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Rr322104-Computational Aerodynamics - i

# Rr322104-Computational Aerodynamics - i

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JNTUH 2009-10 QUESTION PAPERS
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# Code No: 26067

RR

Set No. 2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 COMPUTATIONAL AERODYNAMICS - I Aeronautical Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Consider the irrotational, two dimensional inviscid, steady ﬂow of a compressible gas. If the perturbation components of u and v are u and v respectively and M∞ is the free stream Mach number, then the governing continuity , momentum and 2 energy equations can be reduced to the system (1 − M∞ ) ∂u + ∂v = o, ∂u − ∂v = ∂x ∂y ∂y ∂x 0.If M∞ < 1 ,which type of partial diﬀerential equation is represented by these equations? Present your work . [16] 2. Consider the function φ(x, y) = ex + ey .Consider the point (x,y) =(1,1).Use ﬁrst order central diﬀerences, with ∆x=∆y=0.1 , to calculate approximate values of ∂φ and ∂φ at (1,1).Calculate the percentage diﬀerence when compared with the ∂x ∂y exact solution at (1,1). [16] 3. A solution of the given p.d.e. ∂u = a(x) ∂ u , a(x) = 0 is desired with ﬁnite diﬀerence ∂t ∂x2 k approximation on a rectangular mesh (x=mh ,t=nk, m,n are integers,r= h2 ) .Obtain n+1 the approximation Um with an appropriate scheme. [16] 4. If the Thompson scheme for generating grids is based upon the following equations ; ξxx + ξyy = P (ξ, η) , ηxx + ηyy = Q(ξ, η) ; where (ξ, η) represent coordinates in the computational domain and P and Q are terms which control the point spacing in the interior of the domain ,then derive the computational domain equations. [16] 5. Make use of the ﬁrst law of thermodynamics by applying it to an inﬁnitesimally small ﬂuid element moving with the ﬂow to obtain the energy equation in terms of the internal energy. [16] 6. How is an elliptic partial diﬀerential equation diﬀerent from a parabolic and hyperbolic type of equations? Comment upon the domain of integration in this case vis-a -vis the other types of equations. Consider the equation 2 φ = 0 and explain. [16] 7. (a) Why should Computational aerodynamics be termed Numerical experiments? Explain the basis with one example. (b) Explain with one convincing example the impact of CFD on the problems of aerodynamics of road vehicles. [16] 8. Discuss the signiﬁcance and utility of conservation and non-conservation form of the equations of ﬂuid dynamics. Hence show with examples signiﬁcance of integral and diﬀerential form of these equations. [16]
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Code No: 26067

RR

Set No. 4

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 COMPUTATIONAL AERODYNAMICS - I Aeronautical Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Why should Computational aerodynamics be termed Numerical experiments? Explain the basis with one example. (b) Explain with one convincing example the impact of CFD on the problems of aerodynamics of road vehicles. [16] 2. How is an elliptic partial diﬀerential equation diﬀerent from a parabolic and hyperbolic type of equations? Comment upon the domain of integration in this case vis-a -vis the other types of equations. Consider the equation 2 φ = 0 and explain. [16] 3. Make use of the ﬁrst law of thermodynamics by applying it to an inﬁnitesimally small ﬂuid element moving with the ﬂow to obtain the energy equation in terms of the internal energy. [16] 4. If the Thompson scheme for generating grids is based upon the following equations ; ξxx + ξyy = P (ξ, η) , ηxx + ηyy = Q(ξ, η) ; where (ξ, η) represent coordinates in the computational domain and P and Q are terms which control the point spacing in the interior of the domain ,then derive the computational domain equations. [16] 5. Discuss the signiﬁcance and utility of conservation and non-conservation form of the equations of ﬂuid dynamics. Hence show with examples signiﬁcance of integral and diﬀerential form of these equations. [16] 6. Consider the irrotational, two dimensional inviscid, steady ﬂow of a compressible gas. If the perturbation components of u and v are u and v respectively and M∞ is the free stream Mach number, then the governing continuity , momentum and 2 energy equations can be reduced to the system (1 − M∞ ) ∂u + ∂v = o, ∂u − ∂v = ∂x ∂y ∂y ∂x 0.If M∞ < 1 ,which type of partial diﬀerential equation is represented by these equations? Present your work . [16] 7. Consider the function φ(x, y) = ex + ey .Consider the point (x,y) =(1,1).Use ﬁrst order central diﬀerences, with ∆x=∆y=0.1 , to calculate approximate values of ∂φ and ∂φ at (1,1).Calculate the percentage diﬀerence when compared with the ∂x ∂y exact solution at (1,1). [16] 8. A solution of the given p.d.e. ∂u = a(x) ∂ u , a(x) = 0 is desired with ﬁnite diﬀerence ∂t ∂x2 k approximation on a rectangular mesh (x=mh ,t=nk, m,n are integers,r= h2 ) .Obtain n+1 the approximation Um with an appropriate scheme. [16]
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Code No: 26067

RR

Set No. 1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 COMPUTATIONAL AERODYNAMICS - I Aeronautical Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. How is an elliptic partial diﬀerential equation diﬀerent from a parabolic and hyperbolic type of equations? Comment upon the domain of integration in this case vis-a -vis the other types of equations. Consider the equation 2 φ = 0 and explain. [16] 2. Consider the function φ(x, y) = ex + ey .Consider the point (x,y) =(1,1).Use ﬁrst order central diﬀerences, with ∆x=∆y=0.1 , to calculate approximate values of ∂φ and ∂φ at (1,1).Calculate the percentage diﬀerence when compared with the ∂x ∂y exact solution at (1,1). [16] 3. Discuss the signiﬁcance and utility of conservation and non-conservation form of the equations of ﬂuid dynamics. Hence show with examples signiﬁcance of integral and diﬀerential form of these equations. [16] 4. Consider the irrotational, two dimensional inviscid, steady ﬂow of a compressible gas. If the perturbation components of u and v are u and v respectively and M∞ is the free stream Mach number, then the governing continuity , momentum and 2 energy equations can be reduced to the system (1 − M∞ ) ∂u + ∂v = o, ∂u − ∂v = ∂x ∂y ∂y ∂x 0.If M∞ < 1 ,which type of partial diﬀerential equation is represented by these equations? Present your work . [16] 5. Make use of the ﬁrst law of thermodynamics by applying it to an inﬁnitesimally small ﬂuid element moving with the ﬂow to obtain the energy equation in terms of the internal energy. [16] 6. A solution of the given p.d.e. ∂u = a(x) ∂ u , a(x) = 0 is desired with ﬁnite diﬀerence ∂t ∂x2 k approximation on a rectangular mesh (x=mh ,t=nk, m,n are integers,r= h2 ) .Obtain n+1 the approximation Um with an appropriate scheme. [16] 7. (a) Why should Computational aerodynamics be termed Numerical experiments? Explain the basis with one example. (b) Explain with one convincing example the impact of CFD on the problems of aerodynamics of road vehicles. [16] 8. If the Thompson scheme for generating grids is based upon the following equations ; ξxx + ξyy = P (ξ, η) , ηxx + ηyy = Q(ξ, η) ; where (ξ, η) represent coordinates in the computational domain and P and Q are terms which control the point spacing in the interior of the domain ,then derive the computational domain equations. [16]
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Code No: 26067

RR

Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 COMPUTATIONAL AERODYNAMICS - I Aeronautical Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Consider the irrotational, two dimensional inviscid, steady ﬂow of a compressible gas. If the perturbation components of u and v are u and v respectively and M∞ is the free stream Mach number, then the governing continuity , momentum and 2 energy equations can be reduced to the system (1 − M∞ ) ∂u + ∂v = o, ∂u − ∂v = ∂x ∂y ∂y ∂x 0.If M∞ < 1 ,which type of partial diﬀerential equation is represented by these equations? Present your work . [16] 2. (a) Why should Computational aerodynamics be termed Numerical experiments? Explain the basis with one example. (b) Explain with one convincing example the impact of CFD on the problems of aerodynamics of road vehicles. [16] 3. If the Thompson scheme for generating grids is based upon the following equations ; ξxx + ξyy = P (ξ, η) , ηxx + ηyy = Q(ξ, η) ; where (ξ, η) represent coordinates in the computational domain and P and Q are terms which control the point spacing in the interior of the domain ,then derive the computational domain equations. [16] 4. A solution of the given p.d.e. ∂u = a(x) ∂ u , a(x) = 0 is desired with ﬁnite diﬀerence ∂t ∂x2 k approximation on a rectangular mesh (x=mh ,t=nk, m,n are integers,r= h2 ) .Obtain n+1 the approximation Um with an appropriate scheme. [16] 5. Consider the function φ(x, y) = ex + ey .Consider the point (x,y) =(1,1).Use ﬁrst order central diﬀerences, with ∆x=∆y=0.1 , to calculate approximate values of ∂φ and ∂φ at (1,1).Calculate the percentage diﬀerence when compared with the ∂x ∂y exact solution at (1,1). [16] 6. Discuss the signiﬁcance and utility of conservation and non-conservation form of the equations of ﬂuid dynamics. Hence show with examples signiﬁcance of integral and diﬀerential form of these equations. [16] 7. Make use of the ﬁrst law of thermodynamics by applying it to an inﬁnitesimally small ﬂuid element moving with the ﬂow to obtain the energy equation in terms of the internal energy. [16] 8. How is an elliptic partial diﬀerential equation diﬀerent from a parabolic and hyperbolic type of equations? Comment upon the domain of integration in this case vis-a -vis the other types of equations. Consider the equation 2 φ = 0 and explain. [16]
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