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ا  ا‬

,iwj;J}ju; K`k;kJ (]y;)


mtu;fspd; ,Wjpg; NgUiu!
njhlf;f Jjp nkhopfs;

epr;rakhf vy;yhg; GfOk; my;yh`;Tf;Nf! mtidNa ehk; Gfo;fpNwhk;; mtdplNk ehk; cjtp NjLfpNwhk;.
ek;Kila kd ,r;irfspd; nfLjpfis tpl;Lk;> ek;Kila nray;fspd; jPikfis tpl;Lk; my;yh`;tplk;
ghJfhty; NjLfpNwhk;. ahUf;F my;yh`; Neu;top fhl;LthNdh> mtiu topnfLg;gtu; ahUk; ,y;iy.
ahiu my;yh`; topNfl;by; tpl;LtpLthNdh> mtiu Neu;topapy; nrYj;Jgtu; ahUk; ,y;iy. ,d;Dk;>
ehd; rhl;rp nrhy;fpNwd;: "my;yh`;itj; jtpu tzf;fj;jpw;Fupatd; ahUk; ,y;iy. mtd; jdpj;jtd;;
mtDf;Ff; $l;lhsp ahUk; ,y;iy.' NkYk;> ehd; rhl;rp nrhy;fpNwd;: "epr;rakhf K`k;kJ> mtDila
mbahUk; mtDila J}jUk; Mthu;.' (]{dd; ,g;D kh[h 1892>1893)

gpuptpd; Kd;dwptpg;G

x kf;fNs! vd; Ngr;ir ftdkhff; NfSq;fs;! ,e;j Mz;bw;Fg; gpwF kPz;Lk; ,e;j ,lj;jpy;
re;jpg;Ngdh vd;gJ vdf;Fj; njupahJ (jhuPf; ,g;D fy;J}d; 2/58> ,g;D `p\hk; 2/603> mu;u`Pf;
my;kf;J}k; 461)

gpwg;ghy; cau;T jho;T fhl;lhjPu;!

kf;fNs! cq;fsJ ,iwtd; xUtNd; (cq;fsJ je;ijAk; xUtNu!) mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;: ve;j xu;
mugpf;Fk; xu; mugp my;yhjtiu tplNth> ve;j xu; mugp my;yhjtUf;Fk; xu; mugpia tplNth ve;j
Nkd;ikAk; rpwg;Gk; ,y;iy. ve;j xU nts;isaUf;Fk; xU fUg;giu tplNth> ve;j fUg;gUf;Fk; xU
nts;isaiu tplNth ve;j Nkd;ikAk; rpwg;Gk; ,y;iy. ,iwar;rk; kl;LNk xUtupd; Nkd;ikia
epu;zapf;Fk;. epr;rakhf my;yh`;tplj;jpy; cq;fspy; kpfr; rpwe;jtu; cq;fspy; mjpfk; ,iw mr;rk;
cs;stu;jhd;. (m];]py;]yJy; ]`P`h2700> mj;ju;fPg; tj;ju;`Pg;> my;ig`fP> j`htp)

jiyikf;Ff; fPo;g;gbtPu;!

x kf;fNs! my;yh`;it mQ;rpf; nfhs;Sq;fs; fUg;G epw (mgprPdpa) mbik xUtu; cq;fSf;Fj;
jiytuhf Mf;fg;gl;lhYk; mtu; my;yh`;tpd; Ntjj;ijf; nfhz;L cq;fis top elj;jp mij
cq;fSf;fpilapy; epiyepWj;Jk; fhynky;yhk; (mtuJ nrhy;iyf;) Nfl;L elq;fs;; (mtUf;Ff;)
fPo;g;gbAq;fs;! (]{dd; e]hap 4192> [hkpTj; jpu;kpjp1706)

gpwu; clikiag; NgZtPu;!

x] kf;fNs! ,e;j (Jy;`[;) khjKk;> ,e;j (Jy;`[; 9k;) ehSk;> ,e;j (kf;fh) efuKk; vt;tsT
GdpjkhditNah> mg;gbNa capu;fSk;> cq;fs; clikfSk; cq;fs; khdk; kupahijfSk; cq;fSf;Fg;
Gdpjkhdit.

muh[fk; nra;ahjPu;fs;!

mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;! vdf;Fg; gpwF xUtu; kw;wtupd; fOj;ij ntl;b kha;j;Jf; nfhs;Sk;
topnfl;ltu;fsha; ,iw epuhfupg;ghsu;fsha; khwp tplhjPu;fs;. (]`P{`y; Gfhup 4403)

cq;fsJ ,iwtid ePq;fs; re;jpf;Fk; tiu (,g;gbNa thOq;fs;!) ePq;fs; midtUk; jtwhky;
my;yh`;tpd; Kd;dpiyapy; M[uhfg; NghfpwPu;fs;! mg;NghJ my;yh`; cq;fsJ nray;fisg; gw;wp
tprhupg;ghd;. ehd; khu;f;fj;ij cq;fSf;F vLj;Jiuj;J tpl;Nld;. cq;fspy; vtuhtJ kw;wtUila
nghUspd; kPJ nghWg;Ngw;wpUe;jhy;> mij mtu; cupa Kiwapy; mjd; cupikahsuplk; xg;gilj;J
tpll;Lk;! (]`P`; K];ypk; 2334> ]`P{`y; Gfhup 67> 105> 1741> 1742)
gzpahsu;fisg; NgZtPu;!

X kf;;fNs! K];ypk;fs; midtUk; rNfhjuu;fs;. cq;fs; mbikfs; tp\aj;jpy; nghWg;Gzu;NthL ele;J


nfhs;Sq;fs;! mtu;fis ed;whfg; guhkupAq;fs;! ePq;fs; cz;gijNa mtu;fSf;Fk; cz;zf; nfhLq;fs;;
ePq;fs; cLj;JtijNa mtu;fSf;Fk; cLj;jr; nra;Aq;fs;! (jgfhj; ,g;D ]mJ> K`k;kJ me;egpa;Ay;
fhjpk; kh[pj; myP fhd;)

kWikf;F mQ;RtPu;!

X Fiu\pfNs! ehis kWikf;fhd jahupg;Gld; kf;fs; tUk;NghJ ePq;fs; cq;fs; gplupfspd; kPJ
cyfr; Rikfisr; Rke;Jnfhz;L te;J tplhjPu;fs;. mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; Gwj;jpypUe;J ehd; ve;j
xU tp\aj;jpYk; cq;fSf;Fg; gyd; mspj;jpl KbahJ (k[;kT]; ]thapJ 272/3)

mePjk; mopg;gPu;!

mwpahikf;fhy midj;J tptfhuq;fSk; vd; ghjq;fSf;Ff; fPo; Gijg;gg;gl;L tpl;ld. NkYk;> ,d;W
tiuapyhd vy;yh tl;bf; fzf;FfisAk; uj;Jr; nra;J tpl;Nld;. vdpDk;> cq;fsJ %yjdk;
cq;fSf;Nf cupaJ. tl;bia my;yh`; jilnra;J tpl;lhd;. vdNt> Kjypy; (vd; FLk;gj;ijr;
Nru;e;j) mg;gh]; ,g;D mg;Jy; Kj;jypgpd; tl;biar; nry;yhjjhf Mf;FfpNwd;. mwpahikf;fhy ,uj;jg;
gopfs; midj;Jk; uj;J nra;ag;gl;L tpl;ld. ,dp> gioa nfhiyf;Fg; gopthq;Fk; cupik vtUf;Fk;
,y;iy. ,jpy; Kjyhtjhf vd; FLk;gj;ijr; Nru;e;j ugPM ,g;D my;`hup]; ,g;D mg;Jy; Kj;jypg;
nfhy;yg;gl;ljw;fhd gopthq;fiy uj;Jr; nra;fpNwd;. mwpahikf; fhy nfhiy Fw;wj;jpy; ,ij ehd;
Kjyhtjhf js;Sgb nra;fpNwd; (]`P`; K];ypk; 2334> ,g;D kh[h 3074)

Kiwjtwp elf;fhjPu;!

mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;! Foe;ij tpupg;Gf;Nf nrhe;jkhdJ. (mDkjpf;fg;gl;l jpUkz cwTld; ,Uf;Fk;


fztDf;Nf Foe;ij cupajhFk;) kzKbj;Jf; nfhz;l gpwFk; tpgrhuk; nra;gtu; fy;nywpe;J
nfhy;yg;gl Ntz;Lk;. vtu; jk; je;ij my;yhjtiu jk;Kila je;ijahf miof;fpwhNuh> vtu; jk;
cupikahsu; my;yhjtUld; jk;ik ,izj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhNuh> mtu;fs; kPJ my;yh`;Tila>
thdtu;fSila ,d;Dk;> kf;fs; midtUila rhgKk; cz;lhfl;Lk;! mtu;fspd; flikahd cgupahd
ve;j tzf;fKk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glhJ. (,g;D kh[h 2712> ]`P{`y; [hkp>789)

cupikfis
ikfis kPwhjPu;!

xU ngz; jkJ fztupd; tPl;bypUe;J mtuJ mDkjpapd;wp vijAk; nryT nra;af;$lhJ. mg;NghJ>
"czitAkh?' vd;W Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;F egpatu;fs;> "Mk;! mJjhd; ekJ nry;tq;fspy; kpfr;
rpwe;jJ' vd;whu;fs;. (]`P{`y; [hkp,1789> ]{dd; mG+ jhT+j; 3565)

x kf;fNs! xt;nthUtUf;Fk; nrhj;jpy; mtutupd; cupikfis my;yh`; toq;fp ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,dp>


vtUk; jkJ ve;j thupRf;Fk; capy; vOjf; $lhJ.(e]hap 3642> ]{dd; mG+jhT+j; 2870> 3565> jgfhj;
,g;D ]mJ)

,utyhf thq;fg;gl;l nghUl;fs; cupatuplNk xg;gilf;fg; glNtz;Lk;; ghiyf; nfhz;L gad;ngw


nfhLg;gl;l fhy;eilfs; (mtw;wpd; gad;ghL jPu;e;jTld;) mtw;wpd; cupikahsuplNk jpUg;gpf; nfhLf;fg;gl
Ntz;Lk;; fld;fs; epiwNtw;wg;gl Ntz;Lk;; ,og;gPLfis epiwNtw;w jiytNd nghWg;ghsd;. (]{dd;
mG+jhT+j; 3565> [hkpTj; jpu;kpjp 2120> 2121> ]{dd; ,g;D kh[h jgfhj; ,g;D ]mJ> jhuPf; ,g;D
,];`hf;)

ngz;fis kjpg;gPu;!

ftdpAq;fs;! ngz;fs; tp\aj;jpy; my;yh`;it mQ;rpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;; mtu;fSf;F ed;ikNa ehLq;fs;;


mtu;fs; cq;fSf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;ltu;fs;. my;yh`;Tila mkhdpjkhf mtu;fis ePq;fs; ngw;Ws;sPu;fs;!
vg;gb cq;fs; kidtpau; kPJ cq;fSf;F cupikfs; ,Uf;fpd;wdNth> mNj Nghy; cq;fs;
kidtpaUf;Fk; cq;fs; kPJ cupikfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mtu;fs; cq;fSf;Fr; rpwe;j Kiwapy; gzptpil
Mw;wl;Lk;! mtu;fSf;Fupa flik vd;dntd;why;> ePq;fs; vtiu tpUk;g khl;Bu;fNsh> mtiu mtu;fs;
tPl;Lf;Fs; mDkjpf;fhky; ,Uf;fl;Lk;; ,d;Dk;> khdf;Nflhd nraiyr; nra;ahky; ,Uf;fl;Lk;! mtu;fs;
Fw;wk; Gupe;jhy;> mtu;fisj; jz;bf;fpw cupikAk; cq;fSf;F cz;L. mJ mtu;fis ,Nyrhf
fhak;glhjgb mbg;gjhFk;. mtu;fSf;F xOq;fhd Kiwapy; czTk; cilAk; toq;Fq;fs;; mtu;fSf;F
ed;ikia ehLq;fs;; mtu;fs; cq;fspd; cjtpahsu;fshfTk; cq;fisr; rhu;e;jtu;fshfTk;
,Uf;fpwhu;fs;.my;yh`;tpd; ngaiu Kd;nkhope;Nj ePq;fs; mtu;fSld; kztho;f;if Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sPu;fs;!
(]`P`; K];ypk; 2334> ]`P`; [hkp> 7880)

,uz;ilg; gpd;gw;WtPu;!

kf;fNs! rpe;jpj;Jg; Gupe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;; vdJ Ngr;ir ftdkhf Nfl;Lf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. ehd; vdJ
gpurhuj;ij cq;fSf;F vLj;Jiuj;J tpl;Nld;. cq;fspilNa my;yh`;tpd; Ntjj;ij(Ak; mtdJ
J}jupd; topKiwAk;) tpl;Lr; nry;fpNwd;. ePq;fs; mtw;iwg; gpd;gw;wpdhy;> xUNghJk; topnfl khl;Bu;fs;!
(]`P`; K];ypk; 2334> ,g;D kh[h 3074) (Kmj;jh ,khk; khypf;/kp\;fhj;182. ]`P{`j; ju;fPg; 40.)

vr;rupf;ifahf ,Ug;gPu;!

kf;fNs! cq;fsJ ,e;j efuj;jpy;> jhd; tzq;fg;gLtijg; gw;wp i\j;jhd; ek;gpf;if ,oe;J tpl;lhd;.
MdhYk;> mtd; kfpo;r;rpAWk; tpjkha; ePq;fs; mw;gkhf fUJk; rpy tp\aq;fspy; mtDf;F ePq;fs;
fPo;g;gbtPu;fs;. MfNt> cq;fsJ khu;f;f tp\aj;jpy; mtdplk; vr;rupf;ifahf ,Ue;J nfhs;Sq;fs;!
(gpf;{` R+uh456. ]`P`; [hkp, 7880/K];jj;uFy; `hfpk;. ]`P{`j; ju;fPg; 40)

j[;[hiyg; gw;wp:

,d;Dk;> (kfh ngha;ad;) j[;[hiyg; gw;wpAk; cq;fSf;F vr;rupf;fpNwd;. my;yh`; mDg;gpa ve;j
,iwj;J}jUk; (mtidg; gw;wpj;) jk; rKjhaj;jhiu vr;rupf;fhky; ,Ue;jjpy;iy. (,iwj; J}ju;) E}`;
mtu;fs; (jk; rKjhaj;jhUf;F) mtidg; gw;wp vr;rupj;jhu;fs;. mtu;fSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; tUif je;j
,iwj;J}ju;fSk; vr;rupj;jhu;fs;. NkYk;> (vd; rKjhaj;jpduhd) cq;fspilNajhd; (,Wjpf; fhyj;jpy;)
mtd; Njhd;Wthd;. mtdJ (milahsj;) jd;ikfspy; vNjDk; rpy cq;fSf;Fg; Gyg;glhky;
NghdhYk;> epr;rakhf cq;fSila ,iwtd; cq;fSf;Fj; njupahjtdy;yd; vd;gJ cq;fSf;F
ed;whfNt njupAk;! cq;fs; ,iwtd; xw;iwf; fz;zd; my;yd;. mtNdh> (j[;[hNyh) tyJ fz;
FUlhdtd;. mtdJ fz; (xNu Fiyapy;) JUj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; jpuhl;ir Nghd;W ,Uf;Fk;.
(]`P`;{y; Gfhup 4402)

,iw Vw;ghl;il khw;whjPu;!

(khjj;jpd; ehl;fis jd; ,\;lg;gb) Kd; gpd;dhf;Ftnjy;yhk; ,iw epuhfupg;ig mjpfupf;Fk; nrayhFk;.
Mjdhy; epuhfupg;gtu;fs;jhd; topnfLf;fg;gLfpwhu;fs;. vndd;why;> mtu;fs; jq;fs; ,\;lg;gb khjq;fis
Kd; gpd;dhf;fp xu; mz;by; mk;khjq;fspy; Nghu; Guptij MFkhf;fpf; nfhs;fpwhu;fs;. kw;Nwhu; Mz;by;
mNj khjq;fspy; Nghu; GuptJ $lhJ vd;W jLj;J tpLfpwhu;fs;. ,t;thW mtu;fs; nra;tjd;
Nehf;fnky;yhk; jhq;fs; jLj;jpUf;Fk; khjq;fspd; vz;zpf;ifia my;yh`; jLj;jpUf;Fk; khjq;fspd;
vz;zpf;iff;Fr; rupahf;fp> my;yh`; jLj;jpUf;Fk; khjq;fisAk; jhq;fs; MFkhf;fpf;
nfhs;tjw;Fj;jhd;. (my;Fu;md;9:37) (jhuPf; ,g;D fy;J}d; 59/2)

mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;: epr;rakhf fhyk;> thdq;fisAk; G+kpiaAk; my;yh`; gilj;j md;wpUe;j mjd;
mikg;igg; Nghd;Nw> ,g;NghJk; Rw;wptUfpd;wJ. my;yh`;tplj;jpy; khjq;fspd; vz;zpf;if
gd;dpuz;lhFk;. ,g;gbj;jhd; thdq;fisAk; G+kpiaAk; my;yh`; gilj;j md;W> mtdJ Gj;jfj;jpy;
gjpT nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. mtw;wpy; ehd;F khjq;fs; rq;iff;Fupad. %d;W> njhlu;e;J tUgit. mit
Jy;fmjh> Jy;`[;> K`u;uk;> ehd;fhtJ [{khjy; cyhtpw;Fk; \mghdpw;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s u[g;
MFk;. (]`P{`y; Gfhup 4662> ]{dd; mG+jhT+j; 1942)

rNfhjuk; NgZtPu;!

xt;nthU K];ypKk; kw;w K];ypKf;Fr; rNfhjuu; Mthu;. K];ypk;fs; midtUk; rNfhjuu;fNs! xU


K];ypkpd; nghUs; gpwUf;F mwNt MFkhdjy;y; kdKte;J nfhLj;jhNy jtpu! cq;fSf;F ePq;fs;
mePjk; ,ioj;Jf; nfhs;shjPu;fs; (]`P{`y; [hkp, 7880> jhuPf; ,g;D fy;J}d; 59/2> gpf;{`]; ]Puh
456)
nrhu;f;fk; nry;
nry;y ,Jjhd; top!

x kf;fNs! cq;fs; ,iwtidNa tzq;Fq;fs;; cq;fs; ,iwtDf;Nf gae;J nfhs;Sq;fs;; flikahd


INtisj; njhOiffisAk; jtwhJ NgZq;fs;; (ukohdpy;) Nehd;G Nehw;W thUq;fs;; tpUg;gKld;
]fhj; nfhLj;J tpLq;fs;; my;yh`;tpd; ,y;yj;ij `[; nra;Aq;fs;; cq;fspy; mjpfhuk; cilNahUf;Ff;
fl;Lg;gl;L elq;fs;; ePq;fs; nrhu;f;fk; nry;tPu;fs;!. ([hkpTj; jpu;kpjp616> ]`P{`j; jpu;kpjp516> kp\;fhj;
576> K];dj; m`;kj;> jhuPf; ,g;D [uPu;> jhuPf; ,g;D m]g;fpu;> kMjpDy; m/khy; 1108>1109)

Fw;wthspNa jz;bf;fgLthu;!

xUtu; Fw;wk; nra;jhy; mjw;fhd jz;lid mtUf;Nf nfhLg;gLk;; kfDila Fw;wj;jpw;fhf je;ijNah>
je;ijapd; Fw;wj;jpw;fhf kfNdh jz;bf;fg;gl khl;lhu;. (]`P{`y; [hkp, 7880> [hkpTj; jpu;kpjp
2159>3078> ]`P{`j; jpu;kpjp373>461> ]{dd; ,g;D kh[h 3055> ]`P`; ,g;D kh[h 1015.)

,];yhk; KOikahfp
KOikahfp tpl;lJ!

xt;NthU ,iwj;J}jupd; gpuhu;jidAk; (,t;TyfpNyNa) Kbe;J tpl;ld; vd; gpuhu;j;jidiaj; jtpu! ehd;
mij kWik ehSf;fhf vd; ,iwtdplk; Nrkpj;J itj;jpUf;fpNwd;. mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;; kWik ehspy;
,iwj;J}ju;fs; jq;fsJ rKjhaj;jpdu; mjpfkhf ,Ug;gijf; fz;L kfpo;r;rpAWthu;fs;. mg;NghJ vd;id
ePq;fs; Nftyg;gLj;jp tplhjPu;fs;. ehd; cq;fSf;fhf ft;]u; ePu; jlhfj;jpw;F mUfpy; cl;fhu;e;jpUg;Ngd;.
(k[;kT]; ]thapJ 271/3)

kf;fNs! vdf;Fg;gpd; ve;j xu; ,iwj;J}jUk; ,y;iy; cq;fSf;Fg;gpd; ve;j xU rKjhaKk; ,y;iy.
(spyhY]; [d;dh 1061)

,q;F te;jpUg;gtu;fs;> tuhjtu;fSf;F ,e;j topfhl;ly;fis vLj;Jr; nrhy;yl;Lk;; tp\ak; nrd;W


NrUgtu;fspy; rpyu;> Neubahf Nfl;gtiutpl ed;F MuhAk; jd;ik cilatuhf ,Uf;fyhk;. (]`P{`y;
Gfhup 67>105>1741)

gpwF egp ]y;yy;yh{` miy`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; kf;fis Nehf;fp> "kWik ehspy; cq;fsplk;
vd;idg; gw;wp tprhupf;fg;gLk;NghJ ePq;fs; vd;d nrhy;tPu;fs;?'' vd;W Nfl;lhu;fs;. mjw;F kf;fs;>
"ePq;fs; (khu;f;f Nghjidfs; midj;ijAk; vq;fsplk;) njuptpj;J tpl;Bu;fs;; (cq;fsJ J}Jj;Jtg;
nghWg;ig) ePq;fs; epiwNtw;wp tpl;Bu;fs;; (rKjhaj;jpw;F) ed;ikia ehbdPu;fs; vd ehq;fs; rhl;rpak;
mspg;Nghk;" vd;whu;fs;.clNd my;yh`;tpd; J}ju; ]y;yy;yh{` miy`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs;> jkJ
Ml;fhl;b tpuiy thid Nehf;fp cau;j;jp irif nra;Jtpl;Lg; gpwF> mij kf;fis Nehf;fpj; jho;j;jp
",iwth! ,jw;F ePNa rhl;rp! ,iwth! ,jw;F ePNa rhl;rp! ,iwth! ,jw;F ePNa rhl;rp!" vd;W
Kbj;jhu;fs;. (]`P`; K];ypk; 2334)

,t;thW mtu;fs; $wpa mNj ,lj;jpy; my;yh`;tpd; Gwj;jpypUe;J fPo; tUkhW ,iwtrdk;
,wq;fpaJ:",d;iwa jpdk; cq;fSf;fhf cq;fSila khu;f;fj;ij KOikahf;fp tpl;Nld;; NkYk;> ehd;
cq;fs; kPJ vd; mUl;nfhiliag; G+u;j;jpahf;fp tpl;Nld;; ,d;Dk;> cq;fSf;fhf ehd; ,];yhk;
khu;f;fj;ijNa Nju;e;njLj;Jf; nfhz;Nld;. (mq;fPfupj;Jf; nfhz;Nld;.)'' (my;Fu;md; 5:3)

(]`P{`y; Gfhup 4406> 4407> K]d;d/g; ,g;D mgP i\gh> jhuPf; ,g;D [uPu;> jhuPf; ,g;D f]Pu;>
mj;Ju;Uy; kd;]{u;)