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wehs u;l keoao @


msá¥fõ yduqÿrefjda rg ;=< my< jQfha úÑ;% O¾u foaYkhdkka
jyka f ia kula f,is k s ' O¾uh úIhdkq n oa O j úia ; r lrk
wdldrh;a" bÈßm;ajk m%Yak yd .eg¨j, § ;%smsglhg wkqj
lreKq meyeÈ,s lsÍu;a wkqj fï l=i,;dj ixidßlj f.kd
fohla f,i wmg jegfya' tfy;a <ud úfha § wdÉÑ wïud f.a
ksjfia isg weh iuÕ wd.ñl j;dj;aj, fhÿKq yeá is,a
iudoka jQ yeá úuid n,k úg ta wdÉÑ wïud f.a weiqfrka
,enq K q wdNdih o uQ , s l fmryq r ejla ù we;' <ud ukig
jeäysáhkaf.ka ,efnk fmdaIKh flfia úh hq;=±hs úuid
n,uq' flfkl=g hïlsis iudc o¾Ykhla f.dv ke.Sug" ta
o¾Ykh jHdma ; ls Í ug jeäys á hka f .a wdorh" lreKdj yd
wdo¾Yh ,nd fok uQ,l s Yla;f s ha jákdlu Wkajykafiaf.ka u
úuid n,uq'

ñksia Ôú;hla id¾:l lsÍug kï <ud uki hym;a


±kqfuka fmdaIKh lsÍu b;d u jeo.;a wjia:djla' uu ys;kafka
<ufhl=g wOHdmkh ,nd Èh hq;af;a ta <uhd uõ l=i isák
ld,fha is g hs ' ´kE u <ufhl= uõ l= i is á k úg wdorh"
lreKdj" ohdj" fouõmshka f.a iu.s iudodkh" ±yeñ ixl,am
l% s h d;a u lùu is ÿ fõ kï ta <uhd fnda ê i;a ; a j .= K we;s
flfkla fjkjd' úfYa I fhka fouõms h fofokd ÿis ß f;ka
f;drj is,aj;aj hym;a ksixi, mßirhl iu.s iudodkfhka
Ôj;aùu b;d jeo.;a' Wfoa yji Èkm;d f;rejka jkaokd lsÍu"
fndaê mQcd meje;aùu" O¾u Y%jkh lsÍu" ffu;%S Ndjkdj jeks
Ndjkdjl fh§u ta l=i ;=< isák <uhd f.a uki fmdaIKh
lsÍug m%Odk fya;= ldrlhka fjkjd' ta nj wms fï wdY%ufha
mj;a j d f.k .s h ;reK wUq ieñhka f.a yd .¾NKS k a f .a
wdOHd;auh ixj¾Ok lsÍfï jev igyfka m%;sM,j,ska ikd:
jqKd'

ta jf.a u uf.a wdrïNfha;a msá¥fõ wfma uy f.or


mßirh;a" uf.a fomd¾Yjfha u wdÉÑ wïu,d fofokdf.a ;a"

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wïudf.a;a Èk pßhdj yd meje;au ug n,mE nj uu okakjd'

<ufhla uõ l=i isáh § fouõmsfhda B¾IHdj" fl%daOh"


ffjrh" u;ameka Ndú;h" wvonr iu. l, oji f.õjd kï ta
WMÈk orejd;a ta jf.a u iudchg wys;lr mqo.
a ,fhla fjkjd'
tal újdy fjk fldg u ;reK wUqieñhka ±kqj;aj isáh hq;=
fohla'

wmg ,enqKq úfYaI jdikdjla ;ud ud uõ l=i isáh §


,enqKq wdorh" lreKdj" fome;af;a u wdÉÑ wïu,d yß u
f,ka.;=h's uõl=ik
s a ìys jqKdg miq;a wdÉÑ wïu,df.a ±yeñ .;s
.=K uf.a ukig úYd, wdYs¾jdohla jqKd' iuyr fj,djg
hïlsis foalg wïu,d ;d;a;,d .eyqfjd;a ;rjgq lf<d;a uu
ÿjf.k .syska wdrCIdj me;=fõ" yex.=fKa wdÉÑ wïu,df.a
msgqmi' wdÉÑ wïu,d wmsj wdrlaId lrkjd'

zzyd''' yd'''' orejg .ykak tmd' tal mq;d fkd±k l<


fohla' mq;d óg miafi ta jefâ lrkafka kE' fkao mqf;a mq;d
tal krl jevla jerÈ jevla nj okakjd kï tfyu lrkafka
kE fkao mqf;a'''ZZ lsh,d <ud ukig wdorfhka fyd| krl
ms < s n | jegyS u la ,nd ÿka k d' f.orl is á k ks , fkd,;a
úksYaphldrhd ta f.or bkak wdÉÑ wïud'

jrog fouõms f hda fkd.yd ;rjgq fkdlr <ufhla


ye§u;a" ye¢ fkd.d yok fydoao;a fol u tl jf.hs lsh,d
wfma .eñ jrfya ;sfhk l;dfj;a i;Hhla ;sfhkjd' jrog
álla ;Èka ysàu;a" lreKdfjka jro wjfndaO ler§u;a fol u
tlg isoaOùuhs jvd;a jeo.;a jkafka'

ta jf.a u wfma isxy, fn!oaO .eñ ixialD;sh ;=< f.dv


ke.=Kq iudc l%ufha jeo.;a foaj,a fndfyduhs' ldka;dfjda jhia
.;jk úg wd.ñl lghq;=j,g ;uhs Ôú;fha m%Odk ;ekla
ÿkafka' wfma lDIsld¾ñl Ôjk rgdj ;=< f.dhï isgù q u" f.dhï
lemSu" wiajkq f.g .ekSfuka miq jkaokdfõ hEu wksjd¾hfhka

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isÿ jqKd' fï yeu ldrKhl § u isxy, lúh Ndú; jqKd' ta
yeu tlla u mgka .;af;a zzm<uqj nqoaOx irfKd .[a[hsZZ
lsh,d zznqoaOx irfKa isri ordf.kZZ lsh,d f;rejka irK
.syska' ta jf.a u zzWohg mdhk ysre foúhkaghs - ijig mdhk
i| foúhkaghs' udf.a .=rejr fouõmshkaghs - je| je| mskafoñ
ksjka olskg a hs' lsh,d lD;fõ§;ajh biau;= l<d' ta wdÉÑ,d lú
lshk fldg ta tlal isák wdÉÑ,df.a ¥,d" ñKsmsßfhd;a tajd
wkqlrKh l<d' ta wkqj fï jeo.;a ixialD;sh mej;=Kd' ngysr
ñIkdß wOHdmkl%uh;a tlal ta jákd foaj,a msßyqKd' úkdY
jqKd'

ta ; a uf.a wdÉÑ,d foka k ka Ôúf;a w;a ± lS ï nyq ,


fokafkla' ck jyf¾ ;snK q q lú" l;kaor yßhg okakjd' wkak
ta wdNdIh" u. fmkaùu mqxÑ ldf, b|, u ug ,enqKd'

;d;a;f. wïud;a ^wdÉÑ& mqxÑ ldf, b|, u thd f.


l= i s k a jodmq orefjla jf.hs ud n,d .;a f ;a ' fndfyda u
lreKdjla fifkyila ;snK q d' ta wdÉÑ wïu;a tlal Wfoa yji
nq ÿ ka jeka o d' mka i ,a .s h d' is , a iudoka jq K d' ta oïmf,a
j;af;af.or wdÉÑ wïud uereKdg miafi wks;a wdÉÑ wïud
<Õg hkak isoaO jqKd' ta iShd uereK ksid wdÉÑf. ;kshg;a
tlla uu ta wdÉÑ wïud <Õg .shd' t;fldg uf.a mdi,a jhi'
uu ta f.or b|,hs biafldaf, .sfh;a' Ôúf;a yqÕ ld,hla .;
jqfKa ta f.or' ta f.org lshkafka ófm neoafoa f.or lsh,d'

ta wdÉÑ wïud ;ju;a bkakjd' ±ka weia fmfkkafka kE'


ta jqKdg fyd|g ±kSu ;sfhkjd' fyd|g l;d lrkak mq¿jka'
lK wefykjd' uu ta wdÉÑ wïud n,kak .shd u ±ka w~kjd'
ta iuyr úg weia fkdfmfkk ksid fjkak ´kE' ;ukaf. <Õ
yeÿKq jevqKq uqKm
q r
q d Wia uy;a fj,d meúÈ fj,d ;uka n,kak
wdjdu weia foflka olskak neß ksid w~kjd' ta wdÉÑ wïud
;uhs mßirh y÷kajd § mdrj,a fmkak,d ÿkafka' ta wdÉÑ wïud
;uhs ug wl=re lshjkak tlal f.k .sfha' ta fjk fldg uf.a
jhi wjqreÿ fol yudrla ú;r we;s' tod wdÉÑ wïu;a tlal

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wl=re lshjkak .sh yeá" .sh mdr" wl=re lshjmq fla' w,j;a;
uy;a;hd" ta ish,a, u ug wo jf.a u;lhs' tal mqÿudldr
u;lhla ' mq x Ñ u ldf,a jvd f.k hk ldf,a ta j d mjd"
wïuf.ka lsß îj yeá mjd u;lhs' .eUqre u;lhla ;sfhkjd'

iajdñka jykai" jeo.;a m%Yakhla" iuyrekag u;lh fydog u


wvqhs' wehs tfy u fjkafka @

Tõ" ta .ek idlÉPd lrk tl jeo.;a' is; iajNdjfhka


u m%ikakhs" meyeÈ,shs" m%NdIajrhs" msßisÿhs' lsis u ls¿gla kE'
.eUqre u;lhla ;sfhk flfkl=g kï hï ndysr m%Yk a hla ksid
is; wmyeÈ,s jqK;a ta laIKfhka u msßisÿ fjkjd' kej; is;
msßisÿ fj,d uq,a meyeÈ,s ;;a;j
a hg m;a fjkjd' ta meyeÈ,s nj;a
tlalhs u;lh mj;skafka'

ta nj wx.= ; a ; r ks l dfha mxpl ks m d;fha ix.drj


iQ;%fhka meyeÈ,s fjkjd'

ix.drj nuqKd nqÿ rcdKka jykafia yuqùug meñK


wykjd zziajdóks" iuyr nuqKkag fõouka;% fyd|g lgmdvï"
fõo uka;% i|yka ;eka mjd u;lhs' iuyrekag lg mdvu
ú;rhs' i|yka ia:dk úia;r lshkak u;l kE' ;j;a iuyr
nuqKka bkakjd ta whg lg mdvu;a kE' úia;rhla lshkak;a
nE' fudlla o fï fjkig fya ; = j ZZ ls h ,d nq ÿ rcdKka
jykafiaf.ka weyqjd'

nqÿ yduqÿrefjda ,iaik Wmudjlska meyeÈ,s fldg W;a;r


ÿkakd isf;a u;lh ySk ù hk wdldrh'
lduÉPkao
jHdmdo
Òk ñoaO
WoaOÉP l=lal=ÉP
úÑlsÉPd"
hk mxp kSjrKhka ksid isf;a mj;sk u;lh ke;s ù

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hk yeá' fï is; msßisÿ meyeÈ,s j;=r ùÿrejla jf.hs' u;lh
ta j;=r ùÿrej m;=f<a ;nd we;s ldishla jf.hs' msßisÿ j;=r
w;ßka ne¨jdu ldish" ldisfha we;s igyka b;d meyeÈ,sj
fmfkkjd' fï lduÉPkaoh Wmud lrkjd mdg mdg l=vqj,g'
úúO wdYdjka' fï mdg mdg l=vq wr j;=r ùÿrejg ñY% l<du
j;= f ¾ meyeh fjkia fjkjd' ùÿrej m;= f <a we;s ldis h
fmfkkafka kE' wkak ta jf.a lduÉPkao kSjrKh ksid u;lh
ke;s ù hkjd' .eUqre u;lh ke;s fjkjd'

jHdmdoh lshkafka isf;a le,ô,a,' l,n,ldÍ nj" ;yr"


ffjr" fl%dO
a ksid is; le,fUkjd' wr j;=r ùÿrej fyd,a,kak
.;af;d;a" tfyu ke;akï nqnq¿ oukak .;af;d;a ta;a Wäka
ne¨jd u m;=f< ;sfhk ldish fmfkafka kE' ta jf.a jHdmdoh
ksid;a .eUqr u;lh ke;=j hkjd'

.eUqre u;lh ;sfhk wh <Õ jHdmdoh kE' fl%daOh


ffjrh kE' ;ry ;sfhkjd' ;ry kue;s is;ú = ,s ud;%h mj;skjd'
ta ;ryj" fl% d a O " ffjr" noa O ffjr ola j d f.k hk jev
ms<fs j<la l%h
s d;aul jkafka kE' jHdmdoh;a ldurd.h;a wkd.dñ
jk;=re u mj;skjd' ta ;;a;aj fol ukfia b;d .eUqrg u ls\
neyemq ;;a;aj folla' fidajdka ilDod.dó wh <Õ;a fï fol
;sfhkjd' ta;a .eUqre u;lhla ;sfhk flfkl= f.a jHdmdoh
;=< fl%daO .;sh;a noaO ffjrh .;sh;a keye' ;ry u;= jqK;a
la I Kfhka is £ hkjd' fï jHdmdofha krl Yla ; s h ÿ¾j,
lrkak fyd| u foh ;uhs ffu;%S Ndjkdj'

B<Õg Òk ñoaOh" Òk lshkafka isf;a w,i nj' ñoaOh


lshkafka is;=ú,sj, w,i nj" wr j;=r ùÿrej fkdfid,ajd tl
;ek ;shd ;sífnd;a tys Èh fij, yg .kakjd' t;fldg;a
Wäka ne¨jd u m;=f<a ;sfhk ldish fmfkkafka kE' ta jf.a
Òk ñoaOh ksid;a .eUqre u;lh ke;=j hkjd'

WoaOÉP l=lal=ÉPh o isf;a .eUqre u;lh ke;s lrkjd'


isf;a fkdikaiqkalu yd l< fkfl< foa .ek miq ;eùu hk

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fï ldrKd foflys o ufkda ,laIKh ii, njhs' j;=r ùÿrej
ii, ùfuka yd /<s ke.S f uka o m;= f <a we;s ldis h
fkdfmfkkakd fia u;l Yla;sh wysñ lrkjd'

B<Õg úÑls É Pdj o u;l Yla ; s h ÿ¾j, lrkjd'


úÑlsÉPdj hkq ielhhs' j;=r fndr ù wmeyeÈ,s ùfuka o m;=f<a
ldish fkdfmkS hkakd fia u;lh wysñ lrkafkahehs ix.drj
iQ;%fha meyeÈ,s lrhs'

fï ldrKd mdi,a orejkaf.a wjOdkhg ,la lsÍu b;d


jeo.;a fõ' OdrK Yla;sh ms<sn| wjfndaOhg fya;= fjhs'

b;ska uf.a .eUqre u;lhg fya;=j ixidßl mqreoao nj


ug ±fkkjd' yh y; mka;sj, bf.kqu ,noa§ msß;a fmd; lg
mdvñka lSjd' iuyre mqÿuhg m;a jqKd' Oïuplal iQ;f
% ha" iÉp
úNx. iQ;f
% ha fmhshd,ï lv mdvñka lshk fldg .fï wh mqÿu
jqKd'

OdrK Yla;sh muKla fkfjhs ´kE u fohla f.dv


k.ka k hï uÜgul lemùula ´kE' uf.a ù¾hh wêlhs '
Ôú;fha ´kE u fohla m%n, wêIaGdkfhka ch.kak mq¿jka'
wdOHd;a ó h foa jq K ;a tfyuhs ' we,S u yd .eàfuka wE;a ù
W;aidy lrk úg fmr mska u;= fjkjd' ta jf.a u ks;r u
iqnjd§j ys;kak;a ´kE'

f,dalfha ñksidg wudre u foa nqÿùuhs' nqoafOda;amdofha


nqÿjrfhla my< ù we;s neúka ;j flfkl=g nqÿ fjkak nE'
ke;a k ï W;a i dy jka ; fhl= g nq ÿ fjka k ;a mq ¿ jka ù¾hh
;sfhkjd kï nqÿùug fuyd ´kE u fohla lrkak mq¿jka'

uf.a msh md¾Yjfha wdÉÑ" iShd fokakd j,amsg .uf.a


ys k a k s fkda k d Wmdis l dj yd uegrU fo,a . yj;a ; f.a mS ß ia
wmamy q dñ" uõ md¾Yjfha wdÉÑ wïud ySká., fldiau, q ,
a .uf.a
l;sßkdydñ Wmdisldj" iShd Èfj,f.dv .uf.a uekaÈia wmamy q dñ'

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fuhska ;d;a;f.a ;d;a;d uu WmÈkak l,ska ñh .syska' wka;s
;=ka fokdju;a ta whf.a yevrej;a" l%shd ldrlï ug fyd|g
u;lhs'

ta jf.a jeäysá f,dka.;= {d;Ska ,efnkafk;a ixidrfha


mskg u hs' /l n,d .ekSu fmdaIKh lsÍu jf.a jdikd .=Kh;a
l%shd;aul lrkak tk wh' tajd b;du;a u fyd¢ka bgq l<d'
oyug fhduq lsÍu" mßirh .ek ±kqu ,nd §u" u. fmkak,d
wdorh lreKdj fifkyi ,nd ÿkafka ta wh' we;a;g u uu
yeÿfKa jevqfKa wdÉÑ wïu,df.a fifkyiska fmdaIKh fjñkah
lSj;a ksjerÈhs'

ta wh b;d u by< foajd;auj, ke;s jqK;a ta bkak


;ekaj, b| f.k ;ju;a udj wdrCId lrkjd'

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orefjd fjkqfjkaa
uu rks,a fmf¾rd' jHdmdßlfhla' mqxÑ mjq,la' uuhs fkdakhs
mq;d, fokakhs' f,dl= mq;df. jhi wjqreÿ tfld<yhs' fmdä
mq ; dg ;j u wjq r eÿ kjhhs ' wfma .u fld<U' mÈxÑh
ñkafkaßfha' <uhs bf.k .kafka kqjr cd;Hka;r mdi,l'

wo .ukla hk fldg nia r:j," úfYa I fhka u


k.rdka; niar:j," iskudy,aj, muKla fkdfjhs uy u. mjd
<uhska yeisfrk wdldrh ±lald u uõmshka yeáhg wkd.;
ìhla WmÈkjd' m;a;rj, .;a;;a ckudOHj, m<jk m%jD;a;s;a
±lald u ta wfma nh idOdrKhs lsh, ysf;kjd' we;a;g u wfma
rfÜ ixialD;sl fidaod md¿jla fj,d' cd;Hka;r mdi,aj,;a
wOHdmk mdGud,djg ;uhs m%uL q ;djh' tal;a ngysr l%uhg' wfma
rgg wfma mdrïmßl fn!oaO yeÈhdjg" wdOHd;aóh yev .eiaula
f.dv k.kakg .fï ÿmam;a oyï mdi, yefrkakg fjk;a
ms < s i rKla kE' j¾;udk wOHdmk l% u fha yUd hk Odjk
;rÕh ksid bßodg;a <uhskag wu;r mka;sj,g hkak isoaO
fj,d oyï mdi, wvq ;lafiarejg ,la fj,d'

fldfydu jqK;a fn!oaOhka jYfhka wfma <uhska oyï


mdi,lg we;= < ;a fldg oyï ±kq u ,nd Èh hq ; = h ls h k
ia : djrfha uu;a ys á hd' <uhs foka k d uykq j r fka j dis l j
cd;Hka;r mdi,a wOHdmkh ,nk ksid uykqjr m%foaYfha oyï
mdi,a ms<sn| ud fidhd ne¨jd'

ta;a ta oyï mdi,a .ek meyeÈ,s úia;rhla yß yeá


fkd,enqKq ksid bßod ojil uuhs fkdakhs uykqjr m%isoaO
úydria : dk j,g iïnka O oyï mdi,a fol ;= k lgu .s h d
;;a;ajh fldfyduo lshd n,d lshd tkak' wfka tajdg .syska
n,k fldg wms n,dfmdfrd;a;= jk .=K iqj| tajdfhka jykh
jqfKa kE' ta jk úg;a uykqjr oyï mdi,lg orejka fokakd
hjkak wms ;SrKh ler f.khs ysáfha' ta;a tod wms .sh ta
ÈhqKh
q s lshd m%ios O
a oyï mdi,aj, orejkaf.a yeisÍï rgdj ±lald
u wms miq nEjd'

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fkdakhs uuhs ks;r l;d fjk fohla ;uhs fldhs ;rï
uqo,a yïn l<;a hdk jdyk f.dvke.s,sj,ska iïmQ¾K jqK;a
<uhs fokakd ;uhs wfma m%Odk n,dfmdfrd;a;=j úh hq;af;a
lsh,d'

fï w;f¾ rEmjdyskS kd,sldj, úldYkh jk msá¥fõ


isßOïu ysñhkaf.a idlÉPd yd O¾u foaYkdj,g ijka fokak
wjia : dj ,enq K d' ths k a tl jev igykls k a ls h ejq K d'
fn,a,ka;r isß ioyï wdY%ufha mj;ajd f.k hk oyï mdi,
ms<sn|j' tys i|yka jQ ÿrl:k wxlj,g l;d l<d u lSjd fï
wjqreoafoa <uhs we;=<;a ler f.k wjidkhs lshd'

fï w;r;=r Èkhl uf.a fkdakdf.a ys;j;a {d;sjßhla


wfma f.or wdjd' weú;a i;= g q idóÑfha fhfok w;r weh
fn,a,ka;r isß ioyï wdY%ufha odhsldjla nj;a ks;r wdY%uhg
hk tk nj;a" tys l%shd;aul jev igyka .ek;a úia;r l<d'
jeäysáhkag mjd ;%smsgl O¾uh W.kajk mka;s mj;ajk nj;a
lSjd' ta l;d nfya § wms ;SrKh ler .;a;d' weh iuÕ isß
ioyï wdY% u hg f.dia ms á ¥fõ yduq ÿ rejka uq K .eiS wfma
wjYH;dj .ek idlÉPd lrkak'

ta 2006 wjq r eoa f oa Tla f ;da n ¾ udifha ojila ' uuhs


fkda k hs ñka f ka ß fha is g uykq j rg .s y s k a t;eks k a mq ; d,d
fokakj;a wrf.k fld<Ug weú;a fn,a,ka;r wdY%uhg wdjd'
lsf,daóg¾ 250 l .ukla'

wdY%uhg weú;a msá¥fõ iajdóka jykafia uqK .eiS l;d


ny l<d' y÷kd .;a;d' ta idlÉPdfõ § Wka jykafia l;d l<
wdldrh yd ixhuh wkqj wfma f,dl= meye§ula we;s jqKd' wms;a
fï wdY%uhg iïnkaOj odhl fjñka jev lrkak i;=gq nj
±kqï ÿkakd' B<Õ i;sfha wdY%ufha meje;afjk lÀk msxlfï
fmryerg iyNd.s jk 750 g rd;%S lEu iemhSu uu Ndr .;a;d'

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wdY% u fha oyï mdif,a mka ; s jdrfha ld,h wjika
fjkak;a <x fjñka ;sfnoa§ uf.a orejka yqre fjkak;a tlal
tjkak lSjd' B<Õ mka;s mgka .kakd úg uq, isg bf.k .kak
mq¿jka lsh,d'

yduqÿrefjda uf.a <uhs fofokd iuÕ;a idlÉPd l<d'


uf.a orefjda fofokd álla oÕldrhs ' fï fofokd ál
ldf,lska yev .iaid .kak mq¿jka lsh,d yduqÿrefjda wmg
n,dfmdfrd;a;= ÿkakd'

tod mgka wfma ore fofokdj i;s m;d fn,a,ka;r


wdY%ufha oyï mdi,g uu le|jd f.k tkjd' <uhskaf. mka;s
wjika jk;=re fkdakhs uuhs fokak;a bkakjd' wms fï yeu
fohla u lrkafka orejka fjkqfjka' orejkag yß wOHdmkhla
§ .kak neß jqfKd;a hym;a ñksiqka jYfhka iudchg fhduq
lrkak neß jqfKd;a Ok iïm;aj,ska jevla keye'

uf.a udud flfkl=;a ysáhd meúÈ fj,d' fufia u m%ios O


a
O¾u foaYlhdKka flfkla' ta;a msá¥fõ yduqÿrejka wdY%h
lsÍfuka ;rï thdf.ka wdi oyug keUqrejqfKa kE' ±ka uf.a
orejkaf.;a ienE fjkila olskak ;sfhkjd'

wfma <uhs fokakd uykqjr wu;r bx.%Sis mka;shlg


hkjd' tys .=re;=ñh ojila ug weú;a yuqfjkak lshd mq;d, w;
mKsjqvhla tjd ;snqKd' ta ksid uu;a uf.a ìß|;a tys .shd'

t;=ñh weyska ÿgq isoaêhla m<uqj u wm iuÕ lSjd'


uykqjr .=âfIâ nia kej;=ï fmdf<a ojila cd;Hka;r mdi,l
bf.kqu ,nk jhfi wjqreÿ 11-12 jhfia tl u mjqf,a <uhs
fofofkla ;uka hd hq;= nia ßh tk;=re b|,d ;sfhkjd' fï
fj,dfõ ta <uhs k a f .a ;d;a ; d t;eks k a jdykhls k a .s y s k a
;sfhkjd' fï <uhs zzvvd-vvdZZ lshd y~ k.d mshdg l;d lr
;sfhkjd' kuq;a Tyqg th kEiqKq neúka jdykh k;r fkdlr
hkak .syska' ta fj,dfj thska tl <ufhla t;ek isá wks;a

10
ifydaorhdg bx.%Sisfhka lshd ;sfhkjd zzuu wo f.or .shd u
´lj urKjdZZ ls h ,d' fï l;dj weys , d wfma mq ; d,f.
.=re;=ñhg úYd, udkisl fõokdjla we;s fj,d' wehs@ fï
orefjda ;ukaf. ;d;a;g;a fufyu lshkafka' b;ska fï jf.a
wh fï udkis l ;a j fhka u f,dl= uy;a jq K du hym;a
mqrjeishka fõúo@ fï whg hï ;k;=rla ,enqfKd;a fldfydu
lghq;= lrdú o lsh,d ys;s,d'

ta .= r e;= ñ h wfmka wykjd zzwehs Tn;a Tfí mq ; = k a


fofokd cd;Hka;r mdi,lg hjkafka' ta;a ug mqÿuhs( Tfí ore
fofokd wr <uhskag jvd yd;amiska fjkia' ta jf.a u uf.a
bx.%Sis mka;sfha bf.kqu ,nk wks;a <uhskag;a jvd fjkia"
l;d ny yeisÍu .uk ìuk mjd úfYaI ixhuhla fmfkkjd'
mka;sh wjika jQ miq fï fofokd uf.a ll=,a fol w,a,,d
je|,hs wdmiq hkafka' fïjd jákd mqreÿ' uu tkak lSfõ Th
fokakdg m%Yxid lrkak' wïud ;d;a;d yeáhg Tn Tfí orejka
wkd.;hg wjYH whqßka hym;a f,i yokjd uu wjxlj u
m%Yxid lrkjd' Tn fldfyduo fï mq;=ka fofokd fïjdg yqre
lf<a@ lshd weyqjd'

uu lSjd zzwms wfma <uhska msá¥fõ yduqÿrejkaf.a oyï


mdi,g hkjd' Wka jykafiaf.a Wmfoia wkqYdikd mßÈhs wms
jev lrkafkaZZ lsh,d' we;a;g u ;d;a;d flfkl= jYfhka
t;ek § ,nmq i;=g uqo,ska kï lsisodl ,nkak nE' wïud
;d;a;dg úYd, i;=gla jf.a u wysxil wdvïnrhla ±fkk
wjia:djla ta'

wfma mjq,aj, Wjukdjlg hï ;eklg .sh úg" W;aij


wdÈhg iyNd.s jk úg wks;a orejka w;r wfma mq;d,d fokakd
yeisfrk wdldrh ±lald u kEoEfhd lshkjd zzThdf. mq;d,
fokakd yß fyd|hsZZ lshd' j¾;udk iudcfha msfhl=g fufyu
wykak ,efnkafka b;d u l,d;=rlsk'a ta ksid uu meyeÈ,sj u
lshkjd wmg msá¥fõ yduqÿrejka wdY%h lrkak ,enqfKa fï
wdY%uhg iïnkaO fjkak ,enqfKa wfma mq;d, fokakd ksid u
hs lshd'
11
b;ska wfma isßOïu yduqÿrejkaf.a .=K hym;alu;a" jev
ms<sfj<;a .ek úYd, meye§ula ;sfhkjd' uu;a l=vd l, isg
u ÿïmdkh iqrdmdkh jeks jerÈj,ska ñÈ,hs ysáfha' ta;a fï
;rï oyug keUqre jqfKa fu;ekg iïnkaO jqKdg miafihs'

ta jf.a u msá¥fõ yduqÿrejkaf.a uu w.h lrk jákd


u fohla ;uhs m% n , wêIa G dl Yla ; s h ' ys ; = f jd;a ys ; = j foa
lrkjd' tal iuyr úg mQ¾j mqKH Yla;sh;a iuÕ wd fohla
fjkak;a mq¿jka' fï yelshdj uu yßu leu;s .=Khla' wo
ys;f
= jd;a fyg ie,iqï lr,d B<Õ udifha jev;a mgka .kakjd'
óg wjqreoaolg l,ska fn,a,ka;r wdY%uhg wd flfkla wo
weú;a ne¨fjd;a mqÿu fõú' nQo,hla" wdodhula ke;=j" rdcH
fkdjk ixúOdkhl wdOdr ke;=j" remshf,ka remsh, tl;=
lr,d fïjd fldfydu l<d o ls h d' wmg ys ; d .ka k neß
fkdfmfkk n,fõ.hla wfma yduq ÿ rejka g ;s f hkjd'
{d;sfhl=f.a" ia:dkhg wrla.;a foúflfkl=f.a fyda woDIHudk
n,fõ.hla Woõ lrk nj fmfkkjd'

uu;a uf.a ìß|;a ish leue;af;kauhs fï wdY%ufha jev


ms < s f j<g Woõ lrka f ka ' iuyr fj,djg yduq ÿ rejka g uu
lshkjd zzuu fï fï foa lrkakïZZ lshd' ta fj,djg yduqÿrefjda
lshkjd ZZkE kE ±ka uyka;hd fu;ekg fldhs ;rï Woõ lr
;sfhkjd±ZZ hs yduqÿrefjda lshkjd' iuyre kï flfkl= wyq
jq K d u lvd jvd .ka k jd' yQ r ,d u .ka k jd' ms á ¥fõ
yduqÿrejkaf.a <Õ ;sfhk ;,d fm<d ysßyer fkdlrk .=Kh
ksid flfkl=g ;j ;j mß;Hd. lrkak ysf;kjd'

ta jf.a u flfkla wdOdrhla l<d u ta .ek ´kEjg


jvd mQÉpug jf.a jeämqr m%pdrh lrkafk;a kE' mqoa.,hka
wkjYH f,i j¾Kkd lrkafk;a kE'

uf.a wlald kjiS,ka;fha mÈxÑ fj,d jHdmdr lrkjd'


wfma f.or whg;a tfya mÈxÑhg tkak lshd ùid mjd tõjd'

12
kjiS,ka;fha mÈxÑhg fudk ñksyd o wlue;s fjkafka' fï
.ek uu yduqÿrejkaf.ka weyqjd' zzuy;a;hd msgrg hk tl
fyd|hs' yenehs ta jf.a rgl fï jf.a ksoyila kE' fï rfÜ
jf.a ksoyfia Ôj;a fjkak nE' jev lrkak fjkjd' yqÕla
uykais fjkak fõú óg jvd' fïl ;ukaf.a rg' Tn;=ud jf.a
wh wfma rgg wdvïnrhla lshd Wkajykafia mejiqjd' tod uf.a
ìß|;a ks õ iS , ka â hka k tl mhs k a leue;a f ;ka ys á fha '
fkdhkjdg wlue;af;ka ysáfha' ta;a wfma yduqÿrejkaf.a u.
fmkaùu hgf;a wo todg jvd wfma jHdmdrh;a ÈhqKqhs' ±kakï
fkd.sh tl .ek fkdak;a i;=gq fjkjd'

wdY%ufha ffu;%S fndai;a ud,s.h yokak;a m%Odk úhoï


±refõ uu' ffu;%S fndai;a ms<u
s h ,laIs wfífialr uy;añhf.ka
tod m<uqjeks mQcdj wjia:dfõ yduqÿrefjd l< m%ldYh ug wo
jf.a u;lhs' t;k ysáh fmdä yduqÿrejrekag lSjd zzljod fyda
u ke;s ld,hl fyda uu ke;s wjia : djl fu;ek rks , a
uy;a;h;a ,laIs fkdak;a ysáfhd;a ffu;%S fndai;a mQcdfjÈ ta
fofokdg m%uqL;djh fokak ´kEZZ lshd'

we;a;g u fï ffu;%S fndaê i;a;aj ud,s.h yeÿjdg miq


uf.;a f,dl= fjkila we;s jq K d' uu zzwZZ hka f ka is g
wudrefjka jHdmdr mgka .;a flfkla' uuhs fkdakhs fndfydu
wudrefjka m%Yak .eg¨ w;ßka fyñysg wd .ukla' ta;a óg
wjqreÿ fol yudrlg fmr msá¥fõ ysñhka uqK .eiSfuka miq
fï ffu;%S fndaêi;a;aj ud,s.h mgka wrf.k jev lerf.k
tk úg ug ±kq K d ld,hla ;s i a f ia wd .uka u. ffu;% S
fndaêi;a;aj msysfgka i;=gq odhl ;;a;ajhlg m;a jqKd lshd'

ta jf.a u fj,djlg ug ysf;kjd wfma wksl=;a mq¿jka


wh fï jf.a jevj,g Woõ fkdlrkafka wehs lshd' wms uqo,a
w;s k a w. ys Õ lï ueo wudrefjka jq K ;a ms k a wf;a jevg
iïnkaO fjkjd' wfma mjq,ja , kEoE ys;j;=ka isákjd wmg jvd
ish oyia .=Khlska wd¾Ólfhka by< wh' ta whg fï jf.a
ia:dkj,g Woõ lrkak ysf;kafka ke;af;a wehs lshd ysf;kjd'

13
wo rfÜ nK lshk m%isoaO yduqÿrejre oy myf<dia kula
bkakjd' ta nK wyf.k bkak wdihs' Wmdilïu,;a yskdfjù
wyf.k bkakjd' Bg miafi wu;lhs' msá¥fõ yduqÿrejkaf.
nK' tfyu kE' wyf.k ysáfhd;a fyd|g ys;g ld jÈkjd' nK
wy,d f.or .sys,a,;a l;d lrkak fohla ;sfhkjd' myqjodg;a
l;d lrkak b;=re fjkjd' ta jf.a u O¾u foaYkhg jäk
wdldrh" Wi" uy;" yeis Í u" wx. p,kh" lg y~" ks h u
fm!reI;ajh" b;d u l,d;=rlska olskak mq¿jka fohla'

Wka jykafia f.a oyï ±kqu fnod §fï jev ms<sfj,


óg;a jvd §m jHdma; jev igykla f,i l%shd;aul jqfKd;a
,xldjg w¨;a hq.hla n,dfmdfrd;a;= úh yelshs' w¨;ska ys;k
;reK fldgila ìys fõú' msá¥fõ yduqÿrejkaf.a wms olsk
ola I ;dj,s k a óg jvd rgg cd;s h g fia j hla lrka k u.
mEÿfjd;a th uq¿ rfÜ u jdikdjla'

fï wdY%ufha fndaê i;a;j


a jkaokd jev ms<f
s j, ±l n,d
.kak" iyNd.s fjkak" lshd ,xldjdiSkf
a .ka uu b,a,d isákjd'
ta i|yd .kakd fjfyi W;aidyh wmf;a hk fohla fkdfõú'

msá¥fõ isßOïu ysñhka iy fuu wdOHd;añl fufyjr


wdrlaId ler .ekSug yeu flfkla u wjOdkfhka o isáh
hq;=h'

^ñkafkaßh" Trdid iy,a ksIamdok jHdmdrfha wêm;s"


rks,a fmf¾rd uy;d iuÕ idlÉPdjlska ilia leßKs'&

14
3
,xldfjka f,dlhg
uu ik;a y÷kd.;af;a 1997' ±kg wjqreÿ tfld<yla fjkjd'
le,Ksh úYaj úoHd,fha úoHd wxYfha YsIHhka jYfhka wms
we;=<;a ù ojia lSmhlg miafihs ik;a we;=<;a jqfKa'

neÆ ne,aug Tyq flfr;a ksjqKq njla meyeÈ,s jqKd'


yenehs ta ksjqKq nj ;=< nhdÿ ìh.=¿ fidauEß .;shla ;snqfKa
kE' Tyq ;=< ;snqfKa iajhx md,khla nj miqj jegyqKd' úYaj
úoHd, Ys I Hhka jYfhka yeu hd¨fjla u iómj weiq r e
lrkafka kE' ik;a ;=<k s a nqoê
a hg uq,a ;ek ÿka pß;hla ud ÿgq
ksid;a Tyq weiqre lsÍfuka hym;la úh yels hehs yeÕ=Kq ksid;a
ióm jqKd'

úYaj úoHd,hg YsIHfhla we;=<;a jQ úg Tyq f.dÿre ler


.ekSug hï hï n,fõ. l%shd;aul fjkjd' w;s OdjkldÍ
udkisl;ajh ksid fndfyda fokd ta weu .s,ks jd' úYaj úo Hd,h
;=< mej;s tjeks wkjYH l,a,s .eySïj,g ik;a iïnkaO jqfKa
kE' ta;a tjeks wjia:dj, ñ;=rka w; yer m,d .sfh;a keye' ug
u;lhs ojila úYaj úoHd,fha lKavdhï folla w;f¾ .egqula
we;s jq K d' uu;a ths k a tla lKa v dhul ys á hd' ±ka fmd¨
wrf.k .y .kakhs iQodku' uf.a wf;a lsis fohla ;snqfKa
keye' ta fj,dfj ik;a ug wjjdohla ÿkakd' zzn,dmx Wfò
wf;a lsis fohla keye' WU Wfò wdrlaIdj iy;sl lr .kskaZZ
lshd' t;fldghs ug u;la jqfKa uu ksrdhqO nj' wk;=reodhl
nj'

úYaj úoHd, YsIHhka wkqkaf.a foaYmd,k u;jdo f.k


hk m%jdylhka njg m;aùu isß;la' ta jqK;a ik;a ta jf.a
ldgj;a lfâ .sfha keye' lskï ixúOdkh fyda idOdrK ;Skaÿ
.kakjd o ik;a t;ek ysáhd'

wfma Ôj úoHd wxYfha 125 la ú;r YsIH msßi ysáhd'


thskq;a laIqø Ôj úoHd wxYfha ysáfha 40 la ú;r msßila' ta wh
w;ßka ik;a meyeÈ,sj fmkqKq olaIfhla' .d,a, Èia;%slalfhka

15