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Exercise : Interconversion Mole and Number of Particle

x Molar Mass x Avogadro Constant


Mass No of Mole No of Particle
÷ Molar Mass ÷ Avogadro Constant
23
Avogadro Constant : 6.02 x 10

1. Calculate the number of particles in c. 16 g of Oxygen gas, O2


a. 1 mol atom of copper RMM of O2 = 32,
1 x 6.02 x 1023 atoms. Mole = 16 ÷ 32 = 0.5 mol

b. 0.0625 mole of water, H2O d. 15 g of iron, Fe


0.0625 x 6.02 x 1023 molecules RMM of Fe = 56,
Mole = 15÷56 = 0.27 mol
c. 1.3 mole of Sodium ions, Na+
1.3 x 6.02 x 1023 ions.
5. Calculate the number of molecules found in
a. 14g of Nitrogen gas, N2
2. Calculate the number of atoms in RMM of N2 = 14,
a. 0.012 mole of ethane gas, C2H6 Mole = 14÷14 = 1 mol
8 x 0.012 x 6.02 x 1023 atoms. 1 x 6.02 x 1023 molecules

b. 22g of Carbon dioxide gas, CO2


b. 1.1 mole of sulphur trioxide, SO3 RMM of CO2 = 44,
4 x 1.1 x 6.02 x 1023 atoms. Mole = 22÷44 = 0.5 mol
0.5 x 6.02 x 1023 molecules

c. 1.6 g of Oxygen gas, O2


c. 0.25 mole of water, H2O RMM of O2 = 32,
3 x 0.25 x 6.02 x 1023 atoms. Mole = 1.6 ÷ 32 = 0.05 mol
0.05 x 6.02 x 1023 molecules

3. Calculate the number of moles of the following 6. Calculate the number of atoms found in
substances a. 14g of Nitrogen gas, N2
a. 3.02 x 1023 sodium atom RMM of N2 = 14,
(3.02 x 1023) ÷ (6.02 x 1023 ) Mole = 14÷14 = 1 mol
1 x 6.02 x 1023 molecules
b. 1.8 x 1024 H2S molecules 1 molecules of N2 consists of 2 mol N atom
(1.8 x 1024) ÷ (6.02 x 1023 ) 2 x 1 x 6.02 x 1023 atom

b. 1.6 g of Oxygen gas, O2


RMM of O2 = 32,
Mole = 1.6 ÷ 32 = 0.05 mol
4. Calculate the number of moles of 0.05 x 6.02 x 1023 molecules
a. 7 g of Nitrogen gas, N2 1 molecules of O2 consists of 2 mol O atom
RMM of N2 = 14, 2 x 0.05 x 6.02 x 1023 atom
Mole = 7÷14 = 0.5 mol

b. 5.75 g of Sodium atom, Na Relative atomic mass:


RMM of Na = 23, N, 14; O, 16; C, 12; H, 1; Fe, 56
Mole = 5.75 ÷23 = 0.25 mol

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