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ksjkg tlu u.

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yeÈkaùu
i ïnq ÿ foiq u weiq u g jvd l<hq ; = foa nyq , jQ
b.ekaùuls' Èkm;d Ôú;h ;=<§ wm úiska iïmQ¾K lrk
fndfyda foa fï ;= < wka ; ¾.; ù we;' hful= g ks j k
,nkak ´kkï ta i|yd m%dfhda.ls jev ms<fs j,la l%h
s d;aul
úh hq;=hs' l=ulao fï ksjk ,nk m%dfhda.sl jev ms<sfj,'
ta i|yd ;uhs fï fidhd ne,Su wms lrkafka'
nq ÿ oyu ls h ,d ls h ka f ka ys ; du;d fidhdn,d
úpdrmQ¾jlj ms<s.; hq;= b.ekaùula ñila" wúpdrd;aul
lrk ms<s.ekSula fkfjhs' fï nj b;du fyd¢ka m%;HlaI
ùug kï nqÿrcdKka jykafia foaYkdlrk O¾uh ms<sn|j
wjfndaO lr.ekSug W;aiql úh hq;=hs' ;u ;ukag ±fkk
jegfyk iSudjka ;=< b|f.k fï oyu Èyd ne,sh hq;=hs'
túg ;uhs fï oyfï m%dfhda.sl i;Hh ms<sn|j ksje/Èj
jegySu wmsg we;s jkafka'
nqoaO Y%djlhka f,i wms n,dfmdfrd;a;= jk wjidk
úuq l a ; s h ks ¾ jdKhhs ' ks ¾ jdK hka f ka woyi ;DIa K dj
ke;slsÍuhs' zzkSZZ hkq ke;s lsÍu hk w¾:h fok w;r
zzjkZZ jkq ;DIaKdjhs' hï ;ekl ;DIaKdj keoao t;k
ksjk we;' ksjk .ek úia;r lrk iEu ;eklu olskak
;s f hka f ka zzke;ZZ hk jpkh fhdodf.k lrk ,o
ú.%yhkah'
;DIa K dj ke;s ;ek ks j khs ' f,da N h ke;s ;ek
ksjkhs' ;ryd ke;s ;ek ksjkhs' udkh ke;s ;ek ksjkhs'
ffjrh" fl%daOh ke;s ;ek ksjkhs' udkakh ke;s ;ek
ksjkhs'
mGú" wdfmda " f;a f cda " jdfhda ke;s ;ek ks j khs '
wjldYh ke;s ;ek ksjkhs' úkHdkh ke;s ;ek ksjkhs'
fuf,i ksjk .ek myok úg fï ish,a,u ke;s ;ek
ksjk f,i lshuq' hfula wfmka weiqfjd;a fyd|hs fudkjo
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ksjfka ;sfhkafka lsh,d thg fokak we;a;gu ms<s;=rla
keye' iuyr fõ,djg wm lshkjd ksjfka iem ;sfhkjd
lsh,d' Bg jvd fyd| keoao ksjfka ÿl kE lsh,d lsõjyu
th ;ud ienEu i;Hh' ks j k hkq ú£ula fkdfõ hï
;ekl ú£ula ke;akï t;k fõokdjla kE' fõokdjla
fkdue;s kï ;Kaydj kE' ;Kaydj ke;skï Wmdodk kE'
Wmdodk ke;skï w,a,d .ekSï kE' Njh fkdue;skï Wm;la
kE' hï ;ekl Wm;la fkdue;skï crd" jHdê" urK" fYdal"
mßfoaj" ÿlaL" fodaukiai fkdue;' tfiakï uu hkq fï
is h ,a f ,a u tl;= j hs ' ks j fka uuo ke;' hï ;ekl uu
fkdue;s k ï ug whs ; s foa j ,a o ke;' uu f,i iïuq ; s
f,dalfha§ wms jHjydr lrkafka rEm" fõokd" ix{d" ixLdr"
úÉpdK hk mxpialkaOhhs' ienEjgu ks¾jdKh ;=< fuu
mxpialkaOh ke;' ta ksid uuo ke;' uf.ao ke;'
f,dalfha mj;sk ish¨u foaj,a ;=< ,laIK ;=kla
±lsh yelsh' fï .ek i|yka fjkjd wx.=;a;r ksldfha ;sl
ksmd;fha tkï bm§ula olskk a we;' ke;sùula olskka we;'
we;s fjñka ke;sfjñka meje;aula olskka we;' fuu ,laIK
;=k ixL; ,laIK f,i nqÿ oyfï úia;r f,i olajhs'
f,dalh hkq fuu ixL; ,laIK l%shd;aul jk ;ekhs'
ksjk ;=< fï ixL; ,laIK ;=ku ke;' ta ksid ksjk
wixL;hs hhs lshkq ,efí' ienEju nqÿ oyfï W.kajk
ks j k ms h jfrka ms h jr iïmQ ¾ K l< hq ; = tlls ' tfia
fkdue;sj th tljru ,efnkakla fkdfõ' ksjfka iqjh
olskak ú¢kak wmg ,efnkafka wms ú¢k ÿla fõokd j,ska
áflka ál ksoyi ,nk úgh' ÿlska ksoyiaùu u iemh hhs
wms lshuq' ksjko tfiauhs' ksjk iemhla hhs wm lshkafka"
th ;=< ú¢kafkla fyda ú|jkafkla fkdue;s neúks'
±ka Tng fyd¢kau f;afrkjd ks¾jdKh hkq ;ekla
fkdj wmf.a uki ;=<u j¾Okh jk ;;ajhl nj' fuu
;;ajh j¾Okh lr .ekSug wjYH lrk m%;ms odj nqÿ oyñka
wmg b;du meyeÈ,sj W.kajkjd'
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hï m%;ms odjla ;=< wm Ôj;a jk úg" tu m%;m
s odj wm
is ; ms h jfrka ms h jrg bÈßhg f.khkq ,nkjd' hï
uÜgulg wfma is; m;a jQ úg ;uhs wms is; ksjkq d ke;skï
ksjkg m;ajqkd lsh,d lshkafka' fufia is; ;nd.kakd nqÿ
oyu b;du fyd| udj;la fmkaj,d ;sfhkjd' fï udj;
j¾Okh lsÍug ;uhs ksjka wjfndaOh lsh,d wms lshkafka
ksjkg .sh mqoa.,hd fuu j¾Okfha by<gu .sh flfkla'
ksjk i|yd hk .ufka§' iïmQ¾K l< hq;= m%;smodj
wx. ;s i a y;ls k a hq l a ; hs ' fuu wx. ;s i a y; i;a ; s i a
fndaêmdlaIsl O¾u f,i wms y÷kajkjd' fï ;sia y; fndaê
mdla I s l O¾u kñka y÷ka j ka f ka " nq o a O ;a j h ke;s k ï
i;HdjfndaOh ,nk mqoa.,hd úiska wksjd¾hfhka fuu
ldrKd ;siay; iïmQ¾K l< hq;=hs'
01' i;r i;smÜGdk - 4
02' i;r Rêmdo - 4
03' i;r iïuHla m%Odk - 4
04' mxp bkaøsh$iun,h - 10
05' ima; fndaê wx. - 7
06' wd¾h wÜGdx.sl ud¾. - 8
wms tÈfkod Ôú;fha§ mdró mqrkjd lsh,d lshkafka
l=i,a lrkjd lsh,d lshkafka fukka fï ldrKd iu ;sia
y; iïmQ¾K lsÍuhs'
ñksidf.a is; iajNdjfhkau f,daN" fodaI" fuday wd§
wl= i ,a j,s k a ms ß mj;s k jd fuh ;= i ,d j,s k a iïmQ ¾ K
lrkafka flfiao@ ke;skï wl=i, mqreÿ bj;afldg l=i,
mqreÿ jvjd .kafka flfiao@ fï i|yd ;sfnk tlu tl
úi÷u ;uhs i;a;sia fndaêmdlaIsl O¾u j¾Okh lsÍu'
fuu fndaêmdlaIl
s O¾u j¾Okh jkak j¾Okh jkak
is; ;=< ta i|yd mqreoaola we;sfjkjd' tkï ta i|yd wms
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áflka ál yqrefjkjd' fuu yqreùu ;uhs l=i,a j¾Okh
fjkjd ls h ,d ls h ka f ka ' l= i ,h hkq f jka fuf;la
fõ,djlau wms úia;r lf<a wms mqreÿ lr .kakd fyd|
mqreÿhs' fuu fyd| mqreÿ hkq wf,daNh" wfodaIh" wfudayh
hk ldrKd ;=k mqreÿ lsÍuhs' fuh mqreÿ lrkak mqreÿ
lrkak" ta i|yd mqreoaola wm ;=< we;sfjkjd' fuf,i
mqreoaola we;sfjk úg isf;a mj;sk flf,ia oyï áflka
ál hgm;a fjkj' fuf,i wl=i,hla hgm;a ùfï§ ;uhs
l=i, fÉ;kd u;= jkafka' wl=i,a fÉ;kd hgm;a fjkak
fjkak wr lshmq l=i, fÉ;kd biau;= fjkjd' fuf,i
l= i , fÉ;kd bia u ;= fjk úg§ is ; ms ß is ÿ fjkjd' ta
jf.au is; Yla;su;a fjkjd fukka fuh ;uhs i;a ;sia
fndaêmdlaIsl O¾u jvk úg isÿjkafka' ta ú;rla fkdfjhs
fï fudfydf;aÈ isÿjk iuia: l%shdj,sh ;=<skau isÿjk
ldrKh ;uhs wl=i,a /ia fkdùu;a l=i,a /iaùu;a wl=i,a
fÉ;kd j¾Okh fkdùu;a l=i, fÉ;kd j¾Okh ùu;a hk
ldrKdhs'
fuf,i áflka ál is; ;=< mj;sk wY=N me;a;
tkï l¿ me;a; hgm;a lsÍu isÿfjkjd' ta jdf.auhs isf;a
mj;sk Y=N me;a; j¾Okh fjkjd'
n,ka k ±ka l,a m kd lr,d hï flfkl= g fuu
i;a;is a fndaêmdlaIl
s O¾u j¾Okh lrkjd kï tu mqo. a ,hd
ldhslj fukau udkislj fjkia fjÉp mqoa.,fhla njg
m;afjkjd' ta ú;rla fkdfjhs' i;HdjfndaOhg hk udj;
újr lr.;a flfkla fjkjd' nqÿ oyfï W.kajk m%dfhda.l s
udj; fuu fndaêmdlaIsl O¾u j¾Okh lsÍuhs' fuu O¾u
j¾Okh jk úg ;uhs wfma is ; a nq o a O ;a j hg ke;s k ï
p;=rd¾h i;Hh wjfndaOhg jvd;au iqÿiq jkafka'
±ka wms tlska tl fuu fndaê mdlaIsl O¾u ms<sn|j
i,ld n,uq'

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i;r i;smÜGdkh
zzi;sZZ hkq isyshhs zzmÜGdkh kï msysgqjd f.k
lghq;= lsÍuhs' zzi;s mÜGdkhZZ hkq isyh s msyg
s j
q d f.k lghq;=
ls Í uhs ' fuf,i is y s h ms y s g q j d f.k lghq ; = ls Í u uQ , s l
jYfhkau ;ud uq,a lrf.ku l%h s d;aul ùu ;uhs W.kajkafka'
i;r i;s m ÜGdkh we;a ; gu ;ud ;= < u j¾Okh jka k djQ
O¾u;d y;rls' nqÿ oyu f,dalh hkqfjka woyia lrkafka fï
YÍrhhs' wx.=;;a r ksldfha p;=ll a ksmd;fha zzfrday;s iaiZZ iQ;h%
fuh wmQrejg meyeÈ,s lrkjd'

zzfï nUhla muK jQ YÍrfhau f,dalfhau f,dalh;a


f,dalfha yg .ekSu;a f,dalfha ke;s ùu;a f,dalh ke;sùfï
ud¾.h;a mj;shs' fuhska woyia jkafka ienEjgu f,dalh hkq
;ud yd ;= < mj;s k a k djQ iuia : l% s h d oduh njhs ' i;r
i;smÜGdkh j¾Okh lr .ekSug wjYH lrk mqoa.,hd ndysr
f,dalh ksÍCIKh lsÍu kj;d ;ud ;=< mj;sk wdOHd;añl
wf,dalh foig fhduqúh hq;=hs' tf,i fhduqùu uQ,sl fldgia
y;rla Tiafia iïmQ¾K l, yel'

01' ldhdkqmiaikdj ^lh wkqj n,ñka jdih lsÍu&


02' fõokdkqmiaikdj ^fõokdjka wkqj n,ñka jdih lsÍu&
03' Ñ;a;dkqmiaikdj ^is; wkqj n,ñka jdih lsÍu&
04' Oïudkqmiaikdj ^;ud ;=< ;sfnk j¾Okh jk yd m%ySk
jk udkisl ;;ajhka ms<sn| isysh meje;aùh'&

fï i;r i;smÜGdk O¾uhka j¾Okh lrk mqoa.,hka


úis k a flf,ia O¾uhka hgm;a ls Í fï W;a i dyfhka ukd
kq j Ks k a hq l a ; j is y s f hka hq l a ; j fï YÍrh kï f,da l h
ms<sn|j f,daNh o fl%daOho ikais÷jdf.k fï i;r wdldr jQ
O¾uhka foi isyskqjKska n,ñka jdih lrkafkah'

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ldhdkqmiaikdj
;udf.a YÍrh;a tys l%shdldÍ;ajh;a foi wjOdkfhka
n,ñka isysfhka n,ñka jdih lsÍuhs' lfhys meje;au;a tkï
we;sfjñka ke;sfjñka ;sîu;a yg .ekSu;a ke;s ùu;a hk
ldrKd isysfhka fufkys lsÍuhs' fuf,i ;u YÍrh;a tys
isÿjk l%shdjkq;a a jdf.au tys ixhq;sh;a fufkys lsÍu ;=<ska
ldhdkqmiaikdj j¾Okh fõ' fuf,i ldhdkqmiaikdj j¾Okh
jk úg ;ud ms<sn|j wjfndaOh ;udgu ,efnhs fuf,i ;ud
ms<sn|j wjfndaOh ,efnk úg f,daNh" oafõYh" fudayh m%ySk
ù hhs'

ldhdkq m ia i kdfõ fldgia ody;rla muK uyd


i;smÜGdkd iQ;%fha§ úia;r lrhs' fï iEu fldgilau ;=<ska
ldhdkqmiaikdj i|yd úYd, msgqn,hla ,efnhs' ir,j fuu
fldgia mqreÿ l, hq;= wdldrh i,ld n,uq'

01' wdkdmdkdi;s ldKavh ^wdkdmdkd mínx&


02' bßhõ meje;aùfï ldKavh ^bßhdm; mínx&
03' kqjKska lghq;= lsÍfï ldKavh ^ixmc[a[ mínx&
04' ms<l
s ,
= fufkys lsÍfï ldKavh ^málal,
= ukisldr mínx&
05' uQ,Od;= fufkys lsÍfï ldKavh ^Od;= ukisldr mínx&
06' u,isrerla Èrdm;a jk kj wdldrh ms<sn| fufkys lsÍu'
^kjisj;sl mínx&

fukak fï uQ,sl wdldr ody;r ms<sn| isysh mj;ajñka


lghq;= lsÍu ldhdkqmiaikdfõ§ isÿfõ fï wruqKq fldgia
ody;ru Ndjkd 14 la fõ' wms n,uq' fï tllska tl flf,io
j¾Okh jkafka lsh,d'

wdkdmdkdi;s ldKavh ^wdkdmdkd mínx&


wdkdmdkdi;s Ndjkdj u.ska yqiau .ekSu yqiau msg
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lsÍu ms<sn|j isysh mj;ajhs' wdk hkq wdYajdihhs' mdk hkq
m% Y a j dihhs ' fï wruq K q ms < s n |j is y s f hka lghq ; = ls Í u;a
úo¾Ykdjg fhduq ùu;a fuys§ l, yel' yqiau .ekSu fukau
yqiau msg lsÍu o wms ksr;=rej lrk l%shdj,shls' wms fï .ek
wjOdkfhka is á h;a fkdis á h;a fuh wLKa v ju is ÿ fõ'
wdkdmdkd i;sh jvk mqoa.,hd lsisu wdldrhlska n,fhka
yqiau .ekSu fyda msg lsÍu isÿ fkdlrhs'

uq,k
s ua wdkdmdki;sh jvk mqo. a ,hd ta i|yd f;dard.;
hq;= bßhõj jkafka lh fl,ska ;nd .ekSu;a bÈßh n,df.k
isàu;a yelsjk bßhõjls' fï i|yd wmg noaO mrhkalh fyda
w¾O noaO mrhkalh Ndú; l, yel' lh fl,ska ;nd .ekSfï
iS u djla ;s f í' tkï ;udg wmyiq j la fkdjk f,ig lh
fl,ska lr.; hq;=hs' ´kjg jvd lfha Rcq nj jeä jQ úg
msgfldkafoa fõokd yg.ekSug mgka .kS' tfia jqjfyd;a
Ndjkdj wid¾:l fõ' fofk;a mshd .ekSu fyd|hs' kuq;a
iuyr úg ;Èka fofk;a mshd .;fyd;a tho Ndjkdfõ§ isysh
mj;ajd .ekSug ndOdjla fjhs' ta jf.auhs YÍrfha Rcq nj
fkdue;s bßhõ bÈßh fkdn,k bßhõ Ndjkdjg ndOdjls'
úfYaIfhkau wdkdmdkd i;sh jvk mqoa.,hd wms i|yka l,
bßhõjlau Ndú;d l, hq;=hs' tf,i bßhõ Ndú; fkdlf,d;a
Ndjkdj j¾Okh fkdfõ' Ndjkd lrk wdOq k s l hka ál
fõ,djla idudkHfhka meh Nd.hla mehla Ndjkdj jvk úg
fõokd we;sjj q fyd;a tu bßhõj fjkiafldg fjk;a bßhõjla
we;slr .; hq;h = 's fuf,i l%udkqlj
+ mehlg wdikak ld,hla
j;a tl úÈhg b|f.k isàug yels wdldrfhka mqreÿ mqyqKq
úh hq;=hs'

lsisu fõ,djl§ ksodf.k bkak bßhõfjka wdkdmdkd


i;s h fkdjeäh hq ; = h s ' thg fya ; = .Kkdjla we;' túg
fmKy¿ j,g yqiau we;=¿ùug yd msgùug we;s ksoyig hï
wdldrhl ndOdjla tu bßhõj ksid we;sùuhs' ta jdf.au ;udg
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fkd±kqj;aju kskao hdug bv mj;sk ksid;a fuh kqiqÿiqhs'

ta jdf.au ;udg fkd±kqj;aju kskao hdug bv mj;sk


ksid;a fuh kqiqÿiqhs' fuhg wu;rj ;j;a idOl .Kkdjla
mj;S' idudkHfhka fud<h yd Y=Iqïkdj isriaj wd;;shkaf.ka
f;drj ;s ì h hq ; = h s ' túg Ndjkdj i|yd úYd, ms g q n ,hla
,efnhs ' fuu ldrKd i,ld n,d wdkdmdk i;s h jvk
mqoa.,hd Ndjkd bßhõj f;dard .ekSfï§ b;du;au ie,ls,su;a
úh hq;=hs'

wdkdmdki;sh jvk mqoa.,hd ldhsl jYfhka fukau


udkisl jYfhka ksfrda.S wfhl= úh hq;=hs' tf,i ksfrda.S
flfkl=g Ndjkdj id¾:l lr .ekSug myiq fõ'

ju; Wäka ol=K; ;nd .; hq;=hs' th hï flfkl=g


wmyiq kï oE;a ieye,a¨fjka ;nd .; hq;=hs' YÍrh mq¿jka
;rï ieye,a¨ lr.; hq;=hs'

mßirh mq ¿ jka ;rï ks i a l ,xl ;ekla úh hq ; = h s '


.iaje,a Èh myrj,a" lÿ /,s" .,a .=yd fujeks ;eka b;du;au
fhda.Hhs' ula ksido fujeks iajNdúl mßirhlg .sh úg§
wmf.a is; ;=<o ksr;=reju ieye,a¨fjka mj;S'

ñks i q k a fkd.ejfik ;eka b;du;a fhda . Hhs ' thg


fya;=j msßila tl;= jk úg úúO wkjYH ´md¥m l:d nyq,
fõ' fuf,i l;d nyq, ùu wdkdmdk i;sh úYd, ndOdjls'

túg flf,ia is; ;=< ,sh,hs' Ndjkdj wid¾:l fõ'


;ud msßila iuÕ isáh;a mq¿jka ;rï ksy~;djh .re lrñka
lghq;= lsÍu ke;skï l:d fkdlr b£ b;du;au fhda.Hhs'

;o wõ ria k h we;s fõ,djka yd ±ä iS ; , mj;s k


fõ,djka Ndjkdj i|yd kqiqÿiqhs' mßirh ;=< l,n,ldÍnjla
fkdue;s fõ,djka Ndjkdj i|yd b;du;au iqÿiqh's wdydr mdk
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o Ndjkdjg tk wdOqkslhd úiska ie,ls,su;a úh hq;=hs' ier
wdydr j¾. tkï ;udg mSvd f.k fok wdydr j¾. kqiqÿiqhs'
wdydr .ekSfï§ iïmQ¾Kfhka l=imsß ;ojk ;=re wdydr .ekSu
kqiqÿiqhs' túg ldhslj wmyiq;djhla ;ukag ±fka' ta jdf.au
ksÈu; .;sh we;s lrjhs' ;o l=i.skak o Ndjkdjg kqiqÿiqhs'
túg l=i.sks fõokdj fufkys lsÍu úkd wdkdmdk i;shla
fkdjefâ'

wksla ldrKh fud<hg wjYH lrk .a¨fldaia m%udKh


fud<hg fkd,enq K fyd;a kej;o ks È nr la , dka ; .;s h
we;súh yelsh's tu ksid idudkHfhka wdydr f.k c,h md,h
l, miqo ;j;a bvla b;sß ù ;sfnk nj ;udg ±ksh hq;=hs'
fukak fuh ;ud Ndjkdjg iqÿiqu ;;ajh' YÍrh ksfrda.Sj
;nd .ekSug wjYH ish¨ l%shdldrlï l, hq;=h' ula ksido
YÍrh frda . S jq j fyd;a ls i s ÿ Ndjkdjla j¾Okh lr.ka k
,efnkafka kE' wêlj c,h mdkh l, hq;=hs' túg reêrh
ms ß is ÿ ùug th Woõjla fõ' túg ukio iunr ;djfhka
mj;ajd .; yelshs' hï flfkla fukak fï uQ,sl iqÿiqlï
ál imqrd.; yels kï Tyqg wdkdmdk i;sh mqreÿ l, yelsh'

Ndjkdfõ§ ;uka wÈk weÿuo ieye,a¨ tlla úh hq;=hs'


pdï úh hq;=hs'

±ka wdkdmdk i;shg b|.;a úg§ wms uq,skau fyd¢ka


is; ikaiqka Ndjhg m;alrf.k ksoyfia ieye,a¨fjka yqiau
.; hq;=hs' tf,i yqiau .kakd úg§ ;ukag ±fkkak mgka
.kakjd ishï q yqiu
a /,a,la ;udf.a kdifha fl,jr Wvqf;df,a
u;=mg
s fyda iuyr úg foneu w;r jefokjd fukak fï ;ek
;ud uq , s k a u .fõIKh lr fidhd.; hq ; = h s ' fuh fidhd
.ekSug ál fõ,djla ksoyia jqk ukisku a yqiu
a .ekSu yd msg
lsÍu isÿ l, hq;=hs'

fuh fidhdf.k wjika fjk úg Ndjkdj i|yd wjYH


-9-
ksjkg tlu u. - 1
fjk uQ,l s lreKq iïmQ¾K ù we;' ±ka wdkdmdkd i;sh lrk
whq r e i,ld n,uq ' fï .ek úia ; r iQ ; % rdYs h lu i|yka
fjkjd' wms uyd i;smÜGdk iQ;%fha ±lafjk úia;rhg is;
fhduq lr n,uq'

zzuyfKks uyK f;u lfhys lh wkqj hn,ñka jdih


rkafka flfiao@ZZ fuys woyi kï lfhys lh wkqj ne,Su hkq
lh kï wdYajdi m%Yajdi l%shdoduhhs' ;u wdYajdi m%Yajdi
l%shdoduh f,i is; kqjKska ne,Suu lfhys lh wkqj ne,Su
hkafkys f;areuhs' wdYajdi m%Yajdi isÿ lrk úg tu isÿùï
ud,dj;a ta iuÕ ;udf.a YÍrfha fjkakd jQ fjkiaùï oduh
ks Í CIKh ls Í u lfhys lh wkq j ne,S u hs ' fukka fï
wdldrhg isysh meje;aùu lfhys lh wkqj ne,Suhs'

zzuyfKks uyK f;u jkdka;rhlg .sfha fyda .ia


uq,lg .sfha fyda ñksiqka fkdue;s ysia f.hlg f.dia m,.
neo YÍrh fl,ska msyg
s j
q d f.k isyf
s hka hql;
a ju isákafkah'ZZ

zzisysfhka u wdYajdi lrkafkah' isysfhkau m%Yajdi


lrkafkah' §¾>j wdYajdi lrk úg §¾>j wdYajdi lrk nj
±k .kS' §¾>j m%Yajdi lrk úg §¾>j m%Yajdi lrk nj ±k
.kS' fláfhka wdYajdi lrk úg fláfhka wdYajdi lrk nj
±k .kS' fláfhka wdYajdi lrk úg fláfhka wdYajdY lrk
nj ±k .kS' fláfhka m%Yajdi lrk úg fláfhka m%Yajdi
lrk nj ±k .kS'

wdYa j di lrk úg iïmQ ¾ Kfhka u ta ms < s n |j tys


yg.ekSu tys ueo yd wjidkh olskafka hehs ukdj yslaóu
we;sfjhs'

m% Y a j di lrk úg iïmQ ¾ Kfhka u ta ms < s n |j tys


yg.ekSu tys ueo yd wjidkh olskafk ahehs ukdj yslaóu
we;sfjhs'
-10-
ksjkg tlu u. - 1
ldh ixialdrh fyj;a wdYajdi l%shdoduh ixisfok yeá
ols;au ixhufhka wdYajdi lrkafkah' ldh ixialdr fyj;a
m%Yajdi l%shdoduh ixisfok yeá olsñkau ixhufhka m%Yajdi
lrkafkah'

uyfKks " ola I jQ ,s h k jvq f jka jQ ,s h k jvq w;


jeisfhla È.a fldg ,shjk úg Èla fldg ,shjk nj ukdj
±k .kS' fláfhka ,shjk úg fláfhka ,shjk nj ukdj
±k .kS' ta mßoafokau uyK f;u §¾>j wdYajdi lrk úg
§¾>j wdYajdi lrk nj ±k .kS' §¾>j m%Yajdi lrk úg
§¾>j m%Yajdi lrk nj ±k.kS' fláfhka wdYajdi lrk úg
fláfhka wdYajdi lrk nj ±k .kS' fláfhka m%Yj a di lrk
úg fláfhka m%Yajdi lrk nj ±k .kS'

fufia ;udf.a wdYajdi m%Yajdi l%shdj,sh foi n,ñka


jdih lrkafkah' wkqkaf.a wdYajdi m%Yajdi l%shdj,sh foi
n,ñka jdih lrkafkah' ;udf.a yd wkqkfa .a lfhys lh wkqj
n,ñka jdih lrkafkah'

wdYajdi m%Yajdi l%shdj,sfha yg .ekSu n,ñka jdih


lrkafkah' wdYajdi m%Yajdi l%shdj,sfha ke;sùu n,ñka jdih
lrkafkah'

wdYajdi m%Yajdi l%shdj,sfha yg .ekau ke;sùu n,ñka


jdih lrkafkah' ta fhda.djprhd yg wdYajdi m%Yja di l%h
s dj,sh
we;af;ah lshd isysh ukdfldg msysgqjd .kafkah' tu isysh
{dKfha jeãu msKi s o isyh
s j¾Okh msKi s o Wmldr jkafkah'
;DIaKdj jYfhka fyda oDIaÀ jYfhka fyda i;aj f,dalfha
lsisjla ;udf.a hhs w,a,d fkd.kafkah'

uyfKks uyKf;u fufia wdYajdi m%Yajdi l%shdj,sh


foi n,ñka jdih lrkafkah'

fuf,i wdkdmdk i;sh l%ufhka jvkúg th mqreÿ


-11-
ksjkg tlu u. - 1
lsÍu;a iuÕu isysh ;ud .ekSug mqreÿ fjhs' fuf,i mqreÿ
lrk úg" l%ufhka wdkdmdk i;sh úo¾Ykdj foig fhduqlr
;%s,laIKh ne,Su i|yd fhoúh yelsh'

wdkdmdk l%hs dj,sh ;=<u mj;skk


a d jQ fjkiaùï iuqodh
wks;H f,i;a fufia fjkiafjk È.ska È.gu meje;au ÿlaL
f,i;a fuf,i mj;ajk l%shdlrjk flfkla fkdue;s ksid
wkd;au f,i;a ±lSug mqreoao we;s jkafkah' túg úo¾Ykd
m%{dj j¾Okh ùu i|yd wjYH lrk wjfndaOh fuh ;=<ska
,efnkafkah' fuf,i wdkdmdk i;sh È.ska È.gu j¾Okh
lsÍu ;=<ska ud¾. M, wjfndaOh i|ydu wjYH lrk mßirh
ilia jkafkah'

bßhï wkqj ne,Su - bßhdm; iïm c[a[h ^bßhõ


wkqj n,ñka isysh meje;aùu&

fuys § is ÿ lrkq ,nka f ka ;udf.a bßhï foi is y s


kqjKska n,ñka jdih lsÍuhs' m%Odk jYfhkau wms bßhõ
y;rla wkq.ukh lruq'

01' .uka lsÍu


02' isgf.k b§u
03' b|f.k isàu
04' ihkh lsÍu

fuu bßhõ flf¾ isysh mj;ajñka isàu fuhska woyia


flf¾' ta jf.au ;uka isá bßhõj fjkia lrk úg th
fjkia lrk nj ±kf.ku lrhs' fuf,i lrf.k hk úg§
b;du;a fyd¢ka isysh ;uka wkq.ukh lrk bßhõ flf¾
fhduqlr fuf,i bßhõ flf¾ msysgqjdf.k isàfï§ bßhõ
meje;aùu iuqodhla muKla we;s nj fmfkk úg tu bßhõ
flf¾ isyhs mj;ajñka È.ska È.gu jdih lrhs' fuf,i jdih

-12-
ksjkg tlu u. - 1
lsÍu ;=<ska l%ufhka úo¾Ykdj olajdu is; keUqre lsÍug
yelshdj ,efnkafkah'

fï .ek uyd i;smÜGdk iQ;%fha ±lafjk úia;ro wms


úuid n,uq'

uyfKks" kej;o uyK f;u ilauka lrk úg ilauka


lrk nj ±k .kS' isák úg isák nj ±k .kS' ihkh lrk
úg ihkh lrk nj ±k .kS ' Tyq f .a YÍrh hï hï
bßhõjlska msysgqjk ,oafoao ta ta wdldrfhka ta bßhõ ±k.kS'

fufia ;udf.a YÍrfhys bßhõ iuqodh keue;s YÍrh


foi n,ñka jdih lrkafkah' ;udf.a fyda wkqkaf.a fyda
bßhõ iuqodh foi n,ñka jdih lrkafkah' ;udf.a fyda
wkqkaf.a fyda bßhõ iuqodh foi n,ñka jdih lrkafkah'
bßhõ iuqodfhys yg.kakd iajNdjh n,ñka jdih lrkafkah'
bßhõ iuq o dfhys ke;s ù ï ia j Ndjh foi n,ñka jdih
lrkafkah' bßhõ iuqodh keue;s YÍrfhys yh .ekSu ke;sùu
n,ñka jdih lrkafkah' ta fhda.djprhd yg bßhõ YÍrh
muKla we;af;ah lshd isysh ukdfldg msysáfha fõ' tu isysh
{dKfha jeãu ms K s i o is y s f ha jeãu ms K s i o mj;s k a f ka h '
;DIaKd oDIaÀfhka f;drj jdih lrkafkah' f,dalfhys lsis
rEmdÈhla wd;aud§ jYfhka fkd.kafkah'

uyfKks" uyK f;u fufiao lfhys lh wkqj n,ñka


jdih lrkafkah'

isysh meje;aùfï ldKavh

fuys§ wm úiska isÿ lf<a wm l%shd;aul lrk uQ,sl


bßhõ y;rla thg iu.dój mj;ajk wfkl=;a bßhõ flf¾
isysh mj;ajdf.k lghq;= lrk wdldrhhs'

iïm%cdk lKavfha§ lrk l%shdjka foi isysfhka fyda


-13-
ksjkg tlu u. - 1
kqjKska l%h
s d;aul ùu W.kajhs' wm hï l%hs djla lrk úg th
ksr;=rej isysfhkau l, hq;=hs' ta isysfhka lrk úg ;uhs
i;smÜGdk Ndjkdjla njg m;ajkafka fufia isyf s hka l< hq;=
fudkjd±hs i;smÜGdk iQ;%fha b;d uekúka olaj,d ;sfhkjd'

uyfKks" uyKf;u bÈßhg hdfuyso wdmiq tafuyso


isyf
s hka ±k lrkafka fõ' bÈßmi ne,Sfuyso msgm q i ne,Sfuyso
isysfhka ±k lrkafka fjhs' w;amd yels,Sfuyso È.= lsÍfuyso
isysfhka ±k lrkafka fjhs' fomg isjqr md;%h" ;ksmg isjqr
±Ífuyso isysfhka ±k lrkafka fjhs' wkqNj lsÍfuyso mdkh
lsÍfuyso ri ne,Sfuyso isysh ±k lrkafka fjhs' u, uQ;% my
lsÍfuyso isyf
s hka ±k lrkafka fjhs' hdfuys isàfuys y¢fuys
fkdksod isàfuyso l:d lsÍfuyso l:d lsÍfuyso isysfhka ±k
lrkafka fjhs'

fufia ;udf.a lrk l%shdjka flfrys isysh meje;aùu


foi n,ñka jdih lrkafkah' wkqkaf.a fyda lrk l%shdjka
flfrys is y s h meje;a ù u foi n,ñka jdih lrka f ka h '
wkq k a f .a fyda ;udf.a fyda lrk l% s h djka flfrys is y s h
meje;aùï foi n,ñka jdih lrkafkah' ;ud lrk l%h s djkaf.a
yg .ekSfï iajNdjh n,ñka jdih lrkafkah' ;ud lrk
l%shdjkaf.a ke;sùfï iajNdjh n,ñka jdih lrkafkah ;ud
lrk l%shdjkaf.a yg .ekSï iajNdjh yd ke;sùfï iajNdjh
n,ñka jdih lrkafkah' ta fhda.djprhd yg ;ud lrk l%shd
iuqodhla muKla we;af;ah lshd ukdj isysh msysáfha fõ' tu
isysh m%dKhdf.a jeãu msKsio isysfha jeãu msKsio fya;=fõ'
;DIaKdoDIaÀl jYfhka lsisjla w,a,d fkd.kafkah' fï i;aj
f,dalfhys lsisjla wd;aud§ jYfhka fkd.kafkah' uyfKks"
uyKf;u fufia jkdys lfhys lh wkq j n,ñka jdih
lrkafkah'

fuhska wmg meyeÈ,s jkafka isysh mj;ajñka Ndjkdj


lrf.k hk wdldrhhs' -14-
ksjkg tlu u. - 1
ms<sl=, fufkys lsÍfï fldgi ^málal=, udisldrh&

fuys§ uQ,sl jYfhka u YÍrh ilia ù mj;sk wdldrh


ms<sn|j isysh meje;aùU W.kajhs' fï YÍrh fldgia jYfhka
neÆ úg wmg uQ,sl fldgia ;sia folla ±lsh yelshs' fuh
fo;sia l+km f,i wms y÷kajuq'

hï mq o a . ,fhla ms < s n | wms fyd¢ka ne¨fjd;a tu


mqoa.,hd hkq fuu fldgia ;sia fofla tl;=jls'

fuh fldgia jYfhka fjka fldg neÆ úg ienEjgu


iïuq;s f,dalh ;=< olsk ,o mqoa.,hd wmg olskak ke;' ta
fjkqfjka flia f,dï wd§ fldgia muKlau olskak we;'

m%Odk jYfhkau ms<sl=,a Ndjkdfõ§ l< hq;= ldrKh


jkafka wY=Njd§j fuu YÍrh Èyd n,d isàu fkdj fuu
fo;sia l=km fldgia ;=< mj;skakd jQ wks;H iajNdjh tkï
we;s f jk ke;s f jk ia j Ndjhka " ÿla L fyj;a we;s f jñka
ke;s f jñka mj;s k ia j Ndjhka wkd;a u fyj;a mj;a j k
l% s h d;a u l lrjk flfkla fkdue;s ia j Ndjhka ms < s n |j
fufkys ls Í uhs ' tfia fkdue;s j YÍrh foi ms < s l = , s k a
wY=Njd§j n,d isàu Ndjkdj j¾Okh ùug ndOdjls' tjeks
isoaêhla .ek ixhqla; ksldfha wdkdmdk ixhqla;fha wY=N
iQ;%fha fufia olajd we;'

tla lf,l Nd.Hj;=ka jykafia úi,amqriómfhys uy


jkfhys l+gd.dr Yd,dfjys jev jik fial' tl,ays Nd.Hj;=ka
jykafia fldfhla wdldrfhka NslaIQkag wY=N l:d foaYkd
lrk fial' wY=Nfhys .=K lshk fial' wY=N Ndjkdfjys .=K
lshkf ial' blaì;s Nd.Hj;=ka jykafia NslaIQka weu;+ fial'
uyfKks uu wvuila ;ks j jdih lrka k leue;s fjñ'
msKavmd;h /f.k tk flfkl= yer wka lsisfjl= ud fj;
fkdmeñKsh hq;=h' tfiah iajdóks hhs NslaIQka ms<s;=re ÿka
-15-