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Piping Stress

Handbook
Second Edition

Victor Helguero M.

Piping Stress
Handbook
Second Edition

Gulf Publishing Company


Book Division
Houston, London, Paris, Tokyo

Piping
Second
Library of

ISBN G87201_?03-6

Copyright @ 19_86 by Gulf publishing Company,


Housron, Texas. All
ngfts reserved. printed in the United Stabs;f

p-ar,b

ttrepf.

A;dca- itis book;;


*itt out perJsio'i

may not be regoduced io a"y fo.rn

of the publisher.

$BN GE720r-nB{

.::

-i.j.

. -- ,,

Contents
vlll

Preface

Chapter

Basic Theory of Pipe Stress and ANSI/ASME Codes 831.1, 831.3'


... . .. 1
831.4, and 831.8 Ptpe Stress Compliances . . . .

Pipe Stress Theory. Expansion Stresses. Cold Springing. ANSI 831.1 Fower
Piping Code Stress Compliances (1983). ANSI 831.3 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping Code Stress Compliances (1984). ANSI B31.4 Liquid Fetroleum Transportation Piping Code Stress Compliances. DOT/B31.8
Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems Stress Compliances. Standard Oudine for ANSI B3l Codes.

Chapter 2
Coefficients of Thermal

Expansion

,........17

Tables. Example Problem.

Chapter 3
Allowable Stress Range for ANSI/ASME Power Piping Code 831.1
..... 38
(1e83)

Tables.

Chapter 4
Allowable Stress Range for ANSI/ASME Petroleum Piping
Code 831.3 (19M) .
Thbles.

... ....73

Chapter 5
Stress Intensification and Flexibility Factors

tlz

Definitions. Thbles.

Chapter 6
Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical Vessels

......l?a

Thbles.

Chapter 7
hessure and Shess Ratioo

.......177

Thbles. Instructions and Examples. Branch Reinforcement. Sample Calcula_


tions for Branch Reinforcement.

Chapter 8
Ihsign Criteria for Allowable loads, Moment, and Stresses

........257

Design Criteria for Pumps with Steel Nozzles anit Casings. Design Criteria for
Pumps with Cast Iron or Aluminum Nozzles and Casings. Design Criteria ior
Tirbine Drivers wilh Steel Nozzles and Casings. Design Criteria for Thrbine
Drivers with Cast Iron or Aluminum Nozdes and Casings. Design Criteria for
Compressors with Steel Nozzles and Casings. Design Criteria for Cornpres_
sors with Cast Iron or Aluminum Nozzles and Casings. ApI Code 661 Design
Criteria for Air-Cooled Heat Exchansers.

Chapter 9
Simptified Solutions for Pipe Stress

265

Example Problem 9-1. Thbles. Example Problem 9-2.

Chapter 10

PropertiesofPipe
Definitions. Thbles.

.........292

Chapter

11

Components

Weight and Dimensions of Pipe and

..

. 299

Weight of Pipe and Components. Tables.

Chapter 12
Allowable Pipe Span Formulas and

Thbles

...... ... 314

Pipe-Span Stress Limits. Pipe-Span Deflection Limits. Piping Wind Loads.

Chapter 13
Pipe Support Selection and

Design

..,...,

34

Pipe Supports. Spring Supports. Insulated Pipe Supports and Anchors for
Cryogenic Service. Thbles.

Chapter 14
Fundamentalsof

ExpansionJoints.

........351

Types of Joint Movements. Nomenclature and Symbols. Types of Expansion


Joints. Anchors, Guides, and Supports. Forces and Moments' Cold Springing
of Expansion Joints. Cycle Life Expectancy. Corrosion. Erosion. Calculating
Thermal Expansion. Precompression. Application, Pipe Guides and Guiding.
Iocation of Expansion Joints. End Connections. Covers. Sleeves.

..... ....

Glossary
Index

368

.,..373

vtl

heface

Determining piping stresses for the design

of

petro_

.
chemical and.power plant piping systems iniolves ^many

complex mathematical calculations. These calculationi


cal be solved with the aid of any one of several computer
programs available provided they have the required ca_
pacity and an acceptable input/output format. The most
formidable task facing the engineer is compiling the ex_
tenslve amount ot data needed to run the program. These
data include physical properties. allowable stiesses, valve
weights and dimensions. stress intensification factorsthermal expansion coefficients. spring hangers and expanslon Jotnt selectlon, and piping wind loads.

This reference book provides formulas, technical data.


and other pertinent design information not readilv avail_
able in a single source for the piping stress analyit in the
petrochemical industry who often has difficulry co ecting
the required data and solutions to complete a piping stresi

analysis.
.Depending on the magnirude and complexity of
the job, the data needed to complete a given tasi may be
scattered throughout a host of sources. The author's aim is
to bring together in a single reference all the above mate_
rial and present it in a convenient form.
Much of the information included in this book was ob_
tained from the work of others; some was used in its orisi_
nal form. while some was rearranged for this applicatio-n.

The author wishes to acknowledge his indebtedness to

Mr. Robert Kingshill, Virender Shukla, and Timothv W.


Calk. for their assisrance in preparing this handbooki and
the American Society of Mechanical Ensineers which
generously permitted the author to use sevlral eouations
to develop tabulations contained in this handbook.
Suggestions and criticism concerning errors that may
.9.T]l spite_of all precautions will be greatly appri
ciated. They will contribute to the further improvement of

this reference handbook.

Victor Helguero M. , PE.

viii

Basic Theory of Pipe Stress and ANSI/ASME


Codes 831..1, 831.3, 83L.4, and 831.8
Pipe Stress Compliances

The bending stress due to temperature, weight of pipe,


contents, insulation, snow and ice, wind or earthquake is
calculated by the following equatron:

Pipe Stress Theory


To understand the basic criteria of the ANSI+ pressure
piping code, it will be useful to explain the way different
stresses develop when a piping element is subjected to a

number of loading conditions. There are four main

piping element, as shown in Figure l1. The following gives the intensity of these stresses and
the manner in which they may be combined:
stresses that

affe.t

t,

: Vqgrr'lt*+l
Z

where

:
:

S5

Ii
L

* For

reasons of space these codes will be designated ANSI codes


riroughout the text of the book, Some readers may be mor familiar
with the desisnation ANSI/ASME as indicated in the headings.

Mi
M"
Z

:
:
:

Bending stress

In-plane stress intensification factor


Out-of-plane stress
intensif ication factor
In-plane moment, lb-in.
Out-of-plane moment, lb-in.
Section modulus of pipe, in.3

The direct longitudinal stress due to tmperature and


weisht is calculated as follows:

lJ\J"

:
Fu :

where A
s

t \o
S, I

The longitudinal stress due to internal pressure is calculated as follows:

^PD

"P
Sr

=
S, =
Ss =
Sc

Longitudinal stress and the sum of three


component parts (see Equation 1-1).
Circumlerential stress
Radial stress
Shear stless

Figure 1-1. Stress-free-body diagram.

Metal pipe cross-sectional area, in.z


Direct force, lb

4t'

where P
D

=
=

Internal pressure
Outside diameter of pipe
(see Chapter 10)

Pipe wall thickness


(see Chapter 10)

S:

0 (shear)

Piping Stress Handbook

Both significant stresses act in the same direction;


therefore the stresses are "additive," i.e.

: S6+\+Sa

S1

(1-l)

Nofe: Inngitudinal stresses due to temperature are excluded from the combination when doing code calculations.

Circumferential stress, S., is primarily due to internal

The preceding method is known as the maximum shear


theory (Iresca) and is the preferred method of the ANSI
Code. A second method, known as the distortion-energy
theory (Von Mises), also provides good results but is not
used by the Code:

"'3S-+J--T-+ STTT$"

pressufe:

S^:.q,D
-2t
Radial.stress, S., is primarily due to internal pressue,
which is equal to P.

S.=P

The ANSI pressure piping code recognizes that stress

Shear sfiess, S", is the sum of two component parts: tortional stress and direct shear stress (the second stress is
usually negligible). (This condition occurs in three-dimensional piping systems.)

ss:
where

Expansion Stresses

+2.0&

SS:

T:
F,:

Shear stress
Torque, lb-in.
Resultant shear force
Cross-sectional area of pipe
Section modulus of pipe

z:
sr: T/22, tortional

due to thermal expansion tends to diminish with time as a

result of local yielding or creep. This reduction of stress


will appear as a stress of opposite sign in the cold condition. This phenomenon is known as self springing. Cold
springing is similar, and although the hot stresses tend to
diminish with time, the sum of the hot and cold stresses
for any one cycle will remain practically constant.. This
sum is called the stress range, ard, the code for pressure
piping defines this allowable expansion stress range established for thermal expansion in terms of hot and cold tabu-

lar S values

S.

stress

F (1.25 S"

where S,

While the ANSI pressure piping code considers stresses


due to therrnal expansion separately from primary stresses
due to pressure, weight, and external loadi_ngs,/it is obvious that when combined stresses formulas and a specific
yield criterion existr/stresses from all loadings should be
included to delermine the principal stresses before confirming them. Resultant principal stresses at the outside

as:

:
Sr, :
F:
S"

+ 0.25 Sh)

Allowable expansion stress range

(see

Chapters 3 and 4)

Allowable stress for the cold condition


(see Chapters 3 and 4)
Allowable stress for the hot condition (see
Chapters 3 and 4)
Stress range reduction factor for the cyclic

condition

fiber are as follows:

Sr

. sz

l/2

|2

Ib calculate

[Sr

+ S. +..//4St+ (S'=TFf

[g + s"

- "v4trTre-.l]zr

the principal stresses use 51 or 52, whichever

is greater, or the following equation:

\4* + C;=TJ'

(r-2)

Tbtal No. of Cycles


Over Expected Life
7,000 and less

1.0

14,000 and
22,000 and
45,000 and
100,000 and
250,000 and

0.9
0.8
o.7
0.6
0.5

less
less
less
less
less

Basic Theory of Pipe Stress and ANSI/ASME Codes


The stress due to thermal expansion, which must not
:rceed the allowable expansion range , is callel expansion
.;-ess and is defined by the piping code as:

n,:(1 -znci(fJn
&=cR

s"={SJ'?+4-(sF
xe Equation 1-2, where Sp

0 and Sr

Ss

The piping code further states that the sum of the long;
,-idinal stresses due to pressure, weight, and other sus:ined external loadings shall not exceed $,. Ifthe longitu:jnal stress due to sustained loadings is less than S1, the

:ode permits the unused portion to be applied to extend


range available for expansion effects. There-

-.1e stress

:ore, the code, in effect, permits a total equal to 1.25


S. * Sr,), for thermal expansion stress combined with
suesses

from other sustained loadings.

n=[r-tn"El*
' I s"
Er,l

These relationships apply only to two-anchor piping


systems with no intermediate restraints (use whichever
equation is greater) and with the further condition that

sn*E <l
s" Eh
where C = Cold-spring factor varying from zero for

no cold spring to one for lO0% cold

se=

E":
Er' :
R:
Cold Springing

spring

Maximum computed expansion stress


Modulus of elasticity in the cold condition
Modulus of elasticity in the hot condition
Range of reactions corresponding to the
full expansion range based on E"

R" and R1 represent the maximum reactions estimated to

A piping system may be cold sprung, or prestressed, to


:educe anchor forces and moments caused by thermal expansion or contraction. This is accomplished by shortenng or lengthening the overall length of pipe by any desired amount not in excess of the calculated expansion.
The amount of cold spring (C. S.) is usually expressed as
a percentage or fraction of the total expansion or contrac-

Ion.
This procedure is recognized by the ANSI Code for
pressure piping which states:
The beneficial effect of judicious cold springing in assisting the
system to attain its most favorable condition sooner is recognized.
Inasmuch as dre life of a system under cyclic condition depends
pdmarily on the stress range rather than the stress level at any one
time, no credit for cold spring is warranted with regard to sresses.
In calculating end trusts and moments acting on equipment containing moving or removable parts with close clearancs, the actual reactions at ally one time mther than their range are signifi-

calt, and credit accordingly is allowed for cold spring in

the

calculations of thrusts and moments.

The reactions (forces and moments) & and & il the hot
and cold conditions, respectively, obtained as follows
from the reactions, R, are derived from the flexibility calculations based on the modulus of elasticiw at room temperature, E.:

occur in the cold and hot conditions, respectively.


Thus, the ANSI piping code does not allow any credit
for cold springing in the cornputation of stress. For reactions in the hot condition credit may be taken for twothirds of the actual cold spring applied; however, the full
amount of cold sping must be taken into account in computing reactions for the cold condition.
To understand the effects of stress range, self springing,
and cold springing, see Figure 1-2.

ANSI 831.1 Power Piping Code Stress


Compliances (1983)
The standard terms, used in the equations set forth in
the ANSI code, are defined as follows:

i:
Z:
rm :
D" :
:

Stress intensification factor. The term


(0.75i) shall never be taken as less than 1.0
Section modulus, tn.,Z: r^2t^ r
Mean radius, in.
Outside diametet in.
Nominal wall thickness. in.

Piping Stress Handbook


SELF.SPRING

26000 Psl

NO COLD SPRING

24000 Psl

I
I

=20
o

5
(,1q
a'
t!
Ir

6ro

ll

-ltt
ol

t:
!;
ii
t:

dls\

|\)

/ ,---'1. r
It
,l
.tl
t\

Irt!
ti

.It

a
!

L
--t

\,{

,
I

dld
\
II

t-

,
I

I r--1

It
ltI

I
I

a
)<
aa

ul
tr.^
a
I

Figure 1-2. Stress-range curve with and without cold spring.

:
:
Mr :
P
M"

:
K:
K:

M"

S,o

q,:

$" :
S"

_ * S" :

Sr,

Internal design pressure


Resultant moment loading due to weight
and other sustained loads, in.lbs
Resultant moment loading due to occa-

sional loads, including earthquake loads,


trusts from relief/safety valve loads, in.-lbs
Range of resultant moments due to thermal
expansion/contraction, in.-lbs
1.15 for occasional loads actinq less than
l0% of the operation period
1.20 for occasional loads actins less than
l7o of the operation period
Longitudinal stress due to pressure, psr
Iolgitudinal stress due to sustained loads,

S"

stresses.

S.

S"

f(1.25 S" + 0.25

Sh)

(see Chapter 4)
Basic material allowable stress at minimum

temperature from allowable stress tables,


psl

$, =

DSI

Basic material allowable stress at maximum temperature from allowable stress tables, psi
Stress range reduction factor fot cyclic conditions for total number N of fuIl-temperature cycles over total number of years of
system operation (see " Expansion
Stresses")

Longitudinal stress due to occasional loads,


psi
Thermal expansion stress due to thermal
9xpansion and anchor displacements, psi
Longitudinal stress due to sustained loads
plus the thermal expansion stress, psi

Allowable stress range for expansion

Wall thickness, in.


Coefficient having values as given in the

SE=

ANSI Code 831.1, Table tV.t.2(A)


Maximum allowable stress in material due
to internal pressure and joint efficiency at
the design temperature

Basic Theory of Pipe Stress and ANSI/ASME

'

Pressure Design
The rninimum wall thickness for straight pipe under internal pressure and temperatures not exceeding those for
various materials listed in the allowable stress tables, including allowances for mechanical strength, should not be

less than that determined by this equation (Section


1M.1.2, Equation 3):

,_
''' = [_

_ro"- * ol
+ Pn
I

(see Chapter 7)

The design pressure should not exceed:

(t - A)
(see Chapter 7)
D"-2Y(t--A)
where t- : minimum required wall thickness, in. (mm)
If pipe

where M" is combined in the following manner:

M"

: (Ml

+My2 +M:)t2

For full size outlet connections the equation is:

Z: r
where

th

rnztn

Nominal wall thickness of the run pipe

For reduced outlet branch connections the equation is (see

Figure 1-3):

[2(SE

P=

Codes

2SE

Z: r
where

r5

q
tb

th

r3t"

:
:
=
:

Branch mean cross sectional radius, in.

Effective branch wall thickness. in. =


lesser of t5 or (i) t5
Nominal branch wall thickness. in.
Nominal thickness of run PiPe. in.

is ordered by its nominal thickness, the manufac-

turing tolerances must be taken into account. This minimum thickness must be increased to provide the increase
of manufactured tolerance allowed by the applicable spec-

ification or required by the process. The next heavier


commercial thickness should be selected.

External Pressure

Sustained Longitudinal Stress


The sustained longitudinal stress, 56' is the algebraic
summation of the longitudinal pressure stress and longitudinal sustained weight stress. Sh is calculated using the
following Code equation (Section 1O4.8.1, Equation 11):

To determine wall thickness and stiffening requirements


for straight pipe under external pressure, the procedures
outlined in paragraphs UG-28, VG-29, and UG-30 of
Section VIII , Division 1 of the ASME Boiler and Pressure
Vessel Code should be followed.

Longitudinal Stress
LEG 3

The internal pressure stress,


by the followilg equation:

^''

S1o,

should be determined

PD.

4t,

Thermal Expansion Stress


The thermal expansion stress is calculated using the following Code equation:

5" = 1iv./z)

Figure 1-3. Header and branch connections'

Piping Stress Handbook

sk =

I& 19'frll4t .
4t^ z

1.s51,

(see Chapter 3 for 56)

ANSI 831.3 Ghemical plant and


Petroleum Refinery piping Code Stress
Compliances (1984)

As can be seen from the equation, the longitudinal


stress due to pressure. weight, and other sustainid loads
should be less than or equal to the Sh for the rnaterial.

Pressure Stress
The minimum allowed wall thickness is calculated by
using the design pressure in the following equation:

Occasional Longitudinal Stress


The occasional longitudinal stress, S1o, is the algebraic
summation of the longitudinal sustained weight striss the
,
longitudinal pressure stress, and occasionai stresr. S," i.
9{cu,tatea using the following Code equation (Seciion
104.8.2, Equation 12):

PD" 0.75iM,
" _
".-+t,--z*'<KSn

(P) (o. D.)

where
O.

0.75iMh

:
SE :
P

D. =

y:

As can be seen from the equation, the longitudinal


stress due to occasional loads should be less than-or eoual
to k sh.

.875

Allowable Thermal Expansion Stress


The thermal expansion stress is calculated usins the fol_

lowing Code equation (Secrion 104.8.3 tA), Equation

2 (SE

A:

yP)

+A

(see Chapter 6)

Design pressure, psig

Actual pipe outside diameter, in.


Maximum allowable stress in material
due to internal pressure and joint efficrency

A coefficient having values as given in


the ANSI Code, Tabte 304.1.1, A;
normally 0.4
A factor used to account to the industy's 12.5% mill tolerance on finished_
wall thicknesses
Allowance for corrosion, erosion,
etc., in.

The allowed pressure is calculated by using:

13):

S" :

iM"/Z <

S"

f(Sh

S)(see Chapter 3 for S")

As can be_ seen from the equation, the thermal expan_


.
sion stress should be less than or equal to S".

2 (SE) (r-

Puo*

A)

O.D.-2y(t^-A)

where

tm

SE

(see Chapter 6)

= .875 x wall thickness, in.


: Maximum allowable stress of the material
for internal pressure considering the joint
efficiency

Sustained-Plus-Thermal-Expansion
Stress

Expansion Stress

The sustained-plus-thermal-expansion stress, Sh + Se,


is the algebraic summation of the longitudinal stress due
to sustained loads and the thermal exDansion stress.
S1, * S. is calculated using rhe following iquation:
sr,

+ sE =

I&

o75iM"

4t"ZZ

+it" .

,r- *

a",

As can be seen from the equation, the sustained-plusthermal-expansion stress should be less than or eouil to
the sum of S1 and S,.

The expansion stress is calculated using the Code equation (Section 319.4.4, Eqtation 17).

S":

(S52

where S" :

4sr2)r/2

Computed expansion stress, psi

56 = Resultant bending stress, psi


S5 = [(i1M), +(t"M"r2]t/2lz
S, : Torsional stress, psi, = Mtl2Z
Mr = In-plane bending moment, in.Jb
M" = Out-of-plane bending moment, in.Jb

Basic Theory of Pipe Stress and ANSI/ASME

Mr

Z:
i:

Torsional moment on cross section, in.-lb


Section modulus of pipe, in.l
Stress intensification factor
(see Chapter 5)

For branch connections, the resultant bending stress


(56) is calculated using the Code equations (Section
319.4.4, Equations 19 and 20):

For the header (Legs

and 2 in Figure 1-3):

Pressure Stress
The minimum allowed walfthickness pressure stress is
calculated by using the internal pressure in the equation:

:PD"+A
2S

where

For the branch (Leg 3):

A
S

Z.

56

z"

fm

t"

=
=

:
1.

lo

li

=
=
=

1.21.

Effective branch wall thickness, in., =


lesser of t1 and (L) (tb)
Thickness of pipe matching run of tee or
header exclusive of reinforcing pad or
saddle, in.
Thickness of pipe matching branch, in.
Out-of-plane stress intensification factor
In-olane stress intensification factor

319.4.4, Equation 18):

Longitudinal Stress
The longitudinal pressure stress is computed in accordance with the Code using the equation:

PD"
\.
"rP= -_:
4t
where S1o : Longitudinal pressure stress, psi
P = Internal pressure. psig
t : Actual pipe wall thickness, in.

D" =

Nominal outside diameter of the pipe, in.


MI

Resultant bending stress, psi

[(i'MJ2

Allowance for corrosion, erosion,


etc., in.
(0.72) (E) (SMYS), psi
Specified minimum yield strength,
psi, Thble 1-l
Weld joint factor, Thble 1-2

Mean branch cross-sectional radius, in.

For elbows and miter bends, the resultant bending

E:

,.

stresses (S5) calculated using the Code equation (Section

Su

SMYS

Resultant bending stress, psi


Effective section modulus for the branch,

in.3,

Pressure, psig
Actual pipe outside diameter, in.

D"

+ (LM"lll"
Sr= fti,Mif
where

ANSI B31.4 Liquid Petroleum


Transportation Piping Code Stress
Compliances

[(iiM)' + (i"M"t]r/'?

-\:-

Codes

+ (i"M.l]'/2

'o=-_.v-

where ii

stress intensification factor


Out-of-plane stress intensification factor
In-plane bending bending moment, in.-lb

= In-plane

lo:

Mi:

M"=

Z:

(see Figure

14)

"'&.

Out-of-plane bending moment, in.-lb (see

Figure 1-4)
Section modulus of pipe, in.3

A conservative equation generally utilized for the calcuiation of the allowable expansion stress range is given in
the ANSI Code 831.3 Section 302.3.58d, Equation 1:

s"

f(1.25 s"

.25

Sh)

Gee Chapter 4)

^,,Qr
Figure 1-4. ln-plane and out-of-plane bending
ments.

mo-

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 1-1
Tabulation of Examples of Allowable Stresses for Reterence Use in Liquid petroleum
Transportation piping
systems
Allowablestless values (s) shown in this Table

of the pipe.

are

equal to 0-72 x

(weldjoint factor) x specified minimum yield strength

Allowable stressvalues shown are for neE pipe of known specification.


Allowable strcss values for new pipe ofunknown
specification, ASTM A 120 specification orused (reclaimed)
fipe shalr be dete,-ined in accordance $/ith 402.3.1.
some code computations, particularly with regard to bianch connections
.. .-For
Isee 404.3.1 (d) (3)] and expansion, flexibility, structural atlachments, supports, and restraints (Chapter II, Part
5), the weiojoint factorZ. need not be considercd.
For specified mintnum yield strength of other grades in ipproved specifications,
reter to that particular specification.
Allowable slress value for cold worked pipe subsequently heated to 600 F or higher (welding
excepted) shall be 75 percent of value listed in Table.
Definitions for the various types of pipe are given in 400.2_
Specified

(s)

Min Yield
Specification

Gmde

(E\

Strength

Weld

psi

Notes

Joint

Faclor

Allowable Stress Value


-20 F to 250 F
psl

Seamless

API 5L
A-PI5L, ASTM A 53, ASTM A 106
API5L, ASTM A 53, ASTM A I06
ASTM A 106
ASTM A 524
ASTM A 524

API sLU
API 5LU
API sLX
API 5LX
API 5LX
API 5LX
API 5LX
API sLX
API 5LX

425
A
B
c
I
II
u80
ul00
x42
x46
x52
x56
x60
x65
x70

Furnace Welded-8utt Wetded


ASTM A 53

API 5L Class t & Class fi


API 5L (Bessemer), ASTM A 53 (Bessemer)
F!rnace Weided-Lap Welded
5L Class I
API 5L Class II
API 5L (Bessemer)
API 5L Electric Furnace

Elecrric Resistance Wetded and Elecrric Flash Wetded


A25

Reptuduced

(2)
(2)

1.00
1.00

(1)

25,200

30,000

(l)

1.00

r.00

80,000
42,000
46,000
52,000

(4)
(1) (4)
(l) (2) (4)
(l) (2) (4)
(l) (2) (4)

21,600
57,600

56,000

(l) (4)

60,000
65,000
70,000

(1) (4)
(l) (4)
(1) (4)

2s,000

(t) (2,

100,000

{l)

x65

x70
u80

l.

r.00

72,000
30,250
33,100

37,450
40,300
43,200
46,800
50,400

0.60
0.60
0.60

r0,800

25,000 (1) (2) (6)


28,000 (1) (2) (6.)
30,000 (l) (2) (6)
2s,00o (1) (2) (6)

0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

14,400

100,000

ul00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

28,800

(2) (3)
(2) (s)

56,000
60,000
65,000
70,000
80,000

x60

r8,000
21,600
25,200

(r') (2)

42,000 (l) (2) (4)


46,000 0) (2) (4)
s2,000 (1) (2) (4)

x42
x46
x52
x56

1.00

r.00

40,000
35,000

25,000 (l) (7)


30,000 (2)
30,000 (l)
35,000 (2\
3s,000 (l)

fron ANSI/ASME Code 831.4-1979, Tabte 402.3-

35,000

(l)
(l)

2s,000 (l)
30,000 0)

A25

A-PI

API 5L
API 5L, ASTM A 53, ASTM A I35
API 5L, API 5LS, ASTM A 53, ASTM A I35
API 5L, ASTM A 53, ASTM A I35
API 5L, API 5LS, ASTM A 53, ASTM A 135
API sLS, API 5LX
ATI sLS, API 5LX
API 5LS, API 5LX
API 5LS, API sLX
API sLS, API 5LX
A}I 5LS, API 5LX
API 5LS, API 5LX
API 5LU
API sLU

(l)

25,000

30,000

(l)
0)
(l)
(l)

(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)

(1) (4)
(l) (4)

Reprinted courtes!

1.00
0.85
1.00
0.85
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

r.00

10,800
12,950

t6,150
17,300
14,400
18,000
18,360
21,600

2l,420
25,200
30,250

33,r00
3',t,4SO

1.00

40,300
43,200
46,800
50,400

1.00

57600

1.00

'72,000

1.00

r.00

ofTh" e^"riron soi"ry of Munonirot rrxin"ug

Basic Theory of Pipe Stress and ANSI/ASME Codes


Table 1-1
Continued
(s)

Specified

(E)

Min Yield
(iranorh

Weld

@o"

Specification

Notes

Joint

FactOr

Allowable S$ess Value


-20 F to 250 F
psi

Electric Fusion Welded


ASTM A I34
ASTM A I39
ASTM A I39
ASTM A I55
ASTM A I55

A
B
x42
x46
x52
x56
x60
x65
x?0
u80
u100
Y35
v42
Y46
Y48
Y50
]/52
Y60
Y65

API 5L, API 5IJ


API 5L, API 5LS
API 5LS, API sLX
API 5LS, API 5LX
API sLS, API 5LX
API 5LS, API 5LX
API 5LS, API 5LX
API sLS, API sLX
API sLS, API 5LX
API 5LU
API 5LU
ASTM A 38I
ASTM A 381
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM

A
A
A
A
A
A

t'rooo

Submerged Arc Welded

38I
381

38I
38I
38I
38I

NOTES (l)Weld joint factor E

(1)
(1)
(2)
(1)

30.000

0.80
0.80
0.80
0.90
1.00

(2)
(2)
(8)
(8)

(l)
(l)

1.00

21500
25,200

(2) (4)
(r) (2) (4)
(l) (2) (4)

1.00
1.00

r.00

30,000
35,000

(l)

42,000
46,000
52,000
56,000
60,000
65,000
70,000

(l)
(l)

35,000
42,000
46,000
48,000
50,000
52,000
60,000
65,000

30,250
33,100
3',t,450

1.00
1.00
1.00

(4)
(4)

(1) (4)
(l) (4)
(1) (4)
(l) (4)
(l) (2)
(l) (2)
(l) (2)
(l) (2)

80,000
100,000

17,300
20,150

40,300
43,200
46,800
50,400

r.00
1.00

57,600

1.00
1.00

72,000
25,200
30,2s0

r.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

(l)
(l)
(l)
(l)

33,100
34,550

36,000
37,450
43,200

1.00

1.00
1.00

,+6,800

(se Table 402.4.3) and allowable stress value a.e applicable to pipe manufactured after

1954.

(2)Weld joinr factor ,. (see Table 402.4.3) and allowabte stress value are applicable to pipe manuf.ctured befote
l9 59.

(3)Class

It

produced under API sL 23rd Edition, 1968, or earlier has a specified minimum yield srrensth of

2a,OOO psi.

(4) Other Itades provided for in API sLS, API sLU, and API 5LX not precluded.
(s)Manufacturewas discontinued and process deleted from API 5L in 1969(6)Manufacture was discontinued and process deleted ftom API 5L in 1962.
(?) A25 is not produced in electric flash wld.
(8)See applicable plate specification fo. yield point and rfer to 402.3.1 for calculation

Allowable Longitudinal Stress


The allowable stress value for
by the Code in Section 419.6.4(c):

additive longitudinal

stresses is given

where SMYS

of(S).

Specified minimum yield strength, psi


(see Thble 1- 17

Allowable Expansion Stress Range for


Unrestrained Piping
This is given by:

Sr

(allow)

where Su

=
:

0.75

S"

The allowable expansion stress range, psi


0.72 SMYS

S"

0.72 (SMYS)

where SMYS

Specified minimum yield strength, psi


(see Table l-lr

10

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 1-2
Weld Joint Factor E
Weld Joint

Specification
Number

Pipe Mfrd.
Before 1959

ASTM A 53

Seamless

1.00

Electric-Resistance-welded
Furnace Lap-Welded
Furnace Butt-Welded

Factort
Pipe Mfrd.

Afler

0.85 (2)
0.80
0.60

1.00
1.00
0.80
0.60

1958

106

Seamless

1.00

1.00

ASTM A

I34

Electdc-Fusion (Arc)-Welded single or double pass

0.80

0.80

135

Electric-Resistance-Welded

0.85 (2)

1.00

A I39
ASTM A I55

Electric-Fusion-Welded single or double pass

0.80

0.80

0.90

1.00

ASTM A 381

Electric-Irusion-Welded, Double Submerged Arc-Welded

API 5L

Seamless

1.00
0.85 (2)

0.8s (2)

1.00
l 00
1.00
1.00

0.80
0.60

0.80 (3)
0.60

ASTM

ASTM
ASTM

Electric-Fusion-Welded

Electric-Resistance-welded
Electric-Flash-Welded

Electric-Induction-welded
Submerged Arc-Welded
Furnace Lapwelded
Furnace Butt-Welded

API sLS

l-00

Electric-Resistance-welded
Submerged Arc-Welded

API 5LX

1.00

t.00

Seamless

1.00
1.00
1.00

Electdc-Resistance-Welded
Electdc-Flash-lvelded
Electdc-Induction-Welded
Submerged Arc-Welded

API

5LU

Known
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown

1.00

1.00

Sean ess
Electlic-Resistance-Welded
Electdc-Flash-Welded
Electric-lnduction-Welded
Submerged Arc-Welded

-_
_
-

Known

(4)

Seamless

Electric-Resistance or F'lash-Wetded
Electric-[jusion-Welded
Furnace Lap-Welded or ovet 4lz" OD
I:urnacc Butt-welded or 4%" OD and smaller

1.00 (6)
0.8s (6)
0.80 (6)
0.80 (7)
0.60 (8)

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00

r.00
1.00

(5)
1.00 (6)
1.00 (5)
0.80 (6)
0.80 (7)
0.60 (8)

NOTES: (l) Definilions for the various pipe types (wetd joints) are given in 400.2,
(2) A weld joint factor of I o may be used for electric-resistance-welded or etectric-flash-wetded pipe
manufact ured prior to I 9 5 9 where (a) pipe furn ishe d un der this c tassifica
! ion has been su bj"" t"o to
pp'r"'-"ni"i i""t"

and/or heat treatmenls as aFeed to by the supplier and the purchaser, and such sujplementat"u teits analor rreai
treatment demonstrate the strength characteristics of the weld lo be equal to the rninimum tensite itrength
for the pipe, or (b) pipe has been tested as requi.ed for a new pipetine in accordance with a3z.4.i
,^. speciried
(r,|
Il1anuracrure was discontinued and proeess deleted from AI,I SL in t 962.
(4) Factors shown above for pipe manufactuled before r959 apply for new or used (rectaimed) pipe if pipe specification and pipe lvpe ate known and it is known that pile was manufacrured before r'9i9
ri.i r""*"
whether manufactured after 19S8.
".
(5) Factots shown above for pipe manufactured aftr 1958 apply for new or used (rectaimed) pipe if pipe spec!
ficarion and pip type are known and it is known rhar pip; was manufactured aiter 195s.(6) Factor apPlies for new or used pipe of unknown specific;tion and ASTM A t 20 if type of weld joint is known.
(7) Factor applies fot new or used pipe of unknown specification and ASTM A l2o if iipe or *eta j"irr i" i"o*tl
lo be furnace lap-wetded, or for pipe over 4% in. OD if type ofjoinr is unknown.
(8) Factor applies for new or used pipe of unknown specification and ASTM A l20 if type of weld joint is known
to be firrnace butt-welded, or for pipe 4% in. OD and smalter if type of joint is unknown.

Reproduced

from ANSI Code 831.419D,

Toble ,t02.4.3. Reprinad coutksy

of The Arncicai Sociey

oJ Mechanical Engineers.

Basic Theory of Pipe Stress and ANSI/ASME

M"

Longitudinal Expansion Stress for


Restrained Piping

:
ii :

Mt

For restrained piping, use the longitudinal expansion


ANSI Code 831.4, Sec-

stress from the equation given in

tion 419.6.4

g:
E=
Sr.

Tr
Tz

:
:

Longitudinal compressive stress, psi


Modulus of elasticity of steel, psi
Hoop stress due to fluid pressure, psi
Temperature at time of installation, 'F
Maximum or minimum operating temper-

a=

ature, oF
Linear coefficient of thermal expansion,

v:

Poisson's ratio

in./in./'F

= 0.3 for

The allowable stress value in shear is computed in accordance with the ANSI Code B31.4, Section 402.3.1 (e):

56 (allow)

(.45)

(S I,IYS)

The allowed internal pressure stress is S, where


(0.72) (E) (SMYS), psi

S=

steel

DOT/831 .8 Gas Transmission and

Distribution Piping Systems Stress


Compliances (1982)

0.90 (SMYS)

where SMYS

Allowable Internal Pressure Stress

This is calculated by using:

Bending moment out oi or transverse to,


plane of member, in.Jbs
Torsional moment, in.-lbs
Stress intensification factor under bending
in plane

Allowable Shear Stress

Allowable Expansion Stress Range for


Restrained Piping

s"

11

ft):

Sr:E(a)(Tr-T1)-v(S)
where

Codes

Pressure Stress

Specified minimum yield strength


the pipe, psi (see Table l-1)

of

The design pressure for steel gas piping systems or the


nominal wall thiclmess for a given pressure is determined
by:

The expansion stress for unrestrained piping is calculated by using:

S.:

[56, + 4S,2]r2

where S" :

^.Z
Sr

Mi =

2s' (F) (E) (T)


D

(For limitations see Section

Computed expansion stress, psi

[(iiM), + (LI\AF]I"

P=

equivalent bending stress, psi


MJ2Z torsional stress, psi
Bending moment in plane of member (for

members having significant orientation,


such as elbows or tees: for the latter the
moments in the header and branch portions are to be considered separately), in.lbs

:
S:

where P

D:
F:
E:

84l.l2l)

Design pressure, psig


Specified minimum yield strength, psi (see
Table 1-3). For special limitations on S see
Section 841.121 (e) and (f).
Nominal outside diameter of pipe, in.
Nominal wall thickness, in.
Construction-type design factor obtained
from Table 14
I-ongitudinal joint factor obtained from Thble l-5 (see also Section 811.253 (d)
Temperature derating factor obtained from
Table 1-6

12

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 1-3

specified Minimum Yield strength for steel and lron pipe commonly used in piping systems.
Specilication

Tvpe

(l)

SMYS (psi)

A?I5L

BW, ERW, S

API5L

ERW, FW, S, DSA


ERW FW, S, DSA
ERW, DSA
ERW, DSA
ERW, DSA
ERW, DSA
ERW, DSA
ERW, DSA
ERW, DSA
ERW, DSA
ERW, DSA
ERw' FW, S, DSA
ERW, FW, S, DSA
ERW, FW, S, DSA
ERW, FW, S, DSA
ERw' FW, S, DSA
ERW, FW, S, DSA
ERW, Fw' S, DSA

API 5L

A?t 5LS (2)


API
API
API
API

5LS
5LS
sLS
5LS
A?I sLS

API SLS
API sLS
API sLS
API SLX (2)

A?I sLX
API 5LX
API 5LX
API sLX
API5LX
API5LX
ASTM A53
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM

A53
A53

ERW,
ERW,

AI06

A106
AI 06

AI35
AI35

AI39
AI

B.........
A.........

]9

A381

A38I
ASTM A38I
ASTM A38I
ASTM A38I
ASTM A381
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM

c.........

Clas Y-35 ..
cla$ Y 42 ..
Clas

Y46

class Y-48 .
clas. Y-50 .
Cla\s Y-s2 .

.
.
.
.

A38I

Class

Y-56

..

A381

Class

Y60

A38I

Class

Y-65 . .

AI34
AI55
A333
4333
4333
A333
4333
A333
4333
A559

3s,000
42,000
46,000
52,000
56,000

60,000
65,000
70,000

42,000
46,000
52,000
55,000
60,000
55,000

70,000
25,000
30,000
30,000

3s,000

BW
BW

ASTM 453

25,000
30,000
35,000
30,000

10,000
35,000

s
s
ERW
ERW
EFW
EFW
DSA
DSA
DSA
DSA
DSA
DSA
DSA
DSA
DSA
EFW
EFW
S, ERW
S, ERW

40,000
30,000
35,000
30,000
35,000

3s,000
42,000
46,000
48,000
50,000

52,000
s6,000
60,000
55,000
(3)
(3)

,7

S, ERW
S, ERW

S, ERW

30,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
75,000

S, ERW

46,000

ERW

35,000

(l) Abbreviarions: BW Furnace butl-welded; ERW- Electric resistance weldd; S-Seamtess:


EFw - Electric fusion weldedi DSA- Double subme.led,a.c welded.

FW

Fhsh wlded:

(i!) Intermediate

Brades ar available in API 5LS and 5LX.


(3) S applicabl plat specification for SMYS.

Note: This tablc is not conplete. R)r minimum specified yield strength of other grades and erades in approved specifications, rcfer to the particulor
specification.
Iron ANSI/ASME Code 831.8-1982, Appenn& D. Repdnted courvsy of me Americon Societt of Mechanicat Engineers.

Reproduced

Basic Theory of Pipe Stress and ANSI/ASME Codes

Expansion Stress

Table 1-4
Values of Design Factor F
Conslruclion Type
(Scc 841.151)

This is calculated by using the Code equation:

Design Factor

Type A
Type B
Typc ('
Type D

S"

0.11
0.60

where

0.5 0

0.,10

Ul

Reproduced Irom ANSI/ASME Code 831.&1982, Table


courtesy of The Ameicon Society of Mecha ical Engineers.

IC.

Repnntud

(S6'?

Fr.tol

tion, in.lbs
Torsional moment on cross section,
lbs
Section modulus of piPe, in.3

Stress intensification factor (see ANSI


Code B31.8, Appendix E)

1.00

Llcctric Resistancc Weldcd

.60

Furnrcc Bult Welded


Scrmicss

AS IN{ A 134
AST}'1 A] 35
AST\'1 A1]9

lllcclric Irusion Art Wcldcd


Llectric ResislLrnce Wclded

lllcclric Fusion wclded

00
.80
1.00
.30

ASTM A]55

Llcctric Ijusion Arc Wclded

L00

ASTM ,42I

Spiral WeLded Stccl PiPe


Doublc Submergcd'AIc-welded

r.00

Sc:rmLess

l .00

ASTM A38I
API 5L

Sermlcss

L00

Elcctric Rcsistirncc Wcldcd


Llectric I:lash WcLded

L00

Submcrgcd Arc Weldcd

llectric

S"

.80

Rcsistancc Welded

1.00
1.00
r .00

Note: Definitions for the virious chsses of welded pipe


given in 804.243
n"proa*"a.Iro^ ,tNSttlSME Code 831 8-1982, Thble UI

Tcmpcrrtulc
150 t or
300
350 F

This is computed by using:

lA

less

400 tl
450 F
For intermediLite temperatures

-''
srn=-

Reprihted

where

for Steel Pipe

TelnPcrirrure Dtrating

Specified minimum yield strength, psi


(see Table 1-3)

Nre

courtesj of me American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Degfccs Fahrcnhelt

Longitudinal Pressure Stress

*Manufactu.ewasdiscontinued and process deleted from API


5L in 1962.

0.72 (SMYS)

where SMYS

l.00

Subnergcd Arc Welded

Table 1-6
Temperature Derating Factor

1.00
.60
.80

Furnace llut l Welded


*l:urnace L!p-Wcldcd

API 5LS

This is calculated by using:

L00

Llcctric Rcsistxncc weldcd


Elcclric Flash Wcld.d

API 5I X

Allowable ExPansion Stress Range

AST}I A106

frffiiififi

L00

ASTIU A53

Note:

4S,2)r/2

Se = Computed expansion stress, PSi


iM/Z
Resultant bending stress, Psi
psi
Mtl2Z
St= Torsional stress,
Resultant bending moment on cross sec-

z=
:-

Longitudinal Joint Factor E


Pipe Clrss

Sr:
M:
M, :

Table 1-5
Spec. Number

13

l:!ctor f

4r

P :
n:

Design pressure, psig


Outside diameter of pipe, in.
Pipe wall thickness, in.

The sum of the longitudinal pressure and longitudinal


bending stresses due to external loads such as weight of
pipe and contents, wind, etc., should not exceed'75% of
owable stress in the hot condition. The allowable
for the sum of the longitudinal stresses is given by:

thl a

r .000
0.967

0.9 31

0.900
0.867

51

intcrp(tl!te for derating

B3t E-1982, rabtc 84l


'qNs ASME code
courtesy of The American Sociery of Mechanical Engi eers

PD"

lB

Reprinted

(allow)

0.7s (S) (F) (T)

where S = Specified minimum yield strength, psi


E_
.l|_

Design factor obtained from Table 1-4


Temperature derating factor, Table 1-6

14

Piping Stress Handbook

Standard Outline for ANSI Bg1 Codes

ANS|Code 831.1: Power Piping


Includes

l.

Power and auxiliary service piping systems for electric generating plants.
2. Industrial and institutional plants (also see ANSI

3.
4.
5.
6.
7

Code 831.9).
Central and district heating plants (also see ANSI
Code 831.9).
All piping and cornponent parts within or part of
plants as previously specified, unless specifically
excluded.
Boiler external piping which is covered under the
ASME Code, Section I, stamping requirements.
Geothermal steam and hot water piping.
Oil or gas piping , downstream of meter, within plant

identified in l, 2. or 3, above.
and hydraulic distribution syslems.

8. Air

2.
3.

Code.

4.

Gas gathering, transmission, and distribution sys-

5.
6.

tems covered by ANSI Code B31.8.


LPG in the liquid state.
Fuel gas-air mixtures in the combustible or flammable range.

ly'ore.' This Code will be withdrawn when the new issue


of ANSI Code 7223.1 (which does not reference ANSI
Code B31.2) is released. This service will be covered by
ANSI Codes 831.9 and 2223.1.

ANSI Code B31.3: Chemical Plant and


Petroleum Refinery Piping
lncludes
1. All piping within the property limits of facilities engaged in the processing or handling of chemical or
petroleum or related products.

Exctudes

1. Piping specifically covered by other ANSI/ASME


sections.
2. Components covered by ASME B and pV Code.
J. Fuel gas in industrial and institutional plants.
4. Building heating and distriburion sream piping for 15
psi (100 kPa) gauge or less or hot water systems for
30 psi (200 kPa) gauge or less.
5. Roof drains, floor drains, plumbing, sewer or fire
protecflon systems.
b. Piping for hydraulic or pneumatic tools.
7. Piping for nuclear power plants.

ANSI Code 831.2: Fuel Gas Piping


Includes
1. Natural

Fuel gas piping covered by the ANSI Codes B3l . 1 ,


B31.3, 831.8, Z2l.3O, or ZtO6.l
Pressure vessels covered by the ASME B and pV

Excludes

1. Nonhazardous fluid piping with

pressures between 0
and 15 psi (100 kPa) and temperatures ranging from

2.
3.

4.

5.
6.

-20'F (-29"C) to 366'F

(186"C).
Piping covered by the ASME B and PV Code, Section I or ANSI Code B31 . 1, which requires Section
I, Inspection and Stamping @.E.P. Piping).
Pressure vessels, heat exchangers, pumps, etc., including internal piping and connections for external
piping.
Piping within the property limits which has been
designated for design according to the ANSI Code
831.4 or 831.8 or to government regulation (pipeline rights-of-way).
Plumbing or sewers.
Piping for fire protection systems (covered by insurance underwriter's requirements).

gas.

2. Manufactured gas.
3. LPG-air mixtures above the combustible limit.
4. LPG-in the gaseous state.

lncludes

Excludes

1. Fuel gas piping where the metal temperature is


above 450"F (232"C) or below

ANSI Code 831.4: Liquid Petroleum


Transporiation Piping Systems

-20"F (-29.C\.

1. Piping transporting liquid petroleum and petroleum


products between the producer's facilities and delivery and receiving points.

Basic Theory ol Pipe Stress and ANSI/ASME

1.

1. Water air, steam, lube oil, gas, and fuel piping.

3.

4.

Pressure vessels, heat exchangers, pumps' meters'


etc., including internal piping and connecUons to ex-

ternal piping.
Piping systems designed for internal pressures less
than 15 psi (100 kPa).
Piping systems designed for internal pressures

6.
7.

Pressure vessels and piping covered by the ASME B

and PV Code.

systems with metal temperatures above


450'F Q32'C) or below -20'F (-29"C).
Piping in chemical plant or refinery property limits'
natural gasoline extraction plans' etc. ' covered by

2. Piping
3.

ANSI Code 831.3.

greater than 15 psi (100 kPa) where the design temperature is below -2O"F (-29"C) or above 250"F

4. Atmospheric vent piping for waste gases.


5. Low pressure gas which is covered by ANSI Code

Casing, tubing, or pipe used in oil wells, wellhead


assemblies, and piping connecting those assemblies'
Piping covered by the ANSI Code B31.3 or B31.8.
Ammonia reftigeration piping systems'

6. Wellhead assemblies.
7. Proprietary items of equipment.

831.4.

(120'C).

5.

15

Excludes

Excrudes

2.

Codes

ANSI Code 831.9: Building Services


Piping
ANSI Code 831.5: Refrigeration Piping

lncludes'

,ncrudes

1. Piping

systems

for building services for industrial,

commercial, public, institutional, and multi-unit res-

1. Refrigeration and brine piping systems down to

idential buildings.

-350'F (-

196"C) either erected on the premises


or factory assembled, unless specifically excluded.

Examoles:

Excludes

reother
laboratories.
piping
Water
systems.
Piping systems with internal or external pressure of
tS psi ltOO kPa) or less.

1. Self-contained refrigeration systems covered by


quirements of Underwriter's Laboratories or
nationally recognized testing

2.
3.

ANSI Code 831 .8: Gas Transmission and


Distribution Piping

A.
B.

C.
D.

E.
F.

G.

Excludes
1. Pressure limit exclusions:

A.

Steam: 125 psi (860 kPa) Gauge


B. Nontuel gas: 125 (860 kPa) Gauge
C. Liquids: 300 (2,070 kPa) Gauge
D. Full vacuum for all fluids

,ncrudes

1.

Gas transmission pipelines.

2. Gas compressor stations.


3. Gas metering and regulation stations.
4. Gas mains.
5. Service lines to oudet of customer's meter set'
6. Gas storage lines and storage equipment of
closed-pipe type.

Dual+emperature water for heating and cooling'


Chilled water.
Condensing water.
Hot water.
Steam and condensate return
Compressed air and other nonflammable gases.
Fuel gas over 60 psi (415 kP-a) _(tuel.gas ulder 60
psi is covered by the new ANSI Code 2223'1)

the

(as per latest draft.)

16

Piping Stress Handbook

2. Other exclusions:

A. Piping systems covered by ANSI Code B3l . I

B. Sanitary, potable water, and storm drain piping

Excludes

l.

c. Fire protection systems


D.

4c:tylene, hydrogen, oxygen and medical gas

Plpng
E. Fuel oil piping

Vessels, heat exchangers, condensers, pumps,


com-

pressors, expanders, scrubbers, ana

ment.

2.

,
J.

b*rer

equlp_

rr'acuum

piping systems which supply insulating vacuum !o vacuum jackets of cryogenic piping
syJtems.
rtpmg sysrems specifically covered by ANSI
Codas

831.5 or 831.3 lwording of draft).

ANSI Code 831.10: Cryogenic piping*


lncludest
1. Liquid-solid mixtures (or slush), operating at tem_
qg-ra1u1ej-rgcinS ftom r2OK (_ 244"F, _ 153 "C) ro
(-4^59"8 -273"C), either erected on the prem_
9K

ANSI Gode 831.11: Slurry piping


Systems

ises or factory assembled.

lncludes
* (Io

be included io tuture ANSI Code 831.3)

r (as per latest draft.)

t. Initial coverage will be coal transported in water.


2. Future coverages will include slurries ofother solids
transported in nonhazardous liquids.

Coeflicients of Thermal Expansion

This chapter contains tables of the coefficients of thermal expansion (Tbble 2-1) and other tables relating to the
physical properties of piping materials (Tables 2-2
through 2-4).

17

18

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 2-1

Coefticients of Thermal Expansion


(in./100 ft)
Carbon Steel
Carbon-moly
Temp,
(F)

Low-chrome
(Thru 3 Cr Mo)

-32t -?.370
-320 -2.344
-315 -2.313
-3r0 -2.292
-305 -2.?.66
-300 -2.240
-295 -2.214
-290 2. | 8
-?80 2.135
-275 -2. l r0
-210 -2.084
-265 -2.058
-260 -2.A32
-255 -2.006
-250 -r .980
-245 -t .954
-240 - 1.928
-230 -1.e76
-225 -r .850
-2?0 -1 . A22
-2l5 -l .794
-210 -l . 765
-205 -1.738
-200 -1. 710
-r 95 -l .589
-190 -l . 658
-t a0 -l . 606
-r 75 -i .5B0
-170 -r . 554
-r 60 -1 .500
-r 55 -1 .47 4
-r 50 -r .450
-145 -r . 420
-r40 -1.390
-t 35 -r .350
-r 30 -t .330
-125 -r .300
-120 -1.210
-1l5 -t .240
-t t0 -1.210
-r05 -1. r80
-r00 -1 .150
- 90 -r .090
- 35 -r .050
- 80 -1.030

Austenitic

MO Siainless
Thru Steels
9CrMo 18Cr8Ni

5 CR

-) ,ri
-2.I72

-J.t'5
-3.806

12 Cr

'17

Ct

27 Cl

-2.040

-2.016

-r .992

25 Cr 20

Ni

Monel

3t12

67 Ni 30 Cu

Nickel

-2.620
-z .595
-2

.572

-t .944

-2

.524

-t .920

-2.500

-2. t48

-2.124
-2. I00

-3.586
-2.052

-1.896

-2.234
-2.202
-2. 185
-2

.170

-2.150

-1 .87?

-2.452

-2.004

-3.498
-3.454

-l.848
-l .824

-2.404

-2.090

-l .980

-3.410

-l .80

-2.380
.356

-2.070
-2.048

-2

nua

-I al,

-J.lOO

-2

-1.752

-l .908
1.884

-3,234

-l .704

-t .850

-3.r9

-l .68

-l.312

-3. 146
-1 ln?

-r.836

-3.058
-1 ,7 64

-3.014

-1.715

-2.960
-2.914

-l
-l

-l .230
-t

-l

-r .570

-t.800

-!.540

-1.46
-r .438
-1 .4r6

-2.500

-2.454
-2.40a

-l .394

-2. t56
-2.114

-1.024

-l

.780

-t .760
-1

.996
-1 .704

-1 .948

-t .924

-t

.648

-r .350

-1 .90

.620

-1

-t.305

.8;8
-t.355

-1

.592

.284
-1.262

-1.s34

-r.536
-r.50s

-1.3t2

.240

-1.214

-t.188
-1.162

-t.
-2.0r

.840
-1.820

-1 .37?

-1

-2.218

t36

-1.480
-1.750
-1.710

-t .670
-r .630

-1.110

-l .084

-1

.548

-l

.420

-1 .390

-t.360
-'t.330
-1.298

-r.05t

-r.506

-t .802

-r .454

-l .234

-1.006

-1 .422

-1 .202

-1./)

-0. 98

-1 .380

-t

-t .052

-1 .860

-t .482

-t .906

-l .080

-t.920
-t.900
-t .830

-2.778

. 170
. 140

-'t.

21?

-2. I88
-2 ,164

-2.824

-1.258

-r.200

-1.960
-1 .940

-1

-1 .370

-r.286

260

-?
-1.614

-1

-l.314

-2

-2.?36

-2.092
-2.068
-?.044

-t .524

-1.342

-t .982

-1.525
-1.504

.548

-t.50
4.474
-l .448

-2.0c4

-2.284

-2. 1 16

.520

-t .57:

-2.30B

-t .548

-2.870

-1.558
-1.644

-2. I 30

-1

.854

-t .700
-r.550

-0.954

-t.34

-1.600
-1.550

-0.902

-1.25

-1

-0.876

.30

-1

.255

.170

-t.138
-t.105

-r .074
-1 .042

Coelticients of Thermal Expansion


Table 2-1
Continued

Austenitic

Carbon Sleel
Carbon-moly
Temp.

Low-chrome

(F)

Ohru 3 Cr Mo)

- 15 -l .000
- 70 -0.97
- 65 -0.94
- 60 -0.91
- 55 -0.88
- 50 -0.84
- 45 -0. AoC
- 40 -0.716
- lJ
-u. /.4{
- 30 -0.712

25
.20
- 15
- t0
- 5
-

-0.680
-0.542
-0. 604

MO Stainless
Thru Steels
9CrMo 18Cr8Nl

5 CR

-0.940
-0. 910

-0.880
-0.850
-0.820

-1 ,29?

-0. 790

-1.240

-0.758
-0,7?6
-0.594
-0.662

-r.188

-0.630
-.0596

-0.980
-0.928
-0.875

-0.552

-0.528

{r. !26
-0.494

-0.49

-0.450

-0.455

't0

-0.555

-l .500
-l . 44A

-l .135
-l .084

-0. s24

4.772
-0.720

-0.59
-0.65

-0.48
-0.45

-0.460

4.232

-0.350
-0.310

50
55
60

-0.140

-0.13
-0.098
-u.uoo
-0.034

-0.210
-0. r 58

70

a0

0.039
0.076

-0.602

-0. 6r

-0.534

-0.57

-0.5c
-0.464

-0. s3

{.33

-0 .4?a

-0.392

-0.30

-0.41

-0.356

-0.370

-0. 3?0
-0.285
-0.252
-0.213

-0.24
-0.21
-0. 19
-0. l5

-0.302
-0.?34

-0- 184

4.12

-0.200

-0.r5

-0.I50

-0. I l3

-0.105
-0.054

-0.06

-0.100
-0.050

-0.038

0.037
0.074

0.056
0.112

0.053
0. 106

0.047
0.094
0.140

0.038
0.076

0.212

0.t85

0.1 l4
0. I52

c.l l4

0.lll

0.152

0. 148

0. 190

0.1 85

0.230

0.22

0. 158

0.22s
0.2&.

0.033
0,066
0.099
0.137

-0.268

0.t65

4.076

0.r90

0.200

0.320

0.28

0.23

0.294

0.340
0.396
0.452

0.264

0.424

0.375

0.296
0.328

0.475
0.528

0.306
0.344

0.370

0. 508
0. 564

0.520
0.876

0.350

0. 58

0.268
0.306
0.344
0.382

0.258

0.420
0.458
0.496
0.534

0.40

0.121
0.762

-0.51

-0.300

-0.250

0.510
0.648
0.685

-0.670

-0. 554

-0. I 64

0.572

-0.77
-0. 73

-0.364

-0.175

-0.840
-0.805

-0.57

-0.36

-0.2t2

-0.938

-0.77?

-u.oto

40
45

-1. r0
-l .06
I .02

-0.895
-0.812

-0. 600

-0. 396

-0.284

100
'105
I t0
I 15
120
t25
'i30
135
I 40
145
t50
I 55
r 60
t55
I70

-0.690
{,. OJU

.010

-.976
-.942
-.908
-.874

-l.t4

4.746

31h
Nickel

-1

-i. t6

-0.824
-0.798

-n la

:c

90

Monel
25 Cr 20 Nl 67 Ni 30 Cu

-u.6:

-0 - 668

4.428

-0. 388
-0.354

-0.070

Cr

4.772

?0

-0. t05

12 Cr
17 Cl
27

0.435
0,472
0.508
0.544
0.580

u-oto

6 t1t

0. 394

0.424
0.472

0.42
0.458

0,664

0.496
0.534

0.712

0.572

u.oto

0.462

0.8'14

0.496

0.584
0.735
0.783

0.90

0.530

0. 84

0,594

0.798
0.846
0.894

0.942

0.552
0.688

I .068

0.626

0,892
0.944
0.996

0,724

1.124

u. 056

I . 048

0.956

t.012

u.j64

0.568

0.788

0.428

0.268

0.61

0.548

0.724
0.752

19

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 2-1
Continued

Carbon Steel
Carbon-moly
Temp.

(D

t30
tdJ

r90
r95

Low-chrome
(Thru 3 Cr Mo)

0.30
0.834
0.876
0.914

1.180
0.796
0.832

0.858
0.904

0.97

0.85
0.89d
0.928
0.962
0.995

'1.37

i.2?

1.01

r.2t0

1.130 1.750
1.170 1.806
1.210 I .862
I.918
I .250
I .974
I .290
1.330 2.030
2.038
I .368
?.146
I .405
2.244
I .444
1.4A2 2-262
2.320
I .520
?.318
I . s58
.596 2.435
2.444
]. 534
1.672 2.552
2.610
t .710
2.568
1 .748
2.726
r .786
2.744
I .824
1.862 ?.842
2.900
1 .900
1.940 ' 2.960
3.020
I .980
2.020 3.080
2.060 3.140
3.200
2. 100
2.140 3.260
2.180 3.320
2.2?0 3.380
2.260 3.440
2.30
3.500
2.340 3.560
3.520
2.3&
2.420 3. 580
2.450 3.740
2.500 3.800
2.544 3.860
2.588 3.920
2.632 3.980
2.616 4.040

r.362
.400

250

t55
t60

.442
1.484
1.526

?.7 A

t75
130

1.568
1.610
1.652
1.694

290
295

1.778

300
305
310

t.s2
I .864

1.908
1.952

qq6

320

325

2.040

330
335

2.123

340
345

2.112

355
350

2. ?16

2.304

)
)

16F
142

2.436
3B0

J6f,
390

2.480
2.524
2.558
2.612
2

.656

1t0

?.700
2.746
?.79?

115
120

2.884

r00

1.054

1.092

0.89
0.93

I .182

1.015

.286

0.85

1.308

1.078
1 .122

I .324

0.81

1.038
I .086
1.134

0.826

2t0

240

c.99

1.404
1.518

.248

1.10

0.792

.978

0.724

Nickel

348

I .46

0.59

3112

Monel
25 Cr 20 Nl 67 Ni 30 Cu

1.204
1.256

.940

225
?30

Cr

0.758

0. 990
034

12 CJ
17 Cr
27

,?92

200

??a

a="

Austenitic

MO Stainless
Steels
Thru 'l8Cr8Nl
gCrMo

5 CR

424

.258

1.478
I .364

1 .54
.03
.594
t.c65
'1.102 I-748
1.138 1.802
I.174 L865
1.210 I .910
1 .964
1 .244
1.278 2.018
2.072
1.312
'I
.345 2.126
'I
.380 2.I80
'I
.416 2.234
2.288
I .454
?.342
I .490
2.396
I . 526
2.450
1 .55
l .596 2.504
2.558
I .532
I .558 ?.612
2.666
I .704
2.7?
1 .74
1.77A 2.174
I.816 2.828
2.8A2
I .854
l.892 ?.935
2.99
I .93
3.044
I .956
2.002 3.098
2.038 3.152
2.074 3.205
3.26
2. r I
2.148 3.314
2.I86 3.368
2.?24 3.422
2.262 3.476
2.30 3.530
2.340 3- 584
2.380 3.538
2.4?o 3.692
2.940 3.746
1

'1.13

1.17

1.586

r.09

.460

1.556
I .504

'I
.750
'I . S10
1

.378

652

t.710
.860

1.910

210

.252
.294

r.508

'I
1

.420
.462

.504

1.545

']

588

1.950

t.630

2.010
2.060
2.110
2.160

I .714
1.756
1 .798

2.210

t.s4

2.302

?.348
2.394

I .956

.44
2.488

2.050

2.532

2.092
2.134
2.176
?.218

2.680
2.728

2.176

2.26
2.302
2.344

'2,872

2.428

A?L

2.386

2.910

2.470

3.084

2.595
2.638

3.250
3.304

2.690

l-J!6

2.77 4

3.412

2.816

.732

Coefticients of Thermal Expansion


Table 2-1
Continued

Carbon Steel
Carbon-molY
Temp.

(n

Low-chtome
(Thru 3 Cr Mo)

2.930

2.976
140

3.068

145

3.

3.160
3.205
460

3.298
3.344

1 lqn
480
435
490

3.435
3. 432

495

500

3.620

510

3.668
3.716
3.812

525

540
545

3.860
3.910
3.960
4.010
4.060
4.110
4.158

560

4.206
4.254
4.302

5B0

4.350
4.400
4.450

590

4. 500
4. 550

500

4.600
4 -652

610
615
520

625
630
640

4.704

4.756
4.408
4.360
4. 910

4.950
5.010
5.060
5-110

5.214
663
570

Austenitlc

MO Stalnlesa
Thru Steels
gCrMo lSCrSNl

5 CR

4.100
2.72
?.76? 4.162
2.804 4.224
2.345 4.286
2.888 4.348
2.930 4.410
2.972 4.470
4.530
3.0 t4
3.055 4.590
3.098 4.650
4.710
3. l40
3.182 4.770
3.224 4.830
3.256 4.850
3.308 4,920
3.350 5.010
3.395 5.010
3.442 5.130
3.488 5.190
3.534 5.250
3.580 s.310
3.524 5.372
3.658 5.434
1.712 5.495
3.756 5.558
3.800 5.620
3.844 5.582
3.888 5.144
3.932 5. SC5
3.976 5.858
4,020 5.930
4.054 5.992
4.108 6.058
6. t20
4.'t5Z
6. 182
4. ',t96

4.240
4.286
4.332
4.378
4.424
4.470
4.514
4.558
4.602
4.646
4.690
4,776
4.7A2
4.828
4.374

6.240
6.302

5.354

6.426
5.488
6.550
5.514
6. 678

6.742
6.306
6.370
6.932

6.995
7.057

7.'l19

12 Ct

l7 Cr
27 Cr

25 Ct 20

, qnn
2.538
t .7a
2.514
2-652

Nl

Monel
67 Nl 30 Cu

3.800

3.520

J'

6i'.

3.57 4

3.908

3.628
3.682
3.736

J.vo.
4.015

2.690 4.070
2.735 4.124
2.770 4.178
2.810 4.232
2.850 4.286
4.340
2.890
, q2q 4.394
2.966 4.448
3.004 4.502
3.042 4.555
3.0a0 4.510
3.120 4.664
4. 718
3. I 60
3.200 4.772.
3.2& 4.825
3.280 4.880
1 1?2 4,934
3.354 4.988
3.405 5.042
3.448 5.096
3.490 5. 50
3.530 5.204
3.570 5.258
3.610 5.312
3.550 5.365
3.690 5.420
3.732 5.474
3.774 5.528
3.815 5.582
3.858 5.535
3.900 5.590
5. 144
3. 940
3.980 5. i98
4.020 5.852
4.060 5.905
4.100 5.950
4.142 6.014
4.184 6.068
4.226 6.122
4.268 5.176
4.310 5.230
4-352 6.284
4.394 6.338
4.435 6.392
4.478 6.M6
',l

31h
Nlckel

2.910

?.954
2 qqR
3.042
3.086

3. BI,4

3.130
3.174

3.898

3.21 8

3.790

3.952

1ta?

4.006

3.306

4.050

3.350

4. 114

4.168
4.222
4.276

3.442
3.988

J.lJ'.
3.580

4. 386

4.442

3.626

4.498
4.554

3.tt6

4.610
4.658

3.810

4.126
4.7 84

3.164

3.902
3.948

qqA

4.842

4.900
4,958

4.040
4.086

5.UtO
5.074
5. tJ4

4.132
4.178
4.224

5. 180

4.270

<

4,316

4.362
14R

5.404

4.408
4.454

5. 518

4.500
4,458
4.596

5.634

4.644

5.460

4.692
4.7 40

5.810
5.870

4.788
4.836
4- 884

5.990

4.932

6.050

4.980
5.028
5.076

6. 108
6. 156

6.224

6.282

21

Piping Slress Handbook


Table 2-1

Continued

l
Calbon Steel
Carbon.moly
Temp. Low-chrome
(D (Ihru 3 Cr Mo)

680

5.474
690

4.tJO
4.588

700
705
710

Austenltlc

MO Slalnless
Thru Steels
ICrMo 18Cr8Nl

5 CR

4.920
4.954

7. 180

5.008

7.308

5.052

q no6

720

5.738
5.792
5.946

t'?5

5.900

730

5,2U

7.628
7 .592

5.332
5. 380
5. 428

6.004

.372

7.500
7.554

t.

o. u50

745

6. 108

5.5n

750

6. 150
6.z',t4

5.620

5.524

.U0

7.886
7

740

760

.244

166

5. 140
5. 684

.952

8.0r8
8.084
8.150
8,21 4

o.z06

J/b

770

o.

775

6.430

780

5. 484

190

6,592

795
800
805
310

5.754

l.

6DU

ont

8.342
8.406
8.470
6.5JO

!.v5b

8.602

8.568

6.645

5.004
6.052

6.700

6.100

8.80

6.308

5. 148
6. 196

8.855

6.862

6.244

6.29?

9.064
9. r30

7.082

5.340
6.390
5.440

440

7.138

845

7.194

6. 490

6.754

820

6.916

825
830

6.970

8.734

ooq

q tot

a 1rq
9.394

350

9.460
6.538

960
7.4

t3

7.174
840
435
890
395

/.5U6
7 .542
7.698

900

7.754

6. 686

9.542

5.734
6.182

9.724

6.830
6.878

9.856

7qn

9.922
6.974

aea

7.0?Z

r0.054

7.810

7.070

9t0

/.doo
7 472

7.1r8

10. 120
10. 188

7. 156

tu.250

7.978
8.034

7.214

10. 324

920

ln

1q2

12 C.
77 Cr

27 C.

25 Cr 20

4.520
4.562
4.504
4,645
4,688
4.730
4.776
4.814
4.A55
4.898
4.940
4.984
5.028

5,0n
5. I fO

5.

150

5.204
5.248
5.292
t. JJD

6.500
6.554
6.508

6.662
5.716

5.170
6.824
6.878

6.932
6.985
7.040

7.094
7.148

7.702
t.Z)E

Nl

Monel

3t/.

67 Nl 30 Cu

Nlckel

5.340
5.400
6.460
6.520
6.580

5.220
5.354

5.412

5. 640

6. 700
6. 750

5.508

6.820
6.880

5.604

5.940
7 .002

5.700

7.064
7.126

5.796
5.844

t.

o5z

7. 188

,250

7. 310

7.364
7.418

7. 310
7

7.472
I .a.n

7.490

5.940
5.988
5.036
6.084
o. tJz

/.55U

6. 180

5,380 7.580
s.424 7.634
s.458 7.688
5.5"2 7.742
5.555 7.796
5.600 7.850
5.544 7.910
5.688 7.970
5.732 8.030
4.776 8.090
5.820 8.150
5.866 8.210
5.912 8.270
6.004 8.390
6.050 8.450
5.094 8.510
6,138 8.570
5. r82 8.630
6.225 8.690
6.270 8.750
6.314 8.810
6.358 8.870
6.402 8.930
6.445 3.990
6.490 9.050
6.534 9. n0
6.578 9.1 70
6.522 9.230
6.666 9.290

.370

7. 510

7.130
7.790

6.280
O. JIU
6.380

7.850

6.430
6.480

8.036

6.580

7 417
7.974

o.5lu
o, oJu

8. 160

6.580
6.730

8.288

5. 780

8.416

6. S50

8.480
3.544
8.508
8.672

6.930
5.980
7.030
7.080
7. t30

6.830

8. 735

9.800
8.864
8.928

8.992

7. 180

7.230
7 .280
7.330
7.380

9. r20

7.430

9,248

7.480
7.530

f.i84
a ?t,

7.630

Coefficients ol Thermal Expansion


Table 2-1

Continued

Carbon Steel
Carbon-moly
Temp.

(R

Austenllic

MO Stainless
Thru Steels
gCrMo 18Cr8Ni

5 CR

Low.chrome
(Thru 3 Cr Mo)

7. 310

I0.460

8.t88

7.360
7.410

10.528
r 0. 596

940
945

8.242

950

8.350
8.404
8.458
s. 512
8.556

s.080
8.134

960

970
980
985
990

.460

7. 510

8.674

8.128
s.782

7.560
7.610
7.660

I0.554
1d 71'
10. 800
t 0. 858

10.936

1.710
7.760

I1.004

7. 810

II

7.360
7.910

11.012

.140

r .208

t't.344

s.835

7.950
8.010

000
1005
'r010
t 0l5
1020
1025
1030
1035
1040
1045
I050
LU::
060
I065

8.390

8.060

l t .480

8.946
9.002

0
8. 160

1075
r 030
r 085
090
r 095
I 100
'r 05
r0
IIr5
1120
|25
I 130
1r 35
I140
l145
'lt 50
r I55
I t60
r 165
I I 70

8.

l1 .412
I .548

8.210
8.260

1t.584

l4

9- 170

8.300

I
I

t.820

t.956

9.058
9- l

9.228

9.236
9. 344

9.402

8. 400
3- 450
a. 500

.888

1?.C24
12.094

I2.

9. 460

150

1?.228

f, tO

3. 600

9.634

3. 700

Aoa

3. 750

9.750

r2.500
t2.558
tz.0Jo

9.982

8.800
8.850
8.900
s.950
9.000

10.040

9.050

I2.840

',
9.575

9.408

9.866
9.9?9

8.650

12.296
12.364

12.704
12.712

I0.094

no6

12.908

10.144

9.142

12.976

t0.202

9. 188

13.044

10.255

.234

I3.112

9.280

13. r 80

0.310

10.362
10.414
10.466
10.518
10.570
10.622
10.574
10.126
10. 773

9.330
9.430
9.480
9.520
9.568
9.554

I3.248
r

3.316

13.384

I3.452
13. 538

13.724
13.79?

12 CJ

17 Cr
27

Cr

Monel
25 Cr 20 Ni 67 Ni 30 Cu

6.710 9.350
5.756 9.410
6.802 9.470
5.848 9.530
5.894 9.590
6.940 9,550
5.986 9.710
7,032 9.770
7.078 9.830
7.124 9.890
.170 9.950
1.215 l0.010
7.262 10.070
7.308 10.130
7.354 10.190
7.400 10.250
I0.310
7 .444
7.488 10.370
10.430
t' .532
| .576 I0.490
10.550
1 .620
7. 586 10. 610
7. t-52 10.570
7.818 10.730
7.884 10.790
7.950 10.350
7.996 10.910
8.042 10.970
8.088 I I .030
8.I34 il.090
8.180 11.150
8.205 l l .2'10
8.232 11 .270
8.258 1 .330
8.284 11 .390
8.310 l l.4s0
8.354 1l .516
8.398 1l.582
8.442 1l .548
8.486 l .714
8. 530 l1 . 780
8.576 I .345
9.622 ri.912
8.658 l1 .978
8.714 I2.044
8.760 l2.l l0
8.804 12.176
8.848 12 -292
8.892 I2. 308
8.936 12.374
7

,]

7.680
7.730

9.440
9.505

31h

Nicket

7.780

a72

9.638
9.704

7.830

9.170

7.930

9.834
9.399

7.880

7.978
3.026
8.074

10.026

8.122

10.090
10.156
10.222
10.288
10.354

8.170
8.218
8.266

10.420

8.410

I0.486
r0.552
10. 618
i 0. 686

10.750

I0. sl8
10. sa6

11.42?
'11

.090

It-158
11

.226
.294

|.352
I I .430
11

.498

I1.555
1

t .702

r1.770

| .838
I1.905
' .974
12.042
12.

l0

12.182
12-254

\2.3?6

1'

laA

12.470
12.538
12.605
12.57 4

12.742

8. 314

23

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 2-l
Continued

Carbon Steel

Austeni c

MO Slainless
Thru Sleels
9CrMo lSCrgNl

Carbon-moly
Temp, Low-chrome
(D CIh.u 3 Cr Mo)

t't75
I180

5 CR

0.830

9, 750

13.850

10. 884

9.808

13.928

9.904

t 195

10.992
I I .046

14.054

9.952

14.'t32

1200

It.t00

10.000

lt95
lt90

ll oot

10.938

l2t0

I | .212

t22n

I1.268
I1.324

r0. r55
0.208

14.200
14.268
't4.335
i 4.404
14.472

.380

r0.260

1230

14. 540

I I .436

314

14.603

10.368
10.422

r4.676
14.7M

10.476

14.812

'10. 530

14.880

l2l5

rt.ltl

I
1240

r250

r0.052

.492

ir.598

'll .504
l I .660

0. 104

r0

I 0. 582

't4.948

0.634

I5.0r6

'tl .884

r0.738

15.084
IJ. IJZ

l0.

1285

.940
.946
12.052

1290

r2.

1295

12. r 64

1300
1305

'12.22

ll.7t5

l2 60

11.772

1270

r280

t.328

1 1

108

790

0. 952
I I .005

15.424

II

15.560
15.628
15.596

't0.898
r

.060
.108
.156

r3t0
l3l 5

12.276

|l

12.388

1320

12.444

11.2s2

r325

12.500

I I . 300
I I .350

1330

I I .450
'I | .
500

t 345
r

350

r2.780

350
J05

12.892
12.948

1370

13. 004

r
I

1375
1380
1385

L204

'll.0

I340

15.220
5.288

10.844

L550

15.492

'I

5. 754

15.832

l5, 900

't5.968
r 6.036
t 6.104
r 6.172
't5.240

I t . 600

'15.308

I1.650

16.375
16.444
I 6.512

11 .
1t .

700
750

3.060

l1 .800

t6

't390

13.112
13.228

I1.850
I1.900
I1.950

1395

13.284

12.000

1400

13.340

12.050

15. 920
lF ooa

1405
1410

l4l5
1420

r3.l

'|

5.580
't5.643
16. 7l 6

r6.784
6.852

17

.072

17.'t48
17.224

12 Cr

l7 Cr
27

C.

8.980

Monel
25 Cr 20 Nl 67 Nl 30 Cu

12. 440

1' a1'

12.810
12.878
12.946

12.638
12.704

13.014
13.082

9.200

12.770

9.244

12.836

I3.',I50
13.220

9.288
9.332
9.376

12.902

9.024
9.068
9.112
9,156

13.290
13.350
'13.430

3.034

9.420 3. t00
9.465 13.166
9.512 13.232
9.558 13.29S
9.504 13.364
9.650 t3.430
9.696 13.496
9.742 13.562
9.788 ',t3.628
9. S34 13.594
9.880 13. 760
9,926 t 3.826
9.972 13.892
10.0r8 13.958
t0.064 14.024
l0.l l0 14.090
r0,154 t4. t50
10.198 14.2t0
10.242 14.270
10.825 14.330
10.330 14,390
10.375 14.450
10.422 14.510
10.468 t4.570
10,514 14.530
10.550 14.540
r0.504
't0,648 14.750
14.810
r0.692 14.870
10.735 14.930
10.780 14.990
'10.826
r 5.050
r0.872 l5.l l0
't0.913
t5.170
r0.924 15.230
I I .010 15.290

13.500

13.544
r

3.788

13.360

r3.932
14.004
r 4.076
14. t 48

14.22
14.292
't4. 364

t4.435
14.508

r4.580
14,552
14.724
t 4.796
14.868
14,940
1

5, 084

15.300
t 5.444

lt.tlo
r

5.588

t- 60u

15.732
15.804
15.876

15.948
I

5.020

31h
Nickel

Coefficients of Thermal Expansion


Table 2-1
Continued

Austenltlc

Catlon Steel

MO Stainless
Thru Sleels
9ClMo 18Ct8Nl

12 CJ
17 Cr
27 C.

5 CR

Carbon-moly
Temp. Low-chrgmo
(D (Thru 3 Cr ilo)

Monel

25c|20 Nl 67 Nl 30Cu

3th
Nickel

't7.300

1425
1430

1435
1440
1445

17.534

17.6i2

1450
1455
1460

17.690

t465

17

17.768
17.846

.924
I8.002

t470

18.080

1475
1480
1485
1490

r8. r58
18.235

I495

13.31 4
le 102

500

18.470

Temp.

(D

-32 5

-320

Alumlnum

-4.68
-4.636

-315
-310
-305

-4.592

-300
-295
-290

-4.46

-4.548
-4.504
-4.41
-4.36

-2Aq
-280

-4.26

-275

-4.21

-270

-4.162
-4.1

l4

Gray
lron Bronze Brass

Caal

-J. v6

-3.932
-3.884
-i e1f
-3.788
-3.692
-3.644
-3.596
-3.548

70 Cu
30

Nl Ni.Fe.Cr

-J-66

-J.lt

-3.64

-2.87

-3.832 -3.094
-3.784 -3.038
-1 t16 -? aa?
-3.688 -2.926
-3.592 -2.836
-3.544 -2.&2

-1.49D -a. t06


-1..t.t5 -a- I J4

-3.4s2 -3.352
-3.404 -3.304

-3.5 -3.40

-2.70
-2.666
-2.632

-3.308 -3.208

-2.564

-260
-255

-4.066
-4,018

-250
-245

-3.97

-3.26 -3.16

-2.53

-?40

-3. 366
-3.8',r4

-3.164 -3.068
-3.I t6 -3.022
-3.068 -2.976

-2.462
-2.428
-2.394

-235
-230

-3.2'12 -3.114 -2.496

'J.Va
-210

-3.602
-3.548
-3.494

-a.tJ

_2. JO

-2.972 -2.884 -2.326


-2.924 -2.833 -2.292
-2.82A -2.746 -2.224

Ni-Cr.Fe

Ductile lron

25

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 2-1

Continued
Temp.

(D

Aluminum

Gray
Csst lron

-2.78

-3.44
-3.384
-3.328

-2.732
-2.684

-2.654

-180

-3.216

-2. t66

-2.5

-175

-3.16

-2.54 -2.47
-2.494 -2.424
-2.448 -2.378
-2.402 -2.332

-200
-195
-190

-185

n70
-t

65

-160
-155

-3. 104

-3.048

-?.992
-2.936
-2.88

-r 45

-2.8i8

-140

-2,756
-2.694

-lJ5
-llu
-125
- r20

nl5

-6t

-80
-75
-70
-65
-ou
-55
-45
-40
-30
-25
-20

30
35

40
45

-t

.49

-l .45

-2.086

-t.J60

-2.052

-1

.4t

-i .362

-l .984

-l.314

-2.24

-1 .95

-2.144
-2.096

-1.908
-|.aroo
-1 .824

-1 .29
-1 .264

1AJ

-?.27
-2.21
-2. 15
-2.09
-? i1

-t.ot
-l .76

-t.ro

-1.53
n .49

-1 .04

'l.ll
_l.OO

-l.OO4
-l.OlO

-1.97

-t .56 -1.52
-t.512 -1.474
-1.464 -1.42A
-l.4t6 -1.382

n.91
-l .85
-t .79

-1

71

-r.ot

-l.6

-l .46
-1.39

-2.048

-1 .856

. 6',14

-l

,306

.236

-1.292 -l .182
-1.278 -t .128
-1.264 -1.074

.25

-1

-t.lt

- ,962 -0.866 -

.858
.804

.696

-.902

- .834
-.766
- .698
-

.56
.49
.42
.35

-t.o50

-l .16
-1.136
-1

-l

.l t2
.

c88

.45

-1.014
-.988

-1 .41

-,962

-l

-1.33

-l .29
-l.21
-1.13

-1

-1.32
-1.25

n.18

-'1.74

-1.698

-t.506

-1.212

-, . 160

-l .952
-l .904

-1.712

-t.233

-.91

-.882
-.854

-,826
-.798

-1 ,67

-.97

25

-2.31
26

-1

-1.064

20

-2. Z60

-r .5l

-2.148
b

-2. JaC

-2

-2.162

Ductile lron

-1 .572

-l .04

l0

-2.19

Ni.Cr.Fe

-l .808

- t5
- l0
-5
5

-2.608

Nl Ni.Fe.Cr

-2.00

-2.57
-2.51
-2.45

-tu5

-95
-90

-2.70

30

-2.21
-2.16
-2. 1 l
-2.06
-2.01
-r .96
-t.9l
-r .86

-110
-100

Z0 Cu

Eronze Brass

-',!

.02

-t. t3.t -.9vo


-l .058 - .912

.714
.658
.602
.546
.49
.436
.382
.328
.274

.642

-1 .082

-.77

_.74

-.71
-0.986
-0.938

- .89
- .844
- .799
-.752
- .706
- .66
-.612
-.564

- .65

-.62
-.588
-.556

-.524
-4.9?

-.414

.588
.534

- .5',16
- .468

-.276

.48
.426
.372

-.374

-.212

.318

.282

-. 194
-. 176
-.158

.264

-.236

-.322

Coefficients of Thermal Expansion


Table 2-1
Continued
Temp.

(R

50
55
60

Alumlnum

-.28

- .21
- .14
0

ta

.3066
. J6JJ

'100

120

.616
.694
.772

125

.85

130
135
140
145

.926

165
170

.312
.346

.54

.414
.448

.72

,482

.84

.622

.08
.14

.542

2.00
?.082
2.164

1.26
.764
70'l

.972

2.41

230

2.494
2.578

'L
I

'I

.08
.118

I.i56
I .194

.232

2.7 46

250
255
260
265

2.43
2.912
?.994

1.27

270

J. lc6

275

3.24

1.45
1.488

295

'I

.21

.246
.282
.318
.354

.472

.56

.52
.568

.664

.oto

.716

.oo+
.712

.612
-bbb

.76
.805

.7
.744

.57

.852

.798

.97

.898

1.02

.944

,832
.876

.684
.72?

.92
.966

.788

1.012

.826

.olz
,

768

.82
.87
.54

.07
.122
.174

.288

1.

. 175

346
404
462

,226

.278

.5b6

oa

.038
'I .086
1

't

]34

I.182

.39
.4?6
..+Oa

.498

'1.058
'I

'I

.62

l.ott
1.74

1,8
1.86
1 .922

,902

1.342

2.294
2.356
?.418

.4]4

2,8

2.542
2. 604

I .564

1.602

I .434

t./06

l.tJ6

.83

1.486

.59

2.14

2.232

'1.378

1.644
1.705

2.17

306

.94

2.046
2. t08

.984

2.666
2.728

o.to

.864

.',t04

'I

'1

1.86

2.202 L 914
2.264 1.968
2.326 2.022
2.388 2.076

2.512
2.574
2.698

.252

.196

| . JJ.t
I .386

.288

.892 1 .644
,954 I .698
2.C]6 1.752
2.078 I .806

'I

tJ+

.60s

l.Jo

225

290

1.

.14

.424

1.114

t.Jt'
I .44

. 105

.51

uto

1.172

.035
.07

.46

,94
.998

'l

044

3.412
3.498
3.584

.41

|
.76
.82
.88

I .32

.866

2.328

3.076

.0933

.35

|.

.0433
.0866
.13
.1 73
.216
.26
.304
.348
.392
.436
.48
.524

.25

.408
.466
.524
.582
.64

.96

220

280
285

.l15

.5',16

r.008

240
245

.1866

.48

2.246

2.35

.206
.258

1.386
I .464

1.698
1.776
1.854
1.932

205
210

.t4

.24
.J

.233
.291

.lla

.02

| .62

200

.12

.586

175

190
't95

.0466

'L 308

.05'16
.1033

.278

.14
.105
.07

-_.035

.0s83
.1166

.uo

.658
.694

.66

.002
.078
.154

180
'185

.?44

110

Ductile lron

Ni-FeCr

- ,21
- .105
q2E

.21

't05

Itt

.055

.035
.07
.105
.14

80

t3u

.165

.016

85
90

Nl

-.07

70

70 Cu
30

Gray
Caal lron

2.184
2.238
2.346

'I

.012

']

048

I . 084

.438

I .49

'I

L.38

544

.426

t.t7

I .598

.472

'|

'I

.?1

.652

1.5i3

1.706

't

.564

1.75

'l

,5l

.658

.37

706

.41

802

.45
.49

'l

.8',t4

.868

922

']

.25
1.29

'1,754

1.976

1.

2.03
2.084
2.138
2.192
2.246

't

.85

I .898

I .568

1.946
I .994
2.O42

'|

.606

.644
I .682

28

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 2-1

Continued
Temp.

(D

Alumlnum

300
305

3.67

3i0

3. 838

Gray
Casl lron

't

.64

.678
1.716

'1. 754

Bronze Brass

274
2.954
2.918
t oat
2.046

320

4.006

't.792

325

4.09
4.176
4.262

I.atj
1.87

3.',t I

r .91

3.234

1.95
I .99

3.296

3.4

330
340
345

4.348

4.434

350
355
360
365
370

4.52

4.864

2,03
2.068
2.106
2.144
2.182

375
380

4.95

4.606

4.692
4.778

3.1n

3,484
3.548

3.612
J.O/O

2.22

2'A

lAE

5.038

3.7 4
3. 802

5.126

2,3

3.864

390
395

5.2 14

2.34

400
405
410

5.39

5.302

s.478

2.42
2.46

5.566
5. 654

2.54
2.58

3.926
3.988
4.05

4.

4. 178
4.242
4.306

420

5.742

425
430

5.92

4.434

4.498
4.562
4.626

4.37

6.0i

2.704

440
445

6.1

2.7 46

450
455
460
465
470

6.28

2.788
2.83
2.87

4. 69

2.76

70 Cu
30

Nl NLFe-Cr

2.40

2.30
2.358

Nt-Cr-Fe

2.09

3.48

4.248

3.648

4. 314

3. 704

2.56
2.606
2.652
2.698
2.744

4.38
4.448

3,76

2.79

4,516

3.872
3,928

3.386
3.434

3.984

3.482

4.l l6
4.1e.

4.584
4.652

z.4to

2.474
? q1,

2.648
2.706
2.764

2 e)t

2.136

2.182

2 2r9

2.2't4
2.368
2.416
2.464
2.512

2.8

2.56
2.508

J.UO

2.94
3.00
3. l2
3.

l8

2.4

2.95

3.0
3.05
3.098
3. 146
3. 194

2.91

4. 856

6.544
6.632

2.95

4. 882

4.094
4. 148

4.946

4.924
4.992

4.202
4.256

3.68

475

6.72

3.03

5.01

s.06

4.31

480
485
490
495

6.81

3. 78

5.074

6.9

3.072
3. 114

5.128
5. t96

+.

6.99

4.422

3. 156

7.08

l10a

5.202
5.266

3.828
3.876

5.264

4.472
4.534

3.924

.17
7.262
7.354

3.24
3.284
? 1'A

5.394
5.458

4.59
4.646
4.702
4.758

5t5

520

7.538

.446

525

3.46

5.65

530
535

7.724
7.818

3.544

7.912

a. t61

s40

J. J6O

5. 848

545

8.006

3.628

5. 9',I4

5.

7',1

2.97 4
3. 04

G4

JOO

2.882
2.928

3.088
3. 63
3.',]84

3. 73

3.28
3.384
3.436

3.488

5.68

4. At4

4.02
4.07
4.12
4,17
4.22

5.75

4.87
4.929

4.27
4,32

3. /'6
3.806

5. 89

4.986
5.044

6.03

5. 102

4.42
4,47

3.898
3.944

5.54

5.522
3. 416

2.44
2.48

3.816

4.

5.40
5.47

2.05
?.09

2.80
2.85

4.72

.97
2.01

,704
2.752

2.656

2,9

1to,

.804
.846
.888

2.13
2.176
2.222
2.268
2.314

4.788

500
505
510

.7?

2.824 2.456
2.838 2.512
a.taz 1, to6
3.016 2.624
3.08 2.68
3.146 2.736
3.212 2.792
3.278 2.848
3.344 2.904
3.41 2.96
3.474 3.015
3.538 3.072
3.602 3. 128
3,666 3. 184
3.73 3.24
3.794 3.296
3.858 3.352
3.922 3.408
3.986 3.464
4,05 3.52

4.754
4. Bl8

6.368
6.456

Duclile |ron

3.54
J. 0Z6

3.672

l./to

Coetficients of Thermal Expansion


Table 2-1
Continued
Temp,
(F)

550

Aluminum

8.

Gray
Casl

tlon

8. 192

3.

8.376

7l4

Bronze

Brass

5.98
6.046
6.112
6. I78
6.244

6.10

560
565
570

8.2U
8. 468

3.758
3.802
3.846

575
580
585
590
5q5

8. 56

3.89

8.654
8.748

3.934

b.l I
b. J/b

8.842

4.022

b.

8.936

4.066

600
605
610
615

9.03

4.n

620
625
630
535
64C

645

4. 156
4.202

4.428
4.294
4.34
4.386

4.432
4.478
4.524

550
655
660
665
670

4.57

675
580
685
690
695

4.8

4.616

4.662
4.708
4.754
4.846
4.A92
4.938
4.984

700
705

5.076

7t0

5.122

715
720

5. I68

5.214

7?5

5.26
5.308

730
735

740
745
750
755
760
765

5.404

5.452
5.548
5.596
5. 644

770
775
780

785
790
795

5.7 4

5.788
5.884

5.932

6.442
!u6
o.l/+

70 Cu
30 Nl

Ni"Cr-Fe

5. 16

Ductile lron

3.99

4.32
4.57

4.036

4.62

4.082

6.31

5.218
5.276
5.334

6.38

5.392

4.7?

4.174

o. +J

5.45
s.496

4.77
L.82
4.87

4.2?
4.264
4.308

5.608
5.664

4.92

4. 352

6. 17

6.24

o.3z
6.59
0.00

o./J

6.64 6. 80
6.704 6.872
6.944
6. 768
7.016
6. 832
6.896 7.088
6.96 7 .16
7.234
7 .026
7.308
7 .092
7.158 7.382
7.224 7 .456
7.29 7.53
7.356 7.602
7.422 7.674
7.488 '1.7 46
7.554 7.818
7. 89
7 .62
7.686 7 .964
7.752 8.038
7.818 8.1 12
7.884 8.186
7.95 8.26
8.016 8.336
8.082 3.412
8.148 3.488
8.214 8.564
8.28 8.64
8.348 8.716
8.416 8.792
8.484 8.868
8.552 8.944
8.62 9.02
8.688 9.096
8.756 9.172
8.824 9.248
8.892 9.324
8.95 9.40
9.028 9.476
9.096 9.352
9.',164 9.628
9.232 9.704

4.128

1.97
4.44

3.72

4.484

5.778
5.1?

t.17

4.528
4.572

3.?2

4.616

6.01

5.27

4. 66

6. 068

5.322

4.708

6. 184

s.426

6.242

5.478

4.756
4.804
4.852

6.30

6.524

5.53
5.582
5.634
5.686
5.738

6.58
6.64

5.84?

5.836
5.894

oE,

6.126

6.355

6.412
6.468

4.9
4.948
4. 996

5.044
5.092

5.394
5.946
5.998

5.24

6.938

6.102

6.996
7.054

6. 154

5.432
5.474

6.206
6.258

5.558

6.362

5.60
5.65

6. 414

5.70

6.70
6.7 6

6. 88

7.112
7.17
7 .23
7 .29

7.35

5.34

5.75

.41

o.f,kt

.47

.528

7.586

6.57
6.6?4
6.678

5.85

.644

6.732

6.00

6.05

7.702

7.76
7.82
7.88
7,94
8.00

5.90

6. 84

6.t0

6.894

6. l5

6.948
7.002

6.20
5.25

5.30

29

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 2-1

Continued
Temp.
(F)

Alumlnum

Gray
lron Bronze Brass

Cast

.800

805
810
815
820

825

9.30

5.98
6.028

v,

6.124
6.172
6.22
6.27
6.32
6.37
6.42

850
855
860
865

6.47
6.52
6.57

870
875
880
885
890
895

5.72

900
905
910
915
9?0

6.97

6.77
6.87

7.022
7.O74

7.216
7.178

925
930

7.284
7.338

940
945

,392
7 .446

950
955
960
965

7.5

970

7.708

,604

7.656

975
980
985
990
995

7.812
7.864
7.916

'1000

8.02

't005

l0l0
i0r5

't020
1025
1030
1035
1040
1045

7.968

'10.4 10.96
1.038
10.47 t'l.lt6
10.54 l't .194
10.61 11.272
1

10.748
10.8't6
10.884
'10.952

11.02
I1.09
'l
l.l6
11.23
'l l .3
11.37
'I
r .438
1l

'I

.506
.574

11,642
l

.71

11.778
'11

.846
I I .982
l

l.9r4

12.05

12.12
'12.19

12.26
12.33
12.4

12.472
12.544
12.616
16.688

8. 06

y.556
9.936
10.014
10.092

'10.33

'10.68

Nl Ni_Fe_Cr

9.78

9.436
9.504
9.572
9,64 i0. I 7
9.71 10.25
9.78 10.33
9.85 10.41
9.92 10.49
9.99 10.57
10.06 10.648
10. 13 10.726
10.2 t0.804
10.27 10.882

5.076

830
835
840
845

Jo5

70 Cu
30

8.118

Ni_Cr_Fe

Ductlle lron

.10

8. I76

6.398
6.446

8.292

6.542

8.412

5,59
6.642

6.494

8.474

8.598

6. 694

o. /40
6. 798

8,66
6. 898

B,784
8.846

8.908
8.95
9.012
9.074
9.135
9.198

6. 946
6. 994

7.042
7. 09
7. 138

/. tt'0
.234
7 .282
7

1l .35
1

.43

11.51

ola

.59

I .44

1 1

II.57
11.75
11 .832
11 .914
11.996

12.078
12.

t6

12.242

12.324
12.402

9.5
9,622
9. 684

9.746

10.242
10.304
I

u. Joo

10.428
10. 49

t3.062

'10.

13.i44

10.614

13.226
13,308

't0.738

s52

10. 80

13,474

'10.862

13.558

10.924

13.642
13.726

7.772

7.9r

10.t8

',t3.39

9.87
a o?,
9.994

12.57
12.652

12.98

.64
.684
7.728
7

/.6tb

10.056
10.118

12.816
12.898

.466
.524
7 .582
7

9. 808

12.488

12.734

7.408

I0.
'11

986
048

7. 86

8.01

8.06

8.rI
8. ',t s8

8.206
8.254
8.302

Coetficients ot Thermal Expansion

2-l
Cofitlrued
Table

Temp.

1050
1055

t060
1065
1070
'1075
r

080

1085
1090

t095
00
1105

l l t0
'n

l5

1120
1125
1130
1135
1 140

lt45
50
'1

155

Aluminum

Gray
l;on

Cast

8r6nze Erass '

12.76
12.83
12.90
1?.97
'13.04

l3.l'l

r3.182
13.254

13.32
13.39
13.47

70 Cu
30

Nl Nl-Fe-cr

13.81

11.11

13.894
13.978
14.062
14.146

'11

14.23
14.314
14.398
14. 492

14.566

n.172
11.234
.296

'1t .3

58

11.42

1t.484
11.548
't1.612
l1 .676

l4.65

Il.74
r

.802

11 . 864

11.926
.988
12.05

't2,I16
12.182
12.248

12.3]4
12. 38

12.442

lt60
'1165

12. 504

l l70

12.628

'1175

12.69
tz. tao

1180
85

I190

2.500

12.&2
't

2. 888

'I195

12.954

r200

13.02
13.088
tJ. t50

't205
'1210

l2l5
1220
1225
'1230

13.292
IJ.JO

'13. 43

1235

1240
1245
1250
'I255

13.64
'13.

71

1260

13.776
13.842

1265
1270

13.974

1275
1280

't285
1290
1295

'13.908

14.04
'14.
l
'14.

l8

'14.25
14. 32

Nl-Cr-Fs

Ductlle llon

31

32

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 2-1
Continued
Temp.

300
i 305

Aluminum

Gray
lron Bronze Erass

Casl

70 Cu
30

Nl Ni-Fe.Cr

l310

14.39
14.46
14.53

1320

14.67

't315

'I4. 60

14.7 4
1330
IJJ'
1340
1345
1350

14.812

'14.884

r5.028
'15. 10

tt.l06
I JOU
I JOa

15.304

1370

15.372

375
I 380
'l
385
1390

15.44

't
1

5.584
5.656

15.278
1400

'1405
t

4l0

l4l

15,80

13.872
15.944

I 5.01 6

1420

16.088

1425

16.

1430
1435

16.234

't440
1445

l6

16.308
16.382
16.456

1450
1455
1460
1465

16.53

1470

16.81

1475

76.88

1480
1485
1490
r 495

17.029
17.102

'1500

17.25

16. 60
16.7 4

16. 954

17.176

Ni-Cr-Fe

Ductile Iron

lable 2-2
Modulus ot Elasticity-Ferrous Material
Modulus ot Etasticity, psi (MultiPly Tabulated Values by

106)

oF

-325 -200 - 100

Iaterial

:--lrn
:r::

70

300 400 500 600 700

200

800

9oo 1000 1r00 1200 1300 1400 1500

steels

content

l-r

or

\:=:.31/2
..::.rr

30.0 29.5

29.0

27

.9

27

.7

27

.4

27 .O

26.4 25.7 24.8 23.4 18.5 15.4 13.0

steels

:'::

Coment
i^rl ie

lr
l

31.0 30.6 30.4 29.9 29.5 29.0 28.3 27.4

"c

26.'7 25.4 23.8

21.5 18.8 1s.0

11.2

23.0 20.4

15.6

--:':r-moly
i---s. low
-_:tme
:--r'rgh

,- \to

,::

i -:,aOlarc

31.0 30.6

30.4 29.9 29.5 29.0 28.6 28.0 21.4 26.6 25

29.4 28.5

28.1

30.4 29.9

29.4 28.3 27.7

24.s

,:at:ne

;-.s
"1,
:-

(5 Cr

:_qh 9

-- \lo)

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--:tI
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:-_

27.4

27

.1 26.8 26.4 26.0 2s.4 24.9 24.2 23.5 22.8 2r.9 20.8 19.5

27.1 26.6 26.1 25.4 24.8 24.r 23.4 223 22.0 21.3 20.7 r9.3

17 9

ChrO-

-ll

30.8 30.3 29.8 29.2 28.7 28.3 27.7 27.0 26.0 24.8 23.r 2r.r 18.6 15.6 r22

i- l:t

13.4 r3.2 12.9 12.6 r2.2 11.'l 11.0 10.2

aa
"t . ;-:;

are

for infornation, and it is not implied that materials are suitable for all lhe tempefatures

shovrn.

Table 2-3
Materials
Elasticity-Nonferrous
Modulus of
E = Modulus of Elasticity, psi (Multiply Tabulated values by
TemDerature, "F

,,

18.1

67 Ni-30 Cu) and

106)

26.8 26.6 26,4 26.0 26.0 26'0 25'8 25,6 25'4 24.7 2.31 2|.o 18.6 16.0 14.3 13.0
Cu-Al)
r--e:-\ickel
- J.r-30 Ni)
21.6 Zl.5 21.2 2O.9 20.6 20'3 20 O l9'7 l9'4
-. -::--.tm alloys
10.9 10.6 10.1 10.0 9.8 9.5 8.7 7 7
ll.3
' rrr:.99.98% Cu)
17.0 16.7 16.5 16.0 15.8 15.6 15.4 15 1 14.7 14213.7
| :- e:cial bmss (66 Cu-34 Zn) 15.0 14.7 14.5 14.0 13.9 13.7 13.5 13.0 12.7 l2'2 lf '8
-ia:i: :in bronze
14.2 13.8 13.5 13.0 12.9 12.7 12.4 12.0 i1.7 11.3 10.9
rl :r-6 Sn-1.5 Pb-4.5 Zn)
:c \l-29

' ,t :=:

erc

for infonation, and it is not implied lhat materials are suitable fot all lhe tenperotures shown'

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 2-4
Propertles of Salurated Steam
v-cs|E I T6Fhtw.
,s.ff

P'

0..|{,
0.45

I H6t or I L.6r H6r I To!.t H..t

.lll}''|

!h. Liquid

lofEvle4.lis

of

s44

,9c..i6.
77

Coelficients of Thermal Expansion


Table 2-4
Continued

rdpa.*.

.#E:1".j"

l"tffiltl I 'St*.

6.5!{l
6.,t58

76.0

n.0
78.0

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5.055
5.001
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101,0
102.0
103.0

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4.19.1

4.157

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112.0
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u90.9

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1191.9
1192.0
1192.1

3.110
3.147
3.264
3,712

la6.

to.

l$. 0
lag. 0

35

36

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 2-4

Continued
Hqr Tod Ha!
.Her.f.. II dr-tdr!
@uq@
Ei.po..rr@ I| of sr..E

:.134

2.67
|,9992

i.999
r.9183

Expansion

Coefficients of Thermal
Step

ExamPle Problem
Use Figure 2-1 to calculate the F factor for the

2.

move horizontally to the left to find the tmper-

atue correction factor, F, which in this example is equal to 0.22.

: 660"F
: l0 ft-O in.
= lin.
K : I (shrt fully insulated)
'F : Ambient temperature
Tr : Average temperature

T
I
t

1.

Klt

vl

Enter the chart at the point along the botom


line where kh/Ji. Then move up vertically to

the point where the curve intersects' Then

follow-

conditions:

sep

Step3. T1
Step

4. Td

: T-70'F:530'F.

F x Tr

O.22

530"F

116.6'F

or 117"F.

I x 10ft
:-=IU

Steps.

T" =

Tur

* 70'F :

117"F + 70"F

r87"F.

l.o
.9

.t
.,

Temperature at top ot skkt (oD


Avraqe temperature of skirt (oD
Height of skirt, ft

Thickness of sklrt, in.


1 lor skirt lully insulated
1.7 for skirt flreback insulaled
2.7 for skirl not insulated
Temperature corrgcllon lactor

1.6
l

.5

I
.3

37

Example (see Page 2)

.2
.t

t4

t6 t8 20 22

24

26

2A

---------1>

Flgure 2-1. Curve for determination of average skirt temperature.

30

32

3ll

Allowable Stress Range for


ANSI/ASME Power Piping
Code 831.1 (198t

This chapter contains allowable thermal stresses for petroleum piping. Values of Sh taken from ANSI/ASME
Code 831.3-1980, Appendix A, Thble l. (Used courtesv
of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.)

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ooooooooggooooooooooo
oooooaooooooooo660000
o ct o o 0 ct o o o c, c, o o o e o cr cl aj o o

o c) (] cr o o o o g Q o o cl o o cr o o o ct o
ooooooooolJaooooo6oooa
o c)o
o oo
o (] o o o o o o o o o o oct
o

\o
F

v\ o
N'.'r
F
Q
9 N

9 Cr O O O O o O g
o o o o o o oo
o o
eqCoo9ooooooooo66oooo Q
tl o o o o o o o o o o o o tc..r. ci o o o (,

c) o o o o o o o g !? o o o o cr o c o c, o o
c, o o o o o oo
- 6o
9 9 oo
6 6o
o oo
coooooooo()c)oooocooooo

g I o o o o o o o o o <t o o o c, o c, o o o
o
o
o
o
ct
o
o
o
ct
o
o
o
o
o
o
..-.oo ao oo oo oo o
c o o o (Jo
o o o o o o oo(t
o

Piping Stress Handbook

a
I

z
C

o-

utE

-AE
JO

oz
|rl=
NI

zl

a
a
a
a

-r|
J=

tl

ll

ro

<,
\o

tr

t\
I
E

z
@

t-

F
E

-l

I
I
I
I

:E

o-

oooooo
o0oooo

o(loooo
aooooo
oooooo

oooooo

lr, E
NE

oz

EFF

JO
'E

a=

urE

Allowable Stress Range for ANSUASME Petroleum Piping Code

lA

o (f o .o o o
oooooo
crQoooo

ocroooo
ooo<too
ooo(Joo
vr!crrNFo
r^
1/| r/r v\ v'r
I^rr,|r^r/i|'l
T\l|vNNNN

FFN

oooooo
oooctoo
ocroooo
ct\oNrD.ta5
cr6at
I!NNNNN
oooooo
oooooo
uryruturrvr
r|r||rl|.lrrrl
N-NNNFN.

orr.raMlNF
NNNNAIN

('oac|oo
ec,oooo
oooooo
oooooo
oooooo
N@racJrON

ctoocroo
oooooo

oooooo
(tooooct

ooooort
oooooc)
h\OF.@6C'

111

Stress Intensification and Flexibilitv trlactors

c Minimum radius. Tt'is dimension must not be


less than .05 D65 except widr a branch diameter larger than 30 in. It need not exceed 1.50

The following is an explanation of the terms used in figuring flexibility and stress intensification factors. Refer to
Tables 5-l through 5-3 for a tabular listing of the factors
for different piping configurations. Figures 5-l and 5-2 illustrate these factors for widely spaced, two-weld and
three-weld miter elbows, respectively.

i:
T:

T:
To:
T.:

0:

Maximum radius, For outlet pipe sizes 8


inches nominal and larger, this dimension
must not excd 0.10 Dob + 0.50 in. For outlet pipe sizes less than 8 in. nominal, this dimension shall not be greater than 1.25 in.

When the external contour contains more than


one radius, the radius of any arc sector of aF
proximately 45" must meet the requirements
for maximum and minimum of radii.
o Machining must not be employed in order to
meet the preceding requirements.

Definitions

h:

inches.

Flexibility characteristic
Flexibility factor (never less than unity, factor
for torsion equal to unity)
Stress intensification factor (never less than
unity, factor for torsion equal to unity)
Nominal wall thickness of the fitting for elbows, and miter bends, in.
Nominal wall thickness of the marching pipe for
tees, in.
Crotch thickness of tee, in.
Pad or saddle thickness, when q is 1.5T, use h
: 4Tlf . n.
One-half angle between adjacent miter axes,

S = Miter spacing at centerline, in.

:
Cr :
C2 :
D*

Closely spaced miter bend: S

Mdely

spaced miter bend:

12 (1 + tan 0)
S >r2 (1 + tan 0)

O.D. of branch, in.


Correction factor for curves with one end
flanged, Cr : firre
Correction factor for curves with both ends
flanged, C2 : hr/3

deg

Rr:

Mean radius of matching pipe, in.


Bend radius of welding elbow or pipe bend, in.

: S cot 0 /2
: [rz (1 * cot

o For closeV spaced miters Rr


o For widely spaced miters Rr

0)lt2
Radius of curvature of the external contoured
portion of the oudet measured in the plane containing the axis of the run and branch in inches.
This is subjected to the following limitations:

The piping code does not speciff any particular distance


from the end ofthe elbows arc or the centedine or a miter
weld in which a flange will be effective in modiffing the
K and i factors on these items. Until a better definition is
published, the following rules can be applied:
o Weld

elbows-Modifu the k and i factor when the butt


weld of the flange is within one pipe diameter of the butt
of the elbow.
(Text continued on page 120.)

112

Stress Intensification and Flexibility Factors


Table S1
Flexibility and Stress Intenslfication Factors
Floxlbility

D.l6iprion

Outpl6n.

\lblding elbow

sirara lnt. F.ctorl'6

r.65

or pipe bend

Closely spaced
miter bend
s<12 (1 + tao 0)

F;t

Single miter bend


or widely spaced

t.52

1.52

Fl.ribiliw
Ch!r!ct!dnic
h

li

'pz

0.9
'p;

tr'n

0.9

0.9

r;

314io + 114

(',)'

09

Cot 0

(")'

@#

l+coto r
2't

miter bend

s>/2 (1 + tan

ffi

lRt

0.9

0.75
'et

Skctch

d)

Weldins te

per -A.NSI 816.9

0.9

with

r,)I/a

D2

T"> 1.5 T

Reinforced
fabricated

0.9

TE

TE

tee with pad or

314io+

ll4

saddle

UNeinforced
fabricated tee

Extruded

welding tee

0.9

0.9

tt"=

3l1io+ rl4

3141o+ r14

(.f)f

T"<1.5 T
Welded-in
contour insert

r,)I/a

D2

0.9

t*

314

io+

ll4

T">1.5 T
Branch weldedon finirg

0,9

0.9

(integra Y

3,3

reinforced)

ANSI/ASME 93l.3d-1984
Reproducedlfom ANSUASME Code 83l-3-1980, Appe dix D',lirble
ical Engineers.

I. Repi

ted counesy ofThe At efican society of Mechatt-

113

rl
114

Piping Stress Handbook


Table

+2

Strss Intensitication Factots for Branch Connections

40
80

f60
40
80

150
80

t20
160

xxs

'lt

1.00

1.00

I.OI
1.34

1.45

1.0
1.0

1.00
1.00

l.l0

0
0

1.00

2
0
0

t
$

1.03
1.00
1.00
1.00
2.16
1.44
1.30

60
80

100
120
140
160

I
.l

10
20
30

1.0 0
1.0 0
2.O4

1.84
1.60
1.36
L.20

t50
t0
20
ST
30
40

L.20

1.01

r.0

1.0

1.0 0

140

t60

40
50
80

100

L20

t.0 r
I.0 0

1.0

l0

3.54

t.97
1.40

100

std

1.00
1.00

20
30

2.0
1.9

8
0

20
30
40

60
80

1.43

.250

30
40
60
80

100

r.0

4.39

1.0 2

1.00
4.0

2.90
8

1.10

stal

1.00

20
30
40

3.49

.250

1.00

.3r2
std
20
30
40

4.40
3.89
3.20

2.31
3.84

3.42
2.56
2.49
4.59

4.79
4.23
3.48
2.80
5.78

4.9

10

1.34

13

0I

4.64

4.42
IO

2.70

1.0

s!d

xs

l0

I.OI

4.0

stal

1.00

1.

1.49

10

2.54

1.00

r.

20

1.78

I.09

L.14
1.47

2.34

30
40
50
80

r.23

7.23

1.0

2.43

20

xs

1.88

100
120
140
150

1.10

140
160

t0

40

1.87
1.56

4
0

2.22

3.89

IO
20
30

1.0
1,0

1.00

2.09

1.0

2. a7

1.9

r.82

L20

2.40

1.00

2. r.0

80

I40
t60

2.59

100

I.00

1.0

60

r20

f.80
r. {8

1.00

r.0

xs

1.09
1.00

I.00

40

I.00
r.69
t.03

120
140

1.00

1.0

xs

l. l3

s9

1.45

std

L.O2

1.00

f.78

20
30

1.0

l.

I.0

r.22

1.0
L.0
1.0

rl

1.00

2.91

4.40

2.37
4.39
3.27
2.54

6.40
4.88
3.46

Slross Intensitication and Flexibility Factors

Table 5-2

Contlnued

40
80

160

1.00

d0
80

!.29

I50

{0
80

r20
r60

xxs
{0
80
120
160

xxs

1.00

1.36

r.0
2.27
1.04
1.00

80

1.6

2.24
1.90

100

1.45

140

1. 16

160

1.05

30

{0
50
80

100

\20

l.l0

80

1.0

1.7

3.70
2.88

50

1.99

80
100

1.49

1.32

I00

IO

1.73

30
40

2.95
2.62

3.ss

60
s0
100
140
160

l0

!.L2

40
60
80

3.31

1.80

120
140
160

L.24

l0

5.66
4.86

std

4.39

20
10
20

30

s.36
4.11
3.91
3.34

1.08
s.80
4.24
3.6

7.0

3.41

140
10
20
30
40
60
80

I40

r00

t.4s

10
20
30
40

r60

100
120

1.70

1.49

r20

2.01

3.08

100
120
140
!.50

xs

40
50

2.5I

2.50

50

3.01

xs

30

40

xs

3.34

3, ?9

t.09

3.41
2.98

std.

sa

20

30

20

4.39

xs

140

t60

10

160

2.47

20

1.13

80

20
30
40

xxs

120
140

1.0

4.0 7

3.{9
3.09
2.09

t.52

6.08
5.36
4.39
3.34
7.82
s.96
4.A9

4.20
3.70

116

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 5-2

Continued

f.70
0

1.00

1.58
1.30
1.04

1.40

L.0

40
80

L20
150

xxs

t.7

l.

41

l.14
t. 01

ll

1,00

1.83
1.70
1. 41

3,00

1.86

100
120
140

2.27

-t4

1.85
1.43

f0

2.64
2.Aa

xs
30
40
60
80

1.49

100
120
140
160

3,91

10

3.24

std

2.O 4

1. 41

I.29
4.74
3.06
2.85

2.O 4

I.7

4.23

f,49

3.7

3,0

1.22

.250

5.9

1.9

std
20
30
40

3.r7
2.44

2.60

10
s

3.82
3.32

4.75
3.9

r.50
r.25

20
30
40

3.68
3.20

4.57

.250

3.9

2.45
2.36

1.9I

5.3s,

tal

1.38
7.27

1.74

4.76

6.r7

2.O2

3,07
2.39

5.46

4.42

6.9I

6.01
5.31
4.69

10

3.38

2.38

5.99
4.56

6.34

4.35

20
30

2.94

1.,38

5.0

s.49

1.37

12

1.40

stil

1.28

1.54

2.03

.250

1.68

3.28

2.95
2.38

1.40
1.30

r.94

1,5r

4.0

l0

5.31

1.99

2.43

1.7

100

2.46

2.O7

1.94

10
20
30
40
60
80

3.28

20

2.Ar

7.12

1.29

20

2.69
1.6 7

2.00
I-7 4

1.20

3.09

100
120
140

3.49
3.0

3.'7

2.19

2.45

10
20
30
40
60
80

2.t9

1.68

1.37

4.94

3.45

40
60
80

140
160

1.20

2.a7

3,9

t20

1.23
20
30
40
50
80

7.52
f .35
1.25

XS

100

1.18

2.50
2.34

1.48
1.32

1.19

ST

I.20

1.31

rc

10
20
30

1,08
1.00

r.26

1.39

.3]-2
stal
20
30
40

5.78
4.'t

4.0

3.42
'7.89

6.80
6.00
4.9

3.44

4.25

6.8

8.75

5.9

5.24

6.66
5.4

4.72

*RXINFORCED FABRICATED TEE PAD THICKNESS EQUAI


TO NOMINAT THICKNESS OF PIPE HEADER

Table

117

Stress Intensification and Flexibility Factors

.5F2

Continued

40
80

160
40
80

160

2.19

2-16
2.22
r.6 4

2.63

2.30
1.80

2,7

3.

r.88

7.34

3,90
3.03
2.50

xs

4.80
4.45

6.0?

4.57
3.34

2.10

2.41
10.44

1.76

2.Ol

8.0 8

4.61
4.31

5,49

4.21
3.64

2.07
2.02
4.71

4.2r

3.44

3.0 7

2,45
2.0

6.02
4.39
3.84
2.45

2.49
2.29

5. t4

4.60

4.9 5

2.80
2.43
6.85
4.25
3.?6

xs

4.0I
3.14
2,72
2.25

10
20
30
40

50
80

,94

4.61
3.9

3.39
3.0 3

2.24
9.09
4.14
3.17
3.24

2.59
2.37
't.69

4.78
a.40
3.30

9.60

2.70

2.44
r1.

?9

6. 8l
5.9 4

4.69

8.20

7.0

5.10

r0.73

6. r0

7.80

9.t2
8

10.44

1I.4

14.92

4.77
7.26
5.9

9.r2

6.92
6,04
5.36
4.45

8.89

3.18

3.9

6.81

1I.36
8.01

70.21

15.50
13.35

7.54
6.54
5.79

8,38
7.34

13.

f4

11.37
10.30

4.6 4
0

8.57
7.38

3.29

2.45

11. S2

8.0

11.8I

2,O9

9.'t5

10. s4

4.s3
2.94

l-2.46

8.30

9.9 0

6.40
5.54
4.92
4.44

3.0 2

2.40
10
20
30
40

4.58
3.92

3.68
2.76
2.33

2.98
2.67
2.35

120
140
160

30

2.79

3,4

r00

8.35

ST

l.8r

f.98

20
30
40
60
80

9.7!

10
20

2.07

t8

2.64

2.10

6.40

1I.82

17.f9

14.82
13.40

10.80
9.24
8.20

118

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 5-3
Flanged Elbows-Flexibility Factors and Stress Intensiflcation Factors
STZE

2.

I|ALL
TIIICK

.154
.2La
.436

2\
2\
2\
2 tt"
2\
2

083

,2"

3'

.120

.2I5
.300

3i

.600
.

3t"
3!"

on3

.1?o
.314
.536
.0a3

.L20
.237
.337
.531
-674

'134
.258

.625
.750

50

.280

.432
.562
.718
.864
.148

3.2s 2.7r
2.24 L-74
7.73 L.44
1.32 l.03
1.00 1.00
I.00 1.o0
2.36
1.59

1.a3
1.24

I.OO

1.OO

l.0o 1.oo
3.54 2.95
2.74 2.24
2.7S I.48
1.38 I.15
1.01 l.OOj
1.00 1.00
3.85 3.21
2.97 2.47
r.88 I.56
L.44 L.20
1.O0 1.00

4.13
3.L9

3-44

r.22
L.04

1.Ol
1.00

2.66

I.OO l.O0

3.93 3.28
3.41 2.S4
2.13 l.?8
1.61 1.34
I.29 I.0o
1.07 1. o0
l.oo 1.00
4.41 3.68
1.65

1.3?

l.lo l.o0
1.00 1.00
5.20 4.34
4.23 3.52
2-92 2.44

.322

2.45 2.O4
2.06 t.72
r.77 r.47

.aL2
.875
.906

BqlC END FIANGED

i-

ii

.25O

.406
.500
.593
.718

8i

NOT A'JANGED

1.34 1.11
1.23 1.02
1.14 1.O0
r.11 l. o0

!2

1.42 1.lo
t.25 I.O4
l.09 1.o0
1.00 1.00
l.o0 l.0o
1.20
1.06
r.00
I.OO

1.00
1.00
1.oo
1.00

1.73

1.49

1.2a I.06
1.12 1.OO
1.OO 1.00

1.00

1.00

1.64 1.36
I.30 1.08
r.I4 I.00
1.00 I.oo
1.93

1.61

1.16 1.0o
l.os 1.00
1.00 1.oo
1.00 t.oo
1.88 1.57
1.76 1.46
1.38 1.16
1.20 1.OO
I.09 1.O0
1.00 1.oo
1.OO 1.00

1.99
1.45
1.43
1.22
l.I0
r.o0
l.oo
2.16
I.96
1.57
1.49
1.36
1,18
1.11
l.06
l.ol
l.oo

1.66

1.54

l.19
1.01

1.OO
1.OO

l.oo
1.81
1.63

qllE EI{D I:UINGED

it

2.35
1.78
r.47
1.20
1.00
I.OO
2.26
1.a5
L.3a
1.15
1.00
1.o0
2.52
1.50
1.00

iol
1.97

r.39
L.22

l.o0
t.oo
l.OO

r.8A
L.44

I.O8

l.oo

1.00
1.oo
2.09

I.25
1.oo

1.OO r.00

2.6e 2.23
2.20 1.83
1.28 r.07
L.00 1.00
2.S3 2.35
2.33 1.94
l.61 1.34
1.13 1.00
1.00 1.00
1.00 1.00
2.72 ?..27
2.45 2.O4
r..39 1.16
I.la I.00
1.O2 1.00
L.OO 1.00
2.96 2.47
1.ao 1.50
1.42 ].I8
1.05 1.00
1.OO 1.OO
3.35 2.80
2.88 2.39

1.31

!.24
1.14
1.0o

t.oo
1.o0

l.o0
l.oo

1.68 1.40
1.50 !.24
I.21 1.00
r.14 1.00
1.07 1.00
l.o5 1.OO

Note: l.o, iof, io2 are out-of,-p16ne intensifLcation factols


i, 11r 12 are Ln plEne lntensiflcation factors

Stress Intensification and Flexibilitv


Table 5-3
Continued

10"
10"

ro"

10"
10"
Lo"

to"
10"
10"

ro"
10"

t2"
12"
t2"
12"

.156
.180
.250
.330

12"
L2"

.406
.500

12"
t2"

5.23
4.55
3.4L
2.94

4.36
3.79

2.08

1.73

1.40
1.22
1.11

1. t7

5.26
4.'t9
3.8t
3.14
2.a7
2.7a
2.33

4.39

2.44

2.45

1.00
1.Oo

3.99
3.18
2.61

2.39
2.26
1.94

1.85 r.54
.443
1.000

1.39 1.16
1.27 r.06
r.12 1.o0

14"
.250
l.4n .312
14"
.375
14"
.434
14"
.500
14"
.593
14"
.750
14"
.937
14" r.093
14" r.250
14" 1.406

3.90

3.25

2.92

2.44

16" ,250
16"
.312
16"
.375
16"
.500
16" .556
16" .843
16" 1.O31
16" r".2IA
t 6"
1.438

18n
18"
la"
18"
18"
la"
1am
18"
18"
18"

2.33 r.94
1.79

1.49

1.34
1.21
1.09

1.12
1.01

4-27
3.A1
3.23
2.63
2.17
1.81

3.55
3.18

1.o0

2.'7O

2.19
1.81
1.51

1.20
1.10

1.00
1.00

4.62
3.94

3.85
3.32

.475

.{34
.500
.352
.750

2.A7 2.39
2.63 2.t9

.93'l

1.82
1.56

1.52
1.30

1.23
1.11

1.00

t_.156

1.375
l-.562

t .78r

1.OO

2.r1
2.03
1.75
1.53
1.37
f.2a
1.19
1.12
t.o5
1.00
2.18
2.08
1.85
1.69
1.56
1.45
l.4t
r.29
1.19
1.12
1.07
1.00

J..'t4
t.62
1.5?
1.45
1.38
1,27
1..17
f.10
1.05
1.00
r.96
1.83
1.71
1.54
1.40
r.2a
f.18
1.11
1.04
1.03
2.O4
1.9O
1.78
1.69
1.61
1.54
L.39
1.28
t.r8
1.11
t.os
l.oo

3.37

2.Af

2.44
2.18

2.O4

I.t4

1.69

r.40

1.0O

1.37

1.14

1.13
1.05

1.O0

3.16

2.63

1.41

2.30

l.9I

1.30

2.06
1.84

1.72
1.53

1.37
I.25
1.17
t.06

1.15
1.04

2.70
2.4r

2.25

1.84
L.t3

f.53
r.44

l.a1
1.69
1.45

r.2A

1.07

1.OO

1.00

1.oo

t.a2
1.73

r.54

1.2r
1.1?
1.04

1.00
t.Oo
1.00
1.00
1.45
1.35

r.3f
1.21
1.15
1.06

r.

r.73

1.42

1.00

r.44

1.O0

1.oo
2.0O

OO

o.92

L.oo

1.13 1.00
1.O4 1.00

1.64

2.9O
2.60
2.34
2.OL
L.'74

2.41

1.35
1.23
l.l2

1.13
1.03

t.00
I.52
1.42

r.2a
1.r7
1.06

l.oo

L. oo

r.00
l-.00
r.7O
1.58

1.49
1.41
1.34

\.24
1.15
1.07
0.99

1.00
1.00

l.

oo

2.16
1.96

l.6a
1,45

1.00

r.05 1.00
3.07 2,56
2.75 2.29
2.51 2.O9
2.31 1.93
2.15 t.79
2.01 1.68
1.73 1.44
1.36 1.14
1.23 1.02
1.14 1.O0
1.05 l.o0

Note: i^, i^f i-2 are out-of-plane intensification factors


i; jt; i2 ire in plane intensification facEors

Factors

119

120

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 5-3
Continued

20"
20"
20"
20"
20"
20"
20"
20"
20"
20"
24"
24"
24"
24"
24"
24"
24"
24"
24"
24"
24n
30n
30"
30"
30"

t.
t:l

.250
.375
.500
.593
.812
1.031
1.241
1.500
1.750
1.96A

.250
.375
.5OO

.562
.6A1

.968
1.21a

I.531
1.a12

2.062
2.343
.2so
.375
.500
.625

4.91
3.77
3.0a

4.14
3.L4
2,5?

2.r8 r.82
1.a4 1.53
1.56 1.30
t.3a r.t5
L.22 t.02
1.11 1.OO
5.63 4.69
4.29 3.5'l
3.24 2-70
2.80 2-34
2.20 1.83
1.56 1.30
L.24 r.O3
1.12 1.00
5.63
4.97

4.69
4.L4

o8

2.57

Miter bends-Modify the K and i factor when the butt


weld of the flange is located within one and one half
pipe diameters of the nearest miter weld measured from
the centerline of the pipe.

Although not specified by the Code, this will apply to


both closely and widely spaced miters.
Note: Large-diameter thin-wall piping elbows and miters are affected by internal line pressure. According to a
*Batelle" report to dre AGA, the flexibility factors on
these items are seriously impaired by internal pressure. To

correct the values from Table 5-1:

Divide K by:
(P) (r)]" (Rt)t"

(1 + o
'E"tz

I2

2-L2
1.A4
'L.67

1.77
1.53

1.39

L.29 1.0?
1.19 1.00
1.11 1.OO
1.O5 1.00
1.O0 1.00
2.25 1.84
L.97 1.64
1.7a 1.48
r.71 L-42
1.59 1.32
1.30 l.oa
t.oo
l.r9
1.13 1.00
1.06 1.oo
1.OO 1.O0
2.43 2-O3
2-25 l-.84
1.93 1.61
1.7A 1.49

3.24 2.70
2.64 2.2O
2.26 r.a9
2.OA 1.73
r.75 1.46
1.54 r.28
1.36 1.13
1.24 1.03
1.13 1.OO
l.05 t.o0
2-9L
2.51

2.42

4.76

1.46

2.O9

1.23 1.04
1.r5 r.00
1.06 1.00
3,24
2-A2
2.51

-70

2-34
2.O9

Factors and Characteristics h, k, and i

Butt-weld joint
Reducer
Weld-neck flange

Double-welded slipon flange


Fillet-welded joint-single weld
Socket-welded flange
Single-welded slip-on flange
Lap-joint flange (with ANSI Code

816.9 lap-joint stub)


Screwed pipe joint or screwed flange
Corrugated straight pipe or
corrugated or creased bend.

1
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

|
5

1.0
1.0
1.0

l'.t
1.3
1.1

t.3
1.6

2.3
2.s

Divide i by:

(r+3.2s)9qq#
Ecrr

Nate.' Factors shown apply to bending

for torsion equal to 0.9.

flexibility facrr

Stress Intensification and Flexibility Factors

121

Widely Spaced Miters


D = Pipe

2-weld
Miter

Size

(inJ
12
T4

16

l8
20
24
26

30
JZ

36

40
42
48
54
60
12

0.375 Wall
2-Weld

0.250 Wall

14.2
15.4
r7.3
l9.l
20.8
24.3
26.0
29.3
30.9
32.6
34.2
37 .3
38.9
43.5
48.0
52.4
61.0

Miter

5.4
5.7
6.3
6.8
7.3
8.3
8.7

10.1

4.1

10.9
12.2
13.5
14.8
t7 .3
18.5

4.4
4.8

9.6

11.'l

20.8
22.0
23.2
24.3
26.6

r2.0

27 .7

r3.2

31.0
34.2

10.0
10.4
10.9

r4.2
15.3
l7 .3

.3
43.5

37

Dimensions
(in decimals
ot teet)
A
0.878
1.025

t.171

5.2

I .318

5.6
6.6

1.464
1.757
1.903

7.3

2.196

7.6

2.343
2.489

6.3

8.0
8.3
8.9
9.2
10.0

2.636
2.938
3.075

3.514

3.954
4.393

10.9
11.9
13.2

5.272

K = flexibility faaor

i. -

ii =

outof-plane stress intensificatian factor


in plane stress inlensification Jbctor

Figure 5-1. Flexibility and stress intensification factors of two-weld miter elbows.
Widely Spaced Miters
D = Pipe

0.250 wall

Size

3-Weld

(in.)

Miter

12

t4
lo
18

20
24
26
30
34
36

40
48
54
60
72

ir=i"

i0.8
tt.1
13.1
14.5
15.9
18.5
19.8
22.3
23 .6
24.8
26.0
28.4
29.6
33.1
36.6
39.9
46.5

Wall
3-Weld
Miter

0.375

4.3 7.7
4.6 8.3
5.1 9.3
5.5 10.3
5.9 lr.3
6.7 l3.l
7.0 1,4.1
7.7 1s.9
16.8
8. 1
8.4 17.6
8.'7 18.5
9.4 20.2
9.7 2r.1
10.6 23.6
11.5 26.0
12.3 28.4
13.9 33.1

lt =lo

3.3 0.696 0.401


3.5 0.812 0.468
3.8 0.928 0.535
4.2 .044 0.602
4.5 1.160 0.669
5.1 r.392 0.803
5.3 1.508 0.870
5.9 1.740 1.004
6.1 1.856 1.071
6.4 1.972 1.138
6.6 2.088 1.205
7.1 2.320 1.339
.4 2.436 1.406
8. l
2.784 r.607
8.7 3.132 1.808
9.4 3.480 2.009
10.6 4.176 2.411
1

K = fleribilitf factor

i" =
it =

outof-plane

stress intensification

Dimensions
(in decimals
ot feet)

factor

in-plane strcss intensification factor

Figure 5-2. Flexibility and stress intensification factors of three-weld miter elbows.

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities


for Cylindrical Vessels

It is customary for piping stress analysts to model a piping system with rigid ends or anchors at the equipment

time and money on these changes, let's model the nozzh


data points 5 ard 30 with flexible end conditions using the
flexibility factors from Table 61. The table shows that fa
exchanger E-l the in-plane rotational flexibility (R.F.) is
.626 x 106 in.{bs/deg, and the out-of-plane R.F. is

nozzles. This assumption is acceptable when the system is


flexible and the anchor loads are low. But anytime the system shows high loads and stresss, the analyst must determine how reasonable the assumption in modeling the nozzles as rigid anchors was.
The author has developed tables of rotational nozzle
flexibilities for cylindrical vessels ranging in diameters
from 2 ft to 20 ft and connecting nozzles ranging in diameters from 2

in.-lbs/deg. The new computer calculatior


show that the highest stress is 12,015 psi and the new
forces at anchor are:

in. to 48 in. sTD. thickness.*

To demonstrate how these flexibility facton really affect the accuracy of stress calculations for a simple piping
system, an example where a l4-in. O.D. pipe from an exis shown in Figwe 6-1.
changer E-l ties to a tower
The computer stress calculation with rigid ends or anchors show a high stress of 33, 616 psi in the system and
forces and moments at the nozzles as:

Tl

(}D.
5
30

Tl

lff
.4Oi xltr

the in-plarc
.209 x
in.Jbs/deg. For the tower
R.F. is 1.22 x lff in.-lbs/deg, and the outof-plane R.F. b

F,

(rb)

-il,113
l l.l l3

F,0b)
-28,r4

28.182

n4 (ft-tb)
85,749

t49.174

Tb reduce these high forces and moments, we will have


to modit the piping configwation with more elbows or
an additional expansion joint. But before we spend more

D.P.
5
30

F.0b)

Fy

-2,tOO
2,100

-6,04

0b)

6,082

n4 (ft-rbo
3,3@

-20,741

These forces are obviously much lower ftan the frst assumption with rigid ends. Now we know tlnt the piprng
system is not overstressed. The shell of the exchanger E-l
or the tower T:-l needs to be checked for local stresses
with the new loads. It is quite possible that they are acceptable to the exchanger and vessel designer and manufacturers.
The following is a method for determining the spnng
rate of nozzles attached to vessels or stubbed into larger
piping. Only in- and out-of-plane rotational spring rats
are included, since the radial flexibility is normally ignored. Nozde flexibilities sttould not be used if the nozde

122

Vessels

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical


or pad diameter is greater than one third of the run or vessel diameter.

Nozde flexibilities were calculated in accordance with


the phase report ORNL 115-3, Equation 8, page 6.

K:

c ws

DB

(-D/Wf"

WD

. MDBK
o=-

(6-l)

(6-2)

EI

Spring Rate

EIPI

(6-3)

2160DBK

Solving Equation 6-2 tot (Ml?) and converting units to


ftJbs/deg we have Equation 6-3.

where

c:

D:
Ds:
E=
I:
K:
M:
PI:

123

.09 for in-plane bending


.27 for out-of-plane bending

Diameter of vessel or run, in.


Diameter of branch, in.
Modulus of elasticity, psi
Moment of inertia of branch, in.a
Flexibility factor
Moment, in.{bs
Circumference of a circle divided by the
diameter

Angle of rotation, radiam


e:
of
or run, in.
Wall
w:
of branch, in.
ws: Wall
thickness
thickness

vessel

In-plane bending refers to bngitudinnl bending in the


run or vessel in the plane formed by the intersection of the
branch and vessel or run centedines. Out-of-plane bendtngreferc to circumferentialbendng it a plane perpendicular to the vessel or run diameter.

PIPE:

MAT. -

C.S.

o.D. - 14"

THCK. - .375"
TEMP, - 450'F
EXCHANGER E.1:

MAT. -

C.S.

o.D. - 5'-0"
THCK.
TEMP,

- 1lz'
- 45OOF

b
I
I
I
I

--TI

TOWER T-1:

MAT. -

o.D. THCK.

TEMP

C.S.

10'-o"

- %"
- 450"F

I
I
I

Figure 6-1. An example diagram of a piping system where 14-in. O.D. pipe trom an exchanger ties to a tower'

124

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Rota Stiff calculation, Gyl. vessel
ROIA
00.F1

vEssL
TCK,IN

2.000

.2 50

VESSEL

2.000
2.000
2.000
2.000
2.000
2.000
?.000
2.000

.500
.6?5
J

1.?50
1.500
1.750
2.000

.250
.325
.500

2.C00

2.000
2.000
2.000
2.000
2.000
2.000

.000

.750
1 .000
1-250

2.OOO

1.500

.000
2.C00

2.000

2.000
2

2.00c
2.000
2.000
2.000

2 -OOr)

?-000

2.000
2.000
2.000
2.000
2.000
?.000
?.000
2.000
2

.000

.250
.375
.500

STI'F

CALCULATIOTI, CYL. VESSEL


NO2
T

2.375
.375
.375

2
2

2.375
2.375
2.375
? -375
2

.t75

?-375
2.3?5

.000
1.250
1.500
1

3.500
4.500
4.500
4. 500
4 -500

.500

4.500

6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
5.625
6.625

2.500

.250

2.500

. t00

2.375
2.375
2.375
?.3?5
2.375
2-375
2.375
2.375
2.3?5
2.375
3.500

2.50
2.50

.625

-750

2.500

.000

1.25(J

I .500
I .750

2.50 0
2 .500
2 .500

2.OfJO

2.500

.250

2.5C0

.37 5

2.500
2 .500
2 .500
2.500
2.500
2.50[r

.500

.625
.750
1.000
1-250
1.500
1.750

.154

.499 E +0 5
.871E+05

.4128r06
.8 47r 06
.1 48 E+07

.233E+07
.343E+07
.479e +07
.394E+05

-216

.500
3 .500

6.625

.t75

.154

.2618+06

.1 50E r06

.22O8+07
.347 E+A7
. 510+07
.712E +oz

3.500
3.500

2.OOO

.7 50

.154

.2438+05

3. 500

2.000
2.000
2.000
2.000

't

.154
.154
.154
.154

.6?5

6.6?5

.216
.216
.215
.216
.216
.237
.237

.237
.237
.237
.237
.237
.237
.?37
-280
.280
. ?80

.280

.280
.280
.280
.280
.280

.154
.151
.154
.154

.882Ef04

.265E+05
.729 Er 05

.223E+05
.389E+06

4.500
4.500
4.500

.7 50

-154

-216
-216

3.500
3.500

1.000
1-250

1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625

-154

.154
.216
.216

4.500

1. 500

CK,I

.500

-625

.7 50

ZLE ROT STIF IN.LB/DEG


N INPLANE OUTPLAI.IE
STD
LOI,I6I
CIRCU

r{ozzLE

OD,]N

.t0EE+06

.6'l4E+06

.126E+ C7

,520E|05
.143Er06
.294E+06
-514E+06

.81t8+06

.166E+07
.29'l E+Ol
.459E+07
.67 4E107
.942E+07
.790E+05

.21EEf06
.4 478+ 06
.781E+06
.123E+07

.253E+07
.142E+A7

.697E+07
,'102E+08
.143E+08

.1378+06
.28?E+06
.493 E +0 6
.7 78E+O 6
.114e+O7
.160E+07
-131E+05

.362E.05

.712E+o5

-130F+06
.205E+06
.420E+06
.733EtO 6

.1168+07

-170E+07
.2378+Q7

.l738+05
.478E+05

.981+05
.1718+06
.27OE+D6

.555F+06
.9 69 E+06

.153E+07
-225t+O7
.314+07
.263E+05
.726E+O5

.149E+06
.?608+06
.4118+06
.843E+06
.117e+A7
.232E+o7
.3428+07
.477E+47

-237E+05

.789E+O4
.217E+Os
.446E+Q5

-154

.134E+06
.234E+06
.369E+06
.7 578+05
-132a+07
.2C9E+07

.154

.6528+05

.7798+05
.123E+O6

.2528+46
.4418+06
.695+06

.'t 54

. 3C7E+ 07

.154

.128E+07
.552E+05

.1'l7E+O'

3.500
3.500

.216
.216
.216
.216

.970E+ 05

.323E+05

.199 E+06
.348 E +06

.56

.500

.?16

.5 49 Er 06

.183Ef06

.'113E+07
.197E+07

.376E+06

.3'10+C7

-103E+07

3.500
3

.500

.216
.216
.216
.216

.456E+O?

-102Ef07

.143ErO7
4E

r0 5

-116etO6

.656Ef06
.152E +O7

20+ SSZL'
9O+3 L6L'

10+lS2t'

ZZ'

90+1299.

90+3tEt'
9O+3

90+l0t!'
st]1rt08'
S0+r06t'
so+tzrL'
to+1r 61'
to+)6tL'
90+r9t6'

90+r 66S'

90+rttt'
9O+1L9

L'

90+:1901'

s0+3909'

s0+3952'

s0+rl.0l'
1.0+:0tl'

90rltt6'

90+35t9'
90+3?0t'
90+1052'

9Ot )Z I L'
SO+) t, L'

90+ltor'
S0+386t'
t0+r0zl.'

tLtz'

l0+39t1'
9Crl0Zt'
90r10rz'
9A+tLtl'
S0

+13Zr'

lar )z8g'
to+ 12Lt'
zo+ atgz'
10+108!'

20+lt0!'
90+ll0s'
90+l8tt'

Itz'
tiz'
z'

Lt

lt2'

L2'
9LZ'
9

tz'
9tz'

912'
9

LZ'

9C+rZ8l'
!0+r968'
s0+l tz t'
lO+z L6r'
z0+J082'
to+ )o6L'

9LZ'
9LZ'

90+l169'

ts L'
,s L'

to+3lzL'
9O+a

Ltt'
,'

It

L2'
9A +
9O +1ZZ
S0+3S65'

9tz'

t9 L'
ts L'
ts L'

ts
ts

00s't
00E't
00s'?

00s't
005't

't
009' ,

005'

00s't
00s't

osz'
0c0'z

00('t

't
00s' t
00s't
00E' t
00E

00E't

00s't
009't
009't

stt'z
slt'z
glt'2

t'
l'

,s L'

sLt'z

20+)r9S'

80+;1691'

g29'I

Lo+1s2?'

+3rz t'
LO+1ZZS'

zzt'
azt'

to+3rLt'

]166'
90+lE8r'
90+tg0t'
90+
91+

f9lL.

80+3lzl'

20

20+)9' L'
90+3t26'
90+t6zs'

E0+r8E8'

90+ 1L92.

l0+SLzr'
101390t'
lo+)eoz'
L0+3ztl'

r.
10+i LL 6'

90+lllt.

9O+1'

l'

9O+3t9t'

90+rttz'

90+lttl'

s0+16t9'
S0+39t2'
lo+) L?z'
l0+a LOZ'
LO+) Lt l'

E0+rtt6'
g0+rgZ

lo+39?9'
1.0+rg6t'
L0 + )9 ZZ'
L0

10L

t'

90+1669'

90]303t'
90+356t'.
I0 +:l,l0l.
20+12' g'

/0+1t09'

90+1e98'

t0+30Lr.
LC+ 10? Z.

90+ 39

20+36r

6i'
90+3ZrZ'
90+rEs l'
s0+31.28'

SO+rlzr'

LO+

2LZ'

r.

9t+)SzL'
9C+109t'
90+lt9Z'
90+3 8Z

I'

90+lS9t'
lo+1Ltg'

I9NO']
NJUI]
I Nv-l dNI
lNvldIn0
9rc/'t'NI i Its 10u

sz9'

EZ9'8

sz9'a
EZ9'

10+1662'

szg'8

zzt'
zzt'

otiz'
082'
08 z'
08

z'

082'
03

z'

082'
082'

082'
082'

).tz'

Itz'
2t2'

lrz'
Itz'
Itz'

2t?'
9

L?'

09t'L
0c9'L
052't
000' I
ost'
szg'
00s'

09z'
000'z

00s't
09?'I
000' I

000'z
OSL'L

009' I

osz'L
0c0' I
os

L'

E29'S

a9

000

z'
'z

szg'9
szg'9
szg'9
szg'9
sz9'9
s z9'9
szg'9
szg'9
szg'9

as2'L
o9s'L

oos't
00E't
00s't
00s -t
009't
005' t
00s't

OSL'L

00s't

l-tzz0N

-tJss3A'"llJ,NOllvlnllvl tlrls
penu!luoc
t-9 etqer

000't
000'5

0c0't
000't
000't
000'

t
t

090'

000'

0c0'

0c0'

I
t

00c'

000't
000't
000't
000'5

000't
000't
00c't
000'I

000'

sz9- 9

00E't
005'?

00c'l

009'

s29'8

000't

091'

szg'
00s'

008'

t
I

000'
000'

000't
0c0't

E29'8
szg' I

(ls
NI')]I

slassen lPcr.rpurdc Jof ssll!l!qrxell elzzoN leuollPlou

009't
o9?' t
000'I
r)s 2'
szg'

00s

s0+39t?'

lo+lrot'

10+

osz't

000't
000't
0cs'z

cos 'z
00E' z

00s'z
009'z
009'z

00s' z

00s'z
00s'z
c0g'z
c35'Z

005'z
oo3'z
o09'z

'z

000' I
0Ez'

00E

00E'

00s'z
1xs'z
006'z
00s'z
oos'z
00t' z

sz9'

09z'
000'z
00s' t
osz'L

000't

0s2'
sz9'
00s'

osz'
000'z

NI')JI
-13
ss 3A
v10u

00E'z
oDs'z

00E' z

00E'z
005'

00E'z
00E'z

0cs'z
009'z
00s'z
IJ'OO
-l3sslA

126

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
ROIA STIfF CALCULAIIOII, CYL.
VESSEL

OD,fT

3.000
3.000
3.U00

3.000

3.0c0
3.000
3.000
3.00c
3.000
3.000
3.000
3

.000

3.000
3.000

3.0c0
3.000
3.O00

3.000

l,
l:i

t,

'

.000

3.000
3.000
3.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
3.000

3.000
3.000
3.000
3.000
3.0c0

VESSEL
TC

K,IN

1.750
2.000
.z5g
.375
.500
,6 25
.7 50
1.000
1.250
'f . 500
1.750
2.000
.250
.375
. 500
.625
.750
I .000
t. ?50
1 .5s0
1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500.625
.750
1.000
1.2r0
1.500
1.750
?.000

3.500

3. 500

.250
.375
.500

1.500

.6?5
.7 50

.000
1.250
'|

f.500

3.5C0

.500

.750
2.000
.250
1

3.500
3

.50C

3.500
3.500
3.500
3-500
3.5C0

3.500

t.500

.500

.625
.750
1 .000
1.250
1.750
2-000

3.5C0

4.500
4-500

6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
8.625
4.625

. 500

.625
.7 5b

1.000

t.250

NOZZLE ROT STI f II{.LB/DE6


T

CK,I

SID

.280
.280
.280
.280
.280

.6458+05

.?15E+05

.2 E0

.?07E+07
.361E+07

10 -759
10 - 750

.l

78

E+

06

.365+06

.638Ei06

.5938.05
.1228ro6
.2t3Er06

.569E+07

.2E0

.8t7E+07

280

.1'l7E+08

.389E+07

-853E+05
.235E+06

.284E+05

E.06

.161E+06

.135c+07
.?73E+07

.443E+06
.910E+06

.752e+07

.159E+07
.251E+O7
.569E+0 7

.280
.280
-

.32?
.322
.322

.1018+07

.?56E+07

.3f,5E+06
.6888+06
.120E+07
.190E+07

-322
.322
-322

8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
10.750
10.750
| 0.750
10.754
10.750

CIRCU
. l84E +0 7

E.625
8 .625

8.625

OUTPLA}'IE

.551E +O7
.7 69 E+07

.237

.625

N INPLANE
LONGI

.237

.322
.322
.322

4 92

.843Er06
.477Er07

-3?Z

.ttlE+08
.l 54Er 0E

t65

.365

.165
.36 5

107E+06

.279E+O7
.78

E.0 5

.e8l E+06

.51'E+O7
.358Ero5

.986Ei05
.?03Er06

.2968+06
.608E+06
.106E+07
.167a+07
.311E+07

.3548+06

.316E.07

.558E+06
-115E+07

.200E+07

10.750
10.750
10.750

- 565

.600E+07
.9 47 E+ E7

-365

.194Er08

2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375

.154

.2C0E+05
-551C+05

-154

2.375

.154

-640Er06
.112E+07

.154

.176E+07

.5888+06

-154

.259E+07
.362E+07

.1?1E+O7

.216
.216
.216
.216
.216
.216
.216

.298

2.37'

?.375
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3,500
3.500
4

3.500

3.500
1.500
3.500

t{0zzLE
OD,IN

VESSEL

.500

4.500
4.500
4,500
4.500
4.500
4.500

.365

.365

.t

54

.151
.154
.154

.154

. '139 E+0 8

.113Er06
.198Ff06
.312E{06

.659Er05
.1048+06

.213E+O6

.373Er06
.864Er06

.561E+05
.980E+05

.4648+O6

.952Ef06

.539Er07

.237
.237
.237

r04

.294E+ 06

.168Er06

-2'16

.2t7
.?t7

-184E105
.377E+Os

.99ZtrO4
.27iE+05

+C5

.166E+07
.?62E. 07

.237
.237

.6 67

.820E+05

.?16

.216

.464E+O7
.646 Er0 7

.386E+07

.155E+06
.317ErOo

.554E.06
.875E+06
.1?9e+O?

.1 80E+0 7
-t

.108+06

.222Er06

31r0

.361E+05
.741+05

06

.i30E'06

.613 Ei 06

.204+06

.389r

.126E+07
.2208+07

. 419 E+0 6

.733E+06

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical


Table 6-l
Continued
ROTA STIFF CALCULATIONT

VESSEL NOZZLE
ICKTIN 0D,Iil

VESSEL

0D,fI
3.5C0

1.500

1.500
3.500

'l

.7 50

2.000

.250

3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500

.500

.625

6.625
6.625

.7 50

t.00rJ
't

.250

1.500

3.50 0

.750
2.000
.250

5.500

.500
.625

.500

.625

3.500
3.5C0
.500
.500
3 .500
3 .500

3.5 00

3.500
3.500
3.500

E.625
E .625

.527E+C7

.2 80

.7 7 5E+ 07

.280

.1088+08
.790E+05
.218E+06

.4178+06
.780E+06
.123E+C7

10, 750

.500

0.750

.000

1.750

10 ,750

10

.500

3.500
3.500

.500
.625
.7 50

12 -750

.250

'12.?50

.0s0

.5C0

3.500
.500

.500

.500

2. 000

12.750
12.750
12.750

.500

2.375
2.375
2.375

.750

4.00 0
1, .000

4.000
.000

4.000
4.000
4.000
4 .00c

.000
.?50
.500

4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
/,.000
4.000

4.rJ00

.000

?.375
?.s75
2.375
2.375
2.375

.250

3. 500

.500

3. 500
3 .500

.75rJ

.000

3.500

3.500
3.900

.3'l0Er06

.637 E+O6

.1 'l1 E+07

.176E+07
.258E+07
_3617+07
.263E+0 5
.7?5E+O5

.149E+06
-260E+06
.410E+06

.23?E+07
,34'l E+C 7

.11'3E+08

.47 6E+

.991E+05
.27 4E+06

.331E+0

.147E+07
07
5

.913+05
.187E+06

.562E+06
.9838+06

.328E+06

SSEaOl

.517E+o6

.l

.106E+07
,185E+07

,3 65

.877E+ 07

.292E+07

.365

.129 E+ 08
.180E+08

.6008+07

.750

12.750
1? .750
12.750
12.750

.549E+05
.113E+06

-696E+ 07

.3'l8E+07
.5568147

10.750

3.500
3.500

3.500

.365

.199E+05

,842+05

.441E+C7

.50>

10.750

-1708 +O7

-?53E+C7

.102E+08

0. 750

.0c

.280

.625

/.

.2E0

.9318+o6
.191E+07
.3348+07

.3?2

1.250

.1978+06

.t55E+06

4.625

0, 750

.2 80

.338E+C6
.590E+06

.280

1.750
2.000
.250

3.500

.2E0

-t?2

-7 50

.237E+ol

.2a7

8.6?5

.?50
I .500

1-000

.1169+02

.500
3. 500

CIRCU

+07

.347

E -625
8 .625

.7 50

LOI1GI

,5108 +07
.7'l ?E + c7
.597e+ A5

.322

10.750
10.750

.500
3 .500

SID

8.625

.500

ZLE ROT STIF II{.LB/DE6


C(,I N II,IPLANE OU]PLANE

.280

3-500
3 .500

3,500

6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625

1.000

VESSL

N02

4. 500

4.500
4.500
6.6?5

CYL'

.'l 20E+06

.375
.375
.375

.329 E+C6
.676E+ 06

.118E+07

.430E+A7
.399E+05

.1'l0Ef06

.225E+06
.394E+06

.i86E+07

.621 E+06
.'128F+07

.666E+07
.'1058+08

.223E+oz
.351E+07

-375

.2168+08

.7?1E+O7

.15 4

- 187E+05

.624E+O4

.106Er06

.353Er05

.375
.375

. I 55 E+08

.154
.154
.154
.154
-'t 54

,154
.151

.'t54
.216
.2.16

.z't6
.2'16

.?16

.515E+05

.185E+06
.292E+06
-5999+06
.105E+07
. 't 65 E+ 07

-517 E+07

.172E+05
.61

6E +0 5

.972E+05
.200E+06
.349 E+ 06

.550E+06

.2438+07

.808E+06

.339E+O7
.2?8 + 05
.7 67E+05

.928E+04
.256E+05

.157E+05
.27 5E+ 06
-454F+06
. 891

E+

06

.1'l3E+07
,525Er05
.917E +O5

.1458+06
.29

7 E+O

Vessels

127

128

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
R0TA

vEssEL

VESSEL

4.000
4

.000

4.0c0
4.00 0
4.C00

1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.6?5
.7 50

4. 500

1.000

4.C00

2.OOO

4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4

.000

/..000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
/,

.00 0

4.000
4.000
4

.000

4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.0c0
4.000
4.000

1.000

.250
I .500
1.750
2.000
.250
1

.37 5

.500

a -625

.7 50

8.625
8.625
I .625

8.625

.625

1.0c0

.250
1 .500
1

1.759
2.000

.500

.625
.7 50

.000

.2 ro

.500

.750

2.000
.250

.t7

.500

1.500

1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625
1.000

1.250

.625

8.625
6.625

l0 .750
1

4.00 0

4.000
4.0c0
4.000
4.000

6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.6?5
6.625
6.6?5
8.625

.7 50

t-000
1.254

4.00 0

4.500

.625

.625

4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000

4. 500

.37 5

4.0 00

4.000
4.000

4.500
4.500
4.500

.250

.000

4.000

.500
.500
4. 500

3
3

4.500
4.500
4.500

1.250
1.500
1.750

OD,IN

3.500
3.500

.250

1.500

4.000
4.000
4.000

4,000
4.000
4.000

i{0zz LE

ICKTIN

OD,fT

4.000
4.0c0
4.000
4.000
4.000

SfIFF CALCULATION, CYL. VESSEL

.750

10.750
't 0.7s0
10.750
10.750
I 0.750
10.750
r 0.750
10.750
12.750
12.750
12.750

NOZZLE ROT SII F IN.LB/DEG

TcKrIt{ INPLANE

STD

LONGI

0uTPLAt{E
CIRCU

.216
.216
.216

.156E+A7

. 519

C7

E.06
.818E+06

-216

.361E+07
.504E+07

.1 208 +07
.l6E E+07

.237

.366

-123t+O5

-101Er06

.237
.?37
.237
.237
.237
.237
.237
.237

.215E

E+

05

.694

.324E+ 07
.477E +07

. 108E

.666E+07
?80

.559Er05

.280
,260

- 316E r 06

.2E0

.1 54E+06

.552E+C6

.?80
.280

.8718r06

.2E0

.312E+07

.280
.280
,280

.t22

.322
-3?Z
.322

.322
.322
.322

.179

A7

.493E+07
-7 ZsE+ 07

.1018+c8

.7398r05

.1218+06
.1 91 Ero6
-392E+06
.68

E+06

r07

.159E+0?
.22?E+O7
.1E6E+05

.513E.05

.105E +06

.184E+06
.290 Er0 6

.5968+06
.104E+07
.164E+07
-2428+87

.t378 +47

.2o4E+06
.4'lEE+06

.246+05
.678E+05
. 139 E+06

.730Ef06

. 243 E+0 6

.115+07

.3848106

.236E

.78EE+06
.138E+07
.217 E+o7
.319E+O7
-416E+07

07

.413E+07

.322

.651E'07

-322

.958E+07

.365
.365

.930E+05
.256E+06

.134r08
.526E+06

.365

.338 t +0 5
E+ 05

.2OaE+06
.363E+O6
.573E+06
. t 18E+07
.206E+07

.310Er05
.854Er05

.175E+06

.9'l9Er06

.306E|06

.145E+07

.4E5E+06

.296E+07

.992Ei06
.17

-365

.5208+07
.E208+07

.375

.112f+06

.565

.375

3E +07
.2738+O7

.121E+08
.168E+06

.40?Ero7

.3CEE+C6

.103E+06
.21 I E +06

.633r+06
.t118+07

.5618+07
.373+05

.f68+06

12.75O

.375

.750
't2.750
12.750
12.750

-375
.375

I 4.000

.37 5

.124E+06

.413Et05

.37 5

.311Er06

.114E+O6

.375

.700E+06
.122E+87

.233E+06
.40EE+06
.643E+06

1Z

.6258r07
.9E

6 E+

07

.145E|0E

.202Ef08

'12.750

14.000
1 4.000
I 4.000
14.000
1 4.000
14.000

.174E+07
.358E+07

.575

.193Er07
.396E+07
.692E+A7

.561 E+06
.119E+O7
.2O8E+87
-329E+07

.4838+o7

.675E+O7

-112E+O7

.?31E+Ol

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical


Table 6-1
Continued
ROlA

vEssEL
lCK,lN

vEssL
OD,FT

4.000
4

.000

4.000
5

1.500

1.750
2.000

.000

5.000
5.000
5.000
5.080
5.000
5 .0c0
5.000
5-000
5.C0C

5.000
.00c
5,000
5.000
5.0c0

SIIfF

.000

5.000

.250
.5c0
.7 50

. t 65+06
.261e+06

-154

.535E+06
.935E+06
.1 4EE+07
.217 E+ A7

-375
.375

4.500
/..500
4.500
4.500
/, ,500
4. 500
4 .500

.15 4
.1 54
.15 4

.154
.216

.3c3E+07

.820E+05

.386E+06
.797 E+ 06
.139E+07

- 129E+06

.2?OE+07

.7 32E+O6

-?16

.216
.216
.216
.216

.323E+07

I .625
I .625

1.?50
'l . 500

1.75n
2.000

8.625
8.625

8.625
10.750

.500

10 .750
10 .750

.? 50

10.750
0

.750

.000

10.750

't

.2 50

.750

.229E +O5

.469Er05
.?66a+06
-464Er46
.108E+07

-216

.451E+07

.150E+07

.329

-237

.907E+05
.186E+06
.325E+06

.110E+05
- 102+05

.237
.237
.237

105

.105E+07

.351E+06
.613E+06
-967E+46
.'l42E+O7

.184+07

.596t+ 07

.2t0

.500E+05
.138E+06
.283E+06

.2E0

.494E+ A6

.322
.3?2
.322

.32?

.322

.322
.322
-322
.365

.108E+06
.171E+

.?37
.280
.280

.2 E0

.6208+05

.5r3E+06

8.6?5

.000

.830E+C4

.216E+ A6

.500

a -625

-723E.O6
.10'18r07

-2't6

.250

.7 50
2. 000

.3',12E+O6

.492E+06

.?16

.280
.280
.280
.280
.280

.000
.250
.500

.176+06

.2498 + 05
.686E+05
.141E+06

6.625
6.625
6.6?5
6.625
6.625
6.625
8.625

- 625
.7 50

.315E+05
.551E+05
.869E+05

.216

6 -625

/..500

.500

5.000

.154

.2908+A7
.427 E+07

.250

.154

-237

.500
,750
2.000

5.C00

5.000
5.000
5.000
5.00c
5.000

.154

.500
3 .500
4 .500

.000

.000

5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000

2.375
2.375

3. 500

.250

5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.0c0

.'154Ei05

2. 000

5.0[0

.461E+05
.946E+05

.500
3. 500
3 .500

1.750

.7 50

5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000

2.375

,000

.7 47 ErOT

.7 50

1.500

.364F+07
.535E+07
.558E+04

.500
.6?5
.2 50

60E+ c8

.1 67E +05

3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500

1.000

.224+08

2
z

2.000
.250

.500

.154
.154

2.375
2 .375

.000

5.000
5.000

.'109E+08

.000

4.000
14.000
2 .375

-7 50

5 - 000
5. 000

E ROT STI F IN.LBlDEG


ICK,IN INPLANE 0UlPLAl'/t
CIRCU
STD
LONGI

NO2 ZL

.500
-625

'|

r{022L
0Dr1N

't 4

5.000
5.000

CALCULATIOiIT CYL. VESSL

.7

79

+a6

.160+07
.279 E+47
.411F + 07

- 199E+07
.1 67 E+A 5

.459E+05
.943E+05
.165E+O6
.260E +o6

.53fE.106
.932E+06
.147E+O7

.618E+C7
.905E+07
.6618+ 05
. J82+06

.216E+07
.3028+O7
.220E+05

.65!t+06

.2188+06

.37 4Elc6

.'103E+07

.607+05
.125E +o6

.343E+06

A7

.7058+06

.369E+ 07
.533E+ 07
.856E + 07

.191E+07

.2't1E|

.'l

20E +0E

.832E+05
.?29 E+06

.471E +06

.E228+06

.130E'07
.2

07
.4 65E+07
66E+

.1?

3E

07

.285F +07
.399 E+o7

.277 E +O5
.7 64E+O5
.157E+06
.271E+o6

.4328t06

.887106
.155E+o7

Vessels

129

130

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Conlinued
nOTA
VESSEL
OD, FT

5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
).UOU

5.000
5 .000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5 .000
5.000

5.000
5.000
5.00 0

5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5

.000

.750
?.000
.250
.375
.500

.750

2.000

.t75
. 500

.625

.t50

6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.00 c

'1.500

.750
2.000
1

.250

.375
.625
.750
1.000
1.250
I .500
1.750
2.000
.250

6.000
6.000

- 500

.625
.750

6.0 00
6.0 00

6.000
6.000

?50

'l

-000

1.?50

. t 44E +0E

.478E

.200E108
- t 288+06

.4?6E+O5

-000

.409 E +07
.715 + 07
.113E+0E

16.00 0

.166E+ 0E

.231E+08

.145E+06

rE.000
r8.000
18.000
t 8.000
18.000
1 8.000
18.000
18.000

.151
.154
.154
.154
-154
.154
.?16

.216
.216
.216
.216
.216
-216

E+0 6

.1368+07
.2388+O7
.376E+O7

.552ErO7

.771Ero7
.483+05
-273E+06
.4778+D6

.226E+07

.75

?8E+ 08

188+08
.262E+08

2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
?.375
3.500
5.500
3.500
3.500
5.500
3.500
3.500

2.t75

.664

.14tE+07

.154
.154

.421E+06

.133Efo6

.810 E r 07

-154

.117E+06
.2 418+06

.8 20 s+ 06

.l
.154

r07

.668 Ef07

.399E+06

.464Er 97

2.375
2.375
?.375

.569E+05
.10?E+06
.209E+06

.619E+07
.976E+07

- 199 E+07

16.000
't 8.000
18.000

.4328+Ol
.604Er07

.365E+06
.575E+06
.118E+07
.206E+07
.325E+07

.352Ef 06
.723E+06
.1268+07

6.000
6.000

. l07E+07

-1738+07
-351E+07

.109E+07

r6.000
16.000
't

08

.626Er06

16.000
16.000
16.000

1.500

1.000
1 .250

E +

. t 11 E+06

14 -000
14 -000

16
1

1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625

.2 94 E+0 7

.130Er08

.305E +06

I .000

1.250

.186e+07

.8 82 Er 07

14 -000

14.000
14.000
14.000

.245E+07
.359+07

.559E+02

.3208f07

'11.000

CIRCU

.9e9E+06
.156E+07

.566Er06

14.000

OUTPLAI{E

.502Er07
.333Er05
.9'l9Er05
.189Er06
.J30Er06
.520Er06

.100E+06
.2?6e+06

.'l8l

.250
1.t00

LONGI

12 -750

14.000
14.000

STO

1?.750
12.750
1?.754
12.?50
12.750
12.750

.6?5

.750
1 .000

TCXTII{ INPLIN

.151E+C8

1Z -750

.500

NOZZLE ROT SII F IiI-18/DEG

10.750
12.750
12.750

.500

1
1

VESSEL

.734E+07
.108E+08

I0.750

.625
.750
I .000
1 .250

cYL-

| 0.750

1.750
2.000
.250

6.000
6.000
5.00 0
6.00 0

0DrIl,l

TCKeIx

'1.500

CALCULATIONI

0zztE

VE SSEL

5.0 00

5.000
5.000
5.0c0
5.000
5.000
5.000

SlItr

.l

3E +0 6

.155E+O7
.278e rO7
-426E+O?
.6?6E+O7
-E75 E+07

53E+05

.509+04

.421Er05

.1 40E+05

.864Er05

.l5lE+06

.288E+05
.503E+05

.2388+06

.794E+05

4E9E+06

.1638+O6

.854E+06
.'155E{07
.198E+07
-276e+07
-227E+05
.626E+05
.129E+06
.225E+06

.285E+06
.449E+06
.660 E+06
-9228+gb

.757Er04
.209E +05

-428E+05

.749r0

.5 54E+06

.ll6Er06

-727e+O6
.127Er 07

.423E+06

.242E+O6

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities tor Cylindrical


Table 6-1
Continued

sTltr CALCULATIONT CYL- VESSEL


NOZ ZLE ROT STIF IN.LB/DEG
VESSEL NOzZLE
lCK,It{ INPLAxE 0UTPLANE
TC(,II{ OD,IN
CIRCU
STD LONGI
ROTA

VESSEL

OD,FT

6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6

-000

6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.00

6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.00 0

6.000

6.0c0
6.000
6.000
.).

1.500

1.750
2.000
.37

.500

.625
.750
'| .0c0
1.250
1.500
1.?50
2 .0c0
.250

1.750
2.000

6.r100

,000

6.000
6.000

.000

.250
.500

6,000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000

.000
6.00 0

6.000
6.000
6.000

6.00 0

6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.0c0
6.000
6.000
6.000

.000

.411E+07

.1378+O7

.237

.3008105

.100Er05
.27 6E+O5

.?37

.82EE+05
. I 70 E+06

.237

.2t7

?80

.2 80

.280
.280

.280
.322

.322
.322
.32?
.322
.37?
-322

.365

10.75 0

.000

1.250
I .500

.750
2.000
1

.250

.500
.6?5
.?50

1.000

7.250
1.500
'l .750

2.000

0.750
10.750
10.750

10. 750

.365
.36 5

.365

10.750
10.750
r 0.750
10.750
1? .750

.625
.7 50

i.000

1.250
1.500

.468E+06

.961r06
.168E+07
.265E+0?

.389E+07
.5

44e r

07

.4568+05
.126E+06
.2 58 E+ 06
.451E+06
.711E+06

.146Er07
.?558+07
.402E+07

.5928r47

.826E+ 07
. 603 E+05
. 166 E+ 06

.341E+06

.5968r06
.940E+06
.193E+07
-317e+O7

.532Er07
.782E+07

12.750
12.750
12.750
12 .7 50

4.000
14.000
14.000
14.000

t4-000
I 4.000
14.000
14.000

.320E+06
.5608+06
.883E+06
.130E+07
.181E+07
.152E+05
.4'19+05

.8608+05

.l

508+06
.237 E+06
.487E+06

.850+06
.131E+07
.197 EaOT
.27 5E+07

.201E+05

.t14Er06
.199E+06
.513E+06

.643E+06
.112E+07
.1778+07
.261E+07
.364E+ 07

-253r05

.4258+07

.698E+05
.143E+o6

.250Er06
.395Er06

.E10Er06
.142E+07

.670E+O7

.22i8+07

.984E+07

.328E+07

.517E+06

12 -750

.'l 568+06

.1098|08

12

.750

.566E+05
.989E105

.759E+05
.209E+06
.430E+06
.750E+06
.118E+07
.243E+47

1? .7 50

.902E+06

.4588+O7

.304Er05

.839E+05
.172E+06
.301E106

.375

.142Er07

.37 5
.37 5

.292E+07

.47 4E+O6
.97 4E+06

.510E{07

.170E+07

.375
.3?5

.EC5Er07

.2688+O7

.1188+08
. 16 5E +0t

.f95E+07
.551+07

.101E+06
.279E+06
-57?E+06
.999 E+06

.33?E+05

.375

.500

.297E+ 06

.137E+08
.913E+05
.252E+O6

12.750
1?.750

-668+06
.9828+06

.216

.280
.280
.?80
,280
.280

4.625
a .625
I .625
10.750

.500

.2958+07

6.625
6.625
6.625
6 .625
6.625
6.6?5
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
4.625
8 .625
I .6?5
8.625
I .625

.200E{07

-216

.237
.237
.23?

4.500
4.500

'| . 500

.216

.500
4. 500
4

.000
1.250

.750

.500

4.500

6.0c0
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000

.7 50

6.00

4.500
4.500
4.500

-oa>

.500

4. 500

.500

6.00c

6.000

.37 5

6.0c

6.00

3.500
3.500

.375
.3?5

.375
.315
.375

.158E+07
.323E. 07
.565E+07
.89'l E +07

.928+05
.191E+06

.lf,3Ef06
.5258+06

.1 08 E+07

.188E+07
-297E+O7

Vessels

131

132

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
R0TA STIFF CALCULAII0tI, CYL- vESSEL
vssEL

OD,FI

6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.00

I
I

lr

1.750

2.000

.250
.375
.500

.625
.750
.000

6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.0c0
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.0 00
6.0 00

6.000
6.000
6.0c

VESSEL
ICX,IN

6.00c
6.000
6.000
6.000
6.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.00 0
7.0 00
7.0 00

7.000
7.000

7.0 00

7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000

6.00 0

CK,I

.375
.37 5

-375

.759
2.000
.250
. t75
.500
.625

.375
.375
.375
.375

t .000
1.250

18.000
18.000

.t7 5
.375

.250
.500

t.

500

1.750
2.000
.250
.37

.500

.625
.7 50
I .000

1.250
1.500

.750
2.000
1

.3?5
.500

6.000
6.000
6.000

16.000
1 6.000
16.000
16.000
't6.o00
18.000
1 8.000
18.000
18.000

6.0 00

NOZ

OD,IN

14.000
14.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
J

ZLE NOT STIf IN.LB/DEG


N INPLANE OUIPLAT.IE
LONGI
CIRCU
SID

NOZZLE

.625
.750
I .000
1
1
1

.250

.500

.750

?.000

.250
.375
.500
.625
.?50
I .000
1.250
I .5C0

.150
2.000
.250

.t75
.500

.625
.750
1 .000
1.250

18 .000

.37 5

.375
.375

.375
.375
.37 5

.375
.375

?.375
".375
2.375
2.375
3. 500

1.500

.343E+07
.504E+07
.7 01E+o7

.44'lE+o5
.122E+06
.2t19E+06

.141E+07
.?47E+O7
-3a9E+07

.148Er06
.4088r06

.572c_+O7

.798 E+07
.493E+05
.'136+05

.837E+06

.279E+06

.146E+O7

.487E+O6
.769 E+O6

.231E+07
.473E+07

. 1 92 E+08
+

06

.451Er06
.925E+06

.255E+07

.'t58E+07
.2768+47
.435E+07
.639E+o7
.893+0?
.545E+05
.

50 E+06

.308F+06
.519E+06

,850E+06
.17 4E+07

.375
.375

.523E+ a7

.3? 5

.1448+08

.305E+07
.481E+07

.212E+08
-?96E+06

.797p+O7

.9878+07

.141E+05
.390E+05

.471E+04

.800El05

.267E+05

.140E+06

.4 66 E+0 5

.375
.375
.154
.'t 54

.154
.15 4

.'l56
.154
.154
.154
.154

.'t54
.216
-216

.216

3. 500

.216
.216
.216

3.500

.217E+O7

.423E+ A7

.7 40t+07
.1178+08

.162Er07

3. 500

3.500

.'l2 4E+07

.436+06
.687ErO6

. 164E

-37 5

.389E+05
,107E+06
.220E+O6
-384E+06
.606E+06

-131E+07

.206E+07

.2688+08

22 .00 0
22 .000
22 .000

2.375
2.s75
2.375
2.375
2.375

.748E +06

.375
.375

22.000
22.d00

.2l l E+08

-375

22.000

22 .000

.1 51 E+08

.827E+07
. t 30 E+08

22 .000

22.000
22.000

.373E+07
.652E+A7
.103E+08

.172E+08
.239E+08

20.000
20.000

.610E+07

.3658+46

18.000
18.000

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
?0.000
20.000

.437E+O7

.132E+O6

18-000

20.000

. 131 Er08

.1838+08
. t l7E+06
.3228+o6
.6608+06
.l l5E+07
.182E+07

-216

.914E+O7

.130E+05

.220E+O6

.735Ero5

.452E+06
.790E+06

.151E+06

.263E +06

.125e+07
.183E+07

.416E+06

.580E+05
.119E+06
.208E+06
.328E+06
.67 3E 106

. 195 E+0

.l1EE+07

.39?E+06

.256Er07
.?10E'05

.611E+o6
.E53E+06
.7018+O 4
5

.J97E+05
.693E+05
.109 E+06

.?248+06

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical


Table 6-1
Continued
R0TA
vEssEl-

OD.Fl

STIFr CALCULATION, CYL. VESSEL

VESSEL
lCKrIf{

NOZZLE

OD,IN

NOTZLE ROT SII F IN.LB/DE6

TCKTIN It'lPl-AllE

SID

LONGI

0UTPLANt
CIRCU

.500

1.500

.216
.216

.186E+07

4.500

.381Er07

.237

.278E+05
.766E+05

.927e+04
.255E+05

.237
.237
.237
.237

.157E+06

.524E+O5

7.OOO

.250
.375
.500
.625
.7 to
1.000
1 .250

.618 E r0 6
-909E+06
.1278+O7

7.00 0

't

7.000
7-000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000

3-500
J .500

1-750
2.000

4.500
4.500

4. 500

4.500
4

4.500
4.500
6 .625

2.000

.250
.375
.500
.625
.750

7 .OOO

7.000
7.000
7.00 0

7.000
7.000
7.000
?.000
7.000

7.00 c
7.00 0

7.000
7.OOC

.37

.7 50

I .000

1.000
1.250
1 .500

I .5C0

1.750
2

.000
.25D

.625

4.625
10 .750

10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10 .7 50
t 0.750

12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
J4.000
14.000

.6?5

7.O0tJ

I .000

7.000

. 239E

06

.2AO

.4188+06

.260

- 659E+06

-280
.2E0

.135E+07

?80

.322
.322

.322
-322
-322

.62t

7 .OOA

1.250
1.500

.2E0

8
6

'14.000

7.000

.422t+05
.tJ6E+06

.322

. 500

.? 50

.280

4.625
4.6?5

7.00 0

7.000

.360E+07
.503E+07

.?36t+07

4.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000

.365
.56 5

.365
.365

.870E +06

-179E+07
.3'l2E+ 0?
.192E+07

.375
.375

.1648+O7
.337E+O7
-234E+O5

.398E+06

.133+06

.695E+06

-232E+06

.194E +06

.110Er07
.225E+07
.393E+07
-911E+07

.646E+05

.565E+06
.750E+06
.131E+07
.207E+07
.3048+07
.424E+07

.2828|05

.777E+O5
-159 ErO6
.27aE+Q6
.439E +06

.13?ErO7
.271E+07
.4738+07

.902E+06

.7 45E+07

-24EE+O7

.l'l0E+08

.1 53E+0E
- 936E+05
.752e +06

.529E+06
.9 25E+06

.146E+07
.2998

.375

.596E+06
.'l o 4E+o7

.101E+08
.703E+05

-E458+05
.23f,E+06
.4 78 r06
.E35E+06

.375
.375

.105E+06
.184E+06
.290E+06

.241E+Ol

-375

.37 5

.183E+07
.?55E+ 07

.7 24E+ 07

.1278+08

-5at

.1f,9 E +06
-220E+O6
.4 5'l E+06
.78 7E +06

.1868+05

.365

.t75
-37'

.168E+07
.111E+05
.3EEr05
.797E+Ot

E|05

5 5E

.620E+07

.37 5

.1208+O7

.124E+07

.365
.365

-36'

.518+06
.817E+06

-3738+07

.5 48 E+07
.7 65E+0?

I .625

1? -750

1.000
1.250

-237

.245E+07

.154E+D6
.316E+06
-552E+06

-625

.7 50

.297E+O6

.500

.750
2.000

.7 41e+O6

.890E+06

.1558+07

.280

.916E+05

.4338+06

8.625

10.750
10.750
10.750
12.750
12.750
12.750

.2758r06

-217

.237
.237

.2 80

.500
.625

7.00 0

7.000
7.0c0
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000

6.625
6.625

1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.250

-625

6 -625

.500

7.00 0

7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.00c
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000

1.750
2.000
.?50

7.00 0

7.000
7.000
7.000
7.00c

6.625
6 .625
6.625
6.625

I .000
1.250
1

.500

4. 500

.500

7.OOO

7.000
7.000
7.00c
7.000

.500

rAl

.'l

58 E+0 7

.365E+07
.510ErO7
.312E+05

.859E{05
.17 6E+06
.30EE+06

.4E68r06

.998E+06

.SZ3E+Oz

.17 4E+O7

.825E+07

.275e+07

Vessels

133

134

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA
VESSEL
OD, FT

7.00 0

7.000
7.0 00

7.000
7.000
7.000

7.00q
7.000
7.00 0

?.000

7.00 0

7.000
7.00

7.000
7.000

7.0 00

7.000
?.000
7.000
7 -DOO

7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7-000

7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.00 0
7.00 0

7.000
7.000
7.000
7.0c0
7.000
7.000
7.0c0
7.000
7.0 00
7 .OOO

7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000

7.00 0

7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
7.00c
7.000
7.000
7.0c0
7.000

SIIFF CALCULtII0NT CYL. VESSEL

VESSEL
TCKTII{

1.759
2.000
.250
.375
.5rr0
.625
.750
I .000
1.250
I . 500
1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625
.750
1.000
1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.250
.375
. 500
.625
.750
1.000
I .250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.6?5
.750
't .000
1.250
1.500
1 .750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625
.750
1.000
1 .250
1 .500
1.75A
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625
.750
r.000
1 .250
1.500
1.750
2.000

ZLE ROT STtF IiI.LB/DG


N INPLANE OUTPLANE
CIRCU
STD
LONGI

NOZZ L E

NOZ

OD'IN

ICKTI

.f218.08

14 -000

14.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.0c0
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000

-375

.375
.375

.404E +O7

,loEE+06

.565E}07
.360Ef05

.298E+06
.611 E+06

.204+06

t 69E+ 0E

.107Er07

.992E+O5

.3568rO6
.561E+06
.l l5E+07
.2018+07
.318E+07

.375
.375

.168E+07

.375

.9538+07
.140+08
.1968+08

.375

.408 E+05

.346E+07

.604Er07

.467E+O7

.652e+07

18.000
18.000
18.000
18.000

.375

I 22 E+06
.338 E+06
.693E+06

.375

.121E+ 07

.113E+06
.23'l E+O 6
.4038+06

.191Er07

.636E+06

18.000
18.000

.375

.392E+07
.685E+07

.131E+07
.226E+07

.375

.1 C8 E+0E
. 1 59E+ 0E

.360E+0 7
-529E+Oz

.222E+08

.739ErO7

.375

.1378+06

.457E+05
.126E+O6

.375
.375

.377E+06
.775E+06
.135E+07

1E.000

'18.000
1E.000

18.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
?0 -000

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
22.000
22.000
22 -OOO

22.000
22.000
22.000

.375

.37 5
.37 5

.255E+O7

. 121E+08

.5058+05
. 139

.150E+07

.499E+06

.857+06

.37 5

.236E +07

.s75

.485+07
.847E+07

.16?E+a7
.?82ErO7

.134E+0E

.445E+O7
.654E+07
.914E+07

.37 5

.'l96E+08
.27 4erOE
.166E+06

.375

.4578+06

.375

.259E+07
.531E+07

24.OOO

-375
-375

26 -OOO

E'06

.266Er06

.375

24.000

26.000
26.000
26,000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000

.5928r07
.626Er07

.417 E+06

.37 5

24.000
24.800
24.000
26.000
26.000

.4038+07

.151E+06

.938E+06
.1 648 + A7

24.OOO

.146E+07

.375

2?.ogo

24.000
24.000
24.000

.71?Ero6

.436E+07
.7 66a+07

.37 5

22.000
24-000

.451E+06

.2138+07

.178E+08
.248E+08

.3?5

22 -OOO

22.OOO

.258E+06

.9?7E+07
.1 46Er08
| 5E+08
.3 00E +08

.3 75

-2

-37 5
.37 5

.180Ei06

.375

.497ErO6

.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375

.lcz.07

.787E+O6

.5 53E+0 5

.152E+06
.313E+06
.546E+06

.862E+06
.177E+O7
.309 E +0 7
.488 E +0 7

.717E+07
.100+08

.60',|Ef

.l

05

66Er0 6

.340E+06

.17EE+07

.594E+06
.9378 +06

.577E+07

.192E+07

.28'lEr07

.101 E+0E
.'159E+08
.2 348 | 08

.3?7er08

.336+0 7

.530Er07
.779E+O7

.109E+08

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical

Vessels

135

Table 6-1
Coniinued
R0TA
VESSEL

OD,FT

SSL
ICK,IN

VE

-00tJ

8.000

E.0c0
E.000
E.00 0

.375

?.375
2.375

.7 50

.000

1.250
1.500

1-750

E.000

2. 000

E.000

.37

.250

8.000
E.0c0
E.000

8.000
6.000

2.3?5
2.375
2 .375
2.375
3.500
.500
.500

.7 50

3. 500

.000
'l -250
't .500

3. 500
3 .500

.625

1.750
2.000

-250

8.0c c

.500

E.000

.750
I .000

6.000
8.000
8.000
8.000
8.000
8.0c0

2 -375

.500

[.0c0

8.000
8.000

.375

3
3

8.000
6.000

E.000
8 .000

NOzZL

OO,IN

.500

8 .000
8.0c c
E.0c0

6.000

STIFf CALCULAII0N, CYL. VSSEL

.625

1.250
1.500

3.500
3.500

3.500
3. 500

4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500
4

.500

4.500
4.500
4

.500

/.. 500

.500

.000

.000

.500

E.000

.7 50

6.625
6.625
6,625
6.625

8.000

.000

8.000
8.000

1.250
1.500
1.750

8.CCC

2-AAO

E.000

8.000
3.000
8.000
6.000
8,000
8.000
t.000
8.000
8.000
6.000
1i .00c
8

8.000
E.0c0

6.000
8.000

tt.625

8.625

1.?50
.500

.500

.625
.7 50

.625

8.625
8.625

.750

1.750
2.000

-6?5

8.625

I .000
1

.6?5

6.625

I .625
8.625

10 . 750
10 . 750
10 .75 0

0. 750
1 0 .750
't

10.750

.000
1.?50

'10.750

't .

10

'I

500

8.CC0

E.000

.500

.000

.000
.000

6.625

.2 50

8.00c
3.000
E
E

6.625

2. 000

.250

.750

10-750
't 0 .750
12.75t)

12,750

ZLE ROT STI f IN.LB/DEG


N INPLANE OUTPLANE
CIRCU
LONCI
STD
NOZ

rCK,I

-154
54
.'154
.l54
-151
-154
.154
.154
-154
.154
.216
-2'.t6
.216
-216
.216
.z',t6
.216
.?16
.2'16
-2't6
.237
.?37
.237
-237
-237
.237
.23?
.?37
.237
.237
.280
.280
.280
.280
.2 80
.280
.280
.280
.280
.280
.322
.322
-322
.32?
.322
-3?Z
-322
.322
.322
.3??
.365
.365
.365
.365
.365
.365
.365
.36,
.365
.365
-3?5
.375

.1

. 132 +0 5

.364i05
.718E105
.',l31+06
.2A6E+06
.423E+06
.7-19

+06

.117E+47

.171E+ol

.441E+04
-121ErO5

.2 49 E +O5

.436E+05
.687E+O5

.1418+06
.2{,68+O6
.389 E +06
.57?E+O6

.239E+O7

.7988+06

.197 t+Os
.5 4ZE+05

.181F+05

.1118+06
.194F+06

.307Er06

.6 30 +06

.1108+07
-17 4E+07

.255E+ol
.356t+07

.260 E+ 0 5
.717E+05
.117E+O6

-?57 E+C6
.4058 +06
.832E+06

,1158+07

-2?9E.07
.3378+07
.4?18+07
.195F+A5
.109E+06
.?24E+46

. 391 E+ 06

.6r6E+06
.126E+07
.221E+ 07
.349E+O7
.5'12E+O7
.715E +O7

,656E+O4
.371E+05

.6488+05

.102Er06
.210Er06
.367E+O6

.578E+06
.8508+06
.119+07
.8678+04

.27

E+O6

.4858+06
.7 64E+O6

.112E+07
..|.57

E+

07

.132+05
.363E+05
.745E+05

.130E+06
.2058+06
.422E+06
.7368+O6
.116E+O7
-'171

E+ 4 7

.238Ef07
-17 4E+05

-480E+05

.1 67 E +O7

.292E+47
.4618+O7

.9858+05
.17?E+46
.271E+06
.557 E+O6
.973E+06
.1548 +O7

- 677E+07

.2268+07

.9 45E+07
.658+05

.315E+07
.219 E+45

.181E+06
.37?E+06
.650E+06
.',l03E+07
.2108+ 07

.6048+05
_124ErO6
.217E+o6
.3 42E+O6
.701E+06

3 68 E+

07

.580 +07
.853E+07

.1198+08
-791E+05
.216E+06

.144E+46
.29 5 E f06
.e14E+06

.239E+05
.490E+05
.857E+05
.135E+06

.5228+05

.516Er06

l:

.1?3E+o7
.193E+07
.284E+17
.397 e+O7
.2 64e+ 0 5
-726E+OS

136

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STIFF CALCULATION, CYL. VESSEL
VESSEL

VESSEL

OD,FT

ICK,'N

.500

8.00 0
8 .000

8.000
8.000
8.000

8.00 0

8-0cc
3.000
8.000
8.000
8.000

.7 50

I .000

1.250
1.500
.000

.2 50

E.000

8.000
6.000
E.000
8.0c0
6 .00c
6.000

.625

8.000
8.000
8.00

8.000
E.000

8.000
8.000

.75A
I .000
1.25O
1 .500
1 .75A

2.000
.250

E.000

8.000
8.000
5.0 00
E.C00
3

.000

.0c0
8.000
6.000
8.000
8.000
8.000
E

.000
I .000
E.000
6

.000
8.000

E.000
E.000

6.000
6.000
6.000
8.000

.'136E+07

.230E+07

.489E+07

-163E+O7

.257 E+O7

.375

.7 72E+ 07
.113F+08

.1018+06

.337Ef05

.27EF+06

.9?8E+05

.375

.000

1
1

.500

.750

2.0 00

.250

.375
.500

.t91E+06

.999 r+06

.333E+06

.1588+07

.525Er06
.1088r07

.565E+07
.891E+07

.188E+07
.297E+07
.437E+C7

.131E.C8

.375

,163E+08

.64tE+06
.1?9E] 07

6.000

18.000
8

.000

20.000
20.000
20.000
20 .000

0.000

20 .000

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000

.367E+d7
.641E+ 07

.375
.375
-375

.375
.315

22.000

1.250

.5?8E+o7

.572E+O6

.323Er07

22 .OOO

.378E+07

,610E+07

.377E+06
.595E+06
.122E+O7
.214E+O7

. ?50

.15EE +08

.113E+07

.7 5A

,500

.804+05
.1658+06
.288a+06
.455F+06
.934E+06

.1058+06
.216E+06

.0c0

.292E+05

.316E+06

E.000
E.000

.875+05
.241E+ 06

I E. 000

.625

.000

.342E+O7
.47 7 a +o7

.382E+05

.000
1 6 .000

1.250
I .500
1.750
2.000

-143E+08

.1 15E+06

18.000

.7
2. 0c0
'ti

E.C00
8

6.000
6.000
16.000
1 6.000
16.000
16.000
1 6.000
16.000
16.000
16.000

18.800
't E.000
1 E .000

oz

E+

.375

1
1

1E

.625

.4'l1E+O 6

.'l0f r08

14 .000

1.000
1 .250
1.500

.000

8.000
E.0c0
8.000
8.000

.000

.149E+06
.260E+06
.E44E+06
.117E+O7
.232E+O7

.E65E+06

CIRCU

.123E+ A7

.697
-375

OUTPLANE

.253E+07

.4128+07

'|

.500

.731r+06

.000

.000

.4 47E+06

.495.06

.500

TCK,IN INPLANE
STO LONGI

11 .000

t .000
1-?54
'I .500

8.000
E

't2.750
I 4.000
I 4.000
4.000
1 4.000
1 4.000
14.000

E.000

NOZZLE ROT STI F It.I.LB/DEG

1?.750
12.750
12 .750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750

14

.7 50

.750
2.000
.250

t,000

0zzL

OD,III

2? .OOO
22 .O00

22.000
22.000
22.000
22.000

.5f>

22 .OOO

22.000
24.000
24.000
24 .000

.37

.101E+08
.'149Er08
.207E+08

.1288+06
.355E+06
.725E+ 06
.127E+O?

.200E+o7
.410E+07

.7',16E +07

.337E+07
-495E+07
.691 E! 07
.427E+05
.118E+06
.Z 4ZE+O6

.122E.O6
,6668+06
.137E107
.239E +O7

.1'13E+08
.166E+0E
.212E+0E
.112E+06
.390E+06
.E0'l E+06

.377E+07

.1 40E+07

,2218 + A7

.467E+O6
.736E+O6

.453E+07
.79?E+07

.264Er47

.1 25+0E
.184E108
.256E+0E

.155+06
.428+06
.8

7EE

'

o6

.55 4E+07
.7738+O7
.472E+O5

.130E.06
.267E+O6

.15'lE+07
-4'16E+07

.6128+O7

.855E+07
.517E+05

.143E+06

.293Er06

!
Cylindrical
Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities lor

Vessels

137

Table 6-1
Continued
ROTI STITF CALGULATI0N' CYL'

VESSEL

NOZZLE ROT STI F ItI'LB/DEG.,

:::?i' Y:l:ih i8:ii' iii;io lii:l-'


8.000
8

.000

8.000
8 .000
8.000
8.000
8.0c0
8.000

E.000

8.000

.7 50

t .000

1.250
1.500
1.?50
2.000
.500

.000

.625

8.000
8.000

.0c0

.7 50

.2 50

E.000
8 -000

8.000
8.000
8.000
8.000
8.000
8.CC0

8.000
.000

8.000
8.000
8.000

.000
.000

8.000

.000
I .000

8.000
8

.000

8.000
8.000
8.000
8.00 0

.500
.7 50
2

.000

-250
.500

.625

.750
1.000
1 .250
1.500
1.75u
2.000
- 500

.750
I .000

1.250
1.500
1.150
2. 000

24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24

-000

24.000
24.000
26.000
26.000
26 .00 0

26.0c0
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
28 .000

28.000

28 - 000

28.000
28.000
28.000
28.000
28.000
28.000

28 .000

30 .00 0

30.000
30.000
30.c00
30.0c0
30.000
30.000
30-000

30.000
30.000

9.000
9.O00

t00
.625

.000

9.000
9.000
9.000

.000

9.000

9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9

.000

9.J00
9.000
9.000
9.000

.7 50

.000

.250
'r.500

1.750
2.000
.2 50

.500

2.175
2.375
?.375
2 -375

2.375
2.375
2.375
3.500
3.500
3

.500

.7 50
1.O00

3'500
3.500
1.500
3.500
3.500

1.750

.000
.250

1.250
1.500
2

.500

3.500

.500

4.500

'i;i
'iti

'-1?i
'i;;

+07
-212F
--istz'oz

-doee*oz
. t:zt* oc

3!l:i^*'
.E06E+06
7
' 166E+o

.2q?!.91

'-1;t .zott+oa -456E+o7


'9!1,t-'9!
.23'1E+0E 'Yl!:':'
-375
'izi
'i;;
'1;a

'.1it

1695+06
{ 06
954g+06

- 465

'5 621+o5

.155+06

'3'l8Eio6

167E'07
'119!'96
' :..
.E778+06
t A\F +o7
'it'.
liioE'oz
'.1?; i a31+ o7 '180E+67
'3\tq-+o^!
0E '1:9'-:Y'
-375 .'l1et
'-.ii
-2196+08
'7298+o7
':'-i
an<r+nP .102F+08
+

:i;i;-o;
:i+;
'\zi
5ozF{06

.991!:95

167F +06

o7 '.314E+o6
.taOr*oz .600F+06
-28|E+oz '9 47 E+06
.igre. oz
'1918+G7
. i ozr.oa
'340F+07
.1615+08 '5368+07
.2 36g+oE .788E+07
.!366+oa
'119:lo8
- 196E +06
'653F+05
sloE+c6 '180E+06
-l6eE+06
-ittt'oz
--1s4E+o7
'9!28-+D6
3o5E+o? '102E+07
'-i?; -.iriE+07
'!9:!*07
16e5+08
'1!5.1-.ol
.1i;
'.;;;'17r8+08'1.6.1'.07
'i;i
'8168+o7
'i545+08
' z:le + o8
'-i?t

'iii
'i.;i
'i;4
'i|i
'-i?t
'i;i
'iri,
'.ir;
';;<
'i;.
'|;i
'.3;;
'i;.

163 6+

'118E+08

1at
'-a;i
;;;
'-;;i
'.4;i

'-;ti

-'l25t+05 '416+04
314t+ 05
' 1 'l 5 +o s
io5r+05 '235E+os5
:123E.06
''le4E+06 ' 411E+o
'6488+c5
-3eeE+o6 '111!'06
E

'.::: -lziiili
':l;
':l',
';'.;
'.i;i
rni
'.tiz
rie
'r;A

'.ia;
';;;
';;;
'-i;;
"r;i
'.i;?

' i ))i
' )Jli,iz
'iz

aii

'.1":,i::"2
.53eF+06

-t5zE+o6

'618E+o/'
os '170E+05
:5118 'os
-105E.06 .35oEro5
-r

1E3F+06

-289F+06
-594E+06

'91.1E-+o5

'964E+05
.198E+06

16r,E+07 '119I'06
- 164E + 07
' 51'55+06
.? L1E+o? .8 0 2 +06
+oz
3362+a? |z-tE+oL
't15E+05
"t
'4768
+o5
+05 'E't7
'225F
F

l,

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued

R0lA SllFr CALCULATI0NT CYL.


VESSEL

OD,IT

VESSEL
TCK,IN

9.000

9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9

.500

.625

.750
I .000
1.250
'l .500
?.000
.250

.375
.500

.000

9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000

.7 50

1.000
I .250
I .500

1.750
2.000
.?50
.375
.625
.750
.000

.250
.500

9.0 00

9.000
9.000
9.000

9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.00c
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000

. 750

2.000
.500
.625

.750

I .000

1.250
'| .500
1.759
2.000
.250

.375
.500
.625
.750
I .000

1.250

NOZZL

NO?ZLE

0DrIN

TCK,IN

4.500

4. 500
4 .500

4.500
4.500
4.500

.75C
.000

.250
.500

.750
2.000
.250
.375
.5 00

.462e+o,

-2 42e+06

.808 E+05
.1?7E+O6
.262E+O6
.457E+O6
.7218+O6

.237
.237
.237
.237

.382Er06

.785E+06
.137E+O7

6.625
6.625

.148E+07

.2E0

.373E+05

.121ErO5
.3 4?E +0 5

6.62

.2E0
.2E0

-103+06

.?118+06

.703i05

.3688+C6

.123E+06
.194E+06

6.625
5.625

.237

6 -625

.280
.?80

6 -625

.280

6 -625

6.625
6.625
8.625
8.625
4.625

I .625
I .625

8.625
6.OZ)

.62>
8 .625

8.625
10.750
10.750
10.750
10 .750
10.750
10.750
r 0.750
10.750
10.750
10. 750

12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12 .750
'12.750

.625

. '1 39 Er 06

-237

.444E+07

2. 000

.500

.237

.216e+07
.318E+07

12.75D

.250

f IN.LB/DEG
INPLANE OUTPLAI{E
Lol,Gl
CIRCU
ROT STI

-237

,.. 500
4. 500

,500
t .750

slD

VSSEL

14.000
'| 4.000
'r 4.000
14.000
't 4,000
14.000
14 .000

14.000
I 4.000
't4.000
16.000
16.000
16.000

.2 80

.280
-322
.32?

.58'l E+06
.1198+07
.208+07
.329F+07
.433E+07

-1O6E+O7

.f,97E|06
-694E.06
.t10E+07
.161t+07

.67 4E. 07
.492E+05

.?25E+07
.164E+05
.452ErO5

.3ZZ

.279E+06

.92E E+0 5
-162E+O6

.322

.158E+07
.275E+87

.525Er06

.322
.3?2
.3?2

.322
.322

.365
.365
.365

.56 5

.365
.365

.136E+06

.437Fr06
.?68Ef06
-4348.07

.6388+07
.691E+07
.620+05

.17'l

E+

06

.351E+06
.613E+06

.256E+06

.918E+06
.145E+07
.2138+O7

.297E+07
.207E+O5
-

70E+0 5

-117

E+O 6

.204E+06

.967Er06

-322E+O6

.'198Er07
.3 478+07
.5478+07
.804E+07

.661E106
.116E+07

.1'l2Er08

.1E2Er07
.2688+C7
.374E+07
.249E+05

.37 5

.746E+05
.205E+06

-375

.737E+06
-116E+07

.387Er06

.375

.239E+07

.795E+O6

.417 E+07
.657a+ A7

.219E+07

.375
.37 5

.175
.375

.422Er06

,685E'05
-141E+06

.246E+06
-'t 39 E+O7

.9 6?E+07

.322E+ol

.275Er05

-375

.135E+08
.825E+C5
.227E+06
.4 67 E+ 06

.815E+06

- 156E+06

.3? 5

-375

.129 E+07
.264E+07

.429E+O6
.880 E +06

.37 5

.4618+07
.728E107

.154E+O?

.37 5

.107E+08
.1 49+ 08

.37 5
.37 5

.375

.375
.375

.953Er05
.263E+ 06

.375

.539 E+06

.450E+07

.758 E+05
.272E+O6

-243E+o?
.357E+0?

.498+07
.5

'13 g

r05

.875E+05

.lE0Ero6

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical

Vessels

139

Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA
VESSEL

OD,FT

9.0c0
.000

9.0c0
9.00

9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9 .0c0
9.000

9.000
9.000
9.0c0
9.000
9.00

.625
.750
1 .000
1.500
1.750
2 .000

.250
.500
.625
.7 50

9.000
9.000
.000

9.000
9
9

.000
.000

9.000
9.000
9.000
9

.060

9.000
9.000
9 .000
9 .000
9 -0 00

.000

9.000
9
9

.000
.000

9.000
9.000
9.000

.000

E. 000

18.000

t8.000

18.000
18.000

20.0c0
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000

.500
.000

.2 50
1.5C0
't

1.750
2

16.000
16.000

.250

?. 000

16 - 000

18 .000

.000

'1E
1
'|

.00 0

8.000
8.000

18 .000

.?50

22 .000

.500
.6?5

22 .OOO
22 .00 0

.7 50

I .000

1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.?50

9.000
9.000
9.000

9.000
9.000
9.000
9-0c0
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000

16.000
16.000

.000
.25D
.500
-750

.000

6, 000

16

9.000
9

VESSEL

VESSEL NOZILE NOZZLE ROT STIF IN'LB/OE6


TcK,IN TNPLANE oUTPLANE
oo,rH
;;i;;N
CIRCU
LONGI
STD

.000

SIIFF CALCULATION' CYL.

.500

.625
1.000
1.?50

t.500
1.750
2

.000
.250

.375
.500
.625
.?50
r .000

1.250
1.500
1-750
2.000
.250
.500

.625

22.000
2

.000

22.000
2? .OOO

22.000
?2 .OOO

22.000
24 -000
21-OOO

.000
24-000
24

24.000
24.AOO

24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
?6.000
26,000
26.000
26.000

26 - 000
26 .00 0

28.000
2E

.000

28.000

.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.3?5
.3?5
.3tS
.3?5
.375
.3?5
.3?5
.375
-375
.375
.375
-3?5
.375
.375
.3?5
.375
.375
_37,
.375
.375
.375
.3?5
.375
.3?5
.3?5
.375
.375
.3?5
_375
-37,
.375
.3?5
.375
.375
.375
.375
.3?5
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
-375
.375
.375
-3?5
.375
-375
.375

,941E+06

.149Fr07

.3148+06
.495E+06

.305 E+07

.'l02Er07

.533E+07

.840E)07
. 1 24 E+ 08

78 +07

-280E+0?
.412E+O?

.172E+08

.5'58+07

.6118f06

.2L

.108E+06
.2988+06

.3,,0E+05
.9928+05

.1O7E+O7

.3568f06

.168E+02

.346Er07
.604E +O7

.953E+O7
.',|40E +08

.196E+08
. 121 E+06

4E

+46

.561 E+06
- 11

E+Ol

.201F+O7
.318E107
.467E+07

.652E+07

.403E+0t

.53fE+06

.1118+06

.683E+06
.119E+07

.3988}C6

.188 + 07
.3FZa+O7

.228E +o 6

.628E+06
.129E+07

.675E+07

.2258+07

.1078+0E
.157E+oE
.219 Er 08
.1J4 +06

.7 29 E+A7

.368E+06
.755106
-132t +o7
.208E+07

- 427 6+O7
-7 47E+07

.,'166+06

.355E+07
.5??E+a7
.445C+05
.123E+06
.252E+06
-440E+06
.694E+06
.14?E+ 07

.?49E+07
-J93E+07

.173E+08
.2129+oE

.577 E+O7
.806E+07
.488E+05

.4639+06

.134E+06

.1A6t+46
.EZ8E+06
-1458+ 07

.228E+07
.468E+07

.27

6E

rO6

.482ErC6
.760E+06
- 15 a,E+07

.1908+0E

-273E+O7
.430E+07
-632E+o7

.438E+06
.900 E+ 06

.530E+05
.'116E+06
.300E+06

.'l57 E+O7
.2 482+07

.521E+06
.827E+O6

.889E107

.296e+o7

.8

18

07

.129Er08
.265E +08
.1 59E+06

.5098r07
- ',149E+08

.206E+08
.288E+08
.172E+o6
.4718+ C6
.972E+ 06
.170E +O7

.883E+07

.17oE+ol

.468Ei07
.68?E+07

.960E{07
.573Er05

.1588i06

.32 4E+o6
-566E+06

l,

140

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STIFT CALCULATION,

EL
TCK,IiI

VESSEL

VESS

OD,FI

9.000

9.000
9.0c0
9.000
9.000
9.000
9

.000

1.000

1.2rO
1.750
2. 000

.250

9.000

9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9

.000

9.000

.500

.625
I .000

1.250
1

9.000

.500
.625
.?50

9.00 0

9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000
9.000

t.000
t.250
1.500

.750
2.000
1

10.000

.250

r0.000
1

0.00 0

r0.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10 .00 0

10.000
10.000
'| 0.000
't0.000
I 0.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
'10.000

10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000

. 500

-625

-750

I .000
1.?50
I .500
1.?50
2-000
.250
.37 5
- 500

.625
.750

I - 000
I .250
1 .500
1

10 .000

10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000

.750

2. 000

.250
.500

.625

10 .00 0

10.000

.500

1.750
2.000
.250

.750
1.000
1

.250

1.750
2.000
.250
.500

VE SS EL

NOZZLE

NOZ ZLE

ROT STI

OD,IN

TCK,IN

INPLANE

STD

LON

28.000
?E.000
2E.000
?E.000
28.C00

28.000
30.000
30.000
30.000
30.000
30.000
30.000
30.000
30 .000

30.000
30.000
5 2.000
32.000
52 .000

52.000

.000
.000
52 .000
3 2
3 ?

.375
.375

4. 500

4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500
4. 500

4.500

6.625
6.625
6.625

- 268

+07

.550E+07

.37 5

-31tE+0E

.375

.375
.375

.2 23E +08

.185f+06

.509E+06
.104E+07

.182Ei07
-375

.375
.375
.375

.268+07
.591E+07
.103E+0E

.163E +08

.239E+08
.334E+06

OUIPLANE
CIRCU

.E93E+06

.183+07
.320E+07

.5058i07
.7 438+O7

.1048+0E
.6158+05
.1 708+06
+06

- 348 f

.608 Er06

.959Er06
.197E+O7

.344ErO7
.543E+07
.7988+07
.1 'l I E+08

.375
.375
.375
.375

.197E+06
.544E+06
.1t2E+Oz

.l8J

.195E+o7

.37 5

.3088+07

.650E+06
.1of,E+07

.375

2.375
2.3?5
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
z .375
2.375
3.500
1.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
5.500
3.500
4.500
4.500

6I

.t75

.3?5
-375

-500

F It{.LB/DEG

.9 61e+07
- 1 52Er08

32.000
32.000
52.000

CYL.

632E+07

. 1 10E +08
- 174E+ 08

.658Er05

E+06
.372E+O6

.211E+o?

.3688+07

.5808r07

.375

.256+0E
.357E+08

.E538+07

.'t 54

.'tt8E+05

.594E+04

.326E+05

.109 F +0 5
.2?3e+O5

.1t4

.154
.754

.669+05

-154

.1848+06

.151
.154
.154
.154
-154

.216
.216

-216
-216

.216
.216

.117E+06
.3?9E+06
.661E+06

.104E+07
.153E+07
"214E+07
.176E+05
.485E+05
.996E+05
.17 4E+06
.27 4E+ 06

.563E+06

.?16

.216

- 9 84 E+06
.155E+ O?

.z',t6

.2?88+o7

.216

.?37
.237
.?37
.237
-237

.319e+ 07

.119Er08

.390+05
.6158+05
-126E+O6

.2208+06
.348+06
.511E+06

.714Ero6
.587erO4
-162E+05

.332E+0 5

.580E+05

.915+05
.18EE+06
-328E+06

.517Ei06

.7618+O6
.106E+07

.2338+05
.6418+05

-775E+O4

.132E+06
.230E+06

.439E+05
.766ErO5
.121E+06
-2488+06

.363+06
.714E+06

.433Fr06

.237
.237
-237

-205E+07

-684E+06

-237
.2E0

.35fE+05

.140ErO7
.1'l8E+05

.97 4E+05

.325E+05

.280
.280

.130+07

.2148+Os

.302E+07
.42'lE+07
.2C0

E+

06

.'101 E+07

.667Eros

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical Vessels

141

Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STTFF CALCULATION' CYL. VESSEL
VESSEL

OD,FT

'l

0.000

VESSL NOZZLE NOZTL RO] STIT IN'LB/DG


TCKu IN TNPLATJE oUIPLANE
0D,rN
i;i;iN
CIRCU
STD LONGI
6.625
.7 50

.000

.000

10. 00 0

10.000
10.000
10.000

1.750

10 .0 0c

.2 50

.500
.000

.2 50

10.000
'| 0.000
10-600

.500

10.0c0
10.000
10.000
10.000

.7 50

'10.000

.000

,250

6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.6?5

I .625
I .625

8.625
8.625
a
a

.6?5
.625

a.625

.750
.2 50

10 .750

.000

10.000
't 0.000

.6?5

8 .625
a - 625

.500

't 0 .000
't 0.00 0

I .625

.500

10.000
10.000
10.000

10.750
10.750
10.750

.7 50

10 .7 50

1u.0

0.0 00
'10.000
1 0.00 0
10.00 0
10.00 0
1 0.00 0
1

1
1

.000

.500

.250

1.?50
2.000

.250
.37

10.750
10.750
10 .750
'ro.750

l0 . 750

1Z -750
'12 ,7 50

10.000

.500

1Z .750
12 .7 50

1C.000

.7 50

12.750

.625

10.0c0

10.000

t .000

'10.0c0

1.250

10-000

0.000

10-000

.500

1-750
2.000

.250

10.000
10.000
10.000

'10-000
1 ri . ti00
1 0. 00c

.625
.7 50
'|

.000

1.250
1.500

'10

10.000

10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
1 0.000
I 0.000
10.cc0

'i0.c00

.250
.500
.625
.7 50
1

.000

.500

1,254

.000

.500

0.00

12 -750
1

.000

000

.t/,-000
I 4 .000
14.000

.00c
14.000
't 4.000
14

.000
14.000

16.000
16.00u
16.000
'16-000

16.000
16.000
16.000
16 .000

6.000
6.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
1 8.000

't

2.0c0

1Z -7 50

14

.000

10 .0c 0

10.c00
1 0.000

.750
12.750

12

11, -

.500

10.000
10.000
.00 0

'12.750

.2 50

.280
.2 80
.280
.280
.280
.280
,280
.3zz
-322
.32?
-t??
.322
-32?
-32?
.3?2
.322
.322
.365
-565
-365
.365
-365
.365
.365
.355
.365
.365
.t75
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
-375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.3ZS
-375
.375
-375
.375
.375
.3?5
.375
.375
.3?5

.319 E. 06
.551E+06

.113E+al

.198E+02
-312E+a7
.458E+07

.6408+07
.467E+05
.129E+06

.116E+O6

.184E+06
.377 E+06
.659E+06
.104E+07

.153E+o7
.213E+47

.156E +05

.264E+ a6

.429E+05
-EE'l+05

.46?E+06
.7 zEE+ 06

.243E+O6

- 1198+07

.261E +D7

.112E107
.606E+ 07

.846+07
.538E+05

.162Et06
.533F+06
.5818+06

.'154.06
.498+06
.870E+06
.'t 37 E+47
.2629+O7
.282E+07

.1968+05
.540+05
.194+06

-329E+07

-7 63E+O7

.254E+07

.707E+0,
.l95E+06

.2368+O5
.650E+05

06

E+

.'l88+07
-519E +O7

.173E+Oi

. ',l06E+08

.355E +47

.400E+06
.699 + 06
.1,t 08+02

.l33E+06

.2?68.07
.395E+07
.6?48+07
.917E+07
.128E+0E
.7E3+05
.216E+46
.443E+06
.774E+06
.122E+O7
.251E +07
. 4 3EE +07

.690E+o7

.lClE+08
.',I12E+0E

.904E+05
06
.5J',l E+06
.Z 49

E+

.233E+06
.368E106
.754E+06
.132E+A7
-20EE+o7

-306E+07

.427E+07
.261F+05
.719Er05
.1488+O6
.2 5E E+0 6
-407E+06
.835E+06

.j

46E+O7

.23a8+o7
.338E+07
.4728+07
.30 | E+0 5
-830E+05
.120 E+ E 6

.893E+c6

.?9Et+O6

.2 89E + 07

.964Er06

.141E+Ol
.5ArE+07
.797 E+07
.'117E+0E

.'164E+08
.102E+06
.ZEZE+46

.5f0E+06
.1c1.E

A7

.1'lIE+06
.306E+ 0 6
.62ZE+O6
.11OE+07

.917

.470E+06
.1688+O7

.266E+07
.391E+07
.545E+07
.31?t+O5
.911t+O5

-'l 938 +06


.338E+06

-l

142

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA

10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
1 0.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
'r0.000
10.000
10.000
I 0.0 00

10.000
10.000
I
I

NOZZLE

TCKrlftl

TCK,IN

1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000

1E.000

18.000
.000
.000
18 .000
1E.000

1.750
2.000
.250

20.000
20.000
?0.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
22 .000

.37 5

22 .00 0

-375

.500

-625
-750

.000
1.250
1.500
'l

- 160E+ 07

.3?5

.573E+07
.904E+07

-533E+06
.1098+O7
.191E+O7

.13fE+08

.375
.375
.375

.lt5Er06

-t75

.375
.37 5
.37 5

.375
.375
-175

I 0.00 0
'10.0 0 0

22 .OOO

1.000

22.000
22.000
22.000

.37 5
.37 5
.3? 5

10.000
10-000
I 0.000
10.000
I 0.000
10.000

't0.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10. c00

'10.000

0.000
10.000
10.000
10.000

'|

t 0 -000

10.000
10.000
't 0.000
10.0 0 0

10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000

.t75

.375

IRCU

.301E+07
.413E+07

.6'l8Ei07
.382E+05

.316E+O6

.105Ef06

.6488+06

,2168+06
.377E+86

-11tE+07

.179 E+07

.367E+07
.641E+o7
.101E+08
. 149+0E

.247E+06
.127 E+ 06
.349 E+06
.7178+O6

- 59 5 +06

.122E+47
.214E+07
.3378+47
.4958+07
.691E+O7
-422E+O5
t t 6E+06

.239

E+0 6
. 417E +06

07
-'l97E +87

.658E+06

.708 El07
.112E+06

.3728rO7

.125E

.405E+07

.135Er07
.236Ef07

22.OOE

.375

. 164E'08

2? .000

.37 5

24.000

.375

. ?29E+08
. 1398+C6

.7 64ErO7
.463E+05

24 .000

-375

.3838+06
.78tE+O6

.262E+O6

-375
.375

.1378+O7

.457Er06

.721E+96
.148E+07

-547E+O7

.f288r06

.625

.?59

I .000

24 .AOO
24 .000

.375

.216E+07
.441E+07

1.250
I .500
1.750
2.000

24.000

.375

.776E+O?

.259e+O7

-122E+08
.180E+08

.600E +07

.375
.500

.625
.750
1 .000
1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625
.7SO

I .000

10 -000

l0 -000

.375
.500
.6?5

I 0.00 0

.375

.186E+0E

21.000
24.000

.500

1.250
1.500
1.?50
2.000

10.000
10.s00
10.000

.328Er07

-375

.37 5

1.500
t .750
2 .000
.250

F I{.LB/DEG

.3 75

22.000
?2.000

1.25C

ROT STI

OUTPLAI{E

.500
.625

10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000

VESSEL

STD

t8
1E

CYI.

I!IPLAN
LOIIGI

'l0.000

t0.000

.l

CALCULATION,

VESSEL

1.000

I 0.00 0

x,

STIfF

. a>u

.7 50

24 .000

24.000
24

.000

26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000

.375
.375
.375
.37 5

26 -000

.375
-375

6.00 0
6.00 0

.375
.375

6.00 0

26.000
2
2

26.000
28 .000

28.000
28.000

30.00 0
3 0 .000

30.000

.784E+06

.483Ef07

. l6'l

.8448i07
.133E|08
.196E+08

E+0 7

.281E+O7

.141ErO7
.652E+07
.911E+07

.375
.375

.972E+O6

-307E+O6

.375

50.000

.497E+O6

.235E+07

.5438f05

0.00 0

.139E+06
.?85E+06

.163E+06
.449 + 06

?8.000
?8.000
28.000
2E.000

.854Ff06
.149Et07

.503r05

.273+08

.375
.375
.375
.375

28 -000

.416+06

.8388+07

.t75

eE.000

28.000

.2 5l E +08
. 15'l E+06

.408Er07

.375
.3?5

.375
.375

.161E+07

.150E+06

.5378r06

.2 54F+07

.847r +06

.522E+07

.17 4E+07

.911e+ 07

.504E+07

.1 44 E+ 0E

.479E+O7

,211 E+0E
.295 E+06
.175E+06
.483E+06
.991 E | 06

- 705

.273e+Oz

-910E+06

.l73E+07

Fl07

.984E+O7
.584E+05
- 1618+06

r0 5
-577E+O6

- 330E

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical

Vessels

143

Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA
VESSEL

0D,fT

10.000
.000

10

10.000
10.000
't0.000

STIff

I:i:ii il:ii'
I .000
1-?50
1 .500

I .750
2.000

.00 0

'10

10.000
10.0

.500

0 0

0.000
0.030
10.006

.625

1
1

10. c0c
'10.000
10

.000

10.000
10.000
10.000
10.000

CALCULATION'

.7 50
1

.000

1.250
1.500
2. 000

.250

30.000
30.000
30.000
50 .00 0

.375
. 51>

.375

.375

32.000
32.000
32.000

.37 5

32 .00 0

3 2
3 2

,000
.000

32.000
32 .00 0

32.000
32.000
36.000
3

10.000
'l0.000
10.000

.150
1.000
1.250

3 6.00 0
3 6 .000

1G.C00

36.0c0

-375
.37 5
.37 5

-375

.375

11 .0 00

.250

2-375

.154
.154

.500

2-375

.15 4

2 -375

.15 4

'l

'l

l .000

.000
11 .000
11.000
11

11.000
-000

11

11.000

1l.0c0

.000
11.000

'11

1',| .0 00

11.000
11.000

11.000
11.000
'l1.000
11.00c
11.000
11 .00 0
1

I .000

11 .00 0

11.000
11.000

.154

2.375

1.000

2.375

.15 4

.000

?.375
2.375
2 .375

.154

.250

3.50t1

.216

.500

3
3

.216

'r

.2 50

.500

1.750
2

1't.000
11.000
'l1 .000
11.000
11 .000

36 -000

.625

{10 0

11.000
11.000

.6?5
.7 50

I .000

1.250
1.5C0
1

.750

.000

.250
.500

.625
.7 50

I .000

1.250
I .500

1.750
2.000

.37t
.500
.625

F IN'L8/DEG

INPLANE
LONGT

OUTPLANE

CIRCU

.187E+a?

.560+07
.979E+07

-326E+07
.51 5E+07

.154E+08
.227 E+08
.317E108

.7578+07
.106E+08

-624t+45

.1878+06

.172E+06
.353E+06

.1c6Er07

.195g+07

.617E+O6

.292E+07
.599E+07
.105E+08
.'t 65E+08
.213e+ 08

.200E+07
-349E+07
.S5oE+o7
.809E+07

.973E+06

.1t3E+08
.705Er05

. 339 E+0E

.399+06

zc9E+07
.330E+07
-677E+07
.11E8+08

-697E+O6

:
)j
.r '!

.'1948106

o?

.1?OE

36.fjc0
36.000

2.375

ROT STI

.583E+06

1.750
2.000

11 .000

EL

V ESS

.Z1ZE+O6

10.000
10.000

1'l .000

L.

.516E+06

6. 000

36-000
3 6.000

.500

lli:li

30.000

.500

10 .000

CY

.110E+07

.226E+07

.394ar07
-622E+O7

.187E+CE
.2 74 E+ 08

.911a+O7

-383Er0E

. '128E+08

.113Er05
.3'l 'l E+ 0 5

.37

6E

+04

.104E+05
E+0

.638 E+05

.21

.111Ei06

.372E+05

.176+06
.361+06

.586Er05

.1208.06

.210Er06

.154

.631E+06

.1 54

.146E+07

.487E+06

.995Er06

-332E+06

.154

.ZA4t+07

-68',|E+06

.1688i05

.559E+04

.500
.500

.216

.1548+05
.316+05
.553Er05

3.500

.216
.216
.216
.216
.216

-462E+05
.949E+05
.1e6E+06
.2628+ 06
.537 er06
.938E+06

.872E+O5

.218f+07

.725E+ 06

f.500

3-500
3 .500

3.500
3.500
3.500
4.500
4.500
4. 500
4. 500

4.500
4.500
4.500
.500
.500
4 .500

4
4

6.625
6 -625

6.625
6.625

.?16

.2'16

.237
.?77
.23?
.?37
.237
.237
.237
.237
.2 80

.280
.280
.280

.179t+O6

.3t3E+06

.148+07

.493E+06

.3048+ 07
.222E+05
,611 +05
. 1?5+06
.219E+46
.316E1C6
.? 10E+O6
.124E+07

.101+07

. 739 Ei0 4

.204Er05
.4'165+05

.731E +o5
.1 'l 5Ei06
.237E+O6

.4'13+06

o7

.6 5Z+06

.293E+07
.AAZEiA7
.337E+05
.929E+05

-1348+07
-112e+o5

.19

6E +

.19t E+06
.333Er06

.958E+06
.310Er05

.636r05
.1',|1 E+0 6

,.i
t

.5
t,.

lt ,l
t: \l

144

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Conlinued
ROlA STIFF

VESSEL
ICX,IN

VESSEL

OD,FT

11.000
t 1 .000
11

.000

.000
11.000
J1.000
I1

't

.000

.7 50
1

'| 1

.500
'l

10.750
10 -754

.000

2.000

't

.7 50

11 .0 00

t 1 .000

.000
11.000
11

.625
.750

11.000
11.000
11 .000
11 .000
11 .000

t1-00c

r 1 .0 00

11.000
t'l .000
11.000
1 1 .000
1't .000
11.000
1t - 000
1t .000

11.000
11.000
11-000
11.000

11.000
1t -c00
t 1 .000

11.000
11.000
11 .00 0

11.000
11.000

1
1

.000

.250
I .500
1 .750
2.000
-250
.500

.750

J.000
't

.2 50

.000

'ls -75Q

0.750
10.750
12.750

't2.750
12.750
12.750

12 -750

12.750
1?.750
12.750
12.750
12.750

?. 000

.3'l7E+06

.365
.365

.554E+06
-874E+06
.179 E+ 07
.31 1E+O7
.195E+07
.727E+O7
.102E+CE
.67 4E+05

.375
.375
.375

.131E+07
.1928+O?
.2 69 E +O7

.187E+05

.t06E+06
.1E5Elc6
.291E+O6

.5988+06
.105E+07
.1 65 E+o 7
.?42E+O7
.338E+07

.'186E+06
-3E2E+06
.666E+06

.619E+05

-t058+07

.3508+06

.216E+07
.377 E+07

.595E +a7

.87

1E + A7

.1 22E +08

-127E+ 06

.?2?E+0

.719 E+C6
.1?

6 t +O?

.1988+07
.291E+07
.4O7 E+07

.206E+06

.73EE+06

.2468+06

.239a+07

-'l16E+ 07

.388E+06
.79 6E+06

.417a+ A7

.139E+O7

.96EE+07
.135E+08
.862E+05

.323E+ o7

.237E+O6

.7 92 t+O 5
-162E1O6

4.000
4.000
14.000
'I 4.000
1 4.000

.4228+06

'I

4. 000

4.000

.658E+07

I 4.000

16-000
16 .000

t6-000
1 6.000
16.000

I 6.000
18.000
18 . J00

18.000
I 8 .000

.7 50

.1 558+06

.231E+06
.47 5E +06
. Ef 0Ef 06

't

16 .000

1.750

.2 49E+07

.393E+07
.5778+07
.806E+07
.56'tE+05

.147EtO6

.2 49E+o5
-686F+05

1.000
500

.113e+07

.17 5E+O6
.360E+06
.628E+06
.991E+06
.'l46E+O?
-203E+07
.146E+05
.409E+05
.840E+05

.7468+05

.7 50

t.

-252E+06
.4 40E+06
.694E+06

OUTPLANT
CIRCU

t4.000

16.000
16.000
't6.c00

'1.250

.365

't

14-000

't1.000
11.000
11.000
11

.750
10.750

.37

-3?2
-322
.32?

10

'l

.500
.625

.297E+a7

.437E+07
.6108+07
.4158+05
.1238+06

10 .-t 50

1.500

.750
2.000

.2E0

.322

10.750

.525E+ A6
.10E +07
.1EEE+07

.280
.260
.322

-322

.500
.7 50

.280

8.625
t 0. 75r]

.3?5

TCK,IN
STD LONGI
'NPLANE

.322

.250

VESSEL

NOZZLE ROT STI F IN.LB/DEG

-625

1-750
2.000

11.000
11

.625
8.625

.5A0

ULATION, CYL.

_625

.000

I .000
1 .25A
t .500

'11.000

8
8

1-250

11.000
11.000
11.C00

-625

6.625

.000

r1.000

.500

E.625
8 .6?5

11 ,0 00
'| 1

6.625

-250

.000

11.000
11.000
'I1.000
11.000
11.000
11.000
11.000

OO,IN

1.750
2.000

11.000
1 I .000

LC

NO22LE

.000

1.250
't

CA

18.000

.4 87E + 06

.852E+06
- 1348+Oz

.27 6a+07

.482E+07

-375
.3?5

6OEr 07

.112E+08
.

56E+ 0E

.977E+05
.2 69 E+ 06

.553E+06

.9 66E +a6
.152E+ C7

.1 4'l E+O6

.219E+tl
.450E+07
.287E+05

.284+06

.4 48E+o6
.919E+06
.1618+O7
.?53E+O7
-3?2E+o7
-5?OE+07

.326E+05
.898 E+05

.184E+06
.322E+o6

. 508E +06

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical

Vessels

145

Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STTFF CALCULATION' CYL. VESSEL
VESSEL

0DzFT

VESSEL NOZZLE
TCKTIN OD,tN

NOZZLE

TCK'IN
S

11.000

't.000
1.250
1.500

t l .000

11.000
1

.000

,1.000

18.000
.000
1 8 .000
't 8

1.750
.000

18.000
'18 -

000

1l.000

.2 50

20.000
20.000

.000

.500
.625

20 .000
20 .000

1't.000
11

11.000
11-000
11 .000

11.000
11.000

.750
I .000
1 .250
1 .500

.7tb

20.000
20.000
20.000
20 .000

2.000

11.000
't1.000

.250

20.000
20.000
22.000

11 .00 0

.500

22 -AOO
22 .00 0
22 .AAO

.000
11.000

11

11.000

.0 00

11

.000

'l

11.000

.7 50

1.000

22.000
22.000
22.000

t1.00c

1.250
't .5c0

0c

2.000

22 .COO

.37

Zr'.000

11.000
11 .0

11.000
11

.000

't1.000

l .000

't

11

.000

11.0CC

1't.000
't

'r

,000

11 .000
11 .0 00

.500
.? 50

.000
.25u
.500
.7 50

2.000

.2 50

11.000
11.000

?? .ooo

22.O00

24.400
24.000
24.000
?a.oao
24 -OOO

24.000
24.000
24 ,O00
24

000

26.000
26.000
26.000

'l 1

.500

'11.000

-7 50

26.000
26.000

. ?50

26.000

.000
11.000

.000

11.000
11 .00 0

11.000
1 1 .000

11.000
11.000
11.000

.500

.750
2.000

1'1

.00 0

11.000
11.000
11.000

11.000
't1.J00

28.000

.750
1 .000

23.0C0

1.250
'I

.5C0

1 -750
2 .OAO

.250

28.000
28.000
28.000
28.000
28.000

28.000
30.000
30.{.i00

11,000

,tic0

.500

11.0CC

-625

.7 50

11.000
'11.cti0

26.O00
26.000

.500

11,0C0
1'1

26.000

28.000

1'l .000

11.000

26.C00

,000

30.000
30.000
30,000
30.000

TD

.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
-375
-3?5
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
-375
.375
.375
-375
.375
-375
-375
.375
.3'?5
.375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
-375
.375
.375
-375
.375
.375
-375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
-375

ROT STI

F IN.L8/DEG

INPLA!,IE
LONGI
-313E +07

-5 46E+07
-86?E+07
.127E+oE
.1 77E+08
-',|09E+06
.30',1E +06
.6'l8E +06
.108E + 07

.170E+07
.3 50 E +07
.6'11+07
.963E+ 07

.142E+08
. 198

E+

08

.1?1E+46
.333E+06
,683E+06

.119E+07

OUTPLANE
CIRCU

Jo4E+az
.182E+07
-287E+07
,422E+07
.590E+07

.364105
.1008+06

.206 +06

-360+06
.568F+06
.117E+ 07

.204E+o7

.321+07

.472E+O7

.6598+07
.4038+05

.t11E+06
.228E+06

.398F+06

07
.387E+O7
- 67 5E +47

.628E+06
.1?98+A7

.1578+OE

.522E+07

.219E+08
.132E+06
.365E+46
.719E+06
.'131E+07
.286E+A7

,729E+O7
.141E +O5

.138

E +

.1078+C8

.225E+07
.355E+07

.1?2E+A6

.250F+06
.436E+06

424E+A7

.688E+06
.141E+o7

.7loE+o7

.247 E+07

.117E+08
.1 72 E | 08

.?1OEr08
.1448+06
. 397E+ 06

.814E+06

.112E+o7
.224E+07

.4608+07
.EC4E+07
.127E+O8

187E+ 08

.260E+06
.1 55ErC6

.42E+06
. E79 E+ 06

.154E+O7
.? 12E+ 07
.197E +47
-E69E+A7
. 137E+08

.202E+08
.281 E+ tl8
. 'l 67 F+ 06

.460E+06

.945+06

.3t9E+07

.5?2e+87

.799E+07
.480E+05
.'l32E +06
.2 7'l E+o 6
.47 4E+06

.718E+06
.1538+O7
.2 68E +O7
.123E+07

.62?E +07

.868+07
.518E+C5

,143+06
.293E +0 6

.512E+06

.803E+06
.166E+07
,29AE+O7

.457t+C7

.672E +a7

.938E+07
.557E+05
.153E+06
.315E+06

,165E+A7

.550+06

.2 (OE + C7

.E68F+06

.534E+07

-'178E+07

1,,

146

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued

ROI^ STIFT CALCULAIIOI,, CYL.

SSL
ICKIIN

VESSEL

11.000
11.000
11.000

1'l .000

2. 000

11.000
11.000
11.000
t

.250

t .500
1

.750

.500

l .000

11.000
1t .000
1t .000
1t .000

NOZZLE

VE

OO,FT

.625
.7 5s

1.0c0
1.250
1.500

OO'IN

30.c00

12. 000

32.000

32 .OOO
32 .00 0
32 .000
32 .000

36.00 0

11.000

'11.000
11 .000

I I .000

.000
1J.000
'| 1

t1.000

1.000

1r .000
11.ADO

'r1.000
t I .000

-375
.500

40 .000

.7 50

t.000

1.250

t. t00

I .750
2.000

12.000
12.000

-250
.375

'12.000

12.C00

12.000
12.000
12.000

.500

.625
-7 50

I .000
I .250

1.500
1.750
2.0c0
.250

.500

12.AOO

12.000

t2.000
| 2.000

.625
.7 50

I .000

12.000
12.000
12,000

1.250
1 .500

12.000
12.000
12.00c
't 2.000

-250

t2.000

t2.000

36.00 0
36.00 0
4

11.0C0

't2.000
12.000
12.000
12.000
12.000

.000

.750
2.000

0.000

40.000
40.000

.375
-375

.375
-375
-375

.375
.375

.302Er08
.179E+06
- 49ZEr06

.164Er06

.101E+ 07

.337E+06
.588E+06

.1768+07
.278E+oz
,571E +07

-333E+O7

.2028+06

.672Ero5

.556E+06

.380E{06

.664E+06
.1058+07

.375

.375
.375
-3?5

.t7

.t75
.375

.113E+08

.178+06

.2 61 E +08

.365E+08
.225E+06
. 619 E+ 06

.127e+87
.222E+07

-375

.1 26E+ 08

.375
.375

.291E+08

2.375
2.375
2.375
2.3?5
2.375
2.375
2.375
?.375
2.375
2.375

.154

3.500

.216
.216
.216
.216

.500
.500
3-500
3
3

3.500
3.500
3.500
4-500
4 .500

4.500
4. 500
4-500

.185E+06

.199E+07
.314E+07
.645E+07

.375

3. 500

.77?E+O7
.108E+08

.375

40 .00 0
40 .00 0

.r25E+O?

.1 14E+07

40.000

40.000

.19AE +A7

.998E+07
.157E+08
.231E+08
.3 23E + 08

,3508+07
.719E+07

40.000

.92E+06

.37 5

40 .00 0

.37

.375
.375

36 .000

36.000
36.000

11.0C0
t 1.000

t't .000

6.000

3
3 6

1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000

11.000

.311E+07

.722e+C7
.101 E+08
.595E+05

. >UU

.625
-750

CIRCU

.216E+08

0.000
3?.000
3

.37:

't'1.000

.934Er07

OUTPLANE

30 .000

1t.000
11.000

.37 5

N INPLANE
LONGI

.191E +o7

r't.000
,l

.250

r CK,I

STD

.147E+o8

52.000
3 2.000
32.000
56.000
36.000

1.000

NOZZLE ROT SII F IN.L8/DEG

30. 000

1.750
2.000

11.000

VESSEL

.1988+08
.4078+08

.215E+O7
-376E+07

-5938+07

.E71ErO7
.12?E+oB
.749E+0 5
.2068+O6

.424E+06
-7 40E+O6

.117e +O7
-240E+07

.419E+07
.661E+O7

.971E+07
.136E+08

.106E+05
.298 E+05

.3608+04

-154

-f56Er05

.6llE+05

.15 4

.'t07E+06
.1689r 06

-992E+04
.204E+05

-154
.154

.346E+06
.604E+06

-561E+05
.115E+06
.201 E+06

.154

.154
.154
.154
.216

.216

.216
.216
.216
.237
.237
.237
.237
-237

.9528+96

.11OE+07

.195E+07

. t6lE+05
.443E+05
.909E+05
.159E+06
-250E+06

.317E+O6

.467E+O6
.652e+D6

.536E+o1
.14EE+05
.303E+05

.529E+05
.835E+0 5

.5'l4E+06

.1718r06

.898E+06

.2998+O6

.112E+oz

.472E+O6

.208r07

.694E+06

.291E+07
.212t+ 05

.970 E+0 6
.706 E+04
.195E+05
.400 E+0 5
.700E+05

.585E+05
.120E+06
.210E | 06
.

J3t E+06

.1 10E +06

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical

Vessels

147

Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA
VESSEL

0D,ll

,090
12.000

12

't2,000
12.000
12.000
'l2.000
12.000
12.00c
1Z

1.000

1.250
1 .500
1.750
2. 000

.375

12.00c

.500

.000
12.000

2. 000

't2.000

12 .00 0

12.000
't 2.000
12.000
1?.000
12,000
'12.000

12.000
12.000
12.000
12.000
12.000
12

,000

12.000
't2.000
.000
12 .000

12

6.625
6.625
6.625
6.6?5
6.625
6.625
6.625
8.625
E.625

.250
.500

8.625

-f>u
1.000
1.250
I .500
1.750

8.625

8.625

2. 000
.37

.500

.625
-750

1.000
1.250
1.500

1.750
2.000
.250

12.000
12.000
12.000

.500

12.00 0

0. 750

10.750
10.750
1 0. 750
1 0 .750

t0.750
10. 750
't 0

.750

10.750
10

12
1?

.750

.750
.750

1?.7 50

.000
.500

.000

12.O00
1 2 .000

.500
-7 50
2

12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750

12.000

'tz.ou0
'| 2.000
12.000
12.000
't 2 .00!
12.000
12.000
12.000

6 -625

1.750

.290

.500

4.500
6.625
6.625

1.250

12.000
12. 00 c

.7 50

.000

12

4.500
4.500

.625
1

t?-000

,.. 500

.500

't2.000
t 2 .000

'14.000
14-000

4.000

14. 000
-7 50

.000
12 ,000

4.000
14.000
t 4.000

.500

12 . 000

.7 50
2. 000
.2 5A

't 4
14
,l

12

12.000
12.000
12.C00
1? -004

12.000
12.000
12

.000

VESSEL

VESSEL NOZZLE NOZZLE ROl SIIf IN.L8/DE6


TCK,IN INPLANE OUTPLANE
TCX,IN OD,IN
CTRCU
STD
LONGI

.000

12 .OOO

Sttf F CALCULAITONT CYL.

.000

.500
- 1>U

I .000

.000
.000

4.000
1 6.000
't 6.000

'16.000
16 .000

16.000
I 6.000

.237
.237
.237
.237
.237
.280
.280
.280
.2 80
,280
.2 80
.280
.280
.280
.?80
.322
.322
.322
.322
-322
-322
-32?
.322
.322
.322
-365
.365
.36,
.36'
.365
.365
.365
.365
.365
-365
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
.375
.375
-375
-375
.375
-375
.375
-375
.375
.375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-3?5

.680E+06
.119E+O7

.187E.07

.275E+07
.384E+07
.3?3E+05
.889 E +05
.133 E+06
.319E+06

.5038+06
.1c3F+07

.l80E+07

.2n58+O7
.418E+07

.584E +47

.426E+05
.118E+06
.241E+O6

.4218+06

.665t06

.22'l E+ O6
.396E+06
-621ErO6
.91EE+06

.'l28E+07
.108E+05
.?96E+05
.608E+05
.106E+06
. t d8E+06
44F +o 6

,t

.601 +06
.949E+06
.139E+07
.195E+O7
.142E+05

.3

.3929+05
.804E+05
.140E+06
.?22E+o6

. 136E+07

.4558r06

.238E+o7

.79 5E+ O6
.125E+A7
.184E+O7

.37 6E+O7
.553E+07

.7728+ol

.?57E+o7

.537E+05
.14EE+06
.304E+C6

.l0lE+06

.531+06
.837E+06
.172E+07
.300E+07

.47 4E.o7

.179E+05
,493E+05

.177E +06
-279E+O6

.573E+06

.100E+07
.1 58 F+07

.696E+07

.232E+07

.972E+O7

.324E+O?
.?15E+O5

.616E+05
.17E8+06
.3 6 5| 06
.63E Ef 06

.1o1E+07
.2o7E+O7

.361E+07

.5938+05
.122Er 06
.2'l3E+O6
.3368+0 6
.689 E+06

.t20E+07

.569E+O7

.t90Er07

.E37E+07
. 1178 + 08
.715E+05
.197E+46
.404E+06

.279E+O7

.706E+ 06

.1't1E+O7

-zz9E+07

.l90E+07

.2399+05
.656E+05

-135Ef06
.235E+06
.371E+06
.762E+06

-4OOE+07

.133E+07

.6308+07

.21OE+07

.9?6E+ 07
.'l 29Er0E

.309E+07
.431E +O7

.825E+05
.2?7E+O6

.467 E+o6
.E15+06
.129E+07
.261E+o7

.275E+05

.758Er05
.156E+06
.272E+O6

.4?9 E+06
.880E+06

t:

'i

ir\
I

il

it;

:l

iii

148

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1

Continued

SIIfF CALCULATIOII' CYL. VESSEL


NOZ ZLE ROI STIF II].L8/DEG
VESSEL NOZ2LE
T CK,I N INPLANE
ICKrIN 00rIN
OUIPLANE
STD
LONGI
CIRCU
ROTA

vssEL
0D,FT

.000
12.000

1.250

12.000
12.000
12.000

2.000
.250

12

'12.000

t .500

1.750

r2.000

.500

.625

1Z-000
'12.000

1? .00 0

12.000

.000

16.000
16.000
| 6.000
16.000
.000
.000
18.000
18.000
18
18

't8.000
r 8.000

r8.000

.000

-375

18 .000

1.500

12 .00 0
12 .000

2. 000

18.000

12.4O0

.250
.375

12 .00 0

.500

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000

2.000
'| 2.000
'r2.000
12.000
12.000
1?.000
12.000
12.00c
12.000

18

.625
1.0c0

1,250
1.500
'l

.7 50

2.000

20 .000

20.000
20.000
20.000
2

.37 5

.000

.?50

22.000

.00 0

22 .000

22 .00 0

12.000
1?.000
12.000
12.000

.500
2. 000

.375
.500
.625

12.000

12.000
12.000

12. 000

12.000
12.000
12.000
12.000

.750
I .000

1.250
1.500

.750
2.000
.250
1

12.C00

12.000
12.000
12.000
1?.000
12.000
72.DOO

12.000

.625

24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
2 4

-000

.500

26.000
26

.000

28 .000

.000
2E.000
28

.625
I .000

1.250

26.000
28.000
28

.000

28.000

1 49E

+08

.936E+05
.2 5E+06
.5 29 E+06
.9 248 +06
.146E+07

-37 5

.375

.486E{06

.105E+06
.288E106
.5928+06

.961El05

. l69E+08

.275E+o7
.564E+07
-3498+05
.197

E+o 6

.103E+07
.'163E+07

.3458+06

.585Er07

.195Er07

.3358+07

.544E+06
.1',\2e+07

.9228+07

.307E+07

.136E+08

- 452E+ O7

-631E+07
.386E+05

.116E+06
.319E+06
.654E+06
.114E+07

.106+06
.2188+06

.370E+ 07

.123Er07

.647E+07

.216E+O7
.340E+O7

. 150E+08
. ?09t + 08

.381E+06

.6018+06

.5C0 E+07

.698E+07

06

.422E+O5

.319E+ 06

.116E+06

.717E+06

.239 E+O6
.417 E+O6

.125E+07
.1988+07
.4A5E+07
.706E+07
.112E+08
.164E+0E

.658E+06
.135E+07
.236E+O7

.372ErO7
.548E+07

.2?9E+ 08

.7 65E +07

.138E+06

.459E+05
.127E+O6

.441E+07
.7 7 0E+ 07

-375

.12't

.375
.375

.149Ef06

.375

.308E+06

- 404E+O7

.2'l5E+ol

.375

.E59E+05
.17 6E+O6

.121 E+08

.330E+06
.779 E+06
-136E+07

.375

.312Er05

.996 E +0 6
.17 4E+07

.523E+07
.825E+07

- 127E

.375

.3578107
.49aE+07

.299ri07

.175
.375
.3?5
.375

6.0 00

2 6.00 0
2 6 .000

.102E+08

.000

1.?50
1 .500

.243E+O7

-375

26.000
26.000
?

.154E+O7

.72EE+07
.107E+08

.1808+07

24.OOA

26.000
26.000

't .7 50
2 .000

.37 5

21.OOO

.000

't

12.000
't2.000

24.000

.7 50
1

.250

12 .000
12 .00 0

24.OAO

26

12 .00 0

12.000
2.000

22.000
24.000
22.000
22.000
24.000

- 461Er07

.1898+08

22.000
22.000

12 .00 0

12.000

12.000

.373
.375

2?.OOO

.500

12.000

.37 5

20 .00 0

12.00 0

r2.000
12.000
12.000

.375
.375
.375
.375
.375

12.000
12.000

't

.375
.175
.375

E+ 0E

.179E]08

.2608+06
.4548+06
.716E+O6

.147E+07

.257t+07
.405E+O7

.249E+08

.595Ef 07
.8318+0?
.496E+05

.4108+06

-137E+06

-842E+06

.2El E+06

.147E+07

.490E+06

.232E+O7
.47 6E+O7

. t 59E +0 7

.a32E+07

.773E+o6

.?77E+07

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical

Vessels

149

Table 6-1
Continued
ROlA STIfF CALCULATION, CYL.
VESSEL

OD,'T

VESSEL NOZZLE NOZZLE ROT STIF IN.L8lDE6


]CKTIN INPLAN OUTPLANE
TCK,IN ODU IN
CIRCU
STO LONGI

12 .00 0
12 .00 0

1.500

'12.000

-7 50

't

28 .000

.375

.1318+08

-37t

.269F+08
.160+06

28.000
28.000

12.00c

2.000

.250

30 .000

12.000
12.000
12.000
't2.000

.500

30.00 0

't

2.00r1

3 0

'l

.000

30.000
50.000
30.000

.37

52 .000

12.040

.00

.500

1.750
.250

12.000
12.000
'12

.625

.0 00

12.000
12

.00

12

.000

12.000
.000

12.00c
12.000

.500

.500
.750
2.000

12.C00

.250

12.000
't2.000

.500

.000
t 2 .000
12 .000

.? 50

'12.00c

.625

12 .000
12 .000

12.O00
'1 2 ,000

,000

.250

.500

1,750
2. 000
.2 5A

I2.000

. 471E+ 06

.'157

2.00 0

.967E+06

.322E+O6

.266E+A7
.5 47 E+07
.956E+07

.1828+07
.3't 9 E+O7

ri

.502E+07
.739E+o7

lls

't3.000

13.000
13.000
'l3 .000

.500
.750
I .0c0

1.250
1.500
1.750
2

't3,000

.000

-2 50

13.000
13 .000

.500

13.000

. a>u

'13.000

13 .0 00

.169E +o7

32-000
32.000
32.000
J2.000
32.000
32.00c
32.000
36.000

.15'lE+08
.2728+O?.

.309+08
.193E+06

6.00 0
36.00 0

.5f2E+06

36.0C0
36 -000

.301+07

.000

,109E+07
.191E+07

36.000

6.000
36.000
36.000
3

6.00 0

,644E+0S
.177 E+06
.364E+06

.6368+06
.100F+07
.568E+07
.834E+O?

.37 5

.349E+CE

.593E106
.213E+07
.33 jE107
.689E+07

.'l

.375

2.375

.'t54
.154

2 -375

.154

.500

.103E+08

.250E+06

4C.000
r.0.000

.563E+06
.888E+06

.1708+08

-122E+07

2.375
2 .375
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500

.375

40 .000

2.375
2.375

E+ o

.?O6E+O7

,106E+08

.215E+46

2.375

.965E+O7
.5 70 E+0 5

- 618E+07

40.000

40.000
40.000

13.000
13 .000
13.000
13 .000
1 3 ,000
13 .000

.1718+07
.298E+a7
- 691e +O7

1.750
2.000

12.000
12.000

.470E+07

58E +07

.207E+08
.289E+0E
.171E+06

.?50
1 .000

'12.000

.891E+ 07
. '1418+08

.37 5
.3? 5

12 .00 0

1.250
I .500

.2t9E+07
.5128+07

40.000
40.000
40.000
40.000

12.000
12.000

.898E+07

.375

.500

12.000

.137E+07
.64JE+07
.147 E+O6
.301 E+06
.527E+06
.831E+06

-441E+06
.

30.00 0

.00 0

12

.193F+0E

-904Er06

12

12.000

.375

.000

30.000
30.000

1.250

12

30.000

.750
1 .000

12.000
12.000

12.O04

VESSEL

?0E +08

.190E+08
.2798+0E
.390E+08

.t04E+05
-286+05
.587E+05
.103E+06

.15 4

.162E+ 06
.33?E+O6

.154

.580E+06
.915E+06

-154

.15 4

.1358+07

-'l54

.188E+07
.154E+05
.425E+05
.8 73 E+ 05
.1 53E+06
.?41E+06
.494E+06

.2'l6
.216
.216
.216
.2'16

.360+07
.116E+08

.717F +05

.'198E+06
-406E+06
.709E106
.112E+O7

.230E+07
,4018+07
.633E+07
.9308+07
.'l30E+08

.346Er04
.9Sj+04
.196E+05
.342E+O5
.539E+05
.111E+05
.'193E+06
_305E+06

.4438+O6
.626E+O6

.515E+04
.142E+05

.2918+05
.509E+05
.802E+05
.165E+06

lx

it:

fl

150

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 5-1
Continued

R0IA sTIfr CALCULAIIOI{r CYL.

VESSEL tIO2ZLE TOZZLE ROT STIF II{.LB/DEG


ODrlN
TCK,IN IiIPLANE 0UTPLAI{E
rc(,Itl
C IRCU
STD
LON6I

VESSEL

OD,FT

'13.000

13.000
13.000

13.000
13.000
't3.000
13.000
13.000
13 .0 00

13.0C0

13.000
13.000

13.000
13.0C0
l3 .000
13.000

13.000
'13

.750

1.500
3.500
3.500

.250

.500

1 -250

1.500
1

2.000

.625
.750
1.000
1.250
1
1

.500

.754
2.000
.500

.0 0c

13.000
13 .0 00

11.000
13.000
13.000
13 .000
l:i

1.000

1.250
I .500
1.750
2.000
.37

13.000
15.000
13.000
t 3 .000
13.000

13.000
13.000
13.000

'tf .000
13.000
13 - 000
13 .0 00

.500

.625
.750

't3.000

'13.000

13.000

.500
.500

4.500
4.500
4.500
4 .500
4.500
4

.500

6.6?5

6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
8.62

4.625
a.625
8.625
a

.250

1. 500

.750
2.000

.375
.500

t .000

13 .000

13.C00

13.000
13.000

4.500

I .000

.625
.750
't .000
1 .250
I .500
1.750
2.000
.250
.375

13 .000
13 .00 0

.500

-625
E.625

13.000
13.000
13.000
13.000
13.000
13.000
13.000
13.000
13.000
15.000
13.000
't3.000
13.000
13.000
't3.000

3. 500

6.62t

15 .00 0
[:

VESSEL

.500

.625
1.250
1.500
1.?50
2.000

.250
.37 5

.500
.675
.7 50

1.000
I .?50

.625

8.625
a.625
8.625
10.750
10-750
10.750
10.750
10

-750

10.750
10.750
10. 750

10.750
10.750
1?.750
12.750
1?.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
't 2.750
12.750
12.?50
'12.750

14.000
14.000
'| 4.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000

.?16
.216
-216
.216
.zt7
.237
.237
.237
-237
-237
-"37
-?37
-237
.?37
.280
.280
.280
.280
.2E0
-280
.280
-280
.280
.?80
-32?
.3?Z
-322
.322
-3?2
.322
.t2?
.3?Z
.322
.322
-565
.365
.365
.365
.365
.365
.365
.365
.365
.365
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
-375
.375
-37'
-375
.375
.375

.863 +06
. I l6E+07
.20081 07

.?79E+07
.204+05

.562Ef05
.115Er06
.202Er06
.l'lEE+06

.288E+06
.454E+O6
.667e+ O6

.932Er06

.680E+04
.1 87Er05
.385+05
-672ErO5

.1 06 r0 6

.655 +06

-2'l8Er06
.380Er06

.180+07

.600E+06
-8828+06
.123E+Ol

.114er07
.265E+O7

.369E+O7
.310E+05
.854E+05
.17 5E+06
.

j06E+06

.103Er05
.285E+05

.5E5Ei05
.'102E+06

.483E+06
-992 E+06
-1?3E+07
.273E+07
.402E+o?
.561E+07

.t61E+06

.113E+06

.376Er05

.4108+05

.331

E+0 6
. 578 Ef06

.911F+06
.134F+O7
.187 E+O7
.137E+05

.2328+06

.7738+O5

.40 5E+ 06
.639E+06

.213Eio6

.131E+07
.229E+a7

.361E+07

.135E+06
.437 E+O6
.7 63ErO6

.120E+07

.531E+O7
.7 42E+O7

.1778+O7

,516E+05
.142E+O6
.?92E+06

-172E.05

.247E+O7

.474E+05

.97iE+05

.510E+ 06

.170E+06

.804106
.1658+07

.268E+06

.550E+06

. ?EEE+07

.96t E+06

.455E+07
.669 E+07
.934 E +07

.152E+O7
.223E+O7

.6 20E +05

.',l718+06
.351E106

.613+06
.967E.O6
.199E+07
.317E+o7
.5 47E+O7
.aE4E+ 07

.1128+08

.687 +05
.189E+06

.388E+06

.Jll

E+07

-2078+05
.570E+05

.1178+06
.2048+06

.662Er06
.116ErO7
.182E+O7
.268 E+07
.374E+07
.229E+O5

.631E+05
. 1 29 E+06

.679E+O6
-107E+O7

.226E+06

.384 +07

.128E+07

.220E+07

.357E+O6

.732Er06

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical Vessels

151

Table 6-1
Continued
ROIA STIFF CALCUIATI0Ne CYL.
VESSEL

OD,TT

13.000

VESSEL TIOZZLE NOZZLE ROI STIF IN.L8/DEG


TCK,IN INPLARE OUTPLANE
TCK,IN OD,IN
CIRCU
LONGI
STD
.500

13.000
13 .000
13.000

1.750

11.000

.500

,000

-z>u

't3.000
13.000

.62 5
.7 50

13 - 000
13 .000

.000

'13.000
13

.500

.000

1f.000

.7 50

.000
.000
'| 3 .000
13 .000
13 .000
1J .000

2. 000

13.0C0
13.0 0 0

13

13

13 .00 0

13.000
13.000
13 .000
13

't 3

13.000
13 .000

13.000

1.250
I-500
2. 000

.500
.625
.7 50

,000
1.?50
1.500
1

1.7r0
2.000

.500

r3,000
'13.000

I .000

13 .000

.000
13.000

13.000
13
't

't4.000
't 6.000
16.000
'l6.000
16.000
16.000
1 6.000
't 6.000
16.000
I 6.000
't6.000
18.000
,000
1E.000
8

13.000
13.000
.000

.000

.000

13 .000

15

.7 50

.000
.000

4.000

18.tto0
1 8.000

.625

.000

13.000
13.000

13.000
13

1.250
.500

1.750
.000

.000

8.000
18.000
18.000
16.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20,000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000

't

20-000
20 .000

22.000
2 2.000
22.000
22.000
22 -OOO
22.OOO
22 .000

22.000
z2 -aoo

22.000

24 -OOO

3. 000

tt.000

.500

1f. 000

,625

24.000
24.000
24.000

.7 50

?4.AOO

.000

24

13.000

13.000

13.000
l3 .000
13.000
15.000
'13.000

't.250
I .500

1.750
2

13.000
11.000

.000
.500

t3.000
1J.000

.7 50

.000

13.0C0

.000
13.000

1-5C0

1.250

.000

24.000
24.000
21 .OOO

24.000
26

13.0C0

13

VESSEL

.000

26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26 .000

26.000
26.000

.375 .60 5E + 07
.375 .890 + 07
-375 ,124E+ 08
.375 .791E+05
.375 .218 E+06
.375 .448E+06
.375 .783E+06
.375 .1?4E +o7
.375 .?54E+O?
.375 .4t 3E+07
.375 .699a+C7
.375 .103E+08
.375 . 143E]08
.375 .8998+05
.375 .? 4EE+06
-3?5 .508E+06
.375 .EE8E+06
.375 .1 40 F+ 07
.375 .288E+ 07
-375 .502E+07
.375 .793E+ 07
-375 .117E+0E
.375 .1d3E+0E
.375 .1008+06
.375 .?77E+06
.375 .569E+06
.375 .993+06
.375 .157E+O7
'12?F +l\7
"7<
-375 -562E+O7
.375 .8E6E+07
.375 .1 30 E+08
.375 .182E+08
.375 .1118+06
.375 .306E+06
.375 .629E +06
.375 . t 10Ei07
.375 .173E+ D7
-375 .3 56 E+07
.375 .621E+o7
.375 .980 E+0 7
.375 .',144E+08
.375 .201 E+oE
.375 .122E+O6
.37t .3358+06
.375 .639Er06
.375 .120E+O7
.375 .190E+ol
.375 .390E+07
,375 .681E+07
.375 .107E+08
.375 .t 58E+08
.375 .220+08
.375 .1328+06
.375 .3658+06
.375 .749E+O6
-375 .',131E+O7
.375 .206E+07
-375 .4248+07
.375 .7 40E+A7
.375 .117E+08
E

.?D2E+O7

.297E+Oz

.414E+Ol
-2648+05

.728Er05
.149E+O6
.2 6'l E+ O6

.412E+0 6
.E46E+06
.148E+02
.233E+O7

,t

.343E+O7
.478E+O7

.300+05
.8268+05
.169E+06
.296E+06
.467E+O6

.959E+06
.167 E+Of
.2 64E+oz
. f88E +07
-542E+07
.33 5E +0 5

,9 23E+o,
.1 90E+06

.331E+06

.5?28.06

.107E+07
.1878+07

.295Ei07

.4348+D7

.606E+07
.370E+05
.102E+06
.210E+06
,366E+06
.577E+06

.1 19 E +07

.?a7E+07
.3278+07
.480E+07
.67OE+07
.406E+05
-'l1?E+o6
.230E+06

.401E+06
-633E+06

.130E+07
-227E+O7

.358E+07
.526E+07
.735E+O7
-44JE+05

.122E+06
.250E+06
_436E]06
.688E+06

.141E+07
.217 E +07

.389E+07

i{

.,1

itr\

.,|\

|4

,)

itt

152

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STIFF CALCULATIOTI, CYL. VESSL
VESSEL

vE

OD,FT

TC

13

.000

13.000

ssEL

1.750
2.000

13 .0 00

13.000

.37 5

13 .0 c0

.500
.625

.7 50

'|

3.000

t.000

13.000

1-000

15.0C0

1.?50

13.000
13.000

1.750
2.000

13.000

t3.000

'1.500

.250

15.000
.500

13 .0 00

13.000
13.000
13.000

r3.000
13.C00

r3.000
13.000

.625

13

.000

13.000
't3.000

.5C0

.625
1.0c0

t.25D
I .500
1.750
2 .000

.t75

.500

13.000

.625
.750

13.000

13.000

13.000
13.000

13.000
13.000
13.000
13.000
l3 .000
13 .0 00

13.000
13.000
13.000
13.000

13.000
13.000

I .000

1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.500

.625
.750
1.000
1 .250
1 .500
1.750
2-0c0
-?50
.37

13

.500

13.C00

.000

1.000

13 .000

'1

13.000

1t.0c0

28. 000

- 143E106

28.000
26.000
28.000
28.000

.7 50

. t00
1.750
2.000

OE

.240+08

.t94e+O6

OUTPLA
C

IRCU

.572E+O7

.799E+Ol
.477E+05

.?238+07

.15',lE+06
.270E+O6
- 471ErO6
.743E+O6

.375
.s75

.153Ef07

.2668+O7
.4?OE+07

2E.000

.37t

.4 58E + 07
.799 E+07
.'126+08

.00 0

-3? 5

.259E+0E

28 .000

28.000
28.000
2E

.375
.375

.!75

30.00 0

.375
.375
.375
.375

30.00 0

.375

30.000
30.000
30.000

.5r>

.375
.375
.375

30.00 0

32.000
32.000
32.000
32.000
32.000
32 .000

52.000

32 .00 0

32.O0D

32.000
3 6.000

36.00 0
36.00 0
36.00 0

36.000

.375
.375
.375
.375
.37 5
.37 5

.375
.37

36.000
36.000

.375

36.00 0
36.00 0

40.000
40.000
40.000

40 .00 0
40 - 000

40.000
40.000
40.000
40 .000

40.000

4E.00 0

4E.000

48.000
48.000
48.000
46.000
48.000
48.000
48.000

.809 Er 06

.141Er07

.lE5E+08
.

t 54E+06

.4?3E+06
.869 E r 06
.152e+O7
.239E+A7
-492E+07

.375
.375

.375

.s75
-375

.51?E+05

.141E+06
.2908+06
.506 E+06
.798E f06
.164E+O7

.286E+07

- 199 E+08

.664E+07
.927E+o?

.lf5E+08

.4 52 E+O7
.5 47E+0

.t5tE+06

06

.3'l0E+06

-1628+07
.?56E+07

.541E+06
.E53E+06

.9 29

E+

.5?6E +07

.91E8+07
.145E+08
.213E+08
.297 E+08
.185E+C6
.511E+06
.105E+07

.1838+07

.175Er07
.3068t07

.483E+07
.710 E+O7

.991Er07
.d18E+05
.170E+06

.350E+06
.611E+06

.289E+07

.9648+06

.591E+07
.1048+08

.t

.346Er07

- t 64E+0E
.2 40E +0E

.545E+07

.336Er08

.112Er08

9EEr07

.E02r07

.?07E+06

.6E9 E +05

.117 E+07

.190E+06
.390E+06

.570E+06
.2048+07
.3228+ 07
-662E+07
.

.375
.375

.618E+07
E63Ei07

.659E+07
.276E+08
-1648+C6
.453E+06

I6.000

4E.000

't5.000
't3.000
13.000

TCK.IN II'|PLANE
STD
LON6I
.17?E

30.000
50.000
30.000

.375

NOZZLE ROT STl F IN.L8/DEG

6.000
26.000

1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000

1.000

30.000

13.000

15.000
13.000
15.000

OD,I

.7 50

13.0C0

13.000
13.000
13.000
13.000
13.000
15.000
13.000

0t z LE

K,I I,I

1 16

E+08

.68tE+06
.107E+07
.?21E+07
.385 E+0 7

.'l82E108

.608Er07

.268E+08
.374E+08
.249 E+ 06
.687E+06

.893E+07

.141E+07

.375

.246E+07
.389 a+07
.7988+ 07

.375

. 1J9E+08

.220E+08
.323E+ oE
.451E+0E

.'l ?5E+08
.831E+0 5
.?29E+o5
.470E+06
.821E+06

.130E+07
.?668+O7
-4648107

.733E +07

.1088108
.1 508+08

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical Vessels


Table 6-l
Continued
ROTA

0DrfT

VESSEL
TC K,IN

.000

-250

VESSEL

14

4.000
14.000
14.000
't

14.0CC

14.000
14. 000

't4.000
't4.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.600
14.000
14,000
t 4 .000

14.000
'|

STIfF CALCULAIIOI'1, CYL.

4.O00

14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
't4-000

.500
.625
1.000
1-258
1.5C0

1.750

z. 000

NOZZLE

0D,I

2.375

2.375
?.375
z

.375

?.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
f.500
3

.500

.500

3.500

.000

3.500
1.500

't

.2 50

.625

3.500

.500

.000

14.000
't4.000
14.000
r4
14

.000
.000

14.000

.490Er05

.216
.216

.2328+O6
.176E+06
.E32+06
.'131E+o7

.7738+05

.269

.8988+06

.216
.?16

.193+07

E+ 07
. 'l97E+ 05

.281

E+0 5

.159E+06
.277a +O6
.437E+06
.643E+06
.655E+04

.28 0

.1678+07

.557E+06

.2638 + 07
.387E+0?
.541E+07

.129 E+07

6.625

-2E0
- z6u
.2E0

. I 09 E+06

.363E+05

.625

-322
-3?2

.322

.7 14 E+05
.'130E+06

8 -625

.223E+06
.390E+06
.615E106

1.250
1.500

8.625

.322

.2218+07

2.000

I .625

8.6?5
'| 0.750
10.750
10.750
1 0.750
10.750
10.750
10.750

.322
-322

.500
.500

6.625

6.625

.50b

6.6?5

6.525
6.625
6.625

1.000
1.250
1. 500
1

.750

2. 000

.375
.500

.62'

11

14

.117E+ 06

.9E48+05

.6?5

14-000

14.000
't4.000
14.000

. ?16

.137E+05

.27 4E+O5

4
4

4.000

.842E+05

.E23E+05
.169E+06
.295E+A6
.466E+06
.956E+06

2. 000

-?16

49 E+0 5

.4t08.05

.119E+O7
.996 E +04

1.750

.000
t 4 .000

I 4.000

.l

.2't6

.3568+07

14.000

14.000

-216

.?108+06

4.500

14.000
'r4.000
14.000
14.000

.181E+07

06

.629E+06
.1 10f+07
.173E+07
.255E+07

1.500

.0AA
14.0C0

.154

4E +

.237
.237
.237

14.000
14.000
14.000

.432E+0{i
.6O3ErO6
.496E+O4

.500

.250

t4.000

.29

.130E+07

.154
.154
.154

.9888+05

.64E E +05
.102E +C6

'|

14.000
14.000
14.000

.EE?E+06

.154

.194E+06

14,C00
I 4.00 0

4.00 0

.156E+06
.320E+06
.559E+46

.9'18+04
.189E+05
-329E+05
.5?0E+05
-107E+46
.1E6E+06

.237

4.500

'|

.15 4

.1818+05

4.500

.750

14.000
'| 4.000
14.000
14.000

.333E+04

.?76a+O5
.5668 | A5

.542F+05

1.000

14

.1 00E+05

.'t54

.237

.375
.500

14.000

.000

.154

4.500
4.500

4. 500
4 .500

14

ZLE ROT STIF IN.L8/DEG


TCK,IN INPLANE OUIPLANE
CIRCU
STD
LONGI

NOZ

-216

1.750
.000

VESSEL

.000

.250
.500
-625

t .000

1.250
1.500

1.750
2.000
.500

-237

.280
.280
.280
.280

.5 65
.3 65

.365

0. 750

10. 750

.306+06

.299E+i5

.3958+05

.1268r07

.318E +07

.5'128+07
.715E+ 07

.497E+85

.'l37E+06
.281E+06
.491E+06
.7 7 5E+ A6

,365

10.750
12.750
1? .750

.1118+06

.159E+07
.?7EE+ol

.3 66E+

,5788+06
.850E106

.561Er05
.155E+06
.319Er06
.678+06
.tE0E+07
.132E+0

.205E+06
.421 +0 6
.736E+96
.116E+O7
.171E+07
.238E+07
.166E+05
.457 E+05
.937E+05
.164E+06
.258E+06
.530E+06
.926E+O6

.438E+07
.6 45E+07

.146E+07
.215E107

.596E+05
.165E+06
.336E+06

.199E+05

.9008+07

.375

.371E+Os

.300E+07
. 549+0 5

-113E+06

154

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA
VESSEL

OD'F1

14

.000

14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000

t4.000
14.000

14.0C0

14.000
| 4.00 0
I 4.00 0

14.000
14.000
14.000

14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
I 1.000
t 4.000
t 4.000
14.000
14 .000

.625
.750
I .000
1.250
1

.500

1. ?50

2.000
-250
.625
.750
1.000

1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000

14

.000

| 4.000

14.000
14.000
'l4.000
I 4.000
14.000
14.000

14.000
t 4.000
14.000
14,000
14.000
14.000
't4.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
't 4.000
14.000

14.0C0

16

.625
1.000
1-?50
I .500

.000

1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.250
. 500

.625

.750
1.000
1

14.000
t 4.000
I 4.000
14.000
14.000
14.000

.500

.375

'1

14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
11.000

t 4 .000

.2to

74.OOO
14 .000

12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
1?.750
I 4.000

t 4 .000
16 .000

1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625
.750

14.000

CALCULATIOI,IT CYL. VESSEL

VESSEL NOZZ LE
TCXTIN 0D,Itl

r4.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000

14.000

STIfF

.250

I .500

1.750
2.000

.250

.375
.500
.625

.5918+06

.197E+O6

.932 E+06
.191E+O7

.311E+06
.638e+06

.375

.3J4+07
.527E+07

-111E+07
.176E+O7

.375
.375
.375
.375
.t7 5

.37t

.375
-375

.375
.375
.375

.7

75E

07

.'l0E+08
.662E+05
.182E+06
.3? 4E+06
.654E+06

. t 05E r07
.21?E+07

.370Ei07

.375
.375
.375

.000

.375

1E.000

.375
.375

'l 6

18.000
18.000

.608 Er05

.125E+06
-21EE+06

.3448r06
-706E+O6

.123E+O7

.194E+07
.?E6E+07

.7 558+06

.37 5

.221Ero5

.8 58 E+07
. t 20E+ 08
.764E+05

-375

.375

.258E+07
.361E+07

.583E+07

.2108+06
.432E+06

16.000
1 6.000
16.000
16.000
'| 6.000
I 6.000

IRCU

.375
.375

.37 5

.119E+07
.2 448+07

.399E+07
.255E+05
.70?E+05
-1418+46

.25?E+O 6

.397E+O6

.8'l5E+06

.427e+O7

.142E+O7

4E+07

.225E+O7

. (r7

.990E+07
.138E+08

.866Ei05

.239 t +06
.490E+06

.330Ero7

.461E+o7
.289E+05
.796 E+C 5
.163E+06
.2E5E+06

.37 5

.8t6E+06

.37 5

.135E+o?
.277E+07

.16'l

18.000
18.000

.375

-484E+07
.7 64E+O7

.112+08

16 -000
20 .000
20 .000

.37 5

.157E+08

.375

.96E

.375

.2c7a+ B6
.548E+06

.37 4E+07
.523E+O7
.3238+O5
.890E+05

IS-000
16.000
18.000
'18.000

20.000
20.000
20.000
2

.000

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000

22.000
22.000

1.250
'l .50c
1-750
2.000

.375

.500

1.000

LON6I

000

2? .000
22 .000

.625

STD

16.000

-750

.37 5

I{OZZLE RO' STI F I}I.18/DEG


ICK,I N INPLANE OUTPLANE

.37 5

.375
.375

E +

05

.957E+06
.151E+07
.310E+07
.5 41E+07
.854E+07
.126E | 08

.l

.375

22 - 000

22.000

.924E+O6
E+O?

.255E+07

.183E+06
.519E+06
.503E+06

-10f8+07

.180+07
.265E+07
.41E E +0 7

?5E+08

.5848+07

107F106
.295E+06

.357E+05
.984E+05

06

.2OZE+Oa

.37 5

.450E|06

- 606E

.106E+07

.3538i06

.'l67E+07
.343E+07

56E+

06

.114E+07

22 -OOO

.37 5

.599Ei07

.?00Er07

22 .0C 0
22 .000

.37 5

.9 44E+ 07

.315E+O7

.375

.139E+08

.000

.375

22.000
24

24.000
2 4
2

.000

4.000

.37 5

.315

.t94E+0E
.1 17 E+o6

.323+06
.6648+e6
.116E+07

.463E+07
.616E+07
.5918+05
.108E+06
.221E+O6

.386E+06

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical

Vessels

155

Table 6-1

Conlinued
ROTA STIFF CALCULATIONT
OD,FT

VESSEL NOZZLE
TCKrItl OD,IN

.000

.7 50

vssEL

14

14.000
14.0C0

4.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
I 4.000
14,000

.000

1.254
't.500
1.750
2. 000

.500

.625

14.000

14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
't4.000
4.00 0
.000
'l 4 .000

'I

.7 50

1.000

1.250
1

.500

1.750
2. 000

14

14.000
14.000
14.000
t /, .000

14.000
't4.000
14.000
14

.500

.625
I .000
'l -?50

1 .500
1

.750

2.000

. ?50

.375

.000

14.000
'14.000

14.000
14-000
14 .000

14.000
t 4 .000

28 -000

2E.000
28 .000

28.000
28.000
28.000
28.000

30.00 0

30.000
30.000
30.000

30.000
30,000

30.00 0
30.00 0

.t75

f2.000

.500

.625

.500

1.750
2.000
.250

.375
.500
.6?5

'l

.750
.000

32.000
32.000
32.000
32.000
32.000
32.000
32.000
32.00c
32.000
36.000
36.000
3 6.000
36.000
36.00c
36 .00 0

2. 000

36.000
36.000
36.000
36.000

.500

40.000
40.000

.7 50

40.000

I .500

1.750

.000

'14,000

11.000

28.000

2. 000

14.000
t 4 .00c

.000

30 .00 0

14 .0 00

'l 4

28.000

1.250
1.500

I .000

'l .000
'I .2 50

14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
't 4.000
14.0c0
t 4.000

26.U00

l0 .000

14.o00
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000

I 4 .000

24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
26.000
?6.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000

.7 50

t 4.000
I 4.000

14.000
14.000

24 .000

28

't4.000
't 4.000
14 .000

24.000

.64>

40 .000

40 .000

NOZZL

TCK'IN
STD

CYL.

VESSEL

ROT

STIF IN.L8/OEG

INPLANE
LOTIGI

.1838+07
.37'
.375 .375E+07
.375 .656E+0?
.375 .'103E+08
-3?5 .152E+08
.375 .2',12E+08
.375 . 128E+06
.375 .551E+06
.375 -7?2Eta6
.375 .1?6E+O7
-375 .'1998+07
.375 .408[+07
.375 -7'l3E+O7
.375 . '1 12s+08
.3?5 -1659+08
.375 .231 E+08
.375 .13E+06
.375 .380E+06
.375 .779E+O6
.375 .136E+07
.375 .2158ra7
.375 .4418+07
.3?5 .770E+47
.375 .1?2E+08
.3?5 .1798+08
-375 .249E+08
.375 .'l18E+06
.37t '408E+06
.375 .637E +06
.375 .146Et07
.375 .231E+O7
.375 .47 4E+A?
.375 .AZ7E+Ol
.3'15 .131E+08
.375 .192E+OB
.3?5 .268E+0E
06
.375 .1 58E++06
.375 .4368
.3?5 .695E+06
07
.3?5 -'156E++O7
.3?5 .?47E
-375 - 506Er07
.3?5 -8858t07
.375 .140E+08
.375 .205E+08
-375 .286E+08
.375 .179E+06
.375 .493E+06
.375 .101 E+07
.175 .177E+o7
.375 .279E+07
.375 .57?E+o7
.375 .999E+07
.375 .'t 5EE+ 08
.375 '232E+08
.3?5 .3 24E + 08
.375 .199+06
.375 .549E+06
.373 .113E+07
.375 .197 s+o7
.375 .311E+07

OUTPLANE
CIRCU

-610E+06

.125E +o?
-219 E+07

.345E+07
.507E+07
.708E+07
.425E+05
-117E+06

.Z1j

E+O6

.420 E+0r5
.663E+06
.136E+0 7

.238+07
.375ErO7
.551E+07
-7708+A7
.459E+05

.j27E+06

.260E +0 6
- 45 4E +O6

-7168+06

-14?E +O7

lir
:t

t|j

ils

'{l

.ZS7E+47

.4o58+o7
.595E+07
.831E+07
.493E+05
.'1368+06

i!

.2798+06

.488E.06

.769 E +06
.

588 +02

-276E+O7
-435e+O7
-640E+O7

.89fE+07
.jAEE+05
.145+06
.29EE+O6

,521F+06
.8228+06
.169E +Oz

.295E+07
.465E+07
-684E+07

.9558+07
.596E+05

.164+06
.33?E+06
.589E+06
.929E+06
.19',l E+07
.

i33E+07

.525E+07
.772E+O7

.'t08+08
,664E+05
.'183E+06

.3t6E+86
.656E+06

.104E+07

,\

156

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Contlnued
ROTA STTfF CALCULATION, CYL. VESSEL
VESSFL

VESSEL

lcKrIN

OD,FI

14.000
14.000
I 4.000

t .500
1

2.000

14.000

.2 50
.37 5

.500

.625
.750
1.000
1.2t0
1.500

'15.000

.250

15.000
15
ir

lt
1

5.000

r5.000
15.000
1

5.000

15.000

5.000
I 5.000
't 5.000
15.000
't 5.000
15.000
15.000
1

tl

.500

.000

.625

I 5.000
't

.750

14.0C 0

14.000
't4.000
I 4.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000

q;

.000

.250

15-000
t 5 .000

15.000
15.000
'l

I .000

1.250
I .500

.758
2.000
1

.375
.500
. ?50

1.000

1.250
1.500
2.000

.250
.375

5.00 0

15

.000

15.000
1 5.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
I 5.000
15.000
15.000
I 5.000
15.000
t 5.000
15.000
I 5.000
15.00 0

15.000
't5.000
I 5.000
I 5.000

15.000

.500

.625
1

.000

1.250
1.500
2.000

.250
.37 5

.500
.625
.7 50

1.000

1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.2 50

t 5 .000

15.000
15.000

N0zeLe

NOZZLE ROT STI F II{.LB/DEG

OD,IN

.638E+07

40 .000

40.000
40.000
40.000
40.000
48.000

- 11'l E+C8

48 .000

48.000
46.000
48.000

{8.000
48.000

.375

-?13E +O7

.3718+O?

.1?6E+08
.2 58Er 08

.586r+07

-21OE+06

.8 0l Er05

.662E+o5
.1f,6E+07
.237E+07

-221e+O6

.36'l E+08

.t7t

OUTPLAI{E
CIRCU

.3? 4e+07
.7 69E+07

.861E107

.120Ef08

,4 53 E+0 6

.791E+O6

.125Er07
.256E+O7

.000

.375
.375

.212E+08

.706Er07

48 .00 0

.37 5

.311 E+08

.104E10E

48.000

.375

.435+08

2.375
2.375
?.375
2.375
2-375
2.375
2.375
?.375
2.375
2.375
3.500

.151

.9 668+04

.3?2E+O4

.500
3 .500

.?16

5.500
3.500
5.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500

-216

4E

4. 500
4

.500

4.500
4.500
4.500

4. 500

4.500

.500
4. 500
4-500
4

6.625

6.625
6.625
6.625
6 .625
6.625
6

-6?5

6.625
6.625
a.625
6

.625

CK,IN INPLANE
STD
LO}JGI

-62>

.625

.1 34E+08

-418E+O?

.'l

45

Fro8

.154

.?66E +05

.151

.546r05

.887E+04
.1E28+05

.,t 54

.955E+05
.151E+06

.3t8E+05

.309E.06

.502E+05

.15 4

.154
.154

.540E+06
.8 52 E+ 06

-1808+06
.2848+06

.154

-1?5E+07

.154

.154
-2't6
.216

.175e+07

.479E+O4

.396+ 05
.813E+05

.13?E+os

.1l?E+06

.473E+O5
.7 47E+05

06

.153E+06

.803E+06

.268E+06
.422E+06

.1278+ 07

.23?
.237
.237
.237

. 460E

.1E6+07

.8 67 E +06

. l908+05

.633E+04

-523E+05

.17 4E+A5
.358E+05

.107+06
.l8EE+06
.296E+06
.60EE+06

. t06+07
.1 67 E +O7
.2 468+07
.3 44E+ 07

.2898+05
.795r + 05

.2EO

.450 E+06

.1 63E+ 06

.285+06
.924E+ 06

.2E0

.161E+07
.255E+07

.2 E0

.37 4E+07

.280
.322

.t22

,322
.3??

.621Er06

07

.260E

.280
.?80
.280
.280
.28 0

.271E+05

.2248+06

-716

.23?
.237
.?3?

117E+O6

.583E+06

.144E+ 05

.216
.216
.216

.216
.216

.103E+06

.522e+07

.3E1+05
.105E+06
.216E+06
.377 E+06

.626E+O5

.987E+05
.203E+06
.354E+06

,558Er06
.621E+06
.115e+O7
.9 62E+04
-265E+O5
.544E+O5

.951Er05

.150+06
.308E+06
.538E+06
.848E+06
-125E+07
.174E+07
.127E+05
-350E+05
.719E+O5
.1?6E +06

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical Vessels

'157

Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STIFF
VESSEL

OD,FT

VESSEI
ICKTIN

15.000
15.000
15.000

15.000
15.000
15.000
15.000

NOZZLE

0D,IN

.625

.625

.500

a.625

8.625

.250

5.000
15.000
.000
.000
l5 .000

ALC

.750
.000

't

't 5
15

.7 50

.000

8.675
.750
10.750

.2 to

10

.500

1A.750

.62'
,7 50

10.750

'10.750

10.750

t5.000

.000
1.250
1.500
'l .750
2. 000

10

15.000

.250

'15.000

.500

.000

15

15 .000

I t .000

'15.000

15.000
15.000
J5.000
15.000
15.000

0 .750
I 0. 750
'1o.750

.750
12.750
12 .750
12.750
12 .750

.7 50

12 -750

1.500

'12.750

.0c0

12.750
12 .750

2. 000

12.750
12.750

15.000
15.000

.500

14.000
1/,.000

.000

.000
.250
.500

.000

15

15.000
15.008
15.000

1.750
.250

15.000
15.000
t 5.000
15.000

.7 50

.7 50

2-000

.0C0
'15.000

.250

15.000
1s-0c0

.500

15

15
't 5

.000

15.000
15.000
15

.? 50

.000

15.000

.000

.000

't.?50
1.500
1.750
2

'15.000

.000

.000
.000

.625
.7 50

15.000
15.000

.000

't5.0c0
t 5.000
15.000

1,258
1

.750

'l

.000

.000
1 5 .000
I 5 .000
15.000
15.000
15.000
5

'I

.500

.000

,000

14.000
I 4. 000

14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
16

.000

16.000
16.000
I

.000

16.000
1 6.000
16.000
1 6.000
16.000
1 6.000

.000
18.0C0
1

15.000
15
15

'15.000
15

'14

t8-000
18.000
't 8.000
13 .000
16

.000

18.000
18.000
't 8.000
20.000
20 .000

.500
.750

20.000
20.o00
20 .008

ULATI0N'

CYL

VESSEL

'

NO?ZLE ROT STIf IN.LB/DEG

TCK,IN INPLANF
LONGI
STD

.322
.322
.322
-322
.322
.322
.365
-365
.36'
.3 65
.365
.365
.365
.365
.365
.36 5
.375
.3?5
.375
.375
.375
-375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
-375
.375
.375
-375
-375
-3_tj
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
-375
.375
.375
.3?5
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.3?5
.375
.375
.3tj
.375

.595E+06
.1228 +O7
.213E+o7
.336E+07
.494E+07
.690E+07
.4 80E + 05
.13?E+O6

.272E+A6
.475E+ 06

.7 49E+O6
.154E+O7

.268E+07

.4248+07

-623E +O7

.869E+07
.578E+05
.159E+06
.32? E+ 06
.5?1E+ 06

.900E+06
.16

5 E+

07

.323E+a7
.5C9E+07

.7198+07
.105E+08
.639E+05
.17 6E+06

OUTPLANI
CIRCU

.198E+06
.407F+06
.711E+O6

.1'l

?E+O 7

.'165E+07
.238E+O7

.160E+05
- 4 41E +O5

.906+05

.'t5EE+06

.25OElo6
.512E

O6

.895E+06
.'11'lE+O7

.208E+07
.290E+07
.193E+05
.530E+05

.t09E+06

.190E+06
.300E+06
.616E+06
.108E+07

.250E+07
.34EE+07
.2't 3E+0 5
-587E+05
.1?1E+O6

.632E+06
.996E+06
.205E+07
.357E+07
-564E+07

.2'l1E+O6

.116E+08
.738 + 05
-203E+06
.417 E+o6
.7 Z9E+O6

.115F+07
.236E+O7

.4138+07

.65'l

E+D?

-957E+07

.1J4E108

.837E+05
.231E+06
.4738+ 06

.827Ei 06
.130 E +0 7
.21EE+07

.332E+0 6

.682E+06

.119E +o?

.188E+07
.27 6E+07
.386E+07
-216E+O5

.678E+05
.119 E+06
.?43e+O6

.3838+06
.787E+06

.138+07
.217 E+07

.319E+07
.4 4tE+01
-?79E+05
.769E+05
.158E+06
.?7 6E+o6
.435E+06

.893]06

.738E+O7

.156E+07
-216E+07

.1oEE+08

.362E+O7

.4688+07
.

51E108

.505E+07

.936E+05
.258E+06
.529E+06

.t1?E+O5

.146E+07

.486+06

.925!+06

,l

i:
"l

t\

.170E +A7

.3 62 Ei 06

.829E+07

.859E+05
.17 6a+06
.308E+06

r{

158

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
R0TA SIIFF CALCULATIOIte CYL.

vEssL

VESSEL

TC(rIN

0DrFT

15.000

r5.000
15

.000

15.000
15.000

t -000

.?50
1.500
1

1.750
2.000

15.000

.2 50
.37 5

15.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
15 .0

00

.500

.625
.7 50
1

.000

15.000
15.000

1.254
1 .500
1.750
?.000
.250

5.00 0

.37
. 500
'

15.000
15.000
15.C00

r5.000
1

15.000
15.000
t 5.000
I 5.000
I 5.00 0

15.000
15.000
15.000
15.000

t5.000
1 5,000
15.000
I 5.000
15.000
15.000
15.000

15.000

t5.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
| 5.000
t 5 .000

'15.000
15 .000

15.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
,|
5.000
15 .0

00

5.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
't

I 5.00 0

15.000
15.000
'15

.000

.625
.750

.000

1.250
I .500
1.750
2.000
. ?50

.500
-625

.7 50

1.000

.250
I .500
1.759
2.000
.250
1

.t75

.500

.625
.7 to
't .000
1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.625
.75A
1.000
1.250

t.5c0

1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625
.750
1.000

l{oztLE
0D,IN

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
22.000
??.000

.ooo
22.000
22.000
z2-ooo
z2

VESSEL

OZZL ROT STI F II{. LB/

lcKelt{ INPLANE
STD
LON6I
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375

.375
.375
.375

.299+07
.52tE+ 07
.825 E+07
.1 2l E+08
.169 E+0E
.103E+06
.285E+06
.565E+06
.102E+ 07

-37 5

.134E+08

22.OOO
24 .00 0
24.OOO

-375

, I E7E+ 0E

.375
.375

.312E+06

26 -OOO

26.000
28.000
28 .000

28.000
28.000
28.000
2E.000
2E .000
?E.000

28.000
28,000
30.000
30 .00 0

30.000
30.000

30 .000

30.00 0

.3?5
.37 5

.375
.375
.3?5

.375

.37'

.375
.375
.37 5

.3?5
-375

.175
.375
.375

.375
.375
-375

.375
.37 5

.6348.07
.999E+07

.147Er08
- ?05 E+08

. 12f,Ef 05

.340+06
.192E+O7
.39

4E +O7

.214E+O6
.373 E+06

.5E9Ef06
.721E+O7
. zl t E+q7
.333 E +07
.490E +07
.684E +07

.4llE+05
.t13Er06

.23OE+O7
-362E+O7

.1 60E+0E
.2?3E+08
.133E+06

.532E+O7

.109Er08

.367E +06
.7538+ 06

.132E+07
.20EE+0?
.426E+o?
44E+0?

.t75

.141El07

.173Ef06
.241E+A8

.375

.223E+07
.4588+07
.799E+07

.37 5
-375

-624E+O7

.578 E +0 5
. t 048+06

.689E+07

.394+06

.000

.19f,E+07
.J04E+07
.447E+07

.232e+O5

.375
.375

.375
.375

.19 5e+06

.541Er06

.406E+06
.6408+05
.131E+07

. t 43E+ 06

-375

.950E+05

.122t+O7

-375

-375

-345E+05

.697E+06

.117E+08

.375
.375
.375
.375

32.000
5 2.000

.641 E+06
.112E+O7
.17?t+ 07
. 363 8.0 7

-375
-375

30.000
30.000
30.000
30.000
3 2.000
32.000
52.000
32

.1 13E+06

.?

.t75

.275E+07
.404ErO7
.565E+07

.538E+06

.5788+07
.9'l 2 E+ 07

24.000
24.000
24.000
2 4.000
24,000
24.000
24.000
2 4.000
2 6.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000

r0 6

-110E+07

-375

.375

.17 4E+O7

.1 61 E+07

.375

22 .000

.998

.331e+O7

?2.000

22.OOO

DEG

0UTPLANE
CIRCU

.809 E+06

.126E+0E
.185E+06
.2 59E+ 08

.714E+07
.444E+05
.122e+O6
-251E+06
.438 E+06
.692E+06
.1 42E +0 7

.248e+o?
.391E+07
.575e+07
.803 Er 0 7
.477E+O5
.131 Eio6

.270Er06

.4718+06
.743ErO6
.153E+07
.z66ErO7
.420

E+ 0

.618E+07
.863

+0 7

.J

.510Efo5

.421E+06
'f,E+06

.140E+06

.865Er06

.'l5l+07

.238E+07
.489E+07

.28EE+06
.504E+06
-

7948r05
65Elo7

.t

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical Vessels

159

Table 6-1
Continued
ROTr STTFF CALCULATION,

VESSL
TCK,IN

vssEL
OD,FT

5.000
15.00c
15.000

.250

't

't

1.500
1.750
2.000

5. 000

.000
15.000
1 5 .000
'l 5 .000

15

.500
.7 50

.000

15.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
15.000
1 5.000
'l5 .00c
15.00c
15.000

-375

.855E+07
.135E+0E

32 .00 0

.375

.'198E+08
.27 7 E+ 08

.661E+07
.923E+07

.375
.51>

.'17 3E + 06

.37 5

.977E+A6

.576E+05
.159E+06
.326E+o6

32.000
.000
I6 -000

3 2

f6.000

36.000
36.000
36 .00 0

40.000
40.000
40.000

.500

.625
'|

.000

.000

1.250

40 ,000

40 .000

6.00

6.000
16.000
16.000
1 6.000
'| 6.000
16.000
1 6.000
16.000
16.000
t

't 6

.000

't6.000
'| 6.000
16.000
16.000
16.00 0

16.000
16.000
16.000
't6.000
1 6.000

1.000
1.250
1

.500

1.750
2

.000

.5C0
.7 50

.10/rEr08

.530E+06

.177E+o6
.363E+06

tl'l

.634+06

"J

.5rt

,190F+07
.3008+07
.6168+Ol

.375

.108E+08

-319e+o7
.566E+O7
.832E+47

.192Ei06
.109

E+

07

.1708+08

.612E+O5

.100Er07
.?o5E+07

.438+06

.2?9E+a7

.7 64E+O6

48.000
46 .000

.000

4E

.000

2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2-375
2.375
?.175
2.375
2.375
3.500
3.500
3

.500

3-500
3.500
3.500
4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500

.2 50

.746E+O7

.1318+07

.000

4E

.500

2.000

.32?E+07
.50E8+07

.313E+08

.37 5

48.000

3.500
3.500

1.7t0

+06

.?13E+O6

.7 50

1.000
1.250

.897E+06
.184E+07

06

3-500

.500
.625

. 569

.7748+O5

1E

16.000

.449Er07

.?32E+O6

2. 000

.500

.9 658+07

-285E+07

48 .000

I 5 .000

16.000

.553E+07

IRCU

.250E+08
.348E+08

48.000
48.000

16.000
16.000

.171E +07
.2 69 Er A7
.152E+CE
.221E + 08

40.000

1.750

.000

.4768+06

40 .000

15.000

15

.37

40 .000

,/.8.000

.000
.000

15.000

-375

.s75

15.000
15

32 .000

.500

1.500
1.750
2.000

OUTPLANE

LONGI

40.000
40.000

1. ?50

.000

TCKTIN INPLANE

2.000

1.000

5.000
15.000
15.000

NOZZLE ROT STI F IN.L8/DEG

6.000
36.000
36.000
3 6.000

. >uu

VSSEL

STD

15-000

't 5
15

OD,IN

36.000

15.000
15.000
'| 5.000
t 5,c00

15
1

NOZILE

ClL.

4. 500

-5t>

.639

.375

.315
.15 4
.15 4

.154

.154

30E +08

.43?E +07

.205E+08
.301 E+08
.420E+08

.682E+Oz

.935E+04
.258E+05
.529E+05
.924E+05
.1 46E+06

.299E+06

.15 4

.5238+06
.8258+06
.121E+07
. t 69E+07

-154

.216
-2't6

.216
.216
.216
.216
.?16
-216

.?'t6

.237
.237
.237
.237

5;

.121E+07
.24EE+o7

.15 4

.154
.154

5r

07
.713E+ 07

-362E

.'l

.375

E+

.1168+08

.1008+08
. t 40E+08
.3'l2E+04
.859E+0rr
.1 76E+05

.308E+05
.486E+05
.998E+05
.17 4E+o6
.275E+A6

.404E+06
.5 64E.

. 1l9E +05

.16LE+04

.3E3E+05

E0+07

.128E+05
,262 E+0 5
.45EE+05
.7?3E+05
.14EE+06
.259E+06
.409E+06
.601 E+0 6

.252E+07
.1E48+05
.507E+05
.104E+06
.'182E+06
.287E+06

.606E+05
.956E+05

.787E+05
.13EE+06
.217E+06
. 4 45 E+06
. 778 E+ 06
. t 25 E+ 07

-l

.840E+06
-6'l3E+04
.'l 69 E+0 5
.3478+05

ft

160

Piping Stress Handbook


Table eFl

Continued
ROTA
V ESS

EL

OD,fT

VESSEL

TCK,IN

16.000
r 6.000
16.000
16.000

1.000

I 6.00 0

2. 000

16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16

.000

16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000

1.250
I .500
1.750
.250
.375
.500
.7 50

1.000
1.250
'l

.500

1.750
2.000
.?50

16.0 0 0

16.0c0

.500

16.000

-625

16.000
16.000

I .000

16.000

1.250
1.500

16.000

I 6.00 0

16.0C0

.750

2.000

16.000
16.000
16.000

16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
't6.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.0c0
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000

r6.000
'l6.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16-000

z)u

.500

.625
.750
I .000
't

.2 50

1.500

1.750
2. 000

.250
.37 5

.500

.750
I .000

1.250
J.500
I .750
2. 000

.500
.625
1.000
1-250
1.500

1.750

16.000

1.000

.000
.37

.500

.625

vESSEL

NOZZLE NOZ2LE ROI STIF IN.L8/DEG


ODEIIi TCK'IN INPLANE OUTPLAN
CIRCU
LONCI
STD
4.500
4. 500
4. 500
4. 500

4.500
6.6?5

6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.6?5
6.625
6.625

.?37
.237
.237
.237
.280
.280
.280
-280

.625

4.625
4.625
10.750
10 .750

10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750

-162e+07

.238r+07
.335E+07
.?79E+05
.770E+05

.145E+06
.298E+06

.280

.2 46E+ 07

.2E0

.506E+07
.369E+05

.280

.3?2

.322
.32?
-322

.322

.156E +07

.362+07

.t02E+06
.2C9

+06

.365E+06
.576E+06

.ll8E+07
.206E+07

.365

.3268+07
.479E+o7
-669Er07
.165E+05

.3 65

.1 28E+ 06
. 263E +06

.365

.460E+06
.7?5E+06

.3?Z

.322
.322
.365
.365
.365
.365

.36 5

.365
.365

.1 49 E+07

.37 5

.375

.179E+07
.3138+07

.3?5

-493E+Oz
.7 25E +07

.000

1 4.00 0
1
1
1
1 4 .000

.339E+0 5
-696E+05

.1?2E+06

.192E}06
-394r+06

.688E +06
.109E f0 7

.160E+0?
.223E+07
.155E+05
.4?7E+o5

.a77ErO5
.

l53Er06

.2128+06
.496E+O6

.316E+06
.551E+06
.8?2E+06

.13? E+07

.201E+g?

.28'lEr07
.185E+05

.291E+06
5968+06

.1048+07
.161E+07
-2428+O7
.337 E+O7

.375

.1018+06
.619E+05
.1 71 E+06
.350E+06

.2068+05

.175

.965E+06

.322E +o6

4.000
4.000
4.000

14.000
14.000
I 4.000
14.000
1 6.000
16.000
16.000
1 6.000
16.000
16.000

.123E+05

.5148+05
.1058+06
. 1 84 Ef06

.559Er05
.'154Er06

12.?50
12.?50
12.750
1Z .750

.121E+O7
.1 69 E+ 07

.867E+06

.375
.375
.3?5

.37'

.521Er06
.821E|06

.260E+07
.4108 +07
.603E+07
.8 428 +07

12.75A

12.750

.257E+O5

.280

.375

12 -750

.111E+07
.932E+04
.9?1E+05

12 .7 50

12.750

.795E+O6

.4368+06
.894Er 06

?80

.t2?

.343E+06
.5 4l Ei06

.276F,+O6

a .625

4.625
I .625
8.625
4.6?5

.196E+06

.1038+07

.527Ero5

.322

I .625

.589E+06

. 158E+05

.625

'14

16.000
16.00c
16.00c
16.000
16.000
16.000

t6.000

STrrF CALcULATIONT CYL.

.6'l2E+06

.375
.375

. 569 E+0 5

.1 l7E +06

.2848+06

.1988+07

.660r06

.546Er07

.182E+07

.3 46E +07

.115+07

.6c2E+07

. ?67E +o7

.1 'l ?E+08

.7'l5E+05

.373E+07

.2f8E+05
.656E.05

,375

.197E+06
.404E+06

.375

.706e+06
.111E+07

.371E+O6

.375

.229E+07

.7 62E+06

.135E+06

.235E+06

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical Vessels

161

Table 6-1
Continued
ROIA STIFT CALCULATION, CYL.
VESSEL

VE

OD,FT

TC

SSEL
II

16.000

1-250

16.00 0

1.5C0

6.000
16.00c
16.000
16.000
't

.750
2.000
1

.250

.500

16.0 00

16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
1

6. C00

16.000
16.000
't6.000
I 6.000
16.000
'l6.00

t6.000
t 6.000
16.000
16.00

16.000
16.0 0 0
'I 6.00 0

16.000
16.c00
16.000
16.000

.625

.000

OD,I

l6 ,000
't 6.000

-153E+06
-?67E+o6

E. 000

.259E+ 07
.4538 +07

.750
1 .000

6.00 0
16.0 0 0

'| -

1-?50

1.500

.711E+07
.105Er08

. 147E+0E

20 . c00

.906E+05
.250F+06

20 .000

.895+06

20,G00

-'l 4'l

20 .000

20.000
20.000
20 ,000

22.aao
22.000
22.000
?2.000
22.000
2a.000
22.000

.500

.7 50

24.OOO

16.0C 0

t6-000
16.000
t 6 .000

16.000
16.000

.000

.250
I .500
1 .750
1

.000
.250

.799E

.37 5

.117E+08
.164E+08
.1C0E+06

.375

16.!00
16.000

.375

.302E+06

16.000

7.25A
1.500

16.00

.1t0E+06
.62'l

o6

.375

26-000

.37 5

.42't e+o6
.864E+06
.151E+07

.?38E+o7

.3508f07
.4898r07

-3028+05
.832E+05
.'171E+06

.298E +06
.471E+ 0 6

.966E+06
-169E+07
.266E+O7
.391E+0?
.547E+07
-134E+05
.920E+05
.189E+06

.330+06
.5209+06
.107E+07
.'l87E+07
-29 4E+07

.433E+o7

.604E.07
.366E+05
.101E+06
.207E+06

.361E+06

.35'lE+07

.'117E+07
.2018+Oz

.570E+O6

.968E+07

.3238+07

.142E+08
.199E+08

.66?E.07

.1198+06
.329E+06

.6758+o6
.1'l6E+07
-375

.431F.D7

.108E+07
.1718 + 07
.613E +07

.000

26.000

.567E+06
.990E+06
.156F+ 07
.3?18+ 07
.560E+07
.883E+07

.s75

2,6.000

26

.000

07

.130E +0E
.1 81 E +08

26.000
?6.000

16.000

.?76E +06

24.000
24.000

24.000
24.000
26.000

07

.54>

26 -AOO

16.00 0

6.00 0
'16.000

24. ilo0

E+

.290E+07
.506+07

22.OD1

16.000
16.000

6.000

.512r06

20.000

24.000
24.000
24.000

16.000

.375

E. 000

22.000
22.000

16-000

.458+06

1E.000

750
2. 000

.1298+08
.B l0Er05

.126E+07

18.000
'l

.3098+07

.801E+C6

20.000

| .000

.?1OE+o7

.000

18 .000

.580

.7 50

.131E+o7

.6J0E+07

.270E +O5
.7 44E+O5

.250

.500

.399E+07

,22fE+06

18.000

CTRCU

-375

t 8 .000

OUTPLAIIE

.9 26E+ 07

8.000
20.000

1.750
2,000
.250

ICK,IN INPLANE
LONGI
STD

.375

2. 000

1.250
1.500

NOZZL ROT SIIf IN.LB/DEG

'l6.000

18.000

1.750

16 .000

1.250
1.500

16.00 0

16.000
1 6.000

NOZZLE

X,I

VESSEL

.186E+07
.382E+07
.667E+07

.47 4E+07
.398E+05
.110E+06
-225E+06
.393E+06
.620E+06

.127E +07

.222E+07

26.OOO

.351E+47

.750

26.000

.'l05E+0E

16.000

2. 000

26.OOO

.216E+08

16.C00
16.0 0 0

-250

-'l29

06

.375

28.000
28.000

.7208+O7
.430E+05

.500
.6?5

28 .000
2E

.000

.355E+06
.729E+06
.127E+C7

.243E+06
.425E+C6

.000

.412e+ 07

.6705+06
.137E+a7

.7218+07

.240E+07

16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000

16.000

.750

I .000

1.250

28.000
2E

28.000

.t55E+08
E+

.201E+07

-516E+O7

.1'18 E+06

I
{

it

I
.l

162

Piping Slress Handbook


Table 6-1
Contlnued

VESSEL

0DeFT

16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000

t6.000

16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.00

6.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
1

f6.000
16.000
1

6.00 0

.000

16.00 0

16.000
16.000
t 6.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.C00

16.000
16.000
16.000
16.00c

r6.000
| 6.000
16.000
1 6.000
16.000
16.000
16

.00 0

16.000
16.000
16.000

t6.c0c
t6-000

16.00c
16 .000

16.000
16 .00 0

16.000
17.000
17.00c
17.000
17.00n
I 7.00 0

17.000

nOft STIFf CALCULATIONT CYL' VESSEL


NOZ ZLE ROT STIF IN.LB/DEG
NOZ Z LE
VE SSEL
IcKTIN It{PLAt{E 0UTPLANE
0DrIN
TCk,ll{
CIRCU
LONGI
STD
I . 500
1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
-625
.750
I .000
1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
-625
. ?50
I .000
1.250
1.500
1 .750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625
.750
1.000
1.250
I . t00
I .750
?.000
.250
.375
.500
.625
.750
1.000
I .2 50
I . 500
1.750
2.000
.250
-375
.500
-625
-750
'| .000
't.250
1.500
1-750
2.000

.250
.375
. 500
.625
.750
1 .000

2E.000
2E.000
2E.000
30 -00 0
50.00 0

0.000
30.000
30.000

30.00 0
30.00 0
30.00 0

30.000
30.000
3 2.000
32.00

e.000
32.000
32.000
3 2.000
32.000
3

52.00 0

2.000
52.000
3 6.000
36-000
36.000
3 6.000
3

36.00

6.00 0
36.00 0

36.000
36.000
36.000
40.000
40.000
40.000
40.000
40.000
40.000
40.000
40.00 0

40.000
40.000
46.000
48.000
48.000
48.000
48.000
48.000
48.000
48.000
48.000
48.000
2.375
2.375
2.375

2.375
2.375
?,375

.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
-375
-375
-375
.375
.375
.r7,
-375
.375
-375
-175
-375
.375
.375
-375
.375
-375
-375
.t75
.375
.375
-375
.375
.375
.375
-315
-375
.375
.375
-375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
.37t
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.154
.154
.154
.154
.151
-154

.1148+08

.3798+07

.167E+08
-235E+08

.778E+07

.138E+06
.

f,82E+06

.783E+06
.137E+07
.216E+o7
.4438+07
.774E+O?
.1 22E+08

.'l80E+08
.251E+08

.1{EEr06
.408E+06

.8378+06
.1468+07
.231E+07
.47 4E+07

.828Ef07
. 131 E+06

.192Er08

.268E|08
.'l C7E+O6
.461E+06
.946E+06

.557 E+O7

.462E+05
.127E+06
.261 E+06

.4568+06
.719e+06

.148Er07
. ? 58

E+07

.407Er07
.598+07
.636E+07
.493 E +0 5
-136E+06
.279E+O6

.488+06
.769 E+06

.'l588+07

.27 6E+07
.435 E+0 7

.640i07
.893Er07
.557E+05
.154E+06

.315Er06

.'l65E+07
.2618+07

.551 Er0 6

.535E+07

.17AE+07
-31?ErO7
.491E+O7

.9 35E+C7
-14?E+Oz
.217E + 08

.303E+08
.186E+06
.514E+o6
. '105 E+ 07

. 1948+07

.291E+oz
.596E+O7

.'l04E+08
.1648+08

.2 42 E+08
.337E+08
.225E+O6
.619E+06

.127t+O7
-22?ErO7

.350E+07

.8698f06

-7238+D7

.101E+0E
.621E+05

.'l 71 E+06
.351Er06

.614E+06
.968E+06
.199E+07
.3478+O7

.548Er07
.805E+07
.112E+08

.7 498+OS
.2068+06
.424E+O6
.740E+06
.117 E +07

- 291 E+08

.2408+07
.419E+07
.660F+07
.971E+07

.4078+08

.136r0E

.907 E+04

.302E+04

.719e+O7

.1?6E+08
.'l9EE+08

.250+05

.51fE+05
.8978+05

.1 r.1E+06
.290 E+ 06

.E338104
.171E+05

.299+05
-471Er05

.968 E+0 5

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical

Vessels

163

Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STIf

VESSL
TCK,IN

VESSEL
OD. FI

17.0

17.000
1 7.000
I 7.000
17,000
17.000
17.000
17.00c
17.000
't 7.000
17.00 c

17.000
17.000
17.000

1.250
I .500
1.750
2.000

1
1
1

17.000
17.000

17.000
'| 7.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.OOO

17.000

17.000
t 7.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
't7.000
17.000
17.000
t 7.000
.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17

7.000

17.000

7.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
1

17.C00

ION,

.15 4
.15 4

.500

.675

.500

.500
4-500
/. .500

.1248 +05
.255E+05
.445E+05

.2'l0E+06

.701E+05

.432 +06

.144E+O6

.,.500
4. 500

6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625

.250
.500

.6?5
.000

1.500

.375
.500
.625
.750
I .000
1.250
r.500

.000
.250

1.500
.250

.375
.500

.625
1.000

1.250

.33 6E +0 5
.588E+05

.27EE+ O6

.9?7E+ 05

07

.1758+07
.244E+07
.4928+05

.571E+06
.997F+ E6
.157 E+07

.231E+07

.190E+06
.332+06
.524E+06
.771E+O6

-3?3E+07

.108E+07

.271t+05

.904E+04

.717E+05
.1538+06

.51',|E+05

.268E+06

.2 49E+05

.893E+05

.152E+07
.239E+O7

.797E+O6

6 -625

.280

.3518+07
.4918+07

- 1178+07

.625

.3?2
.3?2
-322

.625

8.625

I .625
I .625
8.625
10.750
10. 750
10 .750

750

I 0.750

,28 0

10-750
0. ?50

I 0. 750

12.750
12.750
12.750
1?.750
12.750
12 -750

12.750

.358E+05

.987Er05
.203E+06
.35 4E+O6

.164E+D7
.119E+05

.329+05

.676e+O'
.118Er06

.3?2
.3??

.5588+06

.1E6E+06

.1 15L+ 07

- 3E2E

.122

.Jt6E+07
.464E+ol

.105E+07
.1558+07

-322

.649E+07
.451E+45
.124E+06
.?55E+06

.t22
.32?
.365
.365

.2oOE+ol

+06

.668E+06
.216E+07

.'l 50E+05
.414E+05

.851E.05

.1 49 E +06

.365

.4 468+06
.703+06
.111e+07

.365

.25?E+ 07

.2348+06
.48'l E+ 06
.841E+06

.39E+07

.133E+07

.365

.585E107
.E17E+07

.272E+A7

0. 750

'10. 750

.4236+06
.668+06

.375

.542+05
.149E+06

-375

.1958+07
-181Er05
.498E+05

.3078+06

.102Er06

.536E+06
.846E+06
.171E+07

.179E+06

.303+07

1\

-t64E+05

.28 0

.101 E+ 06
.176E+06

.119

6 -625

8.625
8.625

'|

.178E+05

.252 E+06
-397E+06
.583E+06
.E15E+06
.595E+04

.755E+06

6.625

10 -

.280
.280
.280
.280

.133Er06

.4508+04

.'l41E+O6
.289 E+06
.505E+06

.375

-237

.'135E+05

.280
.?80

6.625

2.000

2.000

.237

.2EO

.7 50
1

-2't6

1.750
2.000

.592+06

69 E+06
E + O6

.37 ?E + 05
.7 64e+05

-216
.?37
.237
.237
.237
.237

1.000
1.250
1.500

.1t8E+07

.?16

.216

4.500

.547 E+O6

.500

.507E+06

.'l64E+D7

.154

3.500

0UTPLANE
CIRCU

.'t54
.216

.2',16

4.500

IN.LB/DEG

.267

3, q00
.500
4 .500

.800E+06

.500

5.500

VE SS

ZLE ROI SIIF


I NPL Allt
STD LONGI

.500

.250

L.

TCXTIN

3.500

CY

NOZ

.000

.500
3 .500

.750

17.000
17.000
17.0C0

LCULAT

.216
.216
.2't6
.?'t6

17.OA0

t7.000
,7.000

.500

2.00 0

7.00c
17.000

7.00

2.375
2.375
2.3?5

.500

1.750

't

OD,IN

3.500

17.000

17.000
17.000
't7.000

CA

NOZZL

17.0 00

17.000

.?82E+O 6

.579+06
.101E+07

164

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STIFF CALCULAIION, CYL. VESSEL

vssEL

OD,fT

17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
I 7.000
1

vE
TC

1.500

I .750

?.000

.250

7.00 0

.625
.750

17-000

17.000
17.00c
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.O00

17.c00
17.000

I .000

1.250
I .500

1.750
2.000
.250
.37 5

17.C00

.500
.625

r7.000
17.000

I .000

17.AOO

1. 500

17.000
I,

i: "

'17.000

;
I
li ii

7.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000

)rt

17.000
17.400
17.000
17.000

a:

l.

ssEL
K,IT{

't

17-000

17 .00 0

1.250
1

.500
.625
.7 50

I .000
'|
't

17.0t/0

.37 5

't

14-000

14.000
14.000
14

.000

r6.000
16.000
I 6.000
1 6.000
1 6.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000

.375

.375
.37 5

.375
.375

.000

.500

.625
.750

I .000

.250
1.500
1

1.750
2.000
.250

.375
. t00
.625

t7.oac

.7 50

I .000

1.250
1

8. 000

8.000
't8.000
18.000
18.000
1

.375
.37 5
.37 5

-375

.3 75

.375

.37 5

.5C0

.375

.000

.375
.375

20.000
20.000
20.000
2

.375
.37 5

?2 .000

22.000
?2 .OOO
22 .00 0
22 .000

22.000
22.000
22.000
22.000
22 .000

.375

24

.000

24.000
24.000
21-OOO

.37 5

.192E +07

.336E+07
.529E+07

.375

24-OAO
24.OOO

.3? 5

.375

.200E+05
.552E+05
t 3E+ 06
E

+06

.312E+06
.640E+06
.112E+07

.176e+07

.7 78E+ a7
-109E+08
.693E+05
.191E+06
-39?E+06
.685E+06

.259 e+07

-222E+47
.388 E+07
.611E+A7
.E99E+07
.'125E+08

- 7t9E+O6

.362E+O7

.231

E+0 5

.6378+45
.13'lE+06
.??ae+o6
.360Er06
.1298+07
.204E+07
.300E+07
.418E+07

.786E+O'
.2178+06
.445E+06

.26?E+O5
.722E+O5

.777E+06
.123E+ 07

.259E+06
.40EE+06

07

.838E+06

07
.69t8 + 07

.146e+O7

.102E+C8
.14?E+08

.340E+07
.47 4E+o?

.439E

.? 42E+ o6
.49?E+06
.868E+06

.137E+07
.281E+07
.491E+Oz

.l

488r06

.231E+O7

.293E+05
.607E+05
.'166E+06
.2 89

+06

.457 E+O6
.937f+O 6
.164E+Oz

.775E+ 07

.258E+07

.114E+08
.1 59E+0E
.972E+05
.26E+06

.380E+07

.550F+06

.5308+07

.3248+O'
.895E+05

.183Ef06
.520+06
.505E+06
. t 04 E+07

.5 4te+07

.lE1E+07

.857E+07
.'l26E+ 08
.176F+0E
.106E+06

.286e+O7
.42OE+07
.586E+o7
.355E+05
.978 E+05

.2938+46
.6028+06
.105E+07

.000

24

.327E+O7

. 198

.311E+07

.37 5

.159E+07

.234E+o7

.593E+06
.936E+06

.151E+O7

21.OOO

CIRCU

.1

.960E+06

.37 5

OUTPLANE

.340+06

.8 79E + 05

.000

20.000
20.000

.1 65 E+06

. ?5?E+

18.000
18.000
20.000
2 0.000
20.000
20

.478E+07
.703E+07
.982E+07
.6008+05

.108F+07

.37 5

1.250
1 .500
1.759
2.000
.250
.375

17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000

.375
.375

E.000

.7 50

7.000

17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000

-375

17.C00

4.000
14.000

.375
.375

.500

.525

'17.000

14 . C00
14 .000
14 -000

TCX,IN INPLANE
STD
LON6I

.375

,375
,500

7.000

17.000
17.000
17.000
| 7.000
I 7.000
't 7.0c0

12.750
12.750
12.750
'| 4.000

NOZZLE ROT STI F IN.LE,/DEG

18 .000

t 7-000

t7.000

.2 50

1.750
2.000

I 7.000

17.O00

L E

OD,I

1E.000
.37 5

17.000
,|

.750

2.000

t'l0zz

.166a+07
.341E+Ol
.595E+07
.939E+07

-2O1E+O6

.351E+06
.553E+06

.114E+07
.'198E+Oz

.313E+O7

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities lor Cylindrical Vessels

165

Table 6-1
Continued

SIIfF CALCULAIION, CYL. VESSEL


NOZZLE ROT STIF IiI.LB/DEG
VESSEL NOZZLE
OUTPLANE
T CK,I N INPLANE
TC(,IN OD,II{
CIRCU
STD LONGI
ROTA

VESSEL

OD,FT

17,0 00

17.000
't

1.750
2

?.0 00

17.000

t 7.00 0

17.000
1 7.000
1 7.000

t 7-000

7.000
17.000
'| 7.000
17.000
1 7.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
1

-750

26.000

.150E+08
.2'l0E+0E

-500E+07
.698E+07

2.000

.500
1.0c0
1.?50
1-750
2.000
-z>tJ

.500
.000
.7 50
2. 000

.500
.6?5
.000

1.25O

1.500
1.750
2

.000

.500

.250

I .500

7.00 0

.500

17.000
t 7-000

17.000
17.000

.647

1.754
2

.000

.250
.375

I .000
't .2 59

't.500

E+

07

+06

.12ta+06

.417E+O5

28 .000

.345E+06
.7 Q7E+06

2E.000

.124E+07

.115E+06
.236E+06
.412E+06

28.000
28.000

.650E+06

28.000
28 .000

.195E+07
.400E+07

28.000
28.000
28 .000

.699E+07

.233E+o7

.375

.'110E+08
. t 62E+08

.36EE+07
.540E+07

28.000

.375

30 .00 0

-375

30.000
30.000
30.000
30.000
30.G00

30.000
30.000
30.000
30.000
.000

.375
-375

.375

.226E+08
.154E+06
, 370E+ 06

.760+06
.133E+07
.2098+07
.430E+07
.751E+07
.'1188+06

.3?5

.375

.17

4E +

08

.243Er08
-144E+06

32.OOO

.396+06

3 2

-E t 2E+06

.000

32.000
2.00 0

52.000
32.000
32.000
5

2.00

.375
.375

J2.000
56.000
3 6.000
36-000
56 .000
36

.000

36.000
3 6.000
J6.000
36.000
40.000

.375

40.000
40-000
40-000

40.000
40.000
40.000
40 -000

.375
-375
.375
.3?5

.375

.442t+O6
.698E+06
.1438+07
.?50E+o7
-395E+07

.5818+07
.8118+07
-479 E+05

.132+06
.?7'l E +o6
.475E+06

.127E +08

.422E+O7

.26EE+07

.6218+07
.E67E+07
-541E+05

.4 47E+A6

.1tt9E+O6

.918E+06

.306E+06

. 160E+07

,534E+06

.253E+07

. E43E+06

.519

.'173E+07

E+

07

.907F+07
. t 43E+08
.2't0E+08
.29 4E+ 08
.181E+06

40 .000

.7518+07
.448E+05
.123E+06
.253E+06

.7 46E+06
.1538+a7

.16?E+06
-5()

.133E+O7

.142E+07
.224E+07
.460E+07
.803+07
.'186E+08
.260E+0E

36.000

17.000
17.000
1 7.000
17.000
17.000
7.000

.37OE+ 07

26 ,000

't

.37 5

26.OBO

32

17-000

7.0C 0

- 601E

t . t)00

.1808+07
.1028+08

17.000
17.00c
17.000
17.000

.218E+06
.381E+06

?6 -OOO

17.OOO
17.OC0

't

.106i06

.655E+06
.114E+07

.500

17.000
17.000
17.000
1 7.000
17.000
17.000
17.000
'17.000

.319E'06

7.000

7.0C 0

.37 5

.123E+07
.?16E+07
.340a+07

7.C00
17.O04
1

26 .000
26 . C00

.460E+07
.642E+o7
.386+05

26 -OOO

'|

17.000
17.000

.193E+0E
.116E+06

t .000
1-?50

17.C00
1

.138E*08

24.000

26.000
26.000
26.000

't

17.000
17.000
17.0c0
17.000

? 4 .OOO

.500

I 7.00 0

7.000
17.000

.000
-250

.302E+07
.4778+07
.7 0'l E.07
.979E+o7

-6038r05

.4988+06
.10?E+07
.179E+07

.166E+06
.341Ea06
.596E+06

.282E+07

.939

F+

07

.193+07

.101E+08

.337E+O7

.579E

.1598+08
-234E+08

.551E+07
.78'lE+o7

rf

:l
:

166

Piping Stross Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued

R0lA STIFF CAI-CULATION, CYL. VESSEL


VESSEL

OD,'T

17.000

ICK,IN

2.O00

17.000

.250
.315
. t00

I 7.00 0

-625

t 7.000
I 7.0 00

17.000
17.000
17.0 00

.7 50

1.000

1.250
I .500

48.000

18.000

.250
.375

2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
?.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2 .375
2.375

.00 0

18.000
1E.000

tE.000
1

E.00 0

18.000

.500

.625
.750
1.000
1 .250
1

.250

.500

1E.000

18.000
18.000
18.0C0

16.000
18.000
't6.000
16.000
18.000

.500

1-750
2.000

I 8.0 00

iiI

4E.000
4 8 .000
48 .000

4E-000

t8.000

ir

40.000
48.000
48.000
48.000
48.000

1.750
?.000

18.0c0
18.000
18.000

li

0zzLE
OD,II{

17.000
17.000
17.000

18

i,:

vEssEL

.750
1.000
1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000
.250
.37 5

1E.C00

.500
.625

18.000
1E

.00 0

16.000
16.000
18.000
18.000
1E

.00 0

1E.000

.7 50

.000
1 -250
1

1.500
1 .?50
2.000

z>u
.37 5

18.000

'tE.000
18.000
18 .0
18 .0

.500

.625

00
00

-7 50

18.000
't6.000

16.00 0

't

16.000
18.000
'16.000
18.0 0 0

'|
1

.000

.500

3.500
3.500
3. 500
3 .500
3 .500

3.500
3. 500
3.500
3.500
4. 500
4. 500

4. 500

4.500

4. 500
4 .500

4.500
4. 500

4.500
4.500
6-62>
6 .6?5

6.625
6-625
6.625
6-625

.250

6.625
6-625
6.6?5
6.625
4.625

500

8.625

.250

.500

.750

2. 000

I E.000

48.000

.625
.7 to

18.000
18.000
18.000

.000

18 .00 0
18 .00 0

.500

1.250

.6?5
8 .625

.625

a.625
4.625

NOZ2LE ROT SII f II{.LB/DEG


OTJTPLANE
T CK,I N IIIPLA E

SID

LOIIGT

CIRCU

.3278+08
.218E+06

.109E+08

.601E+06

.200E+06

.123E+ 07

.411E+O6

.3? 5
.37 5

.215e+07
.540E+07

.718E+06

-375

- 698E+07

-375

.'192E+08

.375
.375

.375

.375
.375

.'l22E+08
.283E+ 0E
.395 E +08

.7?7e+Oj

.1138+07
.2t3E+O7
.406E+0?
-641e+O7
.942E+D7
-'13

+08

-88?E+04

.2948+O4

54

.2438+05

.81 08 +0 4

-154
.154
.154

.499E+05
.871E+a5
.157E+06
.282E+06

-166Er05

.493E+06

-164E+06
.2 59 E+06
.381 +06

.154

.t

.'154

.154
.154
.154
.154

.216
.216
.216
.216
.216
.216
.216
.216
.216
.216
.237
.237
.237
.237
.?37
.237
.217
.237
.280
.280
.28 0

.280
.280
.280
.280
.280
.280
.280

.322
.322

.778E+06
.111E+A7

.372
.322

.9418+05

60Er07

.sf,?E+06

.131E+05
.362E+05
.742E+05

.437E+O4

.130E+06

-43?E+O5

.t

.205E+06
.420E+06
.733E+06
.1 168+07
.170E+07
.237E+07
. l73E +05
.478 + 05

.121E+05
.247E+O5
.682 +0 5
.'140E+06
.z 44E+O6

.386E+06
-567Er06
.792E+O6
.

5 78E

+04

.159E+05

.9818+05
.1718+06
.2708+o6

.327E+O5

.555E+06
.969F+06

.22tE+97

-185E+06
.321E+06
.510E+06
.7 49E+06

.311E+07
.263E+05
-726e+Os
,|

.1 05E +07
.8 78 E+04

.2428+O5

49E+06

.497Er05

60E+ 06

.868E+05
.137 e +O6
- 2El E+06
.491E+06

.153E+07

.
.

.411E+06

.843+06
.147E+O7

.232e+07

. 571 E+0 5

.901E+05

.477E+Ol
.348Er05

.774E+06
.114E+07
.159E+07
.1 l6E+05

.9 59E + 05

.320E+05

.342E+07

.197E+06

.322
.322
.3?2

.?90E105
.4 58 E+0 5

.314E +06

.543E+06
-111E+07

.195E+07
.307E+07

.657E +05

.1158+06
.18'l E+06
.371 E +06
.6 49 E +06

.102F+07

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical Vessels


Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STIFF CAICULATION, CYL. VESSEL

vEssEL
TC K,I I'I

VESSEL

00,fT

0zzLE
OD,I N

NOZZLE

TCK,IN
STD

1.750

18 .00 0

2,0 00

1E.00

18.000
1E.000
18.000

18.0

't

't

I C. 750

-ol>

10

.000

18 .00 0

'1

18.C00

1.750
2.000

. 500

1E . C00

18.00c

.375
.500

1E.000
1E.000
18 .000

18.000
'16.000

't8-000
1E.000

18.000
16.000

.750
1
1

18

16.000
1E.000
.000

18

?8.000
't8.000
1E.000
18-000

18.000
't I .000

.375
.500
.625
.750
.000

2. 000

.250
.37

.500
-750

1.000
1.250

t.500

-250

.7 50

r .000
't -250

?-000

000

18.000
18.0 00
18.0 0 0
1E.0 00
18 ,000
18 .0 00

18.000

12 -750

. 169F+07

12 .750
12 .7 50

11-OOO

.750

16 .00 0
18

.'l45E+06
.2968+06

14.000
1 4 .000
14 .000
1 4 .000

.500
.62

.750

1 .000
1.250
1.500
1,750

14

.375

.295E+07

.9E2E+06

1E

.000

1E .000
1E.000
1E .000
I E.000

18,000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20 .000

20.o00
20.000

+06

07

-515E+a7
.7 56E+ 07
.106E+08

-5ft

-375

.37 5

.155E+07
.22EE+Ol
.318+07
-195E+05
.536E+05
.110E+06
.192E+O6

.303E+06
.622E+O6
.1098+O?
-1?2E+07
.?52E+O7

.352E+07
.619E+05

.666E+ A6
. 105E+07

.8738+07
.J?2E+08
.7 64E+05

.127E +O6
.222E +06

.350E+06
.719 E+O6
.126E+07

.'f98E+07
.291E+07
.106E+07
.2558+05

. 210E+ 06

.702E+O5

.432E+06

.144E+o6

,755+06

.375

+O

.225E+O5

-594E+E7

-375

-5 62E

.186E+06
.3E1E+06

.377 E+07

.375

-27 4E+o6

.67 4E+05

.2168+07

18 ,000

18.000

.577t

.326E+07

.000

18.000
1 6.000

05

.3108+06
.1P'7

.000

t6-000
'| 6.000

.910E+06

.375

.9948+05
.'17 4E +0 6

.161E+06

16.000
16

-129E +07

.189E+07
-265E+07
.17 6E+Os
.4E4E+05

.521E+06
-E22E+o6

.9 5 4E+07

.000

16.000
1 6.000
1 6.000
1 6.000
16.000

-468E+06
.817E+06

.527Er05

.750
12.750
12 .750
12.750
12

tE.000

1E.000

.79LE+07

12 -750

1.5C0

1.?50

1.500
1.?50

16 .00 0

I 0. 750

14.000
't 4.000
't 4.000

1E.000

18-000

.568E+07

12.750

-2288+06

.387E+ 07

10 . 750

- 5648

2. 000

t 6 .000

.245E+07

.375

1E.00 0

18.000
16.000

.365

I 4 .000

1-750

'18.000

10 .750

-114E+O6

.140r+07

.000
.250

.403r05
,827Er05

.24E8+06
.433E+06

.4658+07
.683E+07

18.0C0
1E.000

.146E+05

.375

.000
.000

.000

.438 E +05
.121E+06

.683 E+06

.750

-150E+07

.210E+0?

.365

CIRCU

.6J08+07

.750
10.750
't 0.750

OUTPLAT.IE

.1512+A?

'12.750

t8.000
r8.000
18.000
18.000

.000

F IN.L8/DE6

INPLANE
LONGI

.250
1.500
1.750

1E.000

tE
't 8

0.750

.500

00

18.000

.322

10 . 750

18.000
18.000
1E.000

a.ol>

ROT STI

.119 E + O?
.? 44E+07
.427E+07

-252E+06
.397E+06

.8'l5E+06
-142E+O?

-674t+e7

.225E+07

-99oE+07
.'138E+08

.330E+07

.235E+06
.483 E+06
.844E+06

.785E+05
.161E+06

. 1 33E +07

- 4 44E+06

.854+05

.?738+A7
.477?+07
.753E+07

.11tE+08

- 461E+O7

.2858+05
.

8'l E+06

.9t'lE+06

.159E+07
.251E+o7

.369E+07

167

168

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
R0TA STIFF CALCULATI0NT CYL'
0DufT

VESSEL
TI(TIN

3.00 0

2.000

VESSEL

2? -OOO

18.0 00

13.000

.500

18.000
1E,000

.750

18.C)00

18.000
18.00c
18 ,000

18.000
1b.000
18.000

OD,IN

20 .000
22 .00 0

.250

18.000

NOZ2LE

r.0c0
1.250

22.000
22.000
22.000
22.OOO

22.000

1.500
1.750

22 -000

.000

22 -OOO

22

.000

24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000

18.C00
18.0 00

.500

1E.000
1E.000

-750

24.DAO

1.000

1.2t0

18.000
18.00c

1.500
1.750

24.000
24.000
24.000
2/..000
2 6.000

'tE.0G0

18.000

2. 000

24 .000

1E.0 00

.250

18.000
1E.000
1E.000

?6.OAO

.500

26.000

- 750

I .000

26-000
26 ,000

18.000
18.00c
't8-000

1.250

.500
1.750

26.000
26.000
26.000

.000

2-000

1E-000

1E.000

1E

't3.000
18.000
18 .000
1E.000
18 .000
16.000
13.000
16.C0C

18.000
't8.000
18.C00
18.0U 0

16.000
18.000

.37

.625

.?50

28 .000

.500

E.000
28.000

.625

2E-000

.750

28 .000

.000
1 .250

28.000
2E.000

'I

1.500
'l ,7 50

?.000

.250

.375
.500

28.000
28.000
28.000
30.000
30.000
30.000
30-000

.750
.000
.250

50.000
30.000
30.000
30.000
30.000

2.000
.250

30.00 0

.500

32.000

18.000
18.000
16.000

18.000

18.000
18.00c
18.000
1E.000
18 .000

16 .00 0
18.00 0

t6.000

26.000
2

18.000

18.000
18.00c
16.000

26.OOO

.000
32 .000
3 2

.625

3? .OOO

.000

32 .000

.250

.500
1-750
2 .000

32.000

3 2.00 0
3 2 .00 i:J
3 2 .000

32 .000

VESSEL

f IN.L8'/DEG
TCX,IN TNPLANE OUTPLANI
CIRCU
LONGI
SID

NOZ2LE ROT STt

.375 .15 5E + 08
-375 -944E+05
-375 . ?60E+06
.375 .5348+06
.375 .933 +0 6
.375 .1478+O7
.3ZS .3OZE+07
.3?5 .528E+07
.3?5 .8 33E + 07
.375 .122E+08
.375 .171E+08
.375 .103Er06
.375 . 285 E+ 06
.375 .585E+06
.375 . 102E+07
.375 .161E+Ol
.3?5 .331E+07
.375 - 578E+07
.375 .91?E +07
.375 .134E+08
0E
-375 . 1872 E+
-375 .1t E+06
.375 .3',10E+06
.375 .636F+06
.375 -'l11Eto7
.375 -115E +O7
.3?5 -3608+07
.3?5 .629E+07
.375 -992a+O7
.375 .146+08
.3?5 .204E+0E
06
.375 .122E++06
.375 .33 5E
-375 .667E+06
.3?5 -12o8+oz
.375 .139E+07
.375 .5898+07
-375
.1C7E+08
.375 '679E+Q7
.375 .1 58E +08
.375 .220E+03
.3?5 ' l31E+06
.375 .360E+06
6
.3?5 .7 3E Elo
.375 .1298 +o7
-3?5 .204e +A7
.375 .4'l8 + 07
-375 .730 E+ 07
.3?5 .1 1 5E+08
.375 .169E+08
.375 .236E+08
.375 .1169 + 06
.375 .3R5+06
.3?5 .790+06
-375 - 133 5+0 7
.375 -?18E+O7
.375 -4t ?E+O7
.375 .760E+07
.37, .123E+08
.375 .181E+08
-375 .253E+o8
F

.515+02
.3'l5E+05
.867E+05
.178E+06

.311Fr06
.491E+06
.101E+07
.17 6E+07

.2788+07
.408E+07
.570E+07

.345+05
.950E+05

.'t95E+06
.3418+06
.53EE+06

.1'l0Ei07

.1938+07
.304E+07

.447E+07
.624E+O7

.3758+05
.103E+06
-212E+O6

.371E+06
.585E+06
-120E+07

.2'l0E+07
,331E+o7

.486E+07
.679t+O7
.405E+05
.1128+O6
.229 E+06
.400E+06
.631E+06

.'l30
.22

E+0 7

6E + O7

.357E+07
.5?5e +o7
.733e+O7
.435E+05

.120E.06
-246E+06
.430E+06
.678E+06
, tJ9E+07
.243E+O7

.3E4Er07

.564Er07
.788e+07

.465E+05
.'128E+06
.263E+06

.460E+06
.7?5E+o6

.149Er07
.260E+D7

.4'l0E+07
.603+07
.E12E+07

Vessels
Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical
Table 6-1

Continued
ROTA
VESSEL

0D,rT
'tE.000
18.000
't

.000

18.0CC

1E.00c

tE.00ri
18.006
't 8.000
18.000
1E.000

18.000
18.000
18.000
1 8.000
18.000
18.000
16.000
't8.000
18 .00 0

15.C00

16.0c0
16.000

16.000
18,000
16.000
18.000
18 .000

18.000
16.000
18.000

STIf'

NO2ZLF

VE SSEL

OD,IN

TCK,IN

.250
.375
.500
.625
.? 50
1 .000
1 .250
1-500
1.750
2.000
.?50
.375
.500
.625
.75O
1.000
1.250
I .5OO
1 .7 50
2.000
.250
.375
. 500
.625
.750
't .000
1 .250
1.500
1 .750
2.000

CALCULATION'

36.000
36.000
36.00 0
36 - 000

6.000
6.000
36.000
36.000

3
3

36. ooo

6.000
40.000
/.0.000
40.000
40.000
40.00o
40.000
40.000
40.o0o

40 .000
40 -000

4E.ooo

48.000
48.000
48.000
48.000
48.000
48 .000

48.000
4E.000

48.000

CY

L.

VESSEL

NOZZLE

ROT STI

TCK,IN

INPTANE
LONGI

slD

-375
-375
.375
-175
.375
.3?5
-375
-375
.375
.375
.37t
.3?5
.375
.375
-375
-375
.375
-375
.3?5
-375
.375
.375
-3?5
.3?5
.375
-375
-375
.375
.3?5
.375

It{.LB/DEG

.158Er06
.434t+06
.892E+06
.156E+O7

.2468+07
.504E+07

.8El+07
. 1f9 E+ 08

.204+08
.285E+08

OUTPLANE

CIRCU

.525E+05

.115E+o6
_297E+O6
. 519 E+06
.819 E+06
. 168 +07

-2948+07
.463E+07
.681E+O7
.951E r07

.176E+06

.586t+05

.484E+06
.99481 06
.17 4E+07

.f31E+06

.271E+07
-562E+O?

.9a2E+o7
.155E+08
.?28E+0E

.3135+08
.212E+06
.584E+06
"120E+07

.16',| E+06

.579F+06

.9.13E]06
-187E+o7

-327E+A7
.5168+O?
-759'-+o7
.106E+08
.706E+05
-195E+O6

.209E+07

.399E+06
.698E+06
.'110E+07

.678E+07
.118E+08
.187E+08

.395Ef07

.330i07

-226E+O7

-623E+O7

.383E+08

.9'l5E+07
.128+06

.858E+04

.286E+04

.4t6Et05

.1628+05
.283F+05

.275+08

rt,

2 -375

19.000

2 -375

19-CC0

19.000
19.000
't9.000
19 .000

19.000
19 .0

00

19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19

000

19.000

'19.000

19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000

.500
.625

2.375

.000
1.250
1.500

.500

2.375
?.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
3.500
3.500
3.500

1.0c0

3.500

't

1.750
2.000

'l .250

.5c0
1-750
z-000

't

.250
- 500

3. 500

f.

500

3.500
3.500
3.500
4-500
4 .500
4. 500
4

.500

4.500
1

.000

1.250
1.500
1.750

4. 500

4.500
4. 500
4

.500

-154
-151
.'t54
.154
-154
.154
.154
-151
-154
-154
-216
-216
-216
-216
-z'16
.216
-216
-216
-216
-216
-23?
-237
.237
-237
.237
.237
.237
.237
.237

-237E +o5

.78E E+04

.848E+05
.134 E + 06

-446E+0j

-275e+o6
.4808+06

.757E+ 06
- 1'l1E+o7

-155ErO7
. 128 E+05

-3528+05
-722E+O5

.915E+05
.160 E +06
-ZSZE+O6

-371E+O6

.5'188+06
.426F+O4

.117+05

.241E+O5

.126E+06
.199E+06
-409E+06
-714E+o6

_42.1E+O5

- 166E+07

-5528+O6
-771E+o6
.563E+04

.113E+07
.231E+Oz

' 169E+05
.465E+05

.9 55 E+05

.167E+06

-2638r06

-6648+O5

.136E+06

.2388+06
.375E+O6

.155E+05

.318 E +0 5
.556E+05
-8778+O5

.180E+06

-119E+O7
-219E+O7

.196ErO6
.7292+o6

540+06
-94f, E+ 06

.31 4E+06

Table 6-1
Continued
RO]A STIFF CALCULATION, CYL.

VESSEL
TCK,IN

vEssL
OD,FT

NOZZLE

NOIZLE

OD,!N

TCK,IN
STD

19.000
19.00 0

19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
't9.000
19.000
19.000
19 .00 0

19.000
19.00c
19.000
19.000
19.00 0

19-000

:l

2. 000

.250
.37

.750

19.000

19

10 .7 50
10 .750

.7 50
'l

1.750

2.000

.000

19.000
t 9 .000
19 . C00

19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
9.00

.625
1
'1

19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.ai00

.500

z. 000

.500
,7 50
'|

.000

1.250
1.500

.3?2

.322
-3??

10.750
10.?50
12.750

12.750
12.750
12 .750
't2-750
12.750

.365

.5538+07
.5138+05

-375

.5i7E+o6
.800Ei06

.1648+ A7
.247E+07
.452E +07

.665E+C7

.9298+07
.568E+05
.157E+06

14

.32'l +06
.561E+06
.885E+06
.132E+07
.317 E + A7
,501E+07

.000

14.000

6.000

't

6. c00

16.000
6.000
1 6.000

.7 36e+07

.5 r>

.000

16.000

2. 000

.111E+A6
.290E+06

4.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
1 4.000
14.000

.7 50

1.500
1.750

.422E+06
.665E+06
.137 E+07
.?39E+07
.3768 +07

16.000
16.000

1.25A

t t8E+06

12 -750

c25

.000

.108E+07
.189E+07
.299E+07
-4398+07
.6118+07
.427E+05

-772t+Ol

12.750

16
.

.52EE+06

.241E +06

12 -750

.?50
.500

.934 E+05

0.750
10.750

t4-000

'l9.00 0
19 .000

.332E+07
.464E+07
.339E+05
.192E+06
. 3f5 E+06

't

1 4.00 0
1 6 .0C0

19.C00

.400E+06

.'143E+D7
.2 26E+ 07

10 .7 50

10 . 750

-855E+04
.236E+O5

.2E0

.322

.375

-375

NE

.1O?E+O7

.821Ei06

.322

CIRCU

.256E+Os

260

.280
.280
.280
.322

OUTPL

.3068+07
.7olE+C5
.145E+06
.253E+06

.280
.?80

0. 750

't -750

2. 000

9.000

19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000

.000

1.750

19.00 c

.280

'12.750
.500

19.0c c

.500

.600

19.000
19.000

'|

.000

1.250

19.000
19

8.625
8.625

.37

19

.6?5

3.625
'l0.750

.500

.000
't 9 .000

SII F IN.LB/DEG

INPLANE
LOt./ GI

8.625

.000

.250

ROT

8 -625

t .0c0

.000

19 ,000

8.625

19.000
19.000

-625

6.625
6.625
6.625
a .625

.?50

19-C00

t9.0cc

.28 0

1.250
1.500
1.750
2.000

't.250
1.500
1.758

19.000
19.000

-625

6.625
6.6?5

.000

19.000
19.000
19.000
'19

-2E0

.75A
1

'19.000
'l

.500

4.500
6.625
6.625

VESSEL

tC3t+08

.484+05
.845E+05
.133E+06
.27 4E+O6
.47EE+06
.7 51E +O 6
.111E +07
. 155E+07

.1t3E+05

.3'l l E+05
-

639E+0 5

-112F+06

.1 76E+06

.561E+06
-631E+06

.996E+06
.146E+C7
-204E+C7

.142ErO5

. 392 E+0 5

.805E+05
-141E+O6

.222E+06

.455E+06
.79

5 E+o 6
- 125E+O?

.'184E+oz

.257+07
.17'l E +Os
.171E+O5

.968Er05
-t69E+06
-267ErO6

.5 47 E+O6

.956E+06

.15t E+07

. ?22E+A7

.310E+07

.'189E+05
.522E+O5

.1078+06
.'l t 7E+o6
.295E+06
.606E+06

.106E+07
.1678tO7
.245E+07
.313E+07

.656E+05
.1E1E+06
.371E+06

.219E+05
-602E+05

6IEE + C6

.216E+O6

.102E+07
.21OE+07
.367 E+07

.341E+06

.850E+07

-2838+07

.578F107

.'l

19E+ 08

,'12

4 8+O

-699+06
.122E+a7
.193E+O7
.39 6E+Ol

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical

Vessels

171

Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STtFF
VESSEL

OD,fT

VESSEL
IKTIN

.375

19.C0C

.750
,0c0

19.C00

'1

.?50

19.000
19.00c

1.750
2.0c0

19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000

.375

19 ,000

19. 000

E,000

18.000

-3?1E+07

.7 648+O5

20 .000

.229 g +O6
.470E+06

.25U

20.co0
20.000

.82'l E+06

.5O2E+07
.306E+05

19 .000

.500

22.000
?2.000

.000

22 .OOO
24 .000

.520+06
.9cBE+06

.173E +O6

.3038+06
-980E+06

2+ O7

.1718+87
-270E+O7

.3978+A7
.555E+07
.336E+05
.925s+05
.190E+06

.532E+06
-523E+06

.322E+07

.107E+07

.250
.500

24 -000
24 .000
2/, -000

.8E8E+02
.131E+08

.?9 6E 107

.7 50
2. 000

.500
-625

19.000
19.000
19.000

19 .00 0

't

.000

21 .OOO

26 .000

26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000
26

1.500
2

'19.000
19 .00 0

26.000
26.000

.608E+07

.109E+06
.302E+06
.619 E+ 06

.365Er05

.101 E+06

.'17'l E+o7

.569 E+06

.108Er07
.

j508+07

.6'l2E+O7

.965E+07

.206E+06
.3 61 E+06

J17E+A7

.204E +07

.322E+A7

.198E+08

.118Er06

.473E+07
.6618+o7
.394t+O5

.500

2E.000
28 .000

-326E+06
.669 E +06

.223E+06

.7 50

28.000

.0c0

28.000

.1 42+08

28.O00

.117E+O7

2E.000
2E .000
28 .000

. 184+07

1.750

28.600

.?50

30.00 0

.127E +06

'1

.435E+07

.'tE2+08

-378E+07
.6 6'l +07
- J 04 Er08
.1 53E+0E

.188E+07

26-000

.7 50

-250
.375

r9.000
19.000

.000

.563+07

.000
.250

I .500

28.900

.2'l4E+08

.844E+05

.478Er06

-157

I
I

.155E+07
.2448+07
.359E+07

-?94E+07
-514E+07
.811E+07
.119E+08
.'t 66E+08

?4.OOO
24 .000

*'l

E+06

. 143E+07

.10'l E+06
-ZtZE+46
.5708+06
.995E+06

24.000

24.O00

19 .00 B
19 .00 0

19.0 00

't

24.000

.000

19 .0C0

19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000

.7 50

19.000
19.000

19.000
19.000

22 -00 0
22 .000

19.000
19.000

.27qE+o6
,432E+06

.108E+08
.150E+0E
.919 E r 05
.253E+06

.2 50

19 .000

19.00

.157ErA6

20.000
2 0.000
22.000
22.000

20 .000

'I

.500

.449E +07
.277E+O5

.465E+ 07
.733E +07

-000

19.000
19.000
19.000

.219E+O7

20.0c0

22.000

250

.1 39E+0 7

.88

-?50
1 .000

.;93 E +06

30E+07
-2668+07

.625

.248E+05
.683E+05
.140E+06
.245e+O6

.9 61E+07

.ll5E+08
.831E'05

1.750

CIRCU

18.000

.000

19.O00

.421E+O6
.735E+O6

OUlPLANF

1t.000

.500

t9 -00c
19.000
19.000
19.000

.205Er 86

l8 .000
20.000
20.000

19.000

.0c0

.743E+05

.6568+07

.000

19.000

TCK,IN TNPLANE
LONGI
STD

.lE6E+06

t 8 .000

22 .000
22 .000

NOZZLE ROT STI T IN.LB/DEG

t 8 .800

-75n

19.000
19.000
19.000

VESSEL

.116e+D7
,238E+07
.416E+Qz

18.000

20 .000

19 .0C

'| 9

1.000
J.250
1.500
1 .750
2.000

9.000

19

OD,III

ION' CYL'

'l .500

.500

.000

't

19

NOZ?LE

1E.000

19 .00 0

't

LCULAT

l8 .000

19.006
't9.000
19.000
'r9.000

19

CA

.109E+06
.390E+06
.615E+06
.126E+O7

.220F+07
.348 F+07

.5119+07
.714s+C7
.424E+Ot

It/

172

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
ROIA

VESSEL
OD,FT

TCK,IN

00

19.000
19-000

19,000

r9.000
19.000
19.000
r9.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
19.000
t 9 .000

'19.00c

19.000
19.0c0

'19.000

19.000

t
{
il

'19.000

.500

30.000
30.000

.6?5

30.00 0

.750

I .000

1.25C

1,500

1.750
2.000
.250
.375
.500
.625
.750
1 .000
1.250
1-500

1.750
2.000
.2so

19.000
19.000
19.000
'r9.000
19.00c
19.000

't

19 .00 0

I .500

19.0C0
19 .00 0

19.000
19.000
J9.000
19.000
19.000

.37 5

.500
1

.000

.250

1.750
2.000
.3?5
.500
.6?5

19. 00 0

.000

9.C00

19.000
19.000
19 -000

19.000
19.000

.500

.750
2.000

19 .0 00

r9.000
19.000

.625
.7 50

'19.000

.000
.250
.500

19.000

t9.000
19.000
19.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.o00
20.000
29.000
20.0c0
?0.000
20.000

250

.75A

2.000

.250

.375
.500

.625
. 750

I .0c0
1 -250

.750
2.000
1

.37 5

.375
-375

30 .00 0

.375

30 .00 0

-375

30.000
3

0.00 0

30-000

30.000
3?.000
32 .000

32.000

32 .00 0

32.000
32.000

52.00 0

f2 .0c0

52.00 0
32 .000

36.000
36.000

36.00 0
36 .00 0

.750

CtL. VESSEL
NOZ ZLE ROT S'I'
IN.L8/DEG
TCK,I N I
NE
OUTPLAiIE
'{PLA
STD
LONGI
CIRCU

CAI-CULATl0lrlr

VESSL

19.00c
19 .0

STIff

36.000
36.000

56 - 000

6.000
36-000
36.000
40.000
40.000
40.000
40.000
40.000
3

40

.000

40.000
40.000
4

.000

.375
.37 5

.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375

.375
.375
.375
.375
.37 5

.375
.375
.375
-375
-375
.37 5

.375

.375
.375

40.000
4E.000
4E.000
48 .000

_37 5

4E.000

.5t>

48.000

48.000
4 8 .000
48 .000
4E -OOO
48 .000

2.375
2.375
?.375
2.375
?.375
2.375
2.375
2.3?5
2.375
2

.3?5

.350E+06
.7198+06
.1268+07
.198 E+07
.4O7E+07
.71Oa+07
. I 12E+08
.165E+08

.117E +O6
-24OE+06

./,19+06
.660E+06
-136E+o7

.237E+07
.373E+07

.230E+08

.549E+O7
.767E+O7

-136E+O6

.453E+05

.374E+06
.7 69E+ 06

.134E+07
.21?E+07
.435E+07
.7598+ 07
.1 208+08
.17 6E+OE
.2468+0E
. t 55E+06

.42tE+O6
.66E

E+

06

-152E+07
-239E+07
.491e+ 07
.8 58 E +07
-135E+08
.'199E+0E
.2?8E +08

-125E+06

.256E+06
.448E+06

.7068r06

.115E+O7

.253E+07
-399E+O7

.587E+O?

.820E+07

.5t1Er05

.141E+O6
.289 E+06

-505E+06

.797E+O6
-1648+O7
-Za6E+07
.451E+O7

.171E+06

.663e+07
.926E+07
.570E+05
.157E+o6

-967e+O6

-322E+O6

-267 E+O7
.5 47 a107

.889 E+06
.1828+O7

-171E+06

.169E+07
.956a+07
. 151E+08

.222E+08
.310+08
.206E+06
.5688+06
-117E+Ol
.204E+07
.321E+07
.660E+07
.115E+08

.5638+06

.3198ro7
.5038+07
.7398+O7
.103E +08

.687E+05
.1 89 E+06

.369 E+06
.679 ar06
-1O7E+07

.?67E+08

.220E+07
.384e+A7
.606E+07
.891E+07

-3?3e+DB

.124F-rOE

.1 54

. 837 E+ 04

.279E+O4

-154

.231e+O5
.473p+O5

. 768 +04

.s75

.154
.154

.182E+08

.8278+05

.1 54

.130E+06

.154
.154
.154
.154
.154

.268+06
.468 E+06
. 73E

.'108

+06
r 07

.1 5l E+07

.1 5E E+05
-276E+O5

.435E+05
.892E+05
- I 56E+06
-246E106

.362E+06
. 50 5Ef06

Rotatlonal Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical Vessels

'173

Table 6-1

Continued
ROTA STI f
VESSEL

OO,FT

20. c0c

NOZZLE
ODZIN

VSSEL
ICK,IN

.500

3.500

20-000

,500

3. 500

2C.000

-7 50

5. 500
3-500

20-000

.500
1-750

2C.000

.250

4.500

2C,000

.500
.6?5

4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500

?0.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000

.000

20,000
20.000
2C-000
2C.000
2C

.000

2A.O00

20.000
20.000
20.000
20,000

4. 500

,000

't.250
.500
1-750

't

.500
4-500
4 .500
4

2.000

4.500

.500

6.6?5
6.6?5

,250

6 -625

-750
.000
.500

2C.000

2.000

26.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
u 0.000
20.000

.500
.500

3
3

.375

20 -0 00

20.060

3.500

3 -5AO

20.000
2C.000

3.500

2. 000

20,000
20.0c0

.7 50

6.6?5

6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
8.625

.500
.750

E.625
I .625
E.625

- 000

.625

2C.C00

.250

20 .000

1.750
2.000
.250

10 . 750

- 500

'1o.750

20.000

20.000
20.000
20.0c0

8
8

- 500

20.c0i.J

20.000

.625
.625

8.625

'to.?50
1

0. 750

10 .750

20.000
20.000

.000

20.00iJ

.5C0
.7 50

19.750

20,000
20.000

20.000

.000

2C.000

.254

20 .000

.500

20.000
20.000
20.000
2C.000

20.000
?0.000
20.000
2C.000

0.750

10 .750

1A.750
0. ?50

12.750

12 -750

.7 50

.000

't?.750
12 -750
12 -750

.500

12 ,750
12.750
12 .750

.2-50

14

.750
2-0c0

NOZZL

TCK'IN
STD

20.000

CALCULATION,

.000

CYL.

VESSEL

F IN.LB / DEG
OUTPLANE
INPLAN
CIRCU
LONGI
ROT STI

.216 .1246+o5
.2'16 -3438+05
.2'16 .791'5+05
.?16 -123t+o6
.216 .19/+E+06
-216 .398E+06
.2'16 .696E+06
07
.216 - 'l 10 E++O7
.216 .161E
.216 -?z5E+O7
.23? . 164E+05
.237 .153E+A5
-237 .9f l E+05
.237 .163E+06
,237 .256E+06
.?37 .526t+O6
.237 .920+06
-237 .145E+07
.?37 -?138+07
07
.237 .298 ++C5
.25OE
.?ttl
.2E0 .689E+05
.280 .14'1E+O6
.280 -?47E+06
.280 .390E+o6
.280 .800E+06
-2E0 .140E+07
-280 -220E+07
.280 .3216+A7
.2EO .152E+07
-322 . j30E+05
.32? .910 E+ 05
.322 . t87E+06
.3ZZ .326E+06
_3ZZ .515 +06
.32? .106+07
.32? . 185F+C7
.322 -291 E+o7
-3zZ .4288+C7
.3?z .598 E+07
.365 .416F-+O5
.36t .1 155+06
.365 .Zj5E+06
.365 .411E+06
.365 .643E+06
.365 -133E+Q7
.365 .233E+O7
.365 .367E+D7
.365 ,.539+02
.365 .753E+07
.375 .,DgE+05
.325 ..t 38 E+06
.375 .?83Ef06
.375 .4E4E+O6
.375 .7S0E +06
-375 . 160E+07
.37, .280E+07
.375 -41'lE+O?
.375 .648E+07
-375 .9 05 E+07
.375 .5 54 E+ 05
E

.4

15E+O4

.114E+05
.235E+05
.410E+05
.647E+05
.'133E+06
.23?E+O6

.366E+06
.538E+06
.751E+06
.548E+04

.'l5'l E+05
.f10E+05

i,i

.542E+05
.855E+05
_1ZSE+O6

.307E+06
.484E+06
-7118+O6

.993E+06

.6 33E +0 4

.230E+o,
.171E+A5

.3239+05
.1 30E+0 6

.267 E+O6

.4666+O6
-735E+O6
. 108E+07

.1519+07
.110E+05
.303E+05

.62jE+05
.'l 09 E+06
.17 2E+o6

.3SZE+46
.616E+06
.971E+06

.143t+Oz

.199E+07

.139E+05
.3E2 E+0 5

-784E+05
.1378+O6
.216E+O6
.4 44E+o6
.7?SE+O6
-122E+O7

.180E+07
.251E+O7
.161E+D5
.459E+05
.943E+05

-1658+06
.260F+06
.533+06
.932E+06
-147E+O7
-?16E+O7

.302E+O7
.185E+05

174

Piping Stress Handbook


Table 6-1
Continued
ROTA STIFF CALCUIATION, CYL. VESSEL
V ESS

VESSEL
ICK,II{

EL

OD,FT

20.000
20.000

.375
.500

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000

.7 50

2C.000

20 -000

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
2

0.00

-625

t.000

1. ?50
'l .500
1

"750
2.000

.750
1 .000
1-250
1.500
1

-750

2. 000

.500

-750
2.08O

20.000

1.250
1.500

.625
.000
.25A

.500

- 500

.7SO
't

2C.000

20.000
20.000
2U.000

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
?0.0c0
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
2C.000

20.000

.000

1.750
2.000
.250

2ri.00G

?0.000
20.000
20.000

NOZZLE ROT STIF IN.LB/DEG

TCK,IN IfuPLANE
STD
LONGI

14.000
14 .000
14 - 000

14.000
1 4.000
.000
14.C00
14

14.000
t 4 .000
16 .000

16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
t 6 .000

16.000
1 6.000
16 -

.663E+06

-375

.309E+07
.4888+07

.375
.375
.375
.375

.37 5

.375

.500
.7 50

.000
1-250
1.500
1-750
2.000
't

.250
.500
.7 50

.000

18
1

.375

20.000

.587E+05
-121E+O6

.632E+06

.211e+06

.205E+07

.332 +0 6
.6E2E+06

.357 E+07
.5 64 E+ 07

-137E+O6
.239 Et0 6
.377 E+06

.l'13+07
.2328+O7

.405E.07
.639Er07
. 131+08
.Et0+05

4E

07

.'ltJ5E+08

.5078+06
.885E+c6
.140+07

.'t 62F+08

.9t2E+C5

?4.LOO

.27OE+A6

24.OOO

.555F+06

24.000

.500

2. 000

24 ,000

24.000

26.000
z6.ooo

.37

.970E+06
.153E+07
.314E+07
.519E+Oz
.E66E+07

,127Er08

.375

-313E+Cz
-

437E+O7

.270E+05

,864+06

-79OE+07

24 .000
24 -LAO

.135E+07
.213E+o7

.259E+ o?

.'116Fr08

24-000

.773E+O 6

.7 41E+ 05

.237E+07
.501E+07

22.000
22.000

.666F+05

-223E+06
.45E+06
.601E+06

.247E+ A5

22 .000
?2 -OCO

.386E+07

.410E+06

.E96E+05

22.000

-276E+O7

.242E+O5

.147+08

22.OOO

.119E+07
.188E+07

.725E+05
.200E+06

.71

.375

E+0 7

.213r05

6E + A6

.453:+07

?2.000
22.000
22.AOO
22.AOO

.17

.334

-3628rD6

.126E+07

.3-t5

.t03E+07

.100E+08
.639E105

-9 39E+47

.37 5

20 .000

20.000
20.000

z4 .ooo
24 -OOQ

.750

375

.000

20,000
?0.800
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000

-718E +07

.163E+07
.239e+07

. 716 E+06

.000

I .000

.590E+06

.ll6E+0E

.182Er06
.288E+06

07

7 E+

.629E+07

.000

I 6.000

.17

.996Er06

t 8 .000
1E

.547E+06

.375
.375

000

t 8 .000

. 508 +0 5
. l04E+06

.313+06

18.000
16.000
18

OUTPLANI
CIRCU

.153E+06

I E.000

?0.000
20.000
20.000
20.0c0
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000

20.0c0
20,000
20.000

OD,IN

'16.000
. 500

20.jco

NOZZL

. 1 78E+ 0E
.1o7E+A6
.291E+06

.153E+06
.2 6?E+06

-421E+o6

.1j'lE+07
.238E+07
.350+07
4g9E+07
.299E+05
.323E+05

"

.169E+O6
- 295E+o6

.466E+06

.9t6E+06
-167E+o7
-263E+07

.387E+07
.5 4'l E+o7
.3?7E +o5
.902E+05
.'t 85E+06
.321E+06
.510E+06

.105E+07
.1E38+0 7
.289 E +O7

.424E+07
.592E+07
-356E+05

.980+05

Rotational Nozzle Flexibilities for Cylindrical


'liable 6-1

Continued

SIITF CALCULATION, CYL. VESSL


NOZ ZLE ROT SlI f IN.L8/DEG
VESSEL NOZZLE
OUTPLANI
TCK,IN INPLA}JE
TCK,II'I OD,]N
CINCU
LONGI
SID
ROTA

VESSEL

0DrFT

2C.000

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20 .00c
20.000
20.00c
20.000
20.0c0
20.000
20.0c0
20.000
20.000
20.000
?0.000
20.000
20.0c0
20,0c0
20.000
20.c60
20.000
20.000
20.000
20,000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.c00
20.000
2C.000

20.000
20.0c0
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
2C.000

20.000
20.000
20.000
20.c00
20.000
20.00c
20-000

20.0!0

20.000
? 0.000
20.000

26.000

.500

26.0C0

26.000
26-000

1-000

26.000
26.000
26.000
26.000

1.250
1- 500

1.750
2. 000

2E.000
2E.000

.375
.500

28.000
28-000
2E.000

.7 50

28.000

.000

28 .000

28.000
28.000
2E.000

2.000
.?50

10.000

.625
.750

30.000
30.000
30.000
30.000

30. 000
30.00 0

t .000

1.250
I .500
1.?50
2.000
.500
.6?5

1.000
1.250
1.?50
2.000
.250

50 .000
30. 000
30

.000

32.000
3 2
3

.000

2.000

32 .00 0

32 .00 0
32 .000

2.000
32.000
32.000
3

r2.000
56.000
36-000
6.

.500

.7 50

36-000

't.500
I .750

3 6 -000
36. 00 0
36 -000
3 6 .000

.625
1.000
I .250

2. 000

.250

.500
I .000

1.500
1 .750
2.000
.250
.37

.500

COo

56.000
36.000

40.000
40.000
40.000
40.000
40 .00 0
40 .000

40.000
40.c00
40.000
40.000
4E.000

48.000
48.000

.375
-375
.375
-375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
-375
.375
-375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.3?5
-375
.375
-3?5
.3?5
.375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.3?3
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
.375
.375
-375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375
.375

.604E+06

-201+06

.166E+O7

.555ErC6
.'l11E+o7
.1998+07

.1658+07
.341E+07
.597 E+o7
.941E+O7
. 'l38E+08
-'t sf E+06
- 115

+06

.318E+06
.652E+06

.352E+06

.314E+O7
.461E+O7
.644E+O7

.384E+05
.'106Et06

.1148+o7

.217E+06
.380 E +0 6

.',|E0E+07

. 599 E+06

1F''f

.123t+o7

-644E+A7

.102E+08

.2152+07
.339E+07

.1 49E+08
.209 +08

.696E+O7

z AA

.',1?4E+06

.341+06

-498E+O7

.413E+05
.1148+06

.701E+06

.234E.06

- 12ZE+07
. ',l93E+ 07

-40E8+06
-644E+o6
.13? E+0 7

lOAc.a\7
-6928+07

.1098+08
. i 6iE+08
.224E+O8

.1328+06
.365E+06

.?3'l

E+O7

.364E+A7
.535E+07
.7 47E+O7
.441 +05
.1?2E+O6

.719E+OC
.13',1 E +07

.2 50E+06

-zo6E+07

.688E+06

.7 4OE+07

.217E+07
.389E+07
.57?E+07
.799E+07
.499E+05
.1378+06

.424t+07

.1178 +08
.17?E I oE
.240E+08
. l50E+06
.112E+O6

.8 46 E+ 06

.118E+07
-233E+07
.479E+07
.E36E

r07

.132E+08

.'l948+0E
.271E+O8
.1 67 E+ 06

.459E+06

.943E+06
.165E+O7

.436E+o6
.141e+O?

.282E+06
.4938+O6
.777s+O6
. t 608r07
.279 E+a7

.44OEr07
-646Er07
.90?+07
.556E+05
.153E+06

.3148+06
.549E+06

.260E+O7

.E668+06

.533E+07

.'178E+A7

.9328+07
.147Er08
.2'l6E+08

.72OE+O7

.302E+08
.201E+06
.554E+06

.114Er07

.311E+o?
.490E+A7

.101.0E

.670 E+0 5

.185+05
.379 E+06

Vessels

175

176

Piping Stress Handbook


Table &1

Continued
ROTA STIFF CALCULATION,
VESSEL

OD, FT

20.000
20.0c0
20.000

20.0cc

20.000
20.0c0
20.000

vEssEL
TCK,ll{
.625

ilozzLE

OD,Ill

48.000
.000
48 .000
48 .000
4E.000
4E.000
48

I .000
1

.250

.500

I .759

2.0c0

48.000

CYL.

VESSEL

ZLE RO' STIF IN.LB/DG


T{ INPLA'.IE OUIPLA}IE
SID
LOI{GI
CIRCU

NOZ
T

CK,I

.375
-375

- 199E+07

.313Er07
-643E+07

.1128+08

.177Er08
- 261

+08

.364E+08

-662E+O6

.1C4E+07
-214E+07

.3748+o7
.591E+07
.868 E+07
. 12t E+08

Pressure and Stress Ratios

By merely multiplying or dividing, P/S ratios may be


used to readily determine:
Ferritic Smls
Temperature (Carbon and AlloYs

l.

Allowable working pressure


2. Working stress
3. Wall thickness required

900
950
1,000
1,050
1,100

This extreme simplicity arises because in the formulas


devised to predict the stresses in a pipe under internal
pressure, the P/S ratio may be equated to a quantity that is
dependent only on the diameter and thickness of the pipe
and the applicable allowance for threading, mechanical

D-2y(t -A)

.4 is known as the "modified lame" formula. In Sections 4 and 8 of ANSI 831 the Barlow formula is used,
which is a special case of the general formula in which y
0. kr addition, Section 8 is based on nominal thickness
rather than minimum thickness; the tabulated P/S ratios
for y = 6 tut 6" placed on a nominal wall basis by mul-

as:

2(t.

tiplying by 8/7.
Tables 7-1 through 7-4 give the precalculated values

t :
A:
D:
y :

for

the right-hand side of the preceding general equation for


each pipe size and weight based on a wall thickness
87Uz% of nominal and for values ofC varying from 0.0 to
100 in. in increments of .005 in. For any pipe size, wall
thickness, and corrosion allowance the allowable working
pressure is found merely by multiplying the P/S ratio by
the allowable stress. Obviously, this relieves the designer
from making annoying multiple arithmetical manipulations which might be subject to error.

lbs/

in.2

Ss

0.7

- A)
D-2y(t.-A)
where P : Maximum internal service pressure,
P/S

o.7

The y value in the general formula reflects the effect of


creep at high temperatures. In some ANSI Code sections
that do not cover temperatures over 900'F, the y value of
.4 is directly inserted in the formula; the formula with y

2SE(t--A)

This formula may be written

u.)
0.'l
0.7

strength, and/or corrosion.


The general formula, adopted by the ASME Boiler
Code in the section on power boilers and the ANSI Code
for Pressure Piping is:

D_

0.4

Austenitic Steels
(Cr-Ni stainless,
such as Types
304, 316,
and 347)
0.4
o.4
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.7

Allowable stress in material due to internal pressure


Minimum pipe wall thickness, in.
Allowance for threading, mechanical
strengih. and/or corrosion, in.
Outside diameter of pipe, in.
Coefficient having values, as follows:

(Text continued on page 250.)

177

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