You are on page 1of 27

www.kalvisolai.

com
Lp E[Vp Utm UVp

(EDUCATION PSYCHOLOGY & INNOVATIONIST)


PRINCIPLE /CONCEPTS OF PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGIST
S.
No
1

PRINCIPLE /CONCEPTS

PSYCHOLOGIST

William McDougal

Titchner

J.B.Watson, Tolman, Hubb,


Kathrey, Skinner

Kohler and Werthemer

Adler

Sigmund Freud

Carl Rogers and Maslow

Mesmar

Hormic School of Psychology aod


LsL
Structuralistic School of Psychology
YYUld LhT.
Behavioural School of Psychology SPjRd
LhT
Gestalt School of Psychology Ud
Lhd LhT (1912)
Individual School of Psychology R UR
E[Vp
Psycho Analytic School of Psychology
E[lTld LhT
Humanistic School of Psychology URSV
E[Vp
Medical Psychology UjY E[Vp

Intelligence Test iQf NR]

Alfred Binet

10

Programmed Learning - hPhd Lt\p

B. F. Skinner

11

Aspiration AY X

Hopes Tembho

12

Adkinson

13

Achievement Test APdLf NR],


Ring Tossing Test - Y[Vm m NR]
Adolescence UWl TYm

Stanly Hale

14

Genetics UWVp

G. J. Mendal

15

Environment rXVp

J.B. Watson

16

Havinghuist

Murray & Morgan

Hotfield

19

Developmental activities Y[of No


NVpLs
Thematic apperception test Ts
CQjR NR]
Mental health & Hygiene UR SXm Utm
E[Vp
Frustration - Wd

Margon & Singh

20

Insight Learning EsLh Yd Lt\p

Kohler

21

Trial & Error Vu RYd Lt\p

Thorndike

22

Theory of Identical elements JjRd LWd


LhT
Law of effect [

Thorndike

Thorndike

2
3
4
5
6
7

17
18

23

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 1

www.kalvisolai.com
24

Proactive Inhibition u]dj RP

Asubel & Hunderwood

25

Retro Active Inhibition - u]dj RP

Muller & Pillsukter

26

Juvenile Delinquency ZkRLu S


\r
Problem Children Classification WfN]dV ZkRLs
Need for Achievement APdLm

Sirilburt

Ludan Agarsan

David Macleland

Hull

Arther J. Jones

Williamson

F. C. Thorne

Carl Rogers

Maslo

27
28

30

Drive Reduction Theory apu EkRd


\l LhT
Guidance Concept YLhRp

31

Counselling Defined AWl TLoRp

32

34

Eclectic Counselling AW TLoRp


NUWN \
Indirect Counselling \L SNW
AWl TLoRp
Motivation - FdLm

35

Classical Conditioning BdLXjRm

Ivan Pavlov

36

Branched Learning - [YdLt\p

Narman Crowder

37

Alford Benet

38

Intelligence Test 1905 (iQ


NR])
Two factor theory CWhPd LW LhT

Spearman

39

Group Factor Theory LW LhT

Thurstone

40

Intelligence Quotient iQ D

Stern

41

Guillboard (5x5x6=180)

42

Guilfords Structure of Intellectual pTou iQd LhT


Introvert, Extrovert ALLu, \Lu

Young/Jung

43

Ink block test UjRPf NR]


-

Roareshock (1921 Switzerland),


10 cards (Black 5, Black & Red
2, All colour 3)

Maslow

Roger, Maslow

Charles Judd

Gestalt School

29

33

44
45

Maslow Theory of Hierarchical Needs


UvXu RYlTXd LhT
Human to Psychology UR E[Vp

47

Theory of Generalisation TUd Lj


LhT
Theory of Transpositive

48

Social Learning Theory

Bandura

49

Skill Based Education - \u AlTPd


Lp

Marshal

46

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 2

www.kalvisolai.com
50

Work in Education

51

54

Acheivement AP Fdu A[]


UlPp
Conceptual Learning Model TUd
Lj EYm TX LhT
Concept Formation TUdLj
EYRp.
Concept Maps TUd Lj YWTPm

55

Theory of contiguity ALU CjRp

56

Hirarchical Theory iQ TXd


LhT
Hypodermic Model

52
53

57

Pragmatic School

Mac Cleland

Klausmier

Robert Gagne

Novak and Gowin

Guthrie

Cyril Burt and Vernon

Morgan

Paul Torrance

59

Father of Creativity TPlTt\p Lpu


RkR
Analytical Psychlogy TlTn E[Vp

Carl Jung

60

YdvXo iQ A[Lp

YdvXo - 1944

61

RVs NR]

Wais

62

Hebb

Bredbent - WhTih

McDougal UdLp

Jean Piaget u V_

66

Selection Theory of Attention Ro NnRp


LhT
Information Theory RtLXf Nnd
LhT
Interest is latest attention, attention is interest
in action LYof ApX AdL\
U\L LY]m Bm. LYof
NVtTmT LY]m Ru\.
Theory of cognitive development ARp
Y[ofl TX
Psycho Linguistics UNo U]Vp

Osgood & Seviok

67

AlXd LhT

Kurt Lewin oh Xu

68

Theory of Hierarchical Learning TXd


Lt\p LhT
Theory of Ideals dLs LhT

Robert Gagne

Bagley

McDougal

Ebbinghaus

Howard Gardness

Thorndike

58

63
64

65

69
70
71
72
73
74

Instinct Theory of McDougal CVpdLd


LsL
U\jRp TtV NR]m U\jRp
Y[Lm
Intelligence Types (8 Types) iQ
YLLs
Jt\d LW LhT (A) VWd
LhT
Multi factor theory TpLWd LhT

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 3

www.kalvisolai.com
75

Group factor theory dLW LhT

Thurston

76

Social Learning Theory

Bandula Alfort

77

Father of Modern Educational Psychology


S] Lp E[Vu RkR
Father of Developmental Psychology

Edward Thorndike

Jean Piaget

Herbart

Sigmund Freud

John Poulbi

78

81

Father of Educational Psychology Lp


E[Vu RkR
The Father of Psycho analysis E[lTlTn BnVu RkR
Father of Attachment theory

82

The Principles of Psychology

William James

83

Counseling and Psychotheraphy

Karl Rogers

84

An introduction to Gestalt theory

Kohler

85

Use and Acquisitionof language

Nam Saumsky

86

The Moral judgment of Piaget

Jean Piaget

87

The Psychology of Dementia praecox

Carl & Jung

88

Interpretation of Dreams book writer

Sigmund Freud

89

The moral judgment of Children book writer

Sigmund Freud

90

Achiving society

David Macleland

91

Sublimation UPUt\m

Allport

92

Hartherne, May

93

Situational Test BU XUf


NR]
Adjustment test TjRlTh ThVp

Bell

94

Diagnostic Test \Vf NR]

Neymann Kohlsted

95

Allport

96

Ascendence Submission Reaction study


BdL T A[Ym ] YN
NVt NR]Lu Ad

uh]o, ThPo^u, Luv,


WYo.

97

NVtNR]Lu A[Lp.

BoRo

79
80

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 4

www.kalvisolai.com

UNIVERSITIES
TpLXdLZLeLs
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.

CPm

YeV
Bi

Nu]l TpLXdLZLm
AiQUXl TpLXdLZLm
LUWw TpLXdLZLm
Y[iUl TpLXdLZLm
Lk WV TpLXdLZLm
AiQ TpLXdLZLm, i
Rrl TpLXdLZLm
TWVo TpLXdLZLm
TWRNu TpLXdLZLm
Au] RWN TpLXdLZLm

Nu]
RmTWm
UW
LY
idLp
Nu]
RgN
LY
f
LPdL]p

1857

AZLlT TpLXdLZLm
CkW Lk RV \kRYl
TpLXdLZLm
RrS LpSP UjY TpLXdLZLm
PdPo. GmBo UjYl TpLXdLZLm
U]uU kRW]o TpLXdLZLm
PdPo. AmTjLo NhPl TpLXdLZLm
ASeLm TpLXdLZLm
TVo TpLXdLZLm
Rr CQVlTpLXdLZLm
YsYo TpLXdLZLm
RrS \kRYl TpLXdLZLm
RrS EPtLpVp Utm [Vhl
TpLXdLZLm
TVo UVmU TpLXdLZLm
AiQ RphT TpLXdLZLm
AiQ RphT TpLXdLZLm
AiQ RphT TpLXdLZLm
AiQ RphT TpLXdLZLm
RrS BVo LpVp TpLXdLZLm
UjV LPpNo TpLXdLZLm (U.T.)
UjV TpLXd LZLm
AiQ Rp hTl TpLXdLZLm

LWd
Pp

09.05.1985

Nu]
Nu]
SpY
Nu]
LY
NXm
Nu]
Yo
Nu]
Nu]

1989

RgNo
Nu]
LVmjo
f
SpY
Nu]
Nu]
Yo
UW

2007








1929
1966
1971
1976
06.09.1978
15.09.1981
1982
30.04.1982
1984 HlWp
1985

1987
1990
1996
1988
1997
2000
2002
2002
2005

2007
2007
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2010

CkVp 45 UjV TpLXd LZLeLs Es[]. (30 SYmTo 2011)


CkVp 321 TpLXdLZLeLs Es[].
129 LoXl TpLXdLZLeLs Es[]. (23 June 2008)
187 RVo TpLXdLZLeLs Es[]. (7 _u 2012)
RrShp 2 UjV TpLXdLZLeLs Es[].
RrShp 29 LoXl TpLXdLZLeLs

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 5

www.kalvisolai.com

YEAR
1826
1831
1935
1835
1850-1900
1854
1859
1882
1902
1904
1917
1917
1918
1929
1937
1944
1945
1948
1948
1949
1952
1956
1959
1960
1962
1964-66
1966
1968
1969
1972
1972
1975
1976
1977
1978
1986
1989
1990
1992
1995
Nov.14-20

COMMISSIONS
COMMISSION
Training School in Chennai (First in India)
English introduces the Meadium of Instruction
Mechauleys Minutes
In West Bengal English Medium of instruction
Largr No. of private schools & Colleges started
Woods Despatch
Stanley Despatch
Hunter Commission/ Indian Education. Commission
Indian Education. Commission
Resolution passed (t\dL)
Saldler Commission/ Calcutta Education Commission
Second Movement Established
Patel Act
Hartag Commission
ZaheerHussain Commission (Varda)
Sargent Education. Commission
NCC Started at June 6
Tarachand Education Commission
Committee to frame Adult Education
Dr. Radhakrishnan Commission/ University Education Commission
Mudaliyar Education Commission/ Secondary Education Commission
UGC Established
Pragasam Commission (NUV NoTt\ SdLp)
Auroville (world Universal centreI Founded
NmWQkjLh (U] JUlThdLh)
Kothari Education Commission/ Indian Education Commission
National Book Trust established
National Curriculum frame work
National Institute Basic Education
UGC Act
International Commission for Education
Kendra Vidhyalaya Adopted 10, +2 scheme adopted
Education Union list into Concurrent List (42nd Amendment)
SUPW Eswarabai Patel Commission
New policy of Education (+2 TP\ SP\dYkR)

National Policy of Education (Rajiv Gandhi)


India Participated in the International Mathematical Olympiad
Joint council for Vocational Education
Programme of Action (POA) VijayaBaskara Reddy)
RZLjpA]Ydm Lpj hPm NhPNTp NhPUL
CVt\lThP.

National Book Week


NUfo Lp - jdUWu

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 6

www.kalvisolai.com

ABBREVIATIONS & EXPANSIONS


ABL
ABT
AEO
AICTE
APEID
BRC
CABE
CAPE
CAI
CAS
CBE
CBSE
CMNMP
CRC
DACEP
DCE
DIET
DTERT
DWCRA
EMRC
GTTI
IEA

LOE
MER
MES
MHRD
MLL
NAAC
NAEP
NCERT
NEP
NFTW
NHC
NLM
NPERC
OSS
PERP
POA
RMSA
RFLP
RIPE
SCERT
SUPW
TAC
TNMP
TLM

Activity Based Learning


Activity Based Teaching
Assistant Educational Officer
All India Council for Technical Education
Asian Programme and Educational Innovation for Development
Block Resource Centre
Central Advisory Board of Education
Comprehensive Access to Primary Education
Computer Assisted Instruction
Centre of Advance Study
Central Board of Education
Central Board of Secondary Education
Chief Ministers Noon Meal Programme
Cluster Resource Centre
Development Activities in Community Education and Participation
Directorate of Collegiate Education
District Institute of Education & Training
Directorate of Teacher Education Research & Training
Development of Women and Children in Rural Area.
Educational Media Research Centre
Government Technical Training Institute
International Association for the Evaluation Educational
Achievement
Life Oriented Education
Madras Educational Rules
Moral Education in Schools
Ministry of Human Resource Development
Minimum Level Learning
National Assessment and Accreditation Council
National Adult Education Programme
National Council for Educational Research and Training
National Educational Policy
National Foundation for Teachers Welfare
National Human Right Commission
National Literacy Mission
National Policy of Education Review Committee
Open School System
Primary Education Renewal Project
Programme of Action
Rashtriya Mathimic Shiksha Abiyan
Rural Functional Literacy Project
Regional Inspector of Physical Education
State Council of Education Research and Training
Socially Useful Productive Work
Teachers Association Centre
Tamil Nadu Integrated Nutrition Meal Project
Teaching Learning Materials

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 7

www.kalvisolai.com

TRB
TRYSEM
TTC
UGC
UNCEF
UNESCO
UNESCO
UNICEF
UPE
VLC
WDO
WHO

Teachers Recruitment Board


Training to Rural Youth for Self Employment
Teacher Training Certificate
University Grand Commission
United Nations Children Education Fund
United National Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization 1946

United Nations Educational Scientific Cultural Organization


United Nations International Children Emergency Fund
Universalization of Primary Education
Village Level Committee
Women Development Officer
World Health Organization
IMPORTANT DAYS

JANUARY
NATIONAL DAYS:
January 9
Non-resident Indian (NRI) Day (in 1915 Gandhi came to India from
South Africa) Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas.
January 12
National Youth Day (Birth Anniversary of Swamy Vivekananda)
January 15
Army Day
January 26
Indias Republic Day.
January 7-13 Road Safety week.
INTERNATIONAL DAYS:
January 10
World Laughter Day
January 19
World Peace day
January 30
World Leprosy Eradication Day
FEBRUARY
NATIONAL DAY
February 1
Coast Guard Day
February 28 National Science Day
INTERNATIONAL DAY
February 14 Valentines Day
February 21 International Mother Language Day
MARCH
NATIONAL DAY
March 3
National Defense day
March 4
National Safety day
March 16
National Immunization Day
March 28
National Navigation Day / National Shipping Day
INTERNATIONAL DAY
March 8
International (UN Day) Womens Rights and International Peace,
International literacy Day, International Womens Day.
March 21
World Forestry Day;
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
March 22
World Day for Water; World Sight Day
APRIL
NATIONAL DAY
April 5
International Day for Mine awareness
April 24
Women Political Empowerment day, Panchayat Day
April 14-20 Fire Service Week.

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 8

www.kalvisolai.com
INTERNATIONAL DAY
April 7
World Health Day
April 22
Earth day
April 28
World Veterinary Day
MAY
NATIONAL DAY
May 01
International Labour Day, Maharashtra Day
May 03
World Press Freedom Day, International Energy Day
May 08
International Red Cross (It is celebrated to Commemorate the Birth
Anniversary of the founder of the Red Cross Organization Jean Henry
Dunant)
May 11
National Technology Day (Indias First Atomic Test conducted in
1974)
May 13
National Solidarity Day
May 15
International Family Day
May 17
World Telecom Day
May 24
Common Wealth Day
May 28
Official Language Day
May 29
The International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers
May 30
Goa Day
May 31
World no Tobacco Day
INTERNATIONAL DAY
May 1
Workers Day (International Labour Day)
May 3
Press Freedom Day
May 8
World Red Cross Day
May 22
International Day for Biological Diversity
May 31
Anti Tobacco Day/ World No Tobacco Day
JUNE
NATIONAL DAY
June 29
National Statics Day
INTERNATIONAL DAY
June 01
Global Day of Parents
June 5
World Environment Day (Theme: Small Islands and Climate Change)
June 12
World Day against Child Labour
(Theme: Extend Social Protect Combat Child Labour)
June 14
World Blood Donor day (Theme: World Blood day campaign is safe
blood for serving Mothers)
June 17
World Day to Combat Desertification
June 20
World Refugees Day
June 21
World Music Day
June 23
United Nations Public service day
June 26
International day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
June 27
World Diabetes day
June 28
poors Day
JULY
NATIONAL DAY
July 1
Doctors Day
July 22
National Flag Adoption Day
July 24
Income Tax Day
INTERNATIONAL DAY
July 2
World Sports Journalists Day
July 06
World Zoonoses Day, World Rabies Day
July 10
Breast Feeding Day
M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 9

www.kalvisolai.com
July 11
July 1st Saturday
AUGUST
NATIONAL DAY
August 09
August 15
August 29
INTERNATIONAL DAY
August 1st Sunday August 06
August 08
August 09
August 12
August 18
August 19
August 23
SEPTEMBER
NATIONAL DAY
September 01
September 02
September 05

September 14
September 15
September 22
September 24
September 26
INTERNATIONAL DAY
September 01
September 02
September 08
September 15
September 16
September 19
September 21
September 22
September 24
September 25
September 26
September 27
During last week
OCTOBER
NATIONAL DAY
October 01
October 02
October 08
October 31
INTERNATIONAL DAY
October 01
October 02
-

World Population Day


International Day of Cooperatives

Quit India Day


Indian Independence Day
National Sports Day (Birth Anniversary of India Hockey Wizard Dhynachand)

International Friendship Day


Hiroshima Day
World Senior Citizens Day
Nagasaki Day
International Day of the Worlds Indigenous People
International Youth Day, Librarians Day
International Day of the Worlds Indigenous Peoples
Photography Day/ World Humanitarian Day
International Day for the Remembrance of Slave Trade and its
Abolition.

LIC Day
Coconut Day
Teachers Day (Dr.Sarvapalli Radha Krishnans Birthday Anniversary),

Sanskrit Day
Hindi Day
Engineers Day
Rose Day (Welfare of Cancer Patients)
The Girl Child Day
Day of the Deaf
Non Aligned Day
World Yoga Day
World / International literacy Day (UNESCO), Grandparents Day

International Day of Democracy


World Ozone Day, International Ozone Day
International Talk Like a Pirate Day
Alzheimers Day, Day for peace & Non Violence (UN)
Rose day (Welfare of Cancer patients)
World Heart Day
Social Justice Day
Day of the Deaf
World Tourism Day
World Maritime Day

National Blood Donation Day


Mahatma Gandhi Jayanthi
Air Force Day
National Integration Day (Indira Gandhi Death Anniversary)
International Day of Older Persons
International Day of Non Violence

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 10

www.kalvisolai.com
October 02 08
October 04
October 05
October 06
October 09
October 10
October 11
October 13
October 15
October 16
October 17
October 21

October 24
NOVEMBER
NATIONAL DAY
November 11
November 14
November 25
INTERNATIONAL DAY
November 10
November 20
DECEMBER
NATIONAL DAY
December 2
December 4
December 7
INTERNATIONAL DAY
December 1
December 10
-

Wildlife Week
World Animal Day
World Teachers Day
World Habitat Day
World Sight Day, World Post Day
World Mental Health Day
International Day of the Girl Child
International Day for Disaster Reduction
Global Hand washing Day
World Food Day
International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
Police Commemoration Day, Global Iodine Deficiency disorder
Prevention day
United Nations (UN) Day, International Poverty Eradication Day

National Education Day


Childrens Day (Nehru Birth Anniversary Day)
NCC Day
Worlds Science Day for peace and Development
Universal Childrens Day (UN), Africa Industrialization Day

National Pollution Day


Indian Navy Day
Indian Armed Forces Flag Day
World AIDS Day
Int. Human Right Day; International Childrens Day of
Broadcasting.
International Mountain Day

December 11
Nd TsLs (Sainik Schools)

TLlj \ AUfNo V.K.xQU]u


UQYoLu \lj\uLs (Special talents) UmTjRm, C[m
YVXV
UQYoLPm
Toj\uL[
Y[odLm,
Shu
TLlQoY, FhPm Nd TsLs CVe Yu\].
RrShp EUXlThPd Ap AUWY SLp Nd Ts
Es[. RtT lo UYhPjp Es[.
UjRm 17 Nd TsLs Es[]. CY Nd Tsd LZLjRp
(Sainik School Academy) SPjRlT\. CRu RXYo CkV TLl
AUfNo.
CBSE- EPu CQdLlTh 10, +2 Lp\ uTt\lT\.
Ce Rof Tt\ UQYoLs ToTP Lpp (Military Colleges)
Nok ThPlTl Tu\]o.
Ce Tm 11-18 YVs[ UQYoLs RV TLld LZL
ZjRod RVo NnVlT\oLs.
Zj Ro RV TLld LZLjRp SPjRlT\.
CkVp 24 Nd TsLs Es[].

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 11

www.kalvisolai.com

National Defence Academy (RV TLld LZLm)


ULWxW UXm ] Ap LPd Yh^X Gu\ CPjp
AUks[.
TLl AUfNLju r CVem J CWYl Tt Y]U
RV TLld LZLm.
UpXd Lpdl \ Ce Tm Ttu RWm TpLXdLZL
ThPlTldlu Rd CQVL LRlTm.
CWYd Lp, Nd TsLs Tu\Y RV TLld
LZLju BXN]lTV CVeu\].
Ce Tt TTYo lTPLp Junior Commissioner Officer BL
Tp Nojd Ls[lTYo.
CkV WYd Lp (National Military College)

 EjWlWRNjp Es[ (January, August) UQYoLs (J UXjt


JYo Rm) NodLlTu\]o.
 YV YWm 11-12, 10+2+3 Lp \ Ce uTt\lT\.
UQYoLd AkRkR UX AWN ERjRL YZe\.
Rdm TpLXdLZLm (Floating University)

 Ru RXL LlTp R[l TpLXdLZLm (Ship Board University)


AUdLp S.S.Universe Gu\ LlTp RtdLlTh Sponsored by
Colorodo University
 Nu]d 1978-p YkR.
 J NUvPo 100 ShLs. 461 UQYoLs, LPp 6 ShLs 1 YWjt 1
Yl, 70 BVoLs, 10 SLp 13 \LeLd Nu\.
E[Vp AOoLs TVuTjV XeLs
1. RoiPd

- ]

2. TqXq

- Sn

3. vu]o

- G, \

4. LyXo

- We (pRu)

SYRV TsLs CYoLdLL HtTjRlThP? WUl\eLp


\UV] ZkRLdLL
AICTEGuT A]j CkV Rt Lp Lup Bm.
SYRV TsLs CYo LXjp RPeLlThP WqLk
\NW Lp Informal EducationG]m AZdLlT\

Es[

IGNOUCkR Bi YlThP 1985


CBTEGuT \UV] AlTPV] BVo Lp
PBTEGuT NVp \u AlTPp BVo Lp Bm.
AACTE GuT AUdLu LpLu NeLm, BVo LpdL] Bm.

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 12

www.kalvisolai.com












CYu Cpf CRPu RPo LiP TsL[t\ NRVm.


TsL[t\ NRVm GuT TsLs CpXR EXLm TtV.
CIDOC GuT Tu]h LXfNW BYQ UVm (Centre for Intercultural
Documentation)
BWmT Lp Xp LtjRp UtU RTlTP Y \L[ \p GuT
LoXPu Yx Tou u]jR hPm (1919)
u N hPm CkR YLV TVuTjm Lp\ Bm. LRm, L[l
TVQeLPu V Vp
Pplv PnUo YphWl LpV ALm NnRo A NUVdLp
Utm ZkRLPm BuL Y[of TtVRm.
CBSEGuT UpX UVd Bm.
+2 TPj hPjp Es[ YL`]p Ls Y] Ls G]lThP].
\UV] BiLs Utm TiLs CkVk Y SLd
Nu \l LpV LpLp NnY [ NXY GuTRm.
C[UVL Es[TR AYoL[ TVu GuT CRPu RPoPV
UdLhRL Lp
UdLs RL Lp G] TVhPYo SVp Ph ToXNu
mT Lh;lThP Y[olTm,TVp Sn TWYUp RdL ERY
Gm\ Lp Bm. TVp Lp
UdLs RL Gu\ RXlT Tt SPkR RV LWjRWe Ce
SPTt\? mT 1969
UdLs RL Lpd TPjhPm RVjRYo LTp Wq
AWNeLm Hu TWYX] LpV TWlT hPhP? YUV JlTRtLL
PAG CRd d\ WRm BXN] (Protein Advisory Group)
WHOGuT EXL LRW Y]m Bm.
FAOEQ Utm YNV Y]m (Food and Agriculture)
UNICEFGuT JeLQkR SLu Tu]h ZkRLu
To YeV T URu kR]p NUR]jt GW] TW
YdL YiPm Gu V? UNESCO
UNESCOTu]h AVp Utm LXfNW Y]m
Lp J Nd YnkR LVL RV JUlThP Rm G] VYo?
ojR
CAPEGuT BWmT Lpp Y] A\ (Comprehensive Access ro
Pre Education) Bm.
CAPE RpVPks[ Tt RPeLlThP
MPFL GuT NVp\ Lpd TWkR hPm (Man Program of Functional
Literacy)
NLM GuT RV Lp U`u (National Literacy Mission)
JSN GuT _] d` XVm (Jana Siksha Nilayam)
oYLm POSD CORB UVUL LiP?
POSD CORB GuT
P - hPm (Planning)
O SPjRp (Organize)
S- BVW VjRp (Staffs)
D CVdRp (Directiy)
CO JjZjRp (Co-Ordinatory)
R AdL NUojRp Reportory)
B YW NX hPjR TY. (Budjetiy)
Wv u CRPu RPoPV GoU\ Lp

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 13

www.kalvisolai.com
 UiN Lp Rr Shp Ges[?
 SR ThP Nu]p
 MLL GuT TlTp \kR ThN A[ (Minimum Level Learning) (R.H. Rq
GuTYWp RPeLlThP)
 MLL 663 BWmT `VeLs Tt Lis[
 DPEP GuT UYhP BWmT Lp hPm Bm.
 LOE GuT YrdL NokR Lp Bm
 OBB GuT LmTXL CVdL (1986) Bm.
 TWu TlT Gu VYo VvTp
 GL`u Gu\ Np Xju YojRV] GLo Gu\ NpX Bm
 \kR Ts Rr Shp CkR Bi YeLlThP? (1985 Nu]p
DTERT Bp)
 ILO GuT Tu]h RX[o Y]m (International Lobour Oragization)
Bm.
 UNFPA GuT IdV SLu - UdLs RL TVuThtLL
 MHRD GuT UR Y[ UmTh AUfNLm Bm.
 NCERT GuT BWnf Lp Utm TtdL] RV Lup Bm
 DTERT GuT UYhP Lp Utm TtdL] BWnf CVdSWLm Bm
 NEPA GuT RV Lp hPm Utm oYLm Bm.
 CRC GuT h Y[eLu UVm Bm
 BRC GuT YhPW Y[eLu UVm Bm
 ICDE GuT RXjW LpdL] Lup Bm
 CSIR GuT gO] Utm RtNX BWnf Lup Bm
 LLE GuT Bs Ym Lp Bm
 DHSE GuT UpX Utm EVoX Lpj \ Bm
 DEE GuT BWmT Ts LpdL] CVdSWLm Bm
 SLET GuT UX A[p Rj Ro Bm
 DDJ GuT Tk ThPVj RPoT ijRp Bm.
 mTp TuL Vo LpV 1967p V LWQm Lp T\R
RtNX TV[oLd Lp LhP
 AY CVdLm 1990p YdLlThP CkR dLdLL Ru
100%
LpVY TYRt
 V \kR ZkRLu C\l RjR \dL BWmdLlThP hPm
JeQkR ZkR Y[ol hPm - 1978
 RrShp Es[ WUl\ TpLXLZLm iLpp (Lk WUm) Es[
 CWhP U TR] Lp hPm RrShp Es[.
 UER GuT YdLm EXL[V NodL Utm TdLjRp.(Universaliation
Entrolment & Retewtier)
 BVd _Tt, NLTt, V U]lTuU CR EPlT GuT
LPUVm
 GuTRu YdLm JeQkR Lp F]t\d
 Utm YlTP LWQm Gu] SLPV NUR]jR TWlTm
YpXUp NUX Ls[m.
 CWi TiLdL] TpLXLZLeLs mT , LPdL]p Es[
 Ps WU`u jN ZkRdLdLL AUdLlThP
 lTUQ AUl RPo RLYp TUt\ SoLhp, Up\ Sd
Utm r\m SdVL Es[
 BVu dVd L U]mRu Gu VYo AWkRo

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 14

www.kalvisolai.com
hPhd Lt\u RXY LhT - dLs .
Tsm ZkRm Gm Xl TPjR AUdL Lp AOo _u
YXpX iPhPjRl TdL ERm Lp \ RtLp
WQ LX Lp SLWm Gu AZdLlTY LgWm
BWm LpLs SLWm Gu AZdLlTm Fo LgWm
LpLs SLWm Gu AZdLlTY UW
EiU AY RURu T\ ERYR BVo T G]dVYo NdWv
TgNu
m
UR
AYt\p
SPjRV
GjR]
XL[L
YLlTjs[o B
 Lt\d EQVL Es[ LLs iPp XeLp LLs
 hPhd Lt\p Gm V Lpd LhTh] EYdVYo pToh Utm










vu]o














BVu RXVV LPU GuT \mTP YLhY


RV GjR CVdLm RPeLlThP Bi 1986
Tm AUm Gm X GVYo V PpvPn
BVu CuVUVRl T GuT \VLd LtlT
TQu RPdLd Lp RY CXYNd Lp
j\u ZkRLs EYLd LWQm AYoLu CVtL A
ZkR Gm jRLju JqY TdLjRm BVo AkdL Yim
G]dVYo ^
BWmTd LXjp CkVu Ud LsL mUd LsL
CkVp Es[ vYTW TpLXdLZL AUPm Nk LRu
]P Gum i\u Xm LtjRX YjV AOo NdWv
Ro NkLRu BWUjR 1910-Bm Bi V CPm Tpo
Wgl Whu Ts G]lTm NRV JlTkRm Gm X TPjRYo
Lk

 E[Vp TtV V] BnL[ LrjV AOoLs TqXq, vu]o,


YhNu, Gleav

 Gm [dL Ut\ [d GV ERYm G]Y BVo RPofVLl


TdL Yim G]d VYo Ro
 pXY]m G] u AZdLlThP CPm RmTWm
 URW^ Gm LpdPeL[ TVuTjVYoLs vmLs
 _u pPu GuTYo LOo
 CWRxQu GRPu RPoPV TpLXd LZLd Lp
 Ck TpLXdLZLju AUPm L
 iQu AUl \Vl TtV LsLV YhPYo V_
 LmTXLjhPm YjY Tsu AlTP YNLs
 VW Gm X GVYo [hP
 jYd Lp \p UXeV Lp NUVd Lp
 NL JlTkRm Gm X TPjRYo ^
 GRm k LiP NVpTm Bt\X iQ Gu\Yo BpWh ]
 Lt\u BVjR V EYdVYo RoiPd
 NVu G]l TiPj RZWp lPlTm LPs Lu
 s[lTYm G] AZdLlTm YV 5-12 YV
 URLs G]lTYo Tts[ iQj \u A[ 140-dm Up

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 15

www.kalvisolai.com
 U] YVRm, LX YVRm AlTPVLd Li iQY UlhPYo
PoUu







Uu]o NWT NWY ULp p XVm Es[ CPm RgNo


LpVp J Shu T[RWm EVm Gm t tm N
U vhsv Gm Xl TPjRYo D.L. SV]o
CkV ULdL] UjV Y]m AUks[ CPm Uo
\NWd Lpp TVuTjRlTY SW YlT\d Lp, AgNp Yd Lp,
Y] Utm RXdLhd Lp

 CkVu aohPd Lpd AUdLlThP Bi 1929


 RV UdLs RLd Lpj hPm (National Population Education Project)
YlThP Bi 1980
 URu EPp, Es[m, BuU BVYtu \lj RuUL[ UVL
Yd LQoYR Lp G]d VYo - Lk.
 E[Vp XLv Gu\ Npu Ts AVp
 E[Vp YLL[ EYdVYo vu]o
 E[Vp TNR]d jhPYo C.Gf.YTo
 E[Vp LtLR BVo LtdmT UQYoLu Lt\p HtTY TVm,
Yl, L, RdLm
 E[Vp GuT URu S]Yt\ XV G]dVYo dUih Wn
 E[Vp GuT U] AVp ApX Gu VYo YhNu
 E[Vp GuT S] X TtV CR] YjVYo YhNu
 E[lTlTn LhT dUuh Wn
 URu Y[ofV GjR] TYeL[L dLXm 8
 URu NWN LY]f 4-6
 URu A YpLs G]lTTY Xu ElLs
 UR SPjRV A[kRV TVuTm E[Vp \Lp \Wp NTodL
VR \ ALSd \
 UWlTYm dLX] AUVt\ TYm G]dlhPYo vPu ap
 V SWjp JYu Ru ]p Lsm ThLu GidLV
[dY LY] f
 dLs LhT Ps.. Td
 ZlTU] LhTPV j oU GuTRj RjRYo RoiPd
 ZkRV ZkRVL LR Yim Gu VYo N
 ZkR RX[oL[ Rdm NhP 24
 ZkRL[ SpX Zp Y[odm T iQ D V G]dVYo
lPu
 ZkRLdL] Ltm EUV I.S NT WLP]lTjV 1959 SYmTo 20
 ZkRLu ToY LY]f 3 Rp 7 BL Cdm
 ZkRLu AYt\p Y[of j BWnf NnRYoLp dVU]Yo
V_
 ZkR LRp Lhm Uu A[m, RWm ZkRu ARp \u
NVpTLd So Rjp Cdu\] Gu VYo Sv Utm lUu
 UWl TYjp SPjRV TU[ oQlT JlTo
 UWl TYm UR YrdLp BWmT Xu Rl Bm Gu\Yo Wv
 Social Contact Gu\ u BVo ^
M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 16

www.kalvisolai.com
 School and Society BVo _u











Sign gestalt theory Variables Tolman


[Ls LiP YL W[Po
pToh iQ Ls 180 Bm (5x6x6=180)
pToh iQ GuT lTUQ \ iQ AUl
WUl\ Lp Tt Bn UtLiP PdPo `U
iPo LoPu GuTRu Ts ZkRLu RhPm
LLd mTeL[ BWnf NnRYo LhPo
Lop VoNu H RX\Lp BWnkR SiToLu GidL 1260
LN T VWp YlThP UV UifN
V_u LhT ZkRLu A\u Y[of TXd LhT

 V_u A\u Y[ofp Rh EQm TYm G]lTY \lk 18


URm YW

 V_u A\u Y[ofd LhTh] GkR E[Vp AOu ARp


\u Y[of LhThPu JlPXm Qo
 AYt\u \ YpLs G]lTY] ImXuLs
 U]m ANo CVdLm EPV Gu VYo V_
 U]lTWhPeLu YLLs 3
 U] SV l]hNm Xm QlTjRXm Gu\Yo @Wn
 U]SXm Uid BdLm Rm Gu VYo YsYo
 LdL Lt\p Gh XLs Es[].
 L]Ls Bn Gu\ X YhPYo dUuh @Wn
 Lt\u dV LjVp LsL GuTR] GjWjRYo pVm _mv
 Lt\p u]t\m LQlTPR X RdL X
 LtjRp LjlTP EYdL \V YdVYo SYd Utm Lu
 LtjRp CVkWj R[ju u] .Gl.vu]o
 L[d LhTd Lt\p LsL ojXu
 LY]f AV ERm L PvPvLl
 LY]fu Y TVo Xu Lh f
 YdvXo Tp Gm iQ A[Lp GkR YV]u iQ]
A[dLl TVuTm 60 YV
 UWuvLdL] iQ D 50-69
 iQ D LQdP ERm jWm = U]YV / LX YV x 100
 iQ D] LQdP VPV LQd\ TVuT\ vPou
 BdLXjRd LhThu u] TqXq
 BdL XjRd TpXq TVuTjV Xe Sn
 BdL XjRp Xm Lt\X EYdV TpXq
 BUV Uld LsLu AlTPp YjRYo vTWeLo
 BUV A[m Ts CQjRf NR]V EYdVYo (Thematic
Apperception Text TAT) oW
 BUd Lu YLlTh] VYo I^ud
 BU GuT JYW TiLu RjRuU YnkR AUl Gu
VYo pTo
M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 17

www.kalvisolai.com








SPjRVp (Behaviourism) YhNu, PpUu, vu]o, al


SPjR LhThu AlTPV] iPp-XeLp
YojRLd uT Ts Gu\ Lj] EPVYo TvPX
UifN \p YZeLlTm RiP] RUlTjRp
rX Tt BWnkR U]X BnY[o LpXd
U]SV l]hNm Xm QlTjRXm Gu\Yo @lWn
u]t\lTs CYWp YeLlThP H.Gv.p









BU Gm Npu (Persona) Ts SLWp AVlThP L


J ZkRu Rp BVo Tt\o
j\u UQYoLPm LQlTm \u BdLj\u
LvPph Gu\ _oUV YojR lT Ym
W_dh \V BRjRYo _u
Nu LtT] ZkR G
UR EU ]m NmTo 10









Ts Utm NLju (School and Scoiety) BVo _u


BWh ] GkR ShPf NokRYo lWuv
W^du UjRPf NR]p Es[PeV 10 Lohv
Gleav NR] GRPu RPoPV U\jRp
C LWd LsLV YjRYo vVoUu
BhXo, e VPV PoLs lWn
lWn GkR ShPf NokRYo BvV

 TVh YRm (Pragmatism) _u


 SodLh YL vu]o
R]L CVem NR]f NR]m (Automatic Testing Device) Wv
N GkR t\ip RX\kR LpV[o 18-m t\i
Lp YWmT] AY Y[od\ TgNu m
PvPvLl] YYUjRYo R.B.LhPp
of APkR JYu LY]f 6-7 BL Cdm.
RouPdu Ls Tt , [ , BVjR
CVtL SUd Td\ Gu VYo ^
Lpu V EjL[ LilTR Fdj T Adm Y]m
Gu..Bo. (NCERT)
 UR SV E[VX ALlTjVYo Lop W_ov










 Personality Gu\ Np GkR U CXju


 URoL[ ALLu, \Lu Gu YLlTjVY e
 CN ShPf NR]Pu RPoPVYo `o
 Yd^Xo iQ A[Lp (WAIS) NVtNR]Ls (PERFORMANCE TEST) 5






dLW LsLL[ AjRYo RovPu


BTp Gu\ E[Vp AOo RPoPV U\jRp LhT
Wo`d UjRPf NR] GkR BU A[m \jRt i\
N]dd Gu\ TPlTt\X Y[odm LtjRp \V YjRYo
_._.LoPu

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 18

www.kalvisolai.com



















RrShp UpXd Lp ALlTjRlThP Bi 1978


ZkR RX[oL[ Rdm NhP 24
Nl ALlTjRlThP Bi 1934
SYRV TsL[j RPeV WRUo Wq Lk
Nd Tsu LZLj RXYo Vo? TLl AUfNo (A.K.Menon)
vLY Bl Nph Gu\ jRLju BVo UV UifN
iQ NR]u RkR BpWh ]
EhLh YdLt\p LapXo
AYo TVuTjV Weu TVo pRu
^ \kR S _Y
BUu YLLs CWi
RodL V] kR] GuT BWnRp
]Yt\p Gu\ u Rp WV YhPYo GeLv
EPp Y[of YLUL SPTm TYm lTYm
YYUld LhThP EYdVYo GhYoh WhToh hf]o
Rp E[Vp BnYLjR EYdVYo YpLm ih
RVs YTL[ A[hPYo No.Wuv LpPu, Bo..LhPp
UjY E[Vp \Ls UvUo

























ARp \u Y[ofd LhT (Cognitive Development) V_, Qo


U\L AWl TLoRp Lop Bo. W_ov
NUWN AWl TLoRp Gl..Rou
Ud Lh LhT LvPph
EkRd\ld Lt\p LhT ap
iQf NR]u RkR BpWh ]
iQd LhPUl LhT _..pTo
iQ TXd LhT p Toh, Yo]u
iQ TXLW LsL RoiPd
iQ dLWd LsL Gp.GpRovPu
iQ CdLW LsL vVoUu
CVpdL LsL pVm UdLp, pVm _mv
dLs LhT W.D.Td
TUlTjRp LhT _h
JjRd (A) JjR QeLs LhT RoiPd
U\jRp NR] Gf.GeLv
U\jRp LhT TohXh
APdLm Ph UdXih
TXd Lt\p LhT Ld]
L[dLhTd Lt\p LsL ojXu
AY X ApX lT A[ PmT
UWlTYj]u WfN]Ls vPu ap
LhlTPt\ CQjRf NR] e

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 19

www.kalvisolai.com







































T[Y CQjRfNR] oW-UoLu


Tl E[Vp Lop e
R STo E[Vp BhXo
BdLj\m, iQm YqY\] TiLs Gu VYo PWu
iQ] u YLVLl jRYo RoiPd
PWuv V BdLj\u TiLs Ik
J L CWhPVoLs JW Zp Y[okRp AYoLu iQ D 87
RY[V RYdL[ Gu AZlT YhPW U
Bulimia GuT L EQ Ht Sn
Anorexia GuT EQ UjRp Sn
ClTp \kRYt\ ZkRLd YZeL UR C]m LPuThs[ G]
WLP]lTjV I.S. NT 1959-SYmTo 20 WLP]m
.Gv.UVov YjY S[\ E[Vp
RovPu LjlT iQ H YLlTm
iQd LhPUl LhT _..pTo
iQ C LWd LsL vVoUu
iQ DPu RPoPV TWYp CVpXl TWYp
URu NWN LY]f 4-6
hf]u YYUld LhThu TU]m AfNo CVdLPV
J URu LY] AXfNp 3 Rp 25 SLs YW
GuPm EPp SXs[ X ZkRL[ JlTPeLs AYoL[ GlT
Y[dLf NpoL[ AlTV Y[od\u Gu WjRYo YhNu
Adolescence Gu\ BeXf Npu AlTPl Ts Y[Rp
Eu]V AYn Gu VYo NdWv
XLv GuT BWnRX dm Np
Nd GuT EW dm Np
Ko ZkR Ru RV GjR] UReLd u]o APV[m Li dm
3-4 UReLs
j\u T\ AdZkRLu iQ D 130-d Up
ThWi Wv^u NL UmThtL] LR NUuT Y=f(X,D,M)
ToYj Lh pXo, XVo
Rp BoY YNl TYhP EYdVYo Po (G.F.Kuder)
vU GuT kRV A
[eLUp Ju\ TlT AR] ]p jd LsY Sh ]
YpPWl TsV RtjRYo Ppl vP]o
Wv^p TVuTjV \ RlTn \
Ud Lh LhT Gu\ V LsL GlT ERVUt 1917
\Lo G]lTTYo kR]
sVu RkR No W]p H v^o
ToYVt\dL] Lp TtV LY]m NjV Rp BVo YXiPu
au
BVoLdL] u TL[L [Nh, PNh, Yh BVYt\
oQjRYo GWvUv

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 20

www.kalvisolai.com
 AWl TLoRu UVUL NVpTm T SoLQp
 AYX ApX lT A[ PmT










WIAS Wechlers Adult Intelligence Scale


kRp VR GpX CkRd t lm Lt\p Tt
SPUm LsdLs G] E[Vp AOo lY s[l TYj]o
URoLs UtLsm RtLl SPjRLs 60
UYL LtTu iQ D 70 Rp 90
Afe NNh Gu\ u BVo UdXi
u\Y AX GVYo Bpu Pl[o
E[ CVtVp ] GVYo .. WuNo
u]NhP NR] - PWuv

 tTd Lpu RkR - TodLo


 \fNXL[ ojR TThP Ts - ao
 Winnetka plan Galton Washburn
 RtLj Gu\ NpX ALlTjVYo - Xd (Lekki)
 Rp EXLl Tp TolTPd BhL[ RokRdL BeXm GR TdLj
RkRYoLd NnR NR] - N]LdL] BpT NR] (Army Alpha
Test AAT)

CAT Childrens Apperception Test


DAT Differential Aptitude Test (1947Cp EYdLm NnVlThP, 1963-Cp
jRlThP, 8 EsNR]Ls Cp Es[.)
FAT Free Association Test - RPpX ApX LhlTPt\ CQjR
NR] (Jung Expand Kent & Rosaroff )
MAT Mechanical Aptitude Test (TVp ShPf NR]Ls)
TAT Thematic Aptitude Test

 UPUt\m (Sublimation) UPUt\m


 Es[ LsdLs (Living Question Marks) s[lTYj]o.
 dLX] AUVt\l TYm (Period of Strom & Stress) - vPu ap
 CVdLVp (Group Intelligence) Cast wright & Zandar
 U]Yf iQ (Emotional Intelligent) Jack Mayer & Peter Salovey (1990)
 NRVm Maciver & page - UdLYo & Tw.
 RV RPdLd Lp CVdLm (NEEM) EYdLlThP Bi - HlWp 1995
 KWVo TsV TkW NnRd - LjR
 _u`X hPm SC/ ST NLj]Pu RPoPV.
M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 21

www.kalvisolai.com
 [Vh \d LtjRX ALlTjVYo - LpYp d
 rSd YLhRp Gu\ LsL UdLX W
 rSd LRp LhT (Filtration Theory) aiPo
 Pp@l vP]o Lp \ YpToTd Lp \

















BVu dVd L U]mRu Gu VYo AWkRo


hPhd Lt\u RXY LhT - dLs .
Tsm ZkRm Gm Xl TPjR AUdL Lp AOo _u
YXpX iPhPjRl TdL ERm Lp \ RtLp
WQ LX Lp SLWm Gu AZdLlTY LgWm
BWm LpLs SLWm Gu AZdLlTm Fo LgWm
LpLs SLWm Gu AZdLlTY UW
EiU AY RURu T\ ERYR BVo T G]dVYo NdWv
KV G]lTm LkV jVXV Ts RuRp EYdLlThP Bi 1962
NTTS G]lTY RVj \u Roj hPm
RZLjp CpXR Ts SYRV Ts
Nj Gm LrTt\ Xl TPjR RXl TWhP Wo c AWkRo
ALo vm TpLXdLZLm AUks[ CPm EjWWRNm
NjV ALP GuT CXdV
CWUxQ `u Gm CVdLm RPeLlThP Bi 1896
RPdLdLpVl TUlTjR AiUp EYdLlThP CVdLm NoY
dN AVu

 TgNu
m
UR
AYt\p
SPjRV
GjR]
XL[L
YLlTjs[o B
 Lt\d EQVL Es[ LLs iPp XeLp LLs
 hPhd Lt\p Gm V Lpd LhTh] EYdVYo pToh Utm
vu]o









BVu RXVV LPU GuT \mTP YLhY


RV GjR CVdLm RPeLlThP Bi 1986
Tm AUm Gm X GVYo V PpvPn
BVu CuVUVRl T GuT \VLd LtlT
TQu RPdLd Lp RY CXYNd Lp
j\u ZkRLs EYLd LWQm AYoLu CVtL A
ZkR Gm jRLju JqY TdLjRm BVo AkdL Yim
G]dVYo ^

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 22

www.kalvisolai.com

PG TRB EDUCATION 2011 2012 QUESTIONS


1. How many chromosomes are there in human body?
a) 26
b) 36
c) 46
d) 39
2. When learnt material is reproduced without any manipulation, it is called
a) whole memory b) rote memory
c) prefect memory
d) immediate memory
3. Non-verbal test of intelligence is suitable for
a) deaf & dumb b) illiterate
c) younger children
d) all of them
4. The book Theory of Motivation is written by
a) Madson
b) Malsow
c) Murray
d) hull
5. Wechsler developed an intelligence test for children in the year
a) 1939 b) 1949
c) 1955
d) 1956
6. Pace setting school is renamed as
a) Primary School b) Pre-Primary School c) Nursery school
d) Navodaya School
7. How many open schools are there in Tamil Nadu?
a) 25
b) 26
c) 27
d) 28
8. Functional Literacy Programme had been started for
a) workers
b) farmers
c) tribal people
d) all of them
9. National Policy on Education was adopted in the year
a) 1981 b) 1983
c) 1986
d) 1989
10. In which level, Mahila Mandals are organized for adult education?
a) Block level
b) Village level
c) District level
d) State level
11. Which media is suitable for distance education?
a) Postal
b) Radio
c) Television
d) Newspaper
12. The book Education of Man is written by
a) John Dewey
b) Montessori
c) Froebel
d) Gandhi
13. Open university was started in England on
a) 1979 b) 1969
c) 1981
d) 1982
14. Mobile school was first recommended by
a) McDougal
b) Ivan
c) Neil
d) Parker
15. Who said Education is related to life?
a) Gandhi
b) Nehru
c) Tagore
d) Russell
16. The UNESCO has supported the proposal of
a) women education
b) adult education
c) education for all d) none of these
17. Which district has the lowest density of population in Tamil Nadu?
a) Nilgiris
b) Peramablur
c) Sivagangai
d) Dharmapuri
18. Which country started experiments in Distance Education in the year 1873?
a) UK
b) USA
c) USSR
d) Japan
19. Child Labour Eradication Day is held on
a) June 12
b) July 12
c) August 12
d) November 12
20. Which is called formal agency of Education?
a) School
b) Home
c) Society
d) None of these
21. Rousseaus Educational Philosophy is
a) Negative education
b) Basic education
c) Vocational education
d) Secondary education
22. Self-education is related to
a) Russell
b) Aurobindo
c) Tagore
d) Rousseau
23. Mahila Samakhya is a plan for the development of
a) Backward people
b) SC/ST people
c) Women
d) Rural students
24. Viswabharati is located at
a) West Bengal
b) Maharashtra
c) Bihar
d) Delhi
25. Who is related to freedom in learning situation?
a) Krishnamoorthy
b) Aurobindo
c) Radhakrishnan
d) Tagore
M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 23

www.kalvisolai.com
26. Span of vision is measured by
a) Memory drum
b) Tachistoscope
c) Masons disk
d) Metronome
27. Which theory of intelligence was supported by Alfred Binet?
a) Single factor b) Two factor
c) Group factor
d) Multi factor
28. Psychoanalytic approach of personality was first introduced by
a) Adler
b) Jung
c) Freud
d) none of them
29. In Gagnes hierarchy learning has been divided into
a) 8 types
b) 9 types
c) 7 types
d) 10 types
30. A superior child is advanced to a normal child by at least
a) 1 year
b) 1 years c) 2 years
d) 2 Years
31. The seaport of Pandiyas was
a) Thondi
b) Musiri
c) Korkai
d) poombukar
32. Who wrote the book Gora?
a) Dr.S.Radhakrishnan b) Rabindranath Tagore
c) Mulk Raj Anand d) L.K.Advani
33. The name by which Ashoka is generally referred to in his inscriptions is
a) Chakravarthi b) Dharmadeva
c) Priyadarshi
d) Dharmakirti
34. Which of the following provided the revenue for the Delhi Sultanate?
a) Kharaj
b) Khams
c) Jiziya
d) Zakat
35. The common refrigerant in domestic refrigerator is
a) Neon
b) Oxygen
c) Nitrogen d) Freon 12
36. The present Secretary General of the United Nations Organisation is
a) Ban Ki moon
b) Shashi Tharoor
c) Kofi Annan
d) Ashraf Ghani
37. The Constitution of India came into force on
b) 26th January, 1950
a) 26th November, 1949
th
c) 26 January, 1949
d) 15th August, 1949
38. The President of India can nominate how many members to Rajya Sabha?
a) 2
b) 4
c) 6
d) 12
39. India won World Cup Hockey in the year
a) 1971 b) 1973
c) 1978
d) 1975
40. The full form of NABARD is
a) National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
b) National Bank and Research Department
c) National Bharat radar Defence
d) Nuclear and Bharat Radar Defence
Answer Key
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 24

www.kalvisolai.com

PG TRB EDUCATION 2012 2013 QUESTIONS


1. The Learning of a particular task facilitates subsequent learning of another task is called :
a) Negative transfer of learning
b) Zero transfer of learning
c) Positive transfer of learning
d) none of these
2. Theory of hierarchical of human needs is proposed by :

a) Morgan

b) Murry

c) Atkinson

3. Which is not Defence Mechanism?


a) Rationalization b) Compensation

d) Abraham Maslow

c) Projection

d) Conflict

4. Which of the following is not a biological factor of personality?


a) Physique
b) Intelligence
5. The formula used to arrive IQ is :
.
..
b) . x 100
a) .  100

c) Nervous System

d) Chemique

c) M.A x C.A x 100 d) M.A. x C.A. 100

6. Role of the Teacher in Chi ld-centered Education:


a) Motivate children to learn
c) Become active member of the group

b) Provide a suitable environment


d) All of these

7. Joyful Learning is based on the principles of Pedagogy which are entirely based on :
a) Activity based learning
b) Child centered learning
c) Examination centered learning
d) Both (A) and (B)
8. Who is the founder of the Community School viewing the publication of The Village

College?
a) Ivan Illich
b) Henry Morris
c) John Dewey
d) Mahatma Gandhi
9. The Sainik Schools are a system of schools in India Conceived in 1961 by :
a) A.K.Krishna Menon
b) J.K.Krishna Menon
c) S.K.Krishna Menon
d) V.K.Krishna Menon
10. Which Institute is the producer of Educational Television Programme for young children
between 5 and 11 year age group?
a) Central Institute of Educational Technology, New Delhi
b) Central Institute of Educational Technology, Karnataka

c) Central Institute of Educational Technology, Andhra Pradesh


d) Central Institute of Educational Technology, Tamil Nadu
11. In the 19th Century the research by ............ proclaims that in Bengal state of the 5 lakh
population only 4 women were literates
a) Chatterji
b) Rockfeller
c) Adiseshaiah
d) Adam Smith
12. Book illusion is a figural illustration representing which one of the following ;
a) Split attention
b) Span of Attention
c) Division of attention
d) Fluctution of attention
13. Principle of Hedonism in Emotional development is a concept that concentrates on :
a) Pleasant
b) maturity
c) Pedagogy d) Achievement
14. Who is popularly known as Gangaikonda Cholan?
Paranthaka I
b) Rajaraja I
c) Rajaraja II
d) Rajendra I
15. NCTE stands for :

a) National Council for technical Education


b) National Centre for Teacher Education
c) National Centre for Teacher Education
d) National Centre for Technical Education
16. The committee that suggested a system of multipurpose education at the secondary
stage was :
a) Ramamurthi Committiee
c) Hunters Committee

b) Tarachand Committee
d) Hartog Committee

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 25

www.kalvisolai.com
17. By the constitutional amendment of............. Education was placed on the concurrent

list
a) 1974

b) 1975

c) 1976

d) 1977

18. No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work... is mentioned in ........

of Indian constitution
a) Article 23
b) Article 45
c) Article 30
d) Article 45 (A)
19. NCERT in its publication documents on, Social, Moral and Spiritual values in Education
(1979) has drawn up ............... values to be inculcated through education
a) 90
b) 84
c) 45
d) 35
20. Manpower planning is highly influenced by the pattern of ..........
a) Exportation
b) Importation
c) Deportation
d) Migration
21. Conflict between two negative goals is
a) Avoidance Avoidance
b) Avoidance Approach
c) Approach Approach
d) None of these above
22. The Goal of Educational Innovation is :
a) Positive Change in Learning
b) Negative Change in Learning
c) Never Change in Learning
d) Both (A) and (B)
23. Which Ashram presents Ideal of Human Unity?
a) Ramakrishna Mission
b) Vivekananda Ashram
c) Sri Aurobindo Ashram
d) Gandhiji Ashram
24. Who first advocated that Women are equal to men in Education?
a) Vivekanandar
b) Rousseau
c) Gandhiji d) Dhayananda Saraswathi
25. The preamble of the Indian constitution describes one of the principles as follows :
a) Equality
b) Monarchi
c) Differentiate
d) Isolation
26. __________developed his theory of identical elements to explain transfer of learning
a) Pavlov
b) Guthire
c) Woodsworth
d) Thorndike
27. ________ involves higher order cognition in the interpretation of sensory information
a) Illusion
b) Perception
c) Sensation
d) Hallucination
28. I. Problem solving ability improves with age

II. This improves in terms of both speed and accuracy


a) I is correct, II is wrong
c) II is correct, I is wrong
29. Trial and Error theory was given by :
a) Ivan Pavlov
b) Edward L.Thorndike
30. Ebbinghaus experiment is related to :
a) Curve of memory
c) Curve of learning

b) I and II are wrong


d) I and II are correct
c) Skinner

d) Hull

b) Curve of forgetting
d) none of these

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 26

www.kalvisolai.com
Answer Key

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

M.Prasanna. M.A., (Tam), M.A., (H.R), M.A., (Edu), M.Sc., (Psy), M.Sc., M. Phil., B.Ed., PGT in Botany, Tiruvannamalai 27