Chapter 17

The Age of Enlightenment

Chapter 17 Video
• 9 min long • Vesalius • Galileo

Louis XIV – “The Sun King” A source of light to all his people.
Created the Royal Academy of Science

Key Events

• The ideas of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment laid the foundation for a modern worldview based on rationalism and secularism. ⇓ • Enlightenment thought led some rulers to advocate such natural rights as equality before the law and freedom of religion. ⇓ • The American colonies formed a new nation and ratified the Constitution of the United States based on these ideas.

The Impact Today • Scientists use research techniques that are based on the

1. scientific method. ⇓ method
• The intellectuals of the Enlightenment advocated the rights of the individual, paving the way for the rise of

2. democracy. ⇓
• Montesquieu’s idea of influenced the writing of the Constitution of the United States.

3. separation of powers strongly

Background to the Revolution

• Telescope, microscope, and printing press open a who new world of understanding.

Video: Galileo’s Powerful Telescope

Galileo Vs. The Catholic Church

Galileo is often called, the "father of modern physics"
• Galileo was ordered to stand trial on suspicion of heresy in 1633 • During his last years, Galileo was allowed to return to his villa at Arcetri near Florence, where he spent the remainder of his life under house arrest, dying from natural causes on January 8, 1642. • On 31 October 1992, Pope John Paul II expressed regret for how the Galileo affair was handled, as the result of a study conducted by the Pontifical Council for Culture.

Background to the Revolution (cont.)

• The study of mathematics in the Renaissance contributed to the scientific achievements of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. ⇓ • The great scientists of the day believed that the secrets of nature were written in the language of mathematics. ⇓ • These intellectuals developed new theories that became the foundation of the Scientific Revolution. Revolution

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