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EDSA 1 • Epifanio de los Santos Avenue • The People Power Revolution (also known as the EDSA Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986) • began in 1983 and culminated on February 22–25, 1986 • Cardinal Jaime Sin, the Archbishop of Manila and the CBCP President Cardinal Ricardo Vidal, the Archbishop of Cebu. • EDSA Shrine o • • • • Also known as Shrine of Mary, Queen of Peace, Our Lady of EDSA People Power Monument o is a sculpture of towering people commemorating the People Power Martial law/Batas Militar o is a unique power state that usually enforced a momentary government when it did not properly management using its civilian power o martial law declare September 21,1972 Martial Law Implementation o strengthening the rebel groups *NPA (New People's Army) * MILF(Moro Islamic Liberation Front o Always have a rally o Bombing Plaza Miranda o Suspension of Writ of Hebeas Corpus Effects of Martial Law o Having a Curfew starting 12 in the mid night to 4 in the morning o prohibition to rally and strike controlling the media by the government (Radio, Newspaper, TV) o Prohibition on moving to other country without permission o Ban to declare any objection to government • Changes to the Constitution o On November 30,1972 ,Congress declared the formation of the new constitution. It was adopted in a referendum by the Citizens Assembly on January 17, 1973. Called Constitution 1972 • Agosto 21, 1983 o Killed the enemy of government Marcos, former senator Benigno "Ninoy” Aquino Jr. Blamed the murder on the rebellions groups but many believe that it was perpetrated by the government. • Snap Election o During the snap presidential election. Run again as president Marcos with Arthur Tolentino as vice president. And also Corazon Aquino run in a presidential position with Laurel Salva •Civil Disobedience o The official number of COMELEC, come out winner are Marcos and Tolentino Election. But this is not accepted by the supporters of Aquino and Laurel. Corazon Aquino called on the Philippine government's Civil Disobedience against Marcos •EDSA People Power Revolution o EDSA Revolution was triggered by the Leaving Defense Minister Fidel Ponce Enrile and Gen. Fidel Ramos in the administration Marcos Febrauary 22, 1986. Were called for the o abandonment of position of President Marcos •Return of Democracy o After leaving of Marcos, Promised as the president Corazon C. Aquino on February 25, 1986. It was the beginning of the return of democracy to the Philippines -Ray Mart Aviso