Defoe’s novel—the first of its kind in British literature—molded itself after the maritime journals/ diaries of the 17th

and 18th century. The popularity of these journals was an expanding domination of British sea power, which had usurped the Dutch (who had on their own experienced a very similar vivification of the narrative arts in its Golden Age of painting). Secondly, there is also the enormous influence of Enlightenment thinking on the production of these sea literatures. However, rather than actually displacing spirituality (as Carl Becker points out in The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth Century), the rise of the rationality and science coincided also with the advent of capitalism, which, as Max Weber notes, functions through a Protestant/Puritan ethic that is so prominently represented in Robinson Crusoe. Finally, the expansion of the island suggests a future departure of the novel away from what Seymour Chatman calls “kernels” to “satellites”—a precipitous trend in the 19th century with the growing regularity of private life.