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Principles of Management

.
.


(Motive)
movere (move)

(Motivation)





(Motivation)

(the nature of motivation)




(Need)
(Striving) (Desire) (Drive)
(Ambition)


.

1 [n.] intelligence [syn.]




2

[n.] mind and soul



3 [n.] organism


. (
).

2

3

(Motive)


(Mover of behavior)
(Drive)
(Need)

(Behavior)

instrumental
operant behavior

(Goal)
( )
(Relief)


2 .
1. (intrinsic motives)
2 (extrinsic motives)

(Need
Hierarchy Theory)
Abraham Maslow





5
.

1. (Physiological
needs)

, ,

2. (Safety needs)

3. (Belonging

and love needs)




4. (Self-esteem
needs)

5. (Selfactualization)

.6. (cognitive
needs) :
7..
(aesthetic needs) :

ERG (ERG Theory : Existence


Relatedness Growth Theory)
Clayton Alderfer

Maslow
3

(Existence needs)


(Relatedness needs)



(Growth
needs) ,
,


Frederick Herzberg
Herzberg

1. (Motivation Factor)
2. (Maintenance Factor)

(Motivation Factor)
1.



2.




3.




4.


5.


3.


4.

1.

2.

5.

6.

7.

8.


9.

(McClelland)



" "
(Doning Someting Better)

(Intrinsic Satisfaction)

(Independence Training)

(McClelland)



" "
(Doning Someting Better)

(Intrinsic Satisfaction)

(Independence Training)

(Standard of Excellence)


1.

(Standard of Excellence)
2.
50-50

3.
4.
5.
6.








(Socialization)

.

3
1. 122
2.
3.


(Equity Theory)

J. Stacy Adams


(output)
(input)



(Equitably Rewarded)



(Under-rewarded)


( ) (
)
(
) (
) (
)

(Over-rewarded)


(
) ( )
() (
)


(Underpayment inequity)


50:50 50:75
(Overpayment inequity)


50:75 50:50

4


(Person)


(Other)
(Input)


(Outcome)


.


(Behavioral) 3

(Cognitive)







(
) (
)

,

(Gender
Planning)
1.


2.

(Goal Setting Theory)


Edwin Locke


,


Locke and Latham

Locke and Latham









1.
2.
3.
4.

3
4

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