This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Dr. Merrill J. Allen* Dr. Steven M. Beresford Dr. Francis A. Young*
© 2006 American Vision Institute Inc.
*Deceased 2003 and 2006 respectively. Compiled from previous publications.
POWER VISION PROGRAM®
NOTICE TO ALL READERS
The Power Vision Program is an educational tool that is intended to help you see more clearly and comfortably. It is not a medical device nor a substitute for diagnosis or treatment by an eye doctor. The techniques provided are considered to be completely safe but should only be used under the supervision of an eye doctor. If you use the Power Vision Program without the supervision of an eye doctor, you do so entirely at your own risk. It is your sole responsibility to determine if the Power Vision Program is suitable for your intended purpose and by so doing, you assume all risks and liabilities resulting from the application of the techniques and recommendations, including all claims for direct and consequential damages. The Power Vision Program is protected by international copyright laws and must not be reproduced in whole or in part by any means including photocopying, reprinting, or electronic file sharing, without the prior written consent of the American Vision Institute.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION ONE: Welcome to the Power Vision Program 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Good vision is your birthright Meet the doctors Now for some basic terms How your visual system works What really causes bad eyesight What corrective lenses do to your eyes Corrective lenses and eye disease How to use corrective lenses correctly Dealing with eye doctors How to use the Power Vision Program
SECTION TWO: 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 24. 26.
Quick start checklist Download instructions How to use the Deep Relaxation Module Weekly Worksheet Reminder Cards Set yourself realistic goals Strategies for success Advice for different conditions How to get really fast results Give this to your eye doctor
SECTION THREE: The Power Exercise Module 28. 30. 32. Flexing Clocking Conducting 29. 31. 33. Squeezing Detailing Rolling
SECTION FOUR: The Booster Exercise Module 34. 36. Jetting Palming 35. 37. Flashing Acupressure
SECTION FIVE: Research Shows Us The Way 43.
WELCOME TO THE POWER VISION PROGRAM
GOOD VISION IS YOUR BIRTHRIGHT
During the last few decades, a major advance has taken place in the eye care profession. Many simple techniques known as “therapeutic eye exercises” have been developed that can make the eyes healthier and may reduce or even eliminate dependency on corrective lenses. The Power Vision Program gives you the best of these techniques. The Power Vision Program will give your eyes a good basic workout. In contrast to physical exercises, however, eye exercises are not strenuous and are intended to increase the power and accuracy of the focusing system rather than beefing up the eye muscles. Some of the exercises stimulate the flow of nutrients inside the eyes, making them healthier. Other exercises reduce eyestrain from reading or working at a computer and increase “perceptual enhancement”. The good news is that almost all babies have normal healthy eyes. If you could see well as a child, you probably don’t have genetically deformed eyeballs. Likewise, although the aging process catches up with us all, there are lots of elderly people who don’t need glasses or hardly ever wear them. What this means is that poor vision is usually not inherited and can be improved with eye exercises, just like you can improve your body with physical exercises. The bad news is that most eye doctors only do what they are trained to do, which is to prescribe and sell corrective lenses. They aren’t familiar with the research or they just ignore it and continue to do “business as usual”.
MEET THE DOCTORS
The American Vision Institute is a research organization established in 1979 and is incorporated in Oregon. What you’re about to read will probably contradict much of what your eye doctor told you about your eyes and the way they should be treated. Our goal is not to discredit the eye care profession, however, but to improve the quality of eye care offered to the public. We encourage eye doctors to read the research and modify their treatment procedures accordingly. Now let us introduce the doctors who developed the Power Vision Program: Dr. Merrill J. Allen, O.D., Ph.D. Former Professor Emeritus and Head of the School of Optometry at Indiana University. During his career, he personally educated thousands of optometrists and published 231 research papers. He received 21 professional honors including the highest award in optometry, the prestigious “Apollo Award” from the American Optometric Association. Dr. Steven M. Beresford, Ph.D. Founder and Chief Executive Officer of the American Vision Institute. Dr. Beresford is an expert on nuclear chemistry, and has carried out extensive research into the biomechanics of the eyes and natural methods of vision improvement including cataract reversal. Dr Francis A. Young, Ph.D. Former Head of Washington State University’s Primate Research Center and Professor Emeritus of Psychology. He published 95 research papers and received 11 honors including the American Optometric Association’s “Apollo Award” for his myopia research.
NOW FOR SOME BASIC TERMS
Acuity. Clarity of vision, usually expressed as a fraction such as 20/50. The smaller the denominator, the better the acuity. Astigmatism. A condition in which the eyeball and/or cornea are warped. The result is uneven focusing of light and blurred or distorted vision, usually at all distances. Cataract. A degenerative disease caused by dead cells inside the eye’s inner lens, which make the lens cloudy and obstruct the passage of light. A cataract is not a tumor or growth but is usually caused by ultraviolet radiation and poor nutrition. Farsightedness (Hyperopia). A condition in which far objects are seen better than near objects. A farsighted person is called a “hyperope” (pronounced HYPER-ope). Glaucoma. A degenerative disease in which the optic nerve is damaged due to poor blood supply and/or excess pressure inside the eyeball, usually caused by blockages in the eye’s drainage system. Glaucoma can lead to total blindness. Lazy Eye (Amblyopia). A condition in which the brain suppresses nerve impulses from one eye, often leading to subnormal acuity and inferior vision in that eye. Macular Degeneration. A degenerative disease in which cells die in the central part of the retina at the back of the eye, often resulting in partial blindness. Nearsightedness (Myopia). A condition in which near objects are seen better than far objects. A nearsighted person is called a “myope” (pronounced MY-ope). Presbyopia (Aging Eyes). Loss of focusing power due to the aging process. A person with presbyopia is called a “presbyope” (pronounced PREZ-bee-ope).
HOW YOUR VISUAL SYSTEM WORKS
The eye is an approximately spherical bag of cells about an inch in diameter that is filled with a pressured liquid. At the front is the cornea, which is a transparent window of cells that allows light to enter. Behind the cornea is the iris, which is a diaphragm of colored muscle that regulates the amount of light entering the eye.
Behind the iris is the inner lens, which is a flexible capsule of transparent cells. The ciliary muscle surrounds the lens and is responsible for focusing the eye. When the ciliary muscle dilates, it makes the inner lens thinner to focus on distant objects. When the ciliary muscle constricts, it makes the inner lens thicker to focus on near objects. In addition, six extraocular muscles surround each eyeball and are responsible for moving the eyes in their sockets. The cornea and inner lens focus light onto the retina, which is a layer of cells inside the eyeball. Due to optical defects in the eye known as “spherical and chromatic aberrations” and “light scattering and diffraction”, the image on the retina is never perfectly clear, even in perfectly normal eyes. The retina converts the light into electrical pulses that travel up the optic nerve to the brain, where the image is enhanced by the visual cortex in a process known as “hyperacuity”. It may surprise you to know that what we actually see is up to six times clearer than the raw image on the retina!
WHAT REALLY CAUSES BAD EYESIGHT
Traditional eye care is based on the unproven theory that most common visual problems are the result of genetically deformed eyeballs. Even presbyopia (aging eyes) and eye diseases such as cataracts are considered to be genetically influenced. Although there’s an abundance of evidence to the contrary, this theory is still taught at most optometric colleges and medical schools. We’ll explain why later. The truth is that humans evolved to have excellent vision, especially at a distance, because our ancestors were hunters and warriors whose survival depended on it. People with bad eyesight were killed by enemies and predators, so they didn’t survive or reproduce. The fact that humans survived is proof that we too are genetically programmed for excellent vision. The problem is that mass education, TV, and computers force many people to focus on close objects for long periods of time. This is exactly opposite to the way nature intended and imposes a tremendous amount of “nearpoint stress” on the visual system. This affects the focusing muscles and can make the eyeball go out of shape. The most common result of nearpoint stress is myopia (nearsightedness). Muscular malfunction can also play a role in astigmatism, crossed and lazy eyes, and presbyopia. Poor nutrition can be a factor in some cases. Although traditional eye care has helped millions of people lead more productive lives, there are some basic problems with corrective lenses that you need to know about. The way corrective lenses work is by treating the symptoms, the blurred vision, by refocusing light before it enters the eyes. But they ignore the underlying problem – which is usually nearpoint stress or muscular malfunction. In this way, corrective lenses act like a crutch and make the eyes “weaker” – meaning that the eyes are no longer able to focus properly on their own.
WHAT CORRECTIVE LENSES DO TO YOUR EYES
As you probably know from your own experience, corrective lenses often create dependency and make the eyes lose even more of their natural focusing power. This creates a vicious cycle that forces you onto a downward path of weaker eyes and progressively stronger prescriptions.
In most cases, the person is born with normal healthy eyes and has good vision for many years, then develops a minor focusing problem and is fitted with corrective lenses, then deteriorates. Of course, the age when corrective lenses are first worn and the rate of deterioration varies from person to person, but the basic pattern remains the same. In a series of recent experiments, Dr. Earl Smith of the University of Houston College of Optometry fitted various types of corrective lenses on monkeys with normal vision. What he found was that monkeys fitted with the type of corrective lenses used for nearsightedness adapted to the lenses and became nearsighted. Likewise, monkeys fitted with the type of corrective lenses used for farsightedness adapted to the lenses and became farsighted. The same thing happened with lenses used for astigmatism. The implications of this research are of concern because the visual systems of monkeys and humans are almost identical. What it means is that there is good scientific evidence that the traditional method of prescribing corrective lenses may cause or aggravate common visual problems.
CORRECTIVE LENSES AND EYE DISEASE
Let’s begin by saying that we’re not opposed to corrective lenses, just the traditional method of prescribing them. The big problem with corrective lenses is that: No clinical or statistical studies have proven their long-term safety or effectiveness. In fact, most people who use them get worse. Dr. Smith’s research and that of other doctors suggest that they may cause or aggravate the visual problems they are supposed to correct. More than 30% of people who use them end up with one or more eye diseases by the age of 70. What this basically means is that the traditional method of prescribing corrective lenses is an unproven method of treatment with potentially serious side effects. We must emphasize, however, that the majority of traditional eye doctors are not quacks, but are simply doing what they have been trained to do and are catering to the public demand for a “quick fix”. Our concern is that corrective lenses may be a risk factor for degenerative eye diseases such as cataract, glaucoma, and macular degeneration. The reason is that corrective lenses – especially bifocals – seem to inhibit the normal operation of the ciliary muscle and may interfere with the fluid dynamics and nutrient flow inside the eye. Although corrective lenses have helped millions of people lead more productive lives and will continue to play an important role for those who just want a “quick fix”, much more can be done. Really effective eye care means exercising your eyes, just like really good health means exercising your body. It makes a lot of sense and it works.
HOW TO USE CORRECTIVE LENSES CORRECTLY
When people get a new pair of glasses, they must usually “get used to” the stronger lenses. This appears to be the same effect that Dr. Smith observed with the monkeys, that the eyes adapt to the lenses. Typically, it takes a few weeks for humans to adapt to stronger lenses. We have discovered that the same principle can be used in reverse. Instead of passively adapting to stronger lenses – which is what happens with traditional eye care – it is possible to adapt to a series of weaker lenses using the eye exercises provided in the Power Vision Program.
We call this “progressive undercorrection”. The eye exercises strengthen the focusing mechanism and help the eye muscles adapt to the weaker lenses. When you can see well with the weaker lenses, you can use even weaker lenses. In this way, corrective lenses can help you get better instead of making you get worse. In most cases, weaker glasses from previous years can be used. If you’re nearsighted, the weaker glasses must give you 20/40 acuity so that you can drive safely. If you don’t have any weaker glasses, you will have to get some from an eye doctor. Fortunately, you don’t need to buy new frames. Just replace the lenses in the frames you already wear.
DEALING WITH EYE DOCTORS
Corrective lenses date back to 1286 A.D., when the scholar Roger Bacon discovered that a magnifying glass helped him read more easily. A few years later, magnifying lenses were put into wire frames and the first spectacles were born. A lucrative trade sprang up that evolved into the modern eye care profession. At the beginning of the 20th century, the optical glass industry funded optometric colleges and medical schools with the purpose of training doctors to perform eye examinations and sell optical products. The education that most eye doctors receive is known as “traditional eye care”, which consists of checking for eye disease, prescribing drugs and corrective lenses, and performing eye surgery. Traditional eye care is based on the theory that visual problems are usually inherited and nothing can be done except to prescribe an endless supply of corrective lenses as the patient deteriorates, which of course ensures a steady stream of repeat business. Not surprisingly, many traditional eye doctors are hostile toward eye exercises and some even try to discourage their patients from improving their vision. The usual tactic is to say that they haven’t read any research proving that eye exercises work. In fact, the research exists but has not been published in journals that most eye doctors read. If you are nearsighted and don’t have any weaker glasses from previous years, you will have to get some from an eye doctor. We recommend a company like Lenscrafters, where you can get new lenses in about an hour. Before you spend any money, give the doctor the Prescribing Guide at the end of Section Two and ask if he will prescribe lenses that give you 20/40 distance acuity. Also make sure the lenses really give you 20/40 distance acuity before you pay for them. If you are farsighted or presbyopic, weaker reading glasses from a drug store may suffice.
HOW TO USE THE POWER VISION PROGRAM
POWER EXERCISE MODULE This is a 21 minute file consisting of 6 exercises to increase your natural focusing power and stimulate the nutrient flow inside your eyes. BOOSTER EXERCISE MODULE This is a 21 minute file consisting of 3 exercises to stimulate the nutrient flow inside your eyes. DEEP RELAXATION MODULE This is a 30 minute file consisting of deep relaxation plus visualization to regenerate the tissues in your eyes.
START THE PROGRAM TODAY!
The most important thing is to get up to speed as quickly as possible and see the results for yourself. When you feel the new health and power in your eyes and see things becoming clearer, you’ll never want to go back to the old vicious cycle of weaker eyes and stronger glasses! Cultivate the habit of exercising your eyes every day. _______________
QUICK START CHECKLIST
Here are the complete protocols. For maximum results, do everything as directed and don’t take any shortcuts. STEP ONE: Print a copy of the e-Book and have it bound or put it into a binder for easy reference. STEP TWO: Read the e-Book three times or until you clearly understand everything. STEP THREE: Download the MP3 music files and copy them to an MP3 player or an audio CD if you decide not to play them from your desktop. STEP FOUR: Have your eyes examined to make sure you don’t have an eye disease that requires specialized treatment. Print a copy of the Prescribing Guide and give it to your eye doctor. STEP FIVE: Get weaker glasses or contact lenses. STEP SIX: Get an eye patch from your drug store. STEP SEVEN: Decide on a time for your exercise sessions and set your alarm clock accordingly. STEP EIGHT: Print copies of the Reminder Cards and put them in prominent places at work, in your house, on your computer, and in your car. STEP NINE: Print a copy of the Weekly Worksheet. STEP TEN: Set up your practice area, preferably with a blank area of wall, and get objects for Flexing and Conducting. Then start your first exercise session. Stop the music at the beginning of each exercise and read the instructions so you do it correctly.
When you click on any of the following links, the MP3 file will be downloaded onto your computer. We recommend you save the files to your desktop or some other location. You can then play the files on your computer, or you can copy them to an MP3 player or burn them onto an audio CD. If any of the links don’t work when you click on it, copy the link into the address bar of your browser. POWER EXERCISE MODULE (21 minutes) www.visiontherapy.net/audio/POWER.mp3 BOOSTER EXERCISE MODULE (21 minutes) www.visiontherapy.net/audio/BOOSTER.mp3 DEEP RELAXATION MODULE (30 minutes) www.visiontherapy.net/audio/RELAXATION.mp3 The Power Exercise Module and the Booster Exercise Module don’t contain any instructions, just music and cues to do the exercises. The first few times you play these files, we suggest you stop the music at the beginning of each exercise and read the instructions in the e-Book how to do the exercise. Learn the method correctly. After a few days, you’ll be able to do the exercises without referring to the instructions. Play at least one Module per day. Your goal is to set up a routine you can live with so experiment and find out what works best for you. You can do the exercises in time to the music or your breathing. Aim for accuracy and coordination. When doing them to music, start out slow – preferably every other beat – and do them at a rate you feel comfortable with. If you want to know more about your visual problem, read the tutorials at www.visiontherapy.net/howeyeswork.php.
HOW TO USE THE DEEP RELAXATION MODULE
The Deep Relaxation Module will quickly produce a state of deep restful relaxation, bordering on sleep. You must never play it in a moving vehicle or in any other situation where you must be fully awake and responsive to what is going on around you! The Deep Relaxation Module is designed to change the shape of your eyes and help your visual system work better. Every day, billions of old cells throughout your body are replaced by healthy new cells. This process of regeneration is also taking place in your eyes. There’s a substantial amount of scientific evidence that this process can be influenced by activating the power of the subconscious mind. In our normal waking state, it’s very difficult to activate the power of the subconscious mind. The Deep Relaxation Module will guide you into a state of consciousness where this is possible. You’re already familiar with this state of consciousness. It’s the pleasant, deeply relaxed transition state that you experience every night, just before falling asleep. Your body is comfortable and relaxed, but you’re completely in control and still able to think. Your success depends on staying mentally focused on the words and images. To the best of your ability, concentrate on the words and vividly imagine positive changes taking place in your eyes. If your mind starts to wander, bring it back and stay on track. The best way of doing this is to mentally repeat the words as you hear them. We suggest you listen to the Deep Relaxation Module about half an hour before you normally go to bed. But first spend a few minutes stretching out and loosening up. Then make yourself comfortable, do some deep breathing, and start the Module. That way you can review and repeat the words and images in your mind as you fall asleep, which will make the Module even more effective.
Mon Tue POWER EXERCISES BOOSTER EXERCISES DEEP RELAXATION ALARM CLOCK WEAKER GLASSES WITHOUT GLASSES EYE PATCH NEW HABITS
Start Date _______________
Wed Thu Fri
PROGRESS REPORT: ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________
Practice your new visual habits as much as possible during your normal activities.
Practice your new visual habits as much as possible during your normal activities.
FLEXING DETAILING SQUEEZING
FLEXING DETAILING SQUEEZING
Practice your new visual habits as much as possible during your normal activities.
Practice your new visual habits as much as possible during your normal activities.
FLEXING DETAILING SQUEEZING
FLEXING DETAILING SQUEEZING
SET YOURSELF REALISTIC GOALS
The Power Vision Program is designed to make your eyes healthier, increase your natural focusing power, and reduce your dependency on corrective lenses. However, this doesn’t mean that everybody will be able to throw their glasses away. Although some people get truly amazing results, it is usually more realistic to set the goal of returning to weaker glasses or contact lenses and only wear them part of the time. It is our professional opinion that the Power Vision Program can typically produce the following results: CATEGORY ONE: If your vision is just starting to go bad, you may be able to return to normal and avoid wearing corrective lenses. CATEGORY TWO. If your current prescription is weak, you may be able to return to normal or near-normal and avoid wearing corrective lenses all or most of the time. CATEGORY THREE. If your current prescription is medium or strong, you may able to obtain quite a lot of freedom from corrective lenses. For example, you may reach the point where you wear corrective lenses only for activities such as driving or movies. CATEGORY FOUR. If you have cataracts, glaucoma, or macular degeneration, you may be able to stabilize or reverse the disease and avoid surgery. Although many people see the first signs of improvement in a week or so, don’t be impatient or discouraged if you don’t get astonishing results right away. Remember that we’re doctors, not miracle workers. So please be realistic and give the exercises time to work. The important thing is to use the Power Vision Program as directed, don’t take shortcuts, and play at least one Module per day.
STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESS
We recommend the following strategies. But remember, you must ALWAYS wear corrective lenses that enable you to see well when doing any type of potentially dangerous activity. CATEGORY ONE: If you don’t yet wear corrective lenses, exercise your eyes regularly and avoid eye strain from too much reading or computer work. CATEGORY TWO: If you’ve just started wearing corrective lenses, try to go without them as much as possible provided its safe to do so. CATEGORY THREE: If you have weaker glasses, start wearing them immediately and concentrate on adapting to them. As soon as you can see well with the weaker glasses, use even weaker glasses. The weaker glasses should give you 20/40 acuity so objects are slightly blurred but not so blurred that you can’t make them out. You should also spend as much time as possible without glasses. CATEGORY FOUR: If you have an eye disease, concentrate on Flexing, Rolling, and the Booster exercises. Take a “eye multivitamin” supplement, eat lots of vegetables, and drink plenty of liquids.
HOW TO USE CONTACT LENSES EFFECTIVELY
If you’re nearsighted and do a lot of reading or computer work, we advise you not to wear contact lenses unless you get special lenses for close work. In other words, they will give you 20/40 acuity at a distance of 20”. If you don’t do much reading or computer work, its okay to wear weaker contact lenses that give you 20/40 distance acuity. We recommend disposable contacts. Ask your eye doctor for an entire series of weaker lenses.
ADVICE FOR DIFFERENT CONDITIONS
EYESTRAIN, MYOPIA. Instead of compulsively reading page after page – or spending hour after hour staring at a computer screen – you should take frequent breaks. Do some Squeezing then look at a detail on a distant object. We suggest you take 50 breaks per day and keep a written record using “bars and gates”. Every time you take a break, add a bar to the gate. We highly recommend this simple technique because it can rapidly reduce computer eyestrain and headaches.
Tape the Reminder Card to your computer and also use it as a bookmark. Put it a few pages ahead and when you reach it, take a break. Then put it a few more pages ahead and continue reading. It’s very important not to wear distance glasses for reading or computer work. If you can’t read without glasses, get weaker lenses that give you 20/40 acuity at a distance of 20”. HYPEROPIA, PRESBYOPIA. Try to read without glasses or use weaker lenses. If you wear bifocals, try to use single vision lenses. Use the Reminder Card as a bookmark. Put it a few pages ahead and when you reach it, do some Squeezing then look at a detail on a distant object. Then put it a few more pages ahead and continue reading. LAZY EYE. When you start using the eye patch, you will know if you have a dominant eye and a weaker eye. To bring the weaker eye up to par, patch the dominant eye two or three times as long as the weaker eye.
ASTIGMATISM. Although astigmatism is sometimes inherited, most cases seem to be the result of a bad posture. The reason is that the visual system helps to maintain our sense of balance by scanning the world around us for horizontal features. When the head is tilted, the extraocular muscles pull unequally, causing the eyeball and/or cornea to become distorted. To improve astigmatism, find out which way your head usually tilts. Look in a mirror or ask a friend. Then cultivate the habit of tilting your head the other way. Make signs that say “TILT HEAD” and put them in prominent positions at home, at work, and in your car. Do extra Clocking and Rolling to encourage the extraocular muscles to change their configuration. DEGENERATIVE EYE DISEASES. When we’re young, the fluids inside the eye circulate by means of the ciliary muscle expanding and contracting as it changes focus, and by the iris muscle expanding and contracting in response to the light. Nutrients are pumped into the eye from the back of the ciliary muscle, and waste products are pumped out of the eye through “Schlemm’s Canal”, which is located at the front of the iris muscle. The problem arises when we grow older and develop presbyopia. As with all other bodily tissues, the eye’s tissues decline with age. The lens loses its flexibility, the ciliary and iris muscles become less responsive and lose their power, the nutrient flow decreases, waste products are not properly expelled, and the eye becomes stiff, sluggish, and unhealthy. Although the aging process can’t be avoided, a lot can be done to minimize its impact, just like many older people do physical exercises to stay in shape and reduce the risk of strokes and heart attacks.
Recent research suggests that degenerative eye diseases such as cataract, glaucoma, or macular degeneration can often be stabilized or reversed by means of eye exercises and/or nutrition. You should be aware that major clinical studies have not been carried out so if you decide to try these techniques, you should only do so under the care of your eye doctor. We recommend the following regimen. Do the entire Power Vision Program but do more Flexing, Clocking, Rolling, Flashing, and Jetting. These exercises are designed to increase the flow of nutrients inside the eyes and eliminate cellular waste products. FLEXING: Do up to 10 minutes continuously. Use the Booster music file or your own music. CLOCKING, ROLLING: Do as much as possible throughout the day. These exercises will massage the eyeball and stimulate blood flow to the retina. We consider these to be especially important for macular degeneration. JETTING: Take two or three hot showers a day. FLASHING: Do up to 30 minutes continuously. Use the Booster music file or your own music. NUTRIENTS: We recommend that you take a good “eye multivitamin” supplement available from most pharmacies and health stores. Regardless of your condition, you should upgrade your diet and cut down on junk food. Eat lots of green vegetables and drink plenty of water. You should be aware that clinical studies have shown that eye drops containing N-acetyl-carnosine can dissolve cataracts over a period of several months.
HOW TO GET REALLY FAST RESULTS
The most important thing is to do everything as directed and don’t skip anything or take shortcuts. Read the instructions carefully and make sure you are doing the exercises correctly. For the first few days, stop the music at the beginning of each exercise and read the instructions. After a few days, you’ll be able to do the exercises without referring to the instructions. Start The Program Immediately. Don’t wait, don’t delay, don’t procrastinate. Start doing the exercises today and get up to speed as quickly as possible. Do Something Every Day. Do the Power Exercises, and/or the Booster Exercises, and/or Deep Relaxation. The more you do, the more results you’ll get. Try to do at least one Module every day. Don’t Overdo It. Your eyes may feel sore at first, like any other exercise program. If you experience sharp pain or if your eyes become unpleasantly sore, you must immediately stop! Do the Booster exercises or Deep Relaxation instead of the Power exercises for a few days until the discomfort subsides. Rearrange Your Schedule. It’s really important to cultivate the habit of doing the exercises on a regular basis. Set aside a special time when you can do them without being disturbed. If possible, do an exercise session in the morning. That way it’s done and you won’t get sidetracked or forget. Use An Alarm Clock. Habits thrive on regularity so use an alarm clock to remind yourself. This is easily the best way to cultivate your new habit. Use The Weekly Worksheet. Print out a copy every week and record your progress every day.
Wear Weaker Glasses. Do this immediately. If you continue to wear your current glasses, you won’t get results. However, if your current glasses are already weak, continue to wear them until you can see well with them, then use even weaker glasses. Don’t Read Through Distance Glasses. This only applies to myopes and is important because reading through distance glasses creates nearpoint stress and causes deterioration. Remove your distance glasses for all reading and computer work, even if it means being closer than usual. If you are very myopic, get glasses with weaker lenses that give you 20/40 acuity at 20”. Weaker lenses can really accelerate your progress. Wear An Eye Patch. Get one from your drug store and wear it for an hour a day for reading, watching television, or playing. Don’t wear it for potentially dangerous activities such as cooking, using power tools, crossing the road, or driving! Using an eye patch can really accelerate your progress because it encourages each eye to see as well as possible. If one of your eyes is noticeably stronger than the other, patch it for longer periods of time. Spend Time Without Glasses. Break the habit of leaving your glasses on all the time. Regard them as tools that you use for activities where you must have clear vision, and cultivate the habit of taking them off as soon as you finish the activity. You’ll find that there are many situations where you can see without them, even if things are not perfectly clear. Of course, you must always wear them for potentially dangerous activities such as cooking, using power tools, crossing the road, or driving. Cultivate New Visual Habits. Practice Flexing, Squeezing, and Detailing as much as possible throughout the day. Use the Reminder Card.
GIVE THIS TO YOUR EYE DOCTOR
The Power Vision Program is a course of eye exercises and stress reduction techniques intended to help patients adapt to weaker prescriptions. In general, prescribe weaker lenses that give patients 20/40 monocular acuity at the distance for which the lenses are normally used. Mydriatic or cycloplegic examinations should be performed after functional testing. MYOPIA: Prescribe weaker lenses that give 20/40 acuity for driving. Myopes engaged in long periods of close work should receive a separate prescription that gives 20/40 acuity at 20” HYPEROPIA: Prescribe weaker lenses that give 20/40 acuity at 20”. PRESBYOPIA: Prescribe weaker lenses that give 20/40 acuity at 20”. If bifocals are worn, undercorrect both segments. ASTIGMATISM: Ignore astigmatism up to 1.00D depending on the axis. Undercorrect larger amounts of astigmatism by one-third. When the patient achieves 20/20 acuity through the weaker lenses, prescribe another 20/40 undercorrection. Continue to periodically reduce the strength of the lenses until the maximum amount of improvement has been obtained. If the patient wears disposable contact lenses, prescribe a series of weaker lenses with 0.25D or 0.50D decrements. We are currently recruiting eye doctors to participate in a nationwide clinical study of the Power Vision Program. If you are interested in participating, please contact us at email@example.com.
THE POWER EXERCISE MODULE
These exercises form the dynamic core of the Power Vision Program and should be practiced on the world around you using everyday objects. The exercises will increase your natural focusing power, improve eye coordination, and stimulate the nutrient flow in and around your eyes. The Power Vision Module is a 21 minute music track that cues the exercises. There are no instructions so you should stop the track at the beginning of each exercise and read the instructions. After a few days you won’t need to do this. If you prefer, use your own music. The exercise sequence is: CONDUCTING CLOCKING FLEXING SQUEEZING DETAILING SQUEEZING FLEXING ROLLING CONDUCTING 3.0 1.5 3.0 1.5 3.0 1.5 3.0 1.5 3.0 minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes
Do the exercises using weaker glasses. Your eyes may feel quite sore at first, like any other exercise program. If you experience sharp pain or your eyes become unpleasantly sore, you must immediately stop! Your goal is to develop smooth controlled eye movements, so don’t jerk your eyes or overdo things so you see flashes of light. Some people may start to become dizzy or feel like they are getting a headache. If this happens, immediately stop and close your eyes until you feel comfortable again, then resume the exercise. Very soon the problem will subside.
POWER EXERCISE #1: FLEXING
What It Is: Change focus in time to the music or your breathing between a near object and a far object. Look at a small detail on each object. What It Does: Strengthens the focusing mechanism, improves coordination of the extraocular muscles, and stimulates the nutrient flow inside the eyes. Increases natural focusing power and makes your eyes healthier.
How To Do It: Step 1. Get a near object with interesting details such as a pen, trinket, piece of jewelry, or printed material. Don’t use anything sharp! Hold it about 6” from the tip of your nose. The correct distance is about the length of a pen. If you hold it farther away, the exercise isn’t so effective. Step 2. Select a far object with some interesting details such as a building, tree, person, automobile, street sign, or a painting or ornament across the room. If you are wearing weaker lenses, make sure the object isn’t so blurred that you can’t see any details.
Step 3. Hold the near object steady and change focus between it and the far object in time to the music or your breathing: (inhale/near)(exhale/far). Look at a different detail every time you change focus.
POWER EXERCISE #2: SQUEEZING
What It Is: Gently squeeze your eyes shut then open them in time to the music or your breathing. What It Does: Stimulates the tear glands, makes your eyes healthier, and may help to normalize the shape of the corneas so you see more clearly. This exercise can quickly relieve dry, gritty eyes from using a computer. How To Do It: Step 1. Gently squeeze your eyes shut using only your eyelid muscles, as if you are hugging your eyes with your eyelids. Don’t scrunch up the muscles around the eyes or the forehead muscles. You may find it helpful to have a friend watch you to make sure you are doing it right. Step 2. Open your eyes and look at a detail on a blurred object. If you are farsighted or presbyopic, look at a near object such as a trinket or a piece of jewelry. If you are nearsighted, look at a far object such as a tree, building, automobile, or a painting or ornament across the room. If you are wearing weaker glasses, make sure the object isn’t so blurred that you can’t see any details. Step 3. Continue to alternate squeezing your eyes and looking at details. After a few squeezes, your eyes will feel pleasantly invigorated and refreshed from the tear fluid: (squeeze/release/squeeze/release).
POWER EXERCISE #3: CLOCKING
What It Is: Look at an hour position on an imaginary clock, then return to the center position of the clock. What It Does: Stretches and conditions the extraocular muscles and improves the nutrient flow around the eyes.
How To Do It: Step 1. Look at a far object and imagine you are in front of a giant clock with the far object at the center. Now carefully move your eyes in the 9 o’clock direction as far as they will go, as if you’re trying to see your left ear. Keep your head and neck still by holding your chin. Carefully stretch the muscles as much as possible, but not so much that you see flashes of light. Step 2. Now return to center and relax. Then move your eyes as far as they will go in the 10 o’clock direction, then back to center, then the 11 o’clock direction, then back to center. Make your way around the clock, going from one hour position to the next, returning to the center between hour positions. Take it slow and aim for good coordination. When you’ve developed good coordination, do it in time to the music or your breathing: (inhale/hour)(exhale/center).
POWER EXERCISE #4: DETAILING
What It Is: Examine small details of blurred objects. What It Does: Improves eye coordination and sharpens your vision. This exercise can open your eyes to a better way of seeing the world around you.
How To Do It: Step 1. Get an interesting object with lots of small bright details such as a plant, trinket, or ornament, and put it at a distance where it’s slightly blurred. If you already see well up close, look at a slightly blurred distant object. Step 2. Carefully examine a small bright detail by slowly running your gaze around its edges. Aim for calm, relaxed, contemplative vision and try to see its exact shape. Breathe slowly and deeply. Blink frequently so your eyes don’t get dry, and don’t squint, strain, or use any tricks. Step 3. Try to see even smaller details within the detail you are looking at. Then look at another detail and repeat the exercise. You can vary the procedure by doing Squeezing instead of normal blinking.
POWER EXERCISE #5: CONDUCTING
What It Is: Hold an object in your hand and look at it while you make patterns with it in the space in front of you, like a conductor slowly waving a baton. What It Does: Strengthens the focusing mechanism, improves coordination of the extraocular muscles, and stimulates the nutrient flow inside the eyes. Increases natural focusing power and makes your eyes healthier.
How To Do It: Step 1. Get an object with some interesting details, such as a pen, trinket, piece of jewelry, or some printed material. Or simply use your thumb. Don’t use anything sharp! Hold it at arm’s length and look at a small detail.
Step 2. Now slowly move the object in time to the music. Up, down, from side to side, in circles, figure eights, spirals and even more complex patterns as if you are conducting a band. Blink frequently, keep your head still, and breathe deeply. Vary the distance from arm’s length to the tip of your nose and keep looking at a detail on the object at all times. When your arm gets tired, use the other arm. Step 3. Now use the object to write positive statements in the air, such as: “My eyes are getting better and my vision is improving. I have natural healthy vision.” Remember to look at a detail on the object at all times.
POWER EXERCISE #6: ROLLING
What It Is: Roll your eyes in time to the music or your breathing. What It Does: Stretches and conditions the extraocular muscles and improves the nutrient flow around the eyes. Makes your eyes healthier and improves coordination. How To Do It: Step 1. Slowly roll your eyes in complete circles, keeping the muscles fully stretched at all times. Alternatively, you can make partial circles, for example quarter circles. Keep your head and neck still by holding your chin. Don’t overdo it so you see flashes of light. If you experience any dizziness, cover your eyes with your hands or a sheet of paper. Step 2. In the beginning, take it slow and concentrate on developing good coordination. Later, when you have good coordination, do it in time to the music or your breathing: (inhale/clockwise)(exhale/counterclockwise).
THE BOOSTER EXERCISE MODULE
These exercises are designed to reduce your stress level, relax your eyes, and improve the nutrient flow in and around your eyes. They can make your eyes sparkle with new health and vitality. Highly recommended for common visual problems and eye diseases such as cataract, glaucoma, and macular degeneration.
BOOSTER EXERCISE #1: JETTING
What It Is: Spray a jet of hot water against your closed eyes, then hold a plastic bag of crushed ice against them. What It Does: Massages your eyes and stimulates the nutrient flow, making your eyes healthier. How To Do It: Step 1. Take a hot shower and spray the water against your closed eyes for about 30 seconds. The water should be as hot as you can comfortably stand it but not so hot that it scalds your eyelids. Your eyes should be about 6” from the shower head so you really feel the stimulation. Step 2. Turn away, then hold a plastic bag containing crushed ice against your closed eyes for about 30 seconds. Step 3. Continue to alternate hot and cold for several minutes, then gently massage your closed eyes with a dry towel.
BOOSTER EXERCISE #2: FLASHING
What It Is: With your eyes closed, switch a bright light on and off in time to your breathing. What It Does: Strengthens the iris muscle. Improves the nutrient flow inside your eyes and makes them healthier.
How To Do It: Step 1. Close the drapes so that the room is dark. Then remove your glasses and sit about 1’ in front of a bright unshaded light (at least 100 watt) with your eyes closed and relaxed. If the light feels too bright, sit farther away and reduce the distance as it becomes more comfortable. Step 2. Breathe slowly and deeply. As you inhale, switch on the light. As you exhale, switch it off. Concentrate on the sensation of warm, tingling, pulsating energy in your eyes. Imagine positive changes taking place in your eyes and say the words: “My eyes are getting better and my vision is improving. I have natural healthy vision.”
BOOSTER EXERCISE #3: PALMING
What It Is: Close your eyes and cover them with your hands so that no light gets in. What It Does: Relieves visual stress and eyestrain. Improves nutrient flow and makes your eyes healthier. You will enjoy Palming. It’s very pleasant and relaxing, and will leave your eyes feeling energized and refreshed.
How To Do It: Step 1. Take off your glasses and close your eyes, then cover them with cupped hands so that no light gets in. Rest the heels of your palms on your cheekbones and cross your hands on your forehead. Make sure your hands, eyelids, and eyebrows are relaxed, and don’t press on your eyes or your forehead. Step 2. Breathe slowly and deeply and concentrate on the sensation of warm, tingling, pulsating energy in your eyes. Imagine positive changes taking place in your eyes and say the words: “My eyes are getting better and my vision is improving. I have natural healthy vision.”
BOOSTER EXERCISE #4: ACUPRESSURE
What It Is: Massages the system of acupressure points around your eyes. What It Does: Stimulates “chi” energy in and around your eyes, invigorating them and making them healthier. How To Do It: NOTE: If you have short fingernails, use the tips of your fingers or thumbs. If you have long fingernails, use your knuckles. Remove your glasses and firmly massage the acupressure points in time to the music until they feel slightly sore without actually hurting. Some people report feeling a tender ”nervy” sensation. VARIATION ONE: Step 1. Put your thumbs on the acupressure points shown in the diagram. For most people, the acupressure point is a small knob of bone that slightly protrudes inside the eye socket just below the eyebrow.
Step 2. Close your eyes and firmly press the acupressure points, then release. Continue to press and release in time to the music (press/release/press/release/press/release).
VARIATION TWO: Step 1. Put your thumb and index finger of one hand on the acupressure points shown in the diagram.
Step 2. Close your eyes and massage the bridge of your nose between your eyes by alternately squeezing and releasing: (squeeze/release/squeeze/release/squeeze/release).
VARIATION THREE: Step 1. Put one or two fingers on the acupressure points shown in the diagram, which are located on the crest of the cheekbones just below the eye sockets.
Step 2. Close your eyes and firmly massage the acupressure points by moving the skin in small circles. Change direction every few seconds.
VARIATION FOUR: Step 1. Put your thumbs in the pit of your temples. Now close your eyes and firmly stroke the upper and lower rims of the eye sockets from nose to temple. Use the flat part of your index fingers between the first and second joints.
Step 2. Continue to alternately stroke the upper and lower rims of your eye sockets. You can use vitamin E or mineral oil as a lubricant to avoid stretching the skin: (upper/lower/upper/lower/upper/lower).
VARIATION FIVE: Step 1. When you’ve mastered all the previous variations, combine them into a thorough massage of the entire eye region. Do a few seconds of Variation 1, then Variation 2, then Variation 3, then massage the entire rim of the eye socket. Step 2. Instead of massaging the acupressure points, you can increase the amount of stimulation by tapping them several times a second with the tips of your fingers. Use two or three fingers for an even more powerful effect. COMMENT: These acupressure techniques seem to exert a powerful healing effect on the eyes. Some people report the sensation of rays of energy streaming out of the eyes. These exercises are also useful for relieving eyestrain and headaches from reading or working at a computer.
RESEARCH SHOWS US THE WAY
By now it should be clear that all is not well with the eye care profession. Despite all the wonderful advances in eye surgery that have taken place in recent years, the majority of eye doctors still use the same old method of prescribing corrective lenses that has been around for over 150 years. The situation is worse than you probably realize. Many eye doctors know about the problems caused by corrective lenses but are afraid to speak out for fear of retaliation. In fact, a few years ago some Board members of the American Vision Institute were harassed and threatened with loss of license, forcing them to resign. Doctors who contributed to previous versions of the Power Vision Program include: Dr. D.A.F., Dr. M.R.F., Dr. P.A.H., Dr. R.M.K., Dr. D.W.M., and Dr. B.E.W. The names of the doctors are abbreviated to protect their privacy.
YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE
If the Power Vision Program has helped you, or if you had problems doing any of the exercises, or if you can think of ways to make it better, we want to hear from you. Please e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org – but remember, we cannot give you advice about your particular visual problem. About 100,000 research papers have been published on the eyes but the effect of corrective lenses on humans has never been investigated. Since these products form the “cash cow” of the eye care profession and the optical glass industry, this situation is unlikely to change. If you want to help us, please ask your friends to visit us at www.visiontherapy.net. Thank you and may God bless you.
THE CONCEPTS AND TECHNIQUES IN THE POWER VISION PROGRAM ARE BACKED BY THE FOLLOWING RESEARCH:
Adler-Grinberg D., Questioning our classical understanding of accommodation and presbyopia. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt., 1986, 63(7): 571-580. Aronsfeld G.H., Eyesight training and development. J. Am. Optom. Assoc., 1936, 7(4): 36-38. Atkinson, R.P., Sewell, M.M., Enhancement of visual perception under conditions of short-term exposure to sensory isolation. Percep. Motor Skills, 1988, 67: 248-252. Balliet R., Clay A., Blood K., The training of visual acuity in myopia. J. Am. Optom. Assoc., 1982, 53(9): 719-724. Barber T.X., Changing "unchangeable" bodily processes by suggestions. Advances, 1984, 1(2): 7-40. Beach S.J., Myopia cures. Trans. Am. Ophth. Soc., 1948, 46: 284-294. Berens C., Girard L.J., Fonda G., Sells S.B., Effects of tachistoscopic training on visual functions in myopic patients. Am. J. Ophth., 1957, 44(3): 1-48. Beresford S.M., Muris D.W., Tableman M., Young F.A., Clinical evaluation of the See Clearly Method. 2005, (unpublished). Berman P.E., Levinger S., Massoth N.A., Gallagher D., Kalmar K., Pos L., The effectiveness of biofeedback visual training as a viable method of treatment and reduction of myopia. J. Optom. Vis. Dev., 1985, 16:17-21. Bettman J.W., Apparent accommodation in aphakic eyes. Am. J. Ophth., 1950, 33(1): 921-928. Birnbaum M.H., Clinical management of myopia. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt., 1981, 58(7): 554-559. Ciuffreda K.J., Dynamics of voluntary accommodation. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt., 1988, 65(5): 265-270.
Collins F.L., Ricci J.A., Burkett P.A., Behavioral training for myopia: long term maintenance of improved acuity. Behav. Res. Ther., 1981, 19: 265-268. Collins F.L., Epstein L.H., Hannay H.J., A component analysis of an operant training program for improving visual acuity in myopic students. Behav. Ther., 1981, 12: 692-701. Copeland V.L., Increased visual acuity of myopes while in hypnosis. J. Am. Optom. Assoc., 1967, 38(8): 663-664. Davison G.C., Singleton L., A preliminary report of improved vision under hypnosis. Int. J. Clin. Exp. Hyp., 1967, 15: 57-62. Epstein L.H., Collins F.L., Hannay H.J., Looney R.L., Fading and feedback in the modification of visual acuity. J. Behav. Med., 1978, 1: 273-297. Epstein L.H., Greenwald D.J., Monocular feedback and fading training. Behav. Mod., 1981, 5: 171-186. Eskridge J.B., Review of ciliary muscle effort in presbyopia. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt., 1984, 61(2): 133-138. Ewalt W., The Baltimore myopia control project. J. Am. Optom. Assoc., 1946, 17(6): 167-185. Ewalt H.W., Visual training and the presbyopic patient. J. Am. Optom. Assoc., 1959, 30(11): 295-298. Feldman J., Behavior modification in vision training. J. Am. Optom. Assoc., 1981, 52(4): 329-340. Forrest E., Eye scan therapy for astigmatism. J. Am. Optom. Assoc., 1984, 55(12): 894-901. Friedman E., Vision training program for myopia management. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt., 1981, 58(7): 546-553. Gallop S., Myopia reduction: a view from the inside. J. Behav. Optom., 1994, 5(5): 115-120. Geisler W.S., Physical limits of acuity and hyperacuity. J. Opt. Soc. Am., 1984, 1(7): 775-782.
George S., Rosenfield M., Blur adaptation and myopia. Optom. Vis. Sci., 2004, 81(7): 543-547. Giddings J.W., Lanyon R.I., Modification of refractive error through conditioning. Behav. Ther., 1971, 2(4): 538-542. Giddings J.W., Lanyon R.I., Effects of reinforcement on visual acuity in myopic adults. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom., 1974, 51(3): 181-188. Gil K.M., Collins F.L., Behavioral training for myopia. Behav. Res. Ther., 1983, 21(3): 269-273. Gottlieb R.L., Neuropsychology of myopia. J. Optom. Vis. Dev., 1982, 13(1): 3-27. Graham C., Leibowitz H.W., The effect of suggestion on visual acuity. Int. J. Clin. Exp. Hyp., 1972, 20(3): 169-186. Granger L., LeTourneau J., Behavior modification techniques in vision training. Optom. Wkly., 1977, 68(15): 423-427. Gregg J.R., Variable Acuity. J. Am. Optom. Assoc., 1947, 18(3): 432-435. Hildreth H.R., Mainberg W.H., Milder B., Post L.T., Sanders T.E., The effects of visual training on existing myopia. Am. J. Ophth., 1947, 30: 1563-1576. Hirsch M.J., Apparent accommodation in aphakia. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom., 1950, 27(8): 412-414. Hirsch M.J., Prevention and/or cure of myopia. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom., 1965, 42(6): 327-336. Jensen H., Myopia progression in young schoolchildren and intraocular pressure. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 1992, 82(3): 249-255. Kaplan R.M., Hypnosis, new horizons for optometry. Rev. Optom., 1978, 115(10): 53-58. Kelley C.R., Psychological factors in myopia. J. Am Optom. Assoc., 1962, 33(6): 833-837.
Lancaster W.B., Present status of eye exercises. Arch. Ophth., 1944, 32(3): 167-172. Lancaster W.B., Woods A.C., Hildreth H.R., Visual training for myopia. J. Am. Med. Assoc., 1948, 136: 110. Lane B., Nutrition and Vision, J. Optom. Vis. Dev. 11(3): 1-11, 1980. Leber L., Wilson T., Myopia reduction training. J. Behav. Optom., 1994, 4(4): 87-92. Le Grande Y., The presence of negative accommodation in certain subjects. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom., 1952, 29: 134-136. Letourneau J.E., Application of biofeedback and behavior modification techniques in visual training. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt., 1976, 53(4): 187-189. Levine S.M., Adult visual system plasticity. J. Am. Optom. Assoc., 1988, 59: 135-139. Marg E., Flashes of clear vision and negative accommodation with reference to the Bates method of visual training. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom., 1952, 29(4): 167-184. Marg E. An investigation of voluntary as distinguished from reflex accommodation. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom., 1951, 28: 347-356. National Eye Institute, Vision Research: A National Plan, 1999, pp. 100, 102. Nolan J.A., An approach to myopia control. Optom. Wkly., 1974, 65(6): 149-154. Oakley K.H., Young F.A., Bifocal control of myopia. Am J. Optom. Physiol. Opt., 1975, 52: 758-764. Orfield, A., Seeing space: undergoing brain re-programming to reduce myopia. J. Behav. Optom., 1994, 5(5): 123-131. Pascal J.I., Visual exercises in ophthalmology, Arch. Ophth., 1945, 33: 478.
Poggio, T., Fahle M., Edelman S., Fast perceptual learning in visual hyperacuity. Science, 1992, 256: 1018-1021. Provine R.R., On voluntary ocular accommodation. Percep. Psychophysics, 1975, 17(2): 209-212. Quinn G., Berlin J., Young T., Ziylan S., Stone R., Association of intraocular pressure and myopia in children. Ophthalmology, 1992, 102(2): 180-185. Roscoe S.N., Couchman D.H., Improving visual performance through volitional focus control. Human Factors, 1987, 29:311-325. Sells S.B., Fixott R.S., Evaluation of research on effects of visual training on visual functions. Am. J. Ophth., 1957, 44(2): 230-236. Sheehan E.P., Smith H.V., Forest D.W., A signal detection study of the effects of suggested improvement on the monocular visual acuity of myopes. Int. J. Clin. Exp. Hyp., 1982, 30: 138-146. Shepard C.J., The Baltimore project. Optom. Wkly., 1946, 37(5): 133-135. Sherman A., Myopia can often be prevented, controlled or eliminated. J. Behav. Optom., 1994, 4(1): 16-22. Smith E.L., Hung L., Harwerth R.S., Effects of optically induced blur on the refractive status of young monkeys. Vis. Res., 1994, 34(3): 293-301. Smith E.L., Spectacle lenses and emmetropization. Optom. Vis. Sci., 1998, 75(6): 388-398. Smith P.B., Treatment of sight problems by the Bates method: a two year study. 1978, (unpublished). Smith W., Report on ocular reconditioning. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom., 1945, 22(11): 499-533. Takahashi Y., Igaki M., Suzuki A., Takahashi G., Dogru M., Tsubota K., The effect of periocular warming on accommodation. Am. Acad. Ophth., 2005, 112(6): 113-118. Trachtman J.N., Giambalvo V., The Baltimore myopia study 40 years later. J. Behav. Optom., 1991, 2: 47-50.
Trachtman J.N., Biofeedback of accommodation to reduce functional myopia. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt., 1978, 55(6): 400-406. Trachtman J.N., Biofeedback of accommodation to reduce myopia, a review. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt., 1987, 64: 639-643. Troilo D., Wallman J., The regulation of eye growth and refractive state: an experimental study of emmetropization. Vis. Res., 1991, 31(7/8): 1237-1250. Treue S., Perceptual enhancement of contrast by attention. Trends Cog. Sci., 2004, 8(10): 435-437. Woo G.C., Wilson M.A., Current methods of treating and preventing myopia. Optom. Vis. Sci., 1990, 67(9): 719-727. Woods A., Report from the Wilmer Institute on the results obtained in the treatment of myopia by visual training. Am. J. Ophth., 1946, 29(1): 28-57. Yackle K., Fitzgerald D.E., Emmetropization: an overview. J. Behav. Optom., 1999, 2: 38-43. Young F.A., The effect of restricted space on the refractive error of the young monkey eye. Invest. Ophth., 1963, 2: 571-577. Young F.A., Leary G.A., Baldwin W.R., West D.C., The transmission of refractive errors within Eskimo families. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom., 1969, (46)9: 676-685. Young F.A., Leary. G.A., The inheritance of ocular components. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom., 1972, (49)7: 546-555. Young F.A., The development and control of myopia in human and subhuman primates. Contacto, 1975, (19)6: 16-31. Young F.A., The nature and control of myopia. J. Am. Optom. Assoc., 1977, (48)4: 451-457. Young F.A., Leary. G.A., Accommodation and vitreous chamber pressure: a proposed mechanism for myopia. Refractive anomalies: research and clinical applications. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1991, 301-309.
Help Us Help Others. Please Tell A Friend. www.visiontherapy.net
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.