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Disaster Management Personal Protective Equipment

Disaster Management Personal Protective Equipment

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Published by: Vishal on Mar 05, 2010
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05/19/2012

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TRAINING ON - USE & STANDARD OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

WEL - COME

LET US MAKE SAFETY - THE WAY OF LIFE.
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PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
INTRODUCTION: The first line of defense is to eliminate accident causing situations at the workplace by effective engineering control measures. The Personnel Protective Equipment is a second line of defense for employee protection. PPE does not and cannot eliminate hazards at work. As a barrier between the hazard and worker, PPE can help eliminate the injury or reduce its severity. PPE should confirm to applicable IS standards or codes of practices and good engineering practices. The principal requirements of PPE are: To safeguard a person from the identified hazard to which he is exposed. To afford reasonable comfort. To permit natural movement to the user to have efficient job performance. Should be easy for cleaning and maintenance.
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HEAD PROTECTION
Classification:

The personal protective equipment are classified into two categories: Non-respiratory PPE Respiratory PPE NON RESPIRATORY PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT: HEAD PROTECTION:

High density HDPE cross ribbed shell. Replaceable cotton headgear and chin strap makes it economical . Additional lamp bracket attachments can be given . IS-2925 and DGMS approved and marked .

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HEAD PROTECTION
The SAFETY HELMET should withstand the impact of a plumb ball of 500 GMS weight with conical steel point having an included angle of 36 Deg. Or a spherical point radius of not more than 0.5 mm dropped from a height of 3 Mtr. with pointed end downwards on or suffering failure of any integral part. The helmet should be right size hence adjust the fittings correctly and comfortably. Straps should not be too tight. Wear the helmet straight not tilled on the head. Do not keep any packets, cards. Papers inside your hard hat. Check regularly for cracks, dents and signs of wear and for loose or broken straps. Protect the helmets from exposure to heat or chemical as much as possible. Remove dirt and moisture after use. Clean it at least once in a month by using cleanser and warm water. Do not carelessly drop the helmet. Keep it in the proper storage place.
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EYE PROTECTION
EYE PROTECTION

Eyes are our windows to the world, the best means of direct and instant communication that the body with the environment. Eyes are precious, vital part of our body. HAZARDS: There are broadly 2 types of hazards associated with eye injury they are: 1. Mechanical hazard. 2. Chemical hazard. MECHANICAL:In machining, grinding, chipping, cutting, handling molten metals, there is great risk of flying practices, dust, chips, sparks and molten metal splashes getting into the eyes and injuring them. CHEMICAL:Handling of chemicals in laboratories AND plants, through pipelines, storage have the threat of chemical splash's, fumes, dust and burns. In such risk situation appropriate eye protection is must.
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EYE PROTECTION.
CHEMICAL SPLASH GOGGLE Protects against hazardous liquids , chemicals & dust. Meets ANSI-Z-87-1-1989 standard and UK BS 2092. FACE GUARD
Face Guard for combine comfort , protection and low cost for an unbeatable value (confirms to IS8521)

Crown protector gives extra protection , confirms to IS-8521. Meets International Standards.
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EYE PROTECTION
EYE PROTECTORS WITH CLASSIFICATION TYPE CHARACTERISTICS PROTECTIVE AGAINST 1. Spectacle type Goggle - Plain shatters proof, toughened - Flying particles. ( both side mesh ) glass or plastic lenses. - With or without side shield - Metal or heat resistant frame 2. Punk goggle - Light in weight, non fogging - Dust, splashes of liquids cellulose clear vision like acid , alkali, solvent. - Ventilation holes on either side. - Soft plastic frame 3. Chemical goggles - Acids / Alkali – resistant rubber - Chemical - acid , alkali, frame with clear lenses & and solvent. shielded ventilating ports. 4. Welding goggles - Similar to panorama goggles - Gas welding / with filter glass of suitable cutting flames & sparks. grade & direct ventilation ports. 5. Welding Shields - Fibers or fiberglass shield, - Arc welding or hand / held or suspended from cutting flames & sparks. helmet with window for filter glass
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HAND PROTECTION
HAND PROTECTION We use them constantly for so many diverse jobs. Our hands and fingers are set of amazingly dexterous tools with the strength to grasp, grip lift, push, pull, twist and hold things. They are sensitive to touch respond to pressure, temperature and pain have the flexibility and co-ordination to perform highly complicated and intricate jobs. INJURIES: The injury to hands involve minor and major cuts, fractures, crush by heavy loads, puncture wounds by sharp objects, chemicals or thermal burns, dermatitis. HAZARDS: Mechanical: Rotating / revolving machineries, cutting, grinding operation. The most vulnerable area is point of operation. Rotating gears, shafts, flywheels, belts, pulleys etc can also trap the hands of the unwary. ENVIRONMENTAL: Contact with hot objects, molten metal, liquids, acids, chemicals and corrosive can cause injury to our hand. CONTACT: Contact with irritating substances is a common problem. Inflammation of skin, dermatitis the principal injuries to the skin.
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HAND PROTECTION
HAND PROTECTION

•Made from superior PVC. •Inside Cotton reinforcement for better grip and larger life . •Concentrated chemical resistant .

DISPOSABLE Used for packing, printing and general use. NITRILE DIP HAND GLOVES CE Approved (IS-4770. ) Chemical resistant
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HAND PROTECTION
SELECTION OF HAND PROTECTORS: The four criteria shall be considered. Type of Job /Specific hazard / Proper fit/comfort / Proper design TYPE 1. Leather Gloves CHARACTERISTIC Plain cut resistant leather with or without metal mesh at palm. Rubber Neoprene Made of insulated rubber having required dielectric strength & electrical resistance. Generally red in colour. PROTECTION AGAINST Cuts / abrasions during handling of metal sheets sharp edged objects and sparks. Corrosive chemicals, All Solvent Can be available for protection against 11 kV, 33 kV works.

2. Acid / Alkali proof rubber gloves 3. Nitrile hand gloves 4. Electrical gloves

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FOOT PROTECTION
FOOT PRETECTION
In the process they are exposed to various hazards and unfortunately are often injured. HAZARDS: Mechanical: Struck by falling / rolling or flying objects. Chemical: Contact with acids, alkalis and other chemicals. Heat: Exposure to CORROSIVE CHEMICALS, SOLVENT splashes or fire. Fungal: Prolong exposure to water. Slipping: Slipping on wet or oily surfaces. For general use for foot protection safety shoes are used. They are available in full size and half size they can give protection against acid, alkalies i.e. corrosive chemicals & petrochemical ( all solvent). Secondly the safety shoes with steel toe are used for protection against mechanical, chemical and slipping hazard.
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SKIN PROTECTION
SKIN PROTECTION

The skin is body’s first line of defense. It is role is vital in body functions. Protection of skin against all hazards (both at home and at work) is important. HAZARDS: Physical: Pressure, heats, cold. Chemicals: Acids, Alkali , Hydrocarbons, oils , tars, etc.
SKIN / BODY PROTECTORS TYPE 1. Disposable apron 2. Fire suit 3. PVC apron - pressure suit PROTECTION AGAINST Working in clean room for body protection. Heat radiation / flame, fire. Chemical splashes like acids, alkalies, hot / cold solvents. (Hazardous chemicals.)

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PVC FULL BACK OPEN APRON
PVC FULL BACK OPEN APRON USED FOR AGAINST SPLASH OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICLAS LIKE CORROSIVE, HOT SOLVENT HANDLING ACTIVITY. THIS GIVES US PROTECTION FOR FULL BODY.

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FIRE SUIT
•Made from aluminized glass fibre cloth with vapour / heat resistance lining . •Stitched with “KEVLAR” thread consists of hood , visor and helmet . •Cover with or without BA set pouch . •Shoes with oil and heat resistant sole. •Gloves with insulation . •The aluminized fabric is tested to BS-3119,BS-3120,BS-5438 and Federal standard 191/59032. •The suit tested to 135.3191 (IS7612) Shivaji and approved by Indian Navy.
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PRESSURE / PVC SUIT
Soft and durable “TOYLAMNIA” grade PVC resistant to peeling, cracking and tearing , also acid and alkali resistant. Hood has a replaceable head gear and replaceable extra large visor air breather at back with flap. Complete suit in high frequency welded . Special air breather at back and arm with flap gives protection and air circulation . Specially “Bat Wing” style cut with loose fitting for movement and comfort.
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RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION

The respiratory system consisting of some vital organs of the body is the very core of human being. If it collapses, life itself is extinguished. Hence proper protection against the hazards is to be applied. The hazards can be classified as, 1)Oxygen deficiency: Due to decay of organic matter. Due to other chemical reaction In confined space due to traces of chemicals. A person breathing air with O2 content of 16% less may show symptoms of Increase rate of breathing. Acceleration of pulse rate Unconsciousness. 2)Gases & Vapour contaminants Toxic– May produce harmful effect.Would endanger life of a person Contaminants: (Dust, fumes, mist, fogs) e.g. liquid or vapour.
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RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
GAS MASK
•Countifit gas mask made of soft chemical resistant rubber . •Five point spider hardness. •Roller buckle avoids hair entangles, efficient speech diaphragm and exhaust valve. •Replaceable panoramic visor. •Flexible corrugated hose and Jumbo chin canister. •Used for toxic , poisonous gases and vapours . •As per IS-8523. •CLI Approved.

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RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
TYPES OF RESPIRATORY PROTECTORS A. .Air supplied respiratory protectors:1)Fresh air mask: It consists of a full face mask and a corrugated tube connected to compressor or blower. It has a wide application while handling any chemicals or in any emergency. Care is to be taken that the nonreturn valves (NRV) of the mask are in operating condition.
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SCBA - SELF CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS.
2)Self-contained breathing apparatus: In this, air is admitted to face piece through a two stage pressure reducing mechanism and accordingly air supply is regulated. The exhaled air passes through a non-return valve to atmosphere. This apparatus has a wide application in handling emergencies like Bromine leakage, Hazardous spillage of chemicals etc. The operation procedures are demonstrated to the employees
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RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
B.Air Purifying Respiratory Protectors:
1) Gas mask: It consists of appropriate chemical canister a face piece, breathing tube and canister harness to hold the canister in place on the body of wearer. Chemical in the canister absorbs or neutralizes the containment present in the air. Canister is designed for specific containment and colour coding of canister is done as per IS-8522. Do not use in atmosphere containing less than 17 % oxygen by volume or highly toxic atmosphere or confined space.

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DUST MASK
2) Dust mask: It covers nose and mouth of the wearer and had a filter which filter dust and allows dust free breathing air to the wearer. It is commonly used.
The selection of respiratory protectors depends upon nature of hazard, severity of hazard, type of containment, concentration of containment, location of contaminated area, activity of wearer, operating characteristics and limitations of breathing apparatus itself.

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CHEMICAL SPLASH PROTECTION

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EAR PROTECTION
PU FOAM-FIT™
•Unique closed cell polyester foam. •Smooth tapered surface similar to ear canal for comfort fit. •Bright colour makes compliance check easier . •Swells slowly to fit individual ear canal . •Corded to keep ear plugs together, can be hung around neck when not in use.

Noise Reduction Rating 29 DECIBELS (when used as directed )

Tested and approved to IS6229/ NPL No. : 258 / 11 / 101/ 35 / 1673 / 85 .
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Safety Information
WIND SOCK indicates Hazardous Wind Changes

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