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7/13/2015

MY WORLD ~ nurul aina puteri: Analysis and discussion "TITRATION EXPERIMENT"


MY WORLD ~ nurul aina puteri


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Friday, 30 March 2012

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Analysis and discussion "TITRATION EXPERIMENT"


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NURULAINAPUTERI
113194033
PENDIDIKANKIMIAINTERNASIONAL2011
UNIVERSITASNEGERISURABAYA

G.ANALYSISDATA

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1.TitrationWeakAcid(C2H2O4)andStongBase(NaOH)

No
1

Nof
C2H2O4

Vof
C2H2O4

moleqof
C2H2O4

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Vof
NaOH

(normal)

(mL)

(mol)

(mL)

moleqof
NaOH
(mol)

0,05

5,0

2,5x104

0,10

5,0

5,0x104

0,10

4,8

4,8x104

0,10

4,7

4,7x104

0,05

5,0

2,5x104

0,05

5,0

2,5x104

NofNaOH
(normal)

Titrationweakacid(C2H2O4)andstongbase(NaOH)aimtodeterminetheconcentrationofNaOH
solutionattheequivalencepointoftitration,
byusing:M1xV1xe=M2xV2xe
ThereactionofC2H2O4andNaOH:

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C2H2O4(aq)+2NaOH(aq)Na2C2O4(aq)+2H2O(l)
Atthatreaction,thereare2molesofionH+whichresultingfromeverymolesofC2H2O4
(because1
moleofionH+usedby1moleofNaOH).Sothat,webeablecalculatetheconcentrationofNaOHwitha
knownvolumeofNaOH.
Fromthetitrationofweakacid(C2H2O4)andstrongbase(NaOH)inthisexperiment,wegetthat
theaverageconcentrationofstrongbase(NaOH)is0,1M.

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2.TitrationStongAcid(HC)andStrongBase(NaOH)

March (7)

No

NofHC
(normal)

Vof
HC
(mL)

1
2
3

0,090
0,112
0,088

5,0
5,0
5,0

Nof
NaOH
(normal)
0,100
0,100
0,100

Vof
NaOH
(mL)
4,5
5,6
4,4

Total
Volume
(ml)

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bibliografi ~~
chemistry
literatu...

9,5
10,6
9,4

Analysis and
discussion
"TITRATION
EXPERIMENT"

ThereactionbetweenHClandNaOH:
HCl(aq)+NaOH(aq)NaCl(aq)+H2O(l)
Basedonthatreaction,HClwillhavecompleteionizationinwater.Andthereactionwillbelikethis:
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7/13/2015

MY WORLD ~ nurul aina puteri: Analysis and discussion "TITRATION EXPERIMENT"

HCl(aq)H+(aq)+Cl(aq)

Schedules of
Reinforcemen
t

ThesamethinghappenedtoNaOH:

Operant
conditioning

NaOH(aq)Na+(aq)+OH(aq)

Antecedents ~~

Theneutralizationreaction

2011 (5)

H+

(aq)+OH (aq)

H2O()

AftercompleteneutralizationofHC,theamountofNaOHleftis0.Thisisasimplecalculation
becauseitinvolvesacompleteneutralizationreactionandthesalt(NaC)doesnotundergohydrolysis.
Attheequivalencepoint,(H+)=(OH)andthepHsolutionis7,00.
TocalculatetheconcentrationofHClsolution,weuse:
M1xV1=M2xV2
Fromthetitrationofstrongacid(HCl)andstrongbase(NaOH)inthisexperiment,wegetthatthe
averageconcentrationofstrongacid(HCl)is0,096M.
3.TitrationStrongAcid(HC)andStrongBase(NaOH)withNaturallyIndicator

No

NofHC
(normal)

VofHC
(mL)

NofNaOH
(normal)

Vof
NaOH

Total
Volume
(mL)

(mL)
1
0,086
5,0
0,100
4,3
9,3
2
0,084
5,0
0,100
4,2
9,2
3
0,104
5,0
0,100
5,2
10,2

Inthislastexperiment,weusecurcumintobeindicator.Curcuminisyellowinacidic
and dark yellow in basic solution, but if strong base, it become dark brown. And, because the pH
rangeofcurcumicis>7(morethan7),itllbaseindicator,anditcanusedasindicatoroftitration,
andwithit,wecandeterminetheequivalentpointwhentheendpointfinallyreached.Andso,we
can concluded that when the colour of the solution change into dark yellow, that signing if the
solutionhasreachedtheendpoint,andthepHofthesolutionafterthatismorethan7butitdidnt
reach14(becomestrongbase).
Fromthetitrationofstrongacid(HCl)andstrongbase(NaOH)inthisexperimentandusingnatural
indicator,thatiscurcumin,thenwegetthattheaverageconcentrationofstrongacid(HCl)is0,091M.

H.DISCUSSION
THECHANGECOLOUR
Inourexperiment,weusedsomesolution,suchasNaOH,HCl,C2H2O4,phenolphthaleinindicator
andplantextract.Allsolution,exceptplantextractatfirsttimeiscolourless.Sodowhenacid(C2H2O4and
HCl)addedwithphenolphthalein.But,whenacidaddedwithindicatorthendroppedbybase(NaOH),the
colourofsolutionbecamepink.Thisoccursbecausephenolphthaleinisindicatorofbase,ifphenolphthalein
droppedintoacid,itllbecolourless,butifdroppedintobase,thecolourbecomered.Andinthiscase,in
ourexperiment,thechangingofcolourissigningthatthesolutionintheequivalentpoint.
In plant extract (curcumic plant) the colour is yellow, but after dropped with NaOH, the colour
becamedarkyellow.Thisoccursbecausecurcumicextractwhendroppedwithacidsolutionbecamebright
yellow,andifdroppedwithbasesolutionbecamedarkyellow.So,thesigningcolourtoknowingthatthe
solutionatequivalentpointisifthesolutionchangeintodarkyellow.
Inourexperiment,theentirechangecolourofallsolutionissuitablewiththehypothesis.
THECONCENTRATIONOFACIDBASESOLUTION
Theaimofthisexperimentistodeterminetheconcentrationofacidbasesolutionbyneutralization
reactionthatistitration.
WecancalculateordeterminetheconcentrationofNaOHsolutionandHClsolution,whichfirstby
knowing the volume of NaOH then we can determine the concentration of NaOH with oxalic acid
(C2H2O4),whenthetitrationprocessbetweentheequivalencepointandattheendpoint,whichistheres
changingcolourofthesolutionbecamepink(becauseoftherearephenolphthaleinthatbeanindicatorif
the solution at the end point) like in the basic theory. But when we repeated in the third experiment
(determiningtheconcentrationofHClbyusingplantindicator),experimentforthesecond,wegotdifferent
volume, that didnt same with the first and the third. This occurs because maybe caused by our mistake
when we adding HCl into the conical flask more than 5 mL, so it reached end point must with the large
volumeofNaOHtooormaybewegetdifficultieswhendeterminedtheendpointofthetitration.
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MY WORLD ~ nurul aina puteri: Analysis and discussion "TITRATION EXPERIMENT"

I.CONCLUSION
Fromtheexperimentwehaddone,first,wegottheconcentrationofNaOHwithC2H2O4 solution
usingphenolphthaleinindicatorthatis0,1M.Second,wegottheconcentrationofHClwithNaOHsolution
usingphenolphthaleinindicatorthatis0,096M.Andthethird,wegottheconcentrationofHClwithNaOH
solutionusingplantextractthatis0,091M.Andaswehadcalculated,theconcentrationofHCldifference
betweenusingphenolphthaleinandusingplantextractisnotfar.
REFFERENCES
Brady,E.James.GeneralChemistry:PrincipleandStructure.5thEd.2006.USA:JohnWiley&SonsInc.
Chang,Raymond.2005.GeneralChemistry:TheEssentialConcepts.3rdEd.USA:McGrawHill

ATTACHMENT

C2H2O4addedwithphenolphthalein
Postedbyainaputeriat12:34p.m.
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