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GRAMMAR

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS.(quatifiers)
a) use a few, some , several, many, a lot of, plenty of, a large

ARTICLES

amount of and any with countable nouns.

a) Articles come before nouns. E.g: I have a pen.

b) Use a little, some, much, a lot of, a little amount of, and

b) a – one thing and begin with a consonant sound.

any with uncountable nouns.

(e.g: b, c, d, f, g,etc.)
My father bought me a ball.
c)

Group the countable and uncountable nouns.

an – one thing and begin with a vowel sound.
(e.g : a, e, I , o, u )
Alina always eats an apple a day.

d) the – 1) refer to a noun thaht has been mentioned before.

Carrot

butter

salt

oil

Pizza

tomato

bean

cereal

Milk

cabbage

bread

noodles

Jamal has a pen. The pen is red.
COUNTABLE NOUNS

2) to talk about a particular thing, animal or person.

UNCOUNTABLES NOUNS

That is the violin the musician lost.
3) a noun which is the only one of its kind.
The moon reflects light from the sun.
4) Use with the superlative form of the e
e)adjective.
Rahman is the most talented pianist in our school.
Fill in the blanks below with ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’ where necessary.

Underline the correct answer in the brackets.
1.

How (much, many, little) durians did you buy?

2.

there is only ( much, few, a little ) coffee left in the jug.

1.

The boy is waiting you at ____ gate.

3.

She has eaten ( much, little, some ) oranges just now.

2.

I heard ___ owl hooting last night.

4.

Mr Surinder Singh wants to buy (few, some, many ) petrol for his car.

3.

Razman is ____ fattest boy in ____ class.

5.

The little girl wants some ( much, more, little) ice – cream.

4.

We go to ___ Pulau Langkawi every year.

6.

We have ( a little, many, much ) friends in America.

5.

Please give me ___ piece of cake and ___ glass of milk.

7.

I’m thirsty. Can you give me a little ( much, some, more ) cold drink?

6.

___ few minutes ago, the teacher was in the class.

8.

Swee Lan wants to borrow ( few, some ,much ) money from Mr. Wong.

7.

I bought ____ storybook from this shop.

9.

Mother didn’t cook ( few, any, some ) curry today.

8.

___ hour ago _____ headmaster came and scolded us for making a lot of

10. I need (few, any, some ) more butter for my cakes.

9.

noise.

PREPOSITIONS

I met ____ old man on ___ bridge just now.

Prepositions are words that show location, direction or time.

10. She works as ___ nurse at ______ University Hospital at Kuala Lumpur.

a) p. location – tell us where a thing is located.
The bird is in the nest.

The fish is under the boat.

She looks tired ____ she is sick. Fill in the blanks below with ‘and’. 3. in . 1. _____ she is not sleepy. All the story books are kept (of. Underline the correct answer in the brackets. The pupils usually walk ( between. The children are looking ( at.d) So – use so to show the effect b) P. across. It rained heavily _______ we couldn’t go to school. The policemen ran ( after. 10. You can either finish your work today _____ tomorrow. by) the two robbers. 6. ‘so’. at) the top of his voice. up. Time – tell us when something is done. b) But – to join ideas that are different The river was polluted but it is now clean. The lion is jumping through the hoop e) Because – to give the reason The boat is sailing along the river. through) my house. of ) the elephant. The pupils are happy _________ next week they are going to visit 4. She washed the dishes _______ wiped them. 4. in ) the cupboard. by) 2 o’clock. direction – tell us which way a thing is going. She slept late. over. to ) the hill. Cameron Highlands. on) our house. 7. ‘but’. The headmaster shouted ( on. 2. We saw a rainbow on Sunday. 1. The girl went to the cinema (by. It is getting hotter ________ too many trees have been cut down. a) and – to join ideas that are of the same kind. The railway station is (near. with. about. CONJUNCTIONS They are use to join words or sentences. 5. 7. Kampung Ria was flooded because it rained for three days c) P. 8. over ) the school field. Aminah bought a pen. for. 9. Rosli will be there ( in. against. Look! The eagle is flying (of. The scouts climbed (on. c) Or – when there is a choice Would you like tea or coffee? . 10. It was raining so we did not go out. 3. She came late ___________ the teacher scolded her. We knocked on the door ___________ nobody answered. 2. Sunday comes before Monday. ‘or’. 8. a pencil and a ruler. 9. in. 5. My father was not well ______ he did not want to visit the doctor. 6. or ‘because’. with. to ) her brother.