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Economic empowerment of

women in PSDI
Dr Vijaya Nagarajan, Senior Gender Expert
Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative
Manila, 21 July
The views expressed in this presentation are the views of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian
Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data
included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on
ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.

Background

Private Sector Development Initiative

Business law
reforms

Financing growth

SOE & PPP

Competition law

Economic
Empowerment
of women

EEOW has two paths – 4 pilots
Fisheries &
supply chain

Corporate
Governance

Pilots

Starting up
businesses

Business
leadership

Corporate governance pilot, Solomon
Islands 2014-15

Fisheries & supply
chain, PNG 20152016

• Women in informal
sector
• Linking loans to skills,
markets, mentoring

Starting up businesses – solar technicians in Solomon Islands

Business Leadership, Tonga 2015-2016
Three aims –
• skills training, mentoring, and networking
• commitment from Tongan businesses to
increasing the participation and progress of
women
• establish links between Australian and Tongan
businesswomen contributing to their
development and their businesses

Integrating EEOW into core areas

Private Sector Development
Initiative
Business law
reforms

Financing
growth

SOE & PPP

Competition
law

Business Law Reforms
• One person company introduced
• Business Names legislation amended
• Online business and company registries

1200
1000
800
women directors

600

women shareholders
400
200
0
2010

• Where to now…

2015

Competition & consumer policy
Issues Paper 1 – Consumer Protection and EEOW
(July 2015)
• Levels of awareness
• Rights to remedies
• Informal economy and laws’ reach

http://www.ccfreview.info/

Finance – and women

Interest rate is too
high
Lack of securities
Loan amount
inadequate

Fiji PNG Solomons Samoa Tonga Vanuatu
26% 41% 33% 17% 28% 56%
13% 19% 28%
10% 7% 11%

33% 28% 6%
11% 0 0

Secured transactions laws
1800

1600

1400

1200

2011

1000

2015
800

600

400

200

0
Equal W&M

Majority W

Majority M

Sustainable markets & EEOW
• Awareness – borrowers and financiers
• Concessional finance
• Increasing market access