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Grand Ayatollah

Grand Ayatollah

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Published by: allwin2002au on Mar 04, 2010
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01/19/2013

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First – that it is muba>h} or permissible to use. In other words it should

be:

Non-usurped

For if one performs his s}ala>h in a usurped place, his s}ala>h is ba>t}il

(void), even if one performs the s}ala>h on a carpet, bench, and

suchlike [in that place].

a) There is no objection to the s}ala>h performed under a usurped

roof, or a usurped tent, if this is not considered in common

customs (‘urf) as handling a usurped item.

b) If one performs the s}ala>h in a place where he does not know it

to be usurped, but learns it to be after completing the s}ala>h, or

if one performs the s}ala>h in a place where he had forgotten

about it being usurped, but remembers it after finishing the

s}ala>h, his s}ala>h is valid.

c) If the owner of the place verbally gives his consent and

permission to s}ala>h [to be performed] in his property, but one

learns from some indications that the owner is not inclined to

this wholeheartedly, his s}ala>h would be ba>t}il (void) in that

property. On the other hand, if the owner does not give his

permission [verbally] but one is certain of his consent at heart,

his s}ala>h in that property is valid.

d) If one sits in a place in a mosque and someone else usurps his

place and performs s}ala>h in it, [the validity of] his s}ala>h is

questionable.

To have given the legal dues

If one buys a property with the very money that has not been

subjected to khums or zaka>h, one’s handling of that place would

Acts of Worship

132

be h}ara>m and [the validity of] his s}ala>h in that place would

questionable.

It is h}ara>m to handle/deal with a property whose owner has died,

and who is liable to khums and zaka>h that he has not paid. Also

[the validity of] the s}ala>h in such a property is questionable.

However, if the dues are paid, or the heirs guarantee that they will

pay the dues, then there is no objection to the s}ala>h performed in

that place.

It is h}ara>m to deal with a property whose owner has died but still

owes others [money]. Also [the validity of] the s}ala>h in such a

property is questionable. However, if they guarantee to pay his

debts, and his claimants, or heir, or the legal authority [h}a>kim

shar‘] give their permission, then there is no objection to that and

performing s}ala>h is permissible in that place.

Second – to be stationary

If one is compelled to perform s}ala>h in a moving place – on account of

lack of time or for any other reason – such as performing s}ala>h in a car,

train, aircraft, it is mandatory not to perform s}ala>h while [the vehicle is]

moving, if possible, and if it is diverted from the direction of the Qiblah

one must revert to the Qiblah direction.

Third – to be able to complete the s}ala>h in the place

It is not permissible to begin the s}ala>h in places where one is not certain

one would be able to complete the s}ala>h there on account of rain, crowd,

or wind. However, if one is nor certain of that, or there is a probability

that he could complete the s}ala>h, it is permissible to begin the s}ala>h

there, and if the s}ala>h is completed it is valid.

Fourth – that staying in the place is not h}ara>m, for example performing

s}ala>h under a roof that is about to collapse.

Fifth – that standing or sitting on it is not h}ara>m for him, such as a

carpet that has the name of Almighty Allah inscribed on it.

S{ala>h

133

Sixth – that he is able to perform the rukoo‘ and sujood and stand

upright in the place.

The place should not be of a low ceiling such that it is not possible for

him stand upright under it, and it should not be so small that it is not

possible to perform the rukoo‘ and sujood. However, if one is

compelled to perform the s}ala>h in such a place, he should carry out the

rukoo‘, sujood, and standing up in the best he can.

Seventh – he should not perform the s}ala>h ahead of or inline with the

grave of the ma‘s}oom, peace be upon them.

One should not pray ahead of the tomb of the Prophet, peace be upon

him and his pure family, and the Imams, peace be upon them, and also

should not perform the s}ala>h inline with them, as per obligatory

precaution.

Eight – that the place is not najis such that its moisture would seep to

his body or garment.

The s}ala>h is rendered ba>t}il if the place of sujood (prostration) of the

forehead is najis, even if it is dry. As per mostah}ab precaution the place

where the mos}alli performs the s}ala>h should not be najis at all.

Ninth – that the place of sujood (prostration) of the forehead is not

higher or lower than the level of the knees and toes by more than the

breadth of four joint fingers.

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