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**1. In a regular hexagon ABCDEF, if and AB a BC b = =
**

, then express , , , , , , CD DE EF FA AC AD AE

and CF

in terms of a and b

.

2. If

, , a i j b j k c k i = + = + = +

, find a unit vector in the direction of a b c + +

.

3. The position vectors of the points P, Q and R are

2 3 , 2 3 5 , 7 i j k i j k i k + + ÷ + + ÷

respectively. Prove that

P, Q and R are collinear.

4. If

2 3 , 2 4 5 a i j k b i j k = + + = + ÷

represents two adjacent sides of a parallelogram, find unit vectors parallel

to the diagonals of the parallelogram.

5. Prove that the points

, 4 3 , 2 4 5 i j i j k i j k ÷ + + ÷ +

are the vertices of a right angled triangle.

6. If the position vectors of the vertices of a triangle ABC are

2 3 , 2 3 , 3 2 i j k i j k i j k + + + + + +

, prove that

ABC A is an equilateral triangle.

7. Write the position vector of a point dividing the line segment joining points A and B with position vectors

and a b

externally in the ratio 1: 4, where

2 3 4 and a i j k b i j k = + + =÷ + +

.

8. Find the projection of b c +

on a

, where

2 2 , 2 2 and 2 4 a i j k b i j k c i j k = ÷ + = + ÷ = ÷ +

.

9. If

2 and 3 2 a i j k b i j k = + + = + ÷

, find the value of

( ) ( )

3 . 2 a b a b + ÷

.

10. Find a vector whose magnitude is 3 units and which is perpendicular to each of the vectors

3 4 a i j k = + ÷

and 6 5 2 b i j k = + ÷

.

11. If , and a b c

be three vectors such that 0 a b c + + =

and 3, 5, 7 a b c = = =

, find angle between and a b

.

12. If and a b

are vectors such that 2, 3 and . 4, find and a b a b a b a b = = = ÷ +

.

13. If a and b

are unit vectors and is the angle between them, prove that

1

sin

2 2

a b

= ÷

and

1

cos

2 2

a b

= +

.

14. Show that the points , and A B C with position vectors

2 , 3 5 , 3 4 4 i j k i j k i j k ÷ + ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷

respectively, are

the vertices of the right triangle. Also, find the remaining angles of the triangle.

15. If

2 3 and 3 2 a i j k b i j k = + ÷ = ÷ +

, then show that a b +

is perpendicular to a b ÷

.

16. Find the angle between the vectors a b +

and a b ÷

, if

2 3 and 3 2 a i j k b i j k = ÷ + = + ÷

.

17. Express the vectors

5 2 5 a i j k = ÷ +

as sum of two vectors such that one is parallel to the vector 3 b i k = +

and the other is perpendicular to b

.

18. The dot products of a vector with the vectors

3 , 3 2 and 2 4 i j k i j k i j k + ÷ + ÷ + +

are 0, 5, 8 respectively.

Find the vector.

19. Find a unit vector perpendicular to each of the vectors

4 3 and 2 2 a i j k b i j k = ÷ + = + ÷

.

20. If 26, 7 and 35, find . a b a b a b = = × =

.

21. Find the area of the triangle whose adjacent sides are determined by the vectors 2 5 and a i k =÷ ÷

2 b i j k = ÷ ÷

.

22. Find the area of the parallelogram whose adjacent sides are determined by the vectors

3 2 and a i j k = + ÷

3 4 b i j k = ÷ +

.

23. Find the area of the parallelogram whose diagonals are determined by the vectors

2 3 6 and a i j k = + ÷

ˆ

3 4 b i j k = ÷ ÷

.

24. Show that points whose position vectors are

5 6 7 , 7 8 9 , 3 20 5 a i j k b i j k c i j k = + + = ÷ ÷ = + +

are collinear.

25. Let

, 3 , 7 a i j b j k c i k = ÷ = ÷ = ÷

. Find a vector d

such that it is perpendicular to both and a b

,and . 1 c d =

26. If , , a b c

are the position vectors of the vertices , and a A B C of ABC A respectively, find an expression

for the area of ABC A and hence deduce the condition for the points , and A B C to be collinear.

27. If

a i j k = + +

,

c j k = ÷

are given vectors, then find a vector b

satisfying equations a b c × =

and . 3 a b=

.

28. If , , a b c

are three vectors such that 0 a b c + + =

, then prove that a b b c c a × = × = ×

.

29. If and a b c d a c b d × = × × = ×

, show that a d ÷

is parallel to b c ÷

, where , a d b c = =

.

30. If . . and and 0 a b a c a b a c a = × = × =

, then show that b c =

.

ANSWERS

1. , , , , , 2 , 2 , 2 CD b a DE a EF b FA a b AC a b AD b AE b a CF a = ÷ =÷ =÷ = ÷ = + = = ÷ =÷

2.

( )

1

3

i j k + +

4.

( )

1

3 6 2

7

i j k + ÷

,

( )

1

2 8

69

i j k + ÷

7.

11

3 5

3

i j k + +

8. 2 9. 15 ÷

10.

2 2 i j k ÷ +

11.

0

60 12. 5 , 21 14.

1 1

35 6

cos , cos

41 41

÷ ÷

| | | |

| |

| |

\ . \ .

16.

2

17.

6 2 , 2 i k i j k + ÷ ÷ +

18.

2 i j k + +

19.

( )

1

2 2

3

i j k ÷ + +

20. 7 21.

1

165 sq.units

2

22. 10 3sq. units 23.

1

1274 sq. units

2

25.

( )

1

3

4

i j k + +

26. ( )

1

2

ar ABC a b b c c a A = × + × + ×

;

0 a b b c c a × + × + × =

27.

( )

1

5 2 2

3

b i j k = + +

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