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Transformations Content 27a1 Transformations Leaming Outcomes Itude: (2). * use the flowing transformations ofthe plane: reflection (M), rotation (R), transition (Ty,erlargement(E), shea (1), stetzh (3), and thelr combinations (F Ma) = b and Rb) = cthe notation RMa)~e willbe used invariants under tose transformations may be ‘assumed; (b) “iden and give precise descritons of transformations connecting given figures * Critcal areas wich are tin the syllabus but included to make learing of the topics more compete Define Transformation Transformation (in mathematics) is defined as a function that, changes the position or direction of the axes of a coordinate system. It occurs when the position, shape or size of a shape is changed 2 Transformation can be isometric or non-isometric. ‘+ In /sometric transformations, the shape and size is not changed Examples of isometric transformations are reflection, rotation and translation. + In non-isometric transformations, the shape and size is changed, Examples of non-isometric transformations are dilations, stretching and shearing. Reflection Reflection is defined as the operation of exchanging all points of a mathematical figure with their mirror ima Under a reflection, the figure and its image are symmetrical about the line of reflection; area, angles and shape are preserved, ‘+ The line of reflection is defined as the perpendicular bisector of the line joining any point to its image. * Toffind the line of reflection, join one point on the object to its corresponding point on the image, e.g. A to A;. The perpendicular bisector of this line is the line of reflection. 2 Invariant points are points that remain unchanged after going through a transformation. The points on the line of reflection are invariant points. Reflection © Reflection in the x-axis Mi(XY)>(X-¥) © Reflection in the y-axis Mz (xy) > (-%Y) © Reflection in the line y = x M3 (x,y) —> (YX) © Reflection in the line y MQ) (-¥,-X) How to reflect a figure about a line ‘Triangle ABC below is reflected about the line, x = 3to give the image A’B'C’. Steps © Note the perpendicular distance from each point of the figure ABC to the line of reflection. A (1,3) is 2 units from the line of reflection x = 3 B (1,1) is 2 units from the line of reflection x= 3 © (2,2) is 1 unit from the line of reflection x = 3 © Draw the reflected point of the same distance away on the opposite side of the line of reflection. (1,3) is reflected to A’ (5,3), where A'is 2 units away from the line x B (1,1) is reflected to 8’ (6,1) where B’is 2 units away from the line x =3 C (2,2) is reflected to C'(4,2) where C’is 1 unit away from the line x = 3