ASSI GNMENT CLASS XI I VECTOR ALGEBRA

1. In a regular hexagon ABCDEF, if and AB a BC b = =
   
, then express , , , , , , CD DE EF FA AC AD AE
      
and CF


in terms of a and b
 
.
2. If
 
, , a i j b j k c k i = + = + = +
  
 
, find a unit vector in the direction of a b c + +
  
.
3. The position vectors of the points P, Q and R are
 
2 3 , 2 3 5 , 7 i j k i j k i k + + ÷ + + ÷
  
respectively. Prove that
P, Q and R are collinear.
4. If
 
2 3 , 2 4 5 a i j k b i j k = + + = + ÷
 
 
represents two adjacent sides of a parallelogram, find unit vectors parallel
to the diagonals of the parallelogram.
5. Prove that the points
  
, 4 3 , 2 4 5 i j i j k i j k ÷ + + ÷ +
  
are the vertices of a right angled triangle.
6. If the position vectors of the vertices of a triangle ABC are
  
2 3 , 2 3 , 3 2 i j k i j k i j k + + + + + +
  
, prove that
ABC A is an equilateral triangle.
7. Write the position vector of a point dividing the line segment joining points A and B with position vectors
and a b
 
externally in the ratio 1: 4, where
 
2 3 4 and a i j k b i j k = + + =÷ + +
 
 
.
8. Find the projection of b c +
 
on a

, where
  
2 2 , 2 2 and 2 4 a i j k b i j k c i j k = ÷ + = + ÷ = ÷ +
  
  
.
9. If
 
2 and 3 2 a i j k b i j k = + + = + ÷
 
 
, find the value of
( ) ( )
3 . 2 a b a b + ÷
   
.
10. Find a vector whose magnitude is 3 units and which is perpendicular to each of the vectors

3 4 a i j k = + ÷




and 6 5 2 b i j k = + ÷


.
11. If , and a b c
  
be three vectors such that 0 a b c + + =
  
and 3, 5, 7 a b c = = =
  
, find angle between and a b
 
.
12. If and a b
 
are vectors such that 2, 3 and . 4, find and a b a b a b a b = = = ÷ +
       
.
13. If a and b

are unit vectors and  is the angle between them, prove that
1
sin
2 2
a b

= ÷

and
1
cos
2 2
a b

= +

.
14. Show that the points , and A B C with position vectors
  
2 , 3 5 , 3 4 4 i j k i j k i j k ÷ + ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
  
respectively, are
the vertices of the right triangle. Also, find the remaining angles of the triangle.
15. If
 
2 3 and 3 2 a i j k b i j k = + ÷ = ÷ +
 
 
, then show that a b +
 
is perpendicular to a b ÷
 
.
16. Find the angle between the vectors a b +
 
and a b ÷
 
, if
 
2 3 and 3 2 a i j k b i j k = ÷ + = + ÷
 
 
.
17. Express the vectors

5 2 5 a i j k = ÷ +


as sum of two vectors such that one is parallel to the vector 3 b i k = +



and the other is perpendicular to b

.


18. The dot products of a vector with the vectors
  
3 , 3 2 and 2 4 i j k i j k i j k + ÷ + ÷ + +
  
are 0, 5, 8 respectively.
Find the vector.
19. Find a unit vector perpendicular to each of the vectors
 
4 3 and 2 2 a i j k b i j k = ÷ + = + ÷
 
 
.
20. If 26, 7 and 35, find . a b a b a b = = × =
     
.
21. Find the area of the triangle whose adjacent sides are determined by the vectors 2 5 and a i k =÷ ÷




2 b i j k = ÷ ÷


.
22. Find the area of the parallelogram whose adjacent sides are determined by the vectors

3 2 and a i j k = + ÷




3 4 b i j k = ÷ +


.
23. Find the area of the parallelogram whose diagonals are determined by the vectors

2 3 6 and a i j k = + ÷



 ˆ
3 4 b i j k = ÷ ÷


.
24. Show that points whose position vectors are
  
5 6 7 , 7 8 9 , 3 20 5 a i j k b i j k c i j k = + + = ÷ ÷ = + +
  
  
are collinear.
25. Let
 
, 3 , 7 a i j b j k c i k = ÷ = ÷ = ÷
  
 
. Find a vector d

such that it is perpendicular to both and a b
 
,and . 1 c d =
 

26. If , , a b c
  
are the position vectors of the vertices , and a A B C of ABC A respectively, find an expression
for the area of ABC A and hence deduce the condition for the points , and A B C to be collinear.
27. If

a i j k = + +


,

c j k = ÷

are given vectors, then find a vector b

satisfying equations a b c × =
  
and . 3 a b=
 
.
28. If , , a b c
  
are three vectors such that 0 a b c + + =
  
, then prove that a b b c c a × = × = ×
     
.
29. If and a b c d a c b d × = × × = ×
       
, show that a d ÷
 
is parallel to b c ÷
 
, where , a d b c = =
   
.
30. If . . and and 0 a b a c a b a c a = × = × =
         
, then show that b c =
 
.

ANSWERS
1. , , , , , 2 , 2 , 2 CD b a DE a EF b FA a b AC a b AD b AE b a CF a = ÷ =÷ =÷ = ÷ = + = = ÷ =÷
                   

2.

( )
1
3
i j k + +

4.

( )
1
3 6 2
7
i j k + ÷

,

( )
1
2 8
69
i j k + ÷

7.

11
3 5
3
i j k + +

8. 2 9. 15 ÷
10.

2 2 i j k ÷ +

11.
0
60 12. 5 , 21 14.
1 1
35 6
cos , cos
41 41
÷ ÷
| | | |
| |
| |
\ . \ .
16.
2


17.

6 2 , 2 i k i j k + ÷ ÷ +
 
18.

2 i j k + +

19.

( )
1
2 2
3
i j k ÷ + +

20. 7 21.
1
165 sq.units
2

22. 10 3sq. units 23.
1
1274 sq. units
2
25.

( )
1
3
4
i j k + +

26. ( )
1
2
ar ABC a b b c c a A = × + × + ×
     
;
0 a b b c c a × + × + × =
     
27.

( )
1
5 2 2
3
b i j k = + +


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