You are on page 1of 6

KELLEY VS MICKENBERG

L E N A S H E O R E Y
P R O F E S S O R M A R C B O U S Q U E T
E N G L I S H 3 6 3
E M O R Y U N I V E R S I T Y

MARY KELLEY| LEARNING TO STAND AND
SPEAK
• Focuses on the relationship between women’s education
and the subsequent changes in their place in society
• Focuses on the necessity of education in order for women
to claim all rights that are included in their citizenship
• Initially, the concept of an “intellectual woman” was
oxymoronic
• “intellect” was confined to domestic tasks and their
corresponding extensions
• But Kelley refuses to limit women’s education to home-oriented
tasks and instead realizes that education allows women to be
opinion-makers

KELLEY CONTINUED
• However, by the 1850s…
• Most women were receiving some sort of education even if they did not
pursue a profession related to their academics
• This education was modeled after the men’s universities
• Yet, this education helped them to form networks that allowed them to
make a change and have an impact in their world
• Examples of these networks include the formation of literary societies and
reading circles

• This increase in education led to a higher involvement in
public life for women, and allowed them to exercise their
newly acquired intellectual tools

JULIA MICKENBERG| TALES FOR LITTLE REBELS: A
COLLECTION OF RADICAL CHILDREN’S LITERATURE

• Encourages children to question the authority of
those in power
• Stand out instead of conforming
• Shames blind obedience
• Social justice and social order

• Emphasizes 20th century leftist values




Peace
Caring for the environment
Equality (gender and racial)
Civil rights
Importance of labor

MICKENBERG CONTINUED
• Also emphasizes means of achieving these values



Collective action
Using imagination
Constantly questioning
Developing critical thinking skills

• Recognizes that children must be able to see
themselves in the books they read for anything to
resonate with them
• Includes a wide diversity of photographs and illustrations
so that the children can identify with the stories

SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES
Kelley

A focus on women
specifically

Changing existing
policies in favor of a
newer one

Neutral ideals –
focuses more on
women as a whole

Applied to an earlier
time period

Mickenberg

A focus on children
specifically

Rather than changing
existing policies, places
an emphasis on shaping
the new generation
from the start

Leftist ideals

Applied to a more
recent time period

An emphasis
on minorities
• Encourages
challenging
the status
quo
• Encourages
social
activism
rather than
passivity