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Planetary Orbits

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Dimitri Deliyiannis

Physics Department,

Aristotle University

of Thessaloniki.

email: deliyiannis@yahoo.gr

(Dated: July 13, 2015)

the gravitational field, which is produced, by the sun of

mass M . The planet moves in a plane (x,y) around the

sun which is at the origin (0,0). If (r,) are the polar

coordinates of the planet, then from the Newtons second

law we obtain

the sidereal period of the last revolution of the planet at

time t = 0, then the sidereal period of the last revolution

at time t is T T0 (1 + 5t) and therefore the increment,

of the sidereal period of the planet, after time t will be

GM

m

r r2 + r = 2

m

r

2

2

mr = m0 r0 0 = P = constant

T = T0 5t

by assuming that the orbit of the planet is circular. In

this case equations (1) apply as

GM

r2

2

mr = m0 r02 0

r2 =

(2)

solve (2) with respect to r and to obtain

r r0 (1 + 3t)

0 (1 5t)

Now lets apply the equations (4) and (5) in the case

of the Sun-Earth system.

Data for the orbit of Earth:

Average distance from the Sun r0 = 149, 597, 870Km.

Sidereal period T0 = 1year.

Using the value of , which is = (1.69 0.05)

1018 sec1 and the data for the orbit of Earth, we obtain

via equations (4) and (5) the following results:

1) The increment of the average distance Earth-Sun is

r = (23.94 0.71)meters/year

(3)

2) The increment of the sidereal period is

the sun, then the increment of this distance will be

r = r0 3t

(5)

(1)

(4)

T = (8.42 0.24)milliseconds/year

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