1.6K views

Uploaded by PJ Gealone

Strength

- Strength of Materials
- Powerline Pre-board (Ree Sept. 2010)
- esasA_KEY
- Esas
- PEC QC With Answer
- Preboard Sept 2013 Set B Solution
- AC Circuits 2
- EE Reviewer
- Computer Fundamentals
- Electrical notes for board exam
- pec5
- REE Questionaire 2009 Philippines
- REE Board Exam
- Trivia 2
- Question Bank in DC Circuits
- College Physics of Sears Zemansky Reviewer
- EE review
- Pec Answers 1 to 100
- Objective Type Questions in Electrical Engineering
- PEC 1&2- RME

You are on page 1of 13

MULTIVECTOR

Review and Training Center

Rm. 867, Ground Floor, Isabel Bldg.

F. Cayco comer Espafia Sts.

Sampaloc, Manila

Tel. No. 7317423

STRENGTH CHt~TERIALS

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

- is a measure of its ability to resist the application ofthe load required during the service of the structure

of the machine without fracture, collapse or undue distortion.

Stress- is the mechanical force on energy that causes or produces deformation or fracture in the material.

-defined as resistance to external forces and it is measured in terms of the force exerted per unit of area.

1- Simple Stresses:

I.

Axial Stress:

a.

h.

Tensile stress

Compressive stress

Formula:

p

S=A

where: A .l P

S =stress

P = load or total external load

. A =stressed area

2.

Shearing Stress:

Formula:

Ss ==

~~

projected area

where: As// Ps

. 3.

Bearing Stress

Formula:

Sb=~

where Ab is the projected area

FS =Ultimate stress ~ material can withstand

Allowable stress

, without rapture

Note FS > I

Thin-Walled Pressure Vessel:

I Cylindrical Shape

STRENGTH OF MATEl~lALS

F

F = Bursting force

P = Resisting force

L:Fv = 0

2P=F

2 Astress .Sc = pA

2 (LX t) (Sc) = p (D XL)

_.212_

Sc- 2t

a.

~,..

,.

1\

'

II

__

/

II

t

/

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

p = C0h

p = hydrostatic pressure or gauge pressure

in the tank

Inner Diameter D = diameter

t = thickness

C0 =density of the fluid

h = elevation head

where:

Asu:ess SL = P A

n D t SL = p ~ D 2

SL= pD

4t

Note:

I\

\

l::FH = 0

P=F

-~---------------

t .. ,

,/,/-r'::,~",~,.-------- ~

1

1

D

I

I

:-.::

\ i

i I F --'f.l',-.1'+---.t--

SL = ~ Sc

II Spherical Shape:

F= p-D4

L:F = 0

P=F

nDtS = p~D 2

s = J2.Q_

4t

P = n Dt S

STRENGTH OF .MATERIALS

Rotating Steel Ring

F= mo/r

IFH=O

2P"" F

2AS =

where:

molr

P =resisting 'force

A= cross-sectional area of the ring

V = volume of one-half of the ring

p = mass density

r=l!_

11:

co = angular velocity; rad/sec

v = peripheral velocity of the ring

Hool<e's Law

I.

Axial Deformation:

I.

S'~Ee

2.

s"' 7:

where:

II

L - original length

8 - change in length

P - load or force exerted

A - area stressed

S- stress.

e- strain

. p

E- modulus of elasticity or Young's modulus

Shearing Deformation:

tanY=_h

L

----7-Ps

l-Ienee

__s_

yL

---/

I

or

bs

= 'Y

~-

:S..j

r-./

I

/_

/T

L

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Assuming Hooke's Law to apply to shear; is

or

From

85 = y L

= .&_L

= (Ps/A 5 ) L

G

8

s

where

y=~

Ps L

As G

y - shearing strain

-the angular change between two perpendicular faces of a differential element

Spring in Series

w

(Parallel)

(Series)

where:

a = coefficient of linear expansion

L = original length

L1 T = change in temperature

TRAINING CENTER

'

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Torsion:

T

t.

Ss

-.Jf- {--

general fommla

2o.

Ss = TR

'

J

Where: p =distance from theN. A.(Center line for round specimen)

J = polar moment of inertia

T =torque

R =radius

2.

TL

8=JG

where:

L =length .

G = modulus of rigidity

3.

Shaftings:

a. Solid Circular Shaft:

Ss

~~7)

32

S = 16T

s

b.

rr03

J =lL (04- d4)

32

Ss

T (D/2)

_ d4)

_!I_ ( 0 4

32

l6T 0

Ss

rr (04 _ d4)

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

4.

P = 2nNT

Where: N -speed of rotation of the shaft in rev per unit time

T- torque

Note:

sec

ft-lb

33,000 - . - = 746 watts

mm

T=~PR

T = nPR = n AbolrS,R

T = R Abolt n S,

where

T = torque capacity

S, =allowable shearing stress in each bolt

Abolt = area of each bolt

R = bolt circle radius

n =number of bolts in the bolt circle

T=L:PR

T = n 1 P 1R 1 + n2 P 2R2

, where y1and y2 are shearing strains or shear deformation

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

~=~

we have,

r

G,R,

G2R2

_fJ!.&=~

G 1R1 G2Rz

If the bolts on the two circles have the same area, A1 = A2; and ifthe bolts are made of the same material,

G 1 = G2, then it reduces to

J~elical

Spring:

R = mean radius of spring

Spring DcflcctiorL(o)

64 PR 3n

Gd 4

Approxi1i1ate Formula:

l2_PR.[ I +L

1t

ce

4R

16 P~ [I + _Qj_ ]

7td

111

16PR [4m-I + 0.615]

Smax=~

4m-4

m

where

m = spring index

D

m= d

2R

. Note: A.M. Wahl Formula is more precise formula usually used for heavy springs which are sharply

curved where m is not so large while formula I is usually used for light springs where the ratio m is

large.

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

ImpactStress

.~

Smax = Sst [ 1 + ~ 1

-t-

Ost ]

If

. Ss 1 - static stress

h- height of fall

Ost - static deformation

-*

:CY

- - - - .., ___',j(

:_--- ~

USt

Flexural Stress

_Me

SrINA

z=

INA

where

c - distance from the center to the farthest fiber.

INA- moment of inertia with respect to neutral axis

z- section modulus

(liVre~

~(#)")

\-

- d,t

~~=~=;/~

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

1. What is stress?

A force per unit length

B. mass per unit acceleration

D. force per unit volume

2. Find the required diameter of a steel member if the tensile design load is 7,000 pounds. Assume a

safety factor of 5 based on an ultimate strength of 60,000 lbf/sq. in.

A 5.406 em

ji. 0.8618 in

C. 4.695 mm

D. 3.2367 m

REE - Sep. 2005

3. A 1000-kg homogeneous bar AB 2 m long is suspended horizontally from two vertical cables AC

and BD, each 1.8 m long and connected at both ends, with cross-sectional area 400 mm. sq .

. Determine the magnitude of the largest additional force acting downward which can be applied to

the bar. The stresses.in the cables AC and BD are limited to 100 MPa and 50 MPa, respectively.

fl. 50.2 kN

B. 55.0 kN

C. 59.0 kN

D. 67.0 kN

REE -Oct. 1996 I Oct. 2000 I Sep. 2003 l Apr. 2005

4. Determine the outside diameter of a hollow steel tube that will carry a tensile load of 500 kN at a

stress of 140 MN/m. sq. Assume the wall thickness to be one-tenth of the outside diameter.

A.111.3mm

B.109.7mm

C.113.7mm

D.112Amm

REE -. Sep. 2004

5. What is the force to punch a 0.75 inch circular hole through a piece of 5/8 inch thick steel plate

(ultimate shear strength of 42 ksi)?

A 154 kip

B. 732 kip

C. 43 kip

}2: 61.85 kjp

6. A hole is to be punched out to a plate having an ultimate shearing stress of 310 MPa. If tt1e

compressive stress in the plate is limited to 420 MPa. What is the maximum plate thickness in

which a hole of 75 mm diameter can be punched?

A 25.4 mm

B. 18.5 mm

C. 32.5 mm

D. 27.8 mm

REE - Apr. 2006

7. A thin walled pressurized vessel consists of a right circular cylinder with flat ends. Midway between

the ends, the stress is greatest in what direction?

A. Longitudinal

B. Circumferential

C. Radial

D .. At an angle of 30 degrees to the longitudinal and circumferential direction

8. In designing a cylindrical pressure tank 3 feet in diameter, a factor of safety of 2.5 is used. The

cylinder is made of steel (yield stress 30 ksi) and will contain pressures up to 1000 psi. What is

the required wall thickness, t, based on circumferential stress considerations?

A. 0.75 in

B. 1.50 in

C. 3 in

D. 3.75 in

9. Find the limiting peripheral velocity of a rotating steel ring if the allowable stress is 140 MN/sq. m.

and the mass density of the steel is 7850 kg/cu. m.

A. 130.62 m/s

B. 129.58 m/s

C. 142.37 m/s

D. 133.55 m/s

REE - Sep. 2003 I A.pr. 2007

10. A rotating steel ring has a mass density of 7,850 kg/cu. m. At what angular velocity will the stress

reach 200 MN/sq. m. if the mean radius is 250 mm?

A. 750.30 rad/sec

B. 564.33 rad/sec

C. 700.21 rad/sec

D. 638.47 rad/sec

~.

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

REE -Apr. 2002

11. The simple mathematical statement of the relationship between elastic stress and strain : stress is ..

proportional to strain. What is this law?

A Boyle's law

B. Hooke's law

C. Charle's law

D. Gas law.

REE - Apr. 2002

12. For normal stress, what is the constant of proportionality?

A Modulus of plastiCity'

Modulus of elasticity

B. Modulus of cavity

. D. Modulus of varsity .

REE - Apr. 2005

13. What is the decrease in height of an 8-inch round x 16-inch high concrete cylinder (E = 2.5 x 10 to

the positive 61h powerlb/ sq. inch) when the unitdeforrilation is 0.0012?

A 392m

B. 0.0192 in

C. 355 em

D. 891 mtn

REE - Apr. 2001 I Sep. 2009

14. What is the stress in an 8-inch round x 16-inch high concrete cylinder (E = 2.5 x 10 to the positive

61h power lb/sq. inch) when the unit deformation is 0,0012?

A 500 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

C. 8,100 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

B. 210 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

D. 3,000 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

15. Find the elongation of the aluminum (in inch) specimen 100 inch long when loaded at each point.

E = 10 x 10 raised to 6 psi and yield stress = 37 ksi. Neglect the weight of the bar.

A. 0.65

B. 0.37

C. 0.43

D. 0.25

REE - Apr. 2002 I Apr. 2004 I Sep. 2005

16. A steel rod having a cross-sectional area. of 300 sq. mm. and a length of 150 m is suspended

vertically from one end. It supports a tensile load of 20 kN at the lower end. If the unit mass of

steel is 7850 kg/cu. m. and E = 200 x 10 to the positive 3 MN/sq. m., find the total elongation of the

rod.

A. 52.48 mm

B. 60 mm

C. 54.33 mm

D. 56 mm

REE -Apr. 2007

17. A reinforced concrete column 250 mm. in diameter is designed to carry axial compressive load of

400 kN. Using allow~ble stresses of concrete 6 MPa and steel at 120 MPa, find the required area

of stresses of reinforcing steel. Assume Ec = 14 GPa andEs= 200 GPa.

A. 1720 sq. mm.

B. 1600 sq. mm.

C. 1320 sq. rnm.

D. 1440 sq. mm.

REE - Sep. 2010

18. A 10 mm diameter round bar is made of aluminum alloy 7075-T6. An axial force stretches the bar

resulting in a decrease in its diameter by 0.016 mm. Find the magnitude of the axial load, in kN.

A. 27.4

B. 28.3

C. 25.6

D. 24.7

REE - Apr. 1996

19. A 60-kg motor sits on four cylindrical rubber blocks. Each cylinder has a height of 3 em and a

cross-sectional area of 15 em. sq~ The shear modulus for this rubber is 2 MPa. If a sideways force

of 300 N is applied to the motor, how,farwill it move sideways?

A. 0.124 em

B. 0.075 em

C. 0.102 em

D. 0.092 em

/

20. A 20 N weight is supported by two springs in series. The first spring has a stiffness of 1 N/mm and

the second spring has a stiffness of 2. 0 N/mril. The natural period of vibration is

A. 0.55 sec

B. 0.35 sec

C. 1.15 sec

D. 0.75 sec

e

Vl

STRENGTH OF

MATERIA~S

.

..

.

21. Determine the stresses set up in the rails of the tramway when the temperature rises from 0 to .

50 deg F. The rails are welded together so that there are no clearance and are laid so that they

cannot expand. For steel; assume a = 6.5 x 10 to the negative 6 per deg F and E = 20 x 10 to the

positive 10 N/m. sq.

A 55 MPa

B. 60 MPa

C. 65 MPa

D. 70 MPa

22. At 90 deg F, the stress in a steel roo is 2000 psi (C). What is the stress at 0 deg F?

A. 15,550 psi (T)

B. 53,900 psi (C)

C. 68,210 psi (T)

D. 27,430 psi (C)

23. A solid steel shaft 5 m long is stressed to 60 MPa when twisted through 4 degrees. Using

G = 83 GPa, compute the shaft diameter.

A. 0.104m

B.1.174cm

C. 5.214mm

D. 9.432in

24. A solid steel shaft 5 m long with diameter of 0.104 m is stressed to 60 MPa when twisted through

4 degrees. Determine the power that can be transmitted by the shaft at 20 rad/sec.

A. 1.9 MyY

B. 2.1 MW

C. 1.6 MW

D. 2.5 MW

~

f:

25. A hollow bronze shaft of 75 mni outer diameter and 50 mm inner diameter is slipped over a solid

steel shaft 50 mm in diameter and of the same length as the hollow shaft. The two shafts are then

fastened rigidly together at their ends. Find the maximum shearing stress developed in the bronze

by end torque of 3 kN-m. For bronze G 35 GPa and for steel G 83 GPa.

A. Te =28.5 MPa

B. ta =84 Pa

C. ta =10 kPa

D. 'te =65.2 GPa

26. A flanged bolt coupling consists of eight steel 20 mm diameter bolt spaced evenly around a bolt

circle 300 mm diameter. Determine the torque capacity of the coupling if the allowable shearing

stress on the bolts is 40 MN/m. sq.

A. 22.1 kN-m

B. 20.5 kN-m

C. 15.08 kN-m

D. 18.4 kN-m

27. A flanged bolt coupling consists of six-1 0 mm diameter steel bolts evenly spaced around a bolt

circle 300 mm in diameter and four-20 mm diameter aluminum bolts on a concentric bolt circle 200

mm diameter. What torque can be applied without exceeding a shearing stress of 60 MN/m. sq. in

the steel or 40 MN/m. sq. in the aluminum?

A. 9.75 N-cm

B. 2.8 MN-mm

C. 5.94 kN-m

D. 4.5 GN-in

REE- Apr. 2001 I Apr. 2003 I Apr. 2004

28. Determine the maximum shearing stress in a helical steel spring composed of 20 turns of 20 mm

diameter wire on a mean radius of 80 mm when the spring is supporting a load of 2 kN?

A. 140 MPa

B. 115 MPa

C. 121 MPa

D. 160 MPa

29. A 14 foot long simplE~ beam is uniformly load with 200 pounds per foot over its entire length. If the

beam is 3.625 inches wide and 7.625 inches deep, what is the maximum bending stress?

A. 6332 lbf/sq. in. (psi}

C, 7974 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

B. 1674 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

D. 8205 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

REE - Apr. 2001 I Apr. 2003

30. The beam shown in Figure 3 is 5 inches wide and 10 inches deep. What is the maximum bending ..

stress?

.Q..2,888.61bf/sq. in. (psi)

B. 5,500.3 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

D. 3,420.9 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

2000 pounds

1300 pounds/foot

Figure 3

.

31. A 4 inch wide, 8 inch deep wood beam is simply supported and loaded as shown in Figure 5. What

is the maximum shearing stress?

A. 449.1- lbf/sq. in. (psi)

C. 778.7 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

~ 284.4 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

D. 254.2 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

4000 pounds

3'

4'

5'

4333

6067

Figure 5

32. What is the maximum stress in the offset link shown in Figure 7? Neglect stress concentration .

factors.

A. 15, 676.6 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

.Q.... 12, 666.7 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

B. 20, 534.9 lbf/sq. in. (psi) .

D. 50, 984.2 lbf/sq. in. (psi)

I

'

(tension)

Figure 7

33. What uniform load will cause a simple beam 10 feet long to deflect 0.3 inch if it is supported (in

addition to the end supports) by a spring at the beam's midpoint? The spring has a spring constant

cif 30,000 pounds per inch. Assume the beam is steel, 10 inch deep, rectangular, and wijh a

centroid a! moment of inertia of 100 inches 4 .

~5440 lbf/ft

B. 2100 lbflft

C. 8970 lbflft

D. 4550 lbf/ft

- Strength of MaterialsUploaded bybmvinay
- Powerline Pre-board (Ree Sept. 2010)Uploaded byPJ Gealone
- esasA_KEYUploaded bycielo_cetd3670
- EsasUploaded byVladimir Martinez Josef
- PEC QC With AnswerUploaded byKokan Balucas
- Preboard Sept 2013 Set B SolutionUploaded bymark ian
- AC Circuits 2Uploaded byDelmark Dionisio Lusterio
- EE ReviewerUploaded byjoeynaga
- Computer FundamentalsUploaded byPJ Gealone
- Electrical notes for board examUploaded byAlexander Pinili
- pec5Uploaded byjhigz25
- REE Questionaire 2009 PhilippinesUploaded byYellow Lantern
- REE Board ExamUploaded byBenji Nocete
- Trivia 2Uploaded byPJ Gealone
- Question Bank in DC CircuitsUploaded byJose Ricardo Garfin Jr.
- College Physics of Sears Zemansky ReviewerUploaded byPJ Gealone
- EE reviewUploaded byJason Agres
- Pec Answers 1 to 100Uploaded byKian Tecson
- Objective Type Questions in Electrical EngineeringUploaded byRomel Panis
- PEC 1&2- RMEUploaded byDor Sniper Mendoza
- Question Bank in AC CircuitsUploaded byJose Ricardo Garfin Jr.
- Strength of MaterialsUploaded byRafael Santos
- b -Strength of Materials - Sp - SolutionUploaded byTanveer Pathan
- AC CircuitsUploaded byAlbert Tuazon
- Ee Objective ReeUploaded byErven Martinez
- AC Circuits 1Uploaded byDelmark Dionisio Lusterio
- GEAS Oct2013 Ref 3 With AnswersUploaded byRichard Regidor
- Calculator ProbabilityUploaded byastudentoftheworld
- May 2011 Board Exam All SubjectsUploaded byEp Ep Manalo
- Registered Electrical Engineering Reviewer 2Uploaded bykristinebondoc

- Fundamentals of ExtrusionUploaded bygustavojorge12
- D6641.1166550-1Uploaded bykhudhayer1970
- Effects of Different Ceramic and Composite Materials on Stress Distribution InUploaded byanatomimanusia
- Metal Expansion Joint CatalogUploaded byktsnl
- CMAMEUploaded byAmine Abf
- cbr carga repetida.pdfUploaded byALejandroRed
- Design of Concrete Gravity DamUploaded bySudharsananPRS
- 5103.TissueMechanics (2)Uploaded byPeter Murray
- 331B_P.17Uploaded byMayur Malaviya
- Forming Limit Diagram of Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) BasedUploaded byAnup Awate
- 2006-5.7 Sim of Hot Tear and Distortion Casting of Steel Comparison With ExperimentsUploaded bydarwin_hua
- 1-s2.0-S092702560600200X-mainUploaded byQuantum Knots
- Seepage Analysis by FEM (20 SEP 2011)Uploaded bybsitler
- 16-Analysis of a Flexible Concrete ArchUploaded byirmreza68
- Casting Alloys 1Uploaded bydrsmriti
- PlasticityUploaded byहिमांशु कारखाने
- aug-2013Uploaded bySreekumar Rajendrababu
- A952A952MUploaded bySoumya Chatterjee
- DKT DynamicUploaded byonuralpay
- Exp Extrusion Injection Molding TestingUploaded byCikminn Yusuff
- R2_Design Formulae for Bending (2014!08!01)Uploaded byAbhishek Kumar
- Tata Welded Joints in Tubular SteelwowrkUploaded byyeelings
- Neuber vs Equivalent Strain Energy DensityUploaded byGuillermo Narvaez Garzon
- Nayak RollingUploaded byRohit Singhal
- New Microsoft Office Word DocumentUploaded byyoshiceg
- Mecanica Solidos Beer-09Uploaded bysteelpro1
- D 3740 – 99--Uploaded bySayyed Nizam
- Zub 2017Uploaded byNima Asghari
- 1.1-simplestressUploaded byJudy Detangco
- Building Facade Inspection_part1Uploaded byZaheer Ahmed