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Precipitation

It is the deposition of moisture from the atmosphere onto the earth’s surface.

It includes:

1. Dew and Frost

2. Fog and Mist

3. Hail and Snow

4. Rain

1. Dew and Frost

Dew

It is the liquid form of condensation.

It is where the condensation takes place on the ground when the earth’s surface
cools to dew point temperature.

It is mostly occurs during cloudless and cool summer nights and it good for
plants.

Frost

• It is the solid form of condensation.

• It is where dew point temperature is below the freezing point and water
vapour condenses to ice.

• It is mostly occurs during winter and it damages the plants, because the
sap in the plants freezes prior condensation takes place.

• The plants turn black when the sap melts and they die.

2. Fog and Mist

• These are actually very low-level clouds.

• Fog is the mist that is thicker while smog occurs when the pollution mixes
with fog.

3. Hail and Snow

They are solid form of precipitation.

• Snow occurs when the vapour condenses straight in to ice crystals, which
joins together to form snowflake.

• Hail is the rain drop that is carried higher in the clouds where it freezes.
4. Rain

1. Orographic

• It is also known as relief.

• Mountains force air to rise

2. Cyclonic

• It is also called frontal rain

• Warm air is forced to rise when cold air is wedges in underneath it.

3. Convection

• Hot air expands and rises as convection currents are set up.

How to measure precipitation?

• Rain gauge is used to measure the amount of rain that has occurred.

• It is mostly placed in the garden and weather station.

• Rain gauge is the simple funnel shape instrument that is graduated in


millimetres, and it has the lid to prevent evaporation.

• Its material doest get rust.

Recording s

• The average total annual rainfall is used to determine the climate of an


area.

• Bar graph is drawn to represent the average amount of rainfall each


month.