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and bacterial infections that are typically associated with cystitis (usually gram-negative rods) in the presence ofurethral stricture. syphilis. anaerobic. proctitis. such as epididymitis. pneumonia. orTrichomonas vaginalis). orchitis.otitis media. reactive arthritis. Urethritis may be associated with other infectious syndromes. Mycoplasma hominis. Rare infectious causes of urethritis include lymphogranuloma venereum. . mycobacterial infection. Other rare but reported causes of urethritis include viral.Pathophysiology Urethritis is an inflammatory condition that can be infectious or posttraumatic in nature. streptococcal. herpes genitalis. Posttraumatic urethritis can occur in 2%-20% of patients practicing intermittent catheterization and following instrumentation or foreign body insertion. and meningococcal infections. Infectious causes of urethritis are typically sexually transmitted and categorized as either gonococcal urethritis (ie. due to infections with Neisseria gonorrhoeae) or NGU (ie. prostatitis. and urinary tract infection. iritis.Ureaplasma urealyticum. due to infections with Chlamydia trachomatis. Mycoplasma genitalium. Urethritis is 10 times more likely to occur with latex catheters than with silicone catheters.

URETHRITIS INFLAMMATION INFECTIOUS SYNDROME POSTTRAUMATIC URETHRITIS FOREIGN BODY INSERTION INTERMITTENT CATHERIZATION EPIPYDIMIS ORCHITIS PROSTATITIS PROCTITIS REACTIVE ARTHRITIS IRITIS PNEUMONIA OTITIS .

MEDIA UTI SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED GONNOCOCCAL URETHRITIS NGU NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS UREAPLASMA UREALYTICUM MYCOPLASMA HOMINIS MYCOPLASMA GENITALIUM TRICHOMONAS VIGANALIS .