You are on page 1of 3

# EXPERIMENT 6

## DATE: Jan 26, 2015

Topic: Thermochemistry
Purpose: To determine the heat of reaction
Material: Approx. 100 ml hydrochloric acid (KA1),
1 spatula Na2CO3 (KA2) &
1 spatula NaHCO3 (KA3)

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Switch off all the fans.
2. In step 3, pour KA2 @ KA3 into
KA1carefully and swiftly. Avoid
splashing.
Avoid pouring KA2 @ KA3 on the
thermometer or the wall of the polysteryne
cup.

Procedure:
1.

KA1

## Let KA1 stand

for a few min

Thermometer

plastic cup
30.00 ml KA1
plastic cup

Record T1 in table

into plastic cup

2.

3.

KA2

KA2

KA1

M1
4.

## Pour KA2 quickly at one go,

avoid splashing
5.

Thermometer

empty tube
plastic cup
30.00 ml KA1
Stir,
Record highest temperature, T2
6. Repeat experiment with KA1 and KA3.
T2 = Minimum temperature

M2

Results:
(b)
Weigh of test-tube + solid/ g
Weigh of empty test-tube / g
Weigh of solid / g
Initial temperature of acid/ C
Final temperature of mixture/ C
Temperature change/ C
Discussion:
(c)
(i)

KA2
M1
M2
M1 M2
T1
T2
T2 T1

KA3

## Formula: Heat change , Q = mc

With m = mass of solution, in g
c = specific heat capacity of solution = 4.2 J g1 K1
= Temperature change
The amount of heat @ energy released for the reaction of KA2 with hydrochloric acid
= (30.00)(4.2)( T2 T1) J
= a kJ
The amount of heat @ energy released for the reaction of KA3 with hydrochloric acid
=
= b kJ

(c)

(ii)

## The number of moles of anhydrous sodium carbonate in KA2

M 1M 2
=
2 ( 23.0 ) +14.0+3 (16.0)
= y mole
The number of moles of anhydrous sodium hydrogencarbonate in KA3

=
23.0+ 1.0+14.0+3(16.0)
= z mole

(c)

(iii)

The entalphy change for the reaction of KA2 with hydrochloric acid
a
=
kJ mol1
y
The entalphy change for the reaction of KA3 with hydrochloric acid
b
=
kJ mol1
z

(d)

Na2CO3 + 2HCl

NaHCO3 + HCl

## NaCl + H2O + CO2

(e)

Energy level diagram for the reaction of KA2 and KA3 with hydrochloric acid:

## 2NaCl + 2H2O + 2CO2

2NaHCO3 + 2HCl

(f)

The conversion reaction of sodium hydrogen carbonate to sodium carbonate is represented by:
2NaHCO3

## Na2CO3 + H2O + CO2

H3

Hence, entalphy change for the conversion reaction of sodium hydrogen carbonate to sodium
carbonate, H3
= ( 2H2 ) H1 kJ mol1
=

kJ mol1