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(CGizzzonie Tnsinanets end insramecntaion Tecinalogy ) 6.2 STRIP CHART RECORDER 6.2.1 PMMC Galvanometer Type In this type of recorder, the pointer of PMMC galvanometer is replaced by a pen which is attached to the moving coil in the field of a permanent magnet. Deflection of the coil pen assembly is directly proportional to the current through the coil. The tip of the pen is positioned over a strip of chart paper or Z fold paper that is pulled under the pen tip at a constant speed thereby establishing a time base. The deflection of the pen across the paper reproduces the wave shape of the signal applied to the coil. A PMMC galvanometer with a short pen arc writes in a curvilinear manner, as shown in Figure 6.1. Instead of a straight line, the pen scribes an arc and the displacement y = R sin 6, where R is the length of the pointer and @ is the angular deflection of the coil of PMMC. This relation is nonlinear. If 6 is kept less than +10°, then the error due to this nonlinearity is less than 0.5%. Pen Figure 6.1. Curvilinear recording In many applications where the amount of deflection is more important than wave shape, this may be acceptable. One solution to the problem of curvilinear recording is to use a pivoted pen motor assembly, as shown in Figure 6.2, which translates the curvilinear motion of the moving coil to the rectilinear motion at the pen’s tip. Another way is to increase the length of the pen so that it is very large compared to the width of the chart as shown in Figure 6.3. The trace then will be nearly linear and is acceptable in many applications. This is called pseudorectilinear technique. Linkage oO o Piper PMMC Figure 6.2 Rectilinear recording