# Mass and Forces

Mass
 It

is the measure of the amount of matter in it.

 It

is also the number of particles the substance has in it.

More particles, more mass!

A

balance is used to measure the amount of mass in a particular substance.

Mass stays the same no matter where you are in the universe.

Measuring Mass
 Mass

is measured in grams (g).

A standard measurement is 1 kg.
‘Kilo’ means 1000, and 1 kg = 1000g

 Very

small masses are measured in milligrams (mg).
1000 mg = 1 g

1000 kg

250kg

100kg

10kg

100 g

25 g

5g

1g

500 mg Half a gram

20mg

Force
 It

is a push or pull on an object. in newtons (N).

 Measured
 

1 newton of force will stretch a thin rubber band What it takes to lift up a D-cell battery

Force
A

force meter (spring scale) is used to measure the amount of force on a mass.

This is also known as measuring the force of gravity on a mass

Also known as weight!!

Weight
 Weight

is a force and should be measured in newtons.
It is described the force that pulls objects together as the force of gravity.

 Gravitational

force depends on the distance between two objects
An object's weight changes depending on where it is from the source of gravity

The farther away from the earth, the less the weight.

So why do we weigh ourselves in kilograms and not in newtons??

Test!

Mass is the amount of matter an object is made of and weight is the force with which gravity pulls on an object.
Test!

Picturing Forces

 Forces

are shown using arrows.  The arrows show the direction of the force Force going right 
 The

Force going left

arrows show the strength of the forces Big force

Small force 