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COMPACT LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE-BASED AAA CLASS

SOLAR SIMULATOR: DESIGN AND APPLICATION PECULIARITIES


ABSTRACT
In this paper, we report on the efficient design of a light-emitting diode (LED)-based
AAA class solar simulator, employing only 19 high-power emitters for a usable illuminated area
of at least 5 cm in diameter with at least 1 sun irradiance. Such a low number of emitters was
achieved by selectively employing secondary optics for several LED groups and taking
advantage of wide emission angle for others. The so-called A class spectrum was also achieved
for the larger area of more than 6 cm 6 cm, covering zones with B and C class irradiance
nonuniformity. Five distinct solar cell external quantum efficiency spectra were considered for
theoretical evaluation of possiblemeasurement peculiarities related to different solar cell
technologies. These computer-generated spectra contained essential features, which is typical for
highefficiency crystalline and amorphous silicon, Cu(In,Ga)Se2, and Cu2 ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cell
technologies. Significant photocurrent distribution nonuniformity change is predicted only for
amorphous silicon cells due to a much narrower efficient absorption spectrum.