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CLOSED-LOOP DISCONTINUOUS MODULATION TECHNIQUE FOR CAPACITOR

VOLTAGE RIPPLES AND SWITCHING LOSSES REDUCTION IN MODULAR


MULTILEVEL CONVERTERS
ABSTRACT
In this paper, a new discontinuous modulation technique is presented for the operation of
the modular multilevel converter (MMC). The modulation technique is based on adding a zero
sequence to the original modulation signals so that the MMC arms are clamped to the upper or
lower terminals of the dc-link bus. The clamping intervals are controlled according to the
absolute value of the output current to minimize the switching losses of the MMC. A significant
reduction in the capacitor voltage ripples is achieved, especially when operating with low
modulation indices. Furthermore, a circulating current control strategy suita le for this
modulation technique is also proposed. Simulation and experimental results under various
operating points are reported along with evaluation and comparison results against a
conventional carrier-based pulse width modulation method.