P. 1
Creating Safe and Sustainable Communities

Creating Safe and Sustainable Communities

|Views: 2,233|Likes:
Published by rona44

More info:

Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: rona44 on Mar 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/31/2015

pdf

text

original

There are currently around 2.5 million cameras in use in Britain and the
numbers are increasing rapidly. It is becoming so much part of the everyday

Planning and design

189

[15:16 26/11/03 n:4135 COLQUHOUN.751/0750654929 Design Out Crime/application/4135-Alltext.3d] Ref: 4135 Auth: Colquhoun Title: Design Out Crime Alltext Page: 190 0-315

scene that ‘‘It is almost becoming another public utility, like drainage, gas,
water, telephone and electricity services. Designers need to be involved in
this development. However it is not a substitute for people’’ (Parker, 2001b,
pp. 17–18).

This increased use of surveillance raises important issues. Home Office
guidance emphasizes that it is by no means a universal solution and that it will
only be effective as part of an integrated package of crime prevention
measures, and that sensitive and professional management is essential for
success (Fig. 3.97). Furthermore, in most cases, the installation of CCTV
does not require planning permission so there is little public debate over its
use and location. In some countries CCTV is perceived as intrusive and a
restriction to personal freedom and civil liberty. European Union and recent
British Human Rights legislation (Human Rights Act 2000) and Data
Protection can place considerable constraints, and users need to put in
place adequate codes of practice and procedures. In The Netherlands and
Denmark its use in public places is rare; predominately it is confined to
private areas. It is also much less employed in the USA than in Britain.
CCTV can be costly to install and to operate so it is important to
maximise the potential for success as follows:

& It is essential to make an honest appraisal of the problems to be addressed. Is

the area in question suffering from a consistently high level of crime and do
the crimes follow a pattern? Is the crime data of good quality and up-to-date?
Sometimes public fear of crime is so high that it becomes necessary for this
reason. However, if it is hoped that CCTV operators watch every move and
will call the police immediately, the reality can be a disappointment.

& It is important to assess whether CCTV is a useful tool at all: is the type of

crime susceptible to open surveillance? Thirdly, local residents must give their
approval.

& Equally important is liaison with the police – will they treat calls from the

control room as high priority? For residential areas this may not be the case. It
is essential also that the full implications of installing CCTV are understood.
This includes a commitment to its management and the total costs involved.

& Grants may be available for the installation of CCTV cameras but not for

overall management and running the systems. It is essential therefore to be
sure that the running costs are in place and sustainable.

A recent evaluation of CCTV undertaken by the Scarman Centre as part of
the UK Government’s current Crime Reduction Programme found that the
projects with the best results tend to be in areas which have already been
identified as having crime/disorder problems. The less successful ones were
those that tried to identify an area that fits the statistical requirements of the
project. It is vital to include from the outset someone in the project with
technical knowledge. Most important is dialogue with the community to

Design out Crime

190

[15:16 26/11/03 n:4135 COLQUHOUN.751/0750654929 Design Out Crime/application/4135-Alltext.3d] Ref: 4135 Auth: Colquhoun Title: Design Out Crime Alltext Page: 191 0-315

Planning and design

191

Figure 3.97 CCTV camera and sign at Belgrave Street, within the King’s Cross

Estate Action Area, London.

[15:16 26/11/03 n:4135 COLQUHOUN.751/0750654929 Design Out Crime/application/4135-Alltext.3d] Ref: 4135 Auth: Colquhoun Title: Design Out Crime Alltext Page: 192 0-315

ensure that CCTV is the best solution to the problem (Scarman Centre,
2003).

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->