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DISEO DE ZAPATA COMBINADA ZC-03

DATOS
Zapata
f'c = 210
Columnas
f'c = 210
b1 = 60
t1 = 50
b2 = 60
t2 = 50
Acero
fy = 4200
fy = 2.4

Suelo
Df = 2
= 1800
qa = 1.15
Otros
S/C = 300
P1D = 57
P1L = 20
P2D = 53
P2L = 19
L1 = 2.8
Lv1 = 1.0

kg/cm2
kg/cm2
cm
cm
cm
cm
kg/cm2
Tn/m3

m
kg/m3
kg/cm2
kg/m2
Tn
Tn
Tn
Tn

m
m

1. DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA
Longitud de anclaje en compresion del refuerzo en la columna:

= 0.08

= 0.004

ld =

33.13

cm

ld

32.00

cm

hc =
hc =

45.00
50.00

cm
cm

hm =

150.00 cm

Determinacion del peralte de la zapata


= + 10

Para reducir cuantias


de acero

Calculo del area de la zapata


=

= 1 + 1 + 2 + 2
RS =

149.00 Tn

= /
n =
n =
Azap =

149.00
7.30

423.85
149.00

Lz =
Lv2 =

5.700
0.90

Tn/m2
Kg/cm2

20.411 m2
1
2
+ 1.0 + 2 1 + 1.0 + 1 +
2
2

R0 = 1
X0 =

7.30
0.73

2.845
m
m

Lv1 =

1.00

Calculo del ancho de la zapata para no sobrepasar la capacidad portante del


suelo
1 + 1 + 2 + 2
=
B =
3.581 m

B =

3.60

Lz x B = 20.52

m
m2

Area de la zapata

2. VERIFICACION DE CAPACIDAD PORTANTE


Calculando la excentricidad para la zapata cargada

=
e =

0.01

cm

Verificando las presiones en el suelo


1,2 =
q1 =
q2 =

6
1

0.73 Kg/cm2
0.72 Kg/cm2

0.73 2

OK!
OK!

Considerando el 100% de carga permanente en las columnas y el 50% de


sobrecarga en la primera columna.
= 1 + 0.5 1 + 2 + 2
P1s =
P2s =
RS =
R0 = 1

X01 =

67.00 Tn
72.00 Tn
139.00 Tn
1
2
+ 2 1 + 1 +
2
2

411.35
139.00
1 =
e1 =

1,2 =
q1 =
q2 =

2.959

1
2
-0.1094 m

6
1

0.66 Kg/cm2
0.70 Kg/cm2

0.73 2

OK!
OK!

Considerando el 100% de carga permanente en las columnas y el 50% de


sobrecarga en la segunda columna.

= 1 + 0.5 1 + 2 + 2
P1s =
P2s =
RS =
R0 = 1

X02 =

77.00 Tn
62.50 Tn
139.50 Tn
1
2
+ 2 1 + 1 +
2
2

380.63
139.50

e2 =

q1 =
q2 =

2.728

2
2

1 =

1,2 =

0.1215 m

6
1

0.70 Kg/cm2
0.66 Kg/cm2

0.73 2

OK!
OK!

3. DISEO EN EL SENTIDO LONGITUDINAL


Calculo de la presion neta por unidad de longitud.
=

qm =
qm =

7.26 Tn/m2
7261.21 Kg/m2

qm =
qm =

26140.35 Kg/m
26.1404 Tn/m

Ya que las fuerzas en las columnas son de distintas magnitudes, al aplicar el


factor de amplificacion segn el RNE, obtendremos que la nueva resultante
no coincida con el centro de gravedad de la zapta, por lo cual debemos usar
un nuevo factor que solo se aplicara a los momentos resultantes y las
cortantes obenidas.
=
Factor

1.4

+ 1.7
+

1.479

Diagrama de fuerza cortante


= 1 + = 0
X0 =

77000.00
=
26140.35

X0
X1
X1
X2
X2
X3

=
=
=
=
=
=

Mmax

0.00
1.25
1.25
4.55
4.55
5.70

m
m
m
m
m
m

2.95

2
1
1 1
2
2
17.157

V0
V1
V1
V2
V2
V3

Tn-m

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.000
32.675
-44.325
41.939
-30.061
0.000

Tn
Tn
Tn
Tn
Tn
Tn

Diseo por cortante


= 7.5 +
d=

1 =

40.91 cm

1
+
2

y1 =

0.66

V =

15.45

Tn

y1 =

0.66

V =

-27.09

Tn

y1 =

0.66

1 = V 3

V =

24.71

Tn

2
+
2

y1 =

0.66

4 = V + 4

V =

-12.83

Tn

1 = V 1

2 =

1
+
2

1 = V + 2

3 =

4 =

2
+
2

Vu =

27.095 Tn

Factor*Vu =

40.060 Tn

= 0.53
Vc =
Vc =

113.121
96.153

Tn
Tn
Ok!

Diseo por punzonamiento


El punzonamiento se calculara de similar manera para ambas columnas ya
que ambas se presentan con la misma configuracion.
Columna en el eje B

0.91
d/2
0.60

1.01

d/2
d/2

0.50

d/2

= 1
Vu =

70.338 Tn

Factor*Vu =

103.997 Tn

= 0.27 2 +

0 1.06 0

Vc =
Vc =

395.503
336.177

Tn
Tn

Vc =
Vc =

241.105
204.939

Tn
Tn

0.901

Ok!

Columna en el eje C

0.91
d/2
0.60

1.01

d/2
d/2

0.50

d/2

= 1
Vu =

65.338 Tn

Factor*Vu =

96.604 Tn

= 0.27 2 +

0 1.06 0

Vc =
Vc =

395.503
336.177

Tn
Tn

Vc =
Vc =

241.105
204.939

Tn
Tn

0.901

Ok!

Diseo por Flexion


a. Refuerzo superior
Mu =
Factor*Mu =
Factor*Mu =

=
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

17.157 Tn-m
25.367 Tn-m
Kg-cm

= 0.90

2536709.7

0.85
6.81875
1.16955
1.08764
1.08653
1.08652
1.08652
1.08652

As
As
As
As
As
As
As

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

17.89417
16.64084
16.62396
16.62373
16.62373
16.62373
16.62373

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

= 0.0018
Asmin =

26.5113 cm2

Se usara

14
21

5/8 @ 0.25 m
1/2 @ 0.16 m

rec = 7.50
var = 1.59
var = 1.27

a. Refuerzo inferior
Mu =
Factor*Mu =
Factor*Mu =

=
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

13.070 Tn-m
19.325 Tn-m
Kg-cm

0.85
6.81875
0.89096
0.82571
0.82504
0.82503
0.82503
0.82503

= 0.90

1932456.1

As
As
As
As
As
As
As

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

13.63171
12.63329
12.62312
12.62301
12.62301
12.62301
12.62301

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

= 0.0018
Asmin =

26.5113 cm2

Se usara

14
21

rec = 7.50
var = 1.59
var = 1.27

5/8 @ 0.25 m
1/2 @ 0.16 m

Diseo en direccion transversal

d/2

t1

d/2

d/2

B1
B1 =
B2 =
L =

t2

d/2

B2
B2 =
B3 =
L =

91 cm
290 cm
1.5 m

91 cm
280 cm
1.5 m

Diseo de zapata en el eje B

1 =
qm1 =

21.39 Tn/m

1 2
2
24.063 Tn-m

=
Mu =
Factor*Mu =
Factor*Mu =
=
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

35.577 Tn-m
Kg-cm

= 0.90

3557697

0.85

= 11.68929
= 2.17761
= 1.91756
= 1.91132
= 1.91117
= 1.91117
= 1.91117

As
As
As
As
As
As
As

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

26.8391
23.63391
23.557
23.55516
23.55511
23.55511
23.55511

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

= 0.0018
Asmin = 21.35633 cm2
Se usara

12
19

5/8 @ 0.23 m
1/2 @ 0.14 m

rec = 7.50
var = 1.59
var = 1.27

Diseo de zapata en eje C


1 =
qm1 =

20.00 Tn/m

1 2
2
22.500 Tn-m

=
Mu =
Factor*Mu =
Factor*Mu =

=
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

33.267 Tn-m
Kg-cm

= 0.90

3326678

0.85
0.00000
1.80766
1.84849
1.84944
1.84946
1.84946
1.84946

As
As
As
As
As
As
As

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

21.51112
21.99707
22.0083
22.00856
22.00857
22.00857
22.00857

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

= 0.0018
Asmin =
Se usara

20.6199 cm2
12
18

5/8 @ 0.23 m
1/2 @ 0.15 m

rec = 7.50
var = 1.59
var = 1.27

REFUERZO POR MONTAJE


Ya que segn el diagrama de momentos flector no se requiere acero
transversal en la parte superior, por lo cual solo se colocara para facilitar el
proceso constructivo.

3/8 @

0.35 cm