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Chapter 17

The Age of Enlightenment


Chapter 17
Video

• 9 min long
• Vesalius
• Galileo
Louis XIV – “The Sun King”
A source of light to all his people.
Created the Royal Academy of Science
Key Events
• The ideas of the Scientific Revolution and
the Enlightenment laid the foundation for a
modern worldview based on rationalism
and secularism. ⇓
• Enlightenment thought led some rulers to
advocate such natural rights as equality
before the law and freedom of religion. ⇓
• The American colonies formed a new
nation and ratified the Constitution of the
United States based on these ideas.
The Impact Today
• Scientists use research techniques that are
based on the
1. scientific method.
method ⇓
• The intellectuals of the Enlightenment
advocated the rights of the individual, paving
the way for the rise of
2. democracy. ⇓
• Montesquieu’s idea of
3. separation of powers strongly
influenced the writing of the Constitution of
the United States.
Background to the Revolution
• Telescope, microscope, and printing
press open a who new world of
understanding.
Video: Galileo’s Powerful Telescope
Galileo Vs. The Catholic Church
Galileo is often called, the
"father of modern physics"
• Galileo was ordered to stand trial on suspicion
of heresy in 1633
• During his last years, Galileo was allowed to
return to his villa at Arcetri near Florence,
where he spent the remainder of his life
under house arrest, dying from natural causes
on January 8, 1642.
• On 31 October 1992, Pope John Paul II
expressed regret for how the Galileo affair
was handled, as the result of a study
conducted by the Pontifical Council for Culture.
Background to the Revolution (cont.)
• The study of mathematics in the
Renaissance contributed to the scientific
achievements of the sixteenth and
seventeenth centuries. ⇓
• The great scientists of the day believed
that the secrets of nature were written in
the language of mathematics. ⇓
• These intellectuals developed new
theories that became the foundation of the
Scientific Revolution.
Revolution