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Mica Alexandra H.

Samper
Mrs. Nenita T.Dumanon
Grade 7- Archimedes

Science

Atmosphere is it is a band of gases enveloping the


Earth's surface.
The atmosphere is a mixture of nitrogen (78%), oxygen
(21%), and other gases (1%) that surrounds Earth. High
above the planet, the atmosphere becomes thinner until
it gradually reaches space. It is divided into five layers.
There are 5 layers of the atmosphere: Troposphere,
Mesosphere, Stratosphere, Thermosphere, and
Exosphere.

The troposphere ( about 9-10 km) is the lowest layer of


Earth's atmosphere.In the troposphere, the temperature
decreases as the altitude increases. The troposphere
contains most of the water vapour that is why weather
occurs in this layer .
The stratosphere is the second-lowest layer of Earth's
atmosphere.In the stratosphere, the temperature
increases. It lies above the troposphere. This layer
extends from the top of the troposphere at roughly 12 km
above Earth's surface. In this layer, we could find the
The mesosphere is the third highest layer of Earth's
atmosphere . In the mesosphere, the temperature

decreases as height increases. It extends from the


stratopause at an altitude of about 50 km. The
mesosphere is also the layer where most meteors burn up
upon atmospheric entrance.
The thermosphere is the second-highest layer of
Earth's atmosphere. It extends from the mesopause at an
altitude range of about 415 km. In this layer, the
temperature increases gradually. Auroras are found in this
layer.
The exosphere is the outermost layer of Earth's
atmosphere. It extends from the exobase at an altitiude
range of 500- 1000 km . In this layer the gradual increase
in temperature with altitude continues. This layer merges
into space. Satellites are located in this layer.