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What successful What successful Cost Cost Estimators Estimators know….and know….and you should, you should, too. too.

What successful

What

successful Cost

Cost Estimators

Estimators know….and

know….and

you should,

you

should, too.

too.

What successful What successful Cost Cost Estimators Estimators know….and know….and you should, you should, too. too.

ELEMENTAL

COST

ANALYSIS

(ECA)

Prepared by:

Prepared

by:

Assoc. Prof.

Assoc.

Prof. Sr

Sr Dr.

Dr. Mastura

Mastura Jaafar

Jaafar

As a systematic breakdown of the
As
a
systematic
breakdown
of
the

cost of a building to

a Client into various building/construction

elements

in

terms

which

are

meaningful

to

both

Client

and

the

members

of

the

Design Team. (ISM)

As a systematic breakdown of the cost of a building to a Client into various building/construction
To enable the Design Team to determine how much had been spent on each building
  • To enable the Design

Team to determine how

much had been spent on each building element.

  • To assess

whether a

balanced

distribution of

costs have been achieved amongst the various

elements of the building.

  • To provide comparison

of costs

of

the same

elements that may be used in different buildings.

  • To obtain cost data for use in the cost planning for other projects.

Brief specification in the ECA describes the type and quality of materials project. to be
  • Brief specification in the ECA describes the

type and quality of materials

project.

to

be

used

in

  • Usually consists of 6 elements: substructure,

superstructure, finishes, fittings and

furnishings, services and external works

Basic elements Elements Element of Quantity Substructure Area of lowest floor finish measured as for GFA
Basic elements Elements Element of Quantity Substructure Area of lowest floor finish measured as for GFA

Basic elements

Elements

Element of Quantity

Substructure

Area of lowest floor finish measured as for GFA

Frame

Area of floors relating to frame measured as for GFA

Upper Floors

Total area of Upper Floors

Roof

Area of measured overall surfaces

External Walls

Area of external walls measured an outer face (excluding openings)

Basic elements Elements Element of Quantity Windows and External Doors Total area of windows and external
Basic elements Elements Element of Quantity Windows and External Doors Total area of windows and external

Basic elements

Elements

Element of Quantity

Windows and External Doors

Total area of windows and external doors measured over frame

Internal Walls and Partitions

Total area of internal walls and partitions (excluding openings)

Internal Doors

Area of internal doors measured over frame

Wall Finishes

Total area of wall finishes

Floor Finishes

Total area of floor finishes

Ceiling Finishes

Total area of ceiling finishes

To be able to carry out elemental estimating based on historic data. This data is
  • To be able to carry out elemental estimating

based on historic data.

  • This data

is

requirements

consideration.

then manipulated to suit

the

of

the

current

project

under

  • A good cost planning will store its data in the

appropriate

form

for

later

retrieval.

This

usually

takes

the

form

of

elemental

cost

analysis.

PROCEDURE Form 1 Calculating Gross Floor Area (GFA) and Total Cost of Element – Form 2

PROCEDURE

  • Form 1

  • Calculating Gross Floor Area (GFA) and Total Cost of Element – Form 2

  • Up date specifications – Form 3

  • The Cost Estimate for the new project is ready.

Type Type of of building building
Type
Type of
of building
building