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**Introduction to Well Testing Instructional Objectives
**

1. List 4 objectives of well testing. 2. Define testing variables. 3. Compute compressibility of reservoir systems.

**Introduction To Well Testing Outline
**

• Applications and objectives of well testing • Development of the diffusivity equation • Definitions and sources for data used in well testing

**What Is A Well Test?
**

• A tool for reservoir evaluation and characterization – Investigates a much larger volume of the reservoir than cores or logs – Provides estimate of permeability under in-situ conditions – Provides estimates of near-wellbore condition – Provides estimates of distances to boundaries

**How Is A Well Test Conducted?
**

q=0

q t

p

t

**Well Test Applications
**

• Exploration • Reservoir engineering • Production engineering

**Well Test Objectives
**

• Define reservoir limits • Estimate average drainage area pressure • Characterize reservoir • Diagnose productivity problems • Evaluate stimulation treatment effectiveness

**Types of Well Tests
**

q

Single-Well

Multi-Well

Development of the Diffusivity Equation

**The Diffusivity Equation
**

• Describes the flow of – A slightly compressible fluid – Having constant viscosity – In a porous medium – At constant temperature

The Continuity Equation

(Aρ v)1

(Aρ v)2

m = ( Aρv ) 1 − ( Aρv ) 2

Equation of State for a Slightly Compressible Liquid

ρ = ρ oe

c ( p −po )

**Flow Equation - Darcy’s Law
**

kA∆p q= µL

or, in differential form,

k x ∂p ux = − µ ∂x

The Diffusivity Equation

µ 1 ∂ ∂p φ c t ∂p r = r ∂r ∂r k ∂t

Data Used in Well Testing

Formation Volume Factor

Vres Bo = Vsurf

Viscosity

v + dv

dy

v

F µ≡ dv A dy

Fluid Compressibility

∂ ln( Vo ) 1 ∂Vo co ≡ − =− Vo ∂p ∂p

Porosity

Permeability

qµL k= A∆p

Pore Compressibility

1 ∂φ ∂ ln( φ ) cf ≡ = φ ∂p ∂p

**Net Pay Thickness
**

Shale h1 h2 Sand

h3

h = h1 + h2 + h3

Net Pay Thickness

Case 1

Case 3

Case 2

Case 4

Saturations

H2O

Wellbore Radius

rw

Total Compressibility

c t = c f + S o c o + S w c w + S gc g

Exercise 1

• List 4 objectives of well testing

Exercise 2

• Define variables used in well testing

Exercise 3

• Calculate total compressibility for an undersaturated oil reservoir

Exercise 4

• Calculate total compressibility for a saturated oil reservoir

Exercise 5

• Calculate total compressibility for a low-pressure, high-permeability gas reservoir

Exercise 6

• Calculate total compressibility for a high-pressure, low-permeability gas reservoir

reservoir Engineering

reservoir Engineering

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