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INTRODUCTION TO CONSTRUCTION
INDUSTRY QSB30105!

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FINAL PROJECT!
Tutor : Pn Has!
Members: Tay Siew Wen
Yong Ai Yi
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0322879!
0321977 !

Introduction on this
project!
In this project, we were assigned to search for a piece of
land in the size between 50m x 50m (2500m2) – 50m x 70m
(3500m2) somewhere in Malaysia and initiate a small
construction project along with a report proposal.!
The size of the land chosen shall not be bigger than 50m x
70m (3500m2) and not smaller than 50m x 50m (2500m2).
What stated in the brief is that we are required to propose
one project that serves on any one or combination of two or
more of the purposes which are Recreation
area ,Commercial area ,Industrial area, Agricultural area,
Tourism area and Residential area.!
The objective of this project is to enable students to develop
an understanding of the building team, its organization,
duties and inter-relations. Other than that, this project is to
develop an awareness of their professional responsibilities
and to appreciate their profession in the construction
industry. Besides that , this project is also a chance for us to
deepen our understanding of our knowledge of the process
in which it takes to submit the accurate building proposal to
our local authorities.!

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Site analysis!
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Introduction to our site!

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The plot of land we have looked upon is an
undeveloped carpark which looks like a piece of barren
land, thus we have decided that this plot of land was a
great area to be developed.!

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The size of the site is about 2,897.89m2. It is located at
3°09’41.89”N 101°42’37.88E. It is located right behind
the Menara Ambank building, and is located along
Sungai Kelang. The site is located in a business area.!

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Our site!
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Legend

Blue zone – residential area !
Green zone – education area !
Yellow zone – commercial area !
Red zone – our site!

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Site Context!
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A. MENARA PUBLIC BANK!

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B. PETRONAS TWIN TOWER!

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C. AURORA TOWER!

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D. BRITISH COUNCIL!

E. Majlis Promosi Perabot Malaysia!

F. Mauritius High Commission!

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G.MENARA BSN!

H.

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MENARA TA ONE!

Views!
Good view!

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Bad views!

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PROPOSAL (Tay Siew Wen)!
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For my proposal of this project, I would like to build a
cylinder-shaped modern building, which consists of two
floors with the area of 3.142x13.94m2 (610.56m2).!

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The first floor will be a lounge, with a small library, and
the upper floor will be a dining place. The outdoor will have
two small garden and parking spaces.!

The building will be built at the centre of the site, the
garden will be placed in front of the building, by the main
door. The car park will be at both sides of the site and
behind of the building.!

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BENEFITS!
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There are not much restaurants or cafe found around
the site, which is a business area. Therefore, this project will
be benefited by the workers working around there. It also
plays an important role in brighten up the look of Kuala
Lumpur city.!

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IMPACT!
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The traffic nearby will be disrupted, caused by a new
restaurant built in the city. It will also cause air pollution and
sound pollution.!

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Lounge!

A lounge to let people to relax and drink coffee or tea, while
reading books.!

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Garden!

A small garden outside the building to beautify the place!

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Library!

A small library to let people to relax and read some books or
magazines.!

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Dining place!

LIST OF PROFESSIONS
INVOLVED AND TASKS!
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1. Geotechnic Engineer!

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Geotechnical engineering is a discipline within civil
engineering related to the performance of soil and rock
mechanics, including their subsurface conditions,
determination of the physical, mechanical, and chemical
properties that will influence the project under consideration,
Site investigations are needed to gain an understanding of
the area in or on which the engineering will take place.
Investigations can include the assessment of the risk to
humans, property and the environment from natural hazards
such as earthquake, landslide and sinkhole. After necessary
evaluation, design of the earthworks is carried out, and
subsequently supervision of the site, foundation, and
construction is carried out.!

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Land Surveyor!

A land surveyor is the government authorised specialist who
is licensed to determine boundaries, they determine the
relative positions of places on or beneath the surface of the
earth by measuring distances, directions and elevations.
They are the first professionals to carry out physical work on
the construction site.!

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Architect!

The architects provide various designs, then
prepares drawings and a report presenting ideas to
the client based on his needs. Computer-aided
design and drafting (CADD) and Building
Information Modeling (BIM) technology has replaced
traditional paper and pencil as the most common
method for creating design and construction
drawings.
After discussing and agreeing on the initial proposal,
architects develop final construction plans that show
the building's appearance and details for its
construction. The plan is then passed to the
Structural Engineer for his own design.

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4. Structural Engineer

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Structural Engineering is concerned with the research,
planning, design, construction, inspection, monitoring,
maintenance, rehabilitation and demolition of permanent
and temporary structures, as well as structural systems and
their components. It also considers the technical, economic,
environmental, aesthetic and social aspects of structures.!

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5. Quantity Surveyor!

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A Quantity Surveyor is a construction industry professional
who specialises in estimating the value of construction
works. . This may include new buildings, renovations or
maintenance work, from early design costs to final figures.
QS works on a wide variety of projects covering all aspects

of construction such as civil, mining and infrastructure
projects to determine the cost of such facilities.!

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Building Service Engineers!

Building services engineering is an aspect handled by
Mechanical and Electrical Engineers they are referred to as
(M&E), in the local Nigerian parlance it called plumbing and
electrical, in some countries it’s called (MEP) engineering
adding plumbing or public health. This involves the
production and maintenance of a stable internal
environment that has the correct temperature, air quality
and lighting levels. It requires the provision of all the
necessary backup support systems such as power, hot and
cold water and lifts. The installation of life protection
systems such as fire alarms, and sprinkler systems is an
important responsibility as well. These functions must be
linked to sophisticated building management systems to
ensure effective control and to minimise energy
consumption.!

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Building Contractor!

The building contractor draws up a plan to carry out the
construction project. This extends anywhere from hiring
workers to developing a step-by-step timeline that the
project will follow from start to finish. The BC is responsible
for hiring, supervising, firing and payment of workers
alongside obtaining materials for the project to precise
specifications, mostly using the services of suppliers.!

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DEVELOPMENT
PROCESS AND
AUTHORITIES!
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1. Submission of land title for conversion and subdivision to:!
- Land office (PTG/PTD)!

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2. Application for advertising permit & development licence
to:!
- Housing Ministry (KPKT)!

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3. Submission of plans for approval to:!
i. MBAS (Council approvals)!
- Planning approval!
- Building plan!
- Road & Drainage plan!
- Landscape plan!
ii. IWK - sewerage plan!
iii. SADA - water supply!
iv. BOMBA - fire fighting!
v. TNB power supply approval!
vi. Telecom services!
vii. JKKP - machinery department!

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4. Upon completion of project (CPC), submission to the
above authorities for clearance before Architect can issue
CCC (Certificate of Completion & Compliance)!

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5. Insurance of titles/strata titles by land office and
handing over to purchaser/owner!

PROPOSAL (YONG AI YI)!
INTRODUCTION!
On this land I decided to build a 7 story building with three
levels of lower ground floor and also a rooftop for
commercial I called this building as food paradise mall. This
mall only consist of shops that related to food only. I decided
to build this food paradise mall is because to create a place
for people to enjoy many kind of food in one place. They
don’t need to go different places to search their favourite
food. This can make them reduce wasting their time to find
food. In my opinion, it is really a hard question when comes
to decided what should I eat for my breakfast, lunch and
also dinner. So, by creating a food mall will have many
choices. Other than that, this is also a place where people
can chill and enjoy their weekend at food mall.!
Three levels of lower ground floor will be parking spaces
because our site lack of parking spaces. Ground floor of this
building is lobby. First floor is for Malay cuisine restaurant
and shops. Second floor is for Indian cuisine restaurant and
shops. Third floor is for Chinese cuisine restaurants and
shops fourth floor is for Korean cuisine restaurants and
shops. Fifth floor is for Japanese cuisine restaurants and
shops. Sixth floor is for western cuisine restaurants and
shops. The top floor, which is the seventh floor is for dessert
restaurants and shops. For the rooftop, there will be a bar
and lounge area.!
The design for each floor will be in modern style but also
with their own characteristic. For example, first floor Malay

cuisine restaurants and shops will be design in a style with
Malay characteristic such as texture of batik.!
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Benefits!
The benefits to build this food paradise mall is our site is
easily accessible from the many various roads leading to it,
the site is in the city, Kuala Lumpur. Our site near to
residential area, commercial areas and also education area.
In my knowledge KL is a place that always go through heavy
jamming situation.so, people are less likely to go through
traffic jam when they go home. Also there are a lot of
company such as banks and business area near at my site.
Therefore workers at there will find restaurant to having their
brunch. So this would be a perfect place to build a food mall.
Other than that, KL is a place where a lot of tourist would
visit, so they can experience different kind of cuisine in a
mall.!

Impacts!
My site is in a city so this place is compact and noisy. Other
than that, there will be no any empty space at that particular
area.!
The amount of traffic becomes a little too overwhelming. So
people will go for food mall to have their brunch while
waiting the jamming to disperse.!
Since my site is at the city so there will be air pollution
situation and sometimes there are even haze occurs in that
city.!

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ELEVATION OF FOOD
PARADISE MALL!

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PLAN VIEW /ROOFTOP!

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Floor plan from 1st floor
to 7th floor!

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Floor plan of ground floor
(Lobby)!

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Floor plan for
underground (parking
area)!

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Rooftop area Bar!

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Pergola!

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Lounge with glass roof!

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Outside lounge!

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Wooden decks!
Wooden decks are installed on the floor at rooftop area.
Decking makes surroundings looks warm and relaxing!
Glass roof!
Glass roof located on the lounge to let people see sky view.
This is also a design to make the building more unique and
Morden.

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Fake turf!
There are also fake turf cover some of the area to create a
naturedly look and also a greenish look.!
Shrubs!
There are shrubs locate in rooftop area to make surrounding
more beautiful.!
Flowering!

There are climbing plants on the pergola to create a natural
view.

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7th floor (dessert restaurant and shops)!
7th floor is the area that sells desserts. This area consist of
different kind of dessert of different country such as western
dessert and Asian desserts. Other than that this floor have
different kind of dessert restaurant where people can chill
and enjoy. Other than that, there have shops that u can buy
the ingredients to make your own DIY dessert.!

6th floor (western cuisine restaurant and
shops)!
6th floor is the level which consist different kind of western
food such as Italian cuisine, French cuisine and so on. In
this floor, people can experience the atmosphere that similar
to western country. Other than that u can also find fast food
restaurant at here such as MacDonald and KFC.!

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5th floor (Japanese cuisine restaurant and
shops)!

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6th floor is the level for Japanese cuisine restaurants and
shops. These shop is design in Morden concept and yet it
still shows Japanese characteristic. Other than restaurant
there is also a shop which is a centre u can learn how to
make Japanese cuisine. Besides that, this level also have
shops that sell special ingredients for making Japanese
cuisine.!

4th floor (Korean cuisine restaurants and
shops)!
Nowadays, K-pop is known by worldwide people and most
of the teenagers n adults love to listen to Korean music. By
opening Korean restaurant in this mall is one of the best
choice. There are different kind of Korean restaurant which
is for vegetarian customer, Muslim customer and Buddha
customer.

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3rd floor (Chinese cuisine restaurants and
shops)!
3rd floor is the level for Chinese cuisine restaurants and
shops. This is the level where people can search for
Chinese cuisine such as dumplings or shaomai. These
Chinese cuisine restaurant also have different kind of shop

which is shop that serve vegetarian, halal or non- halal.
Other than that you can also find ingredients to make DIY
Chinese cuisine.!

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2nd floor (Indian cuisine restaurant and
shops)!
For the 2nd floor it is for Indian cuisine restaurants and
shops. In this floor we can find most delicious curry in our

country. Other than that, there are also a centre where
people can learn how to make curry or other Indian cuisine.!

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1st floor (Malay cuisine restaurants and
shops)!
In the 1st floor, it is for Malay cuisine restaurants and shops.
In this level we can find all kind of Malay food. Other than
that, for non-Muslim people can experience on how Malay
people having their meals. From this, people can learn
different culture from different races through having foods.!

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Services and Facilities in
This Food Mall!
Services:!
Wheel Chairs!
The centre provides 6 free chairs for the use of customers
with mobility issues. These can be reserved by contacting
the centre office on 028 3836 2251.!
Customer Care!
All staff at the centre are trained to the highest customer
care standard of Welcome Host and Welcome Host Plus for
all senior staff. Also each member has received their
Welcome All certificate for disability training.!
First Aiders!
All staff at the centre are first aid trained for your health &
safety.!
Security & CCTV!
For your safety we have 24 hour security and a high tech
digital system covering the entire centre.!
Radio Link!
High Street Mall tenants and security are part of the
Portadown Retailers Against Crime Net, linking the town
centre for your added safety.!

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Safe Child Scheme!
All stores are registered and trained in the safe child
scheme to assist with lost children quickly and effectively.!
Car Parking Charges 0 - 1 Hours: FREE

1 - 2 Hours: FREE

2 - 3 Hours: RM 1!
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3 - 4 Hours: RM1.3!
4 - 5 Hours: RM1.6!
5 - 6 Hours: RM1.9!
6 - 7 Hours: RM2.2!
7+ Hours: RM2.50!
Covered Parking!
The centre provides over half of its 500 parking spaces
undercover for all our wet and busy days.!
503 Spaces

Free parking from 5pm every Wednesday, Thursday, Friday
and all day Sunday. Baby Changing

2 baby stations are provided within the main toilet area, with
additional feeding area. Free Wi-Fi

We have Free Wi-Fi available throughout High Street Mall!
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Facilities:!
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Public Toilets!

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Disabled Toilets!

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Baby Changing

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Public Phone!

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ATM

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Customer Services Desk & Information Point!

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Lift!

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PROFESSIONS INVOLVED
IN THIS PROJECT!
! 1.! Contractor !
! 2.! Architect !
! 3.! Quantitysurveyor !
! 4.! Civil and structural engineer !
! 5.! Mechanical and electrical engineer !
! 6.! Supplier !
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Contractor!
Contractors are responsible for overseeing construction on
both new and old buildings and structures. A contractor
helps to organize and manage all aspects of a building site.
The job requires someone who is detail-oriented and who
enjoys working on construction sites but may not be
enthusiastic about rewiring cables or rerouting plumbing
themselves. The primary duties of the contractor are
responsible for completing a building project on time and
within a budget. Contractors don’t usually do any of the
heavy lifting in a construction site themselves, but they
oversee teams of subcontractors who are doing the work.
The principal contractor has an absolute duty to prepare the
construction phase plan prior to construction
commencement, and develop, communicate, implement and
amend the plan as necessary to maintain its sufficiency to

effectively plan, manage and monitor the construction work.
This should ensure that the work is performed, so far as
reasonably practicable, without risks to health and safety.!
Plan and manage the construction processes!
The principal contractor has an absolute duty to plan,
manage and monitor the construction such that the work is
performed in a safe and healthy manner, so far as
reasonably practicable. As part of this, the principal
contractor shall facilitate co- operation and co-ordination
between contractors, and designers if required, and the
application of the general principles of prevention.!
To achieve this obligation, the principal contractor must
review the risk assessments and written safe system of
work (method statements) produced by the various
contractors engaged on the project to ensure that:!
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!  they are safe and comply with health and safety law
and standards; !

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!  adequately describe the safe method of working;
and !

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!  Will not cause additional risk to themselves or
others due to interactions with other activities being
performed in the same place at the same time. !

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The principal contractor needs to monitor the way in which
the work is being carried out to ensure that the precautions
and rules specified in the construction phase plan are being
followed. The monitoring will also establish whether the
precautions prescribed are effective in the elimination,
reduction and control of risk. Without any monitoring, the

construction phase plan may not adequately control the
processes and the associated risks. This does not mean
that the principal contractor must directly supervise other
contractor's work.!
In planning, managing and monitoring the health and safety
of the site the principal contractor must give detailed
consideration to:!
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!  emergency arrangements and procedures (e.g. fire,
bomb threat, means of escape, evacuation, confined
spaces) !

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!  use and shared use of work equipment (e.g. cranes
hoists, lifts, suspended access) !

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!  coordinating contractor activities so that they do not
create hazards for each other 

As part of the arrangements for managing site health
and safety, the principal contractor on all projects will
need to include within the construction phase plan the: !

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!  Fire risk assessment and fire safety plan for the
site; !

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!  The site traffic management plan, ensuring so far as
is reasonably practicable that pedestrians within the site
are segregated from transport and plant; providing site
rules for the movement of transport and plant where
this segregation has not been achieved, e.g. banks
persons and high visibility clothing; !

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!  Waste management arrangements, which for
projects that have a construction value of more than
£300,000 will be contained within the Site Waste
Management Plan, as required by the Site Waste

Management Plans Regulations 2008 (SWMP). It
should be noted that the principal contractor appointed
under CDM may not be the same principal contractor
appointed !
under the Site Waste Management Plans Regulations,
although it makes sense for this to be the case. The
appointments of CDM principal contractor and the
appointment of the SWMP principal contractor must both be
made in writing by the client.!
The Principal Contractor must also ensure that other
contractors plan, manage and monitor their own work,
including performing inspections and audits.!
Monitoring is performed both proactively and reactively. The
proactive monitoring would involve site tours, inspections
and audits, with reactive monitoring being the investigation
into the causes of accidents and incidents that occur on the
site.!
To enable the principal contractor to comply with this
requirement, contractors have a duty to inform the principal
contractor of any accident of incident that is reportable to
the HSE under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and
Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR).
However, it would also be useful for the principal contractor
to be informed of other, non-reportable, accidents and
incidents. This could be instructed under contract or as part
of the construction phase plan.!

Architect!
An architect is hired by a client to produce detailed of a
concept or idea that the client wants to bring to reality.

Architect need to comply with building and safety
regulations, local planning regulations and restrictions.
Depending on the project there may be laws surrounding
the preservation of the local environment or any historic part
of a building. Regular client meeting are important to
establish requirements and discuss detailed design
proposals. Heading up the team of professionals who will
work on this stage of the project including engineers,
designers and financiers is also essential.!
During the documentation phase, the responsibilities are to
producing design, detailed drawings and using technology
such as CAD to test the feasibility of the design. Architect
need to consider about client’s requirements, budget and
regulations. Once the design documents are complete,
there are then a second set of documents that need to be
produced.!
These are the construction documents, which translate the
design into instructions and technical specifications for
contractors and construction experts to refer. Once the
project reaches the construction stage, the architect need to
be involved in site visits and meetings, overseeing the
contractors and signing off on various pieces of work,
negotiating with contractors and dealing with and resolving
any problems that arise. The steps that architect need to
undergone before and during construction is meeting , client
brief to initial design, developed design , detailed
design ,tendering for a contractor and the last one is
construction.!
Step 1 – meeting!

Before an architect start to design, there will be a meeting
between architect and his client to discuss about the project.
They will discuss about estimation of fee of the architect
before starting a project.!
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Step 2 – client brief to initial design!
Architect and the client will discuss about the detail
requirement and aspiration. This process is important that
client can advise the architect of his budget, time frame and
any other parameters, as there will affect the design. The
information he provide for his architect is called “The Brief”.
The architect will analyse the brief requirements and present
initial design proposals.!
Step 3 – developed design!
To translate the brief to design, architect will create the initial
proposal into a more developed design. At the developed
design stage, architect will need to finalise the layout of
spaces, the materials for the construction and incorporate
the work of any specialist consultants, such as a structural
engineer who will advise on the structure.!
Step 4 – detailed design!
After client satisfies with the architect’s design, architect will
proceed into detailed drawings, including site work and
specification finishes.!
Step 5 – tendering for a contractor!
Architect will prepare Forms of Tender for the main and
specialist contractor. It Is advise to have at least three
contractors submit costings (tenders) for a project. As each

contractor will base their costing on the same information,
tenders can be compared and analysed and the best price
found. Architect and quantity surveyor will also help the
client to evaluate the tenders received.!
Step 6 - Construction!
During construction, architect will act on behalf of client as
an independent advisor, inspecting the building work at
intervals to ensure that it is being carried out generally in
accordance with the contract documents. Architect will
administer the contract and!
advise the client on stage payments during the projects. The
architect’s work continues until after the building work.!

Quantity Surveyor!
A quantity surveyor manages all cost relating to building and
civil engineering projects, from the initial calculations to the
final figures. Quantity surveyor seek to minimise the costs of
a project and enhance value for money, while still achieves
the required standards and quality. Many of these are
specified by statutory building regulations, which the
surveyor needs to understand and adhere to.!
A quantity surveyor may work for either the client or the
contractor, working in an office or on site. They are involved
in a project from the start, preparing estimates and costs of
the work. When the project is in the contract that may
effects costs and create reports to show profitability. The
tittle of the job may also be referred to as a construction cost
consultant or commercial manager.!
Before construction starts!

Quantity surveyors can help with feasibility studies for a
project. They can roughly estimate what’s involved in the
project, based on measurements of the designer’s or client’s
sketches.!
The quantity surveyor studies the architects’ and engineers’
plans, identifies the costs involved, and then sets an overall
estimated budget for the project. They may compare the
project with others like it.!
The quantity surveyor can then plan costs to help the design
team stay within the project budget using practical solutions.
This is called value engineering.!
The final detailed estimate is prepared by the quantity
surveyor, together with a project architect. This is the basis
for evaluating tenders.!
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When construction starts, the quantity surveyor keeps costs
on track!
Once the building starts, the quantity surveyor can provide
cash flow data so the client can arrange the finances
needed for each stage of the project.!
The quantity surveyor can also assess cost effects when
changes to the project occur, such as delays, and agree on
‘variation’ with contractors.!
The quantity surveyor can provide a bank with a project
report and help a client by preparing draw down certificates
for money to be loaned by the bank.!
Resolving disputes between clients, designers and building
contractors is another role in some projects.!

When construction is over, the quantity surveyor adds up
the total cost!
The quantity surveyor can prepare a statement of final
account, which records the actual costs for all sections of
the job.!

Civil and Structural Engineer!
The role of the structural engineer is a key component in the
construction process. Part of the wider discipline of civil
engineering, structural engineering is concerned with the
design and physical integrity of buildings and other large
structures, like tunnels and bridges. Structural engineers
have wide range of responsibilities - not least a duty to
ensure the safety and durability of the project on which they
are working.!
Unlike architects, who must focus on the appearance,
shape, size and use of the building, structural engineers
must solve technical problems - and help the architect
achieve his or her vision for the project.!
Structural engineers work in offices and on construction
sites - or may split their time between both contexts.
Locations can be varied, including work in metropolitan and
rural environments. Depending on the size of the project,
structural engineers may also be required to work long
hours - in teams consisting of professional, skilled and semiskilled workers.!
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Structural engineers must have a strong grasp of physics,
three-dimensional conceptual skills and creative problem
solving. Outside of an ability to apply principles of

mechanics, mathematics and physics to construct safe,
sustainable buildings, the roles and responsibilities of
structural engineers include:!
Design:!
Many structural engineers deal primarily in the design of
structures - calculating the loads and stresses the
construction will have to safely withstand. Structural
engineers should be able to factor in the different qualities
and strengths delivered by a range of building materials,
and understand how to incorporate support beams, columns
and foundations.!
Investigation:!
Before work can begin, structural engineers are involved in
the investigation and survey of build sites to determine the
suitability of the earth for the requirements of the upcoming
project.!
Communication:!
Structural engineers will be required to co-ordinate and
consult with other members of their projects, including
engineers, environmental scientists, architects and
landscape architects. They may also be required to assist
government bodies in their own inspections relating to the
project.!
Management:!
Structural engineers are often responsible for the
organisation and delivery of materials and equipment for the
needs of the construction project. The supervision and
management of on-site labour may also be a necessity.!

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Civil engineers work at the highest level of design and plan
large infrastructure projects, such as airports and roadways,
which requires solving complex problems. Civil engineers
must determine the feasibility of plans, especially regarding
financial costs and safety concerns. Urban and regional
planners often look to civil engineers for advice on these
issues. Civil engineers are ultimately responsible for the
infrastructure project’s design and implementation.
Therefore, they must be able to lead surveyors, construction
managers, civil engineering technicians, and others to
implement the plan.!
Civil engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry,
and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis,
design, and troubleshooting in their work. Only licensed civil
engineers can sign the plans for infrastructure projects. This
makes it imperative that civil engineers be able to monitor
and evaluate the work at the job site as a project
progresses. Civil engineers must be able to communicate
with other professionals, such as architects, landscape
architects, and urban and regional planners. This means
that civil engineers must be able to write clear reports that
people without an engineering background can follow.!
Many civil engineers hold supervisory or administrative
positions ranging from supervisor of a construction site to
city engineer. Others work in design, construction, research,
and teaching. They work with others on projects and may be
assisted by civil engineering technicians and technologists.
Various levels of government employ civil engineers to do
many of the same things done in private industry, except
that the government-employed civil engineers may also
inspect projects to be sure that they comply with regulations.!

A civil engineer's tasks typically involve the following:!
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!  Analyse survey reports, maps, and other data to
plan projects !

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!  Consider construction costs, government
regulations, potential 

environmental hazards, and other factors in planning
stages !

!!

!  Test soils to determine the adequacy and strength
of foundations !

!!

!  Test building materials, such as concrete, asphalt,
or steel, for use in 

particular projects !

!!

!  Provide cost estimates for materials, equipment, or
labour to determine 

a project’s economic feasibility !

!!

!  Use design software to plan and design
transportation systems, 

hydraulic systems, and structures in line with industry
and government 

standards !

!!

!  Oversee, or participate in, surveying to establish
reference points, 

grades, and elevations to guide construction !

!!

!  Present their findings to the public on topics such
as bid proposals, 

environmental impact statements, or property
descriptions !

Mechanical and Electrical Engineer!
Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies the
principles of engineering, physics and material science for
the design, analysis, manufacturing and maintenance of
mechanical system. They work on a project from the initial
brief, through the design and development stage to the
testing phase and following the project through right up
implementation, right down to producing details of
specification and outline designs. Mechanical and electrical
engineering need to discuss and cooperate with architect
and produce an electrical plan. During construction, the
engineers need to monitor the installation process. After the
construction, mechanical and electrical engineering also
have responsible on maintenance in certain time limit 2 to 3
years.!

Supplier!
A supplier is a supply chain management term that means
anyone who provides goods or services to a company or
individuals. Supplier is the one who supplies materials to the
site. He needs to test and check the materials to ensure
they are safe and free of faults and consistently meet any
mandatory standards that apply. Next, he needs to ensure
the installation of materials and equipment goes smoothly.
Supplier is also sometimes recognized as subcontractor
because of their large contribution to a project.!

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CONCLUSION!
In conclusion, I learned that there are many profession
which involved in construction which are architect,
contractor, quantity surveyor, civil engineer and other
profession. These profession has their own roles and jobs to
accomplish their task in a constructions. Other than that, to
construct a construction need to do a lot of planning and
preparations.!
From this project, I learned how to do analysis on site and
understand what the site suitable to build what kind of
building.!