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# Picture of Experiment

## Practicum 8a working with Bode plot 1

RC-LPF
R1
1k
C1
1F

V1

V2

Calculations
1. Determine the complex transfer function H() = u2/u1

H ( )=

Uo
Ui

1
jC
1
U o=V 2=
U i=
Ui
1
1+ jCR
+R
jC
U i=

V1

Ui
U o 1+ jCR
1
=
=
Ui
Ui
1+ jCR
C=1 F R = 1000
H ( )=

1
1+103 j

## 2. Determine the cut-off frequency of H()

H ( )=
Standard function

1
1+ j

3
=10 k =2 f =1000 f =159 rad /s
k

## 3. Draw the Bode-plot of H(): damping D (in dBs) and phase

=0|H ( )|=0
k |H ( )|=
f =159|H ( )|=3 dB
H ( )=

H ( )=

=0
H ( ) =

k
H ( )=

f =159

159

Real Data :

## Simulated and Real Data :

Research questions :
A. Is there a difference between simulation and measurement?
There is a very slight difference between the simulated and measurement value .
B. Is it different from the hand drawn Bode plot?
No , there is barely any difference between the hand drawn bode plot and the actual plot
values , but there is a difference in the shape of the graph but the general shape is correct

## Picture of the apparatus :

List of components:
1 x NI myDAQ
1 x 100 resistor.
1 x 1 F capacitor.
1 x LM317 Op Amp
Results from actual experiment :

Research questions
Is there a difference between simulation and measurement?
The two measurements are roughly the same with slight differences such as the peak in the Gain
diagram , and the steepness of the line in the phasor diagram .

## Is it different from the hand drawn plots ?

The difference is almost negligible between the hand draw plot and the measurement but for the
real and the hand drawn plot have the same differences as the simulated and real measurement
have as shown above
Is the quality factor equal to the calculated value ?
The values are very close but no equal due the fact that the inductor has a real resistance which
was not taken into account in our calculation , and that resistance results in the damping of the
quality factor hence resulting in a slightly lower quality factor than the calculated one .

## Schematics of the experiment :

List of components:
NI myDAQ
100 mH inductor.
Resistors100 , 162 .
LM317 Op Amp.