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Creating Safe and Sustainable Communities

Creating Safe and Sustainable Communities

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Published by rona44

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: rona44 on Mar 08, 2010
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07/31/2015

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Malmo is the commercial centre of southern Sweden and a city with a long-
standing commitment to integrated and strategic approaches to city-wide
sustainable development. In 1987 it fostered an adventurous experiment in
user participation in housing at Monbijougaton Street, as a means of creating
sustainable development. 70 potential tenants came together with an archi-
tect, Ivo Waldhor, to build within a single apartment block a development in
which every household had a dwelling that was designed specifically to their
individual requirements. This produced a most imaginative development illu-
strated in Fig. 3.24 (Architectural Review, March 1992, pp. 25–29).

Safe and sustainable communities

253

Figure 5.9 Egebjerggard, Copenhagen: the shopping centre fronts onto the main

loop road that runs through the development.

[15:16 26/11/03 n:4135 COLQUHOUN.751/0750654929 Design Out Crime/application/4135-Alltext.3d] Ref: 4135 Auth: Colquhoun Title: Design Out Crime Alltext Page: 254 0-315

The City of Malmo continued this willingness to experiment with Bo01,
which is a new sustainable city district built on reclaimed land by the Vastra
Hammen (Western Docks). The development was the subject of an interna-
tional exhibition of experimental sustainable housing in 2001. Renewable
energy is produced locally and supplied to the site. Green spaces are seen
as essential to enhance the level of biodiversity within the site and the area
uses the most up-to-date eco-technology for the treatment of water and
waste.

The site overlooks the sea with a wonderful view of the new bridge
linking Sweden and Denmark. The layout is highly permeable. Car access is
by means of an informal loop road through the scheme, serving small
grouped parking spaces. There is a varied mix of housing forms ranging
from five-, six- and seven-storey apartments overlooking the seafront
(Fig. 5.11) to two-storey houses within the development. The site was divided
into small sites, each of which was designed by different architects (Fig. 3.7).
Mixed use is in the form of shops on the ground floor of the apartments
overlooking the seafront. There are also workshops located nearby.
The planning and design took on board CPTED principles to a point,
and the design has strengths and weaknesses from the security point of view.
Some housing is grouped around small, gated communal gardens (Fig. 5.12).
Spacious balconies give considerable potential for overlooking of public
spaces. Large windows are a common architectural feature but sometimes

Design out Crime

254

Figure 5.10 Egebjerggard: street housing.

[15:16 26/11/03 n:4135 COLQUHOUN.751/0750654929 Design Out Crime/application/4135-Alltext.3d] Ref: 4135 Auth: Colquhoun Title: Design Out Crime Alltext Page: 255 0-315

they are located too close to opposite windows in adjoining housing so there
could be a loss of privacy inside the dwellings. Some alleyways are not over-
looked, but could be gated if there were any problems (Fig. 5.13) (Arkitektur
dk, 2002, pp. 9–21).

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