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SS 593 : 2013

This Singapore Standard was approved by Building and Construction Standards Committee on behalf
of the Singapore Standards Council on 26 November 2013.
First published, 2014
The Building and Construction Standards Committee, appointed by the Standards Council, consists of
the following members:
Name

Capacity

Mr Goh Peng Thong

Member, Standards Council

Er. Lee Chuan Seng

Member, Standards Council

Mr Tan Tian Chong

Member, Standards Council

Secretary

Ms Lee Hiok Hoong

SPRING Singapore

Members

Mr Bin Chee Kwan


Er. Chan Ewe Jin
Mr Chan Kok Way
Er. Chee Kheng Chye
Mr Chng Chee Beow

Mr Larry Ng Lye Hock


Assoc Prof Gary Ong Khim Chye
Mr Davis Ong Wee Choon

National Environment Agency


Institution of Engineers, Singapore
Individual Capacity
Housing & Development Board
Real Estate Developers Association of
Singapore
Land Transport Authority
Singapore Contractors Association Ltd
Ministry of Manpower
Singapore Institute of Architects
Building and Construction Authority
Nanyang Technological University
Association of Property and Facility
Managers
Association of Consulting Engineers
Singapore
Singapore Institute of Surveyors and
Valuers
Urban Redevelopment Authority
National University of Singapore
Singapore Manufacturing Federation

Mr Christopher Tan
Er. Tang Pei Luen
Dr Tam Chat Tim

Singapore Civil Defence Force


JTC Corporation
Individual Capacity

Prof Choo Yoo Sang

National University of Singapore

Chairman
st

1 Dy Chairman
nd

Dy Chairman

Mr Paul Fok
Mr Desmond Hill
Er. Ismadi Mohd
Mr Benedict Lee Khee Chong
Ms Andris Leong
Assoc Prof Leong Eng Choon
Dr Lim Lan Yuan
Er. Lim Peng Hong
Mr Silas Loh

Co-opted
Member

SS 593 : 2013

The Technical Committee on Architectural Works, appointed by the Building and Construction
Standards Committee and responsible for the preparation of this standard, consists of representatives
from the following organisations:
Name

Capacity

Chairman

Mr Larry Ng Lye Hock

Member, Building and Construction Standards


Committee

Dy Chairman

Mr Benedict Lee Khee Chong

Member, Building and Construction Standards


Committee

Secretary

Mr Allan Koh

SPRING Singapore

Members

Mr Cheah Kok Ming


Mr Choy Kin Man
Mr Gan Geok Chua
Mr Goh Chun Hee
Ms Vivien Heng Cheng Sim
Mr Koh Bon Pock
Mr Lau Kwong Chung
Maj Lim Lam Kwang
Mr Rajendran Ramamoorthy
Mr See Sing Kok
Mr See Sing Mun
Ms Tan Hwee Yong
Mr Wong Chung Wan
Mr Wilson Wong King Chiong
Ms Catherine Wong Phui
Chan
Ms Jesseline Yap

National University of Singapore


TUV SUD PSB Pte Ltd
Singapore Glass Association
Individual Capacity
Singapore Green Building Council
Singapore Timber Association
Singapore Institute of Architects
Singapore Civil Defence Force
Building and Construction Authority
Institution of Engineers, Singapore
Singapore Manufacturing Federation
Housing & Development Board
Individual Capacity
Singapore Contractors Association Ltd

Er. Chong Kee Sen

Institution of Engineers, Singapore

Mr Fang Yea Saen

K&C Protective Technologies

Co-opted
Members

Setsco Services Pte Ltd


Tiles Association Singapore

The Working Group, appointed by the Technical Committee to assist in the preparation of this
standard, comprises the following experts who contribute in their individual capacity:
Name
Convenor

Er. Chong Kee Sen

Co-Convenor

Mr Bin Chee Kwan


Mr Anselm Gonsalves
(served till 1 April 2013)

Secretary

Mr Chow Chee Kiong

Members

Mr Aaron Ang Cheng Hua


Mr Au Wing Kuen
Mr Cheong Yew Kee
Mr Leong Kuo Sam
Mr Long Han Boon

SS 593 : 2013

Name
Members

Ms Helen Ng
Mr Tan Cheong Ee
Mr David Tan
Er. Tang Pei Luen
Ms Jannie Wan
Mr Wong Chiew Yii

The organisations in which the experts of the Working Group are involved are:
Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore
Association of Consulting Engineers Singapore
Building and Construction Authority
Institution of Engineers, Singapore
JTC Corporation
National Environment Agency
Singapore Chemical Industry Council
Singapore Institute of Architects
Singapore Land Authority
Urban Redevelopment Authority

SS 593 : 2013

Contents

Page

Foreword

Section One General


1

Scope

Normative references

Definitions and abbreviations

Section Two Judicious siting of industries and other developments


4

Objective

10

Section Three Requirements for industries


5

Clean industry

10

Light industry

10

General industry

11

Special industry

11

Section Four Requirements to operate a factory


9

Use of industrial premises

12

10

Trade effluent discharge into public sewer and watercourse

12

Section Five Pollution control requirements


11

Water pollution

13

12

Air pollution

15

13

Noise pollution

18

Section Six Hazardous substances and toxic industrial waste control requirements
14

Hazardous substances

19

15

Toxic industrial waste

19

Section Seven Control of land pollution and remediation of contaminated sites


16

Polluting activities

20

17

Site assessment study and clean-up of contaminated sites

20

18

Remediation of contaminated sites

20

SS 593 : 2013

Annexes
A

(normative) Examples of clean industries

21

(normative) Examples of light industries

22

(normative) Examples of general industries

23

(normative) Examples of special industries

25

(normative) List of scheduled premises

27

(normative) List of hazardous substances as specified in the Environmental Protection


and Management Act

29

(normative) List of toxic industrial wastes

40

(normative) Allowable limits for trade effluent discharged into a public


sewer/watercourse/controlled watercourse as specified in the EPMA, SDA
and their Regulations

43

(informative) Example of trade effluent sampling sump design

45

(informative) Guidelines on continuous on-line pH monitoring and effluent


discharge control at last inspection chamber of factory

46

(informative) Example of pH monitoring cum effluent discharge control system

48

(normative) Guidelines for leak test

49

(normative) Guidelines for contingency plan

50

(normative) Guidelines for storage of hazardous substances

51

(normative) Retention basin for spent fire-fighting water for warehouse storing
hazardous substances

53

(informative) Example of dilution tank design

54

(normative) Standards of concentration of air impurities as specified in the


Environmental Protection and Management Act and its Regulations

55

(normative) Emission standards for special waste incinerators

58

(normative) Polluting activities subject to site assessment before


change of use or rezoning

59

(informative) Standards and technical guidelines for assessment and remediation of


contaminated sites

60

(informative) Listing of some approvals by the relevant authorities on pollution control


and other environmental matters

61

Building setbacks for residential developments near MRT tracks

18

Chimney height for the safe dispersion of flue gases from fuel burning equipment

17

Table
1
Figure
1

Bibliography

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SS 593 : 2013

Foreword
This Singapore Standard was prepared by the Technical Committee on Architectural Works under the
purview of the Building and Construction Standards Committee.
The pollution control requirements specified in this code are mainly performance-based so as to allow
industrialists, architects, professional engineers and consultants to exercise flexibility and creativity in
their designs to meet the stated requirements.
The code is aligned to relevant statutory regulations or by-laws of the regulatory authorities or other
government bodies. In general, the Qualified Person shall submit Building Plans (BPs) of the building
works to the relevant authorities for approval on pollution control and other environmental matters
(refer to the informative Annex U).
In preparing this standard, reference was made to the following standards:
1.

CP 100 Code of Practice for Hazardous Waste Management

2.

International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code

Acknowledgement is made to International Maritime Organization for the use of information from the
IMDG Code and the domain experts, Dr. Kenny Yap Sau Hee, Dr. Lawrence Koe Choon Chiaw and
Prof. Liya E. Yu whom we have consulted for this standard.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this Singapore Standard may be the
subject of patent rights. SPRING Singapore shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all of
such patent rights.

NOTE
1.

Singapore Standards are subject to periodic review to keep abreast of technological changes and new
technical developments. The changes in Singapore Standards are documented through the issue of either
amendments or revisions.

2.

Compliance with a Singapore Standard does not exempt users from legal obligations.

SS 593 : 2013

Code of practice for pollution control


Section One General
1

Scope

This code specifies the recommended pollution control requirements and good practices to safeguard
clean air, clean land, clean water and a quality living environment. Siting requirements for various
types of developments, management of hazardous substances, toxic industrial wastes, land
contamination and remediation are also included.

Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this code. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
document (including any amendments) applies.
SS CP 100 Code of Practice for Hazardous Waste Management
SS 553 Code of practice for air-conditioning and mechanical ventilation in buildings
SS 586 Hazard Communication for Hazardous Chemicals and Dangerous Goods
SS CP 48 Code of Practice for Water Services

Definitions and abbreviations

For the purposes of this code, the following definitions apply:

3.1

Air impurities

Includes smoke, cinders, solid particles of any kind, gases, fumes, odours and radioactive substances.

3.2

Controlled watercourse

A watercourse from which potable water supplied by the Public Utilities Board (PUB) under the Public
Utilities Act is obtained but does not include a watercourse from which water is pumped into a main of
the PUB.

3.3

Fuel burning equipment

Any furnace, boiler, fire place, oven, retort or incinerator.

3.4

Hazardous substance

Any of the substances listed in the Schedule of the Environmental Protection and Management Act
(EPMA) (see also Annex F).

3.5

IMDG

International Maritime Dangerous Goods.


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3.6

Pollution control study

A study on environmental pollution control and related matters as defined in the EPMA.

3.7

Public sewer

Includes the following:


(a)

a sewer which was vested in the Government before the appointed day under the repealed Water
Pollution Control and Drainage Act (or any other written law);

(b)

a sewer with respect to which a declaration of vesting has been made under the Sewerage and
Drainage Act (SDA);

(c)

a sewer constructed by the Government on any private property at its expense or acquired by the
Government; and

(d)

a sewer erected on private property which is maintained by the Government.

3.8

Polluting substance

Any oil, solvent or chemical that can cause pollution to a watercourse.

3.9

QRA

Quantitative Risk Assessment

3.10

Scheduled premises

Any premises listed in Annex E.

3.11

Sewage

Includes water-borne domestic waste and trade effluent.

3.12

Stormwater

Rainwater or surface water but does not include sewage.

3.13

Toxic industrial waste

Any of the wastes listed in Annex G.

3.14

Trade effluent

Any liquid, either with or without particles of matter in suspension therein, which is the outflow from any
trade, business or manufacture or of any works of engineering or building construction.

3.15

Watercourse

Includes a reservoir, lake, river, stream, canal, drain, spring or well or a part of the sea abutting on the
foreshore and any other natural, artificial or sub-surface body of water.

SS 593 : 2013

Section Two Judicious siting of industries and other developments


4

Objective

4.1

Environmental impact can be mitigated by ensuring that developments are sited in designated
areas in accordance with the land use Master Plan and pollution control measures are incorporated in
their design. Hence, it is important that at the planning stage of development projects, architects,
professional engineers and developers ascertain the impact of the developments in relation to the
surrounding land use and vice versa. The measures to control air, water and noise pollution, the
management of hazardous substances, and the treatment and disposal of toxic wastes should be
examined and indicated clearly in the development proposals.

4.2

To guide land use planning and help industrialists select suitable industrial premises,
industries are classified under four categories, according to the activities based on their potential
environmental impacts such as noise, odour, vibration, fumes, dust, etc. The four categories are clean
industries, light industries, general industries and special industries (see below). Generally, the
industry uses shall be sited in factory premises that are designated for such use in the land use
Master Plan. In addition, the buffer distance(s) as specified in Clauses 5, 6, 7 and 8 should be
factored in to mitigate the potential nuisance impacts on surrounding developments.

4.3

Industrial premises including warehouses located within water catchments should not be used
for storage of hazardous or polluting substances without written approval from relevant authorities. A
QRA study needs to be carried out for industries handling hazardous substances which shall identify
and quantify hazards and risks related to the transport, use and storage of those hazardous materials.

4.4
For residential developments located near expressways, petrol stations, places of worship or
MRT tracks/stations, reference should also be made to Clause 13.

Section Three Requirements for industries


5

Clean industry

5.1
Factories that do not generate any air pollutants, waste water as well as nuisance impacts
due to dust, fumes, noise and smell that could adversely affect adjoining and surrounding premises.
5.2

No buffer is required between clean industrial site boundary and residential premises.

5.3

Factories should not use, handle or store hazardous substances.

5.4

Examples of clean industries are given in Annex A.

Light industry

6.1
Factories that generate some air pollutants and waste water within permissible limits without
the need for pollution control equipment, and pose minimal potential nuisance impacts due to dust,
fumes, noise and smell that could adversely affect adjoining and surrounding premises.
6.2

There should be a buffer distance of at least 50 m between the light industrial site boundary
and the nearest residential building.

6.3
Factories should only use gaseous fuel (such as LPG or NG or town gas) for burning
equipment.
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SS 593 : 2013

6.4
No buffer is required between any food industry premises and light industry premises.
However, food industries that may give rise to any emissions, such as odour, fumes, steam, should be
sited in food zones or in private land developments designated or approved by the relevant authorities.
6.5

Examples of light industries are given in Annex B.

General industry

7.1

Factories that generate significant amounts of air pollutants and waste water and would
require pollution control equipment to treat the air pollutants and waste water to comply with the
permissible limits. General industry could pose potential nuisance impacts due to dust, fumes, noise
and smell that could adversely affect adjoining and surrounding premises.

7.2

There should be a buffer distance of at least 100 m between the general industrial site
boundary and the nearest residential building.

7.3

There should be a buffer distance of at least 100 m between the boundaries of any food
industry premises and general industry premises and vice-versa. Where required by the relevant
authorities, risk assessments should be conducted by competent independent assessors to ensure
the activities of a general industry do not pose any contamination risk to the food industries nearby.

7.4

Annex C lists some examples of general industry.

7.5
Food industries that may give rise to any emissions, such as odour, fumes, steam, shall be
sited in food zones or in private land developments designated or approved by the relevant authorities.
7.6
Factories should install, operate and maintain pollution control equipment in order to minimise
air, water and noise pollution arising from their operations in accordance to the EPMA and its
regulations.

Special industry

8.1

Factories that can cause serious air and water pollution and will require pollution control
equipment to treat the air pollutants and waste water to comply with the permissible limits. Special
industry can also pose serious nuisance impacts due to dust, fumes, noise and smell that will adversely
affect adjoining and surrounding premises.

8.2

There should be a buffer distance of at least 500 m between the special industrial site boundary
and the nearest residential building.

8.3
There should be a buffer distance of at least 100 m between any food industry premises and
special industry premises and vice-versa. Where required by the relevant authorities, risk assessments
conducted by a competent independent assessors to ensure the activities of a special industry does not
pose any contamination risk to any food industry nearby.
8.4

Annex D lists some examples of special industries. Special industry includes industries
classified as scheduled premises and a list of scheduled premises is given in Annex E.

8.5

Special industries such as oil refineries, petrochemical and chemical manufacturing plants, toxic
industrial wastes treatment facilities, should be sited at least 1 km from the industrial site boundary to the
nearest residential building or from any food industries.

8.6

Where required by the relevant authorities, developers of special industries may be required to
conduct the following studies.
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SS 593 : 2013

8.6.1

Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) Study

A QRA study should be carried out to:


(a)

identify and quantify hazards and risks related to the transport, use and storage of hazardous
chemicals;

(b)

determine impact zones due to accidents which could lead to fire, explosion or release of toxic
gases (the impact zones should not extend to residential sites);

(c)

recommend measures to be incorporated in the design and operation of the plant to keep risks
to a low level and to minimise the impact zones; and

(d)

facilitate the development of emergency response plans to deal with all credible accident
scenarios.

8.6.2

Pollution control study

A pollution control study should be carried out to:


(a)

identify sources of emission of air pollutants, discharge of trade effluent, generation of wastes
and emission of noise; and

(b)

propose measures to reduce pollution and to mitigate adverse pollution impact on surrounding
land use.

Section Four Requirements to operate a factory


9

Use of industrial premises

The following guidelines and the Industrial Allocation (IA) from the relevant authority on the use of
industrial premises should be complied with:
(a)

the premises are sited in a designated industrial estate and is compatible with the surrounding
land use;

(b)

clean technology is adopted to minimise the use of hazardous substances and the generation of
wastes. The processes used will facilitate recycling, reuse and recovery of the wastes;

(c)

the use or storage of hazardous substances will not pose unmanageable health and safety
hazards, and pollution problems;

(d)

the discharge of trade effluent and emission of air impurities should comply with discharge or
emission standards as given in Annex H and Annex Q; and

(e)

the wastes generated can be safely managed and properly disposed of.

10

Trade effluent discharge into public sewer and watercourse

All wastewater generated from industrial/trade premises to be discharged into a public sewer shall
comply with the requirements of the statutory regulations and requirements of the relevant authority.
All effluents that are prohibited to be discharged into a public sewer shall be collected and sent to
approved treatment plants for disposal. No sewage or sullage water or water with other pollutants
(listed in the SDA and the Sewerage and Drainage (Trade Effluent) Regulations) should be
discharged into an open drain at all times.
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SS 593 : 2013

Section Five Pollution control requirements


Industrial and other developments should be designed and incorporated with pollution control facilities to
reduce and control pollution so as to minimise any adverse pollution impact on surrounding
developments.

11

Water pollution

11.1

General requirements

11.1.1 All wastewater are to be discharged into a public sewer unless a written waiver is granted by the
relevant authority. All uncontaminated rainwater should be discharged into a watercourse or other
collection medium with the approval of the relevant authorities. Contaminated rainwater should be
collected and treated in compliance with the discharge limits stipulated in Annex H before discharge into
a watercourse.
11.1.2 Trade effluent containing Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Total Suspended Solids
(TSS) exceeding the allowable limits may be discharged into a public sewer with the approval of the
relevant authority
11.1.3 Secondary containment facilities should be provided for storage tanks containing oils and
chemicals to contain accidental release. The containment facility should be designed based on the
volume of the largest storage tank.
The occupier or owner shall take immediate mitigating measures to control and contain any accidental
release, leakage or spillage from its premises and shall notify relevant authority immediately. The
occupier or owner shall clean up any land, watercourses or other areas contaminated by such release,
leakage or spillage. All wastes generated from the clean-up activities shall be treated and disposed of
safely.

11.2

Specific requirements

11.2.1 Trade effluent treatment plant


Industries which generate trade effluent that do not meet the allowable limits for discharge into public
sewers or watercourses as specified in Annex H should install, operate and maintain a treatment plant
to treat the effluent to comply with the allowable limits.
A separate effluent drain line should be provided to collect and convey trade effluent generated into a
sampling sump before discharge into a public sewer. A schematic drawing of the sampling sump is
given in Annex I.
The trade effluent treatment plant should be designed and provided with spill containment facilities to
channel any spill back to the treatment plant.
For a trade effluent treatment plant which includes neutralisation, a pH monitoring cum effluent
discharge control system should be provided in the last inspection chamber of the premises before
discharge into a public sewer. The details of the monitoring and control system shall be approved by the
authority. Guidelines on continuous on-line pH monitoring and effluent discharge control at last
inspection chamber of factory are given in Annex J. A schematic drawing of the monitoring and control
system is given in Annex K.
Diluting trade effluent with potable water, rainwater or industrial water to comply with the allowable limits
is not allowed.

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SS 593 : 2013

11.2.2 Cooling tower


The overflow/drain-off of a cooling tower should be discharged into a public sewer or any other
approved means acceptable to the authority.
11.2.3 Boiler
Wastewater from boiler blow down should be cooled to below 45C before discharge into a public sewer
or any other approved means acceptable to the authority.
11.2.4 Chemical/oil bulk storage tanks
A full containment facility, including provision of paved area, geo-synthetic liners or any other approved
means of ground protection should be provided for underground or above-ground bulk storage tanks,
including skid tanks. The capacity of the containment facility should not be less than the capacity of the
largest tank.
For a secondary containment facility that is fully enclosed, a leak detection system with an alarm device
should be provided within the facility. A leak test should be conducted before the tank is put into use.
The leak test should conform to the guidelines given in Annex L. A contingency plan should be
developed and put in place to deal with leaks. The contingency plan should meet the requirements given
in Annex M.
For an elevated storage tank, the secondary containment facility should be provided with measures to
contain a shooting jet of chemical/oil released through a rupture in the tank.
For a secondary containment facility exposed to the weather, it should be provided with a system to
discharge rainwater collected in the facility. The discharge system should be designed and operated to
allow only rainwater to be discharged. If the rainwater is contaminated, it has to be treated before
discharge into a watercourse.
The connection point for a filling pipe of a bulk storage tank should be provided with measures to contain
spillage.
11.2.5 Chemical warehouses/storages
A chemical/oil store is to be provided with facilities to contain any leak and spillage. Such an area should
not have any outlet/opening leading to a storm water drain or a public sewer. All leaks and spillage are
to be collected for proper treatment or disposal as toxic industrial wastes.
Separate fire compartments are to be provided for the storage of substances that can react dangerously
with one another. Substances in the same hazard categories may be stored together as long as the
compartment is protected against the most hazardous substance. The guidelines for storage of
hazardous substances are given in Annex N.
Companies which store large quantities of hazardous substances, i.e. at any one time in excess of 100
MT in total quantity or 20 MT of IMDG Class 6 (Toxic) hazardous substances in total quantity should
provide a retention basin for contaminated fire-fighting water.
The capacity of the retention basin depends on whether a fire compartment is provided with automatic
fire extinguishing system such as water sprinklers. A smaller retention basin may be provided if an
automatic fire extinguishing system is installed. The recommended volume of the retention basin for
contaminated fire-fighting water is given in Annex O.
The floor of the chemical warehouse should be coated with a layer of chemical-resistant material.

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SS 593 : 2013

11.2.6 Laboratory
All wastewater from laboratories should be discharged into a public sewer. Wastewater generated from
a chemical analysis laboratory should be discharged into a sewer via a balancing tank, also known as a
dilution tank. A schematic drawing of the balancing/dilution tank is shown in Annex P.
If there is more than one chemical analysis laboratory, a common balancing tank may be provided to
serve the laboratories. The wastewater from the laboratories may also be discharged into a trade
effluent treatment plant if one is provided.
11.2.7 Aquacultural farm
Trade effluent generated from land based aquacultural farms needs to be treated to comply with the
allowable limits before it is discharged into a public sewer. Where a public sewer is not available, it has
to be collected, pre-treated and disposed of at water reclamation plants approved by or treated to
comply with the allowable limits for discharge into a watercourse with the prior written approval from the
proper authorities.
Sludge, if generated, should be stabilised, dewatered and disposed of as solid waste.
11.2.8 Livestock farm
Livestock should not to be reared in the open. Properly covered sheds should be erected and provided
with odour control facilities for the rearing of livestock.
Trade effluent generated ought to be collected and treated to comply with the allowable discharge limits
before discharge into a public sewer or watercourse, where a public sewer is not available.
Animal wastes and sludge generated from wastewater treatment should be stabilised, dewatered and
disposed of as solid waste.
Poultry wastes may be collected for disposal as solid wastes. The wastes should be stored inside a
storage shed with a containment facility provided with odour control measures to mitigate smell
nuisance.
11.2.9 Horticultural farm and golf course
Pesticides and fertilisers that are approved by authority should be used. In addition for use of pesticides
and fertilisers within water catchments, the approval of relevant authority is required. Pesticides and
fertilisers should be applied strictly in accordance with the guidelines of the manufacturers or distributors
to prevent pollution of surface water.

12

Air pollution

12.1

Waste wood, timber and other combustible wastes are not to be disposed of by open fire.

12.2

Trade and industrial premises which carry out activities that can generate air impurities are
required to install, operate and maintain air pollution control equipment properly and efficiently. The
pollution control equipment has to be designed to comply with the allowable emission standards. The
emission of air impurities shall comply with the requirements of the EPMA and its Regulations. Exhaust
from the pollution control equipment is to be emitted into the atmosphere through a discharge stack
approved by the authority to ensure safe dispersion.

12.3 Fuel burning equipment should be efficiently operated and maintained. The fuel burning
equipment should use fuel (e.g. natural gas, town gas, LPG (liquefied petroleum gas), and/or diesel with
sulphur content) approved by the relevant authority. Gaseous fuel is to be used in fuel burning
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SS 593 : 2013

equipment installed in premises that are sited within 100 m of any residential/naturally ventilated
buildings with live-in facilities such as old aged homes, hostels, etc.

12.4

A chimney of an approved height should be provided for safe dispersion of flue gases from fuel
burning equipment. The design height of the chimney shall be computed based on the mass rate of fuel
burnt to determine the sulphur dioxide (SO2) emission from the fuel burning equipment, and take into
account the height of buildings in the vicinity. The design chimney height computed from the SO2
emission calculation shall not be lower than 3 m above roof level of all factory buildings in the vicinity
(refer to Figure 1 for distance criteria) or 15 m measured from ground level, whichever is higher.

12.5

Monitoring equipment is to be provided at discharge stacks and chimneys to monitor air


impurities emitted in order to ensure that the emissions comply with the air emission limits. The
monitoring equipment is to be installed in accordance with the technical specifications of the equipment
supplier to give accurate readings. For scheduled premises, in-stack continuous emission monitoring
system (CEMS) or an alternative monitoring system for emission control approved by the authority shall
be provided at discharge stacks and chimneys operating fuel burning equipment to monitor air impurities
emitted. The parameters to be monitored (for example smoke, particulate matter, mercury, sulphur
dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxygen, temperature and flue gas flow rate)
shall comply with the relevant authoritys requirements. The continuous monitoring system shall be
designed to relay the emission data to the relevant authoritys central monitoring system in real time.
Sampling ports shall be provided for calibration of CEMS or for manual installation of portable sampling
equipment. The ports shall be accessible.

12.6 The design and installation of any flare system for safe disposal of hydrocarbon gases shall be
cleared with the relevant authority before it is submitted for approval at the developments planning
stage. Standard operating procedures (SOP) on minimising flaring duration and operational feasibility of
shutting down the specific process unit which feeds the flare system should be established. A
monitoring device (e.g. CCTV with recording functions) shall be installed as approved by the relevant
authority.
12.7

Special waste incinerators for toxic industrial wastes are to be designed and operated to comply
with emission standards specified in Annex R.

13

Noise pollution

13.1

General requirements

13.1.1 All practical noise abatement measures should be adopted to comply with the allowable
boundary noise levels specified in the Environmental Protection and Management (Boundary Noise
Limits for Factory Premises) Regulations. For non-industrial buildings, the Guidelines on Boundary
Noise Limits for Air Conditioning and Ventilation Systems in Non-Industrial Buildings could be adopted.
Please refer to relevant authoritys website for a copy of the said Guidelines.
13.1.2 Mechanical equipment such as air compressors, chillers, cooling towers, air-conditioners,
exhaust fans of mechanical ventilation system, etc should be sited as far away as practical from noisesensitive developments such as healthcare and educational institutions, aged homes, etc and residential
buildings and the facing of the exhaust outlets should be in accordance with SS 553. Mechanical
equipment of low sound power should be used wherever possible. Noise abatement measures such as
acoustic screen walls, noise barriers, soundproof enclosures, etc could be provided to comply with the
allowable boundary noise levels.
13.1.3 For new developments, the developer or Qualified Person is advised to carry out a site survey
to assess the existing sources of noise pollution in the vicinity which could pose noise nuisance impact.
Noise abatement measures should be factored into the building design in order to mitigate the nuisance
impact. Acoustic consultants may be engaged for this purpose.
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Stack

Minimum 15m

Proposed
Factory

3m
Stack

Proposed
Factory
xm

Tallest
Building

Note:

For non-scheduled boilers ( 2300 kg/h of steam generated), x 30 m.

For scheduled boilers (> 2300 kg/h of steam generated), x 100 m.

Figure 1 Chimney height for the safe dispersion of flue gases from fuel burning equipment

17

SS 593 : 2013

13.2

Specific requirements

13.2.1 Residential development near expressway


Adequate setback in compliance with the relevant authoritys guideline should be maintained between
residential buildings and major arterial roads/expressways to minimise the impact of traffic noise. In
addition, non-noise sensitive buildings/structures, such as car parks, driveways, electrical substations,
etc, should be sited within the setback in order to minimise the impact of traffic noise on the residents.
13.2.2 Residential development near petrol stations or places of worship
Residential development located near petrol stations or places of worship should either provide
adequate separation buffer or incorporate passive abatement measures in order to mitigate any
nuisance due to odour, noise, fumes, smoke, etc. The separation buffer could be utilised for nonsensitive structures such as car parks, electrical substations, etc.
13.2.3 Residential/noise sensitive developments near Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) tracks/stations
Residential or noise sensitive development near MRT tracks/stations should provide the minimum
building setbacks as set out below.
Table 1 Building setbacks for residential developments near MRT tracks
Orientation of building

Minimum building setback (m)

Fronting track

35

End-wall facing track

25

In addition, the building design shall incorporate noise abatement measures in order to mitigate noise
impacts from the MRT operation.
13.2.4 Residential developments near to heavy vehicle park
Residential development located near heavy vehicle park should be provided with a 100m buffer in
order to mitigate any nuisance impacts due to noise, fumes, etc.

Section Six Hazardous substances and toxic industrial wastes control


requirements
14

Hazardous substances

14.1

Companies that import, export, sell, store, use or transport hazardous substances should
comply with the requirements of the relevant authority. Preventive measures should be taken to
minimise accidental release of hazardous substances into the environment and emergency response
plans put in place to deal with all credible accident scenarios of release of hazardous substances.

The preventive measures include:


(a)

Containers constructed and inspected in accordance with internationally acceptable standards


are used for the storage of hazardous substances and affixed with approved labels;

(b)

Storage areas are equipped with containment as well as disposal facilities to deal with accidental
release of hazardous substances;
18

SS 593 : 2013

(c)

Route and time are specified for the transportation of hazardous substances exceeding specified
quantities;

(d)

Drivers of road tankers and tankers carrying hazardous substances are required to undergo a
special training course on safety requirements and precautions, first aid and fire fighting;

(e)

The owner or consignor of any consignment of any hazardous substance should notify the
relevant authorities immediately of any accidental release, leakage or spill of hazardous
substances during transport; and

(f)

The owner or consignor is to ensure immediate mitigating measures are taken to control and
contain the release, leakage or spill and clean up of any affected land, drain or watercourses. All
wastes generated should be treated and disposed of safely.

14.2

Companies that are licensed to store and use hazardous substances may be required to carry
out safety audits to systematically identify and rectify weaknesses in their management systems and
practices for handling hazardous substances on a regular basis.

15

Toxic industrial waste

15.1 Industries are to engage licensed toxic industrial waste collectors to collect their toxic industrial
wastes for safe treatment and disposal. Alternatively, industries could install in-house treatment facilities
to recycle and reuse their toxic industrial waste or treat it for safe disposal.
15.2

Toxic industrial wastes are controlled by the Environmental Public Health (Toxic Industrial
Waste) Regulations. The collection, treatment and disposal of toxic industrial wastes shall comply with
the relevant authoritys requirement.

15.3

Toxic industrial wastes should be stored in standard containers made of material suitable for the
relevant chemical(s). A suitable location should be set aside specially for storage of toxic industrial
wastes and marked prominently with standard hazard warning signs.

15.4

Toxic industrial wastes should be stored taking into account their properties and compatibility to
prevent reactions during storage. Incompatible toxic industrial wastes should not be mixed in the same
container. Separate secondary containment facilities should be provided for each incompatible liquid
toxic industrial waste.

15.5 Pathogenic wastes from hospitals, healthcare and research institutions, clinics and laboratories
should be segregated from chemical wastes and general wastes. Pathogenic wastes should be placed
in a secured final storage area prior to collection by a biohazardous waste collector licensed by the
authority. No compaction of pathogenic wastes is allowed.
15.6

All toxic industrial wastes are to be collected, treated and disposed of in compliance with the
stipulated standards. The operators are required to maintain a proper record of collection, treatment and
disposal of toxic industrial wastes. Toxic industrial waste disposal facilities storing toxic industrial wastes
exceeding 100 MT for all toxic industrial wastes and/or 20 MT of IMDG Class 6 toxic industrial wastes
should provide retention basin(s) for contaminated fire-fighting water.

15.7

Solid residues disposal such as sludge from wastewater treatment facilities and fly ash from
waste incinerators may contain toxic contaminants such as heavy metals. Such wastes have to be
treated to comply with leachate test standards before disposal at a landfill site approved by the
relevant authority.

15.8 More information on hazardous waste management is available in SS CP 100 Code of


Practice for Hazardous Waste Management.
19

SS 593 : 2013

Section Seven Control of land pollution and remediation of contaminated


sites
When a site that is used for polluting activities is to be redeveloped, rezoned or reused for a nonpolluting activity, a study should be conducted on the site to assess extent of land contamination. If the
site assessment study shows that the site is contaminated, the site needs to be cleaned up to comply
with the authoritys requirements.

16

Polluting activities

A site assessment, in addition to other relevant statutory requirements, is required to be carried out for
the list of polluting activities specified in Annex S.

17

Site assessment study and clean-up of contaminated sites

17.1

When a site used for a polluting activity is to be leased, transferred or sold to another party for
the same or other polluting activities, a site assessment study should be conducted to allow parties
involved to ascertain the extent of contamination, if any.

When a site is to be developed for a polluting activity, it is recommended that a site assessment study
be conducted to establish the baseline soil conditions for future assessment of land contamination.

17.2 A report of the site assessment study and clean-up plan should include the following
information:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
(j)

Site location and boundaries;


Site ownership;
Party responsible for assessment and management, if not owner;
Soil consultants expertise;
Proposed use of site;
History of site - activities of previous owners;
Site assessment standard/methodology adopted;
Site inspection and evidence of possible contamination;
Initial testing - sampling protocol, locations, laboratory used; and
Results of soil and groundwater analysis (if applicable);

18

Remediation of contaminated sites

The contaminated sites shall be cleaned according to relevant standards (referred to in Annex T)
acceptable to the authority.

20

SS 593 : 2013

Annex A

(normative)

List of clean industries


1)

Software design and development;

2)

Product/prototype design, industrial and engineering design;

3)

Fashion designing;

4)

Assembly and repair of computer hardware, audio-visual equipment, and other


communication/electronic equipment, apparatus and parts. Spray-painting, electroplating or
galvanising operations are excluded though minor soldering is allowed;

5)

Information Technology (IT) technical support/maintenance centres;

6)

Assembly and repair of office, computing and accounting machinery (not involving spraypainting, electroplating or galvanising operations);

7)

Assembly and repair of electrical appliances and housewares without the use of powertools.
Spray-painting, electroplating or galvanising operations are excluded though minor soldering
is allowed;

8)

Assembly and repair of photographic and optical goods (not involving spray-painting,
electroplating or galvanising operations);

9)

Manufacture and repair of watches and clocks (not involving spray-painting, electroplating or
galvanising operations);

10)

Manufacture of paper products without printing and gluing activities, and use of boiler;

11)

Manufacture of professional, scientific, measuring and controlling equipment (not involving the
use of chemicals); and

12)

International specialist and engineering consultancy services.

21

SS 593 : 2013

Annex B

(normative)

List of light industries


1)

Packing of dried foodstuff, blending of food ingredients, bottling of syrups/cordial juice;

2)

Research & Development not more than 100kg of non-toxic chemicals in total;

3)

Biotechnology that does not generate smell or fume;

4)

Manufacture of made-up textile goods (except wearing apparel) without dyeing, bleaching
and/or other finishing operations;

5)

Knitting mills without dyeing, bleaching and/or other finishing operations;

6)

Manufacture of carpets and rugs without dyeing, bleaching and/or other finishing products;

7)

Manufacture of wearing apparel (except footwear) without dyeing and/or bleaching


operations;

8)

Manufacture of polyethylene products (not involving printing operation);

9)

Manufacture of footwear, except for those made of plastic or vulcanised/moulded rubber;

10)

Manufacture of products of leather and leather substitutes, except footwear and wearing
apparel;

11)

Printing, publishing and allied industries;

12)

Mould-making without metal stamping, etching or electroplating;

13)

Manufacture of plastic products, not elsewhere classified;

14)

Manufacture of containers and boxes of paperboard;

15)

Manufacture of paper products, involving printing activities without pulping works or bleaching
operations;

16)

Servicing and refilling of fire extinguishers;

17)

Science parks, involving small quantities of non-toxic chemicals; and

18)

Packing and bottling of medicated oil.

22

SS 593 : 2013

Annex C

(normative)

List of general industries


Food industries
1)

Manufacture of food products (factories not having scheduled boilers). Food processing
factories such as food catering and confectioneries which generate wastewater containing
high concentration of oil and grease should be sited in units which are served by a separate
sanitary plumbing system connected to a grease trap.

2)

Blending of flavours and fragrances; and

3)

Packing and bottling of medicinal herbs.

Non-food industries
Such industries may be located near food industries only if a buffer distance of at least 100 m is
provided between boundaries of the buildings of the food industry and the general industry:
1)

Manufacture of jewellery and related articles - very small-scale jewellery electroforming


operations could be allowed in flatted factories that are used for light industries;

2)

Manufacture of electrical apparatus and supplies, not elsewhere classified;

3)

Manufacture of professional, scientific, measuring and controlling equipment, not elsewhere


classified;

4)

Manufacture of musical instruments;

5)

Manufacture of sporting and athletic goods (excluding woodworking or electroplating


operations);

6)

Manufacture of emergency lighting and power supply systems;

7)

Biotechnology that generate smell or fume;

8)

Manufacture of made-up textile goods, with dyeing, bleaching and/or other finishing
operations;

9)

Manufacture of textiles, not elsewhere classified;

10)

Knitting mills with dyeing, bleaching and/or other finishing operations;

11)

Manufacture of carpets and rugs with dyeing, bleaching and/or other finishing operations;

12)

Manufacture of furniture and fixtures, excluding metal furniture;

13)

Manufacture of wooden and cane containers and small cane wares excluding bleaching of
cane;

14)

Manufacture of wood and cork products, not elsewhere classified;

15)

Cordage, rope and twine industries;

16)

Manufacture of metal drums and containers;

17)

Manufacture of metallic components using powder metallurgy methods;

18)

Manufacture of other metallic products involving metal stamping, wire drawing and spring
coiling;
23

SS 593 : 2013

19)

Manufacture of dry cells and batteries, excluding metal electrodes;

20)

Cutting, grinding and polishing of marble and ceramic tiles;

21)

Manufacturing industries, otherwise classified as clean or light industries, with spray-painting


operations;

22)

Vehicle repair and servicing;

23)

Repair and maintenance of engines, motors and mechanical pumps;

24)

Industrial laundry services without scheduled boilers;

25)

Filling/bottling of inert industrial gases such as nitrogen, helium and argon;

26)

Storage of chemicals, detergents, oils, solvents, pesticides and related products;

27)

Storage of rubber products and other odorous products;

28)

Manufacturing industries, not elsewhere classified;

29)

Manufacturing of joss sticks;

30)

Warehouses storing general goods and non-hazardous substances/chemicals;

31)

Warehousing activities and storage of finished products such as furniture, electric appliances,
garments, canned food and beverages etc;

32)

Manufacture of cutlery, hand tools and general hardware;

33)

Blending of detergents and cleaning preparations, perfumes, hair care products, cosmetics
and other toilet preparations;

34)

Manufacture of aluminium window frames and grills from aluminium extrusions without spray
painting operations;

35)

Jigs, fixtures and mould making activities;

36)

Storing, sorting and recycling of plastic materials, metal scraps, horticultural waste, etc; and

37)

Diagnostics laboratories and referral laboratories.

24

SS 593 : 2013

Annex D

(normative)

List of special industries


Food industries
1)

Slaughtering of livestock, poultry and the likes;

2)

Manufacture of dairy products;

3)

Canning and preserving of fruits and vegetables;

4)

Canning, preserving and processing of fish, crustaceans and similar food;

5)

Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats;

6)

Grain mill products;

7)

Sugar factories and refineries; and

8)

Manufacture of alcoholic products.

Non-food industries
1)

Manufacture of prepared animal feed;

2)

Manufacture of drugs and medicines;

3)

Manufacture of paints, varnishes and lacquers;

4)

Other manufacturing industries involving the use of large quantities of organic solvents;

5)

Assembly of computer hardware, audio-visual equipment, and other communication/


electronic equipment, apparatus and parts involving electroplating;

6)

Assembly of office, computing and accounting machinery involving electroplating or


galvanizing operations;

7)

Assembly of electrical appliances and housewares involving electroplating or galvanising


operations;

8)

Assembly of photographic and optical goods involving electroplating or galvanising


operations;

9)

Manufacture of watches and clocks involving electroplating or galvanising operations;

10)

Manufacture of sporting and athletic goods involving woodworking or electroplating


operations;

11)

Other manufacturing industries with electroplating or galvanising operations;

12)

Manufacture of furniture and fixtures that are primarily made of metal;

13)

Manufacture of rubber or polyurethane foam;

14)

Iron and steel basic industries;

15)

Manufacture of structural steel products;

16)

Non-ferrous metal basic industries;

17)

Metal-refining industries, including recovery of precious metals;

18)

Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment, not elsewhere
classified;

19)

Manufacture of engines and turbines;

20)

Manufacture of agricultural machinery and equipment;


25

SS 593 : 2013

21)

Machining of metal and woodworking machinery;

22)

Manufacture of special industrial machinery and equipment, except metal and woodworking
machinery;

23)

Manufacture of machinery and equipment, except electrical, not elsewhere classified;

24)

Manufacture of electrical industrial machinery and apparatus;

25)

Tanneries and leather finishing;

26)

Dressing and dyeing industries;

27)

Spinning, weaving and finishing of textiles;

28)

Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard including bleaching operations;

29)

Sawmills and planing mills;

30)

Other woodworking industries, not elsewhere classified;

31)

Manufacture of basic industrial chemicals, except fertilisers;

32)

Manufacture of fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides;

33)

Manufacture of soaps and cleaning preparations, perfumes, cosmetics and other toilet
preparations (except those without chemical reactions);

34)

Petroleum refineries;

35)

Manufacture of synthetic resins, plastic materials and man-made fibres and foams, except
those made of glass;

36)

Manufacture of miscellaneous products of petroleum and coal;

37)

Manufacture of chemical products, not elsewhere classified;

38)

Processing of waste oils and waste chemicals;

39)

Processing of food wastes, including composting plant;

40)

Bulk storage of hazardous substances;

41)

Tyre and tube industries;

42)

Manufacture of rubber products, not elsewhere classified;

43)

Manufacture of pottery, china and earthen ware;

44)

Manufacture of glass and glass products;

45)

Manufacture of structural clay products;

46)

Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster;

47)

Manufacture of non-metallic mineral products, not elsewhere classified;

48)

Industries using radioactive materials;

49)

Shipbuilding and repairing;

50)

Manufacture of railroad equipment;

51)

Manufacture of motor vehicles;

52)

Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles;

53)

Manufacture of aircrafts;

54)

Manufacture of transport equipment, not elsewhere classified;

55)

Any other industrial premises classified as scheduled premises; and

56)

Chemical warehouses handling hazardous substances.


26

SS 593 : 2013

Annex E

(normative)

List of scheduled premises


NOTE Refer to the Environmental Protection and Management Act (EPMA) for the current list of
scheduled premises.

Premises
1)

Cement works, being works for the manufacture or packing of portland cement, similar
cement or pozzolanic materials;

2)

Concrete works, being works for the manufacture of concrete, with each batch capacity
greater than 0.5 cubic metre;

3)

Asphalt works, being works for the manufacture of asphalt or tarmacadam;

4)

Ceramic works, being works in which any products such as bricks, tiles, pipes, pottery goods,
refractories or glass are manufactured in furnaces or kilns fired by any fuel;

5)

Chemical works, being works in which acids, alkali, chemical fertiliser, soap, detergent,
sodium silicates, lime or other calcium compounds, chlorine, chemicals or chemical products
are manufactured;

6)

Coke or charcoal works, being works in which coke or charcoal is produced and quenched,
cut, crushed or graded;

7)

Ferrous and non-ferrous metal works, being works in which metal melting process for casting
and/or metal coating are carried out;

8)

Gas works, being works in which coal, coke, oil or other mixtures or derivatives are handled
or prepared for carbonisation or gasification and in which such materials are subsequently
carbonised or gasified;

9)

Crushing, grinding and milling works, being works in which rock, ores, minerals, chemicals or
natural grain products are processed by crushing, grinding, milling or separating into different
sizes by sieving, air elutriation or in any other manner;

10)

Petroleum works, being works in which crude or shale oil or crude petroleum or other mineral
oils are refined or reconditioned;

11)

Scrap metal recovery works, being works in which scrap metals are treated in any type of
furnace for recovery of metal irrespective of whether or not this is the primary object of any
specific premises;

12)

Primary metallurgical works, being works in which ores are smelted or converted to metal of
any kind;

13)

Pulping works, being works in which wood or cellulose material is made into pulp; and

14)

Abrasive blasting works, being works in which equipment or structures are cleaned by
abrasive blasting.

27

SS 593 : 2013

Premises with boilers


On which is erected any boiler of steam generating capacity of at least 2,300 kg/h, incinerator or
furnace burning 500 kg or more of solid combustible material per hour or 220 kg or more of liquid
material per hour.

Premises used for the storage of chemicals


Being used or intended to be used for storing
1)

More than 100 tons of one or more of the following substances: chemicals, chemical products,
hydrocarbons or hydrocarbon products which are toxic or which produce toxic gases on
burning or on contact with water or air; or

2)

More than 1,000 tons of one or more of the following substances: chemicals, chemical
products, hydrocarbons or hydrocarbon products with a flashpoint lower than 55C.

28

SS 593 : 2013

Annex F

(normative)

List of hazardous substances as specified in the Environmental


Protection and Management Act
NOTE Refer to the Environmental Protection Management Act (EPMA) for the current list of hazardous
substances

F.1

Hazardous substances
Substance

Hazardous substances

Exclusion

1,2-dibromoethane (EDB)
Acetic acid

Substances containing not more than 80%, weight in weight, of


acetic acid;
Preparations and solutions for photographic use.

Acetyl bromide
Allyl isothiocyanate
Alkali metal bifluorides; Ammonium
bifluoride; Potassium fluoride; Sodium
fluoride; Potassium silicofluoride;
Sodium silicofluoride; Silicofluoric acid

Preparations containing not more than 0.3%, weight in weight, of


potassium fluoride in radiator protectors;
Preparations containing not more than 0.96%, weight in weight, of
potassium fluoride in photographic chemicals;
Substances containing not more than 3%, weight in weight, of
sodium fluoride or sodium silicofluoride as a preservative;

Ammonia

Substances containing sodium fluoride intended for the treatment


of human ailments.
Preparations and solutions of ammonia containing not more than
10%, weight in weight, of ammonia;
Refrigeration equipment;
Photographic and plan developers;
Hair colour dyes;
Perm lotions;
Smelling bottles.

Ammonium chlorate
Anionic surface active agents

Antimony pentachloride
Antimony trihydride

Preparations containing less than 5% by weight of anionic surface


active agents;
Preparations containing anionic surface active agents which are
not less than 90% biodegradable under a test carried out in
accordance with that part of the OECD method which is referred
to as Confirmatory Test Procedure in European Communities
Council Directive No. 73/405/EEC (C) or other equivalent test
methods acceptable to the Director.
Polishes

29

SS 593 : 2013

Substance

Arsenical substances, the following:


Arsenic acid
Arsenic sulphide
Arsenic trichloride
Arsine
Calcium arsenite
Copper arsenate
Copper arsenite
Lead arsenate
Organic compounds of arsenic
Oxides of arsenic
Potassium arsenite
Sodium arsenate
Sodium arsenite
Sodium thioarsenate
Asbestos in the form of crocidolite,
actinolite, anthophyllite, amosite,
tremolite, chrysotile and amphiboles
and products containing these forms of
asbestos
Boric acid; Sodium borate

Hazardous substances

Exclusion

Pyrites ores or sulphuric acid containing arsenical poisons as


natural impurities; Animal feeding stuffs containing not more than
0.005%, weight in weight, of 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl-arsonic acid
and
not
containing
any
other
arsenical
poison;
Animal feeding stuffs containing not more than 0.01%, weight in
weight, of arsanilic acid and not containing any other arsenical
poison;
Animal feeding stuffs containing not more than 0.0375%, weight
in weight, of carbarsone and not containing any other arsenical
poison.

Asbestos in the form of chrysotile in any vehicle brake or clutch


st
lining installed in any vehicle registered before 1 April 1995.

Boric acid or sodium borate in medicinal preparations, cosmetics,


toilet preparations and substances being preparations intended
for human consumption;
Preparations containing boric acid or sodium borate or a
combination of both where water or solvent is not the only other
part of the composition.

Boron tribromide
Boron trichloride
Boron trifluoride
Bromine; Bromine solutions
Cadmium-containing silver brazing alloy
Captafol
Carbamates

Benomyl;
Carbendazim;
Chlorpropham;
Propham;
Thiophanate-methyl;
Preparations containing not more than 1%, weight in weight, of
propoxur and not containing any other carbamate;

Carbon monoxide

Preparations containing not more than 1%, weight in weight, of


methomyl and not containing any other carbamate.
Gas mixtures containing carbon monoxide weighing less than 1
metric tonne;
Gas mixtures containing carbon monoxide as by-products from
combustion activities.

Carbon tetrafluoride
Chlorinated hydrocarbons, the following:
Aldrin
Benzene hexachloride (BHC)
Bromocyclen
Camphechlor
Chlorbenside

Paper impregnated with not more than 0.3%, weight in weight, of


benzene hexachloride or gamma - BHC provided it is labelled with
directions that no food, wrapped or unwrapped, or food utensils
are to be placed on the treated paper, and that it is not to be used
where food is prepared or served.

30

SS 593 : 2013

Substance

Hazardous substances

Chlorbicyclen
Chlordane
Chlordecone
Chlordimeform
Chlorfenethol
Chlorfenson
Chlorfensulphide
Chlorobenzilate
Chloropropylate
Dicophane (DDT)
pp'-DDT
Dicofol
Dieldrin
Endosulfan
Endrin
Fenazaflor
Fenson
Fluorbenzide
Gamma benzene hexachloride (Gamma
- BHC), also known as lindane
HCH (mixed isomers)
HEOD [1,2,3,4,10,10-hexachloro-6,7epoxy-1,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a- octahydro-1, 4
(exo): 5,8 (endo)-dimethano
naphthalene]

Exclusion

HHDN [1,2,3,4,10,10-hexachloro1,4,4a,5,8,8a-hexahydro-1,4 (exo):5,8


(endo)-dimethano naphthalene]
Heptachlor
Hexachloroethane
Isobenzan
Isodrin
Kelevan
Methoxychlor [1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-di-(pmethoxyphenyl) ethane]
Mirex
Tetrachlordiphenylethane
[TDE; 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis (pchlorophenyl) ethane]
Tetradifon
Tetrasul
Toxaphene
Allied chlorinated hydrocarbon
compounds used as pesticides
(insecticides, acaricides, etc.)
Chlorine
Chlorine trifluoride
Chlorobenzenes, the following:

Chlorine used for chlorination of water in swimming pools

Monochlorobenzene
Meta-dichlorobenzene
Ortho-dichlorobenzene
Trichlorobenzene
Tetrachlorobenzene
Pentachlorobenzene
Hexachlorobenzene

31

SS 593 : 2013

Substance

Chlorophenols, the following:


Monochlorophenol
Dichlorophenol
Trichlorophenol
Tetrachlorophenol
Pentachlorophenol and its salts and
esters
Chlorophenoxyacids; their salts, esters,
amines, which include but are not
limited to -

Hazardous substances

Exclusion

Substances containing not more than 1%, weight in weight, of


chlorophenols.

2,4,5-T and its salts and esters


Chloropicrin
Chlorosilanes, the following:
Hexachlorodisilane
Phenyltrichlorosilane
Tetrachlorosilane
Chlorosulphonic acid
Chromic acid

Cyanides

Substances containing not more than 9%, weight in weight, of


chromic acid;
Photographic solutions containing chromic acid in individual
containers containing not more than 15 kilograms each of such
solutions and of aggregate weight of not more than 500 kilograms
of such solutions.
Ferrocyanides;
Ferricyanides;
Acetonitrile;
Acrylonitrile;
Butyronitrile;
2-Dimethylaminoacetonitrile;
Isobutyronitrile;
Methacrylonitrile;
Propionitrile.

Diborane
Dibromochloropropane
Diethyl sulphate
Dinitro-ortho-cresol (DNOC)and its salts
(such as ammonium salt, potassium salt
and sodium salt)
Dinosam; its compounds with a metal or
a base
Dinoseb and its salts and esters, which
includes but is not limited to Binapacryl
Diquat; its salts
Drazoxolon; its salts
Dustable powder formulations
containing a combination of

Dressings on seeds.

Benomyl at or above 7 percent,


carbofuran at above 10 percent, thiram
at or above 15 percent.

32

SS 593 : 2013

Substance

Hazardous substances

Endothal; its salts


Epichlorohydrin
Ethyl mercaptan

Ethylene dichloride
Ethylene imine
Ethylene oxide

Ferric chloride
Fipronil
Fluorine
Fluoroacetamide
Formaldehyde

Formic acid
Germane
Hydrazine anhydrous; Hydrazine
aqueous solutions
Hydrochloric acid
Hydrofluoric acid
Hydrogen chloride
Hydrogen cyanide; Hydrocyanic acid

Exclusion

Substances containing less than 1%, weight in weight, of ethyl


mercaptan

Mixtures of inert gases and ethylene oxide comprising not more


than 12%, weight in weight, of ethylene oxide contained in
cylinders of water capacity less than 47 litres and for aggregate of
not more than 3 numbers of such cylinders.
Formulated products containing Fipronil approved for household
use and belonging to the WHO class IV hazards.

Substances containing not more than 5%, weight in weight, of


formaldehyde;
Photographic glazing or hardening solutions.
Substances containing not more than 5%, weight in weight, of
formic acid.

Substances containing not more than 9%, weight in weight, of


hydrochloric acid.
Preparations or solutions containing not more than 2%, weight in
weight, of hydrofluoric acid.
Preparations of wild cherry;
In reagent kits supplied for medical or veterinary purposes,
substances containing less than the equivalent of 0.1%, weight in
weight, of hydrocyanic acid.

Hydrogen fluoride
Hydrogen selenide
Isocyanates

Polyisocyanates containing less than 0.7%, weight in weight, of


free monomeric diisocyanates;
Pre-polymerised isocyanates in polyurethane paints and lacquers;

Lead compounds in paint

Hardeners and bonding agents for immediate use in adhesives.


Lead compounds in paint in which the lead content is not more
than 0.06% by weight of the paint;
Lead compounds in paint in which the container is affixed with an
appropriate label.
The labels to be used for paints containing lead compounds are in
accordance with Part IV of the Second Schedule.

Lead tetra-ethyl and similar lead


containing compounds in petrol intended
for use in Singapore as fuel for motor
vehicles
Mercury compounds including inorganic
mercury compounds, alkyl mercury
compounds, alkyloxyalkyl and

33

SS 593 : 2013

Substance

aryl mercury compounds, and other


organic compounds of mercury
Mercury and its compounds in batteries

Mercury in fluorescent lamps (primarily


for lighting purposes)
Metanil yellow (sodium salt of
metanilylazo-diphenylamine)
Methyl chloride
Methyl mercaptan

Hazardous substances

Exclusion

Batteries other than mercury oxide batteries, zinc carbon batteries


containing more than 0.001% by weight of mercury per cell and
alkaline batteries, except those in button form, containing more
than 0.025% by weight of mercury per cell.
Compact fluorescent lamps containing mercury not exceeding 5
mg;
Linear or circular fluorescent lamps containing mercury not
exceeding 10 mg.
Dye-indicators used in laboratories.

Substances containing less than 1%, weight in weight, of methyl


mercaptan.

Monomethyltetrachloro diphenyl
methane
Monomethyl-dichloro-diphenyl methane
Monomethyl-dibromodiphenyl methane
Neonicotinoid compounds used as
pesticides, the following :
Imidacloprid
Niclofolan
Nicotine sulphate
Nitric acid
Nitric oxide
Nitrobenzene

Formulated products containing Imidacloprid approved


household use and belonging to the WHO class IV hazards.

for

Substances containing not more than 9%, weight in weight, of


nitric acid.
Substances containing less than 0.1%, weight in weight, of
nitrobenzene;
Soaps containing less than 1%, weight in weight, of nitrobenzene;
Polishes and cleansing agents.

Nitrogen trifluoride
Ozone depleting substances, namely:

Products containing any ozone depleting substance other than


the following products:

(a) Chlorofluorocarbons, the following:

(a)

in the case of chlorofluorocarbons

Chloroheptafluoropropane
Chloropentafluoroethane
Chlorotrifluoromethane
Dichlorodifluoromethane
Dichlorohexafluoropropane
Dichlorotetrafluoroethane
Heptachlorofluoropropane
Hexachlorodifluoropropane
Pentachlorofluoroethane
Pentachlorotrifluoropropane
Tetrachlorodifluoroethane
Tetrachlorotetrafluoropropane
Trichlorofluoromethane
Trichloropentafluoropropane
Trichlorotrifluoroethane

(i)

air-conditioners in vehicles registered on or after 1


January 1995 or intended for such vehicles;

(ii)

equipment for domestic or commercial refrigeration or air


st
conditioning installed on or after 1 January 1993, or heat
pump equipment, which contains any chlorofluorocarbon
substance as a refrigerant or in any insulating material of
such equipment;

(iii)

refrigerators that have a compressor rating which exceeds


one horsepower;

(iv)

non-pharmaceutical aerosol products;

(v)

insulation boards, panels or pipe covers;

34

st

SS 593 : 2013

Substance

Hazardous substances

Exclusion

(b) Halons, the following:

(vi)

polystyrene sheets or finished products;

Bromochlorodifluoromethane
Bromochloromethane
Bromotrifluoromethane
Dibromotetrafluoroethane

(b)

in the case of Halons, portable fire extinguishers; and

(c)

in the case of bromotrifluoromethane, fire protection


th
systems with building plans approved after 17 June 1991
st
and installed after 31 December 1991.

(c) Hydrochlorofluorocarbons, the


following:
1,1-dichloro-1-fluoro-ethane
1,1-dichloro-2,2,3,3,3pentafluoropropane
1,3-dichloro-1,2,2,3,3pentafluoropropane
1-chloro-1,1-difluoro-ethane
Chlorodifluoroethane
Chlorodifluoromethane
Chlorodifluoropropane
Chlorofluoroethane
Chlorofluoromethane
Chlorofluoropropane
Chlorohexafluoropropane
Chloropentafluoropropane
Chlorotetrafluoroethane
Chlorotetrafluoropropane
Chlorotrifluoroethane
Chlorotrifluoropropane
Dichlorodifluoroethane
Dichlorodifluoropropane
Dichlorofluoroethane
Dichlorofluoromethane
Dichlorofluoropropane
Dichloropentafluoropropane
Dichlorotetrafluoropropane
Dichlorotrifluoroethane
Dichlorotrifluoropropane
Hexachlorofluoropropane
Pentachlorodifluoropropane
Pentachlorofluoropropane
Tetrachlorodifluoropropane
Tetrachlorofluoroethane
Tetrachlorofluoropropane
Tetrachlorotrifluoropropane
Trichlorodifluoroethane
Trichlorodifluoropropane
Trichlorofluoroethane
Trichlorofluoropropane
Trichlorotetrafluoropropane
Trichlorotrifluoropropane
(d) Hydrobromofluorocarbons, the
following:
Bromodifluoroethane
Bromodifluoromethane
Bromodifluoropropane
Bromofluoroethane
Bromofluoromethane
Bromofluoropropane
Bromohexafluoropropane

35

SS 593 : 2013

Substance

Hazardous substances

Bromopentafluoropropane
Bromotetrafluoroethane
Bromotetrafluoropropane
Bromotrifluoroethane
Bromotrifluoropropane
Dibromodifluoroethane
Dibromodifluoropropane
Dibromofluoroethane
Dibromofluoromethane
Dibromofluoropropane
Dibromopentafluoropropane
Dibromotetrafluoropropane
Dibromotrifluoroethane
Dibromotrifluoropropane
Hexabromofluoropropane
Pentabromodifluoropropane
Pentabromofluoropropane
Tetrabromodifluoropropane
Tetrabromofluoroethane
Tetrabromofluoropropane
Tetrabromotrifluoropropane
Tribromodifluoroethane
Tribromodifluoropropane
Tribromofluoroethane
Tribromofluoropropane
Tribromotetrafluoropropane
Tribromotrifluoropropane

Exclusion

(e) Carbon tetrachloride


(f) 1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl
chloroform)
(g) Methyl bromide
Oleum
Orange II [sodium salt of p-(2-hydroxy-1- Dye-indicators used in laboratories
naphthylazo) benzenesulphonic acid]
Organic peroxides
Car puttys;
Substances and preparations containing not more than 3%,
weight in weight, of organic peroxides;
Solutions of not more than 60%, weight in weight, of methyl ethyl
ketone peroxides and total aggregate weight of less than 50
kilograms of such solutions.
Organo-tin compounds, the following:
Compounds of fentin
Cyhexatin
Tributyl tin compounds
Paraquat; its salts
Perchloromethyl mercaptan

Preparation in pellet form containing not more than 5%, weight in


weight, of salts of paraquat ion.
Substances containing less than 1%, weight in weight, of
perchloromethyl mercaptan

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)

36

SS 593 : 2013

Substance

Hazardous substances

Exclusion

Phenols, the following:


Catechol

Preparations containing less than 1%, weight in weight, of


phenols;

Cresol

Phenols which are intended for the treatment of human ailments


and other medical purposes;

Hydroquinone
Octyl phenol
Phenol
Resorcinol

Soaps for washing;


Tar (coal or wood), crude or refined;
Photographic solutions containing hydroquinone in individual
containers containing not more than 15 kilograms each of such
solutions and of aggregate weight of not more than 500 kilograms
of such solutions.

Phosgene
Phosphides
Phosphine
Phosphoric acid

Substances containing not more than 50%, weight in weight, of


phosphoric acid.
Phosphorus compounds used as
Acephate;
pesticides (insecticides, acaricides, etc.), Bromophos;
which includes but is not limited to :
Iodofenphos;
Malathion;
Methamidophos
Pirimiphos-methyl;
Methyl-parathion
Temephos;
Monocrotophos
Tetrachlorvinphos;
Parathion
Trichlorfon;
Phosphamidon
Preparations containing not more than 0.5%, weight in weight, of
chlorpyrifos and not containing any other phosphorus compound;
Preparations containing not more than 0.5%, weight in weight, of
dichlorvos and not containing any other phosphorus compound;
Materials impregnated with dichlorvos and not containing any
other phosphorus compound for slow release;
Preparations containing not more than 1%, weight in weight, of
azamethiphos and not containing any other phosphorus
compound.
Phosphorus oxybromide
Phosphorus oxychloride
Phosphorus pentabromide
Phosphorus pentachloride
Phosphorus pentafluoride
Phosphorus trichloride
Polybrominated biphenyls
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers
(PBDEs), the following :
Penta-brominated diphenyl ether
Octa-brominated diphenyl ether
Deca-brominated diphenyl ether
Polychlorinated biphenyls
Polychlorinated terphenyls

37

SS 593 : 2013

Substance

Potassium hydroxide

Hazardous substances

Exclusion

Substances containing not more than 17%, weight in weight, of


potassium hydroxide;
Accumulators;
Batteries.

Prochloraz
Pyrethroid compounds used as
pesticides, the following :
Fenvalerate
Sodium azide
Sodium hydroxide

Sulphur in diesel intended for use in


Singapore as fuel for motor vehicles or
industrial plants
Sulphur tetrafluoride
Sulphur trioxide
Sulphuric acid

Formulated products containing Fenvalerate approved for


household use and belonging to the WHO Class IV hazards.
Air bag devices in motor vehicles.
Substances containing not more than 17%, weight in weight, of
sodium hydroxide;
Made-up formulated preparations either liquid or solid for
biochemical tests.
Sulphur in diesel in which the sulphur content is 0.005% or less
by weight.

Substances containing not more than 9%, weight in weight, of


sulphuric acid;
Accumulators;
Batteries;
Fire extinguishers;
Photographic developers containing not more than 20%, weight in
weight, of sulphuric acid.

Sulphuryl chloride
Sulphuryl fluoride
Tetraethyl lead, tetramethyl lead and
similar lead containing compounds
Thallium; its salts
Titanium tetrachloride
Tris (2, 3-dibromo-l-propyl) phosphate
Tungsten hexafluoride

38

SS 593 : 2013

F.2

General exemptions (from the list of hazardous substances under F.1)

Adhesives;
Anti-fouling compositions;
Anti-fouling compositions other than those containing tributyl tin compounds as defined in this List;
Builders' materials other than those containing asbestos as defined in this List;
Ceramics;
Distempers;
Electrical valves;
Enamels;
Explosives;
Fillers;
Fireworks;
Glazes;
Glue;
Inks;
Lacquer solvents;
Loading materials;
Matches;
Motor fuels and lubricants except diesel oil and petrol;
Paints other than paints containing mercury compounds, paints containing lead compounds and
paints containing asbestos as defined in this List;
Pharmaceutical aerosols
Photographic paper;
Pigments other than those containing tributyl tin compounds as defined in this List;
Plastics;
Propellants other than those containing ozone depleting substances;
Rubber;
Varnishes;
Vascular plants and their seeds.

39

SS 593 : 2013

Annex G

(normative)

List of toxic industrial wastes


NOTE Refer to the Environmental Public Health (Toxic Industrial Wastes) Regulations for the current list of toxic
industrial wastes

List of toxic industrial wastes


Acids
1. Spent inorganic acids
Eg. hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, boric acid and pickling
acid
2. Spent organic acids
Eg. acetic acid, formic acid, benzoic acid and sulphonic acid
Alkalis
1. Spent alkaline solutions
2. Spent ammoniacal solutions
3. Metal hydroxide sludges and oxide sludges
Antimony and its compounds
1. Spent antimony potassium tartrate
Arsenic and its compounds
1. Timber preservative residues containing arsenic
2. Wastes containing gallium arsenide
Asbestos
1. Asbestos wastes from asbestos/cement manufacturing processes
2. Empty sacks/bags which have contained loose asbestos fibre
3. Asbestos wastes generated from industrial activity, demolition, renovation and delagging works and ship
repairing
Cadmium and its compounds
1. Plating effluents and residues containing cadmium
2. Wastes containing cadmium from Ni/Cd battery manufacturing
Chromium compounds
1. Plating effluents and residues containing chromium
2. Timber preservative residues containing chromium
3. Spent and aqueous solutions containing chromium compounds
4. Tannery effluents and residues containing chromium
Copper compounds
1. Plating effluents and residues containing copper
2. Spent etching solutions containing copper from printed circuit board manufacturing
3. Timber preservative residues containing copper
Cyanides
1. Plating effluents and residues containing cyanides
2. Heat treatment residues containing cyanides
3. Spent quenching oils containing cyanides
4. Spent processing solutions containing cyanides from photographic processing
Fluoride compound
1. Timber preservative residues containing fluorides
2. Spent ammonium bi-fluoride
Isocyanates
1. Spent di-isocyanates
Eg. toluene di-isocyanate (TDI) and methylene di-isocyanate (MDI) from polyurethane
process

40

foam-making

SS 593 : 2013

List of toxic industrial wastes


Laboratory wastes
1. Obsolete laboratory chemicals
2. Toxic chemical wastes from chemical analysis
Lead compounds
1. Ash, residues and sludges containing lead and lead compounds
2. Spent organo-lead compounds
Eg. tetraethyllead (TEL) and tetramethyllead (TML)
3. Waste lead-acid batteries, whole or crushed
Mercury and its compounds
1. Effluents, residues or sludges containing mercury from chlor-alkali industry
2. Wastes containing mercury from equipment manufacturing involving the use of metal mercury
3. Spent catalysts from chemical processes containing mercury
4. Spent organo-mercury compounds
Metal catalysts
1. Spent metal catalysts from chemical processes and petroleum refining
Eg. catalysts containing chromium and cobalt
Nickel compounds
1. Plating effluents and residues containing nickel
Organic compounds containing halogen
1. Spent halogenated organic solvents
e.g. trichloroethylene, 111-trichloroethane, perchloro-ethylene, methylene chloride, tetra-chloromethane
and 112-trichloro-122-trifluoroethane
2. Residues from recovery of halogenated organic solvents
3. Packaging materials or residues containing chloro- benzenes and/or chlorophenols and their salts
Organic Compounds not containing halogen
1. Spent non-halogenated organic solvents
e.g. benzene, toluene, xylene, turpentine, petroleum, thinner, kerosene, methanol, ethanol, isobutanol, isopropanol, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, isopropyl ether, diethyl ether, hexane, dimethyl
sulphide and dimethyl sulphoxide
2. Residues from recovery of non-halogenated organic solvents
Organotin compounds
1. Sludges, residues, effluents and spent blasting grit generated from removal of paints containing organotin
compounds
Other wastes
1. Obsolete/abandoned chemicals and pesticides from storage, manufacturing and trading activities
2. Used containers, bags and process equipment contaminated by chemicals and pesticides from storage,
manufacturing and trading activities
3. Wastes/residues containing unreacted monomers, eg. vinyl chloride and styrene monomers, from polymer
manufacturing processes
4. Tar residues from distilling and tarry materials from refining
5. Wastes from toxic waste treatment processes Eg. wastes and residues from solidification, fixation and
incineration processes
6. Wastes from toxic chemical drums and tank cleaning activities
7. Chemical and oil slops from ship tankers
8. Wastes from the production, formulation and use of resins, latex, plasticisers, glues/adhesives containing
solvents and other contaminants
9. Wastes from the production, formulation and use of inks, dyes, pigments, paints, lacquers, varnish
containing organic solvents, heavy metals or biocides
10. Solid wastes and sludges or obsolete/off specification materials not categorised elsewhere in the Schedule
and failing the relevant authoritys landfill disposal criteria
Pathogenic wastes
1. Pathogenic wastes from hospitals
2. Pathogenic wastes from healthcare and research institutions, clinics and laboratories

41

SS 593 : 2013

List of toxic industrial wastes


Pharmaceutical wastes
1. Pharmaceutical wastes comprising antineoplastic agents, antibiotics, vaccines and other immunological
products, controlled drugs under the Misuse of Drugs Act (Cap. 185) and pharmaceutical wastes
containing arsenics, cyanides and heavy metals and their salts
Phenolic compounds
1. Sludges/residues from paint stripping using chemicals containing phenols
2. Residues containing unreacted phenol and formaldehyde from adhesive industry
Polychlorinated bi-phenyl (PCB) including poly-chlorinated ter-phenyl (PCT)
1. Spent transformer oil containing PCB and/or PCT
2. Retrofilled transformer contaminated with PCB and/or PCT
3. Electrical equipment and parts containing or contaminated with PCB and/or PCT
Eg. Capacitors and transformers
4. Containers and all waste materials contaminated with PCB and/or PCT
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
1. All waste materials containing PVC
Eg. PVC insulated wires, PVC pipes and trunking, PVC parts, PVC upholstery and PVC resins
Silver compounds
1. Spent processing solutions containing silver from photographic processing
Used, contaminated oil
1. Used mineral, lubricating and hydraulic oil from machine cylinders, turbines, switch gears and transformers
2. Spent motor oils from petrol and diesel engines
3. Spent quenching oil from metal hardening
4. Oil recovered from solvent degreasers
5. Spent oil water emulsions
Eg. Spent coolants from metal working industries
6. Oil water mixtures (mainly oil)
Eg. Oily ballast water from ship tankers
7. Oil and sludge from oil interceptors
8. Tankers sludges and oil sludges/residues from storage tanks
9. Oil sludges containing acid from recovery and recycling of used oil
Zinc compounds
1. Plating effluents and residues containing zinc

42

SS 593 : 2013

Annex H

(normative)

Allowable limits for trade effluent discharged


into a public sewer/watercourse/controlled watercourse as
specified in the EPMA, SDA and their Regulations
NOTE Refer to the respective Regulations for the current allowable limits.

Items of analysis

Public sewer

Watercourse

Controlled
watercourse

(Units in milligram per litre or otherwise stated)


1

Temperature of
discharge

Colour

pH Value

45C
Please refer to Bibliography for
further information.

45C

7 Lovibond Units 7 Lovibond Units


69

6-9

BOD (5 days at 20C)

50

20

COD

100

60

Total suspended
solids

50

30

Total dissolved solids

1000

Chloride
(as chloride ion)

250

Sulphate
(as SO4)

200

10 Sulphide
(as sulphur)

0.2

0.2

11 Cyanide
(as CN)

0.1

0.1

12 Detergents (linear
alkylate sulphonate as
methylene blue active
substances)

15

10 (Total)
10
(Hydrocarbons)

1 (Total)

14 Arsenic

0.1

0.01

15 Barium

16 Tin

10

18 Beryllium

0.5

19 Boron

0.5

20 Manganese

0.5

13 Grease and oil

17 Iron (as Fe)

43

SS 593 : 2013

Items of analysis

Public sewer

Watercourse

Controlled
watercourse

(Units in milligram per litre or otherwise stated)


21 Phenolic compounds
(expressed as phenol)

0.2

Nil

22 *Cadmium

0.1

0.003

0.05

24 *Copper

0.1

0.1

25 *Lead

0.1

0.1

26 *Mercury

0.05

0.001

0.1

28 *Selenium

0.5

0.01

29 *Silver

0.1

0.1

30 *Zinc

0.5

31 *Metals in total

0.5

32 Chlorine (Free)

33 Phosphate (as PO4)

34 Calcium (as Ca)

150

35 Magnesium (as Mg)

150

36 Nitrate (as NO3)

20

23 *Chromium (trivalent
and hexavalent)

27 *Nickel

NOTE * Where 2 or more of the metals listed in the table are present in the trade effluent, the total
concentration of the metals shall not exceed 1 and 0.5 milligrams per litre for discharge into a watercourse and a
controlled watercourse respectively.

The trade effluent discharged into any watercourse shall not contain any of the following substances:
(1)

radioactive material;

(2)

any pesticide, fungicide, herbicide, insecticide, rodenticide or fumigant;

(3)

refuse, garbage, sawdust, timber, human or animal waste or solid matter;

(4)

petroleum or other inflammable solvent; or .

(5)

a substance that either by itself or in combination or by reaction with other waste or refuse
may give rise to any gas, fume, or odour or substance which is or is likely to be a hazard to
human life, a public nuisance, injurious or otherwise objectionable.

The trade effluent shall be analysed in accordance with the latest edition of 'Standard Methods for the
Examination of Water and Wastewater' published jointly by the American Water Works Association
and the Water Pollution Control Federation of the United States.

44

SS 593 : 2013

Annex I

(informative)

Example of trade effluent sampling sump design

45

SS 593 : 2013

Annex J

(informative)

Guidelines on continuous on-line pH monitoring and effluent


discharge control at last inspection chamber of factory
1)

Continuous pH monitoring and effluent discharge control shall be carried out at the last
inspection chamber before the discharge enters a public sewer.

2)

A concrete hump of not more than 50 mm (vertical height) shall be constructed across the
flow channel of the last inspection chamber to maintain effluent in the channel when there is
no effluent discharge.

3)

A chemical resistant pH probe (range of 0-14) shall be installed in the channel upstream of
the hump. The pH probe shall detect/monitor the pH value of the discharge. The probe shall
be positioned firmly such that the tip of the probe is constantly in contact with the liquid in the
channel. It shall also be easily lifted out of the chamber and repositioned back without the
need to go down the chamber. An auto flushing system using water or compressed air shall
be provided to prevent any fouling or clogging of the sensor of the pH probe.

4)

The cable of the pH probe shall be laid in a heavy duty PVC conduit. The mountings for the
pH probe inside the last inspection chamber shall be of corrosion resistant materials.

5)

A pH recorder chart (range of 0-14) shall be provided to record the pH value detected as well
as to record the 'open' and 'close' position of the penstock. The pH value shall be recorded on
a chart which can be continuously operated for a month.

6)

A penstock with an electrically operated actuator shall be installed at the inlet to the last
inspection chamber. If a pneumatic actuator is used, the air/gas supply shall be tapped from a
cylinder. The actuator shall be linked to a pH controller and the record chart. A limit switch to
indicate the 'open' or 'close' position of the penstock shall be incorporated. The switch shall be
linked directly to the recorder chart. The setting of the actuator shall be such that the penstock
remains open as long as the pH value varies within the allowable limit of 6 to 9. Exceeding the
limit, the pH controller shall activate the actuator to close the penstock.

7)

The pH meter, recorder with alarm and penstock actuator shall be operated either on AC or
DC supply. However, the system should incorporate a power backup such that during power
failure/interruption, the backup shall continue to operate the pH meter and recorder for a
period of five hours and the actuator, if necessary. During normal operation, power shall be
supplied from the AC main to operate the monitoring instrument and charge the power pack
simultaneously.

8)

An instrument panel (weather-proof) shall be provided to house:


a)

pH meter cum controller (range of 0 - 14);

b)

pH chart recorder (range of 0 - 14);

c)

Alarm - audible type;

d)

Power pack (rechargeable batteries);

e)

AC/DC converter;

f)

Air/gas cylinder, if any; and

g)

Resetting switch/button for the actuation of the penstock


46

SS 593 : 2013

9)

The door of the instrument panel shall be provided with a glass or plastic window for viewing
the pH recorder chart.

10)

Wherever appropriate, the instrument panel shall be located near or within the guard house.

11)

Means to seal the instrument panel and the last inspection chamber cover shall be provided.

47

SS 593 : 2013

Annex K

(informative)

Example of pH monitoring cum effluent discharge control system

48

SS 593 : 2013

Annex L

(normative)

Guidelines for leak test


A leak test should be conducted before an underground tank is put into use. The leak test should
conform to the following guidelines:

The leak test method should be able to measure a leak rate of at least 0.19 litre per hour, and
be capable of testing the entire tank system, including piping.

If the tank has a loss rate in excess of 0.19 litre per hour, the tank shall be considered to be
leaking.

The leak tests should be carried out in accordance with an established leak test method and
certified by professional engineers.

49

SS 593 : 2013

Annex M

(normative)

Guidelines for contingency plan


A contingency plan to deal with leaks from underground tanks should be approved by the relevant
authority. The contingency plan should include the following:

To appoint a competent party or person to deal with leaks from underground tanks;

To set up guidelines to activate the contingency plan i.e. who, when and how to contact
emergency coordinator, confirmation of leak, etc;

To inform the relevant authorities as soon as a leak is detected, especially if the


chemical/product is flammable or combustible;

To remove chemical/product from the tank to a temporary storage by the competent party or
person;

To remove the tank for inspection;

To remove the contaminated soil for proper disposal;

To carry out soil testing to ensure that all the pollutants have been removed; and

To repair or replace the tank and re-construct the secondary containment chamber if
necessary.

50

SS 593 : 2013

Annex N

(normative)

Guidelines for storage of hazardous substances


Fe

Ex

Fh

Gh

Fa

Tx

Ra

Gp

Ox

Xn

Fe

Ex

Fh

Gh

Fa

Tx

Ra

Gp

Ox

Xn

O
+

Joint storage not allowed.


Joint storage allowed under observation of specific precautions.
Joint storage allowed

51

SS 593 : 2013

Classification of substances
Fire Hazard Categories
Abbreviation

Hazard Class

Description

Fe

Class 4

Combustible substances

Fa

Class 4.2

Substances liable to spontaneous combustion

Fh

Class 4.3

Substances which give off combustible gases on contact


with water

Gp

Class 2

Combustible and non-combustible gases under pressure


incl. aerosol cans

Ox

Class 5

Substances acting as oxidising agents or sources of oxygen

Ex

Class 1

Explosive substances

Personal Hazard Categories


Tx

Class 6

Substances which can cause death or serious damage to


health

Gh

Class 6

Substances which give off poisonous or foul smelling gases


on contact with water

Xn

Class 8

Substances which are a health hazard (including irritating


and corrosive substances)

Ra

Class 7

Radioactive substances

52

SS 593 : 2013

Annex O

(normative)

Retention basin for spent fire-fighting water for warehouse storing


hazardous substances
Floor area
(m2)

Average fire-fighting
water used
2
(l/m min)

Retention of spent
fire-fighting water
3
2
(m /m )

Total volume of
retention required
3
(m )

WO WS
With WS

3.3
3.3

0.1
0.1

5
5

100

WO WS
With WS

6.6
6.6

0.2
0.2

20
20

150

WO WS
With WS

8.8
8.8

0.4
0.4

60
60

200

WO WS
With WS

10.0
10.0

0.6
0.6

120
120

300

WO WS
With WS

7.7
6.6

0.7
0.4

210
120

400

WO WS
With WS

6.6
5.0

0.8
0.3

320
120

500

WO WS
With WS

6.0
4.0

0.9
0.25

450
120

600

WO WS
With WS

5.8
3.3

1.0
0.2

600
120

800

WO WS
With WS

5.6
2.5

1.2
0.15

960
120

1000

WO WS
With WS

5.4
2.0

1.4
0.12

1400
120

1200

WO WS
With WS

5.2
1.7

1.5
0.1

1800
120

1600

WO WS
With WS

5.0
1.3

1.5
0.075

2400
120

>1600 WO WS
With WS

5.0
1.3

1.5
0.075

To be calculated
120

WO WS = Without Water Sprinklers.


With WS = With Water Sprinklers.
NOTE 1 The retention volume does not include materials leaked out from containers and rainwater.
NOTE 2 The fire compartment shall comply with the fire resistance rating requirements stipulated in the latest
SCDFs Fire Code.

53

SS 593 : 2013

Annex P

(informative)

Example of dilution tank design

54

SS 593 : 2013

Annex Q

(normative)

Standards of concentration of air impurities as specified in the


Environmental Protection and Management Act and its Regulations
NOTE Refer to the Environmental Protection and Management (Air Impurities) Regulations for the
current emission standards

Substance

1
2
3

Ammonia and
ammonium compounds
Antimony and its
compounds
Arsenic and its
compounds

Benzene

Cadmium and its


compounds

Carbon monoxide

Chlorine

Copper and its


compounds

Trade, industry, process,


fuel burning equipment or
industrial plant
Any trade, industry or
process
Any trade, industry or
process
Any trade, industry or
process
Any trade, industry or
process
Any trade, industry or
process
Any trade, industry, process
or fuel burning process
Any trade, industry or
process
Any trade, industry or
process

Emission limits
3

76 mg/Nm expressed as
ammonia
3
5 mg/Nm expressed as
antimony
3
1 mg/Nm expressed as
arsenic
5 mg/Nm

3
3

3 mg/Nm expressed as
cadmium
625 mg/Nm
32 mg/Nm

5 mg/Nm3 expressed as
copper
i 1.0 ng TEQ/Nm3 for waste
incinerators commissioned
before 1st Jan 2001

Dioxins and furans

Any waste incinerator

10

Ethylene oxide

Any trade, industry or


process

5 mg/Nm

11

Fluorine, hydrofluoric
acid or inorganic
fluorine compounds

Any trade, industry or


process

50 mg/Nm expressed as
hydrofluoric acid

12

Formaldehyde

13

Hydrogen chloride

14

Hydrogen sulphide

15
16

Lead and its


compounds
Mercury and its
compounds

Any trade, industry or


process
Any trade, industry or
process
Any trade, industry or
process
Any trade, industry or
process
Any trade, industry or
process
55

ii 0.1 ng TEQ/Nm3 for waste


incinerators commissioned on
or after 1st Jan 2001
3

20 mg/Nm

200 mg/Nm
7.6 mg/Nm

5 mg/Nm expressed as lead


3

3 mg/Nm expressed as
mercury

SS 593 : 2013

Substance

17

Oxides of nitrogen

Trade, industry, process,


fuel burning equipment or
industrial plant
Any trade, industry, process
or fuel burning equipment

Emission limits
3

700 mg/Nm expressed as


nitrogen dioxide
3

i 100 mg/Nm ; or

18

Particulate substances
including smoke, soot,
dust, ash, fly-ash,
cinders, cement, lime,
alumina, grit and other
solid particles of any
kind

19

Styrene monomer

20

Sulphur dioxide (noncombustion sources)

Any trade, industry, process,


fuel burning equipment or
industrial plant (except for
any cold blast foundry
cupolas)

Any trade, industry or


process
Any trade, industry or
process

ii where there is more than


one flue, duct or chimney in
any schedules premises, the
total mass of the particulate
emissions from all of such flue,
duct or chimney divided by the
total volume of such emissions
3
shall not exceed 100 mg/Nm
and the particulate emissions
from each of such flue, duct or
chimney shall not exceed 200
mg/Nm3 at any point in time.
100 mg/Nm

500 mg/Nm

3
3

500 mg/Nm expressed as


sulphur trioxide

Sulphur trioxide and


other acid gases

The manufacture of sulphuric


acid

22

Sulphur trioxide or
Sulphuric acid mist

Any trade, industry or


process, other than any
combustion process and any
plant involving the
manufacture of sulphuric acid

100 mg/Nm expressed as


sulphur trioxide

23

Vinyl chloride monomer

Any trade, industry or


process

20 mg/Nm

21

Effluent gases shall be free


from persistent mist.

NOTE The concentration of any substance specified in the first column emitted from any operation in any trade,
industry, process, fuel burning equipment or industrial plant specified in the second column shall not at any point
before admixture with air, smoke or other gases, exceed the limits specified in the third column.
"dioxins and furans" means polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF),
being tricyclic and aromatic compounds formed by 2 benzene rings which are connected by 2 oxygen atoms in
PCDD and by one oxygen atom in PCDF and the hydrogen atoms of which may be replaced by up to 8 chlorine
atoms;
"mg" means milligram;
"ng" means nanogram;
3

"Nm " means normal cubic metre, being that amount of gas which when dry, occupies a cubic metre at a
temperature of 0 degree Centigrade and at an absolute pressure of 760 millimetres of mercury;
"TEF" means Toxic Equivalency Factor;

56

SS 593 : 2013

"TEQ" means Toxic Equivalent, being the sum total of the concentrations of each of the dioxin and furan
compounds specified in the first column of the table below multiplied by their corresponding TEF specified in the
second column thereof:

Dioxin/Furan
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
1,2,3,7,8-Pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
1,2,3,4,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
1,2,3,6,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
1,2,3,7,8,9-Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
1,2,3,4,6,7,8-Heptachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
Octachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzofuran
1,2,3,7,8-Pentachlorodibenzofuran
2,3,4,7,8-Pentachlorodibenzofuran
1,2,3,4,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzofuran
1,2,3,6,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzofuran
1,2,3,7,8,9-Hexachlorodibenzofuran
2,3,4,6,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzofuran
1,2,3,4,6,7,8-Heptachlorodibenzofuran
1,2,3,4,7,8,9-Heptachlorodibenzofuran
Octachlorodibenzofuran

TEF
1
1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.01
0.0001
0.1
0.05
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.01
0.01
0.0001

57

SS 593 : 2013

Annex R

(normative)

Emission standards for special waste incinerators


Pollutants

Standards

Smoke ( Ringelmann Chart )

R0

Particulates

50 mg/Nm

Sulphur dioxide

200 mg/Nm

Hydrogen chloride

60 mg/Nm

Hydrogen fluoride

5 mg/Nm

Nitrogen oxide

400 mg/Nm

Carbon monoxide

100 mg/Nm

Mercury

0.05 mg/Nm

Cadmium

0.05 mg/Nm

Other heavy metals

0.5 mg/Nm

Dioxins / Furans

(i) 0.5 ng TEQ/Nm for special waste incinerators


commissioned before 1 January 2001.

3
3

3
3

(ii) 0.1 ng TEQ/Nm for special waste incinerators


commissioned on or after 1 January 2001

58

SS 593 : 2013

Annex S

(normative)

Polluting activities subject to site assessment


before change of use or rezoning
a)

Oil installations and other premises storing, handling and using large quantities of oils and
similar hydrocarbon products, including the following:

b)

Oil refineries;
Oil depots;
Petrochemical complexes;
Petrol stations and refueling depots;
Aircraft manufacture and repair industries; and
Motor repair workshops.

Chemical plants, chemical warehouses or terminals including the following:

Chemical warehouses or terminals;


Pharmaceutical/biomedical plants;
Pesticides formulation factories;
Wood treatment and preservation facilities;
Large electroplating works; and
Factories that use, manufacture or store toxic chemicals.

c)

Shipyards and grit blasting works;

d)

Gas works;

e)

Power stations;

f)

Toxic wastes treatment facilities;

g)

Scrap yards;

h)

Landfill site for municipal or industrial wastes; and

i)

Facilities for the treatment of sewage.

59

SS 593 : 2013

Annex T

(informative)

Standards and technical guidelines for assessment and


remediation of contaminated sites
1. Dutch Guidelines for Soil Protection
2. ASTM E 1527-00 Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I
Environmental Site Assessment Process.
3. ASTM E 1903-97 Standard Guide for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase II
Environmental Site Assessment Process.
4. ASTM E1739-95e1 Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action Applied at Petroleum
Release Sites.
5. Guidelines for Assessing and Managing Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contaminated Sites in New
Zealand

60

SS 593 : 2013

Annex U

(informative)

Listing of some approvals by the relevant authorities on pollution


control and other environmental matters

Clearance certificate for any building plan approval or industrial plant works requiring clearance
[Section 33(1) of EPMA]
Compliance certificate upon completion of the building or industrial plant works [Section 33(7) of
EPMA]
Industrial allocation clearance on the use of industrial premises
Occupy and use any industrial premises classified as Scheduled Premises [Section 6(1) of
EPMA]
Construct, maintain or operate a disposal facility for toxic industrial wastes [Section 23(1) of the
EPHA]
Carry on the business of a toxic industrial waste collector [Regn 9 of the EPH(TIW) Regulations]
Import, manufacture, process for sale, sell or offer for sale any hazardous substances [Section
22(1) of EPMA]
Use, keep or store of any hazardous substances [Regn 17(1) of the EPM(HS) Regulations]
Sell or supply of any hazardous substances [Regn 21(1) of the EPM(HS) Regulations]
Transport toxic industrial wastes exceeding specified quantities in [Regn _16(a) of the EPH(TIW)
Regulations]

61

SS 593 : 2013

Bibliography
Environmental Protection and Management Act, Cap 94A
Environmental Public Health Act, Cap 95
Sewerage and Drainage Act, Cap 294
Environmental Protection and Management (Air Impurities) Regulations
Environmental Protection and Management (Trade Effluent) Regulations
Environmental Protection and Management (Hazardous Substances) Regulations
Environmental Protection and Management (Boundary Noise Limits for Factory Premises) Regulations
Environmental Public Health (Toxic Industrial Waste) Regulations
Sewerage and Drainage (Trade Effluent) Regulations
URA Master Plan
th

Code of Practice on Surface Water Drainage 6 edition Dec 2011


Code of Practice on Sewerage and Sanitary Works 1st Edition - Mar 2000 with amendments under
addendum No.1- Feb 2001 and addendum No.2- Nov 2004
Guidelines for Assessing and Managing Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contaminated Sites in New Zealand.
Dutch Guidelines for Soil Protection http://international.vrom.nl/pagina.html?id=37604
Guidelines for Assessing and Managing Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contaminated Sites in New
Zealand http://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/hazardous/oil-guide-jun99/
PUB Requirements for Discharge of Trade Effluent into the Public
Sewers http://www.pub.gov.sg/general/documents/requirementsfordischargetosewer.doc

62

SS 593 : 2013

ABOUT SPRING SINGAPORE


SPRING Singapore is an agency under the Ministry of Trade and Industry responsible for helping
Singapore enterprises grow and building trust in Singapore products and services. As the national
standards and accreditation body, SPRING develops and promotes an internationally-recognised
standards and quality assurance infrastructure. SPRING also oversees the safety of general
consumer goods in Singapore. As the enterprise development agency, SPRING works with partners
to help enterprises in financing, capability and management development, technology and innovation,
and access to markets.
SPRING Singapore
1 Fusionopolis Walk
#01-02 South Tower, Solaris
Singapore 138628
Tel: 6278 6666
Fax: 6278 6667
E-mail: enterpriseone@spring.gov.sg
Website: http://www.spring.gov.sg

ABOUT THE NATIONAL STANDARDISATION PROGRAMME


Under the national standardisation programme, SPRING Singapore helps companies and industry to
meet international standards and conformity requirements by creating awareness of the importance of
standardisation to enhance competitiveness and improve productivity, co-ordinating the development
and use of Singapore Standards and setting up an information infrastructure to educate companies
and industry on the latest developments.
SPRING Singapore is vested with the authority to appoint a Standards Council to advise on the
preparation, publication and promulgation of Singapore Standards and Technical References and
their implementation.
Singapore Standards are in the form of specifications for materials and products, codes of practice,
methods of test, nomenclature, services, etc. The respective committee or working group will draw
up the standards before seeking final approval from the Standards Council or the relevant Standards
Committee. To ensure adequate representation of all viewpoints in the preparation of Singapore
Standards, all committees appointed consist of representatives from various interest groups which
include government agencies, professional bodies, tertiary institutions and consumer, trade and
manufacturing organisations.
Technical References are transition documents developed to help meet urgent industry demand for
specifications or requirements on a particular product, process or service in an area where there is an
absence of reference standards. Unlike Singapore Standards, they are issued for comments over a
period of two years before assessment on their suitability for approval as Singapore Standards. All
comments are considered when a technical reference is reviewed at the end of two years to
determine the feasibility of its transition to a Singapore Standard. Technical References can
therefore become Singapore Standards after two years, continue as Technical References for further
comments or be withdrawn.
In the international arena, SPRING Singapore represents Singapore in the International Organization
of Standardization (ISO), the Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) Sub-committee for
Standards and Conformance (SCSC) and in the ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standards and
Quality (ACCSQ).
The Singapore National Committee of the International Electrotechnical
Commission which is supported by SPRING Singapore, represents Singapore in the IEC.

63


The
Singapore Standardisation
Programme
is managed by

SPRING Singapore
1 Fusionopolis Walk,
#01-02
South Tower, Solaris

Singapore 138628

Tel
: +65 6278 6666
Fax : +65 6278 6667

www.spring.gov.sg