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2/

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3/ vufzufpdu
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4/ vufzufrsdK;aph

5/ ysKd;yifysdK;jcif;

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7/ ysKd;udkif;pdkufenf;

10

8/ vufzufajymif;a&TUpdu
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11

9/ pdkufysKd;NyD; vufzufyif umuG,fapmifha&Smufenf;

12

10/ vufzufyifuidk f;jzwfenf;ESifhjyKjyifenf;

13

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15

12/ vufzufcl;jcif;

16

13/ vufzufESifyh wfoufjyD;w&kwjf ynfwiG fusifo


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1/ ed'gef;
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20
20

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uGJoGm;onfh rsdK;aphrsm;rS atmifaph ratmifaph rsdK;aphrsm;ukd cGJjcm;Edik fonf/
rsdK;aphtBuD;ti,fcGJjcm;jcif;
rsdK;aphtrsdK;tpm;cGJjcm;&ef pum(4)rsKd; &Sdonf/ (1.6-rDvrD Dwm)? (1.4-rDvrD Dwm)?
(1.2-rDvrD Dwm) ESifh (1-rDvDrw
D m) trsKd;tpm;rsm; jzpfonf/
pOf
1
2
3
4
5

rsdK;apY tcsif; (pifwrD Dwm) wpfusifwiG fyg0ifaomrsdK;apYta&twGuf


(aevSef;NyD;)
1.6 xufMuD;
300
1.4-1.6
300-400
1.2-1.4
400-500
1-1.2
500-600
1atmufi,f
600

rsdK;aphpepfwus odr f;qnf;enf;


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tajcmufukd wpfvufr txlavmufxm;&SdNyD; rsdK;aphudk (3-4) vufr txlxnfhNyD;
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r0ifEdkiaf om ae&mjzpf&rnf/ wl;NyD;aom ajrmif; EIwcf rf;udk yd;k rTm;rsm;uif;&Sif;ap&ef
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5/ ysdK;yifysdK;jcif;
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pdu
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36000 _ 0.7 = 25200-yif
42000 _ 0.7 = 29400-yif
xdkYaMumifw
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6/ udki;f ul;yifa&G;cs,fenf;
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rsKd;udkif;jzwfowfr Swfjcif;
a&m*guif;aom t&Guu
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udki;f jzwfenf;
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pdu
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7/ ysKd;udki;f pdu
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k fvQif vufrESihf vufoef;t&G,f udik f;udk t&GufrSudkiNf yD; udkif;udk (40)
'D*&Dapmif; jznf;jznf;pdu
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pdu
k x
f m;aom ysdK;yifudk tcsderf SefrSef a&avmif;&rnf/ aea&mifjcnfESihf rd;k &Gmaom'Pf
cHEidk fap&ef trd;k tum xm;&Sd&rnf/
xdef;odrf;apmifYa&Smufjcif;
pdu
k x
f m;aom ysdK;yifukd aocsmpGm xde;f odr;f apmifah &Smuf&rnf/ a&vdktyfcsufay:
rlwnf eHeuf wpfBudrf? nae wpfBudrf (odkYr[kw)f (3-4) &ufwpfBudrf a&avmif;
ay;&rnf/
ysdK;yifrsm;udk aygif;jruf&iS f;ay;&rnf/ a&m*gydk;rTm;rsm; rusa&mufap&ef *kpdu
k af y;&rnf/
ysKd;yifrsm;udk ajrMoZmxnfhay;&rnf/ ysdK;yifoufwrf; (3)v aemufydik f; EGm;acs;t&nf
xnfhay;&rnf/ xdu
k JYodkY xnfhay;NyD;aemuf ysdK;yifrsm;udk a&at;jzifh zsef;ay;&rnf/

ysKd;yifoufwrf; (1) vMumNyD;aemuf aetum? rdk;tumrsm;udk eHeufcif;ESifh


naecif;wGif z,fay;&rnf/
rSwcf suf/ / aeYvnfcif;wGif rz,faf y;&yg/ tyifrsm; aoqH;k Edkiaf omaMumifjh zpfonf/
ysKd;yifudk pdu
k cf if;wGifpdkufysdK;rnfqdkygu rlvajra[mif; xnf
h pdkufysdK;ay;&rnf/
8/ vufzufajymif;a&TUpdkufjcif;
ajrmif;wl;pdkufysKd;enf;
ajrmif;wl;pdkufysKd;jcif;jzihf
1. wl;xm;aom ajrBuD;onf aetyl&Sed faMumifh ydk;rTm;a&m*grsm; aoapEdik fonf/
2. ajrmif;wl;pdkufysKd;enf;wGif obm0ajrMoZmxnfhvQif ajrBuD;xJokdY tvG,fwul
pdr0fh ifEdik fonf/
10

3. ajrmif;wl;NyD;vQif ajrudk t&ifxnfhyg/ 4if;aemuf obm0ajrMoZmudk xnfyh g/


aemufqkH;wGif tay:,Hajrudk xnfh&rnf/ odkYrSom vufzufyif oefpGr;f aom
ajrtaetxm; &&Sdrnf/
ajrwl;onfhtcsdef
ajrmif;wl;NyD; (3) vMumonftxd xm;yg/ xdak jrmif;xJodkY ajrMoZmxnfhNyD;ygu
ajrBuD;tmedoif aumif;vmonf/ ajrmif;wl;xm;aom ajrudk tcsde fwkdtwGi;f pdkufysdK;ygu
tyifBuD;xGm;EIe;f raumif;yg/
ajrmif;wl;uefYowfcsuf
ajrmif;wl;aomtcg teufE Sihftus,ftuGmta0;rSm (1) aypDw;l pdkufajrmif;
wpfabmifEiS fw
h pfabmif tuGmta0;rSm (5)ay jzpfonf/

a&TUpdu
k ef nf;
1. vufzufyifa&TUpdkufcsdefrmS (ZGefv) rdk;rsm;csdefwGif pdkuyf sdK; Edik fygonf/
2. vufzufyifa&TUpdkufvQif tjrpfem;&Sd ajrtenf;i,f xnfh,l pdu
k fysdK;Ekid fonf/
(udki;f ul;yif)
3. vufzufaphysKd;yif a&TUpdu
k v
f Qif pdkufyifrS tdwfudk z,f& Sm;ay;&rnf/
4. vufzufaphysdK;yifpdu
k fvQif tjrpfukd uspfuspfav;zd tay:,Hajrom;udk zGzaG v;
xnfhay;&rnf/
5. vufzufyifa&TUpdkufvQif ysdK;yifudk ajrmif;tv,fwiG f rpdkufbJ ajrmif;wpfbufud k
uyfpkdufysdK;yg/
6. udki;f ul;pdkufysKd;yifjzpfygu pdkuyf if\ tjrpfudk eufeufav; pdkufay;&rnf/
7. ajrBuD;onf oJajrjzpfygu cyfeufeuf pdu
k fay;yg/ ajrap; jzpfygu
wdrfwrd fpu
dk f &ygonf/
8. vufzufyif wpfyifcsif; tuGmta0;rSm wpfayjzpfygonf/
9. vufzufyifrsm;udk yljyif;aom ae&mwGif t&dyfjyKvkyf ay;&rnf/

11

9/ pdu
k yf sKd;NyD; vufzufyif umuG,fapmifah &Smufenf;
1. ajrqG aygif;jruf&iS f;jcif;/
2. BudKwif ajymif;zl; (odkYr[kwf) yJyif pdu
k fay;yg/ tb,faMumifYqadk omf
vufzufyifudk aetyl&eSd f wddkufdkufrxdrdap&ef jzpfonf/
3. aqmif;wGif;tcsdeq
f dkvQif yJyifSy
f pdu
k yf g/ yJyifpdkufjcif;aMumifh ajrMoZm&NyD;
ESif;'Pfukdvnf;
umuG,fEidk fonf/
owdxm;&rnfrmS
vufzufyif\
ab;ywfvnf wpfaytuGmta0;wGif jrufyifudk vufjzifh EIwaf y;yg/ jrufEIwNf yD;
aemufydik f;
vufzufyif\
ajc&if;wGif
ajrudk
xyfyHkay;yg/
tb,faMumifq
h adk omf aEG&moDwiG f aetvGe fyNl yD; ajrrsm; uGJtufaomaMumifh
tyifaovG,o
f nf/
aqmif;&moDwGif
yvyfpwpf
tdwfpyG fay;jcif;jzifh
ESif;'PfcHEidk fonf/
4. vufzufyifi,frsm;udk ajrmif;wl;NyD; obm0ajrMoZmESiYf "gwfajrMoZm
xnfhay;Edkio
f nf/ obm0ajrMoZmrsm;udk xnfhygu wpf{uvQif usif(2000)
xnfhay;&rnf/ "gwfajrMoZmxnfhvQif wpf{uudk usif(120) xnfh ay;&rnf/
(3)v wpfBudr f xnfah y;yg/ ajrMoZmxnfhNyD;aemufydkif; ajrudk nDa tmifSdNyD;
ajymif;yif? yJyifrsm;udk wNydKifeufwnf; Syf pdkufay;yg/ ajrMoZmxnfhvQif
tyifESifh
wpfayuGm
ajrmif;wl;
ajrMoZm
xnfyh g/
ajrmif;wl;enf;aemufwpfrsdK;rSm
vufzufyifab;ywfywfvnf
axmifhav;axmifw
h iG f ajrBuD;udk wl; ajrMoZmjznfhyg/ vufzufyif (1) ESpf rS
(2) ESpfom;t&G,fqdkvQif ajrmif;ukd (5-6) vufr wl;yg/ (3) ESpfrS (4) ESpftyif
(6-7)vufr wl;yg/
5. vufzufyifudk yd;k rTm;usa&mufrrI S umuG,f&ef vufzufcif;wGif tNrJMunfY&IU
apmifYa&Smuf vdt
k yfygu bufpkHy;dk rTm; umuG,fESdref if;enf;udko;Hk umuG, f
&rnf/
6. tjcm; umuG,ef nf;rsm;rSm jcHpnf;dk;cwf umuG,fjcif;? aygif;jrufrsm;&Si f;
umuG,jf cif;? oD;Syf pdkufysdK;jcif;/
7. oD;xyf oD;Sypf u
dk yf sKd;&ef aEG&moD (3-4) v twGif;rSm ajymif;zl;pdkuf
aqmif;&moDwiG f yJpu
dk yf g/ oD;xyfo;D Syf pdkufysdK;vQif vufzufyifESifh wpfay
tuGmwGif pdu
k yf g/ oD;xyfoD;Syf pdu
k fysKd;jcif;rSm tyd0k ifaiG &&Sd pD;yGm;a&;
ajymif;vJvmrnf/ rd;k a&wdkufpm;jcif;vnf; umuG,Ef idk fonf/ oD;xyfo;D Syf
pdu
k yf sKd;jcif;aMumifh aqmif;&moDwiG f vufzufyif tat;'Pf cHEdkio
f nf/ oD;xyf
oD;Syf&dwo
f rd f;NyD;vQif obm0ajrMoZm jzpf&ef ajrBuD;xJodkY jyefjrKyfay;yg/
8. vufzufyif t&dy&f ap&ef opfMum;yif xnfhpdkufysKd;Edik fonf/
9. opfMum;yifpkdufvQif yifMum; wef;Mum; (24-ay _ 30-ay) pdu
k f ay;yg/
vufzufyif ckEpS fajrmif;vQif opfMum;yif wpfajrmif; Sypf du
k fay;yg/
10. vufzufyifudk a&ay;Edki&f eftwGuf a&uefrsm;wl; a&udk odkavSmifxm;&rnf/

12

10/ vufzufyifudki;f jzwfenf;ESi fh jyKjyifenf;


vufzufyifudkif;jzwf&jcif;\
&nf&,
G cf sufrSm
vufzufeT fYcl;&mwGif
vG,u
f lap&ef?
vufzufc;l onhf
{&d,mtus,ft0ef;
rsm;vmap&ef?
t&nftaoG;aumif;rGefap&ef?
vufzufuidk f;rsm;udk
nDw
T fap&ef? aea&mifjcnf aumif; aumif; &&Sdap&ef
jzpfonf/ tTefYydkxGufap&ef yef;yGiEfh Sihf toD;rsm;udk
z,f&mS ;ay;&rnf/
vufzufyifudkif;jzwf&rnfhtcsdef
vufzufyifi,faomtcsdefwGif
wpfEpS fvSsifwpfMudr f
udki;f jzwfay;&rnf/ a&TzDvufzuftTefY rxGufcif udkif;jzwf
ay;&rnf/
vufzufyiftku
d dk ckw
f Syyf gu vufzuf txGu f
enf;Edkiaf omaMumifY a&TzDcsdef vufzufcl;NyD;rSom udkif;jzwf
ay;yg/
tyifi,fudk atmufajc (1-ay) xm;NyD; tay:tTefYukd (5-6) vufrcefY
Syfay;yg/
(yxr tBudrjf zwfenf;)
'kw,
d tBudrw
f iG f Sy fNyD;aom tyifr S xGufvmaom
tTeYf tzsm;udk (6)vufr xyfSyaf y;yg/
vufzufc;l yifudk udik f;jzwfenf;
vufzufc;l yifudk udkif;jzwfaomtcg (*)yHk oPmef 0dkuf
Syfay;&rnf/

13

vufzufyiftkd udkif;jzwfenf;
vufzufyiftku
d dk udkif;jzwfenf;rSm tyif\ udkif;wpf0ufausmf jzwfay;yg/

aemufjzwfenf;wpfrsdK;rSm tjrpfEiS fh ajr (5)vufr tuGmxm; jzwfay;yg/

txufyg jzwfenf;ESpfenf;rSm tyiftdkudk jyefvnfoefprG f;Edkiaf om ukid f;jzwfenf;


jzpfonf/
11/ vufzufyifudki;f ul;enf;
vufzufyif udkif;ul;enf;\ tm;omcsufrSm
t&nftaoG;raumif;aom vufzufyifudk t&nftaoG;aumif;aom vufzufyifESifh
pyfay;ygu t&nftaoG;aumif;aom vufzufyifjzpfvmrnf/
wpfEpS fywfv;Hk wGi f rd;k tHkYaom tcsdeEf Sifh rdk;&GmNyD;at;aomtcsde?f aeomaomtcsderf sm;wGif
udki;f ul;&ef taumif;qH;k tcsdef jzpfonf/ (rdk;&Gmaomtcsdef udik f;ul;ygu raumif;yg)/
tyiftdk\ jzwfxm;aom tzsm;om udkif;ul;ay;yg/ udkif;ul;xGufvmaom
tTeYf tzsm;udk jzwfay;yg/

14

2012
2012 1 10
10

udki;f ul;&efvdt
k yfaom ypn;f rsm;rSm uyfaMu;? a&bl;? ausmufvuf? "g;? vufjzwfvT?
rd;k umESifhyvyfpwpf tMunfwdkY jzpfonf/
udki;f ul;vufzufyifxde;f odrf;enf;rSm udik f;ul;xm;aom udik f;udk yvyfpwpfjzifh
aocsmywf xm;yg/ vufzufyif tTefY (3)&Guf xGufvmvQif tumudk jzKwfay;&rnf/
t&nftaoG; aumif;aom vufzufyifjzpfvmap&ef ajrudkaomfvnf;aumif;? NcHukad omf
vnf;aumif;? tyifukad omfvnf;aumif; ajymif;vJay;&rnf/
ajrudk ajymif;vJjcif;qdkonfrmS ajrmif;wl; ajrudk wl;qGay;yg/
NcHudk ajymif;vJjcif;qdkonfrmS
tyl&Sde&f SdvQif tumtuG,fay;NyD; tylcsderf &SdvQif
tumtuG,f jzKwfay;jcif;ukd qkv
d o
dk nf/ vufzufrsKd; trsm;pkrmS (20-30) 'D*&D
pifw*D &dww
f Gif BuD;xGm; Edkio
f nf/ 30- 'D*&D pifw*D &dwf txuf (odkYr[kwf) 20-'D*&D
pifw*D &dwaf tmuf a&muf&Sdygu BuD;xGm;EIef; usqif;Edkio
f nf/ tpdk"gwfrmS (85)%ESifh
(75)% tMum;wGif &Sd&rnf/ wpfrlvQif tyif (1200) pdkuyf sdK;yg/

2 0 1 2 4 1 1

15

12/ vufzufc;l jcif;


vufzufc;l vQif ESpf&GufwpfneT fY Nzpf&rnf/ vufzuf&Gufudk tem r&Sdatmif cl;yg/
vufzufxnfah om awmif;onf oefY&Sif;&rnf/ av0ifavxGufaumif;&rnf/ vufzuf
tEkyif (tyifi,f) cl;vQif tay:,HtTeYf cl;ay;yg/ tyiftcdk l;vQif wpfqifhNyD;wpfqifh
cl;ay;&rnf/ cl;NyD;aom vufzufudk rzdbJ t&dyfa tmufxm;yg/ yvyfpwpftdwEf Sifh
rxnf&h /
'kw,
d enf;- wpfTeYf o;Hk &Guf cl;enf;rSm vufzufprd f; jyKvkyfaom ukeMf urf;jzpfonf/
wwd,enf;- wpfTeYf ESifhav;&Guf jzpfonf/ vufzuf&ifh jzpfonf/

13/ vufzufEiS fhywfoufjyD; w&kwjf ynfwiG f usifo


h kH;vsuf&dSonfhtcsufrsm;
w&kwjf ynfwiG f usef;rm;a&;twGuf aumif;rGeaf om vufzuf? tqdyftawmufr&Sd
oH"gwfr&Syd gu tpdk;& usef;rma&;Xme\ cGifhjyKcsuf &&SEd dik fonf/ usef;rma&;twGu f
aumif;rGeaf om vufzufNcH jyKjyifenf;rSm av0ifavxGufaumif;ap&ef aqmif&Guf&rnf/
a&&&SEd dik frIEiS fh ajrqDMoZmaumif;&rnf/
vufzufpdkufysdK;&ef taumif;qHk;rSm awmif? a&ajrmif;? a&tdki?f t&dyf&aom tyifBuD;
&S&d rnf/
ajrmif;wl;ay;&rnf/
awmifuek f;wGifpdkufvQif
ajravQmrusap&ef(ajrqDvmT jyKef;wD;rI rjzpfap&ef) jyKjyif umuG,&f rnf/
rsKd;yifa&G;cs,fenf;rSm wpfae&mESifh wpfae&m trsdK;tpm;rwlbJ ysdK;yifpdkufvQif
usef;rm oefprG f;aom tyifudk a&G;cs,fpkdufay;&rnf/ ajrudk wl;qGay;jcif;onf
vufzufyif &Sifoefjcif; twGuf t"dutcsuf jzpfonf/ ajrwl;qGNyD; tay:,Hajrom;ESi fh
ajrtrmudk cGjJ cm;xnfyh g/ ajrwl;qGonfh teufrmS (2) vufr &So
d nf/
vufzufjzifx
h kwfvkyfxm;aom tpm;taomufrsm;
vufzufygaom tpm;taomufrsm;rSm wkwfjynfwiG f (9) &mpkESpf rSp
wDxiG faom ukejf zpfonf/ wpfEkdiif HvkH; jzefYcsda&mif;csay;onf/ pm;aomufuke f
xkwv
f kyaf om tpdrf;a&mifvufzufjzifh jyKvkyaf om tpm;tpmonf tpdk;&cGifjh yKcsuf
&&Sdaom trSww
f Hqdyf jzpf&rnf/ tpdrf;a&mif pm;aomufukefypn;f rsm;udk (u)
trsdK;tpm; ESihf (c) trsdK;tpm;[l (2) rsdK;cGJ xm;onf/ (u) trsdK;tpm;rSm vufzufNcH&Sd
16

vufzufyifrsm;wGif "gwfajrMoZm toHk;rjyKbJ obm0ajrMoZmjzifhom pdkufysKd;xm;aom


vufzufjzihf jyKvkyjf cif;jzpfonf/ (c) trsdK;tpm;rSm "gwfajrMoZmESifh yd;k owfaq;
toH;k jyKcGi &fh xm;aomfvnf;
owfr Swfxm;aom
"mwfajrMoZmESihf
yk;d owfaq;yrmPudkom oH;k pGJciG fh jyKxm;onf/ wkwfjynfwiG f NrdKUe,f (17) NrdKUe,fESifh
txl;a'o (36)ck? vufzufxGufa'o (81)ck vufzufxGuf ukrPDrsm; pkaygif;
oabmwlnrD I &,lNyD; tpdrf;a&mifvufzuf tpm;tpmrsm; xkwfvkyo
f nf/
tpdrf;a&mifvufzuftpm;tpmtwGuf t"duta&;tBuD;qH;k rSm vufzufNcH ywf0ef;usif?
a&ESiafh jroefY&iS f;&rnf/ odkYr Som xGufukefypnf;rsm;rSm oefU&Sif;vwfqwf tm[m&
jynfh0aom ypnf;rsm; xGuv
f mrnf/
vufzufyif ydk;rTm;umuG,fESdrfeif;enf;
vufzufyifwGif usa&mufaom ydk;rTm;rsm;udk taumifuyfaom (ap;uyf)
axmifacsmuf
rsm;udk
toHk;jyK
umuG,fEkdifonf/
tcsdKUtaumifrsm;ud k
rD;axmifacsmufrsm; toHk;jyK ESdref if;Edik fonf/
14/ vufzufpkduyf sdK;xkwfvky&f mwGif vdkufem&rnfhtcsufrsm;
vufzufpdkufysdK;&mwGif "mwkaq;rsm; vkH;0roHk;&/
vufzufNcH ywf0ef;usifwGif aumufd;k rD;rsm; rIdU&/
vufzufpdkufcif;onf av0ifavxGuf aumif;&rnf/
vufzufrsm;udk tjcm;t&mrsm;ESihf a&mrxnf&h /
vufzufc;l csderf SpNyD;
vufzufajcmufxw
k fvkycf sdet
f xd
tprS
rSww
f rf;&Sd&rnf/
vufzufxkwfukerf sm;udk ESpfESpx
f ufausmfvGef odkavSmifNcif; rNyK&ay/

tqHk;

17

vufzufNcHajymif;vJjcif;ESifh vufzufNcHtopf wnfaxmifjcif;


vufzufjcHonf NrdKU? aus;&Gm? vrf;rBuD;rsm;ESi fh a0;&rnf/ odkYrSom pufrHk sm;rS
rD;cd;k aiGUESifh vlYywf0ef;usifrS umAGe'f idk fatmufqdk'f "mwfaiGUrsm; uif;a0; vufzufcif;
rsm;onf aumif;rGefvmygrnf/ vufzufNcH\ t"dutcsufrSm ajr? a&? av aumif;rGef&ef
jzpfonf/
vufzufNcHxed f;odr;f umuG,fenf;
awmifuek f;? acsmif;? a&ajrmif;? a&tdik f obm0opfawm ponfwdkYonf vufzuf
NcHudk obm0'PfrS umuG,fEdkifonf/
txufyg obm0tumuG,fr&Syd gu ESpf&n
S fyifrsm;ESifh a&m oD;xyfo;D Syf
pdu
k af y; &rnf/ vufzufNcHukd xdef;odr;f umuG,fNyD; aumif;rGeaf tmif jyKNyif&rnf/
vufzuf NcH ukd obm0ajrMoZmrSerf Sefxnfah y;NyD; ajrqDMoZm aumif;rGeaf p&ef
*kpkdufay;&rnf/ vufzuf NcHudk yd;k rTm;umuG,fay;&rnf/ w&kwjf ynfwiG f vufzufESifh
yufoufNyD; ppfaq;
aomtcg tpm;taomufMuD;Muyf xkwfvkyfa&;XmerS
cGijfh yKcsufr&&Sv
d Qif
vufzufcif;udk
jyefvnf
jyKNyifvyk faqmif
jyefvnf
ppfaq;cH&onf/
vufzufNcHtopf wdk;csJUjcif;
vufzufNcHwiG f vufzufyif ajrmif;wdki;f ukefxkwfvrf; &S&d rnf/ odYk rSom
vufzufc;l &ef vG,fuljcif;? vufzufo,f&ef vG,fuljcif;? ajrMoZmwifonfh um;rsm;
tvG,fwul 0ifEdkirf nf/ vrf;\ tus,fonf (18-24) ay tus,f&Sd&rnf/
vlomG ;vrf;rSm (4.6) ay &S&d rnf/
rd;k &GmNyD; pD;usvmaom a&rsm; vufzufyiftm; rxdap&ef ajrmif;ay;NyD; awmif
atmufwiG f a&ajrmif;? a&tdkirf sm;? qnfajrmif;rsm; jyKvkyx
f m;&rnf/
vufzufNcHtopfwdk;csJU&efajr\ awmifapmif;onf 25 'D*&D ausmffvGeyf gu
vufzuf pdkufysdK;&ef roifYay/ vufzufyifvdki;f t&SnfrmS ay (150) &S&d rnf/ ajrudk
twdik f;twm MunfhNyD; pdu
k fay;yg/
ukef;ajrvufzufNcHrSm avSum;xpfrsm;jyKvkyf pdu
k fysdK;ay;&rnf/ avSum;xpf
pdu
k yf sdK;vQif tus,fonf (4.6) ay xuf renf;apbJ pdkufay;yg/ t&dyf&ap&ef
ESpf&n
S yf if pdkufysKd;ay;&rnf/ ESpf&Snfyifpkduaf y;jcif;tm;jzifh 0ifaiGudkvnf; wdk;aponf/
Oyrm- opfMum;yifpkdufjcif;/

18

tcsdeftwG,f? twdki;f twmrsm;


1 {u
= 6.07 rl
1 ydm
= 1.63 uDvkd*&rf
1 uDvkd*&rf
= 2 usif (w&kwf)
1 rDwm
= 3.28 ay
1 'D*&Dpifw*D &dwf = 33.8 'D*&Dzm&if[ku
d f

19