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Norsk Grammatikk Wide

Norsk Grammatikk Wide

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Published by Midhat Krilic

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Published by: Midhat Krilic on Mar 03, 2010
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07/05/2013

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A definite pronoun may function as a noun phrase by itself, but other elements,
such as quantifiers and adjectives may come before or after it. These definite
pronouns may be followed by prepositional phrases and clauses.

(1)a. Har du sett denne?
have you seen this
‘Have you seen this?’

(1)b. Alle vi tre er like tapre som Jomsvikingene.
all we three are as brave as Jomsvikings.the
‘All three of us are as brave as the Jomsvikings.’

(1)c. Han som tok prisen bør få æren.
he who took prize.the should get honour.the
‘He who received the prize should be honoured.’

(1)d. Vi fra Tromsø drikker ofte mack-øl.
we from Tromsø drink often Mack- beer
‘We who are from Tromsø often drink Mack beer.’

In Norwegian the so-called proximal demonstratives (det/den ‘that,’ de ‘those’)
are identical in form to the preadjectival definite article, and are also identical in
form to pronouns. Thus, when a noun phrase consists only of a word like den, it
could be understood to mean ‘it’ (pronoun) or ‘that’ (demonstrative). When it is
followed by an adjective as in den første, it is more natural to gloss it in English
as ‘the’ (here, ‘the first’), but in English this often requires that ‘one’ be inserted:
den grønne ‘the green one.’ Note also that Norwegian uses the definite pronoun
den to refer to humans, in examples like the following:

(1)e. Den som kommer først i mål, får en fin premie.
that who comes first in goal gets a nice prize
‘He who wins, gets a nice prize.’

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