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PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

THIRD EDITION

C
C H
H A
A P
P T
T E
E R
R

18
Special-Purpose Electric Machine

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GIORGIO RIZZONI

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


THIRD EDITION

Figure 18.1(a) Two-pole brushless DC motor


with three-phase stator winding
a
N

c'

b'

c
a'
(a)

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GIORGIO RIZZONI

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


THIRD EDITION

Figure 18.3 Transistor and SCR drives for a


brushless DC motor
a
T1
+_

T2

T3
a'

Variable
DC supply
T5

T4

T6

c'

b'
Stator

Transistor supply for brushless DC motor


a
S1
+_

S2

S3
a'

Variable
DC supply
S4

S5

S6

c'

b'
Stator

SCR supply for brushless DC motor

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GIORGIO RIZZONI

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


THIRD EDITION

Figure 18.4 Phase voltages and transistor (SCR) switching


sequences for the brushless DC motor drive of Figure 18.3
1 = Transistor on
0 = Transistor off

Phase-to-phase
stator voltage

T1

Va-b

1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0

T2
T3

V b-c

T4
T5

V c-a

T6
60 120 180 240 300 360 60 120 180
Electrical degrees

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60 120 180 240 300 360 60 120 180


Electrical degrees

4
GIORGIO RIZZONI

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


THIRD EDITION

Figure 18.5 Performance and efficiency


characteristics of brushless DC motor
Efficiency Curve
475

475

300

407

250

339

200

272

150

204

100

136

50

68
500

1000 1500 2000 2500


Speed, rev/min

200

407

204
94%
136

150
100

68

50

500 100 150 200 250 300 350 400


0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Speed, rev/min

(a)

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85%

339
90%
272

250
Torque, lb-ft

Performance Curve

300

Torque, Nm

Torque, lb-ft

350

80%

Torque, Nm

350

(b)

5
GIORGIO RIZZONI

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


THIRD EDITION

Figure 18.8 Stepping motor configurations


i
N
Torque
S

(a) Permanent-mag
stepping motor
i

net

Torque

(b) Variable-reluctance
stepping motor
i
N
S

Torque

(c) Hybrid stepping motor

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GIORGIO RIZZONI

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.