Made in China

Farming Tigers to Extinction

QI FAW~
A £l...., Wood ro. Animal. and Pmpk

.... ~ "*"". -

_ ..-

n..r. ...... _Ill In"", _ _ It ........... 10 ......... _1n
tigoIorpoodoctl 100000_IM _ _ al.'-wbo.'
1_",
Ig"" ~ ... 1M rig r .. ~
on e - _ I M
_ _. _ •••• 101 ChIno.. public.. DIo.ct fko=- ' ,

_ _ • _ _' _ " ' _ I M " " " _

~"-

' a' _ _ IM--'brIngoto" . ... oIl).
f • •' ... e - I I l , t. ' .. _ _

_ •II

fCIII-.

l ' .10 _

,..,.=UO_'_PO ...

' ~ Iiul l . _ ' _ ' '''

_r~.~~.po

I M _ - ". F_fCIllIoIll. ' ; In 1M
I " - ' __
to ' ; 001_ ..... 10..-..' : _ .&.Ilo_...... _
In ........I _ 1 n m,,,.I.... ""'fCMto "-In
_
-"

••11I, ,.... . aI_ito

t

;

_ 1 M 1••111 t ..,

I

alfe...

------~­

f1goorw In 1M _
' . " _ - . . ~ wI...ito , _
wild
pi..... ~ 111M lOp of IIlI _ _n, • _1lII. tigoIor

.n

~.~ "II..... Irod_
..,OIptam In baI.o.- _ . _101
lor h_ _ other Ilk lorm• . PtoIaeti"ll ~
~'" r u _l"lllondacljllfo INII pt<>vId. d1_ .nr Inrl,..1
_)'SI_ ..rvIc .. for 1M conti""'" ptoopoo1ly .nr

.,,*,,"'.Iy

1lI"*"opm.n' of tIiIH ron"" eountrl.. In ~I • . fI""ro ...

.............tlon.,.pen...nllpocln .nd It eol" lor ....ntlnu.d . _
",.r • lon a period 10 .hICk I.... ",lllln. Ih"'''' ond ~ .....nt _
om ."'*"lIlng. fl.... comlnuld ",11_ In "'II world
rwqul...1 • "tronliI.lII.nco _ .omml_ from Ih •
............lIlon com......nlty .nd world hoi.......

- - ... _"' ,
-_
-----

... . _'
i
:.
··
..

...
j i'
_

~
·

-_._-_..

--~

_----- - ~-------_._-

Table of Contents

List of Tables

•. _ " "'1.11.
0_.
_

_---_
........
____
__
.
_
--.._-,..
_ _ ...__
'
$
-_ _-- . _-..
..
".
.. "''''''U

_... . .
,, _

_

•.e._ _ ..







••

_

lV. TIgO< f o"". .... _

'. ' _

••

TIgor '_

"0-

,
"

_

,.

u,,_ _ ....-

•• _

_----_

00

"'$ _

.

"

..

...

'"

_
_-__ ..
_
_
_-_._-_
._
......
-------......---_
.......... _... --,.-.._ _

'. _

" 0-

.. .
.. "*'-'.... _.....

""lI"'_ "' C,*", """ ........ _ .

VII,

• ._

_

_

... .

, '..._ _

...-_

VII. Conduo_

IX. •" , " ,..., _ .

"' _ of__......__......,...
S ,~n_

.

.... ,.,..,

..nn ....................

"

I ,TIgor"""" ...... _ o n C _ .....

_

..TIgor_ ..._oncr.•.

,,.

-

"V........
- "-. ...._"-"• . - 0••'..
VI. ,_

of _ _ ...... _ i n .... O_ZhuMg 4,',,,,,,,..... R1to""

_

1J

u _..
U'

3. _

"
"

,'.-'.''''"'_. _-.
- ..
......

2, O - ' _ d _lI)< oI _ _ ...... 1o Guong>l ...... _ _

,

...

H ......

" a.-noo of_lo""" '" CN..

. ..

...

,.

,..,

..
..

",~""_ln

oI _ _ ot _

_

__ 01""'"

"' ~ """"' ''' non _ '- 01 _

.... _ _ "' C.... , ""-2OOlI

,
,
"
"

.

,

'"tf

"

..
.,

..
.."

.. 0 -'. _ _ ..

••

,

"

List of Pictures
""8po<loI_Io<,,,_.,,

..-

Executive Summary
_

01_ .......... C....• ........ _

J, COO _

.,.. .,

OuI

,_

_Iofm
]

IO _ _ ......._

-

g

...

' _ "._oI

,
"
......".<OrI .......... pI<I........ """' "

_

••
Of"""'"

_.c
_''
'
_
.
.
.
.
.
000.......

I, 'froM .. ... on<IOM.<'O ... - . . . ..... . - . .
.. _

,_

,1,,,_ ._ .......,..._

Cn;"'1

" , Tho _ _ ............

-_
_..

, ' , Tho "'"" " ,,"

......, _

"""""",, WInO

.. . . -

oI'o,;por """"-...

.."

,:I."..",,_ _ •..-. .........._ _ ....... '... g.. . .... Iofm

' I , T\gof """"

' 1, .......

__

_ 10< _""""...

... " - F. "".. _

"" ,_ .. __...,"

_ ....

"

"
"
"

"
"

~

".

It,,,

01 _

2t, C

_ _ <01IOnol_

""'" on _

.......... ""

21, T\gof _ _ .. .

_ _ ....... _

_.UI',_J...._

lot CNY80Il

. . """

'


,", "

'_

n". E-"

.. ....... ..... """

....-...d

"'- &...

_ ...... "'-....d

................... "'- = n..
r ... ,"""",",, 0 - ,
_

... ,..,......--. """'

"

_

"
""" Ow.~""'"
...,.., ......... "f><"l> ....

"'" D ' ..... "' 0 -

;"

octOftl,.....,.,... a..- _
pmd_

.....

_

......

~

w...
• '-mod

_

boo. h . . _

n.o .. m_

"""" .. 0.;." . . . . b<m

iu", <f(ort

_

.......",.~

L

..,;-'

...

..,...,......

~ ""'

_

....

_

.-..J '" ....,.""'

~..,. ""-..."'"' ""_

....

01 . . "'"""""

~01

" "'

,...,....... ;" _

.,

....

. ] •• • ,...,..., "","",""

of CIoon< J.w. .... _

"-' . _ _ .. '""""' - . . . . . Sod> "'"'" cio<wu

. _

. _. . .,...........,

'J'C!,l~m

>f-I-b«nl

~ ......... '"

""""'~_

,..,...... M

"".f"<><!- a-pn
...... b<m """ ;"f-' '''

.--OI . . E,.

'"..,
&... ... Imd "'-m~ .,..-"

.'.........
""""""'..-....."""-'.......
d ""
r.... """""' 0.;.,, _

bu> _

,""'-'- n..

bu>;" t ..:l.

~........,

M"

.,

poupm"-O'

"""

.... ""q~ .•_

~"'

....... "' ..--..

_,...".

............................... d

~

ou,....,.,."'

_ "' ~

_

~"' ""

....~.,

............ _.....

""

0;""

"'"-'"' ..... uood..

"""""'" ~ ~ ~ "' ...... ...-........,
b<mid<uofi< d

....0.-

='" 1"-'

I'

_""~m

""""" piw<u ~,.-

U

crt1'S.

...............-_mg "'

C h L n o _ .,

_,..,......Irum -.

"""-

"'
~

,..,......""'~

_n

_

-.....,. "'1"-""'0"' ''''"""'

~

. . . - """' .~

...... &...

"

,....

" " _ ....

.... "",,",, ~

......._,..,..,an:.o;..,..,...--'..............

n.. ChLno ............... ..,........ ..... . _

.. 0;""

"
"

""" =mp<'< """
~

1-'''',....

r....."""' ............ ,...a.. ""'- ....,;.,0 "

...

""'-

pnmd<.........-"'
.,

.,(

,..,......

""'-

pnoIoct>.

..... 1rum

' 1, 0ul""

"""""" ""'.......,..,. ohon,

"""""" _ _ • &.ctUo of _

.. .~ I,~ .. ~ ..... ...... pon>

... M

ton ""....-..

-"'
budr!'""'- r

doo ... """"

......

...... ....,~01 ""~"--....

........... O';"'g.........., ........ ,,"". . . . .

..

"
"

1, 1Igot ........... p. _fronl ...... . . - .

_

"""-,-,,,, u..;,

~ .-...m.."

_...-~

I, Tho ' _"""'lI ......"11.-.,." ..."""'" fronl .. .-.or. tn .. _ _ ""' . _

_

0•• "

" - ..... _ . , .

5, TNo _

g, ~

r .... ~.-...l'g""'

2, E.........,.10 _ _ ... T\gof Po

__

.. SF"

,....

-

...........

no. mpun po<widm ~ _
""'......,...
_
of mJ...>o 0..0- J.w. ....
no>"""- "" .... _'"""""'" "'" ,.,]dhf., ~ ' " " " ' - ' '""'" """"""
__
""""
n.. mpun -.w................."" ..... !>m<U<>""'r .. --....
......,. ;,,_""""
~ ...... _
io _ . of 0..., ""'". ...... mpoo_
.,("J'C'". """"' ""-""'"""'..,..,. ....
............... -.nool.,( ...

.......

........

Iloud "" ... ...".... "'"
~_

~ . , ( ..... ;"

_""_ ..... _ . .
'" • ~ .. ~ ~

.....

"' ... .... " ' - ... a.o-

_

...

_

I. Introduction
Th< "",,.~"" J'O""'

, """"" .. . - _ , ThO ~ " ' .

_

"' Chiooo< ...".",.,.,. ..

_CbiDoo<"'"""'_"''''''''
""",""'.........
'01_""""'......
"" .... """""

.... Kino of ... _ , - "'
"""" ........ " ' " off""" " ~"" "''''''''''
_ _ _ _ ... 0 . . - _
... "P', """" """"
porn of ... """"",, _
. .. ti>< "'""""'" ""'
""'....,.,.....,. ..... _

-

... """"'""""' ...

00 " ' _ _

Th< """""'" _of

porn., TCM """""""' ....
"""'" """",of ... _
.. bod!
"" .... porn

. _.__"""' . . . _o/_.. .""'" _
t_,
,
"
"
,
.
.
.
,
.
.
.
;
.
,
.
_
- ,.,;. . ,.". . . )._.- . "'
",- "'' ' ' ' '
_
.......... _ _ J'O""' .... _
""""""",. """"""""""
...... _
.. _ _ .,.. .... """'" ~ ' _ _h
""'~....,

_

~

~

,.,;.)

b«""'..-

......"""""'"- .
_

"'

""""""'

....

-..

_

_

n- _ _

""""'" - . """"""" ... _

1..5) 7 J6-' Z25

_

_

""""" .... _

,.,;. "'

_ l _"" ""', (0<'" in _ _ , ... _ . -

""""" _ 0 /

"""'" '" _

...

_0000 ....

_ ''' '''
"'" "'' ' ' 'Tho """" (_...., ...

'

~
_

N

,_

,.,;.) . ,.,.. " . "" ...
j .. ~, .."
''''' on<!
_

of . ..... _of", ...... _" _
Th< _0000 ...... _

""

, .. , ..._ """"'" ""'" _ _ ChiN.

""_

~.

_of "" "'"

of",""""",_

"

.. . . -' """"" tho< ... """""" of .... .... ,

"

_

... _

..

."""''''....'''m''''''''''''
. . _of " " "'_
.. " " '

_of

"""""~

porn

_ o f " " ......., ..... _,

:"~,. ...... of ""il<! F..... .... """
,"" _
-... "'""',-.

--- -- - _ _

.."""'" "" ""'"""""'......- _ of ""
.. .... """"'..,............, of", "" , ..J _
""""""," .. _ _ ..-..

......

,"""

r-o« roo

=._
_a..--

IF.'W........ """"""'" "".....,.,..,. ..........
-.,..of .

of

of

'""

""_......,.

Chino Thi>"""" """""""' ...

-......

""

=_
_

O''-_

....

""" .. '" """

_of _ ,.."'...""'"., ""'_,

-"'''''

_~

"'_of

"'"

. . - " " " " " " " ' _ ""

II. Methodology
1. Field investigation into tiger farms
1. 2005. fFAW """""""' . ...

-

~

........ _

....

, _

_

.... _

=._""""""""""'.. _

"'m..........

""""" .."""" H_

of " " " .. _ _ .... "'"""

" " " _ ... .. G.Mo .. " " ' ....

....""""' _ _

1. _ fFAW _ """' ~ _ O """' Io<

...

"""'.,=,A1 ..

Wb«<_p1...... "', , _

_ " " " "....... _

..... """"'

H-... _.. _.,.......""""""""'

ri""

...

..... ..~

2. In terviews with local people close to the trade
Qo<_

""--_

"""" .. ,

_bod"""'

"'-

......- ..... "'............ ......._

........ ,

.....

- . "" ~ (EN)
IVC.>; 1W 1m
_ " ' " " ' ......... "" ........... ~"..,..,........ e.;,;",u,

Th< "'" . ...... .. .......,... , of .... ~ ...""""'""'" T_ " : :" ':: ':'
(CITES).""" _
""""'""'" """ of .. """ .... """"""" "" ~

" " """ ''''''' _

" .. """. _

.... _""O/""""'_S

'" " ' ' ' ' _ ..... _ ,

Th< "'" - " ' ' ' ' '"""" ,
_
- . .... 1
..,
~(O)',

"""'"' _ _

Th<

......,)

... """ ""Ii< """ 0000 _ " " .... _ _ of...., ""'" Nooo. ......... """ . ""

"""""".. '...._

_

of ... """"'

.. ... ..... ""'"""" of , _.... ..

0/

... _ o f

_

......"""" ............. , """"' ....-,. .. T.-wa.....-...(I'CM)._ "' ..... _ _

N"" ...._

""'"'''''''''' _

.

of 71 """" _

_

..... """""" .. """" """ ,"""

""""""..""""""",,,__ ....... """ of ... ""'

, _

""""". ""

""" """",."...

3. Investigation of the on-line tiger trade

J-.= ............... .-....,of_

IF,' W-.... "' _ """" .. """"""''''''''''
..........."" "" """"" .. '"""'
"""' ..... """
_ _ ~ ....... of _

"""" "

"""" """ _

" _ of "'" _ _ ...,........., .. ,

_

......." _ " " .. ""'""'" mod< """' ..................

......._6<Jd .. ...... _"""""~""""'_~ .._

_ ... """ _

4. Policy and literature review
n,'w .........,. ' _ .......,.of _

do,"_ ".... · "

_ _ "" """""' _ _ " - ' -

..... _ 0 / ..... .....,..... .... ..........., _ o f ..... """,.,Qioo.

..... ,.... _........_
~

C '
'-'~

'

............. _

.....--,T.

'

,

-..:-...

....... _ .. "",, _ _ . ""

"""

""-

""'J'---' .......

e

•.

'-......<ao_,_ .._ ...... '......

, ~

_

,

'-'

III. Policy Review
1. l..egisl.:u:i\·( framework for regulating m.de in tiger and tiger

..._--'_.

- '-"'-'-"-"'-_..
'_ ._ aru_ .-

c

.. ... _«>01') ......

__ '_

~"

- ....._.--_ _-. -'- ---_
----_
'10_ ...

I

'

...____''lo0006oo._''_''_'''
.. _... .
II

-

. -

.-....

...

' _

. .._

' __

__...-.

. _

.

. . . . . . . .. ...,.- _ _ ... _ _

Qooo_

4. '

._.CITf:J . _.....__

...

...lOI,..

..- .... _-_ .....
-_
.....-"' __.. _._-... ,- _"'.-,--_
- - --. .
_Qooo

..... _

_~ .

...

'..

.....

_._~_(fOI)_
.""

... . . . . _ - _ - - - _ _ 100 ... -

'

_ _ _ _ .c-.

""""

_

_

.. . - -.,... .... -.. • •0-, _

_ .. _

..

.. ""' _ _ ...

_----~ ,

_ _ __ _

""-

_

_

'

' J,

__ "'doow-"'_-"",'"
",_

.......,

_ ,_
_

_

('fA).

I

...... _

_

,_

"' ....

""""'11 ...i ' "-<"'C).~ .. ""

'. .."_ "" _

_·_i_>....._
...,,""'......._
_ _a ..

MJ-, ~. _

.... """"

__ _ __oi . _

"."

,....1'_
...
_

[DJ1J '0) '"'.....- 27. ,..,1 . .. . . . """'"

.. _ .. ..._ ,_ ..'"""_

~,

T._.. . . . . _ ......._.. __.. . . . _.. .... e-_"""*'_
.._
_
..
_

_

_. <:rm:I ...- _ _

". :.- .. - . - '- oi ...

---------_._----_
..
.._
__.. _.. "::"'__..__'_1_.
.
·..
.
__....._
-"'-"'-""'-""'
...
... ..
.--_
-. --.. _-_
..
__
.
_
_
.....
_-- ....._.. _.... _.. ....,.......

1'0"''''__'''''':.'.
-..-~

...

_

,..

~

.._ ..... _

_~

~ ._ - '- _-.

_,,~- _

"'_ ...

u._'~

_ _...

~-_

_ -- - ~_

~--_

~_ ._._ ---_

CITf:J_~

............

, q

(ood._o- l

_

~

... _ . . - .

_ _ . _ ,.. an:t

. . ....
~

~

...

_~.-

, _ ..

-_:.._-_
........... ..- ..
_
.
of_...-_.. joI_....--.....
.......
_--...-.._---------_...,.,...Qooo
: _
........
...._
. _.-_ ... ._... __ . _---_.
_

pam

..,..,.,oI an.s_(OftOl.
01ES_ ...
..

• • of ...

.-

........,. _

.. _ _

_0-,"',_,

_

... _ _

...

c

"' ... _ _

'__ 11<

~e:-..

'

_~_

~. ~

",

_

......... cnN,

..

I

t

_

.. _ _

4

"

_ _ . .

..

_ _

i t

.. - ..

... _ ..

..

' ..

__

........arn. ..

-:

2. ~SIaID'C' framework for regulating tiger domestication
and breeding

. _--' --_-""''-'_1
' -_._---..._ ..

......
"' ... _ _ '
_
.__
I

,

I _. .

n

_ _......._ _

OAJC",
•• • . - , _

.. _ _

'"

"."

1_....

...

I"'.. •..0-1_

---""""'--"--""-"'.._...,_. __..--..
_.... _. __
.. . _ _'

.. ,...., ',"""

.. 0-" (PI<'l"

_

""'

A

"""'_

"'" "' .

..-A

'_

,

...

__

""" .. '""' .. _

"'

....

_~.

3. l .egi sl an ve fr amework for reg ula ting
regist ration an d production of medicine
and to nics

-_._-_.._. _....-_.
..
_
..
,,_ ...
... .. _.. ... _. --..... .. _'.
... _ __
..
_
..
..
_-_
..
.._
. .... .. _.. ....
.. _ _
_
_
,.-.--_. ..._..- --_..-_..- ......._
-._.
_

.._,. ~

-.---- ~

~

-~_
_ . ~

• •

~

._,

-.-....

._-~

_~ .-.

~

_~_

_ ~'--'. _

'__

.

~

~

_ '-.

t .

._

~

_~.-

_ ~_

.._e_ , _ _ .
.

. _-

In

CbN, """""" _

.. _

... "" "'" ""'" - ' " " " _ I'HMl, """"""_

""'" '" _

- - - - - _ .. _ - - """""''''' ~ I", _ _ .. _
_ • _ . <=ifi<_-' .. .._ _ """"""'" """""' ... (JI----hool"'l.,. "" lob<l", ...-"" 00<1 .. """"

"""""""""
_MDo,__"'_
"""""""
-"""""-... _.......
_--"' ....
---"'
...
... ...... -.-._ _.".....-"' D<opi«-_.
.
.
_""""'"'_
_
--_..._"""
.
.
.
_.. ... _. ""-"'_ _ -...... .....

.... . """" """""l' _<000"00 ""lob<!

_ •..- '" _ _ ..."" _ ' " """" .... _

.

""" ... , , -"""'-- ....

.. _ _ .... _ _ .... - . . .

...

......

_ _ .. .."..,.,."""'
_ _ ro.ThdiO<N>OlCbmoo<
.......

_(SJl='l)_ro._Tho~-'_"'

.............. ""

"""_..cm;s""_.-...,..,_"""
.......
.....-_,rlf""' ........ ."..... _ ......."" _ _ Thorlf""'

""_~"",biDoo<_

"'""

...... _

_"""""'"'"~ ,-.-.-

.. TC.. TUI"""""'......u-. ..............

........ ,,,,,,,,.,..,.

....

.. , """"

.. _ _ ""'"'" <f6co<y" _

" " " - ' - ' ""........ _

"""'''' _ _

-...."...."' """

""

......

. A ....... ,...,.,

"' .... " " " " " " " " _ "" TClIt

......

,

.,.

""' ....
'J1lM1'IC

.,.

"'_
a.iN; _
'" _
........".., '" """"""'
""" """"
«<..-1 .... _ _ .. th<......mq,
" ' _ .....

~"""""",
" ,_
... , .... ,
DO " " " ' .

..... "' ...... "'"""~_ ."
_

""""'" "' "" ' "',''' """'

.. """ ori.. ..'" "',," _

'" ,"""'_
&_

"'~

_

"'

,"'

"""'_"""'.,....,_

_'" u". A,""'."";". "" ....

... ... _

....

_

)"'_""""" 1_ _

- . """"'"'

.......... """"'-

""""'" of . . - .... WoO

- - . . ....... s.."

"""" ~

.... "'...... """""""iD ...

~""-­

_ " " _ _ of

(US! ,",'

"-,.,.....""

..._
. .....

Th<

'''''''''

_

"''''-'

. """" ""-' ""'"

...... ,

_.__...__.-

.

" ,'

_""_ _ -

SFA iD

'"

M,.......

r;,."""........_ .._
.... "...."',..,..,. - . .....-. .

"'""'.. " ' " _ " " " ' " _

.. """""

'" 2002. '""'" """" Coo«p< ~ .. """" " - - . =bIiobo1 "" "EI""" 'O'iIdIik _
_ _ c....... .. a.;",..,...., _ - . - . . (:t lta----o..."v. .... "'" """"", To

-.~

, . _, ... , . """, ' _

t_

",11_,_

"'-"1

..

a- ' , ..... ..... ...

..tm.'_--e.r"""",-,
,, _
1 ''''
....

"tm>_""""", ........

1

.

4

~ W"."'

.. ,.., _

_

.....

""me

__"""'"
_ ... ..... _ '. _

"'"_

.--. . ..------'

,.
"'- ------'
,.~ )

. . . ..

"

, .~ )

.

_, ......".
_,.......''''_

....
""""""

_ '~""''''''''_ .Th<

....,_ ...'dO ","'" "'" _ ................. """""""" _
, ~ _ , _ ""

I

...."'
i«"''''"" "",, ~N'2002._ .._"""" ."",,".,""-,.,.""""'" _,-=""""""'.... th<.x,.
""""...,
"""'"""
............... .............
_ _ .-..._.. Thoilond 'OO_.....

- . ....

"""" ......._
...
.....,.,._ ... ,""'''''' .._
.........

-- . ,"".......--00""""
... _-_ ........ ~~
7,' _(US! .... ' 1'1_

' 00"""'", "''''' -..""" 50.... ...,...

--""'

.. CI>in«.. ""'"""" """""....,. _ " " ' _
'-PD~ "
~«XI ....."

.......

~_

........... ~ - , Q..Y

..... _

""

. .... - " " _

"'''''''_.. . . .
.."''aw-_In'''"',..
. _''''''.......
- ' -""
""""" """""""
" "'""""
...... Tho"""_ '"'-' --""'"
""""' .. , """-""",,,," _
_ """""
'..""""""'
"'_"'"'"""
......... ""'" """ "" """' aoo.."'" """"'" "' """"""" """" ........
""" "',
"' _ '''\j_, k

~
_

om).

..... _

...a-,

...--

_ _ "' ....,....,,,.,,..... a..

eo..m,.-., . _

1. Evolution of egee farms in China
'0 CbN," """ ....... "'" _

........ _

..................
"""" ....
..."' . """",,,"""-

2WI_. """"" ........ r.....

IFAW..,,., .. 200S.;ID6

"'2002. ""'" _

_

- ' """ """'" ",""_01",,

T_~

eNY "" _

IV. Tiger Far ms and Illegal Tiger Trade
-.. __

""'_""_

-~

-

10

_

-

c...I"""", .._

_'."'"
~

"'"

'.'0..""

_

_

'" ""

c

CI'l'E.'l

"

poudooz

"' - - '

b.-.-

_

_'I'l-knd_ .,

.. _

".n..

_

"

.,....._ _ ""'

_......,.<>IIod n. c....... """".,. "'"'-

n.. _~"!""""'

..... _ _ .-;., .... u ...... ""'

_

SFA_ ......
T..... ~

............... oO. .... .....".

r

2. Current status of selected tiger farms
2.1 Nurnberof cigcr.;

"'

a..-

"-'_"' ~ _

~

...... """"' 1OO

n.. """'"..".,. F

.

...... _

,

_

...., "'

...""

.,_.
. ._

_

OOO

"-

..-.

,.......,.

-...... ... I..xloon.

_

O--' To

""" .....
.- .. :100
...._

.... ...... ........., ....... '" 100""""'"

..........., .. ~ ""' '''''''''''''n....m.. ""'- '"'-""t .,... ..".,

. ,... ' ' ' ' _ .. ..-....- . CIooo y... ....,

_

__

711 ..... _ ~ _ "'

',10 0 ' _ '>uu<h a...,

n.

..,.,.... ., ..... ......, _

......0""."."""""''' ' '"' ........' -__
. .... _

n~'

~

.,. _

.. .. ~

_

""- ........ .."., ' - _

bona""" "" """-

,...,- "'_.:tOO __ d
"'

"""

" j b~

,

-_ _ ...........

.... 000 .0.-

--.. ..........

_.."., '-"""'_

.,........ _

I

IC'I '

,...,

"

n·"

" ,,,, , " " " " " ' - ' , , ' - . - " " " " " ' ....... ..,,

)

""_
_""-.."' _""_. .....
...
-_
_-"'
-"'---""'"""'

.__ ... .
".......... "'

- ""--- ~......, "'

2.2 F.n'eno,inmen,

--""" _ "" '"

"'~---,

aeti\~tie.

T........ " ' = 1 " _ ~. _ q / o m o o ~"""_

--~

__

""" _

_

ol

"" ••_

_

"'

........

q/_

~t

_,...,. _ _

_

GWin

""

ol

;;;.L...:J1

Tho&."' ... It' .._ _ " " ' _ ......

",_"""",_ ",,,,,,,,,,

io """"

...-,."'''"'''''_ .. ..... _

... ..f''''

_- .....- "..._ ... _. _---""""'" "'"'I=<='" _

" - "' _

........

D<-<lPq' """'""".

.. """"''' loo.o _ _ oW,

V"""" ""

V"""" _"""""""''' _ _ '" r-I ...

I _._..._..._w..

-,

...... 1m """' ....... _

'"" ..... '-f '" ......f=I

..."'" '""- """ om.. """'_ J'O"""dooI"'-

..... Tho ""'" "' "" - .... """- ~ from u< y
'" (L"" ~ "" . - . . ",L'NY 1."" (U" 1""l

ro. .

"

of_......
'"
_.,."••_ ._of........,....",
. - _"",,,
Wooo

... _-

__ _-_
""-""'.,
-..., ...-

"'" Thio ..-,.. """"""" .. _ _ ".........
,.,."...-

"'"

~

"'

_.____-- ...
..._._
""""
- _"""'.. -.............._.
""""''' ' ' '
.-.. _,.... "' ''''''''
fu<

_

-

................
'"""" """"
"""' ... _

_

_

"'

h""

""'....

_

_

.

.. _ " " " "

. . ......... _ _ . _
- . . ....

.. _ . . . . _

_

w

I

""' _
"""""'

f1

_

"""'... '"........., ... __ "'"

..... o f _

........00"" _ " '__ ..

__ Tho"'" "'" ""

............
"' ...
_",_"""-" _of

_
........
-

.

",,,, ,,,",,,,,,,,,

-_ . ~

..

Th<y _

Tho,....._

"""••__ of_",_

Om

~

_ _ _ u..,..,.

...

... '.."lo .... '"

..... _ _

""

Tho »<Olkd -..-_ _ . - . _

....

....".,.. .,"""".. _

'''"''''''''''''''

- - '"""~ ,.....

... "' ''' _

...,

,.,.,~

-.. ""

.....
If'

,"'""" of

"'

. ..... _ _ '"'_

......, .....

...

"'

""'

_

.... _._...

I
_~-- _ .-

of ...

""""" - ""'" '"

2.4 F..ducation and promotion

2.3 Altered beha.;ors
Tho_

of",..,.

..-

_

Th. - . . . . . . _

""'"

_

of

""' _

""""'"

....

w"" , _ . Co.,'" .......""... _

" " " " " ' _ .. . """"" ""'" f« ~""''''­
_
oJJ",..,.,. i>
____ _", ..
__

_

"" ..... ...... _

__._-'_M
.
.
""""''
'
.
.....
_ _"""' "' __
........... .... .............
"
"
'
__
..
.. _._-- ...... _.
. . .... _......
""""""'......

~ _a--..-

, """"&d ~ ""

.1fI<r " " " ' ~

....."" .....-."'............. Y"" ..,,,,,, "'_ .... """" -'",""",
_ / ~ ~ _''''"'''

~ ......._q,.,. "'''''..... '"""••,"""

"""...._""""""'
_ ........

_ "'.a.."I
Th<

~

~of

"."

h,"" lo,.' _,

'""" _

"""' _
""""""-

,

M

on

"

""""'

"

.. _

....

"'..... _ . _ _ """

..,.,.."..".

of.....""' __ -..
""'' '-''"' ""
..........
--.- ,..,...,.
""
""""
""""""" ""
"""
..... .... ..... M " " " " " " ' _ " " " " " " '

I

-,---- --Tho """' ... """"-'> Ott

...... "" ,..;, _ o f ..... 0Idtt

" " " " " " " " . . ., . . ........ .. . . . . ,

" " " " " ' _ ., _

of -..

" " .. """""'-

Tho

"'""'- "' '"'

'" ktp< ., . . .

""""- .......

_
_

~-

..........,....,.,."""',;,;.",
""" . . . ful of""", """"

L

., . ...

"""""""

"
.-..

-,..-_."'"

Th<..."..
_ " fttO

"'

"""'"'" "'"' .-....
-.... ", fttO .,

I

_nCMo _"""""''''....._

_-_ ---,-_.......
--"--. --.
_......
,. __ ..... _...........--_ . _-_.... _. _--. _csv._(l. . . . _
..... --_.... _-- . -.- .. _-_ .. _-

....
...... ... _.... _........-..-_........
...-. ......... _--_
25 Co.., of n:anng farmed

D~

_ _..-_

"~ •

_ .. _

no

_ .. _

_

......

_

----II

_

.... _-- .... _--_ ...-

.....

_ - . _ .. _no

_(liIIO'l,"_

' 1 .. _ _ .... _ .

,

-_

no QIoooo

,

_....-.....

.. _ _ .. . . _

_ _ .... Goo

.. _

.. _ _

_-~~ -::,;;
'::

QIoooo_

_

~

\ _ ...... _ _

... _ _ ..... _ . . . .

.........

l .t Pn>dI>Ction of ......, contalfUJlg tiger p.m :00 dc:rivam-n

-..... . .. . . . . .

.. , _ . . _ .. -.Of . . "",, _ _ ..

__

... _ _

...... 1'

.-

3. Wmc business associated .....-ith riga farms

-~--_

~_ .

.. _

<>oo;_ ..

_t"lI ''''-

_....

.. _ " " ' _

--_.._--_ __ ......._--..,.. _.--_
_...._.. __. _. .__. ....._. _...... _-_.. _-_.
....... __.._......--_.__ ..._ ..-_.-... --_ ...... __ ._ ..
_._
...
-.._--_._--_
..
_-I' _.. _
----...
.... - ..-_...---,----""----_
. _ -.....
......... _
...............
_-"-.......
""...,..,.
....
"""-_._"""'
_.,
"
,
----.
. . .. ""'""_.__ ..
............ _-.... _ . "" _..._
__
._.--.
..... _
.....---......
-----_
-_.. _- _-.. _. .._---_._-------'''---'- -... _

.. - ..........- __.... _ ...._ ..

"'"_ _ • _ _ 000'" I

"" ......... _

I _ ..... _OOOJ

<:6o_000 . . . _ _ ..

. . . . . _ .. 000.",._..(1.-.;'.. _

.. _Ooo.",_.. (I.. ...._ _ . _

, , ....__ ....__ .. _
_n.r

, _ no _

____.
.
.
.
.
.
__.
.
_<:60_..
_ ..
.._ ..""..!IIO_""'
_ _ ""' ...........,n. ..........

_.-..- • •

_

-n. _ _

__

I'

. -

_

11'---bol.'

.

....

,

.. _ _
1""''''_.......
"'
"" . "",

""'"

_

.. I •."_100_'"

p

"J,. . . . _

I

__

- - ~ ~-,.

:-_

_..._--_._-

I

-. _

II

_

.... _ . • _ . .

I"

I

..··· '4-..-_.-.. . _......._ ._-.-..__ •

_

-'
---_...

. - - l ( _.. . . - ....... _

-

.. ... _--_
...... --_._-.... _.___ 010,,_
_.._---'. ......
_--.....
-_
-----_. _ -.....
_ "...."

ool _

-..

_

_. ....--_ _-.- -"'- -- '-" ---'- -_
......_ _ _..__.._-- _
_

..."
"

' _

'C '

_~

_

.........,.

_

"l

..,. ..... _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ ..

...-.... _

... I1 _
b

_

W1n~

I
__

=-

"" ......

""".........

""........ _ ,._
0-".;""_
"""""-- _ .01."., ,; •- . rr- Zl
J"'*-

ool

_

..... 0..I

,,

,

_

_

..

.. "-- _

" < - ",T

_.. _--_._..__._.....
" .-

_

-_



••

..

..

(10-

...

..

.. _ _ . _

_ _ .. C-y

.._..

""""'(lo._
_ .......ool-...... - _... _ ..._.-...... _ _

. __

(l" ' ~

... _

'"..,_

C-y ... (l... " ,) . . .

_

--. .-._---_ _--_ <P_..__._'"-'...
.......__ ..... _.... .......- ...........
.
,
-----_
. ..._.....
..
....
-_
.
".-_
-----...
--_
.
_
1"-----_
._
--------_.1"----- -_
---_
. .. _-- - ..
._
.
_
-.-- ---_. ...- .-. --- -- -- 'CNY.(l

.............._
-

_

_

_ ..

_

...... _

.... . T<>O _

_

-

,,- - _ .. v.q.;.

- ~--

U<y

_

ioD< _

"' 2OCI6. _ ".. _

_

""

.....

","",.., _
'"_(till ,...__..-,._.
.. ........ T__, .......
... ...........

,-,

,A _ _ . _

--~

...

-- ~


,, _ _ _

1""-- "' i--

..

;,....., _IO'lJX'J _ .. _

~ _

J....... _ _ ~ .. _ _ ...

,

_

0..-_

""1 ....... _ool

,

_

_.

. . C-y .... (l

I

_~_

_

,•

~

..- ~".....,."'

...........
.-..- . -.- __.
.
.
--.
mos.

_

. . . . . . .... _

_ ool"

conlaining tiger pam and derivative.

,,1001._ ............. _

. ....

__ A

..... "'PIoJ_ .... .

3.2 ,."" k of

- ! --

~-;: . _ - -

.. _ _

_lico<

_

- - . _---

3;::i-:"""=:=
=
.... ...

__

_

-~~

..

••

......._
_-_._-----_
..... _-_ . ____
.
_
._---_
.
. ............ __.--_. ._..._- ...._"_

ool. _
$

.... ,' ,

- -- -

ool _ _ e - _

_ ool.-.·
_
,

,,~

~.: - - - _

'-

_ _ _ _.ool ..

• __

_

l

"

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful