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Teenage pregnancy is the period where children between the ages of 12 to 17

become pregnant. Every year approximately one million teenage girls become

pregnant in Ghana and of these cases 13 percent are from the kabakaba educational

circuit. Out of these, about 2 percent are intended due to early marriage. Teenage

pregnancy in this area is quite higher than any part of the country. As a result

teenage pregnancy has become an important public policy issue as it has been

defined as a social problem rather than an individual concern. Teen mother have

lower chance of completing high school, especially if they have their first child

before 18 years (klepinger and plotnick) their inability to complete basic education

have a trickling down effect on their social life, thus they have few basic skill such

as computer literacy, health implications of the baby and the mother and above all

dropping out from school..

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Kabakaba educational circuit, like many other educational circuits in Ghana is

experiencing a study increase in teen’s pregnancies and teens engaging in

premarital sex. According to the political science department vital statistics report

on girl child education in the central region in 2002, the population of female s

between the ages of 14 to 17 in kabakaba was approximately 7, 346, of that

number, an estimated 1,676 gave birth to children out of wedlock. Furthermore the

pregnancy resource center in the central regional hospital report that in 2003, an

estimated 1,150 pregnancy test were administered by their organization.Teenagers

received 570 of these test. An increase of 170 additional tests was given to teens in

2003 than the previous year.

The purpose of this study is to

• determine how many of the teenage pregnancy girls are able to complete


• how many of them become drop out, the social effect of their actions and


• the factors that account for the increase in teen pregnancy cases

• And the way forward to stop this decadence and also to help those whose are

engulfed in it already.

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A quasi-experimental research methodology shall be used on the sample

population of high schools in the area, .the primary and secondary research method

shall be used in order to gain a complete insight into the issue. Primary research

shall involve questionnaire and semi-formal interview with teens in high school.

The secondary research shall utilize books, magazine and the internet to gain

further knowledge and information about the subject base.

As the study would conclude using limited sample from the entire population,

therefore we assume that the provided sample would provide us with an unbiased

overview of the entire population and therefore our analysis and study would be

applicable on the entire district. The answers that would be obtained from the

entire audience would be assumed to be 100%

There are one million teenage mothers in Ghana, as statistics shows 13% of them

are from kabakaba educational circuit. Of the 13%, 2% are intended .of the 11%

that are not intended 6% are of the ages between 11 to 13 years.5% are between 14
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to 17years.from the above figure of 13% from the kabakaba educational circuit

only a pottery 1.5% are able to enter senior high school, whiles most of them get

pregnant before entering junior high school, it is empirical to note that only 2% are

able to enroll into junior high school. From the figure of 1.5% that enters senior

high school only 0.5% are able to complete. This can be adduce from the fact that

most of those who are not able to complete either get pregnant or got married to

and got pregnant in their teens and could not carry on with their education. The

above data analyzed shows that the progress in education is hampered by teenage

pregnancy and as such a concerted effort must be made by policy makers and the

citizenry to curb such decadence.

description allocation
Questionnaire ¢600
Questionnaire review ¢300
Questionnaire analysis ¢700
Staff budget ¢300
Administration over cost ¢200
miscellaneous ¢400

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total ¢2500

The budgetary allocation above is to help in the collection of data, analysis and


In order to create a true solution to the problem of teenage pregnancy, many

different approaches will need to be combined and created. Teen pregnancy had

definitely become a social problem and needs to be addressed on many different education, awareness and honesty are some of the important topics that

needs to be inculcated in the educational system. There are many ways society and

policy can be supported so the cycle of poverty is not perpetually repeated and

everyone can have a fair chance of to reach their potential in society.

• Center for disease control (2002)

• Political science dept university of Ghana vital statistics report (2003)

• Poverty and teenage pregnancy

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• Reducing adolescent pregnancy through school and community Vincent Ml

Claire (1999)

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