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BTEC  2012  

Unit  1  –  The  Online  World  



Lesson 10 – Data Exchange 2
(Student Book B – Pg 14 - 16)

Starter – Explain the different between simplex, half duplex and duplex communications
Simplex sends data in one direction only, half-duplex allows two-way transmission but the devices don’t
transmit at the same time and duplex allows two-way communication at the same time.
1. Explain what serial and parallel transmissions are.

Bits  are  transmitted  one  at  a  time  over  a  
single  wire/channel.  This  then  reduces  
the  cost  of  the  cable,  but  gives  a  slower  
rate  of  data  transfer.  There  is  also  some  
additional  complexity,  as  bytes  have  to  
be  disassembled  into  individual  bits  for  
transmission  and  then  reassembled  after  
receipt.  Serial  transmissions  can  also  be  
used  over  large  distances.  

A  number  of  bits  of  data  are  transmitted  
simultaneously  over  an  equal  number  of  
wires/channels.  This  then  allows  the  bites  
in  a  whole  byte  of  information  to  be  
transmitted  together.  It  has  a  short  
range,  with  an  absolute  maximum  of  
around  5  metres.  It  used  to  be  popular  
for  connecting  printers  but  its  rarely  used  
these  days  in  computing  because  of  its  
cost  and  limited  range.  

2. What is bi-directional transmission?
Essentially, it is about transmitting in both directions. Most recently the term has been applied to fibre
optics. Using the current technology, light passes in one direction only, so you have to add extra fibres to
the bundle to carry a signal in the opposite direction.
Client side processing is the use of a scripting language to create code on web pages, which provide
interactivity. An example of this is a rollover action; this is where some code is triggered when your
mouse is moved over a particular part of the web page.
3. What are the benefits of client side processing?
Speed, the interaction may be faster once the code has been downloaded with the page. Also security, it
is more secure(than server-side processing) as all the action takes place in the downloaded page and
nothing comes from the browser, which could case corruption or security problems.
4. What are the disadvantages of client side processing?
It is browser specific, not all scripts work the same way on all browsers, so you may have to create
different versions depending on the browsers used. Computer speed, it can be affected by the speed of
you own computer. As all the activity is taking place on a downloaded web page, the speed of the
download and the speed of processing will depend on your computer system. If the processing is
complex or resource hungry, it may run slowly or cause other programs to run slowly on your system.




BTEC  2012  
Unit  1  –  The  Online  World  



Server-side processing involves the use of scripts, which reside and are run on another computer on the
internet (the web server). Information is submitted to a server, which processes it to provide results in the
form of a web page. A good example of server-side processing is the submission of a search through a
search engine. The search engine matches the word or phrase against an index of website content on
the web server using scripts
5. What are the benefits of server side processing?
Efficiency, complex code may run more efficiently, as it does not have to be downloaded on to the user’s
computer. Browser independent, the code is browser independent so therefore can be run on any web
browser. Speed, performance is affected only by the speed of the web server. As all of the processing is
done on the web server, the speed of your own computer is only significant for the downloading of web
pages. All of the other processing takes place on a highly resourced and speed server.
6. What are the disadvantages of server side processing?
Security, the exchange of data over the network may present security risks. Overloading, a server needs
to be able to cope with large volumes of users.
7. Explain what USB is and what it is commonly used for.
Universal serial bus(USB) is a higher speed serial connection standard that supports low-speed devices,
commonly used in mice, keyboards and scanners and higher speed devices, commonly used in digital

Plenary – Explain the differences between client and server side processing.
Client-side processing is when the interaction between a web page and code occurs directly on a user’s
computer. However, server-side processing is when the interaction between a web page and a computer
is processed through a server.