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The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment

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Published by: plawrence71 on Mar 03, 2010
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The Enlightenment

God  Reason

Previously

Enlightenment

Catalysts for the enlightenment
Science Astronomy Politics Philosophy Economics Social Factors

Catalysts for the Enlightenment
Science 

Newton showed that the motions of objects on Earth and of celestial bodies are governed by the same set of natural laws by demonstrating the consistency between Kepler's laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravitation, thus removing the last doubts about heliocentrism and advancing the scientific revolution.

Heliocentrism

Francis Bacon 1561-1626
H i w o rks e sta b l sh e d s i a n d p o p u l ri d a n a ze i d u cti m e th o d o l g y n ve o fo r sci n ti c i q u i , e fi n ry o fte n ca l e d th e Baconian l method or simply, the scientific method. His demand for a planned procedure of investigating all things natural marked a new turn in the rhetorical and theoretical framework for science, much of which still surrounds conceptions of proper methodology today.

John Locke

John Locke
widely known as the Father of Liberalism, was an English philosopher and physician

regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Considered the first of the British empiricists, he is equally important to social contract theory.

John Locke
 His work had a great impact upon the

development of epistemology and political philosophy.  His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American revolutionaries.  His contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the American Declaration of Independence.  Locke's theory of mind is often cited as the origin of modern conceptions of identity and the self, figuring prominently in the work of later philosophers such as Hume, Rousseau and Kant.

John Locke
Locke was the first to define the self through

a continuity of consciousness. He postulated that the mind was a blank slate or tabula rasa. Contrary to pre-existing Cartesian philosophy, he maintained that we are born without innate ideas, and that knowledge is instead determined only by experience derived from sense perception.

Its all about the EVIDENCE
18th Century becomes all about the

evidence… At the centre is the SCIENTIST. Educated, largley male, wealthy, curious, white, with lots of leisure time. Instrumentation becomes key to revealing the world Knowledge can be expanded God wants us to explore Royal Society

Impact on the study of history
What impact would this have had on the

way historians thought about or studied history? DISCUSS

Gibbon’s work

Royal Society
http://royalsociety.org/Manuscript-Collection/

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