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Unit 3: Systems

File 3.1.5: Ohms Law and Basic Circuits Worksheet

Electrical and electronic technologies utilize Ohms law to explain the relationship between

voltage, current, and resistance. The formula for Ohms Law is represented below:

V = voltage (units=volts)

Ohms Law = V = I x R

I = current (units=amps)

R = resistance (units=ohms)

Practice

Using Ohms Law, solve the following problems. Be sure to show your work.

1. A nine-volt battery supplies power to a cordless blow dryer with a resistance of 18

ohms. How much current is flowing through the blow dryer?

I=0.5

2. A 110-volt wall outlet supplies power to a black light with a resistance of 4400 ohms.

How much current is flowing through the black light?

I=0.025

Designers and engineers use Ohms Law to determine the specific electrical and electronic

components needed in a circuit, depending on the desired purpose. Basic circuits contain

four parts (Figure 1): power source, conductor, control, and load (output).

Figure 1

Power Source

Conductor

Load (output)

Control

Series and parallel circuits are the common types of circuits. See Figure 2 for images of both

series and parallel circuits.

Figure 2

2012 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association

Foundations of

Technology, Third Edition/

Technology, Engineering, and Design

Series Circuit

Parallel Circuit

3. Compare and contrast the images above using the Venn diagram below. What is

similar, what is different?

Two or more

pathways

One Pathway

pathways adds up

again

Series

Voltage shared in

ratio to resistance

Parallel

Converts electrical

energy to light,

heat, sound etc.

circuit incomplete

Voltage across

each pathway

equals supply

voltage

One bulb fuses,

other still go

Application

4. What do you think would happen if a light burns out in a series circuit?

All of the lights would go off.

5. What do you think would happen if a light burns out in a parallel circuit?

2012 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association

Foundations of

Technology, Third Edition/

Technology, Engineering, and Design

3

The other lights would not go off.

6. What might you use as a load (output) for your Rube Goldberg device? Include the

purpose of the output in your description.

7. Would a series or parallel circuit be needed to turn on the output from question 4?

Draw a sketch of a possible circuit.

Foundations of

Technology, Third Edition/

Technology, Engineering, and Design

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