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oifcef;pm (1)

bk&m;ocif\tvkdawmf

rdwfaqGtygt0if urÇmay:&Sd vlom;wkdif;


u,fwifjcif;okdU a&mufbkd h&ef bk&m;ocif tvkdawmf
&Sdonf/ 1 wdarmao 2;4 vltaygif;wkdUonf
u,fwifjcif;okdYa&mufíor®mw&m;ukd odapjcif;iSg
bk&m;ociftvkdawmf&Sd\[kqkdxm;ygonf/
rdwfaqGonfvnf; vltaygif;ü yg0ifaomaMumifh
bk&m;ocifonf rdwfaqGukd u,fwifjcif;okdU
a&mufapvkdonf/ rdwfaqG u,fwifjcif;okd
ha&mufvkdygovm;/

,kHMunfjcif;tm;jzifh

rdwfaqGonfu,fwifjcif;okdUa&muf&efusrf;pmu
þokdUqkdxm;ygonf/ ,kHMunfaom tm;jzifh
aus;Zl;awmfaMumifh u,fwifjcif;okdUa&muf&\ ({zuf
2;8)? wenf;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;awmfukd ,kHMunfjcif; tm;jzifh
u,fwifjcif;okd ha&muf&onf/
aus;Zl;awmf (okdU) aus;Zl;jyKjcif;onf bk&m;ocif\
wm0efjzpfonf/ ,kHMunfbkdU
&efrSmvl\wm0efjzpfonf/bk&m;ociftaejzifh vlwkdif;
u,fwifjcif;okdUa&mufbkdU&ef aus;Zl;jyK cJhjyD;jyD/
xkdaus;Zl;awmf (okdU) aus;Zl;jyKjcif;ukd,kHMunfbkd
h&efomvkdawmhonf/ rdwfaqG ,kHMunf vkdyg ovm;/
bk&m;tykdif; vltykdif;
? ?
aus;Zl;jyKjcif; + ,kHMunfjcif; = u,fwifjcif;

Mum;emjcif;tm;jzifh

u,fwifjcif;okd ha&muf&ef vl htykdif;rS


vkdtyfcsufonf ,kHMunfjcif; jzpfaMumif;az:jycJ
hjyD;jyD/okdUjzpfvQif,kHMunfjcif;onf tb,fujzpfoenf;/
usrf;pmu,kHMunfjcif;onf Mum;emjcif; tm;jzifh jzpf\/
Mum;emjcif;onf vnf;bk&m;ocif\
pum;awmftm;jzifhjzpf\-[kqkdxm;onf/ (a&mr 10;1&)/
xkdUaMumifh Mum;emjcif;r&SdvQif
,kHMunfjcif;r&Sdedifacs/ a&mr?10; 14üvnf;
owif;rMum;&iftb,fokd h,kHMunfedifrnfenf;
[kqkdxm;ygonf/ xkd haMumifh,kHMunf edifbkd h&ef
Mum;embkdUvkdonf/

oabmwlaxmufcHjcif;
,kHMunfjcif;onf
Mum;emjcif;tm;jzifhjzpfaMumif;od&jyD/ okdUaomf
Mum;&aomt&mukd oabmrwl? raxmufcH? oHo,&SdvQif
,kHMunfonf[k rqkdedifao;acs/ rdrdMum;&aompum;ukd
oabmwlaxmufcHjcif;/ oHo,vnf;r&dSrSomvQif
,kHMunfonf[kqkdedifonf/ wenf;tm;jzifh
rdrdMum;onfhtwkdif;jyefvnfajymjyjcif;?
0efcHjcif;&SdrS,kHMunfjcif;rnfonf/ Oyrm-vlwa,mufu
ol\emrnfonfarmifarmifyg-[krdwfqufvQif Mum;&aom olu ol
hpum;ukd axmufcHedif? oabmwledifygu,kHMunfonf
[kqdkedifonf? Mum;aomolu-[kwfuJh/ oifajymonfhtwkdif;
oifonf armifarmif jzpfygonf[k
oabmwlrSomvQif,kHMunfonf[kqkdedifonf/

ykdí,kHoifhaomt&m
vlonfvdrfnmírkompum;ukdajymwwfonf/ okd
haomfvnf; wa,mufESifhwa,muf ,kHMunfwwfMuonf/
tajymaumif;vQif ykdí,kHvG,f Muonf/ okd haomf
rkomrajymbl;aom bk&m;pum;ukdrl r,kHMunfwwfMu/
bk&m;\uwdawmfrsm;ukdoHo,&SdwwfMuonf/ bk&m;\
uwdawmfxuf vlvlcsif;ay;aom uwdrsm;ukd
ykdí,kHwwfMuonf/ okd haomfusrf;pmu-
vl\oufaoukd,kH&vQifbk&m;ocif\oufaoawmfukdykdí
,kHbG,f&m taMumif;&Sd\-[kqkdxm; onf (1 a,m[ef
5;9)?
vlajymaompum;xufbk&m;ajymaompum;onfykdí,kHoif
honf[kqkdxm;onf/ rdwfaqG onf bk&m;pum;ESifhvl
hpum;teuf rnfol hpum;ukd ykdí,kHygoenf;/
bk&m;ajymaom pum; ukd ykdí,kHoifhonf[k
rdwfaqGajzvQif bk&m;ajymorQukd axmufcHedif&rnf/
rdwfaqG rodem;rvnfEdkif aomfvnf; oHo,uif;pGm
oabmwl&rnf/

tjrifrwlaomaMumifh
vlonf tb,faMumifh bk&m;pum;ukdr,kHedifoenf;?
tb,faMumifh bk&m; pum;ukd tvG,fwulraxmufcHedifoenf;
[lrlum; bk&m;tjrifESifhvlUtjrif? bk&m;tBuHESifhvl htMuH
rwlnD MuaomaMumifhjzpfonf/
bk&m;ocif ukd,fawmfwdkfifu-
xm0&bk&m;onfvljrifouJhokdU jrifawmfrlonf r[kwf-
[kqkdxm;onf (1&m 16;&)/wzefxm0&bk&m;rdefh
awmfrlonfum;-ig\tBuHtpnfonf
oifwkdU\tBuHtpnfESifhrwl/ ig\tusifhonfvnf;
oifwkdU\tusifhESifhrwl/ rdk;aumif;uif onf
ajrMuD;xufomíjrifhouJhokd hig\tusifhonf
oifwkdUtusifhxuf4if; ? ig\ tBuHtpnf onfoifwkd
h\tBuH tpnf xuf4if;omí jrifh\- [kqkdxm;ygonf (a[&Sm,
55;8-9)/

xkdUaMumifhvlonfbk&m;ocif\pum;ukd,kHMunfedif&efrS
m bk&m;jrif ouJhokd hjrifí ukd,fhtjrifukdy,fbkd hvkdonf/
ukd,fhtBuHtpnfukdy,f bk&m;tBuHtpnf twkdif;vufcHbkd
hvkdonf/
rwlnDcsufrsm;
bk&m;tjrifESifhvl htjrifrwlnDcsufrsm;-
(u) bk&m;tjrifü vl\0dnmOfonfwefbkd;&Sdonf/
vl htjrifü cE¨monfwefbkd;&Sdonf (róJ? 16;26)/
(c)
bk&m;uedifiHawmfESifhajzmifhrwfjcif;t&if&Smckdif;onf/
vluavmut&mukdom&Smaeonf(ró?J 6;31-33)
(*) bk&m;utxuf (aumif;uif)t&m&Smckdif;onf/
vluajrMuD;t&mukdom&SmaeMuonf (aum 3;2)/
(C) bk&m;ub@mrsm;ukdaumif;uifüpkckdif;onf/
vluajrMuD;ay:rSmpkxm;Muonf (ró?J 6;19)/
(i)bk&m;utaumif;[kqkdvQifvlutqkd;[kqkdonf/
bk&m;utcsKd[kqkdvQifvlutcg;[kqkdonf (a[&Sm, 5;20)/
qufvufaz:jyygu bk&m;ESifhvl htjrif?
tBuHcsif;wlnDcsuf r&Sd?tjrJqef husifbuf jzpfMuonf/ xkd
haMumifhtjrifcsif;rwlnDaom bk&m;\ pum;ukd vl
htaejzifh,kHMunfbkd h&ef cufaeonf/
y,fbkd hvkdonf
xkdokd hbk&m;tjrifESifhvl htjrifbk&m;tMuHawmfESif
hvl\tMuHrwlnD aomaMumifh
wzufzufürSm;,Gif;aeayrnf/okd hjzpfvQif rnfol
rSm;edifoenf;/ bk&m;onfrSm;edifrnfr[kwf/
vl\tjrifomvQifrSm;ayrnf/ xkd haMumifh vlonf rdrdtjrifESifh
tMuHukdy,fí bk&m;\tjriftMuH twkdif;vufcHbkdU vkdonf/
xdkokdU bk&m;tjrif twkdif;jrif
bk&m;tMuHtwkdif;vufcHrSomvQif bk&m;ocifukd
,kHMunfedifonf/ pdwfESvkH;cdkifrmaomolESifh
igonfynm&Sdonf[k xifrSwfaom olwkd
honfrdrdtjrifESifhtMuHukd ry,fedif aomaMumifh
bk&m;ocifukd r,kHMunfedifMuacs/ rdwfaqG-
bk&m;\tjriftwkdif;jrif bk&m;\tMuHtwkdif;
vufcHvkdygovm;/bk&m;ocifukd ,kHMunf vkdygovm;/
oifcef;pm (1) ar;cGef;rsm;
(1) bk&m;\ tvkdawmfonfvlwkdif;----------okd h
a&mufbkd h&efjzpfonf?
(2) u,fwifjcif;okd ha&mufbkd
h&efbk&m;bufrS--------------jyKí vlbufrS---------------bkd
hvkdonf/
(3) ,kHMunfjcif;onf----------jcif;tm;jzifhjzpf\/
(4) ,kHMunfjcif;onfMum;aomt&mukd-----------
jcif;jzpf\/
(5) vl\pum;xuf---------\pum;ykd ,kHoifhonf/
(6) vlonfbk&m;pum;ukdr,kHedifjcif;onf-----------
jcif;rwlnD aomaMumifhjzpfonf?
(&) bk&m;ocifu vl\----------ukd wefbkd;xm;í vlu -----------
ukd wefbkd; xm;onf/
(8) bk&m;uedifiHawmfESifh---------
jcif;ukd&Smckdif;aomfvnf;vlu-------ukdom &Smonf/
(9) bk&m;ESifhvl htjrifü -----------tjrifomrSefonf/
(10)bk&m;pum;ukd,kHedif&ef-------------
tjrifukdy,fí-----------\tjrifukd vufcHbkdU vkdonf/

oifcef;pm (2)
xm0&bk&m;w&m;olMuD;

oifcef;pm (1)ü bk&m;ocifukd,kHMunf


edif&efbk&m;ocif\ tjriftwkdif;jrifbkdU vkd
onf[kodcJh&jyD/ bk&m;ocif\tjrifomvQifrSefívl\
tjrifonfrSm;onf[kodcJh&jyD/ tb,f aMumifh
bk&m;ocif\tjrifomvQif rSefívl\tjrifonf
rSm;onf[kqkdedifoenf;/
w&m;olBuD;
tjypfom;rsm;ukdw&m;pD&ifaomolonf
w&m;olMuD;jzpfonf/ w&m;qkH;jzwf&mwGif
w&m;olBuD;\tjriftwkdif;omvQif qkH;jzwf&onf/ w&m;cHonf
ukd,fhukd,fukdrnfrQyif tjypfuif;í MowyÜpdwfMunfvif
apumrl w&m;olMuD;utjypf&Sdonf[k jrifvQif
tjypfay;cH&rnfom jzpfonf/
xkd
henf;wlwavmuvkH;&Sdvlom;rsm;ukdw&m;pD&ifrnfholonf
xm0&bk&m;yifjzpfonf/ usrf;pmü-
xm0&bk&m;onfigwkdU\ w&m;olBuD;jzpfawmfrl\-
[kqkdxm;onf(a[&Sm, 33;22)/ xkd haMumifh
xm0&bk&m;\tjrif tqkH;tjzwfomvQiftwnfjzpfíta&;MuD;onf/
uGsefyfESifh rdwfaqG\tjrifonfta&;rMuD;acs/

zefqif;aomaMumifh
w&m;olMuD;onftmPm&tpkd;&ucef htyfwwfonf/ okd
hjzpfvQif xm0&bk&m;ukd rnfoluw&m;olMuD;tjzpfcef
htyfoenf;/ xm0&bk&m;ukd w&m;olMuD;tjzpfcef htyfaom
olonf olukd,fwkdifyifjzpfonf/ taMumif;rSm vlom;rsm;ukd
zefqif;oljzpfonf/ rdbrsm;onf ukd,farG;aom
om;orD;rsm;ukd qkH;rykdifcGifh&SdouJhokd
hxm0&bk&m;vnf;olzefqif;aom vlom; rsm;
tay:w&m;pD&ifykdifcGif h&Sdonf/

rodaomfvnf;

rdwfaqGonfw&m;olBuD;ukdrodaomfvnf;tjypfusL;vGefygu
olESifh&ifqkdif&rSmjzpfonf/ xkd henf;wlrdwfaqGtaejzifh
w&m;olMuD;jzpfaom xm0&bk&m;ukd rodaomfvnf;?
*&krpkduf aomfvnf; wae husvQifol\w&m;
pD&ifjcif;ukdcH&rnfomjzpfonf/
usrf;pmu-
wzefwkHyv’ifjzLMuD;ukd4if;/yv’ifay:rSm
xkdifawmfrlaom olukd4if;/igjrif\/
aumif;uifESifhajrMuD;onf rsufESmawmfa&S
hrSajy;vGifhí olwkd haep&mt&yfr&Sd/ aovGefaom
tMuD;ti,fwkdUonf yv’ifawmfa&ShrSm
&yfaeMuonfukdigjrif\/ pmapmifrsm;ukdzGifhxm;\?
toufpmapmifwnf;[laom
tjcm;wyg;aompmapmifukdvnf;zGifhav\/
aovGefaom olwkdUonf rdrdwkdU tusifhtwkdif;
pmapmifüa&;xm;csufrsm;ESifh
tnDw&m;pD&ifjcif;ukd cH&Mu\/ (Asm 20;11=12)?

txufygw&m;pD&ifjcif;onfaemufqkH;aomtcsdefüjzpfonf/
urÇmvnf;ukefí vlrsm; tm;vkH;vnf;aojyD;rSjzpfrnf/
w&m;pD&ifjcif; cH&rnfholrsm;onf
aovGefaomolrsm;jzpfonf/ vlxifrSwfwwfonfrSm vlonf
aovQifjyóemuif;í at;csrf;rnf[líjzpfonf/
xkdokd xifrSwfjcif;onfpmwef\ vSnfhzsm;rIESifh
rodem;rvnfrI\ tm;enf;csuf jzpfonf/ trSefrSm
jyóemonfaojyD;rS ykdrsm;um b,faomtcgrS
ajz&Sif;edifawmhrnf r[kwfacs/ xkd haMumifh aoaMumif;
MuHpnfjcif; tm;jzifh jyóemrajz&Sif;bkd howday;vkdygonf/
rdwfaqGonf aovGef aomfvnf;
w&m;pD&ifjcif;cH&OD;rSmjzpfonf/
wzefusrf;pmu- vlonf wcgwnf;aoí xkd haemufrS
w&m; pD&ifjcif;cH&ouJhokd h-[kqkdxm;ygao;onf
(a[jAJ 9;2&)? vlonf aovGefaomfvnf;
w&m;pD&ifjcif;cH&OD;rnf/ xkdU aMumifhaojcif;
jzifhjyóem rat; ao;acs/ w&m;pD&ifjcif;cH&OD;rnf
jzpfaomaMumifh raorSDBudKwif jyifqifbkd hvkdonf/

r,kHaomfvnf;
rdwfaqGtaejzifhxm0&bk&m;ukd
rdwfaqG\tjypfpD&ifrnhf w&m;olMuD;tjzpf r,kHMunf bJ
jzpfaumif;jzpfedifonf/ okdhaomfrdwfaqG\
r,kHMunfjcif;jzifh xm0&bk&m;onf w&m;olBuD;tjzpfrS
avsmusoGm; rnfr[kwf/
aem{vufxufüvnf; xm0&bk&m;onfajrBuD;ukd
a&vTrf;rkd;jcif;tm;jzifh
w&m;pD&ifrnfht&mukdaem{tm;jzifh owday;cJhaomfvnf;
xkdacwfu vlrsm;onfr,kHMunfMu/ okdUaomfolwkd
h\r,kHMunfjcif;tm;jzifh w&m;pD&ifjcif;ukd
rqD;wm;edifMu/ xkdr,kHMunf olrsm;onf
a&vTrf;rkd;jcif;tm;jzifh aoaMuysufqD;Muonf (1 ay 3;19-
20)/
AmAkvkefedifiHukdtkyfpkd;cJhaom
aeAkc'faeZmrif;BuD;vnf;ol hukd,fol
csD;ajr§muf0g<um;aomtcg
bk&m;ocif\w&m;pD&ifjcif;ukdcHcJh&onf/ vlpifppfrS
wd&pämefpdwf0ifumvlpkxJrSESifxkwfjcif;cHcJh&avonf/
aumif;uifrS toHu- tjrifhqkH;aombk&m;ocifonf
avmuDedifiHukd tkyfpkd;íay;vkdaomolwkd
htm;ay;awmfrlonfukd rif;BuD; rod
rrSwfrDumvckESpfESpfywfvkH;EGm;uJhokd
hjrufpm;&rnf-[kqkd\/
('HHa,v 4;32)/
aekAkc'faeZmrif;BuD;onf bk&m;ocifpD&ifonfhtwkdif;
wd&pämefuJhokdY ckESpfESpfjzpfjyD;aemuf-
tjrifhqkH;aombk&m;ocifukdaumif;BuD;ay;í
xm0&touf&Sifawmfrlaom bk&m;ukd axmremjyK\/
tmPm awmfonf xm0&tmPmjzpf\/ edifiHawmfonf
urÇmtqufquf wnf\/
ajrMuD;om;taygif;wkdUonfa&SUawmfütb,frQr[kwf
ouJhodkU jzpfMu\/ aumif;uifAkdvfajcwkdUü4if;?
ajrBuD;om;wkdUü4if;? tvkdawmf&Sd onfhtwkdif;
pD&ifjyKjyifawmfrl\/ vufawmfukd
tb,folrQrqD;wm;edif/ tb,fokd hjyKoenf;[k
ukd,fawmfukd qkdedifaomol r&Sd- [k bk&m;ocif\
wefckd;awmfESifh tmPmawmfukd 0efcHoGm;cJhygonf/
('Ha,v?4;34-35)/
aeAkc'faeZmrif;BuD;onf xm0&bk&m;ocifukd
,kHMunfolr[kwf/ okdUaomfbk&m;ocif\ w&m;pD&ifjcif;onf
oluJhokd haom&Sifbk&if tay:vnf; oufa&mufí
rjiif;qkdedifcJhacs/ okd hjzpfvQifrdwfaqGESifh uGsefyfonf
tb,foUkdaomoljzpfí bk&m;\wefckd;awmfESifh
tmPmawmfukd jiif;qkdawmfvSefedifrnfenf;/

bk&m;ociftjypfrwifrSom
xm0&bk&m;onf
wavmuvkH;\uw&m;olBuD;jzpfaMumif;od&Sd&jyD/ xkd
haMumifhxm0&bk&m;\ tjypfwifjcif;rSuif;vGwfrSomvQif
oufom&m &rSmjzpfonf/ usrf;pmu-
xm0&bk&m;tjypfwifawmfrljcif;ESifhvGwfí
vSnfhpm;wwfaompdwfoabmESifhuif;pifaomolonfr*
Fvm&Sd\-[kqkdxm;onf (qmvH 32;1-2)/
xkdhaMumifhrdwfaqGtygt0if vlom;tm;vkH;onf
rdrdtjrifESifh tBuHtpnftm;vkH;ukd pGef
hvTwfíxm0&bk&m; ocif\tjriftwkdif;jrifbdkU
pD&ifawmfrlcsufrsm;udk od&SdvufcHbkd hvkdtyfonf/

oifcef;pm (2)ar;cGef;rsm;

1/

tjypfom;rsm;ukdw&m;pD&ifaomolonftb,folenf;------------
-/
2/

wavmuvkH;&Sdvlom;rsm;ukdw&m;pD&ifrnfholonf-------
-----jzpfonf?
3/ xm0&bk&m;onftb,faMumifhw&m;olBuD;jzpfedifoenf;?
---------/
4/

rdwfaqGonfw&m;olBuD;ukdrodaomfvnf;tjypfusL;vGefy
gu w&m;pD&ifjcif;cH&ygrnfavm-------------/
5/ Asm'dwf20;11-12 ürnfolwkd
hw&m;pD&ifjcif;cH&Muoenf;/----------/
6/

vlonfaoaomaemufrnfonfht&mcH&OD;rnfenf;/--------------
--/
&/aem{acwfvlrsm;onfxm0&bk&m;\
owday;jcif;ukdr,kHMu aomfvnf;
w&m;pD&ifjcif;cMHuoavm? -----------------/
8/ aeAkcfaeZmrif;BuD;ukdrnfoluwd&pämefuJhokd
hjzpfatmifw&m; pD&if oenf;/-------------------/
9/

aeAkcfaeZmrif;BuD;onfrnfol.tkyfpkd;jcif;ukdjyef0efcHc
Jhoenf;/
---------------/
10/ rdwfaqG? xm0&bk&m;\wefckd;awmf?
tmPmawmfESifhw&m;pD&ifjcif;ukd
0efcHygovm;/---------------/
oifcef;pm (3)
eH0dnmOfjzifhukd;uG,fjcif;
oifcef;pm(2)üxm0&bk&m;onf wavmuvkH;\w&m;olBuD;
jzpfaMumif; od&Sd&jyD? xkdw&m;olBuD;u ol
hukdukd;uG,faomolonf eH0dnmOfjzifh ukd;uG,f &rnf[k
ynwfxm;onf/
eH0dnmOfjzifhukd;uG,f&rnf
ocifa,&Sku-ukd;uG,faomolrSeforQonf crnf;awmfukd
eH0dnmOf ESifh4if; opömw&m;
(or®mw&m;)ESifh4if;? ukd;uG,f&rnfh tcsdef
umvonfvmí,ckyifa&mufvsuf&Sd\/ taMumif;rlum;
xkdokdU ukd;uG,faomolwkd hukdcrnf;awmfonf
tvkd&Sdawmf rl\/bk&m; ocifonf
eH0dnmOfjzpfawmfrl\/ bk&m;ocifukd ukd;uG,faom
olwkdUonfeH0dnmOfESifh4if;opömw&m;
(or®mw&m;) ESifh4if; ukd;uG,f &rnf- [krdef
hawmfrl\ (a,m 4;23-24)/
rnfuJhokd hukd;uG,f&rnfenf;

bk&m;ocifukdrnfuJhokdUeH0dnmOfjzifhukd;uG,f&rnfenf;/
rsm;aom tm;jzifh xdkokd h,lqwwfMuonf?
eH0dnmOfjzifhukd;uG,fjcif;qkdonfrSm/-
(u) pdwfESvkH;ygygESifhukd;uG,f&rnf[lí4if;/
(c) pdwfa&mukd,fyg ukd;uG,f&rnf [lí4if;/
(*) opöm&SdpGmukd;uG,f&rnf[lí4if; jzpfonf?
okdhaomfxkdt&mrsm;onfeH0dnmOfr[kwfaomaMumifhrS
m;,Gif;aeygonf/pdwfESvkH;onf0dnmOfr[kwfyg/
ukd,fpdwf0dnmOf
bk&m;ocifonfvlukdzefqif;aomtcg ukd,fcE¨m? pdwf?
0dnmOf okH;rsKd;yg0ifvsuf zefqif;cJhonf/ xkdtxJü
bk&m;ESifhwlnDaom tykdif;onf 0dnmOfjzpfonf/
vlonfxkd0dnmOftm;jzifh bk&m;ocifESifh rdó[m&zGJU
Ekdifonf/ xkd0dnmOftm;jzifhbk&m;ukd ukd;uG,f&rnf/
xkd0dnmOf tm;jzifhbk&m;ESifh pum;ajymedifonf/bk&m;\
tvkdawmfukdvnf; odedifonf/ taMumif;rSm
0dnmOftcsif;csif;jzpfaomaMumifhjzpfonf/
&Sifaygvku-
bk&m;ocifonfrddrd0dnmOfawmftm;jzifhigwkd h
tm;az:jyawmfrl\- [kqkdxm;onf (1 aum 2;10)? wzef
-igwkdUonf bk&m;ocif\om;jzpfMuonf[k
0dnmOfawmfonf igwkd h\0dnmOf
ESifhtwloufaocHawmfrl\- [kqkdxm;onf (a&m 8;16)/
xkd haMumifh
bk&m;0dnmOfESifhvl\0dnmOfqufaerSomvQifeH0dnmOfjz
ifh ukd;uG,fEkdifonf/ atmufygykHu bk&m;\0dnmOfESifh
vl\0dnmOfqufpyfrIukd az:jyxm;onf?
txufygykHü bk&m;\0dnmOfeSifh
vl\0dnmOfonfqufaeonf/ xkdUaMumifh
vl\0dnmOfonfbk&m;ocifxHrS xm0&toufukd
&&SdcHpm;onf/ bk&m;\ tvkdawmfukdvnf; odonf/ xkdtcg
vl\0dnmOfu pdwfESvkH;ukd tkyfcsKyf nTefMum;edifonf/
wzefpdwfonf 0dnmOf\nTefMum;csuft& bk&m;\
tvkdawmfukdodí ukd,fcE¨mukdnTefMum;edifonf/ xkdokd
hjzifh pdwfESifh ukd,fcE¨monf bk&m;\tvkdawmftwkdif;
touf&SSifjcif;tm;jzifh bk&m; bkef;awmfxif&Sm;apedifonf/
bk&m;ESifhtqufjywfjcif;
vlom;tm;vkH;\bcifjzpfaomtm'Honfbk&m;ocifESifhqufp
yfvsuf tajctaeaumif;&mrS
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tm'Honfbk&m;ocifESifhtqufjywfí tjypfom; b0okdU
a&mufoGm;onf (u 3;23)/

txufygykHtwkdif; tm'Honf
bk&m;pum;em;raxmifaomaMumifh ol\
0dnmOfeSifhbk&m;ocif\ 0dnmOftMum;qufoG,frSk
jywfawmuf oGm;onf/
bk&m;ESifhvltMum;tjypfwdrfumpD;aeonf/
rkd;wGif;üaexGuf aomfvnf; rkd;wdrfaMumifhaerawG
hedifouJhokd h tjypfaMumifhbk&m;ESifh vluGmjcm;aponf
(a[&Sm, 59;2)/ xkd haMumifhbk&m;ocifonf vl0dnmOfukd
nTefMum;jcif;r&dSawmhacs/
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0dnmOfonfbk&m;ESifhtqufjywfaomaMumifh taojzpfum
pdwfESvkH;ukd nTefMum;jcif;r&Sdawmhacs/
xkdtcgpdwfonfbk&m;\ae&mukd,lí rdrdpdwfBudKuf
ukd,fcE¨mukd nTefMum;tkyfcsKyfvmonf/ xkd haMumifh
ukd,fcE¨monf pdwf\ tvkdqE´twkdif;om touf&Sif
vIyf&Sm;vmawmhonf/
wd&pämefjzpf
xkdokd
hpdwfESvkH;onfukd,fcE¨mukdtkyfcsKyfvsufaeaomaMumi
fhbk&m; tvkdawmfESifhrukdufnDawmhacs/
tm'H\0dnmOfonf &Sdaeaomfvnf; r&Sd ouJhokd
hjzpfonf/ xkd haMumifhukd,fcE¨mESifhpdwf\tvkdokd
hom vkduf&onf/ xkdokd
hpdwfESifhukd,fcE¨mtvkdokdUom vdkufaomolonf
wd&pämefjzpfonf/
taMumif;rSmwd&pämefrsm;vnf;ukd,fcE¨mESifhpdwftvkd
okd homvkdufMuonf/ okdUjzpfí
tm'HonfvlpifppfrSwd&pämefb0okd husqif;oGm;onf/
tm'HrS qif;oufvmaom
vlom;wkdif;vnf;wd&pämefjzpfonf/
arG;puyif0dnmOfykdif;üaoaevsuf?
cE¨mukd,fykdif;ESifhpdwfom touf&Sif Muonf/ xkd
haMumifh,mauom; tm*k&u- tu,fpifppf igonf vlr[kwf?
wd&pämefjzpfonf- [k0efcHcJhonf (okwåH?30;2)/

trsufawmfcH&
xkdokd hvlonf ukd,fum,ESifhpdwftvkdom
vkdufaomaMumifh bk&m;ocif\ trsufawmfukd cH&aom
olrsm;jzpfMuonf ({zuf ?2;3)/
rdwfaqGESifhuGsefyfonfarG;puyif
(1) wd&pämefoabmESifharG;Muonf/xkd
haMumihfpdwfESifhudk,fum,tvkdokdUom
vkdufwwfMuonf (ok ?30;2)/
(2) bk&m;ocifESifhtqufjywfaeonf/xkdhaMumifh
bk&m;ocif\tvkdawmfukd rodMu (1 aum ?2;11-14)/
(3) xm0&toufqkH;&SkH;onf/ xkd
haMuifhavmurSxGufoGm;aomtcg i&JoUkdoGm;&rnf
(u ?3;1& ? 21-24)/
(4) bk&m;\trsufawmfcH&aomolrsm;jzpfMuonf/xkd h
aMumifhaysmf&Tif jidrfoufrSkr&Sd ({zuf ?2;3)/

i&JrD;tkdif ocFsKdif;
txufygykHü vlonftjypfaMumifh bk&m;ESifhtqufjywfí
wd&pämefjzpf oGm;onf/ 0dnmOfonftaojzpfí vlonf
cE¨mukd,fESifh pdwftvkd okdYom vkdufonf/ xkd
haMumifh bk&m;trsufawmfcH&onf/ okdU jzpfí vlonf
avmurS xGufcGgoGm;aomtcg pdwfESifh0dnmOfonf
rD;tkdif xJokd h qif;í ukd,fcE¨monf ajrBuD;odk
hjyefoGm;&rnf/

tjypfz,fbkd hvkd
vlonfrdrdtjrifüvl[k ukd,fhukd,fukd
xif&aomfvnf;bk&m;tjrifü wd&pämefjzpfaejyD/ xkd
haMumifhbk&m;ukd ukd;uG,fvQifvnf; pdwftm;jzifh4if;?
ukd,fcE¨mtm;jzifh4if;ukd;uG,fonf/ okd
haomfbk&m;ocifuvufrcHEkdif/
eH0dnmOftm;jzifhukd;uG,frS omvQif vufcHedifrnf/
wenf;tm;jzifhvl\ 0dnmOfESihf bk&m;ocifjyefquf&rnf/okd
haomfbk&m;ESifhvltMum;ütjypf&Sdae aomaMumifh
eH0dnmOfjzifhukd;uG,fí r&acs/ xkdtjypfukdz,f&Sm;bkd
hvkdonf/ xkdtjypftaMumif;ukd oifcef;pm (4)ukd
avhvmMupkdU /
oifcef;pm (3)ar;cGef;rsm;
1/ bk&m;ocifukdbmtm;jzifhukd;uG,f&rnfenf;-------------
2/ pdwfa&mukd,fygukd;uG,fjcif;rSefygovm;?----------------
3/ vlü tykdif;b,fESpfck&Sdoenf;?---------------
4/ cE¨m? pdwf? 0dnmOfü bk&m;ESifhwlaomtykdif;onf-------------
5/ bk&m;\tvkdawmfukdtb,ftykdif;uodedifoenf;------------
6/ bk&m;uvl\ rnfonfhtykdif;ukdnTefMum;oenf;--------------
&/ vl\ 0dnmOfurnfonfhtykdif;ukdnTefMum;oenf;---------------
8/ pdwfurnfonfhtykdif;udk nTefMum;oenf;--------------
9/ bk&m;ESifhvltqufjywfapaomt&monf------------
10/ vlonfbk&m;ESifhtqufjywfaomtcg rnfolutkyfpkd;oenf;------------
11/ vlonfbk&m;ESifhtqufjywfaomtcgrnfol\
tvkdvkdufoenf;-----------
12/

pdwfESifhukd,fum,tvkdomvkdufaomolonfrnfhonfht&mjzpfoenf;
?----------
13/ rdwfaqGonfrnfonhftcsdefrSpíwd&pämefjzpfoenf;-------------
14/ arG;puyifbk&m;ESifhtqufjywfaomaMumifhrnfol
htvkdawmfrod oenf;?------
15/ rdwfaqGaoqkH;aomtcgukd,fcE¨monfrnfonfht&m jzpfrnf
enf;?------------
16/ rdwfaqGaoqkH;aomtcg0dnmOfESifhpdwfonfb,fae&mokUd
a&mufrnf enf;?----
1&? vlonfukd,fcE¨mESifhpdwftvkdomvkdufaomaMumifh
rnfoltrsufxGuf oenf;?
------------/
18/

bk&m;ukdeH0dnmOfjzifhukd;uG,fedif&efbk&m;ESifhvl\0dnmOf
rnfokdUjzpf&rnfenf;
-----------/
19/

bk&m;ESifhvl\0dnmOfjyefqufedif&efbmukdz,f&Sm;&rnfenf;------
------
20/ bk&m;ukdeH0dnmOfjzifhukd;uG,fvkdygovm;?-----------

oifcef;pm (4)
tjypftaMumif;
oifcef;pm (3) bk&m;ESifhvl tqufjywfapaom t&monf
tjypfjzpfaMumif;od&MujyD/
xkdtjypfukdz,f&Sm;EkdifrSomvQif bk&m;ocifukd
eH0dnmOfESifhukd;uG,fedifrSmjzpfaMumif;od&jyD/
xkdtjypfukdz,f&Sm;edif&ef
tjypftaMumif;ukdyXrOD;pGmodbkd hvkdonf?vlemukd
ukbkdUa&m*gukdt&if&Sm
ouJhokd hvl\tjypfukd bk&m;ocif\tjriftwkdif;t&ifodbkd
hvkdygonf/
tjypfESpfrsKd;
bk&m;tjrifü tjypfESpfrsKd;&Sdonf/4if;wkd
hrSmarG;&mygtjypf ESifhusL; vGefaomtjypf wkd
hjzpfonf/
arG;&mygtjypf
arG;&mygtjypfonfukd,fwkdifusL;vGefaomtjypfr[kwf/ar
G;bGm;pOfuygvmaom tjypfjzpfonf/ qmvHusrf;ü-
tuGsefyfonf arG;puyiftjypfygvsuf &Sdyg\/
trd0rf;xJrS oaE¨,lpOfyif tjypfpJGyg\/- [kqkdxm;onf
(qm?51;5)/
jzpfay:vmykH
arG;&mygtjypfonfvltm;vkH;\ wOD;wnf;aombcif
tm'Htm;jzihf jzpfonf/
tm'Honfbk&m;ocifuzefqif;puukd,fcE¨mpdwf 0dnmOf
taumif; yuwd&SdcJ honf (u 1;30/ tm'Hukdol\ rdef;r
{0ESifhtwl{'if O,smOfüxm;chJonf(u2;15)/
xkdO,smOfü&SdaomopfoD;tm;vkH;pm;cGifh
&Sdaomfvnf; O,smOftv,fü&dSaomaumif;raumif;
oduGsrf;&mtyif\ toD;udkum; bk&m;ocifu pm;cGifhrjyK
(u?2;1&)?/ okd haomf tm'HESifh{0wkdU onfbk&m;ocif\
pum;ukdem;raxmifbJ pmwef\ vSnfhzsm;rIukd em;axmif
aomaMumifh xkdtoD;ukdpm;cJhMuonf (u?3;6-&)/
xkdokd h vlvifr,m;wkd honf
bk&m;pum;em;raxmifaomaMumifh bk&m;ocifutjypfom;
[kowfrSwfvkdufonf (a&m?5;19)/ ynwfawmfukd
vGefusL;jcif;onftjypfjzpfonf (1a,m 3;4)/
tm'HHESifh{0wkUdonf bk&m;ocif\ wckwnf;aom
ynwfawmfukd vGefusL;aomaMumifh tjypf
om;jzpfoGm;Muonf/ tm'Honfvltay:rSm jypfrSm;onf r[kwf/
vlodwwfaom tjypfrsm;jzpfonfh vlowfjcif;? ckd;jcif;?
vdrfnmjcif;rsm; usL;vGefonfr[kwf?
bk&m;\pum;em;raxmifjcif;jzpfonf/ xkdtjypfonf
tjypftm;vkH;\ rlvtjrpfjzpfonf/
tarGqkd;
tm'HESifh{0wkdUonf om;pOfajr;qufrsm;xH tjypfwnf;
[laom tarG;qkd;ukday;tyfcJhonf/ tm'HESifh{0wkd hrS
arG;zGm;vmaomvlom;wkdif;onf olwkd huJhokd htjypf
om; rsm;jzpfMuonf/ xkdokd harG;bGm;pOfu ygvmaomt
jypfudk arG;&mygtjypf[kac:onf/ vltcskKd hwkd
honfarG;&myg tjypf&SdaMumif;ukd r,kHMunf vufrcHMu/
ukd,fwkdif tjypf usL;vGefaomaMumifh tjypfom;
jzpfonf[k,lqMuonf/ okdUaomfatmufyg usrf;csufrsm;
Munfhjcif;tm;jzifh arG;&mygtjypf&SdaMumif; xif&Sm;onf/
wa,mufaomoltm;jzifh
usrf;pmu - tjypfw&m;onfwa,mufaomol tm;jzifh
þavmuokd h0ifí tjypfw&m;tm;jzifhaojcif;w&m;
0ifonfESifh tnD vltaygif;wkd honf
tjypf&SdaomaMumifh aojcif;okd h a&muf&Mu\
[kqkdonf (a&mr 5;12)/
usrf;pmu tjypfw&m;onf þavmuokd
hwa,muftm;jzifh 0ifonf [kqkdonf/ vltrsm;tm;jzifh0ifonf
r[kwf? wa,mufaomol tm'Htm;jzifh0ifonf/ xkd
tjypfaMumifh aojcif;w&m;0ifonf [kqkdjyefonf/ xkd
aMumifhaowwfaomolwkdif;utjypf&Sdonf/
aojcif;onfrarG;ao;cif rdcif\0rf;xJrS pwifjzpfay:edifonf/
vlMuD;jzpfrS? tjypfusL;vGefrSom aoEkdifonfr[kwf/ okd
hjzpfí tjypfaMumifh aojcif;w&m;0ifonf[k qkd&m
wGifusL;vGefaomtjypfukdqkdvkdonfr[kwf?
arG;&mygtjypfukdqkdvkdjcif;jzpfaMumif; xif&Sm;onf/
em;raxmifaomtm;jzifh
usrf;pmu-
wa,mufaomolonfem;raxmifaomtm;jzifh
vlrsm;wkdUonftjypfokdha&mufonfhenf;wl
wa,mufaomol\ em;axmifaomtm;jzifh vlrsm;wkd
honf ajzmifhrwf&mokd h a&muf& Mu\ - [kqkdonf
(a&m 5;19)/
yXrwa,mufaomolonf tm'Hjzpfonf/ tm'Honf
bk&m;pum; ukd em;raxmifaomtm;jzifh vlrsm;wkd honf
tjypfokd ha&mufonf[k qkdonf/ xkd
haMumifhrdwfaqGukd,fwkdif tjypfusL;vGefaomaMumifh
tjypfom; jzpfonfr[kwf/
arG;&mygtjypfaMumifhtjypfom;jzpfonf/
roef h&Sif;aomol
wzefusrf;pmu- roef h&Sif;aomt&mxJu oef
h&Sif;aom t&mukd tb,folxkwfaz: edifoenf;/tb,fol
rQrxkwfaz: edifyg- [kqkdxm;onf (a,mb 14;4)/ vlonf
bk&m;ocifa&S hrSm oefU&Sif;jcif;r&Sd (a[&Sm 64;4)/
rdbwkdif;ütjypf&SdMuonf/ xkd haMumifhtjypf&Sdaom
rdbonf oefY&Sif;aomom;orD;ukd rarG;bGm;edifyg/
tjypf&Sdaomrdbonf tjypfom;rsm;ukdomarG;bGm;edifonf/
roef h&Sif;edif
vlonftb,fokd haomoljzpfíoef
h&Sif;edifoenf;vlrdef;r
zGm;aomolonftb,fokdhaomoljzpfíajzmifhrwfedifoe
nf;- (a,mb 15;14)/
þusrf;ykd'fuvlrdef;rrSzGm;jrifaomolwkdif;onfroefU&Sif;
rajzmifhrwf[kqkdxm;onfavmuü rdef;rxJrS
rarG;zGm;aomol wa,mufrQ r&Sd/ xkd
UaMumifhrddef;rzGm;aomoluGsefyfESifhrdwfaqGvnf;roef
h&Sif;/
trd0rf;xJrS
usrf;pmu -
tuGsefyfonfarG;puyiftjypfygvsuf&Sdyg? trd
0rf;xJrSmy#doaE¨,lpOfyiftjypfpJGyg\- [kqkdonf
(qmvH?51;5)/

þqmvHukda&;aom'g0d'frif;BuD;onfarG;puyiftjypfygaMum
if;? trd0rf;wGif;rSmyiftjypf&SdaMumif;0efcHcJhonf/
xkdokd htjypfrsKd;aphonf arG;puyifygaomaMumif
hMuD;vmaomtcgtvkdtavsmuftjypf vkyfwwf Muonf/ rdcif\
0rf;xJrS 'kp&kduftjypfrvkyfedifyg/ xkdaMumifh
xkdtjypfonf arG;&myg tjypfjzpfonf/ vlwkdif;arG;&myg
tjypfaMumifh tjypfom;jzpf&onf/ 'kp&kduftjypfaMumifh
tjypfom;jzpf&onfr[kwf/ tjypfom;t&ifjzpfaom aMumifh
tjypfvkyf&onf/
&kdif;aomoabm
rw&m;aomolonf trd0rf;xJrSpí
&kdif;aomoabm&SdMu onf/ arG;uwnf;u vrf;vGJí
rkompum;ukdajymwwfMu\ (qmvH?58;3)/
&kdif;aomoabmonf arG;&mygjzpfonf/
vrf;vJGjcif;ESifh rkom ajymjcif;onfvnf; arG;&mygjzpfonf/
vlwkdif;&kdif;aomoabm&Muonf/
rkomrajymwwfaomolrajymbl;aomolvnf;r&Sdacs/ xkd
haMumifhvlonf arG;&mygtjypf&SdaMumif;xif&Sm;onf/
bk&m;tay:jypfrSm;
arG;&mygtjypfonftm'HaMumifhjzpfonf?
arG;&mygtjypfonf vlvlcsif;tay:jypfrSm;aomtjypfr[kwf/
bk&m;tay:jypfrSm;aom tjypfjzpfonf/ tm'Honf
bk&m;tay:jypfrSm;cJhonf/ tm'Hom;orD; wkdif;vnf;
tm'HrSwqifhbk&m;tay:jypfrSm;cJ hMujyD/
tjypf\tcaojcif;
usrf;pmu tjypf\tcum;aojcif;aywnf;-[kyg&Sdonf
(a&m 6;23)/ wzef
-tjypfw&m;tm;jzifhaojcif;w&m;0ifonf-[kqkdjyefonf
(a&m?5;12)/ xkd haMumifhaoedifaomolwkdif;u
tjypf&dSonf? tjypf\tcum; aojcif;[k
qkdaomaMumifhaojcif;taMumif;ukdodxm;bkd hvkd onf/
aojcif;okH;rsKd;
aojcif;okH;rsKd;&Sdonf/ cE¨mukd,faojcif;/
0dnmOfykdif;qkdif&m aojcif;ESifhxm0& (okd h)
'kwd,aojcif;wdk hjzpfonf/ xkdokH;rsKd;pvkH;onf
cJGcGgjcif;ukdqkdvkdonf/
ukd,fcE¨maojcif;
ukd,fcE¨m aojcif;onf ukd,fcE¨mESif
hpdwf0dnmOfcJGcGgjcif; jzpfonf/
ukd,fcE¨mxJrSpdwf0dnmOfxGufoGm;aomtcg usef&pfaom
ukd,fcE¨mukdvlao[kac:onf/ w&m;p&yfrSL;\orD;
aoaomtcg ocifa,&Iu olr\ pdwf0dnmOfukd
jyefvmapjcif;tm;jzifh toufjyef&Sif vmonf/ (vk 8;53-55)/
ukd,fcE¨m aoaomtcg ,kHMunfol\ pdwf
0dnmOfonfaumif;uif bkHokdU wufí
r,kHMunfol\pdwf0dnmOfrlum; i&Jokd ha&mufoGm;onf
(vk 16;22-23)/ ukd,fcE¨mrlum; ajrrSkef
hrSjzpfaomaMumihf ajrrSkef hokd h jyefoGm;onf (u
3;19)/ ukd,fcE¨maojcif;onf om;r,m;? rdb? nDtpfukd
armifESrrsm;?
aqGrsKd;rdwfaqGrsm;ESifhcJGcGgaomaMumifh0rf;enf;&o
nf/
0dnmOfykdif;aojcif;
0dnmOfonf raoedifacs/aoedifvQifi&JxJü
a0'emcHp&m taMumif; r&Sd/ bk&m;ocifESifh
tqufjywfjcif; ukd0dnmOfykdif;aojcif;[k ac:onf/
tm'Honfbk&m;pum;em;raxmifaomaMumifhbk&m;ESifh
cJGcGg&onf/ bk&m;ocifu tm'Htm;
aumif;raumif;oduGsrf;&m tyif\ toD;ukdrpm;&?
pm;aomae hwGifao&rnf [kqdkonf (u ?2;2&)/ tm'Honf
xkdtoD;ukd pm;aomae hwGif
bk&m;ESifhcJGcGgíbk&m;tjrifu aooGm;onf/ol\ ukd,fcE¨m
aoaomfvnf;bk&m;ocifESifhcGJcGgjcif;onf aojcif;jzpfonf/
tm'Honf 0dnmOfykdif;aojyD;rS
om;orD;&aomaMumifh ol\om;orD; wkdif;onf
0dnmOfykdif; aojyD;om;ESifh arG;bGm;Muonf/
rdwfaqGESifh uGsefawmfvnf;
tm'HrSqif;oufarG;bGm;aomaMumifh 0dnmOfykdif;aojyD;
om;ESifh arG;bGm; Muonf/ xkdaMumifh
ukd,fcE¨maovQifi&Jokd hoGm;bkdU&ef arG;bGm;Muonf/
'kwd,aojcif; (okd h) xm0&aojcif;
'kwd,ao jcif; (okd h)
xm0&aojcif;onfukd,fcE¨mütouf&Sif pOf u,fwifjcif;okd
hra&muf? 0dnmOftoufr&Sif xm0&touf r&Sdaom
aMumifh ukd,fcE¨maoaomtcg 0dnmOfonfxm0&
rD;tkdifxJokUd hqif;oGm; jcif;ukd qkdvkdonf/ usrf;pmü-
aMumufwwfaomol? r,kHMunfaomol?
pufqkyf&GH&SmbG,faomol? vltoufukdowfaomol?
rw&m;aom arxkefü rSD0Jaomol?
jyKpm;wwfaomol? &kyfwkukd ukd;uG,f aomol?
opömysufaomoltaygif;wkd hrlum; 'kwd,aojcif; wnf;
[l aom uef hESifhavmifaom rD;tkdifxJü rdrdwkd
htbkd hukd&Mu vdrfhrnf- [k qkdxm;onf (Asm? 21;8)/

oifcef;pm (4)ar;cGef;rsm;

1/ tjypfb,fESpfrsKd;&Sdoenf;/ az:jyyg -------------


2/ arG;&mygtjypfonfrnfoltm;jzifhjzpfoenf;/---------------
3/ arG;&mygtjypfonf ------------tay:jypfrSm;jcif;jzpfonf/
4/ a&m 5;19 tm'H\tjypfonfrnfonfht&mjzpfoenf;/------------
5/ roef h&Sif;aomt&mxJrSoef
h&Sif;aomt&mxkwfaz:Ekdifoavm/------
6/ vlonfrnfonfhtcsdefrSpí tjypf&Sdoenf;/-------------
&/
vrf;vGJjcif;ESifhrkomajymjcif;onfrnfonfht&G,frSpoenf;/-----
-----
8/ tjypf\ tcum;-------------jcif;aywnf;/
9/ aojcif;okH;rsKd;ukdaz:jyyg/
(u)--------------------
(c)--------------------
(*)--------------------
10/0dnmOfykdif;aojcif;onf
--------------ESifhcJGcGgjcif;jzpfonf/
oifcef;pm (5)
usL;vGefaomtjypf
oifcef;pm (4)ü arG;&mygtjypftaMumif; od&Sd
cJh&jyD/,ckarG;&myg tjypf\
toD;tyGifhjzpfaomusL;vGefaomtjypftaMumif;ukdavhvm&
rSmjzpfonf/
toD;tyGifh
ocifa,&Sku-toD;tm;jzifhtyif\oabmukdxif&Sm;
onf jzpfítoD;aumif;vQif tyifaumif;onf[k
qkdMuavmh? toD; raumif; vQiftyifraumif;
[kqkdMuavmh-[kqkdxm;onf (ró?J 12;33)/ ocifa,&Skajym
ouJhokd hyifopfoD; aumif; raumif; onf tyifESifh qkdifonf/
tyifaumif;vQif toD;aumif;í tyifraumif;vQif toD;
raumif;acs/ tyifraumif;jcif;onfvnf;
trsKd;raumif;jcif;aMumifh jzpfonf/
rsKd;aumif;vQiftyifaumif;onf/ tyifaumif;vQif
toD;aumif;onf/ xkd haMumifhtoD;onf t"dur[kwf/ rsdK;okd
hr[kwf tyifonft"du jzpfonf?
vlüvnf; arG;&mygtjypfonf rsKd;ESifhwlonf/
arG;&mygtjypf &Sdaom tjypfom;onf
tyifESifhwlonf/ tjypfom; usL;vGefaom tjypfonf
toD;ESifhwlonf/ usL;vGefaomtjypfukd vlwkdif;uem;vnf
Muonf/ vl htoufukdowfjcif;? ckduf&efjzpfyGm;jcif;?
rw&m;aomarxkefü rSD0Jjcif;? ol hr,m;ukdjypfrSm;jcif;?
ckd;jcif;? vdrfnmjcif;? rw&m;ojzifh usifhjcif;?
pdwfqkd;jcif;? pdwfwkdjcif;? pdwfaumufjcif;?
olwyg;ukdtjrifuyfjcif;? rw&m; pD;yGg;ukd wyfrufjcif;?
rrSefaom oufaoukd cHjcif;? avmb vGefusL;jcif;?
remvkdjcif;? rkef;wD;jcif;? twif;ajymjcif;? paom
tjypfom;rsm;rS xGufvmaom raumif;rSkrSeforQonf
usL;vGefaom tjypfjzpfonf/ xkdtjypfrsm;onf
vlvlcsif;tay:jypfrSm;aom tjypfrsm;jzpf
aomaMumifhvl\ tjrifü tvGeftjypfMuD;onf/
toD;aMumifhr[kwfrsKd;aMumifh

o&ufyifonfo&ufoD;oD;aomaMumifho&ufyifjzpfonfr[kwf/
o&ufrsKd;rSaygufaomaMumifh o&ufyifjzpfonf/
o&ufoD;oD;onfjzpfap? roD;onfjzpfap?
o&ufrsKd;rSaygufaomaMumifho&ufyifjzpfonf/ o&ufoD;
roD;aomo&ufyifonf&mckdifESkef;tjynfho&ufyifjzpfonf/o&
ufoD; oD;aom o&ufyifonf ykdío&ufyifjzpfonf r[kwf/
xkd henf;wl vlonf usL;vGefaom
tjypfvkyfaomaMumifh tjypfom; jzpfonf r[kwf/ tjypfrsKd;rS
aygufbGm;vmaomaMumifhtjypfom; jzpf &onf/ vlwkdif;
xifrSwfwwf onfrSmvlonf usL;vGefaomtjypfaMumifht
jypfom; jzpf&onf[líjzpfonf/ xkd haMumifhtjypfom;
rjzpfbkd htjypfrusL;vGef&ef csKyfwD; Muonf/ xkdokd
hcsKyfwD;&efvnf; wkdufwGef;a[majymoGefoifMuonf/
rjzpfedif
'kp&kduftjypf csKyfwD;jcif;onfaumif;ygonf/ okd
haomftjypfom; onf 'kp&kduftjypf ukdcsKyfwD;edifonf
r[kwf/ vla&S hYcsKyfwD;edifaomfvnf;
bk&m;ocifa&SYtjypfusL;vGefvsufyif&Sdonf? usrf;pmu-
tJoa,myd (vl
rJ)onfrdrdta&\tqif;ukd4if;/ usm;opfonfrdrdtuGuf
tMum; wkd4if;? ajymif;vJedifoavm? ajymif;vJ
edifvQif 'kp&kdufukdjyK avh&Sdaomolwkd honf
okp&kdufukd jyKjcif;iSgwwfedifMuvdrfhrnf-
[kqkdxm;ygonf (a,&rd?13;23)/xkd
haMumifhrdwfaqGtaejzifh okp&kdufwnf; [laom
aumif;rSkjyKedifbkd h&efrSm tJoa,mydwnf;[laom tom;rJ
vlrsKd; ta& tqif;ajymif;&rnf/ usm;opfvnf;rdrdtuGuf
tqif;ajymif;&rnf/ tJoa,mydvlonf rdrdta&tqif;ukd
rajymif;edif/ usm;opfonfvnf; rdrdtuGuftMum;ukd
rajymif;edif/ xkd haMumifhrdwfaqGESifh uGsefyfvnf;
tusifh rajymif;edif?bk&m;ocifa&ShYukokdvfrvkyfedifMu/
npfaomt0wf
vlUtjrifüaumif;onf[kxif&aomfvnf;bk&m;tjrifüraumif;aomt
&mrsm;pGm &Sdonf rdwfaqG taejzifh rdrdtusifhukd
ESpfoufrnfjzpfaomfvnf; bk&m;ocif taejzifh
tvGef&GH&Smonf? usrf;pmu- tuGsefyfwkd
h&SdorQonf pifMu,f jcif; r&Sdyg?
jyKbl;orQaomukokdvfaumif;rSkwkd honf npfaom
t0wfESifhwlMuyg\- [kqkdxm;ygonf (a[&Sm 64;6)/
txufygusrf;ykd'ft&ukokdvfaumif;rSkrsm;yifvQif&HGp&
maumif;aomnpfaom t0wfESifhwlonf/ vl htjrifü
ukokdvfaumif;rSkonfaumif;ygonf/ okd haomf
tjypfom;jyKaomukokdvfaumif;rSkukdbk&m;ocif&GH&Sm
onf/tb,faMumifh enf; [lrlum; vlonf npfnL;aomaMumifh
jzpfonf/ vlonfbk&m;ocif a&SUü tEla&m*gonfvkd
npfnL;onf/ tela&m*gonf okyfay;aom vufzufokyfukd
rdwfaqGpm;csif ygrnfavm/ rnfrQyifaumif;aomvufzuf? yJ?
ESrf;?ykZGef ajcmufrsm;okH; aomfvnf;
rdwfaqGpm;csifrnfr[kwf/ taMumif;rlum;
vufzufokyfaumif;aomfvnf; okyfay;olroef h&Sif;aom
aMumifh jzpfonf/ xkd henf;wl rdwfaqG\ukokdvf
aumif;rSkrsm;onf aumif;ygonf/ okdUaomf rdwfaqGonf
bk&m;ocifa&SU roef h&Sif;aomaMumifh rdwfaqG\
ukokdvfaumif;rSkrsm;vnf; npfnL;onf/ oef h&Sif;jcif;r&Sd/
xkdUaMumifh bk&m;ocifa&SU üY ukokdvftm;jzifh
rsufESmr&edifacs/
tjypfr&Sd[kxifwwf
vlonf tarSmifom;jzpfí
tarSmifxJüaeaomaMumifhrdrdtjypfukd rjrifwwfacs/
wcgwkef;u- rSm;,Gif;jcif;trSkukd jyKvsufaeaom
rdef;r wa,mufukd awG
hvQifusrf;jyKq&mESifhz&d&SJwkd honf ac:í tv,f ü
xm;jyD;rS t&Sifbk&m; xkdrdef;ronf
rSm;,Gif;jcif;trSkukd jyKpOfwGif yif awG hrdygonf/
xkdokd haomrdef;rukd ausmufcJESifhypf&rnf[k
arma&Sonf tuGsefyfwkd htm;ynwfw&m;ü
pD&ifxkH;zJG hygjyD/ okdU&m
wGifukd,fawmfonftb,fokd hrdef hawmfrlrnfenf;[k
avQmufMu \/
a,&Skonfatmufokd hikH
hvsufvufnKd;awmfESifh ajrüa&; om;í aeawmfrll\/
xkdolwkd honf txyfxyfar; avQmufMuaom tcg
ukd,fukdvSefawmfrlí oifwkd hwGiftjypf
uif;aomolonf
a&S;OD;pGm ausmufcJESifhypfap [krdef
hawmfrljyD;rS wzefatmufokdU
ikHUíajrüa&;om;awmfrljyef\/ xkdolwkd
honfMum;&vQifrdrdwkd hpdwf ESvkH;onfrdrdwkd
htjypfukdaz:jyojzifh toufBuD;aomolrSpí
ti,fqkH;aomolwkdifatmif wa,muf aemufwa,muf
xGufoGm; Mu\?(a,m 8;3-9)/
usrf;jyKq&mESifhz&d&SJrsm;onftpü rdrdwkd
htjypfukdrjrif/ trsKd;orD;\/ tjypfukdom jrifMuonf/ xkd
haMumifh ocifa,&SkxH trsKd;orD;ukd w&m;pJGMuonf/
olwyg;\tjypfukd jrifaecsdefwGif ukd,fhtjypfukdrjrifedifacs/
xkdenf;wl rdwfaqGonf ukd,fhtjypfukd
rjrifedifbJ&dSaeygovm;/ okd haomf
ocifa,&Sk\pum;aMumifh rdrdwkd htjypfukd
jrifíxkdrdef;rukd tjypfrjrif awmhbJ xGufcGgoGm;Muonf/
xkdoltaygif;wkd honf tvmütjypfr&Sd[k xifrSwfMu
aomfvnf; ocifa,&SkxHrS tjyefwGifrdrdwkd h tjypfrsm;ukd
odjrifvsufjyefoGm;Muonf/ rdwfaqGvnf; ocifa,&SkESifh
awGUygu rdrdtjypfukdjrifvmrSmjzpfonf/
aumif;aomtusifhusifhol
vl xifrSwfwwfonfrSm avmu vlwkdhtxJüaumif;aom
tusifhusifhaom olawmfaumif;&Sdrnf[líjzpfonf/ okd haomf
usrf;pmu twdtvif; az:jyonfrSm-
aumif;aomtrSkukdjyKaomol r&Sd/ em;vnfaomol?
bk&m;ocifukd&SmaomolwpkHwa,muf &Sdonfr&Sd
onfukd odjrifjcif;iSm xm0&bk&m;onf aumif;uifay:u
vlom; wkd hukdikHíMunfh&Skawmfrl\/
vltaygif;wkdUonf vrf;vGJMujyD/
wnDwnGwfwnf;aqG;ajrU,kd,Gif;jcif;&SdMu\/aumif;
aom tusifh ukdusifhaomolr&Sd?wa,mufrQr&Sd-
[kqkdxm;onf(qmvH 14;2-3)/
vltjrifü aumif;aomol?
tusifhaumif;aomol&Sdedifaomfvnf; xm0&bk&m;tjrifü
wa,mufrQaumif;aomtusifhusifhaomol r&Sd[k qkdxm; onf/
wa,mufrQr&Sd[k twdtvif; az:jyxm;onf/ tb,fhaMumifh enf;
[lrlum;vlonfarG;puyif tjypfom;jzpfaomaMumifhjzpfonf/
tjypfom; onf tjypfvkyfbkd h&efarG;bGm;onf/ xkd
haMumifhtjypfom vkyfwwfonf/

tjypfvkyfbkd h&efarG;
vlwkdif;xifrSwfwwfonfrSm
vlonftaumif;ESifharG;aomfvnf; BuD;vmaomtcg
ywf0ef;usif aMumifhtaygif;toif;aMumifh tusifhysuf onf
[líjzpfonf/ okd haomf rnfonfht&mrqkd
trsKd;vkdufaMumif;awGU &onf/ Oyrm? acG;onfa[mifbkd
harG;onf/ xkd haMumifhacG;a[mifvQif tHhMop&mr&Sd/
bJonfa&ul;bkdYarG;onf/ xkd haMumifhbJa&;ul;vQifxl;qef;
onfr[kwf/ Muufzonf wGefbkd harG;onf/ xkd
haMumifhMuufzonf oifay; p&mrvkdbJBuD;vmaomtcg
wGefwwfonf/
xkd henf;wl vlonfvnf; tjypf vkyfbkd h arG;bGm;onf/
xkd haMumifhBuD; vmaomtcg
oifay;p&mrvkdbJtjypfrsKd;pkHvkyfwwfonf/ tjypfvkyfenf;
oifwef;rwufbJtjypf vkyfwwfMuonf/ ckd;enf;?owfenf;?
rkomajymenf; oifwef;r&Sdyg/ vlwkdif;vkyfwwfMuonf/
xkdokd htjypfvkyfwwfbkd h&efarG;bGm; Muonf/
xkdt&mukdodaom'g0d'frif;BuD;u-
tuGsefyfonfarG;puyif tjypfygvsuf&Sdyg\/
trd0rf;rSmy#doaE¨,lpOfyif tjypfpJGyg\- [kqkdxm;onf
(qmvH?51;5)?/ arG;pü xkdtjypfoabmonf rxif&Sm;ao;/
BuD;vmaomtcgrSxif&Sm;vmonf/ opfyifrsm;vnf;
aygufcgpü roD;wwf/ okd haomfBuD;&ifhvmaomtcgrS
oD;wwfMuonf/ rodaomolrsm;twGuf toD;oD;rSom
tyif\oabmukdod&Muonf/ trsKd;em;vnfoltwGuf
aygufpuyifrnfonfh toD;rsKd;oD;rnfukd em;vnfedifonf/
bk&m;ocifonf vl\oabmukd arG;puyif
em;vnfaomaMumifh rnfuJhokd haom
tusifhukdusifhrnf[laomt&mukdodESifhjyD;om;jzpfonf/
xkdUaMumifhtb,folrQ
bk&m;ocifa&Shawmfüajzmifhrwfaomolr&Sd-
jcm;em;jcif; tvQif;r&Sd/ vltaygif;wkd
honf'kp&kduftjypfukdjyKí bk&m;ocif\ a&S
hawmfütoa&ysufMujyD (a&m? 3;23)/

oifcef;pm (5) ar;cGef;rsm;

1/ tyif\oabmukdrnfonfht&mjzifhod&oenf;/--------------
2/ tyifaumif;vQif--------------aumif;onf/
3/

arG;&mygtjypfonfrsKd;ESifhwlíusL;vGefaomtjypfonf----
------ESifhwlonf/
4/ vlonf'kp&kdufjypfvkyfaomaMumifhtjypfom;jzpfoavm/
tjypfom;jzpfaomaMumifh tjypfvkyfoavm/-----------------
5/ usm;opfonftuGuftMum;ajymif;edifrS vlonf -------------
rvkyfbJaeedifrnf/
6/ vl\aumif;rSkukodkvfonfbk&m;a&SUü -------------uJhokd
hjzpfonf/
&/zg&d&SJESifhusrf;jyKq&mwkd
honftb,fhaMumifhrSm;,Gif;aomrdef;r\
tjypfukdomjrifoenf;/--------------
8/ bk&m;ociftjrifü aumif;aomtusifhukdusifhaomol
-----------rQr&Sd/
9/ vlonfaumif;aomtusifhusifhbkd harG;oavm?raumif;aom
tusifhusifh bkdU arG;oavm/ --------------------
10/ vlonfrnfonfht&G,frSpítjypfom;jzpfoenf;/ ----------------

oifcef;pm (6)
rdef;rtrsKd;ESifha>rtrsKd;
oifcef;pm (5) üusL;vGefaomtjypftaMumif;oifcJ hMujyD/
vlonf aumif;aom
tusifhrusifhEkdifaMumif;od&SdchJMujyD/ ,ckvlwkdif;
cspfjrwfedk;í taotvJ umuG,fvkdaom
trsKd;taMumif;ukdavhvmMupkd h/ vlrsKd;wkdif;
rdrdtrsKd;ukdESpfoufjrwfekd;wwfMuonf/ rdrdtrsKd;ukd
trTrf;wifwwf Muonf/ trsKd;ukdtxdrcHedifMu/
trsKd;twGuftaocH&JMuonf/ olwyg;\trsKd;xuf
ukd,fhtrsKd;omíaumif;? ykdíjrwfonf[k ,lqwwfMuonf/
tdrfaxmifzuf a&G;cs,f&mwGifvnf;
trsKd;taMumif;ukdxnfhwGufpOf;pm;wwMfuonf/ okdUjzpfí
trsKd;taMumif;ESifhywfoufí bk&m;ocif\tjrifukd od&Sd
em;vnfbkdU vkdtyfonf/
&efjidK;zJGU
tm'H ESifh {0wkd honf ajrG\vSnfhzsm;rIaMumifh
aumif;raumif; oduGsrf;&m tyif\ toD;ukd pm;jcif;jzihf
tjypfom;jzpfMu&onf/ xkdtcg bk&m;ocifu ajrGukdac:í -
oifonf þtrSkukdjyKaomaMumifh om;,Of om;&J
taygif;wkd hxufusdefjcif;ukdcH&\/ oifonf 0rf;jzifh
oGm;í ajrrSkef hukd woufvkH;pm;&rnf/
oifESifhrdef;rukd4if;? oif\ trsdK;tEG,fESifhrdef;r\
trsKd;tEG,fudk4if;? igonf&efjiKd;zJG haprnf? ol onf
oif\acgif;ukdBudwf vdrfhrnf/ oifonf ol\zaemifhukd
Budwfvdrfhrnf[krdef hawmfrl\-(u 3;14-15)/
txufygusrf;ykd'ft&
bk&m;ocifonfajrG\trsKd;tEG,fESifhrdef;r\ trsKd;tEG,fukd
&efjiKd;zJGUvkdufonf/ okdUjzpfvQifajrG\trsKd;tEG,fonf
rnfoljzpfí rdef;r\ trsKd;tEG,fonfrnfolenf;/ þtcsufukd
odbkdU&ef urÇmay:üvljzpfenf; av;enf;ukdodbkd
h&efvkdtyfonf/
vljzpfenf;av;enf;
urÇmay:üvljzpfenf;av;enf;&Sdonf?,if;wkd hrSm-
(1) rdbrJh (u ?2;&)
rdbr&SdbJvljzpfvmaomol&Sdonf/ vlom;rsm;tm;vkH;\
bcif jzpfaom tm'HonfajrrSkefYrSvljzpfvmonf/
bk&m;ocifonf tm'Hukd ajrrIefUrSzefqif;cJhonf/
tm'Hürdbr&Sd/ cav;b0vnf;r&Sd/ t&G,f a&mufaom
vlBuD;tjzpfzefqif;onf/ tm'HuJhokdU bk&m;ocifonf
rnfolukdrQ rzefqif; awmhacs/
(2) rdcifrJh(u 2;21-22)
zcifom&Sdí rdcifr&SdbJvljzpfvmaomol&Sdonf/
xkdolonf vlom; tm;vkH;\ rdcifwnf;[laom {0yifjzpfonf/
bk&m;ocifonftm'Hukd BuD;aom tdyfjcif;jzifh tdyfapí
ol\eH&kd;wacsmif;ukd xkwfum vlrdef;rukd zefqif;cJhonf/
{0vnf; cav;b0 r&Sd/ t&G,fa&mufaomrdef;rBuD; tjzpf
zefqif;jcif; jzpfonf/ oluJhokdU rnfolrQ zefqif;jcif;r&Sdawm
hacs/
(3) rdbESpfyg;rSvljzpfjcif;
rdwfaqGESifhuGsefyftygt0ifvlom;tm;vkH;onfrdbESpfy
g;rSarG;bGm; vmMuonf/ cav;b0rSMuD;jyif; vmMuonf/
zefqif;jcif;tm;jzifh vljzpfMu onfr[kwf/
arG;bGm;jcif;tm;jzifhvljzpfMuonf/
(4) rdef;rtrsKd;
rdcif&Sdaomfvnf; zcifr&SdbJvljzpfaomol&Sdonf/
xkdolonf ocif a,&Skyifjzpfonf/ ocifa,&Iü rdcifrm&d
&dSaomfvnf; vlzcifr&Sday/ vlrsm;
txiftrSwftm;jzifha,moyfonf ol\zcifjzpfonf (vkum
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--------------------
2/ vljzpfenf;tm;vkH;az:jyyg? -------------------
3/ rdef;rtrsKd;onfrnfolenf;/------------------
4/ £oa&vrsm;ukda,m[efu---------------[kqkdonf/
5/ vlonfrnfol\trsKd;tEG,fjzpfoenf; -----------------
6/ ajrG\ vu©PmESpfckaz:jyyg / ----------------
&/ vl\ tqdyfonfrnfonfhae&mü &Sdoenf;/ -------------------
8/ vlonf vQm --------------- &Sdonf/
9/ vQmESpfcG&Sdjcif;qkdonfrSm--------------------
10/ ajrGqkd;rsKd;onfrnfhonfhae&mokd
hoGmrnfenf;------------------

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oifcef;pm (&) ar;cGef;rsm;


1/ tm'HESifh{0onfzefqif;pürnfol\om;orD;rsm;jzpf Muoenf;/
--------------------
2/ tm'HESifh{0wkd honfpmwefpum;em;axmifcsdefrSpí
rnfol\ om;orD; rsm;jzpfMuoenf;/--------------------
3/ £oa&vrsm;tm; ocifa,&Skurnfol\om;orD;rsm;[kqkdoenf;/
---------------------
4/ vlonfarG;bGm;aomtcgrnfol\ om;jzpfoenf;/------------------
5/ vlwkdif;\ yaxG;onfrnfolenf;/ -----------------
6/

vlonfpmwef\om;orD;jzpfaomaMumifhrnfolESifh&efjzpfo
enf;/
----------------------------
&/pmwef\om;orD;rSef;rnfonfht&mrsm;tm;jzifhod&oenf;/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
8/ rdwfaqGonfrkomajymbl;ygovm;/ -------------------------
9/

avmuukdcspfaomolonfrnfol\om;orD;jzpfaMumif;xif&Sm
;
oenf;/ --------------------
10/ pmwef\ed*kH;onfrnfonfhae&mjzpfoenf;/
------------------------

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oifcef;pm (8) rSar;cGef;rsm;
1/

ukd,fcE¨mESifhpdwfomtouf&SifvSLyf&Sm;aomolonf
vl jzpfoavm wd&pämeffjzpfoavm/
--------------------------
2/ acG;onfrdrdtHzwfukdjyefpm;wwfouJhokd
hvlonfbmvkyfwwf oenf;/---------------------
3/ 0ufonf&TUHukdBuKdufouJhokd hvlonfb,ft&m
ukdBuKduf oenf;/----------------------
4/ okwåH 30;2/okwåHq&mu
olonfbmOmPfESifhrjynfhpkH[kqkdoenf;/
------------------
5/

wd&pämefrsm;onfbk&m;ocifukdukd;uG,fwwfoavm/--
----------
6/ aeAkcfaeZmonfrnfolukdcsD;rGrf;rSvl
hpdwfjyef0ifvmoenf;/ --------------------------
&/

wDaumifESifhvlBuKdufaomt&monftb,ft&menf;/--------
---
8/

wDaumifESifhvltxJürnfonfht&mom&Sdoenf;/------------
-----
9/

ykd;&GESifhvlüwlnDcsufrsm;ukdaz:jyyg/----------------
---------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------
10/ rdwfaqGonfbk&m;ocifa&S hü
wDaumifESifhavmufaumifjzpfaMumif;
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hcspf&rnfenf;/------------
2/ bk&m;ocif\ rdef;rrsm;onftb,folenf;/----------------------
3/

bk&m;ocifonf£a&vukdtb,faMumifhcspfoenf;/---------------
--
4/ £oa&vonfbk&m;xuftb,ft&mukdcspfoenf;/----------------
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----------------------
6/ £oa&vrsm;onfrnfonfhezl;&Sdoenf;/---------------
&/

bk&m;ocifonfrnfolukdjynfhwefqm,lckdif;oenf;/------------
-----
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oifcef;pm (10) rSar;cGef;rsm;


1/ bk&m;ocifu vl\cE¨m pdwf
0dnmOfzefqif;pürnfuJhokd h&SdcJhoenf;/
----------------------------------------------------------------
2/

vl\cE¨monftb,faMumifheHapmfí&d,JGvsuf&Sdoenf;/-
--------
3/ rdwfaqGonfbk&m;tjrifüusef;rmygovm;/
-------------------
4/ tjypf\tponftb,fujzpfoenf;/---------------------
5/ rnfol\pdwfESvkH;ü tjypfpoenf;/-----------------------
6/ vl hpdwfonftpOfrjywfrnfuJhokd
h&Sdoenf;/---------------
&/ vlukdrnfonfht&munpfnL;apoenf;/-----------------
8/ ausmufuJhokdUrmaompdwfoabm
tpm;bk&m;ocifurnfuJhokdUaom
pdwfukday;rnfenf;/------------------
9/

0dnmOfykdif;aojcif;onfrnfolESifhtqufjywfjcif;jzpfoenf
;/
----------------------------------------------------------------
10/ vl\0dnmOfonfrnfolukdqmiwfoenf;/ ----------------------

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vlukdowfonf
vlwkdif;u ynwfw&m;onf vlukd t ouf&Sif ap
onf[kxifrSwfMu ayvdrfhrnf/ okd haomfynwfw&m; onf
vlukdtoufr&SifapbJ toufukd aoapaMumif;
&SifaygvkuþuJhokd ha&;om;xm;onf- ynwfw&m;
r&SdvQif tjypf ao\/ txufuynwfw&m;r&Sdojzifh
igonf touf&Sif\/ ynwfw&m;ay:aomtcg
tjypfw&m;onf &Sifjyef \/ ig onfvnf; ao\/
touf&Sifjcif;ESifhqkdifaom ynwf w&m; onf
aojcif;ESifh qkdifonfukd igawGU&\/ tjypfw&m; onf
ynwf w&m; tm;jzifh tcGifh&vQifighukd
vSnfhzsm;íxkdw&m; tm;jzifhighukd owfav\-
[kqkdonf (a&mr? &;8-11)? qkd
vkdonfrSmynwfw&m;aMumifh tjypfw&m;onf&Sifí
ighukdowfí aoaponf/ xkd haMumifh ynwfw&m;onf
vlukdtouf&Sifaponf r[kwfbJ aoapaMumif;awG h&onf/
tjypfod&ef
xkdokd hajzmifhrwfjcif; vnf;ray;edifonf om ru
udsefjcif; ESifhaojcif; ukdjzpfapwwfaom ynwf w&m;ukd
bk&m;ocifonftb,faMumifh ay;ao;oenf;/ taMumif;rSm vlonf
rdrd tjypfukd em;rvnfEkdif/ ukd,fhukd,fukd vlaumif;
tjypfr&Sd[kxifwwfonf/ xkd haMumifhvl\ tjypfukd az:jybkd
h&efynwfw&m;ukday;xm;jcif;jzpfonf/usrf;pmü- xkdokdU
ynwf w&m;onftjypfukdxif&Sm;aponf jzpf
aomaMumifh ynwf w&m;\
tusifhtm;jzifhbk&m;ocifa&S h awmfü tb,folrQ
ajzmifhrwf &mokdUra&mufedif&m- [kqkd onf
(a&m?3;20)/ xkd htjyif-ynwfw&m; tm;jzifhom
tjypfoabmukdigod&\/ tb,fokd henf;[lrlum; avmb
pdwfr&SdESifh [kynwfw&m;rqkdvQif
avmboabmukd igrod-[kqkdao;onf (a&m?&;&)/ xkd
haMumifhynwfw&m;\ tvkyfrSm vlrsm; rdrdwkd
h\tjypfukdaz:jybkd h&efjzpfonf/
c&pfawmfxHokd hykd h
ynwfw&m;onfolukd,fwkdifajzmifhrwfjcif;ray;edif/ol
hukdtrDSjyKvQif usdefjcif;ESifh aojcif;ukdom jzpf ap onf/
okd haomfajzmifhrwfjcif;&edifbdkU&ef vl rsm;ukd
c&pfawmfxHokd hykd haqmifonf/ usrf;pmü- igwkd
honf,kHMunf jcif;tm;jzifh ajzmifhrwf&mokd
ha&mufapjcif;iSg ynwfw&m;onf c&pfawmf xHokd
higwkd hukd ykd haqmifí igwkd h\txdef;jzpfownf;-
[kyg&Sdonf (*vm?3;24)/ xkd haMumifhynwfw&m;onf
c&pfawmfukd ,kHMunfjcif;tm;jzifh ajzmifhrwf&mokd
ha&mufapjcif;iSg taxmuftul jzpfonf/ okd haomf
ynwfw&m;ukdomtm;ukd;vQifaojcif;ukdomjzpfaponf/
oifcef;pm (11) rSar;cGef;rsm;
1/ ynwÅdusrf;rsm;ukdaz:jyyg/
--------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------
2/ ynwfw&m;ukd rnfoluay;oenf;/-----------------------------
3/ wyg;trsKd;om;rsm;xH
ynwfay;oavm/-------------------------
4/

ynwfw&m;vkdufavQmufedifol&Sdoavm/------------------
------
5/ ynwfw&m;tm;jzifh
ajzmifhrwfedifoavm/-----------------------
6/

ynwfw&m;rvkdufavQmufedifvQifbmcH&rnfenf;/--------
--------
&/ ynwfw&m;onfaoapoavm&Sifapoavm/-------------------
8/ ynwfw&m;onfbmukdodapoenf;/----------------------------
9/ ynwfw&m;onf rnfol hxHokd h ykd
haqmifoenf;/----------------
10/

rnfolukd,kHMunfrSajzmifhrwfedifoenf;/--------------------
------
oifcef;pm (12)
vlrwwfedif
,cifoifcef;pmrsm;üvl\tajctaeonftvGefqkd;0g;í
raumif;aMumif; awGU&onf/ trsKd;vnf;raumif;tusifh
tm;jzifhMunfhvQif vnf;raumif;/ xkd haMumifhtjypfuif;&ef
ajzmifhrwfbkd h&ef bk&m;ocif\ edifiHawmf
a&mufbkdU&ef vlrwwfedifyg/
xkdt&mrsm;ukdtwkdcsKH;íqufavh vmMupkd h/
tjypfESifh ywfoufívlonftjypfuif;bkd h&ef rwwfedifyg/
usrf;pmu- tJoa,mydvlonf rdrdta&\tqif;ukd4if;?
usm;opf onf rdrdtuGuftusm;ukd4if;
ajymif;vJedifoavm/ajymif;vJ edif vQif 'kp&kdufukd
jyKavh&SdaomolwkdUonfokp&kdufukd jyKjcif;iSg
wwfedifMuvdrfhrnf- [kqkdonf (a,&rd?13;23)/ vlonftjypf
rvkyfbJraeedifyg/ tJoa,mydvl (vlrJ)onf tom;jzLvmrS
usm;opfonf tuGuf tusm;ajymif;vmrSvlonf tjypf
rvkyfbJaeedifrnf/
tjypftcESifhywfoufí
usrf;pmu - tjypf\tconfaojcif;aywnf; - [kqkdonf
(a&m?6;23)/ vlonftjypf\tctwGuftaocHygurnfuJhokd
hxm0& touf&edifrnfenf;/ vlonfrdrd tjypftwGuftaocHvQif
i&JusbkdU&ef omvQif&Sdonf/ xkd
haMumifhvlonftjypf\tctwGuf ray;qyfedifacs/
tjypfaq;aMumjcif;ESifhywfoufí
vlonfaemifw&í
aemufxyftjypfrusL;vGefbkdU&efMuKd;pm; wwfonf/ okd
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tjypfrsm;oef h&Sif;pifMu,f apbkd h&ef rwwfedifyg/
usrf;pmu-vl\tjypfudk ajzaom t&mum;
taoG;jzpfownf; - [k qkdonf (0wfjyK &m?1&;11)/ wzef-
taoG;roGef;avmif;bJtjypfajzvTwfjcif; r&Sd-
[kqkdjyefonf (a[jAJ?9;22)/ vlonf rdrdt jypfoef
h&Sif;apbkkd h&ef taoG;oGef;p&mr&Sdyg/ wd&pämef
taoG;tm;jzifhvnf; bk&m;ocifu vufrcHedifawmhyg/
rdrdtaoG; oGef;vQifvnf;tjypfom;\taoG;onf roef h&Sif;yg?
xkd haMumifh vlonf tjypfuif; atmifrwwfedifyg/
ukokdvfaumif;rSkESifhywfoufí
vlonfbk&m;ocif u vufcHvm atmif
ukokdvfaumif;rSkukdtm;ukd; wwfonf/ q,fbkd hwbkd
hvSLjcif;? t vSLaiGxnfhjcif;? qif;&Jom;rsm;ukd rpjcif;?
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jyóem ajyvnfrnf[kxifwwfonf/ okd haomfusrf;pmu-
tuGsefyfwkd h&dS o rQ onfpifMu,fjcif; r&Sdyg/
jyKbl;orQaom ukokdvfaumif;rSk wkdUonf vnf;
npfaomt0wfESifhwlMuyg\-[k qkdxm;ygonf
(a[&Sm,64;6)/ vl\ ukokdvfonfvl\tjrifü aumif;aomfvnf;
bk&m;tjrifü npfaomt0wfESifh wlonf/ xkdrQru
ukokdvfaumif;rSkjzifh tjypf jyóemukd rajz&Sif;edifyg/
Oyrm vlowform;wOD;onf ukokdvf rnfrQyif jyKaomfvnf;
tjypfrajyedifyg/ vlowfrSktwGuf jypf'PffcH &rnfomjzpfonf/
ynwfawmfESifhywfoufí
vlonfynwfawmf vkdufavQmufjcif; tm;jzifhtjypfuif;rnf/
xm0&touf&rnf[k xifwwfonf/ okdUaomfvnf; usrf;pmu-
ynwfw&m; tvkH;pkH ukdapmifh
a&SmufonfwGifwpkHwckü rSm;,Gif; ygu
ynwftvkH;pkHukdvGefusL;aom t jypf&Sd\-
[kqkdygonf (,mukyf 2;10)/
vlonfynwfw&m;tvkH;pkHukdravQmufedifyg/ vkduf
avQmufrnf [kom ajymwwfMuonf/
vkdufavQmufBudK;pm;olrrsm;yg/ xkdrQomru ynwfawmf
rvkdufavQmufedifaomaMumifh
usdefjcif;ESifhaojcif;ukdom jzpfaponf (*vm 3;10? a&mr
&;11)/ xkdaMumifh vlonf ynwfw&m;ESifhywf oufí
bmrQrvkyfwwfyg/
'kwd,arG;bGm;jcif;ESifhywfoufí
vlonfyXrarG;bGm;aomtcgtm'H\om;orD;t
jzpfarG;bGm;onf/ yXrarG;bGm;jcif;onfrdcif0rf;xJrS
ukd,fcE¨mtm;jzifharG;bGm;onf/ xkdarG;bGm;jcif;yifvQif
rdrdvkyfaqmifcsufrygyg/ xkdrQomru ocifa,&Su-
'kwd,arG;bGm;jcif;rcHaomolrnfonfum;
bk&m;ocif\edifiHawmf
ukdrjrif&[kigtrSeftuefqkdonf[krdef hawmfrl\-(a,m?
3;3)/ yXrarG;bGm;jcif; rcHaomolonfþavmuxJokd
hra&muf&kHomru þavmuukdvnf; rjrifMuyg/ xkdUenf;wl
'kwd,arG;bGm;jcif; rcHaomolonf bk&m;ocif\
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ocifa,&Iu a&ESifh 0dnmOfawmftm;jzifh
arG;bGm;&rnf[k qkdonf/ rnfuJhokdU
a&ESifh0dnmOfawmftm;jzifh arG;bGm;&rnfenf;/
a&ESpfjcif; cHjcif;tm;jzifh arG;bGm;&rnfavm/
a&ESpfjcif;tm;jzifh jzpfvQif a&ESpfjcif; cHolwkdif;
bk&m;ocif\ EkdifiHawmfa&mufrnf/ okdUaomfa&ESpfjcif;
cHolwkdif; bk&m;ocif\ EkdifiHawmfa&mufrnfr[kwf/
0dnmOfawmftm;jzifh rnfokdU arG;&rnfenf;/ vltm;jzifh
rjzpfEkdifyg/ xkdUaMumifh 'kwd,arG;bGm;jcif;ESifh
ywfoufí bmrQrwwfEkdifyg/
xm0&toufESifh ywfoufí
vlonf xm0&touf&bkdUtusifhaumif;jcif;?
ynwfawmfvkduf avQmufjcif;? tvSLay;jcif;?
bmoma&;vkdufpm;jcif; ponfjzifh
trsdK;rsdK;BudK;pm;wwfMuonf/ okdUaomf xm0&toufonf
xkdt&mrsm;ür&Sd/ bk&m;ocifu xm0&toufukd
c&pfawmfü xnfhxm;onf/ xkdUaMumifh c&pfawmf&rSom
xm0&touf&Ekdifayrnf (1a,m?5;11-12) okdUjzpfvQif
c&pfawmf rygbJ rnfuJhokdU xm0&touf&Ekdifrnfenf;/ vlonf
xm0&touf&bkdU&ef rnfokdUrQ rvkyfwwfyg/
pmwefESifh ywfoufí
vlonfpmwef\ om;orD;jzpfonf/ ocifa,&Iu oifwkdUonf
oifwkdUtbwnf;[laom pmwefrm&fewfrS qif;oufMu\-
[k qkdonf (a,m?8;44)/ tbpmwefESifh rnfuJhodkU
tqufjzwfrnfenf;/ vltm;jzifh rnfokdUrQ rvkyfwwfyg/
tm'HESifh ywfoufí
vlom;wkdif; tm'HrS qif;oufMuonf/ xkdUaMumifh
tm'Henf;wl tjypfESifhusdefjcif;cH&onf/
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tqufjywfbkd hvkdonf/ xkdokdUtm'HESifhtquf jywfbkd
h&efrnfokdU vkyf&rnf enf;/ vltm;jzifh rwwffedifyg/
okd hjzpfvQifrnfokd hvkyf&rnfenf;
þar;cGef;onf vlwkdif; ar;oifhaom ar;cGef;jzpfonf/
ar;cGef; rar; olrsm;onf rdrdwkd h\tajctaeukd rod?
jyoemvnf;r&Sd? xkdUaMumifh aMumuf&rSef; vnf;
rodaomaMumifhvGwfvrf;ukdvnf;r&Sm? rdrdwdk htjypfü
ysufpD;rnfomjzpfonf/
þar;cGef;ukd £a&v vlrsKd;rsm;u wrefawmf
rsm;xHar;cJhbl;onf (wref2;3&)/ xkd£oa&v vlrsm;
taejzifhrdrdwkdUü bmrQ rvkdbk&m;zufü
pdwftm;BuD;íbkk&m;w&m;ESifhaeaomolrsm;
[líxifrSwfMuonf/ bk&m;zufü

pdwftm;BuD;aomaMumifh olwkd htjrifü ocifa,&Skukd


vrf;vGJOD;aqmifol[lí owfvkdufMuonf/ okd haomfrdrdwkd
hvkyfaqmifcsufrSm;,Gif;aMumif;ESifh
u,fwifjcif;ESifhtjypfvTwf jcif;tbkd htvkd
hiSgrwwfedifaMumif; od&SdvmMu aomtcg
wrefawmfrsm;xHtb,fokd hjyK&rnfenf;[kar;Muonf/
xkdar;cGef;ukdzdvyÜdjrdK
haxmifrSL;uvnf;&Sifaygvk ESifhodvwkdU hxHar;cJh
bl;onf/ aygvkESifhodvwkd honfaxmif
xJübk&m;ocifukdcsD;rGrf;Muaomtcg bk&m;ocif\wefcdk;
awmfaMumifhaxmifwHcg;rsm;yGifhukefonf/ xkdtcg
axmif om;rsm;xGufukefjyD[kxifrSwfojzifh axmifrSL;
onfukd,f ukd,fukdowfaobkdU MuHpnfonf/ okd haomf
aygvk ESifhodvwkd hu wm;Muonf/ xkdtcg axmifrSL; onf
aygvkESifh odvwkdU\ ajc&if;ü wkefvSkyfjywf 0yf av \/ ol
wkd hukd jyifokd hxkwfjyD;vQif- ocifwkd htuGsefyfonf
u,fwifjcif; okd h a&muftHh aomiSg tb,fokd
hjyK&rnfenf;[kar;avQmufav\-(wref 16;25-30)/
xkdokd haom ar;cGef;ar;olrsm;onf
ab;MuyfeHMuyfawG holrsm; vlY tykdif;ü tcuf tcJBuKHí
bmrSrvkyfwwfaom tajctaersKdK;rSom ar;avh &Sdonf/
rdwfaqG onfxkdar;cGef;ukd ar;jyDavm/ okd hr[kwf
ar;p&mr vkd[k xifoavm/
oifcef;pm (12) rS ar;cGef;rsm;
1/ vlonftjypfrvkyfbJaeedifygovm;/----------------------
2/ vlonfokp&kdufwnf;
[laomaumif;rSkvkyf&efvlrJonfbmvkyf
&rnfenf;/-----------------------
3/ vlonftjypf\ tcaojcif;ukday;qyf edifygovm;/ ---------------
4/ vl htjypfaq;aMum&efvlü oef
h&Sif;aomtaoG;&Sdygovm;/---------
5/

ukokdvfaumif;rSkonftjypfjyóemukdajz&Sif;edifygovm;/
------------
6/ ynwfw&m;onfrnfonfht&momjzpfapedifoenf;?
----------------
&/'kwd,arG;bGm;&efvlonfwwfedifygovm;/----------------------
----
8/

c&pfawmfrygbJxm0&touf&edifygovm;/----------------------
---
9/ pmwefESifhtm'H trsdK;rS rnfokdU
jywfEkdifrnfenf;/--------------------
10/ axmifrSL;u rnfokd
har;oenf;/-------------------------------------

oifcef;pm (13)
bk&m;ocif\ u,fwifjcif;
oifcef; pm (12)ü vl onf u,fwifjcif; ESifhywfouf í
rnfokdY rQrwwfedifaMumif;odcJ h&jyD/ okd haomfvlr wwf
edif aom t rSkrSm bk&m;ocif wwfedifawmfrl\ (r 19;23-
36)/ bk&m;ocifonfvlrwwfedifaom trSkukd c&pf
awmftm;jzifhajz&Sif;ay;aMumif;qufvufavhvmMupkd h/
usL;vGefaomtjypf
yXrOD;pGmbk&m;ocifu'kp&kduftjypfukdrnfuJhokd
hajz &Sif; ay; aMumif; ukd avhvmMu&atmif/
usL;vGefaomtjypfonftjypfom;u usL;vGefaom tjypfjzpfonf/
xkd tjypf onfbk&m;ocif\tjrifüomru vl htjrifüvnf;
tjypf&Sdonf/ xkd haMumifhusL;vGefaomtjypfonf
vlpdwfukdxdckdufaponf? usL;vGefaomtjypfjyKolonfrdrd
tjypfukdodojzifh bk&m;ocif\ aus;Zl;awmf ukdyifvuf
rcH&JavmufatmifpdwftaESmuf t&Sufay;edifonf/
xkdtjypfESifh uif;rSom bk&m;ocif\aus;Zl; awmf&Tifvef;
0rf;ajrmufedifrSmjzpfonf/
taoG;tm;jzifh
usL;vGefaom tjypfukdtaoG;tm;jzifh ajzvTwfedifonf/
usrf;pmu- oifwkd hjyKaomtjypfukd ajzapjcif;iSgxkd
taoG;ukd,Zfyv’ifay:rSm igay;jyD/
vltjypfukdajzaomt&mum;taoG;jzpfownf;-[kyg&Sdonf
(0wfjyK 1&;11)/ wzef - ynwfw&m;twkdif;
cyfodrf;aom&mwkd wkdUukd ukefrwwf taoG;
tm;jzifh pifMu,fapwwf\/ taoG;oGef;
avmif;jcif;r&SdbJ tjypfajzvTwfjcif;r&dS-[kqkdonf (a[?
9;22)/
bk&m;ocifuvl\tjypfukd taoG;tm;jzifhomajz
vTwfedifonf[k qkdonf/ okd hjzpfvQiftjypf ukdtaoG;tm;jzifh
rnfokd hajzvTwfrnfenf;/ þtaMumif;ukd odedif&ef
£a&vvlrsm;\tjypfajz&m ,ZfylaZmfjcif; taMumif;ukd
avhvmbkd hvkdonf/ wzef,ZfylaZmfjcif;em;vnf;edif&ef
wJawmf taMumif;ukdvnf;odxm;bkd hvkdonf/

wJawmf
wJawmftppfonfaumif;uifbkHYü&Sdonf/
bk&m;ocifonf arma&Stm; odemawmifay:üxkdaumif;uif
wJawmfukd jycJhonf/xkdaumif;uif
wJawmfESifhwlaomwJawmfukd ajrBuD;ay:ü
aqmufckdif;onf (xGufajrmuf?25;9)/
,ZfylaZmfjcif;rSeforQukd xkdwJawmfüjyKvkyf&onf/
wJawmfü ,ZfylaZmfenf;ukd em;vnfjcif;jzifh aumif;uifü
rnfuJhokdU ,ZfylaZmfonfukd em;vnfedifonf/ xkd
haMumifh,ZfylaZmfjcif;ESifh wJawmf taMumif;ukdodbkd
h&eftvGefta&;MuD;onf/
(1) wJawmf0if;tum
wJawmf0if; ukdydwfacsm jzifhumxm;í tvsm;
tawmifw&m? t eHtawmifig;q,f? tjrifh ig;awmif&Sdonf
(xGufajrmuf?2&;9)/ vlrsm; wJawmf0if;xJokd hr0ifedif&ef
umxm;aomt&mjzpfí ynwfawmfESifh wlonf/
(2) wJawmf0if;wHcg;
wJawmf0if;wHcg;onf ta&S hbufü&Sdítawmif
ESpfq,fus,fonf/ jymaom txnf? armif;aomtxnf ESifh
eDaomtxnfydwfacsmjzifh vkyfxm;onf (xGufajrmuf?
2&;15)/ wJawmfwHcg;0onfocifa,&Skukd ykHaqmifonf/
wJawmf0if;xJokd hwHcg;0tm;jzifhom 0ifedifouJhokd
haumif; uifwJawmfxJokd hc&pfawmfwnf;
[laomwHcg;tm;jzifhom 0ifedifonf/
(3) wJawmf
wJawmfonf0if;twGif;taemufzufuyfíaqmuf xm;onf?
tvsm; tawmifokH;q,f? teH tawmif wpfq,f&Sdonf/
(4) toef h&Sif;qkH;Xge
wJawmfukdESpfykdif;ykdif;ítwGif;buftcef;ukd toef
h&Sif;qkH;Xge [kac:onf/ xkdae&mü y#dnmOf
aowÅm&SdítxJü ynwfawmfq,fyg; a&;xm; aom
y#dnmOfausmufjym;ESpfcsyfxnfhxm;onf (xGuf? 26;33)/

(5) oef h&Sif;&mXme


wJawmf\tjyifbufcef;onf oef h&Sif;&mXge [k ac:onf/
tvsm; tawmifESpfq,f?teHq,fawmif&Sdonf/ xkdtcef;xJü eH
homaygif;arT; rD&SkdU&m ,Zf yv’if? a&TrDckH ESif h
a&S hawmfrkef hwifaom pm;yJGomvQif&Sdonf/ xkdtcef;
xJokd h,Zfyka,mf[dwfrsm;onf ae hwkdif; eHeufwpfcg
naewpfcg eHUomaygif; arT; rD&Skd hbkd h&efESifh
a&TrD;cGufrsm;ü oHvGif qDxnfhbkd h&ef0ifwwf onf
(xGuf 26;33)/
(6) ukvm;um
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oifcef;pm (13)rS ar;cGef;rsm;

1/

usL;vGefaomtjypfukdrnfonfht&mtm;jzifhajzvTwfedifoe
nf;/-------
2/ wJawmftaMumif;ukdtb,faMumifhodbkd
hvkdoenf;/------------------
3/ wJawmftppfonftb,frSm&Sdoenf;/-------------------------------
4/ wJawmftwGif;cef;ukd rnfokd
hac:oenf;/---------------------------
5/ toef h&Sif;qkH;Xgeü
rnfonfht&m&Sdoenf;/-------------------------
6/ oef h&Sif;&mXme&Sd
ypönf;rsm;ukdaz:jyyg/------------------------------
&/

ukvm;umonfrnfonfhae&mü&Sdoenf;/-------------------------
---
8/

aMu;0gtifwkHonfrnfonfhtwGufjzpfoenf;/---------------------
--
9/

aMu;0g,Zfyv’ifonfrnfonfht&mukdykHaqmifoenf;/---------
------
10/ ,Zfaumifrsm;ukdrnfonfhae&mwGifqufuyf&oenf;/------
---------

oifcef;pm (14)
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oifcef;pm (14) rSar;cGef;rsm;


1/

tjypfwifykdifvTwfykdifaomolonftb,folen;f?/--------------
--
2/

xm0&bk&m;utjypfukdrnfonfht&mtm;jzifhvTwfedifon
f [kqkdoenf;/
-----------------------------------------------------------------
3/ rdrdqE´twkdif;toufwmukdtokH;jyKjcif;onf------------
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4/

taoG;awmif;jcif;onftb,ft&mawmif;jcif;jzpfoenf;/--------
---------------------------------------------------------------
5/

tb,faMumifhtjypftwGuftoufawmif;oenf;/-------------------
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12/

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15/ bk&m;ocifu tjypfrwifonfomru ukd,fukd,fukd
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oifcef;pm (15)
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vl\ukd,fcE¨mESifh0dnmOftqufjywfaomtcg
ukd,fcE¨maoqkH;onf[kqkdonf/ rdwfaqGtxJü
0dnmOf&Sdao;aomaMumifh ukd,fcE¨mouf&Sif ao;onf/
(3) 'kwd,aojcif;?
r,kHMunfolrsm;ukd,fcE¨maoqkH;aomtcg olwkd h\
pdwf0dnmOfxm0&rD;tkdifxJokd ha&mufoGm;jcif;ukd
'kwd,aojcif;[kac:onf/
xkdaojcif;rsm;ukdvlwkdif;rvGJraoG
&ifqkdif&rSmjzpfonf/ odk haomf bk&m;ocif\
aus;Zl;awmfaMumifhigwkd hukd,fpm;om;awmfa,&Skukd
taocH aponf/ xkdokd hjzifh
vlonfaojcif;rSvGwfajrmufedifonf/ c&pfawmfonf
vuf0g;uyfwdkifrSm taocHaomtcg aojcif;tm;vkH;twGuf
cHjyD;jzpfonf/ 0dnmOfykdif;qkdif&maojcif;twGuf igwkd
hukd,fpm;tbcrnf;awmfESifh tqufjywfcJhonf/ xkd
haMumifh- tuGsefyfbk&m;tb,fhaMumifhtuGsefyfukd
pGef hypfawmfrloenf; - [katmfcJhonf (róJ?2&;46)/ xkd
okd hc&pfawmft aocHcJhaomaMumifhigwkd
honfbk&m;ocifESifhjyefvnfquf&aomtcGifh &MujyD/

c&pfawmfukd,fcE¨mtm;jzifhtaocHcJhaomaMumifhigwkd
h\ukd,f
cE¨monftema&m*grsm;jidrf;&aomtcGifhESifhukd,fcE¨m
xm0&ysufpD; jcif;rSuif;vGwfaponf/
igwkdh\ukd,fcE¨monfaocJhonf &Sdaomfc&pfawmf
MuGvmaomtcg
rykyfysufwwfaomukd,fcE¨mjzifhjyefxvmrnfjzpfonf/
c&pfawmf<uvmaomtcg touf&Sifao;cJhaomf raoawmhbJ
t&Sif vwfvwfcsDaqmifjcif; cH&rSmjzpfonf (1 aum?15;51-
55?1 ouf 4;13-1&) c&pfawmftaocHjcif;aMumifh
'kwd,aojcif;wnf;[laom xm0& rD;tkdifrS
vnf;vGwfajrmufoGm;jyDjzpfonf/
okdUaomfþt&mrsm;udkcHpm;edif&ef
,kHMunfjcif;&dSbkd hvkdonf/
oifcef;pm (16) rSar;cGef;rsm;

1/ £oa&vrsm;\tjypfrnfonfhtay:wifoenf;----------------
2/ rnfoluwifoenf;/--------------------------------------------
3/ vlom;tm;vkH;\tjypfrnfol htay:wifoenf;/----------------
4/ rnfoluwifoenf;/--------------------------------------------
5/ igwkd h\tjypfrnfrQwifoenf;/----------------------------------
6/

rdwfaqGütjypf&Sdygao;ovm;/--------------------------------
---
&/ ynwfawmfusdefjcif;rSrnfokd
hvGwfedifoenf;/--------------------
8/

rdwfaqGusdefjcif;rSvGwfajrmufjyDavm/------------------
----------
9/

rdwfaqGbk&m;ocifESifhjyefqufcGifh&jyDavm/----------
-------------
10/ c&pfawmfMuGvmvQifrnfuJhokd
hjzpfrnfenf;/----------------------

oifcef;pm (1&)
vla[mif;aojcif;
usL;vGefaomtjypfukd c&pfawmf\
taoG;awmftm;jzifhaq;aMum ajzvTwfjcif;ukd oifcef;pm
(14)ü oifcJ h&jyD/ taoG;awmf\ vkyfaqmifcsuf rsm;ukd
oifcef;pm (15) ukd,fpm;cHjcif; ukd oifcef;pm (16)ü4if;
oifcJh&jyD/ ,ck tjypfjyKvkyfol vla[mif;taMumif;
avhvmbkd hjzpfonf/
tjypfyGm;rsm;vQifaus;Zl;awmfMuG,f0
usrf;pmü- tjypfyGg;rsm;onfht&mrSm
aus;Zl;awmfomí <u,f0\ -[kqkdonf (a&m? 5;20)/
qkdvkdonfrSm tjypfrsm;avav aus;Zl;awmfcHpm;avav
jzpfonf/ okd hjzpfvQif aus;Zl;awmfrsm;rsm;cHpm;bkdU
&eftjypfrsm;rsm; vkyf&rnfavm[k ar;p&m&Sdvmonf/
xkdaMumifhusrf;pm u- xkdokd hrSefvQiftb,fokd
hjyK&rnfenf;/ aus;Zl;awmf yGm;rsm;
apjcif;iSgtjypfw&m;ukdusifhíe&rnfavm/
xkdokdUrae&/ tjypf w&m;
pkawhaomolonfxkdw&m; tb,fokd
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tjypfw&m;\aojcif;taMumif;ukd avhvmMupkd h/
tvif;EkdifiHü
bk&m;ocifonf tm'Htm; tvif;edifiHüxm;cJhonf/
tvif;EkdifiH qkdonfrSmtjypfuif;rJhaomae&m
bk&m;ociftkyfpkd;aomEkdifiHukdqkdvkdonf/
tarSmifedifiHokd h
tm'Honfbk&m;ocif\ pum;ukdem;raxmifaom tm;jzifh
tvif; EkddifiHrStarSmifedifiHokd hul;ajymif;oGm;onf/
tarSmifEkdifiHqkdonfrSm bk&m; ocif
rtkyfpkd;aomae&m þavmuukd qkdvkdonf/
tjypfuGsefcH
tarSmifedifiH\ocifonf tjypfjzpfonf/ c&pfawmfu-
'kp&kduf tjypfjyKorQaomolwkdUonf
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tm'Honfbk&m; pum;em;raxmifaomaMumifh tarSmif
EkdifiH\ tjypf uGsefjzpfonf/

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e,fajrxJrSm tjypf\ uGsefcHae&aomolwkd hukd u,fwif
jcif;iSmwwfpGrf;Ekdifonf/
c&pfawmfü
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a&muf&Sdvmonf/ xkd haMumifhaojcif;jzifh om
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jzifha&mufvmíao jcif;jzifhjyefxGuf&onf/xkd
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haMumifhbk&m;ocifuvlukd c&pfawmftxJüxnfhvkdufonf (1
aum 1;30) / xkdokd hbk&m;
ocifuvlukdc&pfawmftxJüxnfhjcif;ukd
,kHMunfjcif;tm;jzifhvufcHbkd hvkdonf/
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htMuH&Sdonf/
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pmü- igwkdY\vla[mif;onf xkdocifESifhtwlvuf0g;uyf
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vla[mif;onf tjypfuGsefcH&mrSc&pfawmfESifhtwl
taocHaom tcgtjypf\uGsefrSvGwfajrmufoGm;onf/
taMumif;rlum; aoaom olonf tjypfw&m;\ vufrSvGwf
vsuf&Sd\ (a&m 6;&)/ vlaoukd rnfolrQ rapckdif;Ekdifacs/
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uGsefrS4if; tarSmife,fajrrS 4if;xGufajrmufvmonf/
bk&m;tjrifESifhvl\tjrif
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cHonf/okdUaomf bk&m;ocif\&nf&G,fcsufrSm
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xkd h aMumifhvla[mif;ukdc&pfawmft xJüxnfhvsuf
c&pfawmfESifh twltaocHaponf/ xkd haMumifhbk&m;tjrifü
vuf0g;uyfwkdifay:wGif vla[mif;aoaeonf/
,kHMunfjcif;jzifhvufcH
rdwfaqGtaejzifh
c&pfawmfESifhtaocHjcif;ukdvufcHbkd h&ef cuf
aeayvdrfhrnf/ okd haomf bk&m; ocif\vkyf
aqmifcsufukd ,kHMunfjcif; tm;jzifhvufcHbkd hvkdonf/
&Sifaygvkonfvnf; c&pfawmftaocHaomtcg
,kHMunfolr[kwfao;/ okd haomfaemufykdif;
üþokdYh0efcHonf -igonf
c&pfawmfESifhtwlvuf0g;uyfwkdifütaocHjyD -[lí
(*vm 2;20)/
jrKyfESH
vlonfaooGm;aomtcgocFsKdif;xJüjrKyfESH&onf/
xkdenf;wl c&pfawmfESifhtwl aoaom vla[mif;ukdvnf;
c&pfawmfESifhtwljrKyfESHjcif; cH&onf/
jrKyfESHjcif;ukdAwÅdZH[k ac:onf/ &Sifaygvku-
taocHawmf rljcif;üAwÅdZHukdcHaom tm; jzifhxkd
ocif ESifh twloj*FKdvfjcif;ukd cH&Mu\- [kqkdonf
(a&mr 6;4)/xkd haMumifhrdwfaqGonfc&pfawmf
ESifhtwloj*FKdvfjcif;ukdcH&onf/rdwfaqG\vla[mif;onf
vuf0g;uyfwkdifü taocHíocFsKdif;ü tqkH;owfonf/xkd
haMumifhrdwfaqGonf tjypfuGsefrS vGwfajrmufcJhjyD/
&Sifjyefxajrmufjcif;
ocifa,&Skonfaojcif;rS&SifjyefxajrmufcJhonf/
xkdenf;wligwkdU vnf; topfaomtoufwmjzifh &Sifjyefx
ajrmufMu jyD/ usrf;pmu -c&pfawmfonf crnf;awmf\
bkef;wefckd;tm;jzifhaojcif;rS &Sifjyef xajrmuf
awmfrlonfhenf;wl? igwkdYvnf;topfaom touf
wmüusifvnfMu & o wnf;-[kqkd onf (a&m 6;4)/
wzefusrf;pm u- AwÅdZHtm;jzifhxkdocifESifh
twloj*FKdvfjcif;ukdcHMu\/c&pf
awmfukdaojcif;rSxajrmufapawmfrlaom
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,kHMunfaomtm;jzifhAwÅdZHukd cHí
xkdocifESifhtwlxajrmufjcif;okd ha&mufMu\- (aum
2;12)/ xkd haMumifhrdwfaqGonfxajrmufjyD/
topfaomtoufwmjzifh
xkd okd h&Sifjyef xajrmuf aom tcg vla[mif; xajrmuf
onfr[kwf/ topfaom toufwm vlopf x ajrmufonf/usrf;pmü-
tcsif;vlrkduf oifpkduf aom rsKd;
aphrysufvQifr&Sifwwf/xkdrSwyg;rsKd;aphukd
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aompyg;jzpfap taphoufoufukd pkdufwwf\/ bk&m;
ocifonf tvkdawmf&Sdonfhtwkdif; ukd,fukd
ay;awmfrl\ (1 aum 15;36-38)/ qkdvkdonfrSm
pkdufaomtaph ESifhayguf vm aom tyifonf ykHo@mefjcif;
rwlnD/ pyg;aph onfacsmufí aoaomvu©Pm
&Sd\/aygufvmaomtyifonf pdrf;pkdítouf&Sifaom
vu©Pm&Sd\/ xkdUenf; wlc&pfawmfeSifhtwlaoaom
vla[mif;ESifh&Sifjyefxajrmufaomvlopf onfrwlawmhyg/
vlrnf onfum; c&pfawmfü&SdvQif t opf
aomowÅ0g jzpf\/ a[mif;aom t&m wkd honf
ukefvGefí cyfodrf;aom t&mwkdh
onftopfjzpfMujyD (2 aum 5;1&)/ xkdokd
hc&pfawmfütopfjzpfaom arG;bGm; vm aom olukd
'kwd,arG;bGm;ol [kac:onf/ rsm;aomtm; jzifh 'kwd,arG;
bGm; jcif; born again onft usifh ajymif;vJjcif; okdr[kwf
pdwfvSkyf&Sm;jcif;ukdqkdvkdwwfMuonf/ xkdUaMumifh
tusifhtvGef aumif; vQif4if;?bk&m;w&m;tvGefMudK;pm;
vQif4if;tvGef born jzpfonf[kqkd wwf Muonf/ cav;arG;bGm;
aom tcgt vGefarG;onf[k r&Sdbl;yg/ tusifh ajymif;vJjcif;
jzifh born EkdifvQif c&pfawmfMuGvmjyD;tao
cHp&mrvkdyg/ xkdhaMumifh born again
onfvltm;jzifhr[kwfbk&m;ocifuom;awmftm;jzifh
vkyfaqmifaom t&mjzpfonf/xkd haMumifhrnfolrQ born again
rjzpfedif aomol r&Sd/rodjcif; aMumifhomvQif born again
rjzpfedifjcif;jzpfonf/ Born again jzpf&ef vkyfaqmifp&mr&Sd/
,kHMunfjcif;jzifh vufcHbkd homvQiffrdwfaqG\ wm0ef
jzpfonf/

oifcef;pm (1&)rSar;cGef;rsm;

1/ tjypfyGm;rsm;vQif----------------omí MuG,f0onf/
2/ tm'H onftarSmifEkdifiHokd hrnfokd
ha&mufoenf;/----------------
3/ tarSmife,fajrokdhoifrnfokd ha&mufoenf;-------------------
4/ tarSmife,f\ocifonf------------------jzpfonf/
5/ rdwfaqGukdrnfoltxJüxnfhoenf;/-------------------
6/ c&pfawmfESifhtwlaojyDavm/-----------------------
&/jrKyfESHjcif;ukdrnfokd hac:oenf;/----------------------
8/ oifonfc&pfawmfESifhtwlxajrmufjyDavm/-------------------
9/ xajrmufaomtcgvl---------------------jzpfonf/
10/
'kwd,arG;bGm;jcif;onftusifhajymif;vJjcif;jzpfoavm/--------
-----

oifcef;pm (18)
c&pfawmfaMumifhcHpm;&aomt&mrsm;

igwkd honfc&pfawmfESifhtwl&Sifjyefxajrmufvm
aomtcgatmufyg tusKd;rsm;ukdcHpm;&Muonf/
'kwd,tMudrfarG;bGm;jyD
ocifa,&Sku- 'kwd,arG;bGm;jcif;ukd rcHaom ol
rnfonf um; bk&m;ocif\edifiHawmfukd
rjrif&[kqkdonf (a,m 3;3)/ okdhjzpfvQifrnfuJhokd
h'kwd,tMudrf arG;bGm;&rnfenf;/ ocifa,&Sku-a&
ESifh0dnmOfawmftm;jzifharG;bGm;&rnf- [kqkdonf
(a,m?3;5)? a&[kqkdaomaMumifh tcsKd haomolrsm;u
a&ESpfjcif;tm;jzifh'kwd, tMudrfarG; bGm; jyD [k,lqMuonf/
okd haomf a&ESpfjcif;jzifh 'kwd,t Muddrf rarG;bGm;
edifyg/ arG;bGm;edifvQifc&pfawmfþ avmuokdU
MuGvmp&mrvdk/
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jzpfí tjypfom;jzpfonf/ xkdyXrarG;bGm;jcif;jzifh
aumif;uifokd h r0ifedifyg/
'kwd,jyefrarG;vQifbk&m;ocif\edifiHawmfukd
r0if&onfomru jrifvnf; rjrif&yg/ 'kwd,arG;bGm;bkd h
&efa&ESpfjcif;? tusifhajymif;vJjcif;? bk&m;w&m;
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bk&m;ocifonf vla[mif;tm'HtrsKd;ukd
c&pfawmfESifhtwlvuf0g; uyfwkdifü &kdufowfvkdufonf/
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xkdokd h xajrmufvmaomtcg vla[mif;r[kwfawmhbJ
vlopfjzifh xajrmufaponf/ xkdokd hvlopfjzpfbkd h&ef
vlrwwfedifyg/ bk&m;ocif\ wefckd;tm;jzifhjzpfonf (2 aum?
5;1&)/ xkd okd hvlopftjzpfokd ha&muf&Sdjcif; onfom vQif
'kwd, arG; bGm;jcif;jzpfonf/
om;awmfedifiHokd ha&mufjyD
,cifvla[mif;b0wGif tarSmife,fajrüae&onf/
xkdtarSmife,f xJrS xGufwwfaomfvnf;bk&m;
ocifonfc&pfawmftm;jzifh igwkdUukd qJGEIwf vkdufonf/
usrf;pmü- arSmifrkdufwefckd;rSvnf;igwkd
hukdESkwfí cspfawmf rlaomom;awmf\ edifiHxJokd
hoGif; awmf rl\- [kqkdonf (aum?1;13)/ xkd
haMumifhrdwfaqGonf arSmifrkdufwefckd;ü
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a,&Skc&pftm;jzifh igwkdUukd xajrmufapí
aumif;uift&yfü ae&may;awmfrljyD- [kqkd jyefonf
({zuf ?2;6)/ xkd haMumifhrdwfaqGonf ,m,DwJjzpfaom
rdwfaqG\ ajrtdrf (ukd,fcE¨m) ysufvQif aumif;uifbkHü vl
hvufjzifhrvkyfbJ bk&m;ocifjyifqif awmf rl aom
edpöxm0&aetdrf&SdjyD (2 aum 5;1)/
rdwfaqGonfaumif;uifü ae&mrJhjzpfrnf
r[kwfaomaMumifhþavmuukdrpJGvef;oifh/ þavm
aumif;uif ukd,fpm;vS,ftjzpfaeoifhonf/
xm0&touf&jyD
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cyfjcif;ukdcH&jyD({ 1;13)? oef h&Sif; aom
0dnmOfawmf\wHqdyfcwfjcif;ukd cH&vQifc&pf
awmfukd&&SdjyD/ c&pfawmfukd &&SdaomaMumifh
xm0&touf ukdvnf;&&SdjyD/ xkdokd h& &SdaMumif;ukd
rdwfaqGukd,fwkdifem; vnfbkd hvkdonf (1a,m ?5;11-13)/
bk&m;om;jzpfjyD
rdwfaqGonfyXrarG;bGm;aomtcgpmwefom;jzpfcJhonf
(a,m 8;44)/ okd haomfa,&Skc&pfukdvufcHcsdefrSpí
bk&m;om;jzpf&aomtcGifhukd&jyD (a,m 1;12)/ xkd
haMumifhigwkdUonfbk&m;om;jzpf&Muonf[k
0dnmOf awmfonfig wkd h\0dnmOfESifhtwloufaocH
awmfrl\ (a&m 8;16)/om;jzpfaomaMumifhvnf;tarG; pm;
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bk&m;vufxJü
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oifwkdUonf aoaomoljzpfíoifwkd h\toufonf
c&pfawmfESifhtwl bk&m; ocifü0Sufxm;vsuf&Sd\-
[kqkd onf (aum?3;3)/ xkd haMumifh rdwfaqG\ toufukd
pmwefonf rxdckdufedifawmhacs/ xkdUtjyifc&pfawmfu-
ighokd;wkdUonf igpum;oHukdem;axmifí ig
haemufokd hvkdufMu\/ xkdokd;wkdU ukd igod\/
xm0&toufukdvnf;igay;\/ xkdokd;wkdonf
ysufpD;jcif;ESifhtpOfrjywf uif;vGwfMuvdrfhrnf/
tb,folrQ xkdokd; wkdUukd ighvufrSrESkwfr,l&m/
xkdokd;wkd hukdighvufü tyfay; awmfrl aom
ighcrnf;awmfonf cyfodrf;aomolwkdUxuf MuD; jrwf
awmfrl onf jzpfí tb,fol rQxkdokd;wkd
hukdighcrnf;awmf\vufrS rESkwf r,l&m- [kqkdonf
(a,m 10;2&-29)/
,ckrdwfaqGonf c&pfawmf\okd;jzpfaomaMumifh
xm0& touf &SifjyD? ysufpD;jcif;ESifhvnf; tpOf
uif;vGwfaomoljzpfonf/ ysufpD;jcif; qkdonfrSm
i&JoGm;jcif;ukd qkdvkdonf/ rdwfaqGonf crnf;awmfESifh
c&pfawmf\ vuf xJü &dSaomaMumifh
pmwefonfrdwfaqGukd rxdckduf rpJGESkwf edifawmhacs/
okd haomftjypfjyKvkyfbkdU&ef
aoG;aqmifedifao;aomaMumifh owdxm;&rnf/
ajzmifhrwfoljzpfjyD
ynwfw&m;tm;jzifhr&edifaomajzmifhrwfjcif;ukdrdwfa
qGonf&&SdjyDjzpfonf/ ajzmifhrwfjcif;ukd bk&m;ocifuom
ay;ykdifonf/ usrf;pmu
-ajzmifhrwf&muwnfapaomolum; bk&m;ocifaywnf;-
[kqkdonf (a&m?8;33)/ bk&m;ocifonf
c&pfawmf\taoG;tm;jzifh rdwfaqGukd ajzmifhrwfapjyD/
usrf;pmü ,ckwGif taoG;awmftm;jzifh ajzmifh rwf&m
okd ha&mufjyD- [kqkdonf (a&m?5;9)/
xkdajzmifhrwfjcif;onf vl htjrifü r[kwf/ bk&m;tjrifüjzpfonf/
usrf;pmubk&m;ocifonf tjypfESifh uif;pifaomolukd
igwkdUtwGufaMumifhtjypf&Sdaomoljzpfap
awmfrl\/ taMumif;rlum; igwkd honfxkdoltm; jzifh
bk&m;ocifa&SU awmfüajzmifhrwf aomol
jzpfrnfhtaMumif;wnf; -[kqkd onf (2 aum 5;21)/ xkd
haMumifh rdwfaqGonf bk&m;t jrifü ajzmifhrwfjyD/ xkd
haMumifh ajzmifhrwfaomoluJhokdU touf&Sifbkd
hvdkvmonf/
bk&m;ocif\ taygif;toif;jzpfjyD
,cifb0ü rdwfaqGonf bk&m;ocifESifhbmrQrqkdif/
xkdrQomru bk&m;ocif\ &efoljzpfcJhonf/ okdUaomf
,ckwGif arSmifrkdufxJ rS
tHhbG,faomtvif;awmfokdU ac:oGif;awmfrlaom
ol\*kPf aus;Zl; awmfrsm;ukd az:jyapjcif;iSg
a&G;cs,fawmfrlaom trsKd; jzpfjyD/ rif;pnf; pdrf
&Sdaom,Zfyka&m[dwfrsKd;? oef h&Sif;aomvlrsKd;
ykdifxkduf awmfrlaom taygif;toif;jzpfjyD/ txuf
utaygif; toif; r[kwf/ ,ckwGifbk&m;ocif\
taygif;toif;jzpfjyD/ *kPfaus;Zl; awmf
ukdtxufurcH&aomfvnf; ,ckwGifcH&jyD(1 ay 2;9-10)/
rdwfaqGonf ,Zfyka&m[dwfrsKd;jzpf aomaMumifh
rif;pnf; pdrfcHpm;cGifh &Sdonfomru ukd,fwkdifqkawmif;
edifonf/ bk&m;ocif\taygif;toif; jzpfaomaMumifh
bk&m;ocifESifhtpOfrjywfrdó[m&zJG hedifonf/
aus;Zl;awmf cHpm;aomolvnf;jzpfjyD/

oifcef;pm (18) rSar;cGef;rsm;


1/ yXrarG;bGm;jcif;onf---------------rSarG;bGm;jcif;jzpfonf/
2/ 'kwd,arG;bGm;jcif;onfc&pfawmfESifhtwl---------
aomtcgjzpfonf/
3/ rdwfaqGukd
----------wefckd;rSESkwfícspfawmfrlaom----------\edifiHok
dh ykdhaqmifjyD/
4/ rdwfaqGonfavmu\-------------ukd,fpm;vS,f jzpfonf/
5/ rdwfaqGonf---------------\ wHqdyfcyfjcif;cH&jyD/
6/

rdwfaqGonfocifa,&Skukd,kHMunfaomaMumifhbk&m;oc
if\ ----------------------jzpfjyD/
&/rdwfaqGonfc&pfawmf\----------xJü&SdaomaMumifh
pmwefonf rdwfaqGukd r-------------------ckdufedifacs/
8/ rdwfaqGonfbk&m;ocif\tjrifü------------------jyD/
9/ rdwfaqGonfrif;pnf;pdrf&Sdaom---------------------jzpfjyD/
10/ rdwfaqGonf---------------\ taygif;toif;jzpfjyD/

oifcef;pm (19)
u,fwifjcif;pdwfcsrSk
u,fwifjcif;onf tptqkH; bk&m;ocifu vkyfaqmifoGm;jcif;
jzpfonf/ crnf;awmf bk&m;ocifuuGsefyf wkd
hukdom;awmftm;jzifh u,fwif bkd hurÇmrwnf r&SdrSDuyif
MuHpnfjyD;jzpfonf (1 ay? 1;20)/ om;awmf bk&m;uvl h
ZmwdcH,lí taocHjcif;ESifh &Sifjyefxajrmufjcif;tm;jzifh
jynfh pkHapcJhjyD/ oef h&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmf bk&m;u
ESkwfuywfawmfukd tokH;jyKí xdkt&mrsm;ukd
em;vnfoabmygufaponf/ uGsefyfwkd hu,kHMunfjcif;
wckwnf;jzifhvuf cH&,lonf/ uGsefyfwkd
h\vkyfaqmifcsufwckrQ r&Sd/
ESkwfuywfawmftm;jzifh
bk&m;ocifuuGsefyfwkd hukdu,fwifaMumif;/
tjypfvTwfaMumif;/ xm0& toufay; aMumif;/ vufcHaMumif;
rsm;ukdrnfuJhokd hodedifrnfenf;? "r®a[mif;acwf\
bk&m;ocifukd vlvlcsif;pum;ajymouJhokd har;jref; edifonf/
om;awmfvufxufü rsufESmcsif;qkdif
ajymqkdar;jref;edifonf/ okdUaomf ,ckoef
h&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmfacwfü EIwfuywfawmftm;jzifh
bk&m;\ vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;ukd od edifonf/ xkd
haMumifhESkwfuywfawmfukd zwf&Skavhvmbkd
hvkdonf/
ESkwfuywfawmfurnfokd hqkdoenf;
vlvlcsif; pma&; Muaomt cg wa,mufESifh wa,muf
pmxJüa&; xm;onfh twkdif;,kHMunf wwfMuonf/
xkdenf;wlbk&m;ocif\ uwdawmf rsm;ukdusrf;pmxJü
a&;xm;onfhtwkdif; pdwfcs ,kHMunfedifonf/ tcsKd h aom
olrsm;onf usrf;pmtay:ü ,kHMunfrSktjynfht0 r&Sdaomtcg
tjcm;aom enf;tm;jzifh ,kHMunfbkd h&Sm wwfMu onf/
cHpm;rSk&Sdbkd h&efaomf4if;? edrdwf
vu©Pmtm;jzifh4if;? ,kHMunfbkd h&Smaomtcg
pmwef\vSnfhuGufxJrSm a&muf oGm;wwfonf/
bk&m;ocifukd,kHMunfedif&ef-,k'vlwkd h onfedrdwf
vu©Pmukdawmif;wwfMu\/ a[vovl (*&dwfvl)wkd
honf ynmukd &SmwwfMu\? igwkdhrlum;
vuf0g;uyfwkdifrSm taocHawmfrlaom c&pfawmf\
taMumif;t&mukda[majymMu\(1?aum 1;22-23)/
tjypfpD&ifjcif;rcH&
tjypfESifhywfoufíocifa,&Skþokd hqkdcJhonf-
avmuDom;wkdU tm; tjypfpD&ifjcif;iSg
bk&m;ocifonfom;awmfukd þavmuodkU
apvTwfawmfrlonfr[kwf/ avmuDom;wkd
honfukd,fawmftm;jzifh u,fwifjcif;okd
ha&mufrnfhtaMumif;apvTwfawmfrl\/om;awmfukd ,
kHMunfaomolonf tjypfpD&ifjcif;ukdrcH& (a,m?
3;1&-18)/ usrf;pm u om;awmf ukd,kkHMunfaomolonf
tjypfpD&ifjcif;ukd rcH&[k qkdxm;&m uGsefyfwkd
honfom;awmfukd ,kHMunfaomaMumifh
tjypfpD&ifjcif;ukdrcH&[k ,kHMunfpdwfcsedifonf/
bk&m;ocifonf rkom rajymwwf yg/ vlajymaom
pum;ukd ,kH&vQif bk&m;ocif ajymaompum;onf
omí,kHbG,f &mtaMumif;&Sd\/ (1 a,m?5;9)/
uGsefyfwkd hukdvufcHonf
vlom;rsm;onfukd,fxHokdUvmaomolukd wcgw&H
ESifxkwfwwf Muonf/ okdUaomf ocifa,&Sku - ighxHokd
hvmaomolukd igonf tvQif; ry,f- [kuwdjyKxm;ygonf
(a,m 6;3&)/ rdwfaqGonf ocifa,&SkxHoUkd
trSefwu,fvmvQif olonfoifhukd vufcHonf[k pdwfcsedifonf/
olukd,fwkdifESkwftm;jzifh rajymawmhaomfvnf;
ol\ESkwfuywfawmf usrf;pmtm;jzifh rdwfaqGukd
vufcHaMumif;odedifonf/
xm0&touf&jyD
xm0&toufqkdonfrSm bk&m;ocifESifhtwl
aumif;uifbkHü aejcif;ukdqkdvkdonf/ vl\0dnmOfonf
i&JrD;tkdifxJüvnf; xm0&touf&Sif &rSm jzpfonf/ xkdokdU
i&JrD;tkdifü xm0&touf&Sifjcif;ukd aojcif; (okd h) 'kwd,
aojcif;[kac:onf (Asm?20;14)/
ocifa,&Sku -om;awmfudk,kHMunfaomol t
aygif;wkd honf ysufpD;jcif;okd hra&muf xm0&
toufukd&rnfh taMumif;wnf;- [kqkdonf (a,m?3;15)/
AwådZHa,m[efuvnf; - om;awmf ukd,kHMunfaomolonf
xm0&toufukd&\/ om;awmfukd y,f aomolrlum;
xm0&toufukdrawG h&/ xkdol\tay:übk&m; ocif\
trsufawmfwnfaeonf [ka[mav\- (a,m? 3;36)/

,ck rdwfaqGonf om;awmfukd ,kHMunfaomaMumifh xm0&


touf&jyD[k ESkwfuywfawmft& pdwfcs edifonf/
xm0&toufonf aojyD;rS &rnfht&mr[kwf/ ,cktouf&SifpOfyif
&rnfht&mjzpfonf/ xkdtouf&&ef jynfhpkHrS tjypfruif;rS
r[kwf/ om;awmfukd,kHMunfvQif &edifonf/ xkd
haMumifhESkwfuywfawmfukd pdwfcs bkdUvkd onf/
oef h&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmf&&SdjyD
rdwfaqGonf ocifa,&Skukd ,kHMunfvufcHaomtcg oef
h&Sif;aom 0dnmOfawmfukdvnf; &&SdjyDjzpfonf/
usrf;pmü-oifwkd honf u,fwifjcif; taMumif;ESifh
,SOfaom {0Ha*vdw&m; wnf;[laom or®mw&m;ukd
Mum;emí xkdc&pfawmfukd ,kHMunfjyD;rS
uwdawmfESifh ,SOfaom oefU&Sif;aom
0dnmOfawmf\ wHqdyfcyfjcif;ukdcH&jyD({zuf?1;13)/
xkdoefh&Sif; aom0dnmOfawmfonf
a&G;ESkwfjcif;aeU&ufwkdifatmif wHqdyf cyfxm;
onf ({zuf? 4;30)/ xkd haMumifhrdwfaqGonf oef
h&Sif;aom 0dnmOfawmf (okd h)c&pf awmf\
0dnmOfukd&&Sdxm;aomoljzpfonf/ oefU&Sif;aom
0dnmOfawmfESifh c&pfawmf\ 0dnmOfonf
twlwlyifjzpfonf/
oifcef;pm (19) ar;cGef;rsm;
1/ u,fwifjcif;onf tptqkH; -------------uvkyfaqmifoGm;onf/
2/ u,fwifjcif;vkyfief;ukd ----------uMuHpnfí----------
ujynfhpkHaponf/
3/ oef h&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmfacwfübk&m;ocifukd
------------------tm;jzifh ajymqkdedifonf/
4/ bk&m;ocif\uwdawmfrsm;ukd----------------ü
a&;xm;onfhtwkdif; pdwfcsedifonf/
5/ bk&m;ocifukdk,kHMunfbkd h&ef
edrdwfvu©Pmvkdygovm;/--------------
6/ om;awmfukd,kHMunfaomolonf tjypfpD&ifjcif;
cH&ygrnfavm/
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
&/rdwfaqGukd ocifa,&SkuvufcHaMumif; rnfokd hodedifoenf;?
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8/ om;awmfukd,kHMunfaomolonf------------------------ukd&\/
9/ rdwfaqGonfoef h&Sif;aom 0dnmOfawmfukd &&SdjyDavm?
rnfuJhokd hodedif oenf;/ --------------------------------------------
10/xm0&toufonf,ck&edifoavm/aojyD;rS&&rnfavm/
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
oifcef;pm (20)
c&pf,mefESpfrsKd;
,kHMunfcgp c&pf,mefwkdif; rSm;wwfaom
t&mwck&Sdonf/ xkdt&mrSm
c&pfawmfukd,kHMunfaomol onf tjypfrvkyf&/ xkdrQru
tjypf rvkyfedif[kxifrSwfjcif;yif jzpfonf/ tu,fí,kHMunfol
wa,muf tjypfjyefvkyfvQif xm0&touf
jyefvnfqkH;&SkH;rnf[kxifrSwf wwfonf/ trSefrSm
xm0&toufonf tjypfuif;aomaMumifh4if;/ bk&m;ocif\
tvdkawmftwkdif; aeedifaom aMumifhaomf4if;?&onfr[kwf?
bk&m;ocif\ aus;Zl;awmfoufouf
aMumifh&&SdonfjzpfíjyefvnfrqkH;&SH;edifacs/
tu,fítjypfvkyfwkdif; xm0&touf qkH;&SkH;vQif xm0&
touf r[kwfawmhacs/ xm0&toufonf wqufwnf;jzpfí
wcg&&SdvQif xm0&wnfwef honf/ okd hr[kwfbJ
tjypfvkyfaomtcg xm0& touf qkH;&IH;í
jyefvnfaemifw&aomtcgwkdif;jyef&&SdedifvQifxm0&touf
r[kwf/ jywfawmif;jywfawmif; toufwmjzpfrnf/
bk&m;ocifu ,kHMunf olukd xm0&toufay;aom
tcgxkdufwefíay;onf r[kwf/ oem; aom tm;jzifhom
ay;onfukdodxm;bkd hvkdonf ({zuf?2;8-9)/
xkdrQomru
,kHMunfolrsm;onftjypfvkyfedifao;aMumif; &Sifa,m[efu
þokd ha&;om;xm;onf-ukd,ft jypfr&Sd[kigwkd
honfqkd vQif
ukd,fukdukd,fvSnfhzsm;Mu\/'kp&kdufrjyKjyD[k
igwkd honfqkdvQif bk&m;ocifukd rkomt
jypfwifMu\/ ESkwfuywfawmfvnf; igwkdUü r&Sd- (1
a,m?1;8? 10)/ trSefrSm ,kHMunfoltjypfvkyfvQif
zsm;emjcif;jzpfonf/ ukd,fcE¨mzsm;emaomtcg toufukef
qkH;oGm; onfr[kwf/ okd haomf bmrQ rvkyfedifbJ
tdyf&may:vSJaeouJhokd h,kHMunfoltjypfvkyfvQif 0dnmOf
a&;&m\ tvkyfrvkyfedifbJ zsm;emaejcif;jzpfonf/
þavmuüvlokH;rsKd;okH;pm; &SdaMumif;or®musrf;
pmtm;jzifh od&onf/ 4if;wkd hrSm
Zmwdyuwdvl
Zmwdyuwdvlonfc&pfawmfukdr,kHMunf/ c&pf
awmfukd vufrcH aomol jzpfaomaMumifh
c&pfawmfESifhrqkdif (a&m?8;9)/ c&pfawmfr&

aomaMumifh xm0& toufr& (1 a,m 5;12)/c&pfawmfukd


r,kHMunfaom
aMumifh ,ckyif tjypfpD&ifjcif;ukd cH&aomoljzpfonf (a,m
3;36)/ þolonf
c&pfawmfukdr&aomaMumifhpdwfESvkH;txJ&Sdyv’ifay:ui
g wnf;[laom twåutkyfpkd;ae onf/
&Sifaygvku ZmwdyuwdvlESifhywfowfí þokd
hqkdonf- Zmwd yuwdvlonf bk&m;ocif\0dnmOfawmf
t&mukdrcHr,l/ xkdt&mwkd hukd
rkdufrJaomt&mjzpfonf [kxifwwfonf/ xkdt&mukd
0dnmOf tm;jzifhom ykdif;jcm;í
em;vnfedifaomaMumifh Zmwdyuwd vlonf
em;rvnfedif (1 aum ?2;14)/Zmwdyuwdvlonf
0dnmOft&mukd em;rvnfaomaMumifh rvkdcsif/
ajrMuD;t&mukdom pdwf pJGvef;jcif;&Sdonf/ ol\toufwm?
tjyKtrl? tusifhtBuHrsm;Munfh vQifvnf;
0dnmOfoabmr&dS/wnfjidrfjcif; 0rf;ajrmufjcif; r&Sd?
tvGefaysmfvkduf? tvGef 0rf;enf;vkduf? pdwfwkdvkduf?
pdwfqkd;vkduf? pkd;&drfylyefvkdufjzifh rjidrfoufaom
toufwmjzifh touf&Sifonf/
Zmwdyuwd toufwmonf omoemyvlrsm;üomru
c&pf,mef rsm;xJüvnf; rsm;pGm&Sdonf/ oif;tkyf
q&mrsm;rSpí? toif;awmfvlMuD;rsm;? trsKd;orD;acgif;
aqmifrsm;? vli,facgif;aqmifrsm;? toif;oltoif;om;
rsm;pGmwkd honf tjyifyef;tm;jzifh
c&pf,mef[kxif&aomfvnf; c&pfawmfukd
r&&SdaomaMumifh Zmwdyuwdvlrsm; jzpfMuonf/
þtoufwmrsKd;jzifh bk&m;ocif\ tvkdawmfukd rvkdufedif/
vkdufcsifpdwfvnf; r&SdMu/ bk&m;t vkdawmfxuf rdrdwkd
htvkdukdvdkufbkd htav;xm;Muonf/ bk&m;\bkef;
&Skwfcsp&mjzpfaponf/
0dnmOfyuwdc&pf,mef
0dnmOfyuwdc&pf,mefonf c&pfawmf ukd pdwfES
vkH;xJüvufcHonf omru ol\toufwmukdtkyf pkd;cGifh
jyKaomol jzpfonf/ ig wnf;[laom rmefrmeudkatmufokd
hcsonf/ þvlonf c&pfawmf&&SdaomaMumifh ppfrSef aom
c&pf,mef jzpfonf/ xm0&touf ukdvnf;&&Sdonf (1 a,m
5;12)/ tjypfpD&ifjcif;rSvnf; vGwfajrmufaomol jzpfonf
(a,m?3;18)/ bk&m; ocifa&S hawmfüajzmifhrwfaomol oef
h&Sif;aomoljzpfonf (1 aum?1;2?30)
þvlonf toufwmukd ukd,fwkdifrtkyfcsKyfbJ
c&pfawmfukd tkyfpkd; apaomaMumifhbk&m;
tvkdawmftwkdif; touf&Sifaomoljzpfonf/
xkdUaMumifh0dnmOfawmf\toD;wnf;[laom cspfjcif;?
0rf;ajrmufjcif;? jidrfouf jcif;? pdwf&Snfjcif;?
aus;Zl;jyKjcif;? aumif;jrwfjcif;?opömapmifhjcif;?
el;nHHhodrfarGU jcif;? umr*kPfcskKyfwnf;jcif;paom
0dnmOfawmf\toD;rsm;ukd ol\ toufwmü awG h&onf (*vm
5;22-23)/
þvl\toufwmonft"dyÜg,f&Sdí yef;wdkifvnf;&Sdonf/
tajym tqkdtjyKtrl tMuHtpnfwkdUonfbk&m;ocif\tvkdawmf
twkdif; jzpfaomaMumifh olwyg;twGufvnf;
wnfaqmufp&mjzpfívlrsm;ukd qJGaqmif edifaomoljzpfonf/
ol\toufwmonf bk&m;ocif\bkef;ukd xif&Sm;apí
vlwkdif;\av;pm; ESpfoufcspfcif jrwfekd;jcif;ukd cH&onf/
,kHMunfolwkdif;onf xkduJhokd haom toufwmjzifh
touf&Sif&rSm jzpfonf/ xkduJhokd haomolukdomoemyvl
rsm;uvnf; av;pm;í olUtm;jzifh
bk&m;ocifukd,kHMunfvmMurSmjzpfonf/
bk&m;ocif\pdwfawmfeSifh awGUí ,kHMunfolwkdif;
arQmfvifhawmifhwaom toufwmjzpfonf/
Zmwdyuwdc&pf,mef
Zmwdyuwdc&pf,mefonf c&pfawmfukd
pdwfESvkH;xJü &&Sdaom aMumifh
xm0&toufukd&&Sdaomol/ tjypf pD&ifjcif;rSuif;vGwfaom
oljzpfonf/ c&pf,mefwa,muf&oifh &xkdufaom
tcGifhta&;rsm; udk&onf/ okd haomf c&pfawmfukd
toufwm\ tkyfpkd;cGifhray;/ ig wnf;[l aom twå
jzifhtoufwmukd tkyfpkd;onf/ xkd haMumifhc&pf
,mefjzpfaomfvnf; c&pf,mefr[kwfouJhokd
hZmwdoabmjzifhtouf&Sifonf/
þvlonfc&pfawmfukd &&SdaomaMumifh
xm0&toufrqkH;&SkH; aomfvnf; Zmwd tvkdtm;jzifh
touf&SifaomaMumifh ol\toufwmu bk&m;ocif\bkef;awmf
rxif&Sm;onfomru &Skwfcsp&mjzpfonf/ Zmwdyuwdvl
uJhokd hyif *vmwd 5;19-21 xJrSmaz:jyaom ZmwdtoD;
rsm;ukdomoD;onf/
aum&defoktoif;awmf
aum&defoktoif;awmfvnf; Zmwdtm;jzifhtouf
&SifMuaom aMumifh &Sifaygvkuþokd hqlcJhonf-
nDtpfukdwkdUtxufu igonf0dnmOf vlwkdUtm;
a[majymouJhokd hoifwkd htm; a[majym &aom
tcGifhr&SdbJ Zmwdyuwd vlwkd htm;4if;?
c&pfawmfü oli,fuav; wkd htm;4if;?
a[majymouJhokd ha[majym&\/ ,ckyifvnf; Zmwdy
uwdvl jzpfMu ao;\/ *kPfjyKdifjcif;? &efawG hjcif;?
tcsif;csif; uJGjym;jcif; &SdMu onfjzpfíoifwkd honf
ZmwdyuwdvljzpfMuonf r[kwfavm? avmuD
xHk;pHtwkdif; usifhaqmifMu onf r[kwfavm (1 aum
3;1? 3)/
aum&defok toif;awmfonf Zmwdtm;jzifhtouf
&Sifaomfvnf; u,fwifjcif;rqkH;&SkH;aMumif; &Sifaygvk\
ESkwfqufpmu þokd hawG h&onf- a,&Skc&pftm;jzifh
tjypfESifhuif;pifí oef h&Sif;olt&m cef hxm; aomol
(1 aum?1;2) [ka&;xm;onf/ xkdrQomru xkdolrsm;onfocif
c&pfawmf<uGvmaomtcg olwkd
hcHpm;&rnfht&mrsm;ukd þokd ha&;om; cJhonf-
aemufqkH;aom wHykd;rSkwfaomtcg wcPjcif;wGif
rsufpd wrSdwfwGif igwkd h&SdorQ(aum&defok
toif;om;rsm;tygt0if)onf ajymif;vJjcif;okd h
a&muf&Murnf (1 aum 15;52)/
þokd hZmwdyuwdc&pf,mefrsm;onf
u,fwifjcif;rqkH;&kSH; aomfvnf;
bk&m;tvkdawmfESifhjynfhpkHaom toufwmr[kwf
olwyg;xdckduf p&m toufwmjzifh touf&SifaomaMumifh
bk&m;bkef;awmfvnf; olwkdU aMumifh &Skwfcsp&m
jzpfonf/ olwkd hukd,fwkdifvnf; aysmf&TifjidrfoufrSkr&Sd/
pdwfysufp&m toufwmjzifhtouf&Sif&onf/ xkd
toufwmrsKd;jzifh toufr&SifbJ 0dnmOfawmf tkyfpkd;jcif; t
oufwmjzifh touf&Sif&Murnf/
c&pfawmfukdtkyfpkd;apjcif;jzifh
Zmwdyuwdc&pf,mefonf toufwmü ig
tm;jzifhtkyfpdk;í c&pfawmfukd
ae&mray;jcif;aMumifhjzpfonf [kod&jyD/ xkdokd
hZmwdoabmjzifh qufvuftouf&Sifygu
bk&m;ocif\pdwfawmfESifhrawG hedif/ bk&m;ocifESifh
qef husifbufjzpfí bk&m;ocif\w&m;awmftvdkokd h
rvkdufwwf/ xkdrQru rvkdufEkdif (a&m 8;7-8)/
xkd haMumifh c&pfawmf tkyfpkd;aom toufwm
0dnmOfawmfjynfh0 aom toufwmjzifh
jyefvnftouf&Sifedif&ef rdrdtjypfukd0efcsawmif;yef í
c&pfawmfukdtoufwmü
ociftjzpfjyefvnftkyfpkd;cGifhay;&rnf/pdwfESvkHESdrhfcsí
rdrdtoufwmukd c&pfawmfxHü jyefvnfykHtyf&rnf/
xkdoUkd c&pfawmfukd trSefwu,f tkyfpkd;cGifhay;vQif
olonf rdwfaqG\ toufwmukd
tkyfpkd;rSmtrSefjzpfonf/c&pfawmftkyfpkd;aomtoufwmon
f 0dnmOfyud toufwm jzpfíbk&m;ocif\ tvkdawmftwdkif;
jyefvnf touf&Sifedifay rnf/ 0dnmOftoD;rsm;ukdvnf;
jyefvnfoD;vmedifayrnf/
oifcef;pm (20)rS ar;cGef;rsm;
1/ c&pfawmfukd ,kHMunfjyD;aomolonf tjypfvkyfedifyg
ao;ovm;/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
2/ ,kHMunfolrsm;onftjypfaMumifhxm0&touf
qkH;&SkH;edifygovm;/---------------------------------------------
----------------------------
3/

Zmwdyuwdc&pf,mefonfc&pfawmfukd&ygovm;/----------
----------
4/
c&pf,mefrsm;txJüZmwdyuwdvlrsm;&Sdygovm;/tb,fhaM
umifhenf;/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
5/ ZmwdtoD;rsm;
az:jyyg/---------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------------
6/ rnfokd haomolonf0dnmOfyuwdc&pf,mefjzpfoenf;/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
&/

0dnmOftoD;rsm;az:jyyg/------------------------------------------
---
----------------------------------------------------------------------
8/

Zmwdc&pf,mefonfrnfolutkyfpkd;oenf;/-----------------------
---
9/ Zmwdc&pf,mef
u,fwifjcif;qkH;&SkH;rnfavm/-------------------------
10/rnfuJhokd
h0dnmOfc&pf,mefjzpfrnfenf;-------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------------

oifcef;pm (21)
&yfwnfcsufESifhvkyfaqmifcsuf
c&pf,mefwa,muftaejzifh rdrd\ &yfwnfcsuf (standing)
ESifh rdrd\ vkyfaqmifcsuf (state) ukdaocsmpGmykdif;
jcm;em;vnfbkdUvkd onf/ &yf wnfcsufqkdonfrSm
bk&m;ocifu ,kHMunfolrsm;twGuf c&pfawmf\vkyf aqmif
ay;aom t&mrsm;jzpfonf/ tdrfESifhESkdif;ygu
tkwfjrpfESifhwlonf? vkyfaqmifrSkonf ae hpOf ,kHMunfol\
vkyfaqmifrSkukdqkdvkdonf/ &yfwnf csuftcskKd
hukdaz:jyyg u-
tjypfuif;pifonf
,kHMunfolwa,mufonf ae hpOfESifhtrQ
pdwftm;jzifh4if;?ukd,f um,tm;jzifh4if;? wenf;r[kwf wenf;
tjypfusL;vGefrSmjzpfonf/ okdUaomf olonf c&pfawmfü
tjypfuif;pifaomoljzpfonf/ xkd haMumifh tjypfpD&ifjcif;rS
uif;vGwfaomoljzpfonf (a,m 1;18)/ tjypfusL;vGefrSk twGuf
tbonfom;ukdqkH;rwwfouJhokd hbk&m;ocif\qkH;rjcif;
cH&rSm jzpfonf (a[jAJ 12;5-11)/ tjypfpD&ifjcif; onf
tjypfom;rsm;ESifhqkdifí qkH;rjcif;onfom;rsm;
ESifhomqkdifonf? xkd haMumifh,kHMunfolrsm;onf tcsdef
ra&G; bk&m;ocif\qkH;rjcif;ukdcHedifaomfvnf;
tjypftwGufw&m; pD&ifjcif;rS
uif;vGwfjyD;aomolrsm;jzpfonf/ xkdokd h,kH
Munfolwa,muf tjypfESifh uif;pifjcif;onf c&pfawmf\
cHpm;&aom &yfwnfcsufwckjzpfonf/ ,kHMunfolukd,fwkdif
tusifhtMuHtm;jzifh tjypf&Sdaomfvnf; c&pfawmfü
tjypfuif;pifonf/ wenf;tm;jzifh qkdvQif&yfwnfcsufonf
bk&m;ocif\ tjrifüjzpfívl htjrifür[kwf? þt&mukd
em;vnfedifbkd h&ef &Sifaygvku
aum&defoktoif;awmfxHa&;aompm ukdMunfhMupkd h/
xkdtoif;awmfonf tjypfESifhruif;yg/ olwkd
honfZmwdyuwdvljzpfMu ao;onf/ *kPfjydKifjcif;? &efawG
hjcif? tcsif;csif;uJGjym;jcif;&SdMuao;onf (1 aum 3;3)/
xkdrQomru tb\ r,m;ukdodrf;ykdufaomolvnf; olwkd
htxJü&Sdonf/ usefaomolrsm; uvnf; xkdtjypftwGuf
pdwfromnnf;wGm;jcif;r&Sd/ rmeaxmifvTm; vsuf&Sd
Muonf (1 aum?5;1-2)? aum&defoktoif;awmfonfoef
h&Sif;jcif;r&Sdacs/
okdUaomf&Sifaygvku olwkd hukdpma&;aomtcg-
a,&Skkc&pftm;jzifhtjypfESifh uif;pifíoef
h&Sif;olt&mücefUxm;aomolwnf;[laom aum&def
okjrdKUü&Sdaom bk&m;ocif\ toif;awmf-[ka&;cJhonf
(1 aum 1;2)/ tb,faMumifhxkdokd ha&;oenf;/ tpü olwdk
h\tjypfukdrodaom aMumifhavm/ r[kwfyg/
olwkdU\tjypfrsm;ukd &Sifaygvk aumif;aumif; odygonf/
&SifaygvkqkdvkdonfrSm aum&defok toif;awmfonf
c&pfawmf\ tjypfESifhuif;pifíoef h&Sif;jcif;ukdbk&m; ocifu
a,&Skc&pftm;jzifh ay;jcif; udk qkdvkdonf/ xkdt&m
onfa,&Skc&pfü olwkd h\&yfwnfcsufjzpfonf/ olwkdU
vkyfaqmifcsuf raumif;yg/ &efawG hjcif;? *kPfjydKifjcif; t
csif;csif; uJGjym;jcif;wkdU onf olwkd h\vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;
jzpfygonf/ xkdt&mrsm; onftjypf&Sdí vkH;0raumif;yg/ okd
haomfolwkd h\&yfwnfcsuf onf c&pfawmfü
jzpfaomaMumifh tjypfESifhuif;pifíoef h&Sif;onf/
taMumif;rSm c&pfawmf \ oeUf&Sif;jcif;onf olwkd h\ oef
h&Sif;jcif;jzpfonf (1 aum 1;30)/
&yfwnfcsufonf bk&m;\ tjrifüjzpfí vl\htjrif r[kwf/
bk&m; ocifu aum&defok toif;awmfukd c&pfawmfü jrifonf/
xkd haMumifholwkdh onfc&pfawmfü tjypfuif;íoef
h&Sif;onf/ vlonfvkyfaqmifcsufom jrifedifonf/ xkd
haMumifhvkyfaqmifrSktay:rSmom wa,mufESifh wa,muf
qkH;jzwf Muonf/ xkdokd hqkdaomf bk&m;ocifonf
vkyfaqmifrSkukd *&krpdkuf oavm[k ar;p&m&Sdvmonf/
bk&m;ocifonf ,kHMunfol\vkyfaqmifrSk ukdvnf;
*&kpkdufygonf/ okd haomfxkdt&mtm;jzifh
,kHMunfoluc&pfawmfü &&Sdxm;aom oef h&Sif;jcif;ukd
rxdckdufedifacs/ vkyfaqmifrSk twGuf tbonf
om;ukdqkH;rouJhokd h qkH;rrSmjzpfonf/
tu,fíqkH;rjcif;ukd em;;raxmif ygu ol\
ukd,fcE¨m&kyfodrf;jcif;txd jyKvkyfedifonf/
ajzmifhrwfjcif;
ajzmifhrwfjcif;onf w&m;pD&ifjcif;ESifhqkdifonf/
,kHMunfolwpf a,mufonf c&pfawmfü
&SdaomaMumifhbk&m;ocif\ tjrif ajzmifhrwfonf/ xkd
haMumifh&Sifaygvku- bk&m;ocifonf tjypfESifh
uif;pifaomolukd igwkdUtwGufaMumifh
tjypf&Sdaomoljzpf apawmf rl\/ taMumif;
rlum;igwkd honfxkdoltm;jzifh bk&m;ocifa&SU
ajzmifhrwf aomol jzpfrnfhtaMumif;wnf; -[kqkdonf (2
aum?5;21)/
bk&m;ocifu tjypfESifhuif;pifaomol wnf;[laom
c&pfawmfukd igwkd htwGufaMumifh tjypf&Sdaomol
jzpfaponf/ taMumif;rSm igwkd honf c&pfawmftm;
jzifh(igwkd h\vkyfaqmifcsufaMumifhr[kwf)
bk&m;ocifha&Sh awmfü (vla&SUü r[kwf)
ajzmifhrwfrnfhtaMumif;wnf;[k qkdxm;onf/
okd hjzpfí,kHMunfolrsm;onfbk&m;tjrifü
c&pfawmfaMumifhajzmifhrwfMu onf/ xkdt&monf
,kHMunfolrsm;\ &yfwnfcsufjzpfonf/ olwkd h\vkyf
aqmifrSktay: qkH;jzwfonfr[kwf/ vl htjriftm;jzifhvnf; r[kwf/
&yfwnf csufonf c&pfawmftay: rlwnfonf/ okd
hjzpfí,kHMunfolwkdif;\ &yfwnf csuf onf twlwlyifjzpfí
ajymif;vJjcif;vnf; r&Sdacs/ vkyfaqmifrSk rlum;
rdrd\vkyfaqmifrSktay:rlwnfaomaMumifh
wa,mufESifhwa,muf uGm;jcm; uGJjym;Muonf/
&yfwnfcsufESifh vkyfaqmifcsuf rcJGjcm;ygu
&SkyfaxG;rSkrsm; jzpfvm onf/
rnfolrQtjypfrvkyfbJraeedifMu/ okd hjzpfí ,kHMunfolrsm;
tjypfjyef vkyfrd aomtcg ajzmifhrwfjcif;? oef
h&Sif;jcif;rsm; qkH;&SkH;oGm;jyD[k xifwwf onf/
bk&m;ocifa&S hrSm a,&Skc&pftm;jzifh &&Sdaom
ajzmifhrwfjcif;ESifh oef h&Sif;jcif;onf a,&Skc&pf
rajymif;vJouJhokdk h ajymif;vJjcif;r&Sdacs/ okdhaomf
tjypfaMumifh bk&m;ocifESifh rdó[m&jywfí
0rf;ajrmufrSkqkH;&SkH;rnf/ rdbpum;em;raxmifaom
om;orD;onf om;orD;tjzpfrS pGef vTwfjcif; rcH&aomfvnf;
0rf;ajrmufrSk r&Sdawmhacs/ rdba&S hrSmrsufESmr&bJ
rsufESm i,fae&onf/ xkd henf;wl t jypfvkyfaom
,kHMunfolonf bk&m; ocifa&ShrSm rsufESmi,f&onf/
'g0d'fonf Amoa&SAESifhrSm;,Gif;aomtcg 0rf;rajrmuf
edifaomaMumifh þokdUjyefvnfqkawmif;onf- pdwfoufom
0rf;ajrmufrl &SdrnfhtaMumif;pum;ukd
tuGsefyftm; Mum;ap awmfrlyg/ okd hjyKvQif
csKd;zJhawmfrlaomt&kd;wkd honf &TifjrL;jcif;
&SdMuygvdrfhrnf-u,fwif awmfrljcif;ESifh,SOfaom
0rf;ajrmufjcif; tcGifhukd jyefíay; oem; awmfrlyg/-
MunfndKaom apwempdwfoabmonf tuGsefyfukd
axmufrygapaomf- (qm?51;8?12)/
aum&defok toif;om;rsm;onf toufwmü oef
h&Sif;rSkr&SdMuaomf vnf;
0dnmOfqkaus;Zl;rsm;&&SdMuonf/ xkdrQomru oef
h&Sif;olrsm; ukdocif a,&Sku
csDaqmifjcif;vnf;yg0if&MurSmjzpfaMumif; &Sifaygvku
þokd ha&; xm;onf-igwkd h&SdorQonf
tdyfaysmf(ao)&Murnfr[kwf/ okdUaomf vnf;
aemufqkH;aom wHykd;rSkwfaomtcgwcPjcif;wGif
rsufpd wrdSwfü igwkd h&dSorQ (aum&defok
toif;om;rsm;tygt0if) onf ajymif;vJjcif;okd h a&muf
&Murnf ( 1 aum? 15;51-52)/ qkdvkdonfrSm c&pfawmf
<uvmaomtcg Zmwdyuwdtwkdif;touf&SifcJhMuaom aum
&defoktoif;om; rsm; vnf; ukd,fcE¨majymif;vJjcif;okd
ha&mufMurnf/ Zmwdtwkdif;touf&Sifjcif;tm;jzifh ol wkd
hu,f wif jcif; rqkH;&IH;acs/
xkdokdUrqkH;&SkH;aomaMumifhZmwdtwkdif;
touf&SifMubkd hr[kwf/ Zmwdtvkd
twkdif;touf&Sifjcif;tm;jzifh qkH;&IH;aomt&mrsm;ukd
jyefvnfavhvm&Murnf/rdó[m&jywfonf
,kHMunfolwa,mufonf c&pfawmf vufcHcsdefrS pí
bk&m;ocif\ om;jzpf&jyD (a,m?1;12)/ Zmwd
tvkdvkdufítjypf usL;vGefaecsdefüyifvQiff
bk&m;ocif\om;jzpfonf/ om;orD; rsm; onf rdb pum;
em;axmifaom tcsdefuom om;orD;rsm;jzpfonf r[kwf?
pum;em; raxmifaom tcsdefü yifvQif
om;orD;rsm;jzpfMuonfr[kwfavm/ pum;em;axmifaom
aMumifh
om;orD;jzpfMuonfr[kwf/ arG;bGm;jcif;aMumifh
om;orD;jzpfonf/ xkdhaMumifh pum;em;raxmifjcif;tm;jzifh
om;orD;t&mudkqkH; &SkH;edifonf r[kwf/ om;orD;
jzpfjcif;onf usKd;pm; jcif;? aumif;jrwfjcif;tm;jzifhjzpfonf
r[kwf/ rdcifrS arG;bGm;jcif;tm;jzifhjzpfonf/ xkd henf;wl
bk&m;ocif\ tom; jzpfjcif;onf
tusifhESifhMudK;pm;jcif;tm;jzifhr[kwf/ 0dnmOfESifh
arG;bGm;jcif; tm;jzifh omvQifjzpfonf/ xkdt&monf&yf
wnfcsufjzpfonf/ vl\ vkyfaqmifrSkaMumifhr[kwf/
bk&m;ocif\vkyfaqmifrSkjzpfí rajymif;vJ edifawmhacs/
ocifa,&Skc&pf ay;aom Oyrmuvnf; aysmufaom om;onf
okH;jzKef;í raumif;aomtusifhrsm;usifhvsuf zcifxHrS
xGufoGm;aomfvnf; ol hzcif\om; yif jzpfonf/ zcifxHrS oGm;
aom aMumifh zcifESifhrdó[m& jywfí
zcif\pnf;pdrfrcHpm;&aomfvnf; zcif\om;jzpfqJjzpfonf/
oljyefvmaomtcg ol hzcifu om; [kvuf cHonf (vk?15;24)/
om;orD;rsm;onf rdb pum;em;axmifbkd hjzpf onf/
rdbpum; em;axmifrS rdbrsufESmyGifhvef;onf/
xkdenf;wl ,kHMunfolrsm; bk&m; pum; em;axmif&rnf/ okd
hrSom bk&m;\bkef; xif&Sm;rSmjzpfonf/ bk&m;\om; rsm;
tusifhqkd;aeygu bk&m;\bkef;&Skwfcsp&m jzpfonf/

oifcef;pm (21) ar;cGef;rsm;


1/&yfwnfcsufonf-------------\vkyfaqmifcsufjzpfonf/
2/vkyfaqmifcsufonf ---------------\vkyfaqmifcsufjzpfonf/
3/&yfwnfcsufonf ----------------\ tjrifüjzpfonf/
4/aum&defoktoif;awmfonf c&pfawmf\ oef h&Sif;jcif;
onfolwkdU\ ---------------csufjzpfonf/
5/aum&defoktoif;awmfonf ZmwdtjypfusL;vGefjcif;onf
olwkdU -----------------------csufjzpfonf/
6/,kHMunfol onf----------&SdaomaMumifh----------
tjrifüajzmifhrwfonf/
&/

a,&Skc&pfü&aomt&mrsm;rajymif;aomfvnf;tjypfvkyfvQi
fbm&SkH; rnfenf;/-------------------------
8/'g0'fonfrSm;,Gif;aomtcg bm&SkH;oenf;/-------------------
9/bk&m;om;jzpfjcif;onf--------------csufjzpfonf/
10/tjypfvkyfvQif
rnfonfht&m&SkH;rnfenf;/----------------------------
rnfonfht&mr&IH;edifoenf;/---------------------------------------
--

oifcef;pm (22)
MuD;xGm;jcif;ESifh&ifhusufjcif;
ouf&SdowÅ0gESifhtyifwkdif;onfMuD;xGm;Muonf/
MuD;xGm;jyD;rS &ifhusufum oD;yGifhMuonf/ okd
hrSomyGg; rsm;edifonf/ vlom;rsm;vnf; arG;bGm;jyD;vQif
BuD;xGm;Mu onf/ cav; arG;aomfvnf; rBuD;xGm;vQif
rdbrsm;pdwf qif;&JrSm aocsmonf/ xkdrQomru
BuD;xGm;aomolwkdif; vnf;r&ifhusufBuyg/
vlaumifBuD;aomfvnf;cav;pdwf &Sdaeao;ygu tm;ukd;ír&
cav;uJhokdU Munfh&Skbkdhvkdtyf ayvdrfhrnf/ xkd
haMumifhvlwkdif; arG;bGm;&kHjzifhrjyD;yg/ tcsdef
wefvQif MuD;xGm;bkd hESifh &ifhusufbkd hvkdonf/
xkdUenf;wl 0dnmOfykdif;qkdif&müvnf; ,kHMunfol
rsm;onf c&pfawmf\ 'kwd,arG;bGm;&kHESifh rjyD;yg/
BuD;xGm;jcif;ESifh &ifhusufjcif; &Sdbkd hvkdtyfonf/
tcsdefwefaomfvnf; rBuD;xGm;r&ifhusufygu rsm;pGmaom
jyóemrsm; ay:aygufedifonf/
Zmwdüusifvnf
,kHMunfolrsm;MuD;xGm;&ifhusufjcif;r&SdvQif
0dnmOfoabmjzifh toufr&Sifedif/ Zmwdoabmjzifhom
touf&Sifedifonf/ aum&defok toif;awmfonf
MuD;xGm;&ifhusufjcif;r&SdaomaMumifh &Sifaygvku
-nDtpfukdwkdUtxufuigonf 0dnmOfvlwkd
htm;a[majym ouJhodkU oifwkdhtm;
a[majym&aomtcGifh r&dSbJ ZmwdyuwdvlwkdU
tm;4if;? c&pfawmf\ oli,fcav;wkd htm;4if;?
a[majymouJhokdh a[majym &\-[kpma&;cJhonf
(1aum?3;1)/ Zmwd yuwdvl qkdonfrSm bk&m;rod aomol
r,kHMunfaomolukd qkdvkdonf/ ,kHMunfolrsm;onf
rMuD;xGm; r&ifhusuf vQif avmuDom;rsm;uJhokd
hjzpfícJGjcm;ír&ay/
aMucJaomtpm
cav;oli,frsm;onfaMucJaomtpmrsm;ukd rpm;edifMu/
edk hukdom okH;aqmifMuonf/ xkd henf;wl0dnmOfykdif;
cav;oli,frsm;vnf; aMucJaom tpmukdrpm;edif 0dnmOfedk
hrsm;ukdom okH;aqmifMuonf? &Sifaygvku- ,ckwkdif
atmif oifwkd honf cJbG,fpm;bG,fukd
raMuedifMuaom aMumifh igrauGs;&/ ekd
hukdomwkduf&\/ ,ckyifvnf;raMuedif Muao;-
[ka&;cJhonf (1 aum?3;2)/ a[jAJpma&;aomoluvnf;
xkdarvcd aZ'uf\taMumif;ukd igajymp&mtrsm;&Sd\/
okd haomfvnf; oifwkdU onfumvMumaomaMumifh
q&mtjzpfokd ha&mufoifhaomf vnf; bk&m;ocif\
Asm'dwfawmfü a&S hOD;pGm oif&aom w&m;ek
wkd hukd
olwyg;xHüwzefoif&aomtaMumif;&Sdonfjzpfí aMucJ
aom tpmukdrokH;aqmif edk
hukdomokH;aqmifaomol jzpfMu\-[ka&;cJhonf (a[jAJ
5;11-12)/
aMucJaomtpmrpm;jcif;jzifh tb,fjyóem &Sdoenf;[k
ar;edif onf/ ekd hukdomokH;aqmifaomolonftm;r&Sd/
tvkyfrvkyfedif/ aMucJaom tpmpm;rSom tm;&Sdí
tvkyfvkyfedifonf/ xkdenf;wl 0dnmOfEkdU hukdomaomuf
aomolonf bk&m;ocif\ tokH;awmfrcHedif/ cav;uJh okd h
olwyg;ukdrSDckd tm;ukd;bkd hvkdtyfaeayvdrfhrnf/
cav;rsm;onf tvkyfrvkyfedifonf omru om;orD;rsm;vnf;
rarG;bGm;edifyg/ xkd henf;wl 0dnmOfcav;rsm;onff
0dnmOfom;orD;rsm;rarG;bGm;edifacs/
olwkdUukdwcsdefvkH;apmifha&SmufbkdUvkd tyfonf/
tjypfüaysmfarG h
cav;rsm;onf
npfnL;aomt&mrsm;ukd&GH&Smjcif;r&Sd?ESpfouf Muonf/
awG horQaomt&mukd yg;pyfxJokd h xnfhwwfonf/
usef;rma&; vnf;rod? rdrdtwGuf
ab;tEÅ&m,f&Sdr&Sdukdvnf; em;rvnf/ xkd
haMumifholwkdh ukd wcsdefvkH;apmifha&Smufbkd
hvkdtyfonf/ xkdenf;wl 0dnmOfrMuD;xGm;
r&ifhusufaomolwkd honf tjypfüaysmfarG hwwfonf/
rdrdtwGuf tEÅ&m,f&dS r&Sd rpOf;pm;bJ
Zmwd\tvkdukdvkdufavQmufwwfaomaMumifh olwkUdukd
wcsdef vkH;apmifh a&Smufbkd hvkdtyfonf/
aum&defoktoif;awmfvnf;rMuD; xGm;r&ifh
usufaomaMumifh *kPfjydKifjcif;?&efawG hjcif;?
tcsif;csif;uGJjym;Muonf (1 aum 3;3)/
xkdtusifhrsm;onf,kHMunfolrsm;ür&Sdoifh/ okd
haomfvnf; 0dnmOf a&;&m cav;jzpfaevQifrvTJra&Smifom
&Sdaeayrnf/ 0dnmOfa&;&m rBuD;xGm; r&ifhusufjcif;onf
rdrdtwGufomru tjcm;olrsm;twGufvnf; raumif;acs/
,kHMunfolnD tpfukdarmifESrrsm;ukd tm;enf;aponf/
,kHMunfolrsm;tMum;ü jyóemrsm;íuGJjym;aponf/
xkdrQomru r,kHMunfolrsm;twGuf xdrdvJp&mjzpfonf/
r&ifhusufolrsm;\ toufwmudk Munfhjcif;tm;jzifh
r,kHMunfolrsm;onf bk&m;ocifukd rjrifedif/ t[ef htwm;
jzpfaponf/ bk&m;ocif\bkef;awmfukd rxif&Sm;aponf omru
emrawmfukd &Skwfcsp&mjzpfaponf/ xkd
haMumifh,kHMunfolwkdif; MuD;xGm;&ifhusufbkdU
vkdtyfonf/
touf&Sifaomtoif;awmfrsm;ü 0dnmOfykdif;MuD;
xGm;&ifhusufrS kr&Sdygu jyóemaygif;pkHESifh awG
hBuKH&rSmaocsmaeygonf/aum&defok toif;awmfuJhokd
h 0dnmOf qkaus;Zl;&&Sdaomfvnf; jyóem rajyvnf
edifatmif&Skyf axG;rSk&Sd edifonf/ cav;rsm;
rsm;&Sdaom ae&müjyóem rsm;ítb,ft&mukdrQ
vkyfaqmifír&acs/ BuD;xGm;&ifh usufrSomvQif
jyoemrsm;ukd ajz&Sif;edifrSm jzpfonf/
MuD;xGm;&ifhusufjcif;r&SdvQif cav;rsm;uJhokd h
aumuf&kd;rD;avmifovkd
cPcsif;wGifwuf<uGaomfvnf;rMumrSD
jyefvnfjidrfusoGm;wwfonf/
tb,fcav;rSMuD;rm;aomtrSkukd rvkyfedif/ tcsKd haomt
oif;awmfrsm;\ 0dnmOfykdif;cav; rsm;omvQif&Sd
aomaMumifh wcsdefvkH; cav;xdef;MuD;wnf; [laom
toif;tkyfq&mukdom wrf;waeMu onf/toif;tkyf
q&mr&SdvQif bmrQrvkyfwwfMuawmh acs/
oif;tkyfq&mvnf; cav;MuD; jzpfaeygu rnfuJhokdU
cav;rsm;MuD;xGm; &ifhusuf
atmifjyKpkauGs;arG;&rnfukd rod EkdUbl;BuD;ESifh
we*FaEG ae hwGif 0dnmOfcav;rsm;ukd a&a&maom ekd
hBuJBuJ (vl htBuKdufw&m;rsm;)ukd wkdufwwfonf/ xkd
haMumifh0dnmOfcav;rsm; onf rBuD;xGm;/
jyóemrsm;onf/ okd hjzpfí rdwfaqGvnf; 0dnmOfa&;ü BuD;
xGm;&ifhusufbkd hvkdonf/
oifcef;pm (22) ar;cGef;rsm;
1/ cav;rsm;arG;bGm;jyD;vQif bmjzpfbkd
hvdkao;oenf;/------------------
2/

cav;rBuD;xGm;vQifrnfolpdwfqif;&Joenf;/---------------------
----
3/ 'kwd,arG;bGm;jyD;vQifbmvkdao;oenf;/----------------------
-------
4/

0dnmOfoabmESifhtouf&Sifedif&efbmvkdoenf;/-----------
----------
5/ Zmwdyuwdvlonftb,fokd haomolenf;/--------------------------
6/ cav;rsm;rnfuJhokd haomtpm
pm;oenf;/---------------------------
&/tvkyfvkyfedif&efrnfuJhokd
haomtpmpm;&oenf;/-------------------
8/

cav;rsm;onfrnfonft&mESifhaysmfwwfoenf;/----------------
----
9/ rMuD;xGm;jcif;\
jyóemrsm;a&;yg/----------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------
10/

tb,faMumifhtoif;awmfrsm;üjyóemrsm;oenf;/---------------
---
11/

tb,faMumifh,kHMunfolrsm;MuD;rm;aomt&mrvkyfedifo
enf;/
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
12/

tb,faMumifhoif;tkyfq&mukdrSDaeoenf;/---------------------
-----

oifcef;pm (23)
BuD;xGm;&ifhusufenf;
cav;rsm;BuD;xGm;bkd
h&efatmufygtcsufrsm;&SdbkdUvkdtyfonf/ usef;rmjcif;?
tpmpm;aomufjcif;? ukd,fvufvSkyf&Sm;jcif;? tem;,ljcif;?
ESifhtcsdefrsm;vkdtyfonf/ xkdt&mrsm;jynfhpkHygu
BuD;xGm;jcif;onf tvkdvkd jzpfonf/
tpm;tpm
cav;rsm;BuD;xGm;&ef yXrOD;qkH;ekd hpkd h&onf/
rdcifekdUonf cav;rsm; twGuf taumif;qkH;jzpfonf/
xkdenf;wl 0dnmOfykdif;üvnf;0dnmOfekd haomuf bkdU
vkdonf/ usrf;pmu- xkd haMumifhoifwkd honf
ocifbk&m;\ aus;Zl; awmfukd jrnf;prf;Muonfjzpfí
trskKd;rsKd;aom remvkdjcif;? vSnfhzsm; jcif;?
vQdK h0Sufjcif;? jiLpljcif;? uJ h&J hjcif;&SdorQudk
y,f&Sm;u,f wifjcif; tvkdiSg ESkwfuywfawmf w&m;\
edk hppf tm;jzifh BuD;yGm;rnfh taMumif;
bGm;paomoli,fuJhokd hxkdw&m;edk hukd tvGef
vkdcsifaom pdwf&SdMuavmh-[kqkdonf (1 ay?2;1-3)/
cav;edk hrpkdhvQif rBuD;xGm;edifouJhokd h
0dnmOfvl vnf; eSkwfuywf awmfedk hppfukd rpkd hvQif
rBuD;xGm;edifacs/ ESkwfuywfawmfonf 0dnmOfEkdU
jzpfaomaMumifhzwf&Skavhvm&rnf/ tcsKd
haomolrsm;onf Mum;emjcif; tm;jzifhomvQif
eSkwfuywfawmfukd cH,lBuonf/ ukd,fwkdifzwf&Skavh
vmjcif;r&Sd/ xkdokd haomolonfrMuD;xGm;edif/
ESkwfuywfawmf rzwfbJ MuD;xGm;edifaomjzwfvrf;r&Sd/
xkdaMumifhMuD;xGmvkdvQif ESkwfuywfawmfukd
zwf&Skav hvm&rnf/
qkawmif;&rnf
ukd,fhtpGrf;tptm;jzifh bk&m;om;rjzpfedifouJhokd h
ukd,fhtpGrf; tptm;jzifh c&pf,meftoufwm touf
r&Sifedifyg/c&pf,meftoufwmukd
bk&m;ocif\wefckd;tm;jzifhom&Sif edifonf/ ocifa,&Sku-
igESifhuGmvQif oifwkd honf tb,ftrSkukdrQ
rwwfedifMu-[kqkdcJhonf (a,m? 15;5)/ xkd
haMumifhMuD;xGm;&ifhusuf&ef qkawmif;bkd hvkdonf/
qkawmif;jcif;onf vufajrSmuf t&SkH;ay;jcif; bk&m;ocifukd
vkH;0Ookef tm;ukd;jcif;jzpfonf/ bk&m;ocifESifh
tpOfqufoG,fbkd hvkdonf/
rdó[m&zJG hjcif;
cav;rsm;BuD;xGm;bkdU&ef aqmhupm;jcif;vnf;
vkdtyfonf/xkdU enf;wl ,kHBunfolrsm;vnf; tjcm;olrsm;ESifh
xdawG hrSk rdó[m&zJG hbkdU vkdtyfonf/
,kHMunfolrsm;ESifhawGUvQif tcsif;csif;wkdufwGef;jcif;?
oufaocHjcif;? aus;Zl;awmfcsD;rGrf;jcif;
qkH;roGefoifjcif;rsm;jyKvkyfjcif; tm;jzifh 0dnmOfa&;&mü
MuD;xGm;&ifhusufedifonf/ xkdUaMumifhtcsif;csif;
pnf;a0;jcif;trSkukd ra&SmifrvGJMuESifh?
tcsif;csif;wkd hukd wkdufwGef;
edk;aqmfMuavmh/umv tcsdefa&mufvkeD;onfukd
axmufojzifh omíMudK;pm;Mu avmh- (a[jAJ ?10;25)/
tem;,ljcif;
cav;rsm;BuD;xGm;&ef tdyfpuftem;,lbkdUvkdonf/
cav;i,f avav ykdíttdyfrsm;avavjzpfonf/
0dnmOfa&;&müvnf; tem;,lbUkd vkdtyfonf/ rnfuJhokd h
tem;,lrnfenf;/ tem;,ljcif;onf tvkyfrvkyfjcif;? ol
wyg;ukdtm;ukd;jcif;jzpfonf/
bk&m;ocifukdtm;ukd;jcif;tm;jzifh tem; ,ledifonf/
ocifa,&Sku-0efav;íyifyef; aomol taygif;wkd high
xHokd hvmMuavmh/ igonf csrf;omay;rnf-
[kvufurf;BuKdaeonf (róJ?11;28)/
vlwkdif;ü0efxkwf0efykd;rsm;&SdMuonf/xkdt&mrsm;
ukd ocifc&pfawmf u xrf;ay;csifonf/ xkd haMumifh ol hukd
rdrd\0efxkwfrsm;tyfESHbkd hvkdtyfonf/
0efxkwf0efykd;rsm;&dSaevQif 0dnmOfa&;&mü
BuD;xGm;&ifhusufjcif;r&Sdedifacs/
avmuü&SdMuao;aomaMumifh
qif;&J'ku©rsm;&dS&OD;rSm jzpfonf/ xkd haMumifh
ocifa,&Sku-oifwkd honf þavmu\
qif;&J'ku©ukdcH&Muvdrfhrnf/ okd haomfvnf;
rpkd;&drfESifh igonfavmuukdatmifjyD-[krdef
hawmfrl\/ (a,m?16;33)/
c&pfawmfü rsm;rsm;tem;,ljcif;jzifh 0dnmOfykdif;ü
ykdí BuD;xGm;edifonf/ qufvufí- tb,folonfpkd;&drf
jcif;tm;jzifh rdrdtoufwmukd wawmifcefUrQ
wkd;yGg;apedifoenf;-[kqkdonf (ró?J 6;2&)/ pkd;&drf
ylyefjcif;jzifh 0dnmOfykdif;aeraumif;jzpfaponf/ xkd
haMumifh-xm0& bk&m;ukd
pdwfESvkH;t<uif;rJhukd;pm;avmh/
ukd,fhOmPfukdt rSDrjyKESifh/ oGm;av &m&mü
xm0&bk&m;ukdrsufarSmufjyKavmh/
okdUjyKvQifoif\ vrf; c&D;wkdU ukd
yJhjyifawmfrlrnf/ igonfynm&Sdonf[k
ukd,fwdkrxifESifh/xm0&bk&m;ukd aMumuf&GHI
'kp&kdufukda&Smifavhm/odkUjyvQif oif\t
aMumwkd honftm;oefí t&kd;wkd honf jcifqDESifh
jynfhpkHMu vdrfhrnf- (okwåH? 3;5-8)/
usef;rmbkd hvkdonf
cav;rsm;BuD;xGm;bkd h&ef usef;rmbkd hvkdonf?
rnfrQ yifpm;aomfvnf; rusef;rmygu BuD;xGm;edifrnf
r[kwf/ xkd henf;wl0dnmOfykdif;üvnf; usef;rm
bkdUvkdonf/ 0dnmOfykdif; aeraumif;apaomt&monf
tjypfjzpfonf/ ,kHMunfolwa,muftjypf usL;vGefaomtcg
BuD;xGm;rSk ukd&yfwef haponf/ qmvHq&mu-
igonftjypfukdraz:jybJaepOftcg waeUvkH;
nnf;wGm;aomtm;jzifh ight&kd; wkd
honfaqG;ajrhjcif;okd ha&muf& Mu\/ ae
hnrjywfukd,fawmf\vufonf tuGsefyf tay:rSm av;í
tuGsefyf\ acGs;&nfonf aEGumvüajcmufaoG
hjcif;uJhokd jzpf\- [kqkdonf (qm?32;3-4)/
aeraumif;aomolonf*&kkpkduf&onf/ aq;aomuf&onf/
ukoay;&onf/ okd hrSom usef;rmíBuD; xGm;edfifayrnf/
xkd henf;wl 0dnmOfykdif;usef;rmbkd h&ef t jypfrsm;ukd
bk&m;ocifxH 0efcsawmif;yef&rnf/ usrf;pm u-
wzeftuGsefyfonf ukd,ftjypfukda&S hawmfü0efcsyg
\/ jyKrdaom'kp&kdufukd0Sufírxm;yg/
igvGefusL;aomt&mukd xm0&
bk&m;tm;az:jyawmif;yefrnf[kajymqkdaomtcg
ukd,fawmfonf tuGsefyfjypfrSm;jcif;tjypfukd
vTwfawmfrl\- (qm?32;5)/
vlonftjypfr&SdvQifa&m*gr&Sd/
a&m*gr&SdvQifusef;rmíBuD;xGm;bUkd
&efom&Sdawmhonf/
tcsdefapmifhbkd hvkdonf
cav;BuD;xGm;&ef tcsdefapmifhbkd hvkdonf/
rnfrQyif *&kpkduf auGs;arG;jyKpkaomfvnf; ae
hcsif;ncsif;rBuD;xGm;edif/ xkd henf;wl 0dnmOfykdif; vnf;
tcsdefapmifhbkd hvkd onf/ a[jAJpma&;aomolu þokd
ha&;onf- oifwkd honf umvMumaomaMumifh
q&mtjzpfokd ha&mufoifh aomf vnf;-
aMucJaomtpmukdrokH;aqmif/ edk hukdom
okH;aqmif& aom oljzpfMu\- (a[?5;12)/
þae&mumvtcsdefMumaomtcg BuD;xGm; &ifhusufaom
q&mtjzpfokd ha&mufoifhaMumif; od&onf/
xkdUaMumifh,kHMunf olrsm;onf BuD;xGm;&ifhusufbkd h
tcsdefapmifhbkd hvkd aBumif;od&onf/
&ifhusufjcif;
&ifhusufjcif;onf BuD;xGm;jcif;\ toD;tyGifh okd hr[kwf
tqufjzpf onf/ ukd,fcE¨m&ifhusufjcif;onf rsKd; qufjyef
hyGGGGg;apedifonf/ pdwfykdif;qkdif&m
BuD;xGm;jcif;onf todOmPfA[kokw
yGm;rsm;jcif;jzifh&&dSedifonf? &ifhusuf jcif;rlum;
&&Sdxm;aom todOmPfukd tokH;jyKjcif;tm;
jzifh&&Sdedifonf/ ausmif;om;jzpfpOfwGif
&ifhusufjcif;r&Sdaomfvnf; BuD;xGm;onf/ xkd
ausmif;om;onfq&mr jzpfvmaomtcg BuD;xGm;jcif;&yfí
&ifhusufvm onf/ BuD;xGm;pOfwGif aqmhupm;csifí
£aj'apmifhjcif;r&Sd/ okd Uaomf q&mr
jzpfvmaomtcg&ifhusufjcif;\vu¨Pmjzpfaom
£aj'apmifhjcif;onf tvkdvkd jzpfvmonf/ xkdq&mronf
ausmif;jyefwufygu BuD;xGm;jyefí
cav;pdwfjyef0ifvmrSmjzpfonf/ wynfhawmfrsm;vnf;
ocifa,&SkESifhae pOfwGiftvGefcav;qefMuonf/
a,m[efESifh,mukyfnDtpfukdwkdUvnf;
avmuD&mxl;&&Sdbkd h ocifa,&SkxHü awmif;cJhMuonf/
usefaom wynfhawmf rsm;uvnf;
cav;pdwf&SdMuaomaMumifh xkdnDtpfukd
ESpfa,muftay:wGif remvkdMuípdwfqkd;Muonf(róJ?20;20-
24)/ tb,folonft BuD;jrwfqkH; jzpfaMumif;ukdvnf;
odcsifMuonf (r?18;1)/ xkdokd hjzpf&jcif;onf oifwef;om;
jzpfjcif;aMumifhjzpfonf/ olwkd hocifESifhcJGcGgjyD;
aomtcg wGifrl &ifhusufvmMuaomaMumifh cav;tusifh
rsm;rawG h&awmhbJ vlBuD; uJhokdU ajymqkdMuonf/
owÅdvnf;&SdMuonf/ vltMuD;tuJrsm;ukdvnf;
raMumufawmhbJ jywfjywfom;om;&if qkdif&JMuonf/
xkd haMumifh0dnmOfa&;&müvnf; olwyg;xHü
oif,laevQif BuD;xGm; jcif;&Sdaomfvnf;
&ifhusufjcif;r&Sdedif/ BuD;xGm;vkdvQifoifwef;om;vkyfí
&ifhusufvkdvQifq&mvkyf&rnf/ wjyKdifwnf;BuD;xGm;
&ifhusufvkdvQif olwyg; xHwynfhcHí
tjcm;olrsm;ukdvnf;oifay;&rnf/ BuD; xGm;&ifhusuf aomol
onf vkyfief;atmifjrifedifonf/ jyoemukdvnf;ajz&Sif;edifonf/
olwyg;ukdvnf; wnf aqmufedifonf/
bk&m;\bkef;awmfvnf;xif&Sm;I vl rsm;ukd qGJaqmifedif
ODaqmifedifonf/
oifcef;pm (23) ar;cGef;rsm;
1/ 0dnmOfykdif;twGuf ekd honf -------------jzpfonf/
2?/ usrf;pmrzwfbJBuD;xGm;edifoavm ---------------/
3/ qkawmif;jcif;onf -------------- jzpfonf/
4/ rdó[m&zJG
hjcif;tb,faMumifhta&;BuD;oenf;/-----------------------
5/ tem;,ljcif;onf --------------- jzpfonf/
6/ 0dnmOfaeraumif;apjcif;onf --------------- jzpfonf/
&/tjypfonf0dnmOfBuD;xGm;rSkukd --------------- aponf/
8/ 0dnmOfykdif;BuD;xGm;&ifhusuf&ef ---------------
vkdonf/
9/ wynfhcHjcif;jzifh --------- íolwyg;ukd oifay;jcif;jzifh
-------- aponf/
10/ BuD;xGm;&ifhusufjcif;\tusKd;rsm;az:jyyg/
-----------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------------------

oifcef; pm (24)
,kHMunfolrsm;\ &efolrsm;
bk&m;ocif\aus;Zl;awmfaMumifhu,fwifjcif;okdh
a&muf&SdoGm;MujyD/ c&pf,meftoufwmvnf;avQmuf
vSrf;aejyD/ okd haomfxifrSwfoavmuf c&D;raygufa&mufbJ
taESmifht,Sufrsm;&Sdum toufwmü aysmf&Tif0rf;
ajrmufoifhoavmuf r0rf;ajrmuf/ vkyfaqmifoifho avmufrvkyf
aqmif edif/ xkdrQomru bk&m;w&m;bufü
pdwfr0ifpm;awmhbJ toufwm\ crf;ajcmufrSkukd
cHpm;edifonf/ xkdtcsdefwGif
tjcm;,kHMunfolrsm;ESifhvnf; rawG hcsif/ rdó[m&vnf;rzJG
hvkd? usrf;pmvnf;rzwf? qkvnf; rawmif;?
bk&m;ausmif;vnf;rwufcsif? wufvQifvnf; tm;&rSkr&Sd?
MowypdwfausbkdU avmufomwufonf/
xkdtcsif;t&mrsm;onf ,kHMunfolrsm;ütenf;
trsm;jzpfwwfaom t&mrsm;jzpfonf/ xkdokd
hjzpf&jcif;taMumif &if; rsm;onf ,kHMunfolrsm;ü &efol\
wkdufckdufjcif;cH& aomaMumifhjzpfonf/
&efolokH;rsKd;
,kHMunfolrsm;ü &efolokH;rsKd; &Sdonf/ ,if;wkd
hrSmpmwef rm&fewf? avmu ESifh Zmwdwkd hjzpfonf/
xkd&efolrsm; taMumif;ukd avhvmí rnfuJhokdU
awmfvSefwkdufckdufrnfukd avhvmMupkd h/
pmwefrm&fewf
yXrOD;pGm ,kHMunfolrsm;\ bkH&efoljzpfaom
pmwefrm&fewf
taMumif;ukdavhvmMupkdU/jrefrmpum;ykHü
ukvm;redif&ckdifrJ qkdovkd pmwefonf
bk&m;redifaomtcg bk&m;ocif\tcspfqkH;vlukd rJvmonf/
yXrOD;qkH;ol\zsufqD;jcif;tvkyfukd tm'HESifh{0 wkd
hxHüawG hedifonf/ olonf tm'H ESifh{0ukd
rowfedifaomfvnf; bk&m;ocifxHawmfrS vrf;vGJoGm&ef
vkyfaqmifcJhaMumif;awG h&onf/
pmwef\ &nf&G,fcsuf
ol\ t"du&nf&G,fcsufESifh tvkyfrSm vlom;rsm;ukd
bk&m;ocifxH ra&mufbkdU&ef
xm0&rD;tkdifxJokdUolESifhtwl qif;&JcHapjcif;iSm
zsm;a,mif; aoG;aqmifbkd hjzpfonf/
vlrsm;ukdbk&m;ocifxHrScGgjyD; bk&m;ocifESifha0;
edfiforQ a0;oGm;atmifvkyfaqmifvkdonf/ vlrsm;ukdzsuf
qD;vkdonf/ ocifa,&Sku-olckd;onf ckd;jcif;? owfjcif;?
zsufqD;jcif;iSgom
vmwwf\-[kqkdonf(a,m?10;10)/ þae&mü olckd;onf
pmwefukd qkdvkdjcif;jzpfonf/ pmwefonf
vlom;rsm;bk&m;ocifESihf qufoG,fí bk&m;ocif\
aumif;csD;ay;jcif;ukd rjrifvkd/ xkdUaMumifh u,fwifjcif;
okdUra&mufao;aomolrsm;ukd u,fwifjcif;taMumif;
Mum;&avatmif olwkdU\ em;rsm;ukd ydwfí olwkdU\
rsufpdrsm;udkvnf; zkH;xm;onf/
&Sifaygvku- xkdokdUr,kHMunfaomolwkdUrlum;
bk&m;ocif\ ykHo@mefawmfwnf;[laom c&pfawmf\
bkef;toa&ESifh jynfhpkHaom {0Ha*vdw&m;\
ta&mifonf tvif;ukd ray;apjcif;iSg þavmuukd
tpkd;&aombk&m;onf olwkdU\ OmPfrsufpdukd
uG,fap\-[kqkdonf(2aum?4;4)/
c&pfawmf\ {0Ha*vdw&m;onf vlrsm;ukd
u,fwifEkdifaom wefckd; &Sdonf(1aum?1;18)/ vlonf
xkdw&m;pum;ukd Mum;vQif u,fwifjcif;okdU
a&mufoGm;Ekdifonf/ xkdUaMumifhpmwefonf
wwfEkdiforQ vlrsm;ukd xkdowif; pum;ukd
rMum;Ekdifatmif olwkdU\ em;ukd ydwf?
rsufpdukdzkH;aponf/ xkdodkU vlrsm;udk rsufpdzkH;
em;ydwfbkdU&ef tokH;jyKaom vufeufrsm;rSm avmu
ypönf;rsm; wyfrufapjcif;? &mxl;*kPfxl;rsm;tm;jzifh
vSnfhzsm;jcif;? aysmfyGJ &TifyGJrsm;tm;jzifh
qGJaqmifjcif;? aiGukdwyfrufí aiGaemufwaumufaumuf
ygatmifvkdufapjcif;? vGJrSm;aom bmoma&;rsm;
qGJvrf;apjcif;? emrnfcH c&pf,mefb0ESifh auseyfapjcif;?
c&pfawmfESifh or®mw&m;xuf *kdPf;*Pukd
ykdít"duxm;apjcif;? EkdifiHa&;? vlrsdK;a&;? vlrIa&;?
ynma&;? ,Ofaus;rIrsm; vkdufpmjcif;tm;jzifh
bk&m;ocifxHrS a0;oGm;atmif qGJaqmifonf/ vrf;vGJ aponf/
u,fwifjcif;odkUa&mufNyD;aomolrsm;vnf; olUvufrS
vGwfoGm;aomf vnf; vufravsmhbJ bk&m;zufü
pdwftm;rBuD;Ekdif&efaomf4if;? tjcm;olrsm;
c&pfawmfxHokdU rqGJaqmifEkdif&ef tm;avsmhbkdU&ef
wwfEkdiforQ tm;xkwfvsuf taESmifht,Sufay;aeonf/
þtaMumif;t&mESifh ywfouf í a,mb\ toufwmü pmwef\
vkyfaqmifcsufukd awGUEkdif onf/ bk&m;ocifukd
,kHMunfí ajzmifhrwfjcif;ukd vkdufpm; aom a,mbu
kdzsufpD; bkdU&ef pmwefonf bk&m;ocifxHü awmif;qkd
cJhonf (a,mb?1)wrefawmf ayw&ktm;jzifhvnf;
ocifa,&Skonf aojcif;ukd a&SmifuGif;&ef tMuHay; cJhonf
(r?16;23)/ ocifa,&Sk ukd,fwkdifyifvQif &ufaygif;av;q,f
tpma&Smifí cE¨mukd,ftm;enf;csdefwGif okH;Budrf
tjypfvkyfbkd h aoG;aqmif cJhonf ( r?4)/ tu,fíocifa,&Sku
pmwef\ aoG; aqmifrSkukd rjiif;y,fedifcJhvQif olonf
pmwefvufatmufüusa&mufí vlom;rsm;ukd u,fwifedifrnf
r[kwfay/
pmwef\vlrsm;
,kHMunfolrsm;onfbk&m;om;rsm;jzpfouJhokd
hr,kHMunfolrsm;onf pmwef\om;rsm;jzpfMuonf?
ocifa,&Sku ,ckvlwkd htm; -oifwkdU onfoifwkd htb
wnf; [l aom rm&fewfrSqif;oufMu\- (a,m 8;44)
[kqkdcJhonf/ wrefawmfa,m[efuvnf;-igwkd honfbk&m;
ocif ESifhpyfqkdifonfukd4if;/ avmuDom;taygif;wkd
honf rm&fewf\ vufü &SdMuonfukd4if; igwkd
hodMu\= [kqkd onf (1 a,m? 5;19)/ xkd
haMumifh,kHMunfolrsm;onf
avmuDom;rsm;ESifhaygif;az:aomtcg or®m owd&Sdbkd
hvdkonf/ r,kHMunfolrsm;ESifhrnDaomxrf;bkd;ukd
rxrf;bkdU &Sifaygvkuowday;cJhonf (2 aum 6;14)/
xkdowday;csufukd *&krpkdufbJ r,kHMunfolrsm;ESifh
wGJaomolrsm;onf jyóemaygif;pkHawGUum 0dnmOf
a&;&mü usqif;í bk&m;zufü tm;enf;wwfMuonf/

pmweftoif;awmf
pmwefonfbk&m;ocifukdtjrJ wkdufckduftHwkcsif
onfhtwkdif; bk&m;vkyforQukdvkyfvkdonf/
bk&m;ocif\toif;awmf&SdouJhokdU olüvnf;
toif;awmf&Sdonf/ tpykdif;ü toif;awmfukd wwfediforQ
wkdufckduf
zsufpD;onf/ a&Smvkukdvnf;tokH;jyKí toif;awmfukd
zsufpD;cJhonf/ okdhaomftoif;awmfonf rysufpD;onfomru
ykdíykdí tm;BuD; vmaom tcg pmwefonfol\ enf;jAL[mudk
ajymif;vkdufonf/ tb,fokdh ajymif;oenf;[lrlum;?
toif;awmfukdrwkdufckdufawmhbJ toif;awmftxJrS
tvkyfvkyfonf/ toif;om;rsm;or®mw&m;vrf;rS vGJoGm;
atmifoGefoif onf/ xkd haMumifhrsm;pGmaom
toif;awmfrsm;onf tjyifyef;tm;jzifh
bk&m;ocif\toif;awmfrsm;[k xifrSwf&aomfvnf;twGif;ü
pmwef\ toif;awmfrsm;jzpfaeonf/
pmwef\toif;awmf[kwf r[kwfrnfuJhokd hodedif rnfenf;
[lrlum;? u,fwifjcif;taMumif;rajym?
ajymaomolukdvnf;rkef;í wm;qD;vQif pmwef\ toif;awmf
jzpfonf/ xkdokd haomtoif;awmfrsm;ü usrf;pmukd t"du
rxm;? vl hynm tawG;tac:rsm;ukd OD;pm;ay;um
a[majymMu onf/ bk&m;\tvkdawmfaqmifbkd hxuf
vlrSka&; ynma&; edifiHa&; vlrsKd;a&;
rsm;ukdOD;pm;ay;Muonf/ 0dnmOfa&;&mxuf
ukd,fum,ykdif;? aysmf&Gifbkdh OD;pm;ay; onf/
or®mw&m;a[majymaomolrsm;ukd rkef;onf/
xkdokdUaom toif;awmfrsm;onf [ef&Sdaomfvnf;
bk&m;ocif\todtrSwfjyKaom toif;awmfrsm;r[kwfacs/
pmwefusrf;pmausmif;
pmwefü toif;awmfomru
usrf;pmausmif;rsm;vnf;&Sdonf/ xkdusrf;pmausmif;rsm;ü
usrf;pm,kHMunfbkd hoifay;onfxuf oHo,&SdbkdU
oifay;onf/ usrf;pm xuf vl htawG;tac:rsm;ukdoifay;onf/
xkdusrf;pm ausmif;rsm;ü wufonfxuf
rwufvQifomíaumif;onf tb,fhaMumifh qkdaomf
,kHMunfjcif;ukdaysmufapí bk&m;ocifESifheD;aponfxuf
omí a0;aponf/

pmwef\ vufeufrsm;
pmwef\ t"duvufeufrSm vdrfvnfvSnfhzsm;rSkjzpfonf/
xkdvuf euf jzifhvlom;tm;vkH;\ rdcifjzpfaom {0ukd
zsufpD;cJhonf/ pmwef onf {0ukd aumif;raumif;
oduGsrf;&mtoD;ukdpm;ckdif;onfr[kwf/ okd haomfpm;csif
vmatmif vdrfvnfcJhonf/ {0onftb,faMumifh vdrfvnfrSkukd
cHoenf; [lrlum; bk&m;ocif\pum;ukd r,kHMunf
aomaMumifhjzpfonf/
pmwefonfvlwkdif;ukdvdrfvnfvSnfhzsm;onfomru
ocifa,&Sk ukdyifvSnfhzsm;cJhonf/ pmwefonf ocif
a,&Skukd tpmtm;jzifh 4if;? avmu
bkef;pnf;pdrftm;jzifh4if;? wefckd;jyí0gMuGm;bkd h&ef4if;
zsm;a,mif; cJhonf (róJ? 4;1-11)/ ocifa,&Skonf pmwef\
vSnfhzsm;rSkukd bk&m;ocif\ ESkwfuywf awmftm;jzifh
atmifjrifcJhonf/ xkd henf;wl ,kHMunfolrsm;vnf; bk&m;ocif\
ESkwfuywfawmfukd tav;teuf xm;um tokH;jyKbkd
hvkdonf/
pmwefukdatmifedifaomvufeuf
pmwefonftaoG;tom;&Sdonfr[kwf/ xkdaMumifh
taoG;tom; vufeufrsm;jzifh wkdufckdufír&acs/ &Sifaygvku-
nDtpfukdwkd h ocifbk&m; tm;jzifh4if;?
wefckd;awmf t&Sdeftm;jzifh4if;? ckdifcef hjcif;
&SdMuavmh/ rm&fewf\y&d,m,fwkd hukd
qD;wm;edifrnfhtaMumif; bk&m;ocifjyif
qifawmfrlaom vufeufpkHwkdUukd 0wfaqmif
Muavmh/ t aMumif;rlum; igwkd honf taoG;tom;
&Sdaom &efolwkdUESifh qkdifjyKdif
wkdufvSefMuonf r[kwf/ txG#ftjrwfwkd hESifh4if;?
tmPmpufwkd hESifh 4if;? avmuDarSmifrkdufü
tpkd;w& jyKvkyfaom rif;wkd hESifh4if;?
rkdCf;aumif;uifüaeaom ewfqkd; wkdUESifh4if;?
qkdifjydKifwkduf vSef &Muonf-[kqkdonf ({zuf 6;10-
12)/ xkdokdUpmwefonf Zmwd vufeufjzifh
wkdufír&aMumif; odjcif;onf atmifjrifjcif;\tp
jzpfonf/pnf;urf;&Sdjcif;? pnf;vkH; nDnGwfjcif;?
BudK;pm;tm;xkwfjcif; ukd,fum, cGeftm;pkdufxkwfjcif;?
aiGaus;tokH;jyKjcif;? ynmukd tokH;jyKjcif;wkd honf
aumif;aomfvnf; xkdt&m rsm;jzifh pmwefukd redifedifyg/
xkdaMumifhbk&m; jyifqifay;aom vufeufrsm;ukd
tokH;jyK&rnf/

bk&m;jyifqifay;aomvufeufrsm;
bk&m;ocifonfol\om;orD;rsm;twGuf atmufygvufeuf
rsm;ukd wyfqifay;onf? xkdvufeufrsm;ukdt okH;jyK&rnf/
opöm (or®mw&m;) wnf;[laom cg;yef;
cg;yef;onfcg;ukd wif;usyfaponf/ xkd htjyif"g; ukdvnf;
cgyef;ücsdwf xm;&onf/ ppfom;wa,muf\ vkdtyfaom vufeuf
wckjzpfonf/ xkdUenf;wl ,kHMunfol\ opömwnf;[laom
or®mw&m; rodr&SdvQif pmwef\ tvG,fwul
atmifedifjcif;ukd cH&rSmjzpfonf/
ajzmifhrwfjcif;yg&rDwnf;[laom &iftkyfwefqm
&iftkyfwefqmonf&efolxkd;rnfhckwfrnfht&mukd
umxm;onf/ &iftkyfonf&efol\ t"duypfrSwfjzpfonf/
&iftkyfrumxm;ygu &efol twGuftuGufaumif;jzpfonf/ xkd
henf;wl ,kHMunfolwa,muf bk&m; ay;xm;aom
ajzmifhrwfjcif;ESifh oef h&Sif;aom 0dnmOfawmftkyfpkd;
jcif;tm;jzifh &&Sdaom ajzmifhrwfjcif;r&Sdygu
&efolvufxJü&IH;&efvG,fulonf/
jidrfoufjcif;ESifh,SOfaom {0Ha*vdw&m;ukd
a[majymtHhaomiSg jyifqifaom tjzpfwnf;[laom
ajcpGyf
ajcpGyfonfvrf;avQmufbkd h&ef tvGefta&;BuD;onf/
ajcpGyf r&SdygurnfokdhrQ&efolukd wkdufckdufedifrnf
r[kwf/ xkdt&monf {0Ha*vd w&m;ukd a[majymbkd h&ef
tqifoifh &Sdjcif;ukdqkddkvkdonf/ {0Ha*vdw&m;ukd
ae&mra&G; tcdsefra&G; ajymedif&rnf/
rm&fewfypfcwfaom rD;pufvufeufukd
umowfedifaom ,kHMunf jcif;wnf;[laom vTm;
vTm;onf&efolUxm;?
vSHrsm;tm;vkH;ukdumuG,faomt&m jzpfonf/
xkdenf;wl&efolwnf;[laompmwefypfcwfaom
rD;pufvufeufrsm; wnf;[laom pmwefom;orD;rsm;\
a0zefjcif;? tjypfwifjcif;? txiftjrifao;jcif;rsm;ukd
bk&m;ociftay: ,kHMunfjcif;tm;jzifh atmifjrifedifonf/
u,fwifjcif;wnf;[laom oHcarmufvkH;
oHcarmufvkH;onf OD;acgif;vkHjcKHa&;twGuf t
vGefta&; BuD;onf/ xkdenf;wl bk&m;ay;xm;aom
u,fwifjcif;r&SdvQif rnfokd hrQ pmwefukd
wkdufckdufedifrnfr[kwf/ þu,fwifjcif;onf ae hpOftouf wmü
bk&m; ocif\uG,fumrprSkvnf;qkdvkdonf/
bk&m;oif\ESkwfuywfawmfwnf;[laom
0dnmOfawmfxm;
az:jycJhjyD;aomvufeufrsm;onf cHppfvufeuf
rsm;jzpfonf/ xkdvufeufrsm;onf tvGefta&;BuD;aomfvnf;
&efolukdxkdvufeufrsm; tm;jzifh
rwkdufckdufedifaomaBumifh &efolonf aBumufvef
hvdrfhrnfr[kwf/ okd hjzpfí&efolukd wkdufckdufbkd h&ef
0dnmOfawmf xm;wnf;[laom ESkwfuywf
awmfukdtokH;jyK&rnf/ pmwefESifhol\ vlrsm;onf vl\tawG;
tac:? tajymaumif;jcif;rsm;ukd rrSkacs/ bk&m; ocif\
ESkwfxGufpum; rsm;ukdom aMumuf&GH honf/
taMumif;rSm ESkwfuywfawmfonf oefvsufwumwkd hxuf
xuf onf (a[jAJ 4;12)/ xkd h aMumifh ESkwfuywf awmfukd
tvGwfusuf&rnf/ aumif;pGm t"dyÜg,f em;vnfítokH;jyK&rnf/

oifcef;pm (24) ar;cGef;rsm;

1/ ,kHMunfolrsm;ü &efolb,fESpfrsKd;&Sdoenf;/ tm;vkH;


az:jyyg/
-----------------------------------------------------------------
2/ pmwef\
&nf&G,fcsufonftb,ft&menf;/----------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------
3/ pmwefonfu,fwifjcif;okd
hra&mufaomolrsm;\-------------rsm;ukd
---------------íolwkdY\------------
rsm;ukdvnf;---------------------------xm;onf/
4/ vlrsm;u,fwifjcif;okd hra&mufedifatmif tokH;jyKaom
pmwef\ vufeufrsm;ukd
az:jyyg/----------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------
5/
tb,faMumifhpmwefonf,kHMunfolrsm;ukdaESmuf,Suf
oenf;/
-----------------------------------------------------------------
6/ pmwef\vlrsm;onfrnfolrsm;enf;/------------------------------
&/ pmwef\ toif;awmfrsm;ukdrnfuJhokd hodedifoenf;/
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/ pmwef\usrf;pmausmif;rsm;ürnfonfht&mrsm;oifoenf;/
----------------xkdausmif;rsm;üwufvkdygovm;/------------
-----
9/ pmwef\vufeufonftb,ft&menf;/------------------------
10/ pmwefukdtb,faMumifhtaoG;tom;vufeufjzifh
redifedifoenf;/
-----------------------------------------------------------------
11/ ocifa,&Skonf
----------------------tm;jzifhpmwefukdedifonf/
12/ bk&m;jyifqifay;aomvufeufrsm;ukd az:jyyg/
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------

trSmpm

þoifcef;pm rsm;ukda&;&aom
tcGifhESifhxkwfa0&aomtcGifhukd ay;oem; awmfrlaom
tbbk&m;ocif\ aus;Zl;awmfukdcsDrGrf;ygonf/
þoifcef;pmrsm;ajzqkd&mwGif
jyD;pvG,frajzbJtouf&bkd h&ef ajzapcsifygonf/
oifcef;pmrsm;ukdaocsmpGm zwfjyD;rSar;cGef;rsm;ukd
ajzap csifonfff/
qkawmif;jyD;rSajzapcsifygonf/ em;vnfonfomru
toufwm\ xm0&touf&&SdaMumif; pdwfcsaocsmrSom
tusKd;&dSrSmjzpfonf/
tajzvTmrsm;ukd oD;oef hpm&Gufjzifhajzqkdum
atmufyg vdyfpmokdU ay;ykd hapvkdygonf/
oifcef;pmtm;vkH;jyD;pD;oGm;aomtcg oifwef;
qif;vufrSwfay;ykd hygrnf/ toufwmü tusKd;cHpm;&ygu
aemufxyf þuJhokd hxkwfvkyffjzef ha0edif&ef rdrd
aumif;MuD;cHpm; onftwkdif; tvSLaiGrsm; ay;ykd
hedifygonf/ pdwfxJü bk&m;trSkawmfjrwfMuD;aqmif&Gufí
aysmufqkH; aom 0dnmOfrsm; u,fwifjcif;okd
ha&mufapvkdrSomvQifay;vSLyg/ bk&m;&Sif
aumif;BuD;ay;ygap/

qufoG,frnfhvdyfpm
Rev. apm0if;vGif
toif;csKyfpmayaumfrDwD
jrefrmEdkifiHowif;aumif;ESpfjcif;toif;awmf?
toif;csKyf? &efukefNrdKU?

rmwdum
taMumif;t&m pmrsufESm
oifcef;pm (1) bk&m;ocif\ tvkdawmf -------------- 1
oifcef;pm (2) xm0&bk&m;w&m;olBuD;----------------
5
oifcef;pm (3) eH0dnmOfjzifhukd;uG,fjcif;-----------------
9
oifcef;pm (4) tjypftaMumif;------------------------ 14
oifcef;pm (5) usL;vGefaomtjypf--------------------- 20
oifcef;pm (6) rdef;rtrsKd;ESifhajrGtrsKd;------------------
26
oifcef;pm (&) pmwefom;orD;rsm;---------------------
30
oifcef;pm (8) wd&pämefESifhykd;rTm;------------------------
35
oifcef;pm (9) jynfhwefqmezl;------------------------ 39
oifcef;pm (10) ukd,fcE¨m?pdwf?0dnmOf------------------
44
oifcef;pm (11) ynwfawmf--------------------------- 50
oifcef;pm (12) vlrwwfedif--------------------------- 54
oifcef;pm (13) bk&m;ocif\u,fwifjcif;------------ 58
oifcef;pm (14) taoG;tm;jzifhtjypfvTwfjcif;--------- 63
oifcef;pm (15) taoG;awmf\vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;----- 69
oifcef;pm (16) ukd,fpm;cHjcif;------------------------- 74
oifcef;pm (1&) vla[mif;aojcif;--------------------- 78
oifcef;pm (18) c&pfawmfaMumifhcHpm;&aomt&m-----
83
oifcef;pm (19) u,fwifjcif;pdwfcsrI------------------ 87
oifcef;pm (20) c&pf,mefESpfrsKd;----------------------
90
oifcef;pm (21) &yfwnfcsufESifhvkyfaqmifcsuf--------
95
oifcef;pm (22) BuD;xGm;jcif;ESifh&ifhusufjcif;------------
100
oifcef;pm (23) BuD;xGm;&ifhusufenf;------------------
104
oifcef;pm (24) ,kHBunfolrsm;\&efolrsm;-------------
109