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Final project:

Development Proposal
Introduction to the Construction Industry
[QSB30105]
Tutor : Pn Hasmanira

Phares Phung Chimeng | 0323554


Ong Von Wan

| 0323364

Contents
Group Component:
-Introduction
-Location & Site plan
-Site Context
-Site Conditions
-Site Analysis
Individual Component:
Phares Phungs proposal
-Introduction
-Rationale
-Benefits & Impact
-Bubble Diagram
-Sketch Plan
-Sketches & Idea
-Roles & Responsibilities of Professions
-Costing
Ong Von Wans proposal

-Introduction
-Rationale, site impact & concept
-Sketch plan
-Sketches & Ideas
-Project life cycles, roles & responsibilities
-Costing

Introduction
To decide what to be developed on a piece of land has
to be proper as it may directly or passively gives out impact
to the society or ecosystem from the surroundings. In this
final project, we are assigned to explore an empty land
which has an approximate area between 50m x 50m
(2500m2) 50m x 70m (3500m2) to propose a construction
project along with a report proposal.
After several surveys and considerations, we have
chosen a piece of empty land which is located along Jalan
SS2/64 to be our developing site. The chosen site is an
empty land consist of a sandy surface and vegetation such
as trees and grasses.
The objective of this project is to enable students to
develop an understanding of the building team, its
organization, duties and inter-relations as well as to develop
an awareness of their professional responsibilities and to
appreciate their profession in the construction industry.

Location & Site Plan


Jalan SS 2/64
47300 Petaling Jaya
Selangor

Site Context

LDP Highway

Shop lots

Park

Residential

SS2 Park

Taman Sea Police Station


Station

Petrol

Site Conditions

Stone fills most of sites surface.


greenery.

Run down fencing.

Badly maintained

Poor drainage.

Litter and rubbish found commonly.

SITE ANALYSIS

Traffic Circulation and Flow

There is only one entrance into the site which is through


Jalan SS2/67. The road is accessible by Jalan SS2/62, Jalan
SS2/64, Jalan SS2/66 and Jalan SS2/73. Traffic is congested
during peak hours and parking is hard to find.

Microclimate

The sun rises from the east in the morning and sets to the
west.
The wind blows generally from north east in the morning
and east in the evening.
The amount of rainfall amounted to that area is
approximately 2800mm to 3000mm
Due to the shadeless and barren land, hot temperatures can
easily be reached during sunny hours.

Drainage

The current drainage system used on the site is a typical


uncovered drain. And due to the flat and barren surface of
the site water either flows to the drains along the fences
surrounding the site or seeps into the ground and remains
stagnant.
The water in the drain of Jalan SS2/64 flows into the larger
drain of Jalan SS2/67.

Site Opportunity and Threat Study


Opportunities

Commercial centre of residential area.

Easy access to public

transport.

Located near LDP highway.


space.

Large and flat

Threat

Stagnant water may lead


to high risk of dengue
fever.

Untreated plantations
has risk of snake
infestation.

Unpleasant odour from


rubbish and litter.

Traffic Jam during peak


hours.

Phares Phungs proposal :


Functional Warehouse
ID: 0323554
Tutor: Pn Hasmanira

Introduction

Based on several investigations on the contextual


study, the buildings that are surrounded around the site are
shop lots, mostly are hardware trading companies. On this
site of 50m x 70m, my proposal is to build a functional
warehouse on my chosen site.
The functional warehouse is considered as a
commercial building for storage of goods. Warehouses
are normally used by manufacturers, importers, exporters,
wholesalers and transport businesses. In this situation, the
nearby hardware shops can utilise the space provided by
the warehouse to store their goods.
Besides, within the warehouse compound includes a
loading bay, administrative offices and parking lots
for staffs. Not only hardware trading companies can gain
benefits from this functional warehouse but other trading
companies as well.

Rationale
Regarding to the previous site study, there are
several disadvantages from the chosen site in the current
condition. The conditions are listed as below:1)Accumulated stagnant water
2)Untreated vegetation
3)Uncovered drains.
This phenomena has a potential of spreading diseases
by attracting mice, mosquitoes, reptiles and other pests.
The uncovered drain also emits unpleasant odour. But out of
all the listed issues, bad traffic circulation is what the
residents concern about the most.
As from what I know, hardware shops are frequent in
transporting goods to their particular business spots. Most
hardware shops delivers their goods once in one or two
weeks. This activity involves usage and movements of
vehicles provided by courier services, and become the main
issue pf causing serious traffic jams and other pollutions
such as air and noise.
Based on the negative phenomena which is occurring
on the site currently, therefore I propose to build a
functional warehouse on the site. This could also
passively solves the issues of accumulated stagnant water,
untreated vegetation and uncovered drains as well.
Although it may not completely solve the issue of bad
traffic, but it can be reduced by at least at a percentage of
60%.

Benefits & Impact


The warehouse provides space and shelter for nearby
trading companies to stock in their goods temporarily.
Trading companies are able to purchase a larger
quantity of goods from the supplier when there is a
cheaper rate as they have enough space to stock them in
the nearby warehouse. When a larger amount of goods can
be purchased at the same time, trading companies would
not need to arrange for extra delivery trips and save it up
for the next delivery order.
Theoretically:
Quantity of goods purchased, Frequency of delivering

Hence, the reduction of delivery trips can significantly


resolve the issue of traffic jams around the site.
Besides, the development on the site will improve
the poor existing conditions such as accumulated stagnant
water, untreated vegetation and uncovered drains. The
improved site shall return a hygiene environment to the
nearby society, from an unorganised poor odour smelling
car park to a clean and fully functional warehouse.
The upgraded image of the clean site will attract
more business individuals as well as popularise the site and
transform that area to become a business trading focus in
the city. Moreover, the nearby residents gain benefits from

the increasing of house value when the site is popularised.


Nearby residents can also make good use of the warehouse
when they are shifting houses.

Bubble Diagram

The bubble diagram above shows connection between the


spaces and zonings on the site. Each circle represents a
space and the arrows indicate the connection of spaces.

Sketches & Idea

The proposed development consists of two seperated


warehouses connected by administrative offices. The idea of
having two seperated warehouses is to have classifications
of goods. The entrace of the administrative building is
located near to the parking lots. Locared at the sides of the
warehouses are the loading bays.

Roles & Responsibilities


of Professions
Construction manager
- Supervises the entire construction project.
- Plans ahead to prevent problems on site before they occur,
for example, planning the delivery and storage of
equipment and materials.
- Inspect and review projects to monitor compliance with
building and safety codes, and other regulations
- Prepare contracts and negotiate revisions, changes and
additions to contractual agreements with, consultants,
clients, suppliers and subcontractors.
Architect
-discuss the objectives, requirements and budget.
-consults with other professionals about design.
-keeping within financial budgets and deadlines.
-produce detailed working, drawings and specifications.
-prepare tender applications for planning and building
control departments.
-negotiate with other professions.
-regular site visit to check on progress.
-resolve issues that occur during construction.
Structural engineer
- calculates the pressures, stresses and strains that each
every component acted upon the building and will
experience from other parts of the structure.
- liaising with other designers, including architects, to agree
on safe designs and their fit with the aesthetic concept of
the construction.

- examines structures at risk of collapse and advising how to


improve their structural integrity, such as recommending
removal or repair of defective parts or rebuilding the entire
structure.
- making drawings, specifications and computer models of
structures for building contractors.
Electrical engineer
-design and produce drawings of electrical system.
-prepare and interpret specifications, drawings and
regulations for the use of electric power equipment.
-decide on the type and arrangement of circuits,
transformers, circuit breakers, transmission lines and
equipment based on calculation.
-ensure completed work meets specifications and safety
standards.
Quantity surveyor
-prepare tender and contract documents including bills of
quantities with the client.
-calculate the cost and budget needed for the project under
clients requirement.
-perform risk, value management and cost control.
-identify, analyse and develop responses to commercial
risks.
-allocate work to subcontractors.
Contractors
-perform multiple construction duties in construction site.
-hire crews as man power for the construction
- coordinate with subcontractors to perform specific tasks
which are out of their range of skills.

Costing
N
o

Description

Cement

Steel structure

Asphalt

Unit
50kg/b
ag
m2

Qty

RM/
unit

Total

500

18.50

9250.00

7000

8.95

62650.00

m2

900

110.00

99000.00

Tiles

m2

2200

11.50

25300.00

Roofing

m2

950

46.40

44080.00

Bricks

pcs

60000

0.35

21000.00

Plumbing Material

6m

200

25.00

5000.00

Fire alarm system

sqm

900

100

90000.00

Paint

litres

45

75.00

1500.00

10

Door

No

20

750.00

15000.00

11

Windows

No

25

250.00

6250.00

12

Furniture

13

Air Conditioning

14
15

Construction
Equipment
Office Equipment

16

Forklift

17

Warehouse
Equipment

No

15000.00
15

2600.00

39000.00

9400.00

20000.00

No

10

27000

270000.00
50000.00

GRAND
TOTAL

782430.00

Ong
Von Wans proposal:
Logistic Building
ID: 0323364
Tutor: Pn Hasmanira

Introduction
From the project brief, I decided to propose a commercial
area for the site we have chosen. I am proposing a logistic
management and office area. The 50x70 site will include an
office and management building as well as a warehouse and
a loading/unloading bay.
The site will feature exclusive parking spots to provide
parking for potential clients. From the entrance, the office
building will be on the left and reaches along to the borders
until the warehouse on the right side of the site area, the
warehouse will be built across the right border of the site
after the office building.
Office Building
The office building is consisted of 2 floors. The first floor will
have the reception and customer service counters. The
second floor will include the management staff workspace,
directors office, and rest & relax area, and conference
room.
Warehouse
The warehouse is a temporary warehouse so the size shall
be smaller than conventional warehouses and there will be
a loading/unloading bay in the middle. The size of the
warehouse will be 65mx15m.

Parking Lot
Sufficient parking lots will be provided for staff and
customers.

The Rationale, Social Impacts &


Concept
The Rationale
The rationale is displayed through the pros and cons
of the site.
Advantages
The site is located in a commercial area which is the
residential focal point because the area is very selfsufficient and has the residents necessities and amenities.
Furthermore, the site is easily accessible because of the
public transportations and the highway nearby. The public
transportations available are buses, LRT station and taxis.
The highway nearby is LDP highway. Also, the site is large
and empty increasing its potential for development. A
portion of the large site can be used as parking lots to
attract more clients that may want to avoid the traffic and
park at the site. Another advantage may be the flat
surface of the site. Having a flat surface to develop causes
construction to be easier and saves flattening costs.
Disadvantages

The site has poor drainage and stagnant water often


occurs after rain. The poor drainage and stagnant water on
the site may cause an increase in dengue fever cases and is
a threat for future business. The area of the site is cursed
with heavy traffic jam during peak hours and parking will
be difficult to find. Next, the area is also hot during sunny
days because of the barren and shade less land. Lastly, the
area of the site lacks storage and stock management
as many shops arrange their extra stocks messily and may
be an eyesore.
Conclusion
After stating the pros and cons of the site, I have decided
upon developing something that may improve the area in
terms of upgrading advantages and decreasing
disadvantages. So my decision is to build a logistic office
with a warehouse on the proposed site. The logistic
management will be able to assist in managing the
incoming stocks and solve the storage problems faced by
the shop owners of the area. As the only logistic
management in the area, there will be little competition and
less risk.
Business Plan
The sites main business and provided service will be as a
logistic management company. The logistics will be based
on incoming and outgoing delivery, in and out of the sites
area. Lorries will be used to deliver the clients item with
concern of quality. Item may be temporarily stored in the
on-site warehouse.

The Social Impact


The social impact is separated to three categories,
site impact, commercial impact, residential impact.

Site Impact
The development will drastically improve the site in aspects
such as function, landscape, drainage and cleanliness. The
proposed development will see an improved drainage
system that will be located along the structures to drain
water effectively. The development will also include
landscape harmony and design to be able to attract more
clients. Also, the development be upgrading an empty
useless site to a functional and relevant logistic office
building. Maintenance will also be included in the
development as to ensure cleanliness and functionality.

Commercial Impact
The proposed development will target the commercial shops
as main clients because of the necessity of a storage
management in the area. The introduction of a logistic

service will solve the storage problems faced by the shop


owners, especially the hardware shops nearby. The stored
stocks can be temporary stored at the warehouse while
waiting to be transferred to a bigger warehouse further
away. Whereas, the parking lots available in the
development can loosen up the traffic common in the
commercial area.
Residential Impact
The development can assist residents nearby who may have
a bulk delivery and needs storage and logistics help. For
example, furniture, event preparation materials and
electronics.

The Concept
The concept of the development is to make a balance of
modern and contemporary, therefore design is a very
important aspect of the project. The landscape should
provide a more professional look and also have a good
amount of greenery with intention of attracting more clients
and to contribute to green buildings. The landscape
functions as a way to cool the hot temperature with
implementations of tree shading. Also, the landscape will
provide the staff with a more refreshing and alert feel to
improve effectiveness at work.

Sketch Plan

From the sketch plan, the grey building will be the


warehouse, the red building and the rooftop rest area will be
the logistics building, and the car park will be the area with
yellow boxes. The traffic flow in and out of the site should
not be a problem. The amount of parking lots should also
suffice staff and client use. Also, the landscape have
included shady trees and bushes to keep the site cool and
interesting.

Sketch Ideas/Concept
Bubble Diagram

The bubble diagram shows the flow between different


spaces. From the entrance, the driveway will be accessed
then the rest of the spaces can be accessed.

Main Structures
The Logistics Building
The main entrance of the building will be below the rooftop
rest area and the reception will be in front of the entrance.
After the reception, the customer service counters will be
available beside the warehouse so that items may be easily
managed and shifted. The 2nd floor is reachable through a
staircase beside the counters. From the staircase, the
conference room is available and will be in between the
staff workspaces. The directors office will be above the
reception counters.
The Warehouse

The warehouse will have a loading/unloading bay in


between for easy access and storage.

The Rooftop Rest Area

The rooftop rest area is a space for the staff to relax during
break to release stress and improve efficiency. The clients
may also have appointments in this area.
Car Park
The car park will support the amount of motor vehicles
necessary for the amount of staff and expected clients.

The Project Life Cycle, Roles &


Responsibilities
1. Concept & Feasibility
Process
- Obtain land from land owner.
- Make feasibility study, site analysis, and economical
& environmental impact.
Client
- Purchase land from land owner.
- Introduces concept and idea.
- Produce funding for the project development.
2. Engineering & Design
Process
- 2 stages of process, Preliminary and Detailed.
- Preliminary, The basic concept and size of the site.
- Detailed, Roles of Design-oriented Engineers &
Architects.

Civil & Structural Engineer


- Analyse the survey reports.
- Consider construction costs and other planning
stages.
- Design hydraulic plans, structural plans, and other
engineering plans.
- Estimate project costing and state the economic
feasibility of project.
- Suggest and recommend the most suitable structure
for use.
- Comply with building & safety regulations.
- Submit plans to local authorities.
Architect
- To listen to the brief of design concept given by the
client.
- From the brief, the architect will design a detailed
base plan based on the clients concept and budget
- Comply with building & safety
regulations/restrictions.
- Submit completed plans to local authorities to
access.
- Constantly meet with other professionals to work out
the most suitable and workable plan.
- Include proper drainage and plumbing systems.
Landscape Architect
- Acquire clients specifications and brief.
- Analyse the site and assess the potential for
landscape.
- Provide a master plan of the landscape according to
the clients wishes and specifications.
- Comply with landscape regulations.

- Submit master plan to local authorities.


Mechanical & Electrical Engineer
- Comply with building & safety regulations.
- Provide wiring plans, lighting plans, fire alarm
systems and etc.
- Submit plans to local authorities.
- Suggest most suitable technical components to
clients.
Quantity Surveyor
- Prepares contracts of details about quantities of
required materials.
- Prepares on-going cost analysis of repair and
maintenance work.
- Provide costing advice.
3. Procurement
Process
- Contracting & subcontracting by suggestion of
client/professional or by open tender.
- Obtaining material and equipment for competition.
Contractor & Subcontractors.
- Contractors/subcontractors are nominated and
provided with jobs.
Suppliers
- Materials are ordered and purchased from suppliers.

4. Construction
Contractor & Subcontractors
- Provide workforce for construction.
- Construct structures based on plans provided.
- Use materials provided by suppliers for construction.
- Contractors may sub their jobs for subcontractors.
Suppliers
- Transport materials to the site for construction.
- Transport materials on time and ensure product
quality.
Architect & Landscape Architect
- Be on site and make sure all works are according to
plan.
- Ensure contractors are clear on the job.
Mechanical & Electrical Engineer
- Ensure all wiring and mechanical components are
according to plans.
- Ensure contractors are clear on the job.
5. Start-up & Implementation
Process
- To test, adjust and correct components.
- Ensure all components function well.

Mechanical & Electrical Engineer


- Prepare the Certificate of Completion & Compliance.
- Leave the electrical components of the site on
overnight to test the quality.
- To correct, adjust and test all the components of the
site.
6. Operation & Utilization
Process
- Pass on to end user and further maintenance.
- Infrastructure will be maintained by work staff.
Client
- Clients may use the site.

Costing
N
o

Item

Unit

1.

A) Building
Materials
Cement

2.
3.
4.
5.
7.
8.

Steel Reinforcements
Asphalt
Tiles
Roofing
Bricks
Warehouse

/50kg
bag
m2
m2
m2
m2
piece
m2

9.
1
0.

Plumbing Material
Fire alarm system

6m
sqm

1.
2.
3.
4.

B) Furnishing
Material
Paint
Door
Windows
Furniture

5.

Plants and Greenery

6.
7.

Fountain
Air Conditioning
C) Utility
Construction
Equipment
Office Equipment

1.
2.
3.

Warehouse
Equipment

5 litres
nos
nos
variabl
e
variabl
e
nos
nos

Quantity

Cost per
unit

Total Cost
(RM)

400

18.50

7400.00

4500
870
2260
1125
64800
975

8.95
110.00
11.50
46.40
0.35
134.00

200
900

25.00
100

40275.00
95700.00
25990.00
52200.00
22680.00
130650.0
0
5000.00
90000.00

80
26
18

89.00
800.00
250.00

1
15

2800.00

variabl
e
variabl
e
variabl
e

7120.00
20800.00
4500.00
104000.0
0
10500.00
4800.00
42000.00
9400.00
84000.00

GRAND
TOTAL

105000.0
0
862015.0
0