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Manual for Hydro-Climatic Disasters in Water Resources Management

Manual for Hydro-Climatic Disasters in Water Resources Management

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Published by Wangai Ndirangu

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Published by: Wangai Ndirangu on Mar 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/06/2012

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Key principles for mainstreaming DRR in development are closely related to
IWRM and include:

Sound background knowledge on hazards, risk and vulnerability;

Identification of threats from hazard and vulnerability;

Awareness of risk and risk reduction measures;

Determination and development of political and institutional framework in
support of disaster risk management;

Indentify and incorporate structural and non-structural initiatives for
mitigating disaster risks in development and synergising with other
sectors; and

Application of multi-thematic and multi-sectoral approaches in the DRR
process.

Disaster reduction activities are based on an integrated approach. It encourages
taking prevailing risks into consideration. Part of the process is promoting the
application of existing local knowledge, networks and partnerships and using
multi-thematic and multi-sectoral stakeholder forums such as water resources
user associations developed for water resources management to raise
awareness. Collaboration between agencies for disaster prevention and
response should also be fostered.

It is critical to also strengthen capacities for prevention and mitigation of natural
disasters, while promoting sustainable gender and poverty sensitive development
approaches to disaster reduction.

The overall goal for DRR is to ensure safe and sustainable livelihoods by
minimising the effects of natural disasters through the appropriate planning and
use of natural resources.

Water managers will therefore assist disaster management activities by:

Conducting analysis to identify the kinds of risks faced by people and
development investments as well as their magnitude;

Development, regulation and mitigation to address the structural sources
of vulnerability; and

Post-disaster rehabilitation and reconstruction to support effective
recovery and to safeguard against future disasters.

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