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Trng THPT L Thng Kit

E KIEM TRA ANH GIA CHAT LNG CHNG 1.


MON HOA LP 11 BAN KHOA HOC T NHIEN.
( Thi gian lam bai 70 phut ).
Ho va ten hoc sinh:
Cau 1. Hoa tan 4 gam NaOH vao 4 lt H2O thu c dung dch X. Gia tr pH cua dung
dch X la:
A. 13
B. 1,6
C. 12,4
D. 2
Cau 2. Cho cac dung dch va gia tr pH c thong ke nh sau:
(1). Dung dch NH3 co CM = 0,01.
pH = 12.
(2). Dung dch NaOH co CM = 0,001
pH = 3.
(3). Dung dch CH3COONa co CM = 0,0001
pH = 4.
(4). Dung dch Ba(OH)2 co CM = 0,0005
pH = 11
(5). Dung dch H2SO4 co [H+] = 0,001
pH = 3.
Co bao nhieu gia tr pH c xac nh ung:
A. 2
B. 5
C. 4
D. 3
Cau 3:Trn ln 20 ml dd HCl 0,05M vo 20 ml dd H2SO4 0,075M. Nu trong qu trnh trn khng lm co gin th tch
th pH ca dd thu c l:
A. 1
C. 3
B. 1,5
D. 2
Cau 4. Trong 100 ml dung dch HClO CM = 0,01 co tong so: phan t HClO, ion H +, ion
ClO- la 6,2.1020. o ien li cua dung dch tren la: ( biet so avogadro = 6,02.10 23).
A. 0,3%
B. 2,5%
C. 3%
D. 4,3%.
Cau 5. Hoa tan 200 ml dung dch NaOH co pH = 12 vi 300 ml dung dch HCl co pH = 2
c dung dch X. pH cua dung dch X la:
A. 11
B. 3
C. 2,7
D. 1,63
Cau 6. Ch can dung mot thuoc th cho t ben ngoai, co the nhan biet c ba
dung dch sau: Na2CO3, (NH4)2CO3, NaCl. Thuoc th o la:
A. BaCl2
B. H2SO4.
C. Ca(OH)2
D. HCl
Cau 7. Cho dung dch cha a mol NaOH tron vi dung dch cha b mol AlCl 3. ieu kien
nao sau ay e sau phan ng khong thu c ket tua.
A. a 3b
B. a b.
C. a> 4b.
D. a 4b
Cau 8. Dy gm cc cht u tc dng c vi dung dch HCl long l
A. AgNO3, (NH4)2CO3, CuS.
B. Mg(HCO3)2, HCOONa, CuO.
C. FeS, BaSO4, KOH.
D. KNO3, CaCO3, Fe(OH)3.
Cau 9 : Ha tan ht m gam ZnSO4 vo nc c dung dch X. Cho 110 ml dung dch KOH 2M vo X, thu c a
gam kt ta. Mt khc, nu cho 140 ml dung dch KOH 2M vo X th cng thu c a gam kt ta. Gi tr ca m l
A. 20,125
B. 12,375
C. 22,540
D. 17,710
Cau 10. Hoa tan hoan toan hon hp gom Fe va Zn vao 800 ml dung dch gom HCl
0,02M va H2SO4 0,03M thay thoat ra 627,2 ml kh H 2 (ktc) va dung dch sau phan ng
co pH =x. x co gia tr nao sau ay:
A. 1,7
B. 2
C. 3
D. 2,63
Cau 11. 500 ml dung dch X : hon hp Ba(OH) 2 0,06M va NaOH 0,04M. e trung hoa
va u dung dch X th can dung va u 800 ml dung dch co pH = 1 gom H 2SO4 va
HCl aM. Sau phan ng thu c 4,66 gam ket tua. ( Biet rang toan bo ion SO 42- a tao
tua het). Gia tr cua a la:
A. 0,05M.
B. 0,025M.
C. 0,06M.
D. 0,1M.
Cau 12. Trong dung dch H3PO4 ta se tm c may loai ion khac nhau:
A. 4.
B. 2.
C. 3.
D. 5.
Cau 13 : Cho bn hn hp, mi hn hp gm hai cht rn c s mol bng nhau: Na 2O v Al2O3, Cu v FeCl3, BaCl2
v CuSO4, Ba v NaHCO3. S hn hp c th tan hon ton trong nc (d) ch to ra dung dch l:
A. 4
B. 2
C. 1
D. 3
Cau 14. Co bao nhieu phan ng hoa hoc cho di ay la phan ng axit - baz.
(1)CO32- + 2H+ CO2 + H2O.
(4). Al 3+ + 4OH- AlO2- + 2H2O
(2). Ba2+ + SO42- BaSO4.
(5). Ba(OH)2 + Na2CO3 BaCO3 + 2NaOH.
(3). HS- + OH- S2- + H2O.
(6). NH 4Cl + NaOH NH3 + NaCl + H2O.
A. 3
B. 4
C. 6
D. 5
Cau 15. Suc a mol kh CO2 vao dung dch cha b mol NaOH, ieu kien nao sau ay
e sau phan ng thu c hon hp hai muoi Na 2CO3 va NaHCO3.
A. b/2 a < b
B. b < a < 2b
C. a < b < 2a.
D. b/2 < a < b.

Gv : Phan Trung B

Trng THPT L Thng Kit

Cau 16. Trng hp nao sau ay khi tron hai dung dch lai vi nhau th phan ng
trung hoa va u:
A. Tron 100 ml dung dch CH3COOH co pH = 1 va 100 ml dung dch NaOH co pH = 13.
B. Tron 120 ml dung dch H2SO4 co CM = 0,1 vi 120 ml dung dch NaOH co CM = 0,1.
C. Tron 200 ml dung dch NaOH co CM = 0,1 vi 400 ml dung dch H2SO4 co CM = 0,1.
D. Tron 400 ml dung dch HCl co pH = 1 va 4 lt dung dch NaOH co pH = 12.
Cau 17. Tron 600 ml dd BaCl2 1M vi 500 ml dung dch Na2SO4 0,8M. Khoi lng ket tua
thu c sau phan ng
A. 93,2 gam
B. 118,2 gam.
C. 78,8 gam.
D. 139,8 gam
Cau 18. Nho t t dung dch HCl ( cho en d) vao dung dch NaAlO 2 . Hien tng
ung la:
A. Tao ket tua o nau, sau o ket tua tan dan, va dung dch trong suot.
B. Ban au khong co hien tng, sau o ket tua cang nhieu en ga tr cc ai va
khong tan c na.
C. tao ket tua keo trang, sau o ket tua tan dan va dung dch trong suot.
D. Tao ket tua trang xanh, va ket tua tan dan.
Cau 19. Nho t t cho en het 400 ml dung dch NaOH 0,2M vao 500 ml dung dch
Al(NO3)3 0,05M. Khoi lng ket tua Al(OH) 3 thu c sau phan ng la m gam . Gia tr
cua m la:
A. 0,39 gam.
B. 1,95 gam.
C. 1,56 gam.
D. 1,17 gam.
Cau 20. Dung dch X cha hn hp gm Na2CO3 1,5M v KHCO3 1M. Nh t t tng git cho n ht 200ml dung
dch HCl 1M vo 100 ml dung dch X, sinh ra V lt kh ( ktc). Gi tr ca V l:
A. 4,48
B. 1,12
C. 2,24
D. 3,36
Cau 21. Vi 6 ion ngi ta co the ieu che c 3 dung dch : Mg 2+, Na+, Ba2+, SO42-,
CO32-,NO3- ( Trong o moi dung dch cha mot loai Cation va mot loai anion). Ba dung
dch nao di ay la phu hp.
A. Ba(NO3)2, Na2CO3, MgSO4.
B. Ba(NO3)2, Mg(NO3)2 , Na2SO4.
C. BaSO4, MgSO4, NaNO3.
D.
Ba(NO3)2, MgCO3,
Na2SO4.
Cau 22. Cho cac nhan nh sau ay: co bao nhieu nhan nh ung. ( Biet hai dung
dch co cung nong o).
(1). Dung dch Na2CO3 co pH > 7.
(4). Dung dch saccarozo co kha nang
dan ien.
(2). Axit la nhng chat co kha nang nhan H +.
(5). NaHCO3 tac dung c
vi axit lan baz.
(3). Dung dch CH3COOH co pH > dung dch HCl. (6). CO2 khong phan ng c vi d.d
NaAlO2.
(7). Muoi NaHSO4 la hp chat lng tnh.
A. 4
B. 5
C. 3
D. 6
Cau 23. 25oC th 100 gam nc hoa tan c toi a 46 gam CuSO 4. Hoi can phai
them bao nhieu gam CuSO4 vao 600 gam CuSO4 25% e c mot dung dch va bao
hoa.
A. 57 gam.
B. 68 gam.
C. 52 gam.
D. 126 gam.
Cau 24. Suc kh Cl2 vao dung dch NaOH theo t le mol 1:2 c dung dch X.
Suc kh NO2 vao dung dch NaOH theo t le mol 1:1. c dung dch Y.
Khi nhung quy tm lan lt va dung dch X va dung dch Y. Nhan xet nao sau ay
la ung:
A. Dung dch X lam cho quy tm sang mau xanh, dung dch Y lam quy tm chuyen sang
mau o.
B. Dung dch X lam quy tm chuyen sang mau o, dung dch Y lam quy tm chuyen
sang mau xanh.
C. Dung dch X va dung dch Y eu lam quy tm chuyen sang mau xanh.
D. Dung dch X khong lam quy tm chuyen mau, dung dch Y lam quy tm chuyen
sang mau xanh.
Cau 25. Cho cc phn ng sau :

(a) 4HCl + PbO2 PbCl2 + Cl2 + 2H2O


(c) 2HCl + 2HNO3 2NO2 + Cl2 + 2H2O
S phn ng trong HCl th hin tnh kh l
A. 2
B. 4

(b) HCl + NH4HCO3 NH4Cl + CO2 + H2O


(d) 2HCl + Zn ZnCl2 + H2
C. 1

D. 3
2

Gv : Phan Trung B
Trng THPT L Thng Kit
Cau 26. Khi nhit phn hon ton 100 gam mi cht sau : KClO 3 (xc tc MnO2), KMnO4, KNO3 v
AgNO3. Cht to ra lng O2 ln nht l
A. KNO3
B. AgNO3
C. KMnO4
D. KClO3

Cau 27. Phan ng hoa hoc nao sau ay co ket tua xuat hien, ong thi co kh
bay ra khi tron hai dung lai lai vi nhau:
(1). AlCl3 + Na2CO3.
(2). Na2CO3 + HCl
(3). (NH4)2SO4 + Ba(OH)2
(4). CaSO4 +
BaCl2.
A. (2),(4).
B. (1), (3).
C. (3).
D. (3), (4).
Cau 28. Cho mot mau Na vao dung dch co cha 1 mol NH 4Cl, 1 mol NaHCO3, 1 mol
BaCl2 thay thoat ra 22,4 lt kh H 2 (ktc). Hoi dung dch sau phan ng ng cha muoi
nao sau ay:
A. BaCl2, NaCl.
B. Na2CO3, BaCl2, NaCl.
C. NaCl.
D.
NH4Cl,
BaCl2.
Cau 29. Tron 4 lt dung dch co pH = 3 vi 5 lt dung dch co pH = 2. Dung dch sau khi
pha tron co gia tr pH bang:
A. 2,22
B. 2,05
C. 2,46
D. 2,54
Cau 30. Cho cac chat sau ay: Glixerol, axit sunfuhiric, Oxit nhom, ong sunfat, nhom
nitrat, magie hidroxit. Cau nao sau ay ung:
A. Ch co 4 chat khong phai la chat ien li manh.
B. Ch co 3 chat la
chat ien li manh.
C. Ch co 3 chat khong ien li.
D. Khong co chat nao la chat ien li
yeu.
Cau 31. Ho tan hon ton 2,9 gam hn hp gm kim loi M v oxit ca n vo nc, thu c 500 ml dung

dch cha mt cht tan c nng 0,04M v 0,224 lt kh H2 ( ktc). Kim loi M l
A. Ca
B. Ba
C. K
D. Na

Cau 32. Cho 400 ml dung dch gom 4 loai ion CO 32-, K+, NH4+, SO42-. Chia thanh 4 phan co
the tch bang nhau va bang 100 ml.
- Cho dung dch HCl d vao phan 1 thoat ra 2,24 lt kh (ktc).
- Cho dung dch NaOH d vao phan 2 thoat ra 3,36 lt kh (ktc).
- Cho dung dch BaCl 2 d vao phan 3 thu c 66,3 gam ket tua.
Co can phan con lai tao c m gam chat ran. Gia tr cua m la:
A. 22,725 gam.
B. 227,25 gam.
C. 45,45 gam.
D. 90,9 gam.
Cau 33. Rot t t dung dch cha 0,5 mol HCl vao dung dch cha 0,4 mol Na 2CO3 the
tch kh CO2 thoat ra o ieu kien tieu chuan la:
A. 6,72 lt.
B. 4,48 lt.
C. 2,24 lt.
D. 1,12 lt
Cau 34. Cho cac dung dch CH 3COOH, HCl, H2SO4 co cung nong o mol/ lt. S so sanh
nao sau ay la ung:
A. pH cua dung dch HCl nho hn pH cua dung dch H 2SO4.
B. pH cua dung dch CH3COOH > pH cua dung dch H2SO4.
C. pH cua dung dch H2SO4 ln hn pH cua dung dch CH 3COOH.
D. pH cua dung dch CH3COOH bang pH cua dung dch HCl.
Cau 35. Nho t t V lt dung dch HCl 0,2M vao 600 ml dung dch NaAlO 2 0,1M. Sau
phan ng tao c 3,12 gam ket tua. Gia tr ln nhat cua V la:
A. 0,6 lt.
B. 0,3 lt
C. 0,4 lt
D. 0,2 lt
Cau 36. Cho hon hp gom hai muoi NaHCO3 va Na2CO3 co khoi lng m gam. Neu
cho hon hp nay tac dung vi BaCl 2 d th tao ra 3,94 gam ket tua. Mac khac neu
cho hon hp nay tac dung vi Ba(OH)2 lay d tao c 5,91 gam ket tua. Gia tr m
cua hon hp hai muoi ban au la:
A. 3,8 gam.
B. 2,96 gam.
C. 7,88 gam.
D. 0,46 gam.
Cau 37. Suc V lt kh CO2 vao 300 ml dung dch Ca(OH) 2 0,15M tao c 2,5 gam ket tua.
Gia tr ln nhat cua V la:
A. 1,456 lt.
B. 2,24 lt.
C. 4,48 lt.
D. 0,56 lt.
Cau 38. Nhom chat ( hoac ion ) nao sau ay gom: 1 axit, 2 baz, 1 lng tnh:
A. Al3+, NaOH, HSO3-, CO32-.
B.
Al(OH)3, (NH4)2CO3,
CO32-, Fe3+.
C. NH4+, OH-, SO32-, HCl.
D. Ba2+, CO32-, NH4+, CH3COO-.
Cau 39. Chat ch th axit baz la chat co the bien oi mau phu thuoc vao gia

Gv : Phan Trung B

Trng THPT L Thng Kit

tr pH cua dung dch. Khi nhung chat ch th la quy tm vao dung dch X th mau cua
quy se hoa o khi pH cua dung dch.
A. 6 pH < 7.
B. pH 7
C. pH < 7
D. pH 6
Cau 40. Day 1: Gom NaOH, CaCO3, Na2SO4. Day 2 gom: NaHCO3, HCl, Ba(OH)2.
Khi cho cac chat thuoc day 1 lan lt phan ng vi cac chat thuoc day 2. So
phan ng hoa hoc xay ra la:
A. 5
B. 4
C. 6
D. 3
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